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Min strel entertainment. _______ Academy nf Miutc. Daisied street, near Madison. WostSldn. Variety cntoVtnlnmonl. MONDAY, MARCH 14, 1831, Judge Richard Johns Bowie, Chief Judge of the Sixth Circuit and Associate Justice of the Court of Appeals of Mary land, .tiled yesterday, aged .‘B. He was one of tho*orlglimi and leading Republicans of that State. “At yesterday’s session of the Senate Re publican Caucus Committee hi Washington tho work of rearranging the Senate Commit tees on tho basis of a Republican mnjuilty was completed. No proposition looking to a compromise was received from tho Demo crats, and none will bo entertained. It Is now regarded ns entirely assured that Ma hone will vote and act with the Republicans In the matter of organization. Emiguatiun to the States is causing much uneasiness In Canada. A French Protestant 'clergyman In Montreal complains that his ♦lock Is decimated and Ids project frustrated by tho exodus; while in Toronto tho agents of American railroads ana tho represent atives of land companies in our Western States and Territories aro successfully com peting with Canadian railway and land agents and turning tho lido of emigration largely away from Manitoba and the North west Territory. The religious matters chronicled In our columns this morning Include three sermons of unusual interest—viz.; by Prof. Swing, at the Central Church, on the ** Four Great Tears” of President Garfield's Administra tion; by the Rev. Dr. Thomas, at the People’s Church, on “A Progressive Orthodoxy”; and by the Uev. George C. Mlln, at Unity Church, on “Truth and Freedom ”; and an account of Uiocloslngexercises of the Young • Men’s Christian Association gathering at Evanston. Afiughtful railroad collision occurred at Pittsburg yesterday morning. A “ wild ” freight train ran Into a yard train on Uio Pan-Handle bridge, throwing several ears olt the track and down to tho street beneath, a distance of fitly feet. Tho conductor of the freight train was instantly killed, and two brukemen seriously Injured. One of the en gineers had a most remarkable escape, being thrown from the bridge, striking tho not* work of telegraph wires in the street below, thence falling on a shed, and escaping wholly uninjured. By tho erasure of cancellation marks and tbo alteration of dates u clever swindle has been perpetrated In tho sale of District of Columbia bonds long since canceled and of course worthless. One J. 0. Farnhum, who In IB7U was Chief Clerk In onuof Uie divisions under tho District Board of Audit, confesses to having executed tho job, but, us Urn offense was committed five years ago, ho will by tho Statute of Limitations escape prosecution and punishment for Uie crime. About 813,000 worth of tho bunds were disposed of, and Famham Is free to admit that Ids only mis take was In nut negotiating 8100,000 worth. The Lenten pastoral of Archbishop McCabe, of Dublin, Is especially severe upon tho Ladies’ Land League recently organized by Uio sister of Purnell. While professing tho liveliest sympathy with the hopes of Ire land for u lasting reform in tho system of land tenure, tho Archbishop can hardly find words sufllclently strong with which to ex press his disapproval of the participation of women lu the Land-Louguo agitation, and, so far us he is able, he places all female Leaguers under a sort of sacerdotal ostra cism,—a threatened bun which is not likely to turn from their purpose the high-spirited women whose 1 sympathies have been en listed in the liberation of Ireland from Uie curse of landlordism, mid who, moreover, are quite us competent us Is his Grace to Judge of what a woman may and may not do without the sacrifice of her modesty. Tue House was nut in session in Spring* field Saturday, but tho Senate hold a short session. The most important thing before it was the report of the Revenue Committee of u substitute for Merritt’s bill to tax railroad companies on their gross earnings, which substitute provides that, in addition to tho taxes now required by law, and in lieu of tire taxon capital stock, a lax of SJtf per cent shall be levied on all gross earning* of lines within the State, payable every six mouths, and providing for necessary reports to show such gross earnings, properly verified bv oatb ot the President and Secretary, tho tux to become a lieu on all Die property of such railroad, with power to levy on rolling-stock, and if tho company refuse to make such re port tho Auditor may add 1 per cent to such lax, and collect accordingly. This is u very important ijilU Tho railroads have been greatly harassed by tho notion of llio law taxing their capital stock, ami they have boon in constant lint water with tho State Kird ol FqimlUathm about the amount of. pita! stock on which thoyshonld be taxed, io question has never been settled either the satisfaction of tho railroads or tho •irlshiture. Tho Senate Itcvcnuo Com- tco lias now proposed a simple method of nNallon,—substituting a small lux on gross ecelpta in lieu of the tax on capital stock. IVe think this plan will bo satisfactory to It is much simpter, and io people at large, more equitable than tho present method, which Is dilllcult of execution. According to Poor’s Unllroiui Manual, the moss receipts of all the Illinois railroads for W7U amounted to nearly sixty-four millions of dollars (Sttl,- M2.G00), which at 2)<i per cunt as proposed by the bill would yield to the Stateflovcrnmont, omitting the Illinois Central, already taxed on gross receipts, llio respectable sunn of a million and a quarter dollars per year. It Is nut yet learned whether any of tlio railroads will raise objections to the Revenue Commit tee’s amendment. Tub policy of lenient favoritism pursued by the present municipal administration in Chicago toward disreputable places of resort where liquors are sold, and tho utter neglect by tho authorities to enforce tlio ordinance requiring the closing of all saloons after midnight, bore bloody fruit early yesterday morning. At a drinking place on Wabash avenue whero counterfeiters, confidence men, and thieves congregate, George .Mcßride was murdered in tlio most brutal manner by a crime-stained desperado named Harry Gilmore. Tho ,*j conn. ,11 couu. .3 cent*. .4 cauU. murder was the outgrowth ot a pro tracted debauch, the victim being a young man who had