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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, July 28, 1881, Image 4

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Dully odlUon, nno roair.... ............818.00
ruria of ft roar, per month.... 1.00
Daily nndßimdaa«>ne year. ... 14.00
Tnoadaf. Thtirtdicf, and Wntni'day. por year.. <I.OO
Monda/. Wednesday, and Friday,poryesr... Q.Oo
Sunday, 10-paya edition, per year 8.00
Onn copy, per year,.
nob nt fiTo
Twonty-ono copies.
gpeolmen copies pent freo.'
oi?e 1-oii-omco addroM In full, including County
and mate.
nemUtnncon mar be made either bf draft, express,
I’ost-Ofnco order, or In registered letter, at our risk.
Daily, delivered, Sunday excepted.*n cent# per week.
Dally, delivered, Sunday lncludod.no cents per week.
' Corner Madison and Dearborn*!*.. Chicago, 111.
EnUrtaaithtPotUOffite al ChlrayJ, III* at Srcoml
dim ifatUr.
Korlhoboncfltof nurpßtrons who da«lre tn iond
•ingle copies of TnKTnintrXE through tho mall, wo
giTo herewith tba transient ratq of pospmoi
Foreign and DomttUe. PtrCopv.
Klghtand Twelve iWo Ifcper.... .........8 coma.
butocn Dago Paper. .»»... tt cents.
the cmrAtio TrunuKE has eatabllthod branch
oflicos for pie receipt of subscriptions and advertise
tuonts as follows;
NKW voKK-Hoom pTribimr Building. y.T.Me-
oi.ASciow, Bcotland-Allan'i American Hews
Agency, 31 Kcofleld'iU
J.UNDON, Kna.-American Excbaaao, 413 Strand.
lli:miy p.Uiu.io, Agent.
WASHINGTON. 0.C.-iaiak street.
HeVlckir'i Theatre.
Madlsnp street, pelvcen State sod Dearborn.
♦‘The World.’* ______
Oroml Opern-lTonse. >
cinrk street. ppposlt now Court-Home. "The
Hoofer** Theatre.
Banflolph street, between Clark and |.a Salto.
EoKoKcment or Janie* O'Nolll. ‘‘Sarnloga."
Olympic Theatre.
Clark street, potwocp Mko and Ilandolph. ’’Un
do Tom's Cabin.'* ' ‘
pfpnalttOß Itufldlnp.
Michigan ayomio, bppoalt Adams street. Thomas
Hummer NlgUl Concerts.
‘WbUe-CMoelttiivl|i}«e?llaU Park.
ClmmjilonMilp Uase-Uall Oamo-Clovolaml vs. Chi*
enuo—this afternoon at 11:40. ■ •
Wp. Jiavo po (Jmjlit that people generally
(all except Uip privileged ones who read Thk
Tuipune) nrocompitUiilug nowadays at the
dullness of the newspapers. Put there are
compensatory advantages in such a condi
tion. The newspaper readers should take
heart in the redaction that their iotis not so
trying as that of the people who are required
to make up newspapers in a' dull season.
And thqy should ’rmnmuber that dull news
papers Indicate, os a rule, a placid condition
of society. Tills would bo a very upcom
fortablowgrld Jf newspapers wcrc.scnsntional
at all times, for jt would require constant
tumult to make them so.
Mn. CifAJii.F.* A. Dana of the Sun, fort
marly managing editor of the Nevy York
Tribune, declares that the 44 Dn to lilcli
inondv editorials printed In that paper were
not written by JtV fldwln M. Stanton, ns
stated by Tnk TunniNK, hut by tho late Fit*
Henry Warren. Tlio authority on which
they worp credited to Mr. Blanton >yas tlmt
of a gentleman who held a high ufliolni posi
tion In Uio or Department at a time anterior
to Air, Dana’s term of service there, and It
was supposed that what he stated was per
fectly trustworthy, and Mr. Dana’s positive
denial was rathor,,surprising,, Dut ns nil tho
editorials in question must have passed
through his hands, and ns there |s no piotlvo.
now for lds concealing (he facts in t|io ease;
ids statement must bo accepted, Still It is a
guiii to history to know that theso articles
wore, written by Fit* Henry Warron.
