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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, March 14, 1881, Image 4

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MONDAY, MARCH 14, 1831,
Judge Richard Johns Bowie, Chief
Judge of the Sixth Circuit and Associate
Justice of the Court of Appeals of Mary
land, .tiled yesterday, aged .‘B. He was one
of tho*orlglimi and leading Republicans of
that State.
“At yesterday’s session of the Senate Re
publican Caucus Committee hi Washington
tho work of rearranging the Senate Commit
tees on tho basis of a Republican mnjuilty
was completed. No proposition looking to a
compromise was received from tho Demo
crats, and none will bo entertained. It Is
now regarded ns entirely assured that Ma
hone will vote and act with the Republicans
In the matter of organization.
Emiguatiun to the States is causing much
uneasiness In Canada. A French Protestant
'clergyman In Montreal complains that his
♦lock Is decimated and Ids project frustrated
by tho exodus; while in Toronto tho agents
of American railroads ana tho represent
atives of land companies in our Western
States and Territories aro successfully com
peting with Canadian railway and land
agents and turning tho lido of emigration
largely away from Manitoba and the North
west Territory.
The religious matters chronicled In our
columns this morning Include three sermons
of unusual interest—viz.; by Prof. Swing,
at the Central Church, on the ** Four Great
Tears” of President Garfield's Administra
tion; by the Rev. Dr. Thomas, at the People’s
Church, on “A Progressive Orthodoxy”;
and by the Uev. George C. Mlln, at Unity
Church, on “Truth and Freedom ”; and an
account of Uiocloslngexercises of the Young
• Men’s Christian Association gathering at
Afiughtful railroad collision occurred
at Pittsburg yesterday morning. A “ wild ”
freight train ran Into a yard train on Uio
Pan-Handle bridge, throwing several ears olt
the track and down to tho street beneath, a
distance of fitly feet. Tho conductor of the
freight train was instantly killed, and two
brukemen seriously Injured. One of the en
gineers had a most remarkable escape, being
thrown from the bridge, striking tho not*
work of telegraph wires in the street below,
thence falling on a shed, and escaping wholly
By tho erasure of cancellation marks and
tbo alteration of dates u clever swindle has
been perpetrated In tho sale of District of
Columbia bonds long since canceled and of
course worthless. One J. 0. Farnhum, who
In IB7U was Chief Clerk In onuof Uie divisions
under tho District Board of Audit, confesses
to having executed tho job, but, us Urn offense
was committed five years ago, ho will by tho
Statute of Limitations escape prosecution
and punishment for Uie crime. About 813,000
worth of tho bunds were disposed of, and
Famham Is free to admit that Ids only mis
take was In nut negotiating 8100,000 worth.
The Lenten pastoral of Archbishop
McCabe, of Dublin, Is especially severe upon
tho Ladies’ Land League recently organized
by Uio sister of Purnell. While professing
tho liveliest sympathy with the hopes of Ire
land for u lasting reform in tho system of
land tenure, tho Archbishop can hardly find
words sufllclently strong with which to ex
press his disapproval of the participation of
women lu the Land-Louguo agitation,
and, so far us he is able, he places all female
Leaguers under a sort of sacerdotal ostra
cism,—a threatened bun which is not likely
to turn from their purpose the high-spirited
women whose 1 sympathies have been en
listed in the liberation of Ireland from Uie
curse of landlordism, mid who, moreover,
are quite us competent us Is his Grace to
Judge of what a woman may and may not do
without the sacrifice of her modesty.
Tue House was nut in session in Spring*
field Saturday, but tho Senate hold a short
session. The most important thing before it
was the report of the Revenue Committee of
u substitute for Merritt’s bill to tax railroad
companies on their gross earnings, which
substitute provides that, in addition to tho
taxes now required by law, and in lieu of tire
taxon capital stock, a lax of SJtf per cent
shall be levied on all gross earning* of lines
within the State, payable every six mouths,
and providing for necessary reports to show
such gross earnings, properly verified bv
oatb ot the President and Secretary, tho tux
to become a lieu on all Die property of such
railroad, with power to levy on rolling-stock,
and if tho company refuse to make such re
port tho Auditor may add 1 per cent to such
lax, and collect accordingly. This is u very
important ijilU Tho railroads have been
greatly harassed by tho notion of llio law
taxing their capital stock, ami they have
boon in constant lint water with tho State
Kird ol FqimlUathm about the amount of.
pita! stock on which thoyshonld be taxed,
io question has never been settled either
the satisfaction of tho railroads or tho
•irlshiture. Tho Senate Itcvcnuo Com-
tco lias now proposed a simple method of
nNallon,—substituting a small lux on gross
ecelpta in lieu of the tax on capital stock.
IVe think this plan will bo satisfactory to
It is much simpter, and
io people at large,
more equitable than tho present method,
which Is dilllcult of execution. According
to Poor’s Unllroiui Manual, the moss receipts
of all the Illinois railroads for W7U amounted
to nearly sixty-four millions of dollars (Sttl,-
M2.G00), which at 2)<i per cunt as proposed by
the bill would yield to the Stateflovcrnmont,
omitting the Illinois Central, already taxed
on gross receipts, llio respectable sunn of a
million and a quarter dollars per year. It Is
nut yet learned whether any of tlio railroads
will raise objections to the Revenue Commit
tee’s amendment.
Tub policy of lenient favoritism pursued
by the present municipal administration in
Chicago toward disreputable places of resort
where liquors are sold, and tho utter neglect
by tho authorities to enforce tlio ordinance
requiring the closing of all saloons after
midnight, bore bloody fruit early yesterday
morning. At a drinking place on Wabash
avenue whero counterfeiters, confidence
men, and thieves congregate, George
.Mcßride was murdered in tlio most
brutal manner by a crime-stained
desperado named Harry Gilmore. Tho
,*j conn.
,11 couu.
.3 cent*.
.4 cauU.
murder was the outgrowth ot a pro
tracted debauch, the victim being a young
man who had gone to tho saloon ns tho mes
senger of a woman who wished him to
Induce herdrunken husband to return home.
A pistol furnished by tho barkeeper of tlio
plnCe served as the Instrument of slaughter,
and money supplied by tho proprietor en
abled tlio murderer to make good Ids escape.