gone to tho saloon ns tho mes senger of a woman who wished him to Induce herdrunken husband to return home. A pistol furnished by tho barkeeper of tlio plnCe served as the Instrument of slaughter, and money supplied by tho proprietor en abled tlio murderer to make good Ids escape. THE AB9ABINATION OF THE RUSSIAN EMPEROR. The nssaslimtlon of tho Emperor Alcxan tier of Russia yesterday will hardly surprise the world, though It mqy none the less shock the sensibilities of civilized peoples. The Emperor Ims been pursued by assaslns for nearly twenty years; frequent attests, and of tho most deliberate character, have been made, but all proved failures. At last he has fallen by the hands of assaslns. The lonic* cherished hatred of the man, the strong feeling of revenge for deeds of barbaric cruelty, and tho widespread belief that his re* movnl was essential‘to any deliverance from Intolerable oppression, have all been gratl llcd by this successful assaslmitton. Tho Emperor of Russia of yesterday lies a man gled corpse In tho Winter Palace at St. Pe tersburg; tho Emperor of Russia of to-day Is a falr-halred young man of 85 years of age, who enters upon his public life under cir cumstances which foretell a popularstrugglo which can only end In tho obliteration of a despotism which has no modern parallel In Europe. The murdered Emperor represented a po litical system from which Europe had moved away. lie was mi absolute despot He shared the Government with no one. Ills will was tho supreme law. lie was tho lord of life and of liberty. Russia was one vast military prison; the people were dependent upon the control of an irresponsible and absolute Government, which Government was tho will of tho monarch. There may have been feeble pretenses of written law, and feeble mockeries of what are called courts of justice: but tho law was tho will of tho Emperor, and the Courts were but tho executioners of tho Imperial orders. Tho Church Is but a branch of the Imperial army. The men In arms were tho military agents of the despotism; the Church was tho civic, but none tho less potential, subjugator of tho popular Intelligence and tho popular conscience. The bayonet and the crozler wore alike mere weapons In tho hands of the Government to crush out every sentiment save that of abject submission to tho require ments of tho monarch. However this sys- tem may have been more or less general throughout Europe In the past, govern mental despotisms, outside of Russia, have been overthrown and have passed away, and popular liberty and popular rights liava become too sacred for even anointed hands to touch. In Russia, however, there.has been no relaxation, and, while Alexander 11. may have deferred to the Judgment of mankind in some respects, the despotism of Ida rule was generally ab solute, and far more merciless than It was when the great Catherine ruled the Empire with an Iron hand. The law of Russia was Fear. Xo con lldence was reposed in the patriotism or the loyalty of the people. Xo man was trusted. All service was rendered through fear or for bribes. When men are ruled by fear they have neither love nor respect for tho person that Inspires that fear. Complaint was silenced by tho knout, deathly exile, or brutal nssusinatlon. Tho policy, of tho Empire was tho preservation of despotism by Uie annihilation of its oppo nents, and ns u consequence tho antagonism to this despotism, took, of necessity, also Uio form of annihilation of the rulers. Out of such an antagonism, both aiming at the same ends by tho same means, assnsinatlon became the governing principle both of tho Imperial Government and of the revolutionists. In a land where there was no law and no courts, where suspicion was promptly fol lowed by arrest ami wholesale sacrifice of life, revolution could only bo fostered In se cret; Us members and agents staked their lives upon Uio secrecy and good faith of each other, ami how far this secret organization is ramified through tho Russian people may bo made public In the events that shall follow this murder of Alexander. His death may result In tho political emancipation of Rus sia,—may lead to a thorough overthrow of the existing despotism,—but certainly It can add no new sulTertng to a nation In >vhlch each man, woman, and child holds Ids or her life upon tho suio will of one cruel, vindict ive, and merciless human being. , The Emperor Alexander some twenty years ago by Imperial ukase emancipated about 35,000,000 of Russian ami Polish serfs. For this he was applauded as a benefactor of his race. It is not gracious to detract from the merit of an act which has passed Into his tory as commendable, but lu the light of subsequent uvents this act appears more as uu elfurt to strengthen the absolutism of tho Crown, by making these serfs Us grateful adherents, against Uie machinations of those who had never been serfs. Thu young Emperor Alexander 111. will bo confronted at tho very threshold of his reign by a popular demand for a Representative ’ Government. If true to Uie past history of his family he will refuse, and will depend on the force of the immense army. How fur that army will side with tho people, and how fur with Uio continuance of the present sys? tern, Is a question yet tube determined. How fur Uio stories of the personal leanings of the now Emperor towards a more liberal Gov ernment may bo verified, Is also a mutter Umt must soon be made known. There cun bo nothing more repulsive to Uio American mind than ussaslnullon us a reme dy fur political uvlU. Assaslmulon is cow ardly. brutal, and unjustifiable, under any THE CHICAGO TKIBUmii: MOJNII AY. fllAKCll M, 1881. and every circumstance, but especially so when It strikes down tho head of a nation and plunges an Kmplro Into confusion and anarchy. Hindi, however, has been the con- ilUoii of affairs in Russia, wliure ussasinailon las been nmdo tlio rule of domestic warfare, lint this assasiimllon must have been uni* versnlly expected by both the victim and by nil ns the Inevitable outcome of llio work of annihilation so dcdlbcrntcly carried on by both sides. PARNELL AND THE ENGLISH LIBERALS. Mr. Parnell lias Indicted on tlio Kimlish Liberals a defeat tlio significance of which can scarcely bo overrated, and tho moral effect of which will not bo lost on tlio parly low In power in England, unless It is sadly lucking in political