Tim succession to the vacancy ou the Su
premo Bench occasioned by flip recent death
of J ustice Clifford is already discussed by
tho newspapers. Each of tho Now England
States will present one or mnru candidates,
among whom o*-Altornoy*(loiioral ppvons
und Chlef-dpsticp Cray, of Massachusetts,
are already conspicuous. Hut If tho appoint*
ment is tp bn made from fljo circuit where
.Justice Clifford resided, the country will
ugruo more unanimously upon the lituqss of
Senator Edmunds than of anybody also who
cgn he named, ft would bo a pity, however,
to lose his eminent counsel from the Senate,
where sterling legal ability is on the wane.
Tho geographical rule hr appointments to
the Hupreinu Dench has been so much Ig
nored of late, however, that theru will be no
injustice Ip departing from it lit this ease.
In such an event there is no doubt thatJudgo
C’ooloy, of Michigan, will bo regarded «s
having high claims, and It Is possible that the
Administration will turn its gnzo in tho
direction of Illinois In view of the fact that
this State and this circuit were overlooked
when Judge Davis retired. The suggestion
that Mr. Coupling he appointed Is consider*
ably weakened ft by, that gentleman's recent
exhibitions of tomjmr and factional spirit,—
qualities which nvo certainly not adapted to
u high Judicial position,
No autumn In years has do conspicuously
justified Chicago’s claim to superiority ns n
tmmmer-rcsort as tite present season. While
reports of sweltering weather have eomo
nvl tli,considerable regularity from various
parts of Uie country during tho unttro season,
there have only been two or three
days Jit Chicago which W<uo oppres
sively or ovuu uncomfortably warm,
and for the post three weeks Utero has
been uninterruptedly .delightful weather,
just coot enough til bo pleasant ami
with none of Uio chill and dampness that
bring pu coh}?, catarrhs, and.rheumatic af
fccthma |n Uio summer season, Nearly all
tho theatres have been omm, and Uio amnse
meufa of metropolitan life hayd been com
bined with Uio cool and pure air which the
vast parks provide, The Thomas suimner
night concerts at the Exposition Building
have had but quo unfavorable evening
during tho three weeks they have been run
ning, end there Is no other city or resort on
this continent which has so seasonable, ar
tistic, and enjoyable an entertainment as
these concert* offen They have served to a
groat extent fq keep. society together, which
usually disintegrates in the summer by go
ing off u> the country or retiring to tho back
part of the .house; and very many Chica
goans who aro making desperate efforts to
keep cool and enjoy Ufa in stuffy.hotels
along beaches of hot sand will regret that
they did not remain at homo as they hear of
the pleasant nightly reunions at the Thomas
concerts, and will lay out a dlffcrent pro
grmq for next season.
Tub Taiwan ho? already presented to Its"
readers many Interesting facts concerning
the development of American railroads dur
ing lost your as shown by the advance sheets
of o t'oor’s Manual far last. 11 gome slgnlllcant
cuiunarisuns are suggested by the statistics
which are given. It Is found that tha tall
road* reitreseul uoaunally a very much
larger Investment perptlle Ip HSO than In the
nreccdlng year. The combined stock nml
debt pur mile are reported at £<10,050 for 18S0,
which Is an Increase of £1,014 in stock and
sl,s>'Vl In debt per mile. U Is not Probable
that the Increase In mileage, of which only
3.002 miles of new mad are reported lo bo In
actual operation, represents this largo In
crease gf average cost for tbo Whole system.
It Is more probable that the additional stock
amt bonds are tbo product of combina
tions and consolidations, and In some eases,
perhaps. Include extensions and Improve
ments which havn boon projected but not
yet completed. This Item shows, however,
that the railroads are Inflating ns well ns the
speculators In railroad stocks. Nevertheless,
this objectionable foatnro Is offset largely by
.8 1.50
. 0.00
, 80.00
the fact Hint (ha proportion of not earnings
to the aggregate amount of railroad stocks
was ntmost ft per cent In 1880, which was
larger than In any previous year slpcp 1873,
when the net cnrnlnirs wore ft. 33 per cent on
a valuation of 955,110 per inlto, which lias
bluro iiccp run up to 800,059 per mile* The
gross earnings (87,007 per mile) wore Ifirgor
than for any year slpco J 874, hut fell short
81,700 per iptlo of the gross earnings of 1871.
lint the expenses wore roduceil In nearly Uio
same proportion, npd the ratio of expenses to
gross earnings (58A per cent) Is tho lowest
ever reached. The average of expenses to
gross eprnlngs has been over ftl per cent Ip
tho past. This showing indicates greater
economy in the management of tho railroad
business, ami, if piajntalncd, It will be tho
most solid basis in the future for.good prices
for railroad stocks.