The nssaslimtlon of tho Emperor Alcxan
tier of Russia yesterday will hardly surprise
the world, though It mqy none the less shock
the sensibilities of civilized peoples. The
Emperor Ims been pursued by assaslns for
nearly twenty years; frequent attests, and
of tho most deliberate character, have been
made, but all proved failures. At last he has
fallen by the hands of assaslns. The lonic*
cherished hatred of the man, the strong
feeling of revenge for deeds of barbaric
cruelty, and tho widespread belief that his re*
movnl was essential‘to any deliverance from
Intolerable oppression, have all been gratl
llcd by this successful assaslmitton. Tho
Emperor of Russia of yesterday lies a man
gled corpse In tho Winter Palace at St. Pe
tersburg; tho Emperor of Russia of to-day Is
a falr-halred young man of 85 years of age,
who enters upon his public life under cir
cumstances which foretell a popularstrugglo
which can only end In tho obliteration of a
despotism which has no modern parallel In
The murdered Emperor represented a po
litical system from which Europe had moved
away. lie was mi absolute despot He
shared the Government with no one. Ills
will was tho supreme law. lie was tho lord
of life and of liberty. Russia was one vast
military prison; the people were dependent
upon the control of an irresponsible and
absolute Government, which Government
was tho will of tho monarch. There may
have been feeble pretenses of written law,
and feeble mockeries of what are called
courts of justice: but tho law was tho will of
tho Emperor, and the Courts were but tho
executioners of tho Imperial orders.
Tho Church Is but a branch of the Imperial
army. The men In arms were tho military
agents of the despotism; the Church was tho
civic, but none tho less potential, subjugator
of tho popular Intelligence and tho popular
conscience. The bayonet and the crozler
wore alike mere weapons In tho hands of the
Government to crush out every sentiment
save that of abject submission to tho require
ments of tho monarch. However this sys-
tem may have been more or less general
throughout Europe In the past, govern
mental despotisms, outside of Russia, have
been overthrown and have passed away, and
popular liberty and popular rights
liava become too sacred for even
anointed hands to touch. In Russia,
however, there.has been no relaxation, and,
while Alexander 11. may have deferred to
the Judgment of mankind in some respects,
the despotism of Ida rule was generally ab
solute, and far more merciless than It was
when the great Catherine ruled the Empire
with an Iron hand.
The law of Russia was Fear. Xo con
lldence was reposed in the patriotism or the
loyalty of the people. Xo man was trusted.
All service was rendered through fear or for
bribes. When men are ruled by fear they
have neither love nor respect for tho person
that Inspires that fear. Complaint was
silenced by tho knout, deathly exile,
or brutal nssusinatlon. Tho policy, of
tho Empire was tho preservation of
despotism by Uie annihilation of its oppo
nents, and ns u consequence tho antagonism
to this despotism, took, of necessity, also Uio
form of annihilation of the rulers. Out of
such an antagonism, both aiming at the same
ends by tho same means, assnsinatlon became
the governing principle both of tho Imperial
Government and of the revolutionists.
In a land where there was no law and no
courts, where suspicion was promptly fol
lowed by arrest ami wholesale sacrifice of
life, revolution could only bo fostered In se
cret; Us members and agents staked their
lives upon Uio secrecy and good faith of each
other, ami how far this secret organization is
ramified through tho Russian people may bo
made public In the events that shall follow
this murder of Alexander. His death may
result In tho political emancipation of Rus
sia,—may lead to a thorough overthrow of
the existing despotism,—but certainly It can
add no new sulTertng to a nation In >vhlch
each man, woman, and child holds Ids or her
life upon tho suio will of one cruel, vindict
ive, and merciless human being.
, The Emperor Alexander some twenty years
ago by Imperial ukase emancipated about
35,000,000 of Russian ami Polish serfs. For
this he was applauded as a benefactor of his
race. It is not gracious to detract from the
merit of an act which has passed Into his
tory as commendable, but lu the light of
subsequent uvents this act appears more as
uu elfurt to strengthen the absolutism of tho
Crown, by making these serfs Us grateful
adherents, against Uie machinations of those
who had never been serfs.
Thu young Emperor Alexander 111. will bo
confronted at tho very threshold of his reign
by a popular demand for a Representative ’
Government. If true to Uie past history of
his family he will refuse, and will depend
on the force of the immense army. How fur
that army will side with tho people, and how
fur with Uio continuance of the present sys?
tern, Is a question yet tube determined. How
fur Uio stories of the personal leanings of the
now Emperor towards a more liberal Gov
ernment may bo verified, Is also a mutter Umt
must soon be made known.
There cun bo nothing more repulsive to Uio
American mind than ussaslnullon us a reme
dy fur political uvlU. Assaslmulon is cow
ardly. brutal, and unjustifiable, under any
and every circumstance, but especially so
when It strikes down tho head of a nation
and plunges an Kmplro Into confusion and
anarchy. Hindi, however, has been the con-
ilUoii of affairs in Russia, wliure ussasinailon
las been nmdo tlio rule of domestic warfare,
lint this assasiimllon must have been uni*
versnlly expected by both the victim and by
nil ns the Inevitable outcome of llio work of
annihilation so dcdlbcrntcly carried on by
both sides.
Mr. Parnell lias Indicted on tlio Kimlish
Liberals a defeat tlio significance of which
can scarcely bo overrated, and tho moral
effect of which will not bo lost on tlio parly
low In power in England, unless It is sadly
lucking in political sagacity, blinded by
prejudice begotten of Irritation, or entirely
controlled by half-hearted, feeble-purposed
party men. Tho defeat of tho Liberal candi
date at Coventry and tho election of the Tory
candidate have sent a shock through the
Liberal ranks, and many of those who have
given a thlck-nmt-thln support to Mr.
Forster’s coercion policy will pause be
fore they continue In Uiat course. At the
general election, two Liberal candidates were
elected for Coventry by majorities of ITOand
sso respectively. One of the successful
Liberal candidates had represented the
borough, which was considered a Liberal
stronghold, for thirteen years. Ills election
to the Kiiglisli Hunch created a vacancy.