sagacity, blinded by prejudice begotten of Irritation, or entirely controlled by half-hearted, feeble-purposed party men. Tho defeat of tho Liberal candi date at Coventry and tho election of the Tory candidate have sent a shock through the Liberal ranks, and many of those who have given a thlck-nmt-thln support to Mr. Forster’s coercion policy will pause be fore they continue In Uiat course. At the general election, two Liberal candidates were elected for Coventry by majorities of ITOand sso respectively. One of the successful Liberal candidates had represented the borough, which was considered a Liberal stronghold, for thirteen years. Ills election to the Kiiglisli Hunch created a vacancy. Tlio Liberals put forward one of their strongest candidates, a local man of largo wealth and acknowledged ability, Tho To ries put forward tho defeated candidate of last year. The Liberals wore confident of electing their man, ami Mr. Jennings, cabling to tho Now York IForhl the day be fore the election, Intimated that there was no doubt of ids success. On Friday Mr. Parnell Issued an address to tlio Irish voters of tho borough. Ho requested them to vote for the Tory candidate, and lints allow ttiolr disap proval of tho nll-cocrcloii-uo-rcmcdlat pulley of the Liberal Ministry. The result was that the Tory candidate received a majority of 4 W votes, a majority brought about by the Irish’ voters acting on Mr. Parnell’s ad vice. Ah we said before, tho slgnlllcnnco of this election cannot bn overrated when It Is under stood that there arc in Great Britain very nearly 2,000,000 Irish, either by birth or. descent; that they reside principally In tho great manufacturing towns, where nearly every male adult Is a voter; that they aro well organized in llome-Unlo Clubs and Land-League Clubs; that ninny of them Imvo been tho victims of eviction and persecution; that they are, therefore, ardent In their sym pathies with tho Land-League cause, are de voted followers of Mr. Parnell, believing Implicitly In his political wisdom (ho was elected President of their central organiza tion before tho Irish In Ireland thought of indorsing his course); that In at least fifty English boroughs they hold tho balance of power; that Llberalcandldatescouldnomoro be elected from those fifty boroughs without tho Irish vote than could tho Democrats elect a Mayor In New York, Chicago, or St. Paul If the Irish voted with tho Republic ans. At the last general election tho Irish acted zealously, faithfully, and solidly with the Liberals, as they believed that Mr. Glad stone would, on attaining power, bring In a liberal measure of land-reform and other amelloralory measures for Ireland. They sank all petty prejudices and differences, and it Is to their active, zealous, un flinching, unquestioning aid that the Liberal, success lu tho general election was largely it not wholly due. At Burnley, theysnpported Hylands, tho Radi cal candidate, in opposition to Talbot, a Catholic Tory, a relative of the Duko of Norfolk, whoso cause was ardently espoused by the Roman Catholic clergymen. In the London boroughs, where they aro fully one fourth of tho population, they supported the Liberal candidates, and tho Liberal triumphs at Lambeth, Tower Hamlets, Hackney, and Southwark were acknowledged by tho Lib erals themselves to bo due to tho Irish vote. Tho same is true of Liverpool and Birming ham (where the three Liberal candidates were elected), of Salford, •Newcastle-on- Tyne, Durham, and oilier places. There are nearly forty boroughs In which tho Liberal candidates triumphed by majorities of loss than 100. The Irish vote if cast for tho Tory candidate In these places would Imvo resulted In Liberal defeat In about fifty boroughs the majorities were less than the Liberal najorlty at Coventry; the Irish vote would have turned a Liberal triumph Into n de feat In these places. Mr. Forster could not have been elected In Bradford If the Irish voted as solidly against him as they will cer tainly do when they next get tho chance. Add to llicso facts that nine Liberals who represent Ulster constituencies were elected by voles which wore cast by Land-Leaguers In the proportion of five to one; that the only other Irish constituencies represented by Liberals are certain to be wiped out during this Parliament, being the rot ten boroughs of Mallow, AthUme, Dundalk, and the equally-corrupt constituency of Dub lin, which has only 13,500 voters to 345,700 people; and it will bo seen that tho Liberal party of England depends for Its very exist ence on the suuimrt of the Irish voter, and on tho good-will of Mr. Parnell. Xorwill Uio redistribution of scats mend matters for tho Liberals, Tho representation which will be taken from the English rotten boroughs must bo conferred on Uio great manufacturing towns and on tho London boroughs, where Uio Irish voters aro tho most numerous, and the representation taken from the decaying rotten boroughs of Ire landmust be conferred on tho rural constit uencies, where ninety-nine out of every hun dred voters are Land-Leaguers. The fact' Is, that Uio Liberal party must. In tho future even more than In the past de pend on Irish support. .Mr. Parnell will have a following of atleast eighty Irish mem bers In tho next'Parliament; there will not be a single Liberal member from Ireland, and if some arrangement Is not nmdu In Uio meantime tho Liberals wilt sulfur a loss of at least forty seats In the English mid Scotch boroughs. Tho result of Saturday’s elec tion at Coventry makes this certain. Some of Uio Liberal papers have long fore seen this. Mr. John Morley, In tho Pall Mall Gazette, has warned the Liberals that defeat and disaster in the English boroughs would be Uio result of n coercive policy. Ho pointed out to them Uiat Uie support of Uio Irish voters was better to Uiom than that of tho Whigs, who, before this Parliament censes to exist, will be shorn of their power, while that of tho Irish voter will be increased. The Whigs may bo satisfied; tbo Irish are certainly ex asperated. They have been betrayed before by tho Whigs,—O’Connell used to call them • “tho base, brutal, and bloody Whigs,” be cause Uioy always promised much and did little or nothing. Not much, to be sure, can be expected by tho Irish from Uio Tories, but it should bo borne In mind Uiat It was tho Tory Ministry of the Duke of Wellington that grunted