There Is good ground for hope that the
President will recover. It Is plain tliut the
consulting surgeons, Agnow ami Hamilton,
havo great conlidoncc hi a dual fgvorublo Is
quo of Uio case. After Uio operation of Sunday
which relieved tho pus cavity. Dr. Agnew
spuko very oncmireghig|y t end on Tuesday
Dr. Hamilton spoke with very great couth
dunce mi tho subject. Dr, Hamilton evi
dently found tho President stronger than ho
expected strnneer than tho average
of patients would ho under similar circum
stances. Ho says: “Instead of being weak,
when lie saw mo Ip tho room yesterday
morning (1 was standing at tho head of tho
bed the bettor to observe what was going on),
10 President piit Ids hand hack over Ids
head to take mine, and said, cheerfully,
4 How are you, Doctor, tills morning V’ The
stories of oxtrenm weakness arc, therefore,
groundless,” in answer to the question,
—“ Could the President bear a second opera*
tlonV”-T-l)r.llomlltoii roplieil: “1 think he
could bear six operations or more of tho
diameter of the one just performed.”
If wo mo to believe Dr, Hamilton,
anil he will bp believed. Urn assertion of 44 an
army olllcor who has a room at the Whllo
House with (lon. Swaim, hut wlio ttoij’t want
to he quoted,” that tho President ‘’can’t raise
ids arms,” must bo set down ns false. It is a
rensonublo probability that tho “army
o|llcm ” who "rtbn’t want to bo quoted” is
44 short” mi stocks In Wall Street. Hoanyai
“Thu people generally don’t realUo how
sick u nian Mip President is. ,iip is very
weak; tie is pale, thin, and haggard.” No
doubt he Is ,4 very weak”; no doubt ho is
44 pale, thin, mid haggard.” Jlnt Dr. iiumil
ton says: “lie is pot much changed.”
The'Prosident has not snocumbeit to the
usually UamQrali/.ing effects of diseMb pain,
mid suffering; Im Ims not surrendered to the
enemy which Is tugglmrht ids vitals; Ids
brain Js clear, anil his wfll-iwir is unhn
l.ulied, Tim surgeons know the valno of
these elements ip tho easo, and ))r, Hamilton
declares cpnllduntly that The president can
bear ■ many operations of the character
of that performed on Sunday. Tim later
dovalopmquta of the paso )mvo convinced
l)r. Hamilton that tho ussaslu’s bullet did
upt peijctralo.tho :President's liver. Ho evi
dently tiiipks ho knows very nearly whoro
t|m bullet is, and this factor adds to. the do-,
greo of cpplldenoc lie feels In a favorable
Issue of the case.
A careful examination and analysis of the
ofilclal bulletins of Tuesday show that there
was no warrant In the actual condition of
the president for 1 the very alarming reports
ho widely circulated on that day, While Urn
surgeons were employed in removing bits of
honu from Urn wound, and while
tho President was bearing the operation
bravely, heroically, speculators woro In*
dustrlonsly circulating false reports In
regard to his condition. Those speculators,
perhaps, did naLwlsh Uie President to die.
but they wlsheir tp .have the price of stocks
dealing In a word, they wanted to make
the country believe .that the President was
much worse*—ln point of fact Umt 'ho
was about to dle,-lu order Umt they
might reap a profit. They arranged a sys
tem of lies by telegraph In order lo cheat
the community. They wanted to convulse
Uio whole country with alarm in order to
niuljo money. They wanted to frighten peo
ple in order to Induce them to part with
their property at ipas than Us real or market
value,"|t wim a scheme of the “boars” to
make money out of the “bulls” by lying?