Tlio Liberals put forward one of their
strongest candidates, a local man of largo
wealth and acknowledged ability, Tho To
ries put forward tho defeated candidate of
last year. The Liberals wore confident of
electing their man, ami Mr. Jennings,
cabling to tho Now York IForhl the day be
fore the election, Intimated that there was no
doubt of ids success. On Friday Mr. Parnell
Issued an address to tlio Irish voters of tho
borough. Ho requested them to vote for the
Tory candidate, and lints allow ttiolr disap
proval of tho nll-cocrcloii-uo-rcmcdlat pulley
of the Liberal Ministry. The result was
that the Tory candidate received a majority
of 4 W votes, a majority brought about by
the Irish’ voters acting on Mr. Parnell’s ad
Ah we said before, tho slgnlllcnnco of this
election cannot bn overrated when It Is under
stood that there arc in Great Britain very
nearly 2,000,000 Irish, either by birth or.
descent; that they reside principally In tho
great manufacturing towns, where nearly
every male adult Is a voter; that they aro
well organized in llome-Unlo Clubs and
Land-League Clubs; that ninny of them Imvo
been tho victims of eviction and persecution;
that they are, therefore, ardent In their sym
pathies with tho Land-League cause, are de
voted followers of Mr. Parnell, believing
Implicitly In his political wisdom (ho was
elected President of their central organiza
tion before tho Irish In Ireland thought of
indorsing his course); that In at least fifty
English boroughs they hold tho balance of
power; that Llberalcandldatescouldnomoro
be elected from those fifty boroughs without
tho Irish vote than could tho Democrats
elect a Mayor In New York, Chicago, or St.
Paul If the Irish voted with tho Republic
ans. At the last general election tho Irish
acted zealously, faithfully, and solidly with
the Liberals, as they believed that Mr. Glad
stone would, on attaining power, bring In a
liberal measure of land-reform and other
amelloralory measures for Ireland. They
sank all petty prejudices and differences,
and it Is to their active, zealous, un
flinching, unquestioning aid that the
Liberal, success lu tho general election
was largely it not wholly due. At
Burnley, theysnpported Hylands, tho Radi
cal candidate, in opposition to Talbot, a
Catholic Tory, a relative of the Duko of
Norfolk, whoso cause was ardently espoused
by the Roman Catholic clergymen. In the
London boroughs, where they aro fully one
fourth of tho population, they supported the
Liberal candidates, and tho Liberal triumphs
at Lambeth, Tower Hamlets, Hackney, and
Southwark were acknowledged by tho Lib
erals themselves to bo due to tho Irish vote.
Tho same is true of Liverpool and Birming
ham (where the three Liberal candidates
were elected), of Salford, •Newcastle-on-
Tyne, Durham, and oilier places. There are
nearly forty boroughs In which tho Liberal
candidates triumphed by majorities of loss
than 100. The Irish vote if cast for tho Tory
candidate In these places would Imvo resulted
In Liberal defeat In about fifty boroughs
the majorities were less than the Liberal
najorlty at Coventry; the Irish vote would
have turned a Liberal triumph Into n de
feat In these places. Mr. Forster could not
have been elected In Bradford If the Irish
voted as solidly against him as they will cer
tainly do when they next get tho chance.
Add to llicso facts that nine Liberals who
represent Ulster constituencies were elected
by voles which wore cast by Land-Leaguers
In the proportion of five to one; that the only
other Irish constituencies represented by
Liberals are certain to be wiped out
during this Parliament, being the rot
ten boroughs of Mallow, AthUme, Dundalk,
and the equally-corrupt constituency of Dub
lin, which has only 13,500 voters to 345,700
people; and it will bo seen that tho Liberal
party of England depends for Its very exist
ence on the suuimrt of the Irish voter, and on
tho good-will of Mr. Parnell.
Xorwill Uio redistribution of scats mend
matters for tho Liberals, Tho representation
which will be taken from the English rotten
boroughs must bo conferred on Uio great
manufacturing towns and on tho London
boroughs, where Uio Irish voters aro tho
most numerous, and the representation taken
from the decaying rotten boroughs of Ire
landmust be conferred on tho rural constit
uencies, where ninety-nine out of every hun
dred voters are Land-Leaguers. The
fact' Is, that Uio Liberal party must.
In tho future even more than In the past de
pend on Irish support. .Mr. Parnell will
have a following of atleast eighty Irish mem
bers In tho next'Parliament; there will not
be a single Liberal member from Ireland, and
if some arrangement Is not nmdu In Uio
meantime tho Liberals wilt sulfur a loss of at
least forty seats In the English mid Scotch
boroughs. Tho result of Saturday’s elec
tion at Coventry makes this certain.
Some of Uio Liberal papers have long fore
seen this. Mr. John Morley, In tho Pall
Mall Gazette, has warned the Liberals that
defeat and disaster in the English boroughs
would be Uio result of n coercive policy. Ho
pointed out to them Uiat Uie support
of Uio Irish voters was better to
Uiom than that of tho Whigs, who,
before this Parliament censes to exist, will
be shorn of their power, while that of tho
Irish voter will be increased. The Whigs
may bo satisfied; tbo Irish are certainly ex
asperated. They have been betrayed before
by tho Whigs,—O’Connell used to call them
• “tho base, brutal, and bloody Whigs,” be
cause Uioy always promised much and did
little or nothing. Not much, to be sure, can
be expected by tho Irish from Uio Tories, but
it should bo borne In mind Uiat It was tho
Tory Ministry of the Duke of Wellington
that grunted Emancipation, and It was the
lost Tory Ministry Uiat passed tho In
termediate Education act, Uie great
est boon conferred on • the Irish
by a British Parliament, for Uie Disestablish
ment act was passed rattier to please Mlall
and Uie English Llberatlonlsts than to please
the Irish, and Gladstone’s Lund act was a
Hipping, halting, If not mischievous measure.
Besides, llio Irish lenders may como to the
conclusion Hint It Is better to trusttlio “open
fin* Hum Hie friend who lies”; tlmt Lord Ileac
onslkiil, not having Inst his political au
dacity and dexterity, may after all be more
safely trusted to for remedial measures than
Mr. Gladstone and hls Whig following; that
tho Tory loader may yet “dish” the Whigs
by announcing conciliatory measures for Ire
land as part of his policy.