Emancipation, and It was the lost Tory Ministry Uiat passed tho In termediate Education act, Uie great est boon conferred on • the Irish by a British Parliament, for Uie Disestablish ment act was passed rattier to please Mlall and Uie English Llberatlonlsts than to please the Irish, and Gladstone’s Lund act was a Hipping, halting, If not mischievous measure. Besides, llio Irish lenders may como to the conclusion Hint It Is better to trusttlio “open fin* Hum Hie friend who lies”; tlmt Lord Ileac onslkiil, not having Inst his political au dacity and dexterity, may after all be more safely trusted to for remedial measures than Mr. Gladstone and hls Whig following; that tho Tory loader may yet “dish” the Whigs by announcing conciliatory measures for Ire land as part of his policy. There Is yet u chance for the Liberals. They can yet win back the Irish, even though the Coercion net exists. By bringing in and passing a thorough measnruof land-reform, ami giving iho Irish a fair degree of local self-government; by discarding the advice of the territorial Whigs, like llartlngton and llarcourt, and acting on tho advice of men like Cowcn, Labonehere, and Morloy; by allowing Chamberlain and Bright to have more Inlluence In tho Cabinet, and Forster and Argyll less. Irish voters in Knglaml may yet be reconciled to the Liberal party, and support Its candidates with the same hearty zeal that they did at tho last general election. At any ratf, and notwithstanding all state ments to Uie contrary, Mr. Parnell U master of tho situation, lie can unmake tho Liberal party it It continues in Its policy of coercion ami repression, lie cun be u valuable ally to R If It does justice to Ireland. GRAIN GOING TO NEW ORLEANS. A New York dispatch says: Ron of the Board of Trade and Transporta tion was called to tho new dangerto the com merce of New York now* being developed In tho transportation of grain by moans ‘of swiftly-towed barges down the Mississippi to New Orleans, whence It Is shipped to Kuropft by steamships.” Tho St. Louis .Republican makes those ob servations: That muoh-rldloulod revolution In tho grain trade, which St. Louis has boon striving to etfccC for years past, begins to look dreadfully real to Chicago and New fork. There is no denying tholr alarm when the New York Hoard of Trade solemnly directs attention to the danger threat ened its commerce. The fact Is. it Is not n dan ger threatened uny longer, but an actual dam age already done. Still worse, more Is nothing they can do to atop the revolution. Grain can bo shipped cheaper andcpilckerfromSt. Louts to Now Orleans than from Chicago to New York, and that means cheaper and quicker to Liver pool, or uny other foreign port. Wo have printed during the last few weeks statements showing tlio departure from St. Louis of fleets of barges loaded with grain for New Orleans. .Some of these lloats con tained several hundred thousand bushels, the cost of transportation from St. Louis to New Orleans being, ns compared with rail freights from there to Uultlmore, hardly more than one-third. Jay Gould, It is stated, has furnished most of tho capital to build these barges and to operate them, and It Islntemled and expected to turn into St. Louis tho im mense grain productions of Kansas, Missouri, part of lowa, and of the southern half of Illinois and Southern Indiana, and thence send them to tho East and to Europe by way of New Orleans. The transportation from Sr. Louis to New Orleans being reduced to the minimum, and tho facilities of handling and shipping tlio grain at Now Orleans being Increased, two results nro expected to en courage tbo grain trade on tho river. One of these is, that more can be paid for tho grain at St. Louis than elsewhere; and, second, the grain can bo sold In New Orleans toshlppers for less than It costs elsewhere. As The Tiuhu.vb has for years predicted, tho opening and maintenance of tho Missis sippi River route would In time become a necessity, and that time Ims now arrived. The exactions and confiscations by tho rail road combinations have forced tho relief which that route offers to the people of tho West Tho cost of transportation being re duced bj; that lines producers and shippers will naturally profit by tWo greater prices they can obtain. It may therefore bo ac cepted as a fixed fact that tho Mississippi River route Is now ami will be henceforth an ever open and rival route for grain and other Western products, especially In tho winter and spring months. This competition will immediately bo felt by tho railways leading East, ami by all tho cities not located on tho Mississippi River, and the diversion of trade will be not only great but permanent. How will It bo met? Tho Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company will bu tho lirst to feci the destructive elTeet of tills rlver-bargo competition. That road Is not burdened either by an enormous bond ed debt nor by watered capital stock. It has direct connections with tho river at St. Louis, and thonco westward. It has connection with several warehouses on the Illinois bank of the river, and also at Baltimore. It has direct steamer arrangements for ocean trans portation to Europe. It has ult tho means and appliances, by the use of steel rails and double tracks mid tho other economies of transportation, to transact ItslmslnesHcheap- or perhaps Hum any othor road In tho coun try. It has an abundance of locomotlvo urn- chlnery and rolling-stock, and Ims tho great advantage of being Uio shortest route to tho scaboaul from tho Mississippi. But ut St. Louis It Is confronted with this formidable rival route, by which tho products of tho Western Slates may bo moved to any point on tho Atlantic or lu Europe at a great sav ing on present railroad freight rates per 10i) pounds. What will that Company do about. It? Will it cling blindly to that cutthroat fraud tho “pool”? If It do, then, so fur us tho grain business Is concerned, It may as well close its warehouses, sell off Its rolling stock, and practically abandon Its Western connections. When grain can bo sold at St. Louis at from throe to live cunts per 100 pounds more to bo shipped thonco by Uie river to New Orleans than can be obtained • for It If it bo shipped by rail to Baltimore, how much grain Is likely to pass over Uio Baltimore & Ohio Hoad to Baltlmorn ? The othor alternative is easily