that’s alll Qf course, Urn “hears'' will ex
cuse the net by declaring Umt the “bulls”
are lit the habit of lying to raise the price of
stocks; Umt they would have played tho
anmo trlpk Had the. opportunity presented
Itself; mid they will pQitclmlo wUlt mi air of
triumph by Urn Innocent inquiry whether
lying la any worse morally In “bears” than
It U in “bulls.” Everybody will »ay, “No,
certainly not," and Uie “hear” will jhlnk ho
hos umdo out his ettse, and wall for another
opportunity to get oven with the “bulls,” by
Hut docent people, who are not specula
tors, will conclude that operators on tlio
stock Exchange, or anywhere else, who
seek to Intlneneo tho markets, up or down,
by publishing and circulating false reports,
are vogues. The man who wished Tuesday
to have the public believe that tho President
was about to die, In order that ho might put
money In Ids vockot, may well bo suspected
of entertaining the hope that the President
may die to-morrow In order tliat ho may put
more money In his pocket.
There Is no meaner offense morally than
that of lying. In respectable business circles
the word of the known liar Is no better than
the bond of Die bankrupt. But tbe status of
Uio llgr Is much lower than that of Uie bank
rupt, (or the former is an object of universal
contempt, while the latter may be respected
by his associates, What, Uien,*UUie proper
estimate to bo placed umm the character of
the Wall-street stock speculators composed
of two parties, of whom tho bulls say Uie
bears are liars, and the boars retort that Uie
bulls aro liars P
It Is it grievous circumstance, and a clan
gorous circumstance of tills wl)d, reckless,
ami lying speculation, thotno calamity or
misfortune, however widespread, serve* In
the least degree to restrain tha cupidity and
nvatlco of the Wall-street gambler* If a
life stands between them and the gain u(I
per cent Urey strike it dawn with a telegram;
whether false or net dees not matter pro
vided It U believed. Nor does It make any
difference If the whole oaunlry Is at the mo
ment praylug for the preservation a( that
Ilia. They seek to coin each agonising groap
of the President Into money; they distort
his symptoms aud trade on the terror aud
grief which their lying reports Inspire. The
whole country walls arid hopes for tire ns
eovetyof the president, but the Uttlo;eet«ile
of Wall-street gamblers count Ills pulse
heats ns they would count void eagles nml
Iry to cheat while they count.
The Invention of tbo French chemist,
Carrico, of the thermophore, an Instrument
for storing no heal, the details of which were
printed In the last Issue of Tin: Thiiiuni:.
will, If these details are correctly slated, rev
olutionise the beating processes nf the world
jq, Cnrrlfiro, by means nf highly polished
mirrors, professes to ho able to focus mid
collect ttio heat of (ho sun on thin plates
made of trldto-ptntinum, which are placed In
n steel box, tbo plates lining separated from
each other by sheets of extremely tine silk
saturated with non-conducting liquid oxygen.
As soon ns the required temperature Is at
tained, these plates, each surrounded by Us
film, are packed away hi boxes. The heat ts
afterwards set frgn by the withdrawal of the
protecting films. Tim magazines for storing
away thn heat can (ic made of any size, and |t is
claimed that a single small one, say a cube
two Inches square, will send forth grndii-.
ntoil heat enough to warm an ordinary ilwpll-*
tng-honse throughout ttie longest winter. If
this story ha not a French canard, it will
appal the hearts of conl-dcnlprsniid fill wood
yards with consternation, for solar heat costs
nothing and pan. supply the world until Its
heat-producing capacity |s exhausted, and
after that time all the coal and wood In the
world would bo of no account ns fuel. Re
sides the uses of Die llicrmophcre ns a bent
magazine, It Is apparent ut once that Jl wilt
grenfly stimulate (ho trade In looking-glasses,
and will develop a new Industry In onr
Southern States. In the >for|)i there
are during the summer a few days
when thermophores could ho con
structed, tint ju the South all sumpicr
long the people would he oulleotlng mid slor-
lug up heat for colder hllnmtos. It Is some
what dillloult to believe tho story that auf|l
cient heat can bo kept In a box a foot .square,
which, If turned Into work, could pick up a
mass of rock weighing 1,500 tons ond throw
It four times ns high ns Uio Himalayas, but
In those days of marvels lie Is a |*a.ih innu
who anlfts at any womlor In the world of
science, It is to bo hom’d tlio story Is true,
and that suffering mankind will sormhavo
aii opportunity to gloat over the ruin of the
remorseless cool-dealors* who have so Ion?