There Is yet u chance for the Liberals.
They can yet win back the Irish, even though
the Coercion net exists. By bringing in and
passing a thorough measnruof land-reform,
ami giving iho Irish a fair degree of local
self-government; by discarding the advice of
the territorial Whigs, like llartlngton and
llarcourt, and acting on tho advice of men
like Cowcn, Labonehere, and Morloy; by
allowing Chamberlain and Bright to have
more Inlluence In tho Cabinet, and Forster
and Argyll less. Irish voters in Knglaml may
yet be reconciled to the Liberal party, and
support Its candidates with the same hearty
zeal that they did at tho last general election.
At any ratf, and notwithstanding all state
ments to Uie contrary, Mr. Parnell U master
of tho situation, lie can unmake tho Liberal
party it It continues in Its policy of coercion
ami repression, lie cun be u valuable ally to
R If It does justice to Ireland.
A New York dispatch says:
Ron of the Board of Trade and Transporta
tion was called to tho new dangerto the com
merce of New York now* being developed In
tho transportation of grain by moans ‘of
swiftly-towed barges down the Mississippi to
New Orleans, whence It Is shipped to Kuropft
by steamships.”
Tho St. Louis .Republican makes those ob
That muoh-rldloulod revolution In tho grain
trade, which St. Louis has boon striving to etfccC
for years past, begins to look dreadfully real to
Chicago and New fork. There is no denying
tholr alarm when the New York Hoard of Trade
solemnly directs attention to the danger threat
ened its commerce. The fact Is. it Is not n dan
ger threatened uny longer, but an actual dam
age already done. Still worse, more Is nothing
they can do to atop the revolution. Grain can
bo shipped cheaper andcpilckerfromSt. Louts to
Now Orleans than from Chicago to New York,
and that means cheaper and quicker to Liver
pool, or uny other foreign port.
Wo have printed during the last few weeks
statements showing tlio departure from St.
Louis of fleets of barges loaded with grain
for New Orleans. .Some of these lloats con
tained several hundred thousand bushels,
the cost of transportation from St. Louis to
New Orleans being, ns compared with rail
freights from there to Uultlmore, hardly more
than one-third. Jay Gould, It is stated, has
furnished most of tho capital to build these
barges and to operate them, and It Islntemled
and expected to turn into St. Louis tho im
mense grain productions of Kansas, Missouri,
part of lowa, and of the southern half of
Illinois and Southern Indiana, and thence
send them to tho East and to Europe by way
of New Orleans. The transportation from
Sr. Louis to New Orleans being reduced to
the minimum, and tho facilities of handling
and shipping tlio grain at Now Orleans being
Increased, two results nro expected to en
courage tbo grain trade on tho river. One of
these is, that more can be paid for tho grain
at St. Louis than elsewhere; and, second, the
grain can bo sold In New Orleans toshlppers
for less than It costs elsewhere.
As The Tiuhu.vb has for years predicted,
tho opening and maintenance of tho Missis
sippi River route would In time become a
necessity, and that time Ims now arrived.
The exactions and confiscations by tho rail
road combinations have forced tho relief
which that route offers to the people of tho
West Tho cost of transportation being re
duced bj; that lines producers and shippers
will naturally profit by tWo greater prices
they can obtain. It may therefore bo ac
cepted as a fixed fact that tho Mississippi
River route Is now ami will be henceforth an
ever open and rival route for grain and other
Western products, especially In tho winter
and spring months. This competition will
immediately bo felt by tho railways leading
East, ami by all tho cities not located on tho
Mississippi River, and the diversion of trade
will be not only great but permanent. How
will It bo met?
Tho Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company
will bu tho lirst to feci the destructive elTeet
of tills rlver-bargo competition. That road
Is not burdened either by an enormous bond
ed debt nor by watered capital stock. It has
direct connections with tho river at St. Louis,
and thonco westward. It has connection
with several warehouses on the Illinois bank
of the river, and also at Baltimore. It has
direct steamer arrangements for ocean trans
portation to Europe. It has ult tho means
and appliances, by the use of steel rails and
double tracks mid tho other economies of
transportation, to transact ItslmslnesHcheap-
or perhaps Hum any othor road In tho coun
try. It has an abundance of locomotlvo urn-
chlnery and rolling-stock, and Ims tho great
advantage of being Uio shortest route to tho
scaboaul from tho Mississippi. But ut St.
Louis It Is confronted with this formidable
rival route, by which tho products of tho
Western Slates may bo moved to any point
on tho Atlantic or lu Europe at a great sav
ing on present railroad freight rates per 10i)
pounds. What will that Company do about.
It? Will it cling blindly to that cutthroat
fraud tho “pool”? If It do, then, so fur
us tho grain business Is concerned, It may as
well close its warehouses, sell off Its rolling
stock, and practically abandon Its Western
connections. When grain can bo sold at St.
Louis at from throe to live cunts per 100
pounds more to bo shipped thonco by Uie
river to New Orleans than can be obtained •
for It If it bo shipped by rail to Baltimore,
how much grain Is likely to pass over Uio
Baltimore & Ohio Hoad to Baltlmorn ?
The othor alternative is easily measured,
weighed, andsolved. If tho Baltimore & Ohio
Company could transport grain from UioMls
sUslppl Blver to Baltimore by tho thousands
of tuns ut tho rate of S 5 cunts per lot) pounds
(wo speak of spring and summer routes), and
this new route can muvu that grain ut a much
lower rate, what ts Uio road to do? What
will tho Company say to Us stockholders,
and to tho City of Baltimore? That It
wilt abandon tho tralllc, sell Us loco
motives and grain trains, mid toll Uio
people of Baltimore that they can have no
produce trade with the West? Or will not
that Company make a virtue nf necessity,
and, ascertaining at what rate U can so com
pute with tho river transportation that It cun
retain tho tralllc, reduce Us own tarllT to Umt
point? If tho Scents par KW pounds can
not 'compete, let Uiat rate bo reduced to ID
cents, or 17 cents, or Bl cents; let U be re
duced to whatever rate will enable that road,
with Us facilities, to maintain Its grain busi
ness despite the extraordinary reductions In
the cost of transportation made by tho system
of river and barge carriage. But It will not
be necessary to carry grain to llaUlmore as
cheapos tho bargcscanilontUtoNewOrlcaus,
because Baltimore cun pay several cents u
bushel morofor grain than can New Orleans,
us U will cost much mure to transport prod
uce from tho latter port to Liverpool than
from tho former. Still there Is no course
left for tho Baltimore Ohio Hoad than to
cut down Us freight charges on grain from.