measured, weighed, andsolved. If tho Baltimore & Ohio Company could transport grain from UioMls sUslppl Blver to Baltimore by tho thousands of tuns ut tho rate of S 5 cunts per lot) pounds (wo speak of spring and summer routes), and this new route can muvu that grain ut a much lower rate, what ts Uio road to do? What will tho Company say to Us stockholders, and to tho City of Baltimore? That It wilt abandon tho tralllc, sell Us loco motives and grain trains, mid toll Uio people of Baltimore that they can have no produce trade with the West? Or will not that Company make a virtue nf necessity, and, ascertaining at what rate U can so com pute with tho river transportation that It cun retain tho tralllc, reduce Us own tarllT to Umt point? If tho Scents par KW pounds can not 'compete, let Uiat rate bo reduced to ID cents, or 17 cents, or Bl cents; let U be re duced to whatever rate will enable that road, with Us facilities, to maintain Its grain busi ness despite the extraordinary reductions In the cost of transportation made by tho system of river and barge carriage. But It will not be necessary to carry grain to llaUlmore as cheapos tho bargcscanilontUtoNewOrlcaus, because Baltimore cun pay several cents u bushel morofor grain than can New Orleans, us U will cost much mure to transport prod uce from tho latter port to Liverpool than from tho former. Still there Is no course left for tho Baltimore Ohio Hoad than to cut down Us freight charges on grain from. St. Louis or abandon tho produce business, and It Is fortunate that that Company Is so ' conditioned llnanclally that It can adopt this coarse with less embarrassment and loss than any uf Us trunk-line competitors. The grain trade of Baltimore—lu fact, tho whole Western trade of that city—has ob- tallied such great proportions that It. cannot be permllled to be diverted by .lay Gould's scheme of elieaperlransporlatlonon the river to New Orleans. It cannot, however, be re tained unless the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad meet the competition fairly and squarely by a large redaction of Its own rates and give to producers and shippers counterbalancing advantages with those ottered by tho barges i Now Orleans. Such a course by Hie Baltimore A Ohio lallroad will of necessity have an Immediate Ifeot Upon those roads running from the Vest to the seaboard on more northern routes. Tho Mississippi River competition will directly ailed every railroad running east of tho Mississippi River to tho Atlantic. They must all submit to a heavy shrinkage of their produce business, or they mast maintain It by such reductions of rates as will enable grain-dealers to continue shipping grain by rail to Philadelphia, New York, and Boston at a profit. Tho competition between tho Mississippi River route to the Gulf and tho lake and canal route to Now York and Montreal Is destined to be sharp, and tho trunk-line roads may as well make up tholr minds to submit to a reduction that will divide their ordinary charges by two, or abandon the grain-carrying business from tho West to the Bast. ‘ It Is pleasant to remember In this connec tion that every penny taken from tho cost of transportation is one added to tho price of tho grain that will bo paid to tho producer. Thorn Is no patriotism or sentimentality In trade. That route which will pay the farmer tho greatest price will command tho trade, and to this Inexorable law tho trunk-lino railroads must submit. They must leave tho producer as much as ho can get by tho now route, or tho pew route will command tho bulk of the trafilc of tho Missis sippi Valley States from tho close of lake navigation In November till It again opens In April of each year. “The alien- THE DEMOCRATIC OFFER TO JUDGE Tlio Rourbons of tlio United States Senate sorely need the vole u£ Judge David Davis, _ of tlio strong Republican State of Illinois. They met In caucus and agreed to proffer him tlio Chairmanship of tho Judiciary Com* mltlco on consideration of, his voting for all their other caucus nominees. They owe him nothing, for ho Ims steadily refused to de clare himself a Democrat. Whenever he has voted with the Democratic party It has been on tho alleged ground that a careful con sideration of tho wholo subject convinced him that ho could not conscientiously vote tho other way on that particular question. Tlio fact that tho Senatorial Democratic caucus have determined to offer Mr. Davis the Judiciary Chairmanship shows that they regard It us necessary to hold out some In ducement to Mr. Davis to vote with them on tho organization. Otherwise Uioy surely would not deprive the entire Democratic par ty of tho high honor and bestow It upon a man who disclaims all partisanship. And Oils reasoning of Democratic Senators Is logical. There is less a question of principle at stake In tho organization of tho Senate of tho United States than a question of spoils. The Senate employs a lot of clerks and serv ants. If Judge Davis voles on tho Democratic side these clerks and servants will bo Demo crats; if ho votes on the Republican side they will bo UepubUcans. As he claims to be devoid of partisan feeling, but confesses to Republican leanings, It becomes neces sary, In order to secure his vote where no question of principle Is Involved, to tickle his fancy, or flatter his vanity, or promote Ids ambition. Tlio Democratic caucus offer of tho Judiciary Chairmanship Is In tho nature of a bribe to Judge Davis, and lit this sense It Is a gross Insult, and ho evidently perceived that It was an attempt to bribe him, for ho declined accepting tho offered Chairmanship at their hands, but ho has not resented tho Insult. Tho offer was tho equivalent of sayhnr: “ Wo will give you one of Uio best Chairman ships at our disposal, provided you will vote to give ns all the other Chairmanships ami >0 control of nil tbo patronage of tho Set ate.” In nuother view, It was a proposal to barter off tho Chairmanships. The. Dem ocrats said to Judge Davis: “If you wlllglvo us tho power by your vote to seize all tho Chairmanships of tho Senate, we will give you ouo of tho best of them.” Tho worst thing about It all was that of necessity tho bargain Is public,—open to all tho world; us much so us If, In broad day In front of tho Exchange, a lot of thieves should accost an honest man lu tho street and say: “If you wlll help us rob tho bank yonder wo will give you a quarter of the money.” Tho Democrats ore not a marjurlty of the Senate (assuming that Mahono will vote against them), and yet they get together In caucus and parcel out tho Chairmanships.os If they hud tho power to elect the persons named; and then in order to gain tho power of election they olfer the best of the Chair manships to a man who denies that ho Is po litically amilatod with thom.