hold It In their gripe. There can bo no pos
sibility of combinations or corners on
solar hoar. It will free paterfamilias from
the grinding despotism of furnaces that
won’t hunt, from the back-breaking
and arm-disjointing tyranny of stove-pipes
that won’t flt, and from waterhacks that jvill
burst. If tho Frciicli cliciqlst has really dis
covered a method by which tho householder
can bring homo his entiro winter’s fuel in a
little box In ids vest pocket ho will not stop
to see whether ho can throw 1,500-ton rucks
four times as high as tho Himalayas, but lib
will riso up and call tho inventor blessed mid
glvo him tho highest niche among Um bene
factors of mankind.
What Is known ns tho liberty of tho press
is oup of the most recent us well as one of
tho fliost snored rights of the people. This
Privilege has iimdo more-progress lit Um
United States, limn under any other of tho
constitutional Governments, indeed, tho
luxury of a free press, defended by political
parjyand guarded by the jury, lias been op- 1
Joyed so generally and abundantly by the
American - people during the present genera
tion they scarcely appreciate It nt Us full
value. A recent occurrence In Vienna
serves to illustrate the advantage of tho
American system, which permits of no
censorship over tlio press, and holds nows-
papers to account only for defamation of
character ami actual damage to pflviUo Inter
cats ns ndjmlgnil In tho Courts.- There U hi
tlio itlmplru of Austria a (lormau party amt
u Bohemian or Czech party, growing
out of tlio conglomerate character of tho
population. Tho nice differences have run
high of late, ami brought on llerco political
contention In local ami national circles, llo
contly meetings have bwm hold by the Gor
man element, at which tho Bohemian en
croachments wore severely criticised. Aoor
responding Issue lu this country would bo
given groat prominence In tho dally papers.
Tho mootings would bo reported in full, and
editors and citizens would comment thereon
In any tonus they might soo lit to uso. In
Austria the newspapers confined themselves
to single paragraphs, barely noticing tho pub*
tlo meetings, and oven for tills all tlio Issues
of the dully Journals in Vienna woro seized
and confiscated the other morning, with the
single exception of the iVelc Prcsflo, which
had prudently omitted all mention of tlio
Czeoh question. The people of Umt groat,
lively, bustling papllal, boosting of its devo
tion to culture, art, and picture, submitted
lamely to a whole day’s obscuration of tho
nows of the world. A special dispatch from
Vienna to tho London Times of July 13 de
scribes the situation ns follows:
The wholesale confiscation of tho Issues of tlio
papers yesterday, following ti number of partial
oonflsentloDS of almost dally occurrence, not.
only m tne Capital, but In various provincial
towns, and extending us It did oven to papers by
no means hostile to tho Administration, tuts
• naturally directed nubUc attention tu tho nnom*
idle* qf this state of things, and tu tho awkward
poslttontu which tlio Austrian press baa to fulfill
Its duties. Most’of tho confiscations woro due to
aronortwhloh was published of tho mootings
wbleb were lately convened by members of Par
liament and corporations, and tho resolutions
passed there. The press has consequently to
nhooHo between two alternatives, It must either
bo silent about news evonlsof this kind, or must
hear the eousoquoneos. As a (natter of taot,
with regard to tho manifesto of the Gorman
party Ip Prague, the papers htidenmlnated every
passage containing an attack upon the Otwerit
inunt. ood had applied self censorship al«o-?otbo
report and resolution? and ua tho decision at the
Court of Justice approving or disapproving the
confiscation has not yet been given, most or tho
, papers declare themselves quite unable eum to
gucas what words or phrase may have prompted
the confiscation.. The result ut this Is that the
Shave given dp publishing such maul*
ms, and only mention them in short par*
a, .
AVltu die exception at England and Swit
zerland, the people at Europe have not yet
advanced to the proper conception ot n (coo
Ptc»a. In all other countries, even theca
which have adopted constitutional -govern*
moot In (ptm, Uiurals a censorship at some
kind or other. Indemnity lands are required
train publishers In advance to meet Hues that
may he arbitrarily Imposed for Infractions o(
Indeterminate and variable rules, and editors
are constantly subject to Imprlsouuient and
entire editions liable la conUseatlon ter the
most trilling and Inconsequential pnblloa
(lons. The traablo Is with the people. They
have not yet learned that a tree press Is one
of tha dearest liberties of thn citizens, The
true newspaper Is edited by the publle much
ntere than by any Individual, It Is
made up from tha happenings o( the
day, All contribute to It who pay or
da anything worthy of general attention
or apoouling to public Interest. The sun.