St. Louis or abandon tho produce business,
and It Is fortunate that that Company Is so
' conditioned llnanclally that It can adopt this
coarse with less embarrassment and loss than
any uf Us trunk-line competitors.
The grain trade of Baltimore—lu fact, tho
whole Western trade of that city—has ob-
tallied such great proportions that It. cannot
be permllled to be diverted by .lay Gould's
scheme of elieaperlransporlatlonon the river
to New Orleans. It cannot, however, be re
tained unless the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad
meet the competition fairly and squarely by
a large redaction of Its own rates and give
to producers and shippers counterbalancing
advantages with those ottered by tho barges
i Now Orleans.
Such a course by Hie Baltimore A Ohio
lallroad will of necessity have an Immediate
Ifeot Upon those roads running from the
Vest to the seaboard on more northern
routes. Tho Mississippi River competition
will directly ailed every railroad running
east of tho Mississippi River to tho Atlantic.
They must all submit to a heavy shrinkage
of their produce business, or they mast
maintain It by such reductions of rates as
will enable grain-dealers to continue
shipping grain by rail to Philadelphia,
New York, and Boston at a profit.
Tho competition between tho Mississippi
River route to the Gulf and tho lake and
canal route to Now York and Montreal Is
destined to be sharp, and tho trunk-line
roads may as well make up tholr minds to
submit to a reduction that will divide their
ordinary charges by two, or abandon the
grain-carrying business from tho West to the
Bast. ‘
It Is pleasant to remember In this connec
tion that every penny taken from tho cost of
transportation is one added to tho price of
tho grain that will bo paid to tho producer.
Thorn Is no patriotism or sentimentality In
trade. That route which will pay the
farmer tho greatest price will command
tho trade, and to this Inexorable law tho
trunk-lino railroads must submit. They
must leave tho producer as much as ho can
get by tho now route, or tho pew route will
command tho bulk of the trafilc of tho Missis
sippi Valley States from tho close of lake
navigation In November till It again opens In
April of each year.
“The alien-
Tlio Rourbons of tlio United States Senate
sorely need the vole u£ Judge David Davis, _
of tlio strong Republican State of Illinois.
They met In caucus and agreed to proffer
him tlio Chairmanship of tho Judiciary Com*
mltlco on consideration of, his voting for all
their other caucus nominees. They owe him
nothing, for ho Ims steadily refused to de
clare himself a Democrat. Whenever he has
voted with the Democratic party It has been
on tho alleged ground that a careful con
sideration of tho wholo subject convinced
him that ho could not conscientiously vote
tho other way on that particular question.
Tlio fact that tho Senatorial Democratic
caucus have determined to offer Mr. Davis
the Judiciary Chairmanship shows that they
regard It us necessary to hold out some In
ducement to Mr. Davis to vote with them on
tho organization. Otherwise Uioy surely
would not deprive the entire Democratic par
ty of tho high honor and bestow It upon a
man who disclaims all partisanship. And
Oils reasoning of Democratic Senators Is
logical. There is less a question of principle
at stake In tho organization of tho Senate of
tho United States than a question of spoils.
The Senate employs a lot of clerks and serv
ants. If Judge Davis voles on tho Democratic
side these clerks and servants will bo Demo
crats; if ho votes on the Republican side
they will bo UepubUcans. As he claims to
be devoid of partisan feeling, but confesses
to Republican leanings, It becomes neces
sary, In order to secure his vote where no
question of principle Is Involved, to tickle his
fancy, or flatter his vanity, or promote Ids
ambition. Tlio Democratic caucus offer of
tho Judiciary Chairmanship Is In tho nature
of a bribe to Judge Davis, and lit this sense
It Is a gross Insult, and ho evidently perceived
that It was an attempt to bribe him, for ho
declined accepting tho offered Chairmanship
at their hands, but ho has not resented tho
Tho offer was tho equivalent of sayhnr:
“ Wo will give you one of Uio best Chairman
ships at our disposal, provided you will vote
to give ns all the other Chairmanships ami
>0 control of nil tbo patronage of tho Set
ate.” In nuother view, It was a proposal to
barter off tho Chairmanships. The. Dem
ocrats said to Judge Davis: “If you wlllglvo
us tho power by your vote to seize all tho
Chairmanships of tho Senate, we will give
you ouo of tho best of them.” Tho worst
thing about It all was that of necessity tho
bargain Is public,—open to all tho world; us
much so us If, In broad day In front of tho
Exchange, a lot of thieves should accost an
honest man lu tho street and say: “If you
wlll help us rob tho bank yonder wo will
give you a quarter of the money.” Tho
Democrats ore not a marjurlty of the
Senate (assuming that Mahono will vote
against them), and yet they get together In
caucus and parcel out tho Chairmanships.os
If they hud tho power to elect the persons
named; and then in order to gain tho power
of election they olfer the best of the Chair
manships to a man who denies that ho Is po
litically amilatod with thom.-otTer It to him
on condition of receiving his vote, for lu no
othor contingency had they anything to offer.
In view of this stale of facts, wo do not
clearly comprehend hosv Judge Davis can
announce his purpose to support the Bour
bon caucus nominees for the Senate Com
On tho occasion of tho formal election of a
successor to Urn late Senator Carpenter by
Uio Wisconsin Legislature Thursday, tho veto
stood us follows:
Angus Cameron (Hop.) 07
William !■’. Vilas (alleged 11cm.)