-otTer It to him on condition of receiving his vote, for lu no othor contingency had they anything to offer. In view of this stale of facts, wo do not clearly comprehend hosv Judge Davis can announce his purpose to support the Bour bon caucus nominees for the Senate Com mittees. VILAS, OF WISCONSIN. On tho occasion of tho formal election of a successor to Urn late Senator Carpenter by Uio Wisconsin Legislature Thursday, tho veto stood us follows: Angus Cameron (Hop.) 07 William !■’. Vilas (alleged 11cm.) Tho vote for Vilas was loss than one-third, and hardly mure than ono-quartcr, of that for his Republican opponent. Why was this so*.* Vilas Is an able num. He Is one of tuo best lawyers In the State. As an orator ho Is con* festcdly without n rival In Wisconsin. Ho was n (rood soldier. Is personally unobjec tionable, and has hosts of friends. Othor things being equal, ho would make a stronger Senator than Cameron, because tin abler and more eloquent man, find would dll Mr. Car* pouter’s shoos lu point of ability more nearly than perhaps any other man lu the State. But othor things wore not equal. Mr, Vilas Is not sound on the main question. Ills po litical associations oro not of the right kind; and, if elected, he would represent and en force views of public policy which the people of Wisconsin do not believe in and have most emphatically condemned. That Is the reason why, when It came to a vote between him and Angus Cameron In the Legislature, the latter had a majority of nearly four to one. Now, It Is true that Mr. Vilas, who In the past Ims been regularly obscured on account of his political associations, and now Is en tirely out of the line of promotion, has no mental or moral tie which should bind him to the State-sovereignty Bourbon party for one moment. All tho Democracy be has ho gut by Inheritance, ills father was a Democrat before him. So ho sentimentally Imagines* ho Is a Democrat. He haslahorlled the name and party prejudices. That Is the whole logic of his position. But ho had so little real knowledge of or affection for the fundamentals of the Democratic party that when the War broke out he sprang to the defense of the Union, and as u brave and patriotic soldier did his best to stamp out tho pestilent heresy of Slate supremacy, which constituted all that was ever genuine or vital hi the Democratic parly. If ho had been a Democrat by principle, mid lint by Inherit* mice, ho would have remained at home, Joined the Holden Circle, ((inseminated Cop perhead tracts, and decorated tho eorner groeerlcs with his cussing of tho War. In stead of that, ho acted on his convictions, worked with sword and volco for tho triumph of Republicanism.—anti-slavery principles. Whim Col. Vilas entno back from tho work of shooting nndcrnahlmr Southern Democracy, covered with honor ami reputation, ho ought to have gravitated Into tho Republican parly, where he properly belonged and bad earned a right to be. lie owed that much to cou* slstoncy. Asa Nationalist ho fought: how could ho become a Htale-snpromrtey Demo crat when ho honorably ceased to light, there being ho longer any occasion for his serv ices? If he had deserted, or been drummed out, we cun understand why ho should have gone over to tho Democracy, but ns ho came back with Hying colors there was no excuse for such conduct. Family memories over came him. Ilognvoto a lower consistency what belonged to his honor as a soldier. Heredity overcame the scruples which he could not help but feel, and lie ahnostcon vlnced himself that ho believed In those nox ious Democratic principles of State suprem acy which his father had Instilled Into him In his youth, but which he had fought nobly to put down. So be became a Democrat by prejudice, while ho remained a Republican in principle. Still bo believed in Republic an doctrines or ho would nut have fought to preservo and establish them. Mr. Vilas was quite a young man when ho made this fatal mistake. If ho had been older, lie \vould have been wiser. Ho saw toolatotbathehnd blundered. When Clou. Grant camo back from his foreign tour, and was entertained in Chicago, who but tho eloquent Col. Vilas was selected to make tho welcoming speech. Being a gallant soldier and also an alleged Democrat, It was felt that ho was Indeed a ram «uls, and could not bo spared from so unique an occasion. So ho was brought down from Wisconsin, Ilko a white swan, to give distinction to tho feast And ho did It. His speech was ono of tho most eloquent and appropriate that even Gen. Grunt had over listened to. Col. Vilas himself was so overcome by It that report says, ho would have voted for Gen. Grant for President If he had been nominated. But hu refused to vote for another bravo soldier, who was art abler statesman and a less ultra Republican tlihn Grant. When Qnrllehl was nominated, tho bravo, tho witty, tho accomplished, the patri otic Vilas slipped back Into tho Bourbon party-by-prejudice, where ho no more be longs than lu tho Ku-Klux Klau ortho White League of Louisiana. Thorn Is a lesson and a moral for young Democrats of National feeling and sentiment In this pathetic tale. To all such Tub Turn vne disinterestedly says, Don’t bo a Bourbon because your father was; or, If you must follow in tho footsteps of your mistaken an cestors, move to Texas or to Missouri, where there Is some chance for a young Bourbon to grow up with tho country. DATIB. FOX AND QEE3E IN THE SENATE. Washington advices imlicute a purpose on the part of the Democratic Senators to pro pose that, If the Republicans will concede to them tbo Chairmanship? of the Committees, they will permit the Republicans to proceed with the organization of the Senate. This Is very much such a proposldon ns If Senators Pendleton and Burnside were, discussing a canvosback duck at Welckor’s, ami the former should propose to divide IhoTowl'by taking all tbo meat and giving the bones to the latter. The Committees constitute tbo meat of tho Senate organization, and tho Chairman of each Committee is the carver who reserves tho tidbits and tlio bonnes* houchcs for himself. The appointment of tho attaches to tho Senate—tho clerks, Ser- Bennts-at-Arms, doorkeepers, messengers, etc.