Ptessbm of a newspaper Is an invasion el
Uiepubmi right,' It U an anuuuuaeiaeiii
that the publle shall pot be Informed, slml
net read, or publish, or think for Itself,
The tine or Imprisonment of an editor, ex
eopt tor some flagrant or ntailclona assault
upon private Interests and after a trial be
fore a Jury, Is not merely an Individual
wrong, but q high-banded attack on tbo lib
erties of the people whom ho represent*
Thu pcwstuipur la the public repository of lip
formation mid popular uplnlfp. When U Is
farblddeu tu ohronlule (ha proceedings of
publle gatherings and to rctlcct the senti
ments of the parly or faction which it rep
, resents, bo Its constituency large or small,
one of tho bulwarks of freedom is undor
inlnotl, and death to Intelligence and free
(bought is proclaimed.
There arq pn popular rights whorp thero Is
not an absolutely freo pn*s, accountable to
the taws of public morality and public safety
pnly ns Individuals are. Thorn can bn no
free discussion under any other conditions.
In this country .tho freedom of political
parlies and tho guarantee of a jury trial nro
Po\V so wellMssurod In most sections (hot tho
liberty of the press is well protected against
tho tyranny of oniclal and Judicial power
amt ngnlnst the menace of mob violence. Tho
Democratic parly protects its press against
tho possible persecution of tho Republican
party on (recount ofits criticisms mid opin
ions. Ho Is the Republican press protected
against Democratic persecutions, and so are
tho newspaper reprasentattvesof all political,
religious, social, professional, and business
factions, Tho only exception ID found In tho
intolerant and bulldozed sections of the
South, where, In proof of tlip theory wo have
advanced, all political ami social freedom
Is under tho* constraint of violence
and iuppocraey, Tho Judges who would ho
inclined to cling to tho traditions of the Unto
when newspapers werfr treated as enemies
of governmants ami of oillcoholdcrs arc kept
In check by tho Juries of newspaper readers.
Not a day passes when tho dispatches from
Kurppu do not contain* sopm Information
which should make every oltizon of this
country thankful for ids American heritage,
and no feature of'this current Information
should create such general satisfaction ns tho
contrast between tjio conditions which govern
tho European and American proas.
Tlw report pt the Nnllomil Coinmlltae on
Education In England for 1880 has Inst made
Its nppearanpe, anil contains soaio vary Inter
esting statistics ns to the progress of popular
education In England and Wales, especially
since 1870, when tlio Gladstone Education
not wns passed. Trior to that than educa
tion was private and sectarian, amt tho
schools wore in a condition hy no menus sat
isfactory. The priests of various denomina
tions wore In charge of die schools, and they
draw h small amount, from tlio Imperial
Treasury, besides tho “ rates” derived from
taxation, hut tlio Immense Increase which
has been made since that time shows how
deficient t||o schools were. Now education
Is compulsory. Parents limy send their chil
dren to private schools, hut they must send
them to, soma elementary sellout to aconlre
the rudiments of an education, and, os chil
dren are not allowed to work In factories
until they are 13 or 14 years of ago, tlioro
Is an opportunity for pit to go to school,
As compared with her present advantages,
England was then In the Bark Ages. In
1870 thorn wore 8,381 schools Inspected I in
1880 the number peached 17,748, In 1870
accommodation was provided for loss than
3,000,000 children, and now thoro Is ac
commodation for 4,3.70,000, The average at
tendance In lain was t,|o3,tißPj lost year it
was s,7ao,oip.