Tho vote for Vilas was loss than one-third,
and hardly mure than ono-quartcr, of that for
his Republican opponent. Why was this so*.*
Vilas Is an able num. He Is one of tuo best
lawyers In the State. As an orator ho Is con*
festcdly without n rival In Wisconsin. Ho
was n (rood soldier. Is personally unobjec
tionable, and has hosts of friends. Othor
things being equal, ho would make a stronger
Senator than Cameron, because tin abler and
more eloquent man, find would dll Mr. Car*
pouter’s shoos lu point of ability more nearly
than perhaps any other man lu the State.
But othor things wore not equal. Mr, Vilas
Is not sound on the main question. Ills po
litical associations oro not of the right kind;
and, if elected, he would represent and en
force views of public policy which the people
of Wisconsin do not believe in and have
most emphatically condemned. That Is the
reason why, when It came to a vote between
him and Angus Cameron In the Legislature,
the latter had a majority of nearly four to
Now, It Is true that Mr. Vilas, who In the
past Ims been regularly obscured on account
of his political associations, and now Is en
tirely out of the line of promotion, has no
mental or moral tie which should bind him to
the State-sovereignty Bourbon party for one
moment. All tho Democracy be has ho gut
by Inheritance, ills father was a Democrat
before him. So ho sentimentally Imagines*
ho Is a Democrat. He haslahorlled the name
and party prejudices. That Is the whole
logic of his position. But ho had so little
real knowledge of or affection for the
fundamentals of the Democratic party
that when the War broke out he sprang to
the defense of the Union, and as u brave and
patriotic soldier did his best to stamp out tho
pestilent heresy of Slate supremacy, which
constituted all that was ever genuine or vital
hi the Democratic parly. If ho had been a
Democrat by principle, mid lint by Inherit*
mice, ho would have remained at home,
Joined the Holden Circle, ((inseminated Cop
perhead tracts, and decorated tho eorner
groeerlcs with his cussing of tho War. In
stead of that, ho acted on his convictions,
worked with sword and volco for tho triumph
of Republicanism.—anti-slavery principles.
Whim Col. Vilas entno back from tho work
of shooting nndcrnahlmr Southern Democracy,
covered with honor ami reputation, ho ought
to have gravitated Into tho Republican parly,
where he properly belonged and bad earned
a right to be. lie owed that much to cou*
slstoncy. Asa Nationalist ho fought: how
could ho become a Htale-snpromrtey Demo
crat when ho honorably ceased to light, there
being ho longer any occasion for his serv
ices? If he had deserted, or been drummed
out, we cun understand why ho should have
gone over to tho Democracy, but ns ho came
back with Hying colors there was no excuse
for such conduct. Family memories over
came him. Ilognvoto a lower consistency
what belonged to his honor as a soldier.
Heredity overcame the scruples which he
could not help but feel, and lie ahnostcon
vlnced himself that ho believed In those nox
ious Democratic principles of State suprem
acy which his father had Instilled Into him
In his youth, but which he had fought nobly
to put down. So be became a Democrat by
prejudice, while ho remained a Republican
in principle. Still bo believed in Republic
an doctrines or ho would nut have fought to
preservo and establish them.
Mr. Vilas was quite a young man when ho
made this fatal mistake. If ho had been
older, lie \vould have been wiser. Ho saw
toolatotbathehnd blundered. When Clou.
Grant camo back from his foreign tour, and
was entertained in Chicago, who but tho
eloquent Col. Vilas was selected to make tho
welcoming speech. Being a gallant soldier
and also an alleged Democrat, It was felt
that ho was Indeed a ram «uls, and could
not bo spared from so unique an occasion.
So ho was brought down from Wisconsin,
Ilko a white swan, to give distinction to tho
feast And ho did It. His speech was ono
of tho most eloquent and appropriate that
even Gen. Grunt had over listened to.
Col. Vilas himself was so overcome by
It that report says, ho would have voted
for Gen. Grant for President If he had
been nominated. But hu refused to vote for
another bravo soldier, who was art abler
statesman and a less ultra Republican tlihn
Grant. When Qnrllehl was nominated, tho
bravo, tho witty, tho accomplished, the patri
otic Vilas slipped back Into tho Bourbon
party-by-prejudice, where ho no more be
longs than lu tho Ku-Klux Klau ortho White
League of Louisiana.
Thorn Is a lesson and a moral for young
Democrats of National feeling and sentiment
In this pathetic tale. To all such Tub Turn
vne disinterestedly says, Don’t bo a Bourbon
because your father was; or, If you must
follow in tho footsteps of your mistaken an
cestors, move to Texas or to Missouri, where
there Is some chance for a young Bourbon to
grow up with tho country.
Washington advices imlicute a purpose on
the part of the Democratic Senators to pro
pose that, If the Republicans will concede to
them tbo Chairmanship? of the Committees,
they will permit the Republicans to proceed
with the organization of the Senate. This Is
very much such a proposldon ns If Senators
Pendleton and Burnside were, discussing a
canvosback duck at Welckor’s, ami the
former should propose to divide IhoTowl'by
taking all tbo meat and giving the bones to
the latter. The Committees constitute tbo
meat of tho Senate organization, and tho
Chairman of each Committee is the carver
who reserves tho tidbits and tlio bonnes*
houchcs for himself. The appointment of
tho attaches to tho Senate—tho clerks, Ser-
Bennts-at-Arms, doorkeepers, messengers,
etc.—is a very inslgnilicnut perqulslt ns
compared with tho power and prestige that
go with tho Committees. It Is tho Commit
tees that shape legislation; report hills or
pocket them: recommend or strangle tho
Executive nominations; and tho Chairmen
nro recognized ns Urn leaders.
But there is still another consideration,
not bo generally known to tho public, which
Increases tho impertinence and impractica
bility of such a proposition ns Is credited to
the Democrats. Tho Chairman of a Senate
Committee is n luxurious aristocrat. Tho
traditions of tho Senate are peculiar. For
Instance, tho Vice-President is tho dictator
>ver tho restaurant on that side of tho Cui
tol. ilo has tho appointment of thorestan
ratcur, and it Is tho only patronage that nl
in tho Government. So tho Chairman of a
Sminto Committee is supremo in theupnrt-
incuts and appurtenances presumptively set
aside for tho Committee. The desk, the easy
chair, and the lounge are all his. No other
member of tho Committee ever dreams of
disputing with tho Chairman tho exclusive
possession and enjoyment of these privileges.
Tho committee-room Is tho Chairman's do
main. There lie transacts what private
business lie may have. If lie bo of a social
turn he has his sideboard and entertains his
friends there. Even lady visitors nro said to
bo welcomed by tho fortunate Chnlnnnn,
while tho desolate associates must either re
main m their seats or seek consolation in the
common cloakrooms. Tho Clerk of tho
Committee, paid out of Government appro
priations, Is really u clerk or private secretary,
to the Chairman. Tim Chuirmaußelectshlm,
and, us n rule, either confers tho place upon
some relative or makes thochoicoon account
of tho personal service tho clerk is expected
to render him. Tho clerk Is designed to bo
useful In tho preparation of tho Chairman’s
speeches, tho writing of tho Chairman’s
letters, and such other duties ns may con
tribute to the Chairman's convenience and
Even if the inlluonco of tho Chairmanships
of the various Committees over public atTuirs
wore to be left out of tho question, Is It rea
sonable to suppose Hint tho Republican Sen
ators with tho slightest prospect of control
ling these desirable places will yield them to
their opponents in exchange for tho crumbs
of the organization? What is tho appoint
ment of a doorkeeper, or oven of a barber
under the mime of messenger, ns compared
to the manifold privileges, and comforts, ana
perquisite which attach to a Committee
Chairmanship? The Senate is n body of
num who huvo an oblding sense of tho com
forts of life, and wiio do not asceticnlly turn
up their noses at a suggestion of tho dolce
aches to what is nominally tho second ofllco
/nrnlcnfc in Senatorial existence. All the
members ore thoroughly familiar with the
advantages that belong lo tho Chairmanship
of o Committee. Hence tho probable willing
ness of tho Democratic Senators to give up
all the other elements of organization If they
can secure the Chairmanships, but hence
also tho strong Improbability that tho Kepub
-1 llcun Senators will accept such terms If they
are In a position to control tho coveted Chair
manships for themselves.
A tiiiuAT circular panorama of (hobattle of
QravoUitto bus boon completed und placed on
exhibition In Uorlln. U represents tho moment
when tbo Prnsslun Corps of Guards aud Urn Sax
ons, having pressed round by forced marches to
tho extreme right of tbo French position, are
moving forward to tho storming of St. Frivol.
The spectator is supposed to bo standing on one
of tbo hist of (bo villages shattered uud burnt
by German shells, around him being charred
rafters and nil thodfbrls of war. The landscapo
in trim to nature In nil Its details, and of tmmy 0 f
the combatants correct. portraits nre given. Tho
urt Ist In Prof. Iltinleii.a painter of buttle sconce
who was bom In Paris In is:!;, became a ]inp]| of
Camphnusen lit Huftseldorf, and wont through
tho campaigns or Ml, iww, uml 187(1.
Speaking of tho now Secretary of Um in.
tcrlor, ex-Htmnlor Kirkwood, tho Now Vor»
Ti Umiu\ says:
When ho comes to develop hi* Imilnn poller w*
have no doubt Unit It will give earnest support tn
nil lintel lent (-irons to help tho Indians to bet-oirm
responsible, self-sustaining, propem-owm,,*
citizens. Hindi a policy will linnuesUonably hnv«
tho Indorsement of President Garllehl. The nc.
tlon of Congress, however, will ho needed to
carry It Into etfuct. President Hayes found tim
übtiisonuss nml indliroruiiuu of Congress a
stumbling-block hi his way when ho sought to
ntrodiieo new methods In tho Indian service
Public sentiment Is now so emphatfu In favor of
npplyitur civilizing processes to tho suvutres that
I •ongress will soon bo spurred up to action. Mr
Kirkwood has made n wood beginning in’
his conference with tho representatives of
tho Colorado Utes. who want to hack out of
their agreement lor ceding tliolr old rcserva*
timi mid movlmr to it now one, and set up the
pretense Unit they only bargained'to sell um
mountain lands. Tho Hecrotury told thorn that
their contract was fairly made and fully under*
stood and agreed In,-by tbolr Chiefs and head
men. and that thov would have to abide by il
At tho simin Unto ho assured thorn that If tha
now lands sot apart for thorn were riot satisfac*
lory, ami n bettor lecation could bo round iu
either Utah or Colorado, tho Government would
allow them tho fullest liberty of choice and deal
with them ht a liberal spirit. Hu thus showed
thorn that, while tho Government Insisted that
they should fullUUhelr part of tho contract, it
was willing to do more Hum carry out Its own
part. how Is a mingling of firmness, Justice
uml generosity that speukfl well for both tho bead
mid heart of tho new Secretary,
An exchange remarks:
Pwbabiv tho (Inal solution of tho South
African troubles will, sooner or later, bo found
in tho formation of a Confederacy embracing all
tho clvlli/.cd Stales hi that region. This pruou*
Bltlon was made In England before the outbreak
of tho Trnnsvnnl war. but met with little en
couragement, owing, perhaps, to tho prevalent
English opinion that all people eiijoving the
blessings of llrltleli Colonial rule ought to be
content with It till tho end of lime. There nre
civilized Inhabitants enough hi South Africa to
forma strong, self-governing Itepnblte. Accord*
Ing to tho latest stntlstics tho population of Capo
Ciduity IbCSI.UOO: of Natal 55TU,(K)U; of tho Orange
Free State, 07.000; and of tho Trans*
vmii 120,000, taking no account of tho savage
tribes. Hero, then, aro 1,008,000 people of Eu
ropean ancestry, about halt of thorn English*
speaking, who could smm bo wolded together
Into a homogeneous nationality If they had tho
tic of common political interests. There would
bo at llrst some Jealousy botweuu tho Dutch and
English elements, but it would not bo us serious
n mailer as it Is now If the Hutch did not feel
that they were under foreign rule. Tho early
English and German settlers of Pennsylvania
managed tn got along amicably together, and
tho Hutch and English aro loss diverse hi lun*
Brand customs. Thuro Is room enough la
Africa for a prosperous agricultural pop*
illation of four or-live millions, band Is ridicu
lously cheap. An English traveler who bus Just
published u book about tho Transvaal says ho
was offered I,DOJ acres of flue grazing laud la
exchange for a wagon.'
Key, of Ten
nessee, la kind enough to speak favorably of all
tlxo members of tbo new Cabinet. Ue says
lllnlno Is the “brainiest man In It"; that “Oub
Lincoln is u tine young follow"; that “Mac-
VengUlanßmnrtcbu‘p";,tUut “James Is a man
of great executive ability ”; and that “ Wtndoin
Is n careful, prudent man." Judge Key sneaks
with moderation, It will bo observed. He him*
self wont Into the Mayes Cabinet because bo
was tbo only living “Old-Lino Whig,” aipl It Is
natural that bo should look upon men with In
ferior quulillcatlou) somewhat condescendingly.
It was regarded ns an objectionable dr*
cumslanco that Uiu lobby at WiuUtluidon on behalf ut
Hanley Matthews coiialMotl of two Democratic edit
ors.—Uutti relative*.—Mr. Waltoracm, of the Conner*
JourmU, and ML McLean, eftlio Cluoiunail L'mjuinr,
— Chic, lift Tribune.
Will you kindly mention, since you are at h.
how related Wash McLean andHtanlcy Matthoai
live? Wo think it possible they once belonged to
tbo same lire company. If so. that make
John It. McLean mid llonry Watterson tlrst or
second cousins?— Cincinnati Commercial.
Cousins gormaln, you booby! Don't you know
enough to know that?
Skxatok Davis has a very curious way o!
conferring on the country a “reaplt froindh*
cord" mid n “rest from sectional strife," bj
voting to confer the organization of the Semin
and Its committees on tbo Southern Hourboni.
Judge, your pretexts are a little too tbln.
Tim Nashville American discovers that
tho ambitious young mou of tho colored race
aspire to bo preachers.
“Gath” says that in tho East public life
Isnconliiotof persons, and in the West a coo*
lllet of appropriations.
Now views of Irelandf—Terror-scoplc.
Maine hostwolve ox-Governors living. Pro
hibition doesn't seem to bo so much of aauccota,
utter all.
“Dr. Collycr says that ‘if George Eliot
goes to Hell she will change the climate.’ This
is Important if true."—Bob liujerwll.
Thu English Government sometimes dis
plays excellent Judgment. Tho Hoyton recently
arrested as a Land heugner Is a brother of CspU
lloyton, tho swimming nuisance.
Mr. Charles A. Dana, of the New York
Sun, who has teen visiting Culm for tho past
month in company with his daughter, sailed for
homo last Saturday.
Tho New York Trlbmic says Postmaster-
General James is a cheerful worker, oven when
surrounded by bores. This is tho first iiititua*
lion that tho Tribune stuff had culled batta
“ I see that Mr, Foropnugh offers n prize ol
SIO,OOO for tho handsomest woman In Amerlc*
to travel with his show. This might ho bcttci
than writing books,—but no, I will 00l keep
'some poor girl out of u chunoo to get rich.' -
Oali Aamlltoii.
She is rosy, bright, and fair,
Ami *11(1 cuts hor curly hair
l.lkon mop.
liut 1 lutu her. that 1 Co,
From hur dainty little shoe
To hurcropl
—Chicago iiallail.
A Kentucky paper recently slated that s
prominent citizen was “greatly troubled wits
insomnia." After tho editor got out of thobw
pltul ho decided to never again usounythlughu*
plain language in writing of his fellow-towns
men. Kuntuokinns are not troublodwltb educa
tion, but thoy shout straight and luko explana
tions afterwards.
To make soup u I’Argonnut: Take a palll of
water and wash it clean: thou boll it till U
brown on both sides; pour in ono bean;
tho beau begins to worry prepare It to Biltna‘® 8 i ltna ‘® '
If soup won’t simmer it’s too rieh; pour in tu
water; dry the water with a towel before j
put It in; tho drier the 'water tho sooner
browns. Bervo hot.
Riding In a railroad car. Husband—“
aro quite comfortable, duurV" Wife ' *j
love." Husband—“ Tho cushions ore ©“V*®.
soft, ducky'/". Wife-" Vos, darilng." t Hurt*™
—“You don't feel ony Jolts, pelf" Wife- 4
sweetest." Husband-" And there Is no arnugu*
on my lamb, is there, nngeir Wife—''
ownest own." Husband—“ Then change s
with mo."— Horrid Ohio Editor.
Out of tho casement she loaned aud smile
Waving hwrp«my whlto hundj
I lor yulluw imlr wiu tauxlod and wild—
Tliusuuwiwovorilio land. , .
•• dooil-by! " ohu Uiwliud. us shu tiuus him a tow*
“ Muy your Palos bo over bluudl
11a prowod the Halo Uowcr-band to his Up*.
Ilia oyo* **oro passlunatu-tlarkt [u
liu looked al nur mourn. Ilku tho wild rot* P'P*'
110 lumrdbor volco »wool u* u lark.
“ (luuJ'Uy, dour little «mo!” *oft and low,
110 Mild, M way tbo xiim Kale* bark
•To a voice like your*l” tbon ho turned
With a ro»tle** »Uti from her lucoi
And over the *ui* crept u cloud ol may,
Aud cho Summer iu*i U* anico.
Auii ho wont awuy u or tbo bill* afar,
Ami tbo mmdon »obbod In nor place.
—l>i/<pep(<c i*o»f. >
Into tbo baienicnt he boovud tbo cool,
flubbing hlmtblf tbo whlloj
Hu tired tbo nnibmclto through a bole.
And ilowly lowered tbd pile. . tt
•» Ain’t U nlco'f ” »ho cried from the kitchen
Said Jlmt 1 ebuutd rather iiulle.”
Ho pressed a grimy old band to bU lip*.
Hl* eye* wore plugged up with duit,
lie looked at her mouth-bli left boot slips
And then be the eoftl-dealor cu**od.
*• UosUdam thiswarrylngl" softundlow
Ilesaldi "Muyllo*eoiy place
" U 1 over a Dew my ion* to wed
Any girl with* baby-face." -hiiL
And over thd street wiled* •* waked”snowe***.
And bU plug-hat bsd lo*t It* ftracet
And bo went away o’er tbo backward lenok
| DuUbo »maU bey wuu the race.

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