—is a very inslgnilicnut perqulslt ns compared with tho power and prestige that go with tho Committees. It Is tho Commit tees that shape legislation; report hills or pocket them: recommend or strangle tho Executive nominations; and tho Chairmen nro recognized ns Urn leaders. But there is still another consideration, not bo generally known to tho public, which Increases tho impertinence and impractica bility of such a proposition ns Is credited to the Democrats. Tho Chairman of a Senate Committee is n luxurious aristocrat. Tho traditions of tho Senate are peculiar. For Instance, tho Vice-President is tho dictator >ver tho restaurant on that side of tho Cui tol. ilo has tho appointment of thorestan ratcur, and it Is tho only patronage that nl in tho Government. So tho Chairman of a Sminto Committee is supremo in theupnrt- incuts and appurtenances presumptively set aside for tho Committee. The desk, the easy chair, and the lounge are all his. No other member of tho Committee ever dreams of disputing with tho Chairman tho exclusive possession and enjoyment of these privileges. Tho committee-room Is tho Chairman's do main. There lie transacts what private business lie may have. If lie bo of a social turn he has his sideboard and entertains his friends there. Even lady visitors nro said to bo welcomed by tho fortunate Chnlnnnn, while tho desolate associates must either re main m their seats or seek consolation in the common cloakrooms. Tho Clerk of tho Committee, paid out of Government appro priations, Is really u clerk or private secretary, to the Chairman. Tim Chuirmaußelectshlm, and, us n rule, either confers tho place upon some relative or makes thochoicoon account of tho personal service tho clerk is expected to render him. Tho clerk Is designed to bo useful In tho preparation of tho Chairman’s speeches, tho writing of tho Chairman’s letters, and such other duties ns may con tribute to the Chairman's convenience and comfort. Even if the inlluonco of tho Chairmanships of the various Committees over public atTuirs wore to be left out of tho question, Is It rea sonable to suppose Hint tho Republican Sen ators with tho slightest prospect of control ling these desirable places will yield them to their opponents in exchange for tho crumbs of the organization? What is tho appoint ment of a doorkeeper, or oven of a barber under the mime of messenger, ns compared to the manifold privileges, and comforts, ana perquisite which attach to a Committee Chairmanship? The Senate is n body of num who huvo an oblding sense of tho com forts of life, and wiio do not asceticnlly turn up their noses at a suggestion of tho dolce aches to what is nominally tho second ofllco /nrnlcnfc in Senatorial existence. All the members ore thoroughly familiar with the advantages that belong lo tho Chairmanship of o Committee. Hence tho probable willing ness of tho Democratic Senators to give up all the other elements of organization If they can secure the Chairmanships, but hence also tho strong Improbability that tho Kepub -1 llcun Senators will accept such terms If they are In a position to control tho coveted Chair manships for themselves. A tiiiuAT circular panorama of (hobattle of QravoUitto bus boon completed und placed on exhibition In Uorlln. U represents tho moment when tbo Prnsslun Corps of Guards aud Urn Sax ons, having pressed round by forced marches to tho extreme right of tbo French position, are moving forward to tho storming of St. Frivol. The spectator is supposed to bo standing on one of tbo hist of (bo villages shattered uud burnt by German shells, around him being charred rafters and nil thodfbrls of war. The landscapo in trim to nature In nil Its details, and of tmmy 0 f the combatants correct. portraits nre given. Tho urt Ist In Prof. Iltinleii.a painter of buttle sconce who was bom In Paris In is:!;, became a ]inp]| of Camphnusen lit Huftseldorf, and wont through tho campaigns or Ml, iww, uml 187(1. Speaking of tho now Secretary of Um in. tcrlor, ex-Htmnlor Kirkwood, tho Now Vor» Ti Umiu\ says: When ho comes to develop hi* Imilnn poller w* have no doubt Unit It will give earnest support tn nil lintel lent (-irons to help tho Indians to bet-oirm responsible, self-sustaining, propem-owm,,* citizens. Hindi a policy will linnuesUonably hnv« tho Indorsement of President Garllehl. The nc. tlon of Congress, however, will ho needed to carry It Into etfuct. President Hayes found tim übtiisonuss nml indliroruiiuu of Congress a stumbling-block hi his way when ho sought to ntrodiieo new methods In tho Indian service Public sentiment Is now so emphatfu In favor of npplyitur civilizing processes to tho suvutres that I •ongress will soon bo spurred up to action. Mr Kirkwood has made n wood beginning in’ his conference with tho representatives of tho Colorado Utes. who want to hack out of their agreement lor ceding tliolr old rcserva* timi mid movlmr to it now one, and set up the pretense Unit they only bargained'to sell um mountain lands. Tho Hecrotury told thorn that their contract was fairly made and fully under* stood and agreed In,-by tbolr Chiefs and head men. and that thov would have to abide by il At tho simin Unto ho assured thorn that If tha now lands sot apart for thorn were riot satisfac* lory, ami n bettor lecation could bo round iu either Utah or Colorado, tho Government would allow them tho fullest liberty of choice and deal with them ht a liberal spirit. Hu thus showed thorn that, while tho Government Insisted that they should fullUUhelr part of tho contract, it was willing to do more Hum carry out Its own part. how Is a mingling of firmness, Justice uml generosity that speukfl well for both tho bead mid heart of tho new Secretary, An exchange remarks: Pwbabiv tho (Inal solution of tho South African troubles will, sooner or later, bo found in tho formation of a Confederacy embracing all tho clvlli/.cd Stales hi that region. This pruou* Bltlon was made In England before the outbreak of tho Trnnsvnnl war. but met with little en couragement, owing, perhaps, to tho prevalent English opinion that all people eiijoving the blessings of llrltleli Colonial rule ought to be content with It till tho end of lime. There nre civilized Inhabitants enough hi South Africa to forma strong, self-governing Itepnblte. Accord* Ing to tho latest stntlstics tho population of Capo Ciduity IbCSI.UOO: of Natal 55TU,(K)U; of tho Orange Free State, 07.000; and of tho Trans* vmii 120,000, taking no account of tho savage tribes. Hero, then, aro 1,008,000 people of Eu ropean ancestry, about halt of thorn English* speaking, who could smm bo wolded together Into a homogeneous nationality If they had tho tic of common political interests. There would bo at llrst some Jealousy botweuu tho Dutch and English elements, but it would not bo us serious n mailer as it Is now If the Hutch did not feel that they were under foreign rule. Tho early English and German settlers of Pennsylvania managed tn got along amicably together, and tho Hutch and English aro loss diverse hi lun* Brand customs. Thuro Is room enough la Africa for a prosperous agricultural pop* illation of four or-live millions, band Is ridicu lously cheap. An English traveler who bus Just published u book about tho Transvaal says ho was offered I,DOJ acres of flue grazing laud la exchange for a wagon.' Key, of Ten nessee, la kind enough to speak favorably of all tlxo members of tbo new Cabinet. Ue says lllnlno Is the “brainiest man In It"; that “Oub Lincoln is u tine young follow"; that “Mac- VengUlanßmnrtcbu‘p";,tUut “James Is a man of great executive ability ”; and that “ Wtndoin Is n careful, prudent man." Judge Key sneaks with moderation, It will bo observed. He him* self wont Into the Mayes Cabinet because bo was tbo only living “Old-Lino Whig,” aipl It Is natural that bo should look upon men with In ferior quulillcatlou) somewhat condescendingly. It was regarded ns an objectionable dr* cumslanco that Uiu lobby at WiuUtluidon on behalf ut Hanley Matthews coiialMotl of two Democratic edit ors.—Uutti relative*.—Mr. Waltoracm, of the Conner* JourmU, and ML McLean, eftlio Cluoiunail L'mjuinr, — Chic, lift Tribune. Will you kindly mention, since you are at h. how related Wash McLean andHtanlcy Matthoai live? Wo think it possible they once belonged to tbo same lire company. If so. that make John It. McLean mid llonry Watterson tlrst or second cousins?— Cincinnati Commercial. Cousins gormaln, you booby! Don't you know enough to know that? Skxatok Davis has a very curious way o! conferring on the country a “reaplt froindh* cord" mid n “rest from sectional strife," bj voting to confer the organization of the Semin and Its committees on tbo Southern Hourboni. Judge, your pretexts are a little too tbln. Tim Nashville American discovers that tho ambitious young mou of tho colored race aspire to bo preachers. “Gath” says that in tho East public life Isnconliiotof persons, and in the West a coo* lllet of appropriations. PERSONALS. Now views of Irelandf—Terror-scoplc. Maine hostwolve ox-Governors living. Pro hibition doesn't seem to bo so much of aauccota, utter all. “Dr. Collycr says that ‘if George Eliot goes to Hell she will change the climate.’ This is Important if true."—Bob liujerwll. Thu English Government sometimes dis plays excellent Judgment. Tho Hoyton recently arrested as a Land heugner Is a brother of CspU lloyton, tho swimming nuisance. Mr. Charles A. Dana, of the New York Sun, who has teen visiting Culm for tho past month in company with his daughter, sailed for homo last Saturday. Tho New York Trlbmic says Postmaster- General James is a cheerful worker, oven when surrounded by bores. This is tho first iiititua* lion that tho Tribune stuff had culled batta General. “ I see that Mr, Foropnugh offers n prize ol SIO,OOO for tho handsomest woman In Amerlc* to travel with his show. This might ho bcttci than writing books,—but no, I will 00l keep 'some poor girl out of u chunoo to get rich.' - Oali Aamlltoii. She is rosy, bright, and fair, Ami *11(1 cuts hor curly hair l.lkon mop. liut 1 lutu her. that 1 Co, From hur dainty little shoe To hurcropl —Chicago iiallail. A Kentucky paper recently slated that s prominent citizen was “greatly troubled wits insomnia." After tho editor got out of thobw pltul ho decided to never again usounythlughu* plain language in writing of his fellow-towns men. Kuntuokinns are not troublodwltb educa tion, but thoy shout straight and luko explana tions afterwards. To make soup u I’Argonnut: Take a palll of water and wash it clean: thou boll it till U brown on both sides; pour in ono bean; tho beau begins to worry prepare It to Biltna‘® 8 i ltna ‘® ' If soup won’t simmer it’s too rieh; pour in tu water; dry the water with a towel before j put It in; tho drier the 'water tho sooner browns. Bervo hot. Riding In a railroad car. Husband—“ aro quite comfortable, duurV" Wife ' *j love." Husband—“ Tho cushions ore ©“V*®. soft, ducky'/". Wife-" Vos, darilng." t Hurt*™ —“You don't feel ony Jolts, pelf" Wife- 4 sweetest." Husband-" And there Is no arnugu* on my lamb, is there, nngeir Wife—'' ownest own." Husband—“ Then change s with mo."— Horrid Ohio Editor. Out of tho casement she loaned aud smile Waving hwrp«my whlto hundj I lor yulluw imlr wiu tauxlod and wild— Tliusuuwiwovorilio land. , . •• dooil-by! " ohu Uiwliud. us shu tiuus him a tow* “ Muy your Palos bo over bluudl 11a prowod the Halo Uowcr-band to his Up*. Ilia oyo* **oro passlunatu-tlarkt [u liu looked al nur mourn. Ilku tho wild rot* P'P*' 110 lumrdbor volco »wool u* u lark. “ (luuJ'Uy, dour little «mo!” *oft and low, 110 Mild, M way tbo xiim Kale* bark •To a voice like your*l” tbon ho turned With a ro»tle** »Uti from her lucoi And over the *ui* crept u cloud ol may, Aud cho Summer iu*i U* anico. Auii ho wont awuy u or tbo bill* afar, Ami tbo mmdon »obbod In nor place. —l>i/<pep(<c i*o»f. > Into tbo baienicnt he boovud tbo cool, flubbing hlmtblf tbo whlloj Hu tired tbo nnibmclto through a bole. And ilowly lowered tbd pile. . tt •» Ain’t U nlco'f ” »ho cried from the kitchen Said Jlmt 1 ebuutd rather iiulle.” Ho pressed a grimy old band to bU lip*. Hl* eye* wore plugged up with duit, lie looked at her mouth-bli left boot slips And then be the eoftl-dealor cu**od. *• UosUdam thiswarrylngl" softundlow Ilesaldi "Muyllo*eoiy place " U 1 over a Dew my ion* to wed Any girl with* baby-face." -hiiL And over thd street wiled* •* waked”snowe***. And bU plug-hat bsd lo*t It* ftracet And bo went away o’er tbo backward lenok | DuUbo »maU bey wuu the race.