The details fer tile year 1880 are quite ns
Interesting ns tho statistics of progress, and
show that education hi England and Wales Is
fully up to t|io standard of education Indio
Northern States o£ this country. The total
number of 4,380,000 children In school put of
a population of 33,000,000 will compare very
favorably with our own school attendance,
for It must ho remembered that education In
the Eolith Is still very backward. Since 1870
there has also beep a doubled Increase
In tho pfiy and prospects offered to teachers,
and this lias increased tlio supply of compe
tent candidates. There arc now 8),433 tcaohi
ers, or one to about every too scholars, main-,
lyrocrulted by the training colleges. -Mure
than 70 per cent of the masters and CO per
cent of the mlstrjss'fi? pass through those
colleges,'. Out of-sonip. 18,000 masters, there
are 1,000 who are earning mere than
81,000 per annum, and out of 8,000 mistresses
there are about 800 earning the aaiuo. Tho
Increase pf salaries Is thus stated: *'Tim
average salary of a. certificated master, widen
In 1870 was 8475,.1s now 8005; that at aachopl
mistress was SSaj'-'and la now ?300, and
about aae-thlrd of .the whole number uro
provided with houses rent free,” When It
Is considered that those apiaries aro estimated
■upon Urn whdle of >the teachers, whether
principals ar assistants,it will be seen that the
rate of salary compares very favorably with
that paid In this country, This progress In
education has net been semirod, however,
wlthqutacortospoiHjhtglno'rease In expenses,
and this Inorenso has been so great lu London
that it has aroiigcrl much criticism and com
plaint, Tlml,ondoHTlnic»i however, thinks
that tlio maximum coat has been reached
and passed, for " while Urn average cost of
tlio mahitenanoo of board Softools Inoroased
slightly, the ratepayers In England and
Wales wow called .upon to contribute
:is7>{d per child less than thq average sum
contributed in 1875-’O," In the voluntary
school in is roughly ostlmated that a child
costs labout 810 pur annum to educate In
I.ondon, and elsewhere about 88. In the.
board sahaols lie costs 818, and elsewhere
from 80 to 813. Theentlronmomitexpondod
upon education la thus estimated by the
Times; Contributions by voluntary subscrib
ers, 88,739,0301 levied by rate, ?B,iiso,ooaj con
tributed by fees, 87,130,0001 total (lovornraont
grant, 9t0,000.QQ0; total about 835,000,000, • It
will he observed that lit almost every detail—
In the rate of attendance, compensation of
teachers, and expense of education—England
and Wales compare very favorably with this
country and with Germany, In Scotland
also the schools are In a very favorable con
dition, while In Ireland they are now more
i prosperous than tho schools In our Hontheru
11 States, ' ' ’ '
Tub secret history has Just come to light,
ocoynliwf to tho Sun Fronolapo Coif, of the uujro*
Nations, which were almost successful, by
which, u Is alleged, Kttujr Knlnkauu intended to
dispose of hU hlrihrhrhtt Ute Kingdom o( lU*
wall, (or a 9T,00Q,00Q mots of pottagot .
Cmsar PoUq Moreno. who oonniml somo notot
rloty not long ago l»t SttD'VmnoUco In oonuec
lion who tho Chinese steamship lines, was father
oof the project,-and succeeded In Inducing the
King tu consent to It and empower him to carry
it tu completion. The plan was that tho Chinese
steamers wore to Import os sueodily as possible
1.000.0uu Chinese subjects (nut the islands, aud
those wore to be taxed 97 ahead, thereby ruts*
»ug|7,000,000. Immediately tho Minister of tho
Interior was to Issue a .proclamation declaring
all persons pn tho Island cltUens who wlsnoutho
franchise* Tho government was then to pro«
claim to the people (bat > It was favorable to an
annexation with Chino, aud call upon (bo poo*
plufura popular expression on tho miuatloa.
The I.QUO,(XU ooollua would outvote all the other
population, andtmiurally would vote fur annex*
aUou. Tho 97,000,000 bead'lax was to bu tb«
price, and moro was probably tu bn paid to tho
islands. Moreno’s mission was to withdraw tho
fureltrn Ministers,, When this
conspiracy was discovered the wealthier portion
ot (ho foreign residents brought every Influence
to bear, ana tho King was forced to dismiss the
übJcotlonaUlo portion of hfs Ministry andjrovoko
Worcnos opmmlasiuh, and thus ended, for too
present at least, tho attempt at turning oyer to
China the (Jandwloh Islands.
.'Vim pi, lamia olobe •ttys that tlilnjnln
Mluourf am much tba aiioa pa they were forty
years ana lit Urn Houlbwaoh whim a band of
hbibwaymon operated at will under ana Jobu A.
■ With bwubiiiartsra In Arkansas, near ibe Mia*
alailpol Hlver, tab ganjraanld oyorruo that
Plate I,mil, MluTulpol, tomimwoc, Uwugla. and
even Louisiana, One or lb. moat onulda aouroea
«iib.lr Inoamu vnutha •iclUig of uearoea.
Tba. tfurrull would pa to -a iilKUtdUiui, and, tlr-
IngbU oyo on a JlkoTy uapm, oar.u«da aim to
rati away with him and 'Ter kloueir he mid In
navenil pluoe., repeating tna runaway trick
aaek time, noth kidney eoouun wa. ralmd to let
in.uavo ku rruo with a to eraldo oumootoiioy.
?’h. MaveJl.louod and •wallowed Urn Hall, Ha
ollowed Murrell and WM sold two or three
limes at non or tieo, .and when he badeervod
, bis maater'a peryeoe bo was tod te lema dole*
Ifttn plauo and idiot. lint nugro-sloaling was
only a part of the bnslnc*a of Murrell’* gang.
Counterfeiting and highway robbery won? yulto
nn tniioh In thnlr lino. Tim distinguishing font*
uro of that banditti organisation lay In thin:
that it roally was an organization, having ono
Mum) anil otwylng its mandates Impliedly.
Wp hftvo a similar organization nr bandits in
Missouri now. They do not so much stop trav*
biers on tho highway,lt Is irqe, hut. In smirch of
inoru romunorntivo game, they burglarize hanks
pud rob railway trains. Tuoy go wltcro they
ilcaso, and do what they please. sum that if
hoy got into any diilicuity thorn will tic nithcr n
softhearted Oovurnor or a thoroughly loyally*
minded Supreme court to holp thorn out of It.
They uro now in Kansas City, and noxtdaylu
Now Madrid. Tliolr tactics aru tbo snmo ns
those of tho guerrilla hands that now devastate
nil of Kronch Northern Africa. . Thoy separate
n wido*apnrt directions, thou gather again at u
preconcerted soot, commit the - Intended out*
rages, and again sopnmto. It |s the Napoleonic
system cnminlnfuir.
Is there no wav of breaking up the organlxn*
Ion? ThoMurrott gang cams to nn unit by ttio
tireless exertions of a Mr. Hluwart, who would
i mvndnys bo cnlicti a dotoetlvo, and prolmbly
i esplsed as such. Uutnt (but thno thoy had no
t oicetlvosystcrr] In tbo country, and what dun*
gora Stewart underwent wore not mot by any
consolntory roWnnt nyeopt the approval of his
own conscience.. Tho most disgraceful feature
of our Missouri robberies, train, bank, ood ofh*
cr wise, ii) this > that there seem to bo nn mourn
our Stale willing to rlsHtbolr lives to bring to
bay tbo scoundrels who continue to disgrace it,
Mits. Edwaiuis. Oio novelist, writes to tho
London Times suggesting a novel plan whereby
English authors may acquire' copyright |n tho
United states under tho existing law. Her prop*
osltton Is that tbo foreign author soil half bis
book to an 'American and half to an English
publisher. Suppose, for Instance, tbo author has
completed a novo) of I,SOD manuscript pages. Lot
li(m sol) 000 upgofl to Hurst & Ulaokutt, of Lon
don, and 000 to Harper & Urothors, of Now York.
Then lot the book bo published simultaneously
by both houses. Pirates in 'either country, says
Mrs. Edward*, would bo free to reprint the part
of the story published In tbo other country, but
ns this license would apply to opty half tho book
tbo practical olfcot would be to prevent tbo
publication of tbo whole or any part. In this
way, she continues, might English authors no*
quire protection (u the T7al)£d States. “Thorp
is bat one objection to Ibis scheme," says tbo Now
York J/cmW,— 1 “ It Is utterly worthless. Undor no
circumstances will American copyright vest In
a literary work of foreign authorship under tho
present lawt Tbp only method of securing this
end Is by a now law or n treaty." .
Bays a dispatch from Geneva to tho Lon
don Tba<A of July 1-1; “Not for many years
*lmvo tho crops of all sorts In BwhaorJand And
tho adjacent districts of Franco, Germany, and
Italy boon In so ppiondld a condition as they arc
at present. Thera Is every promise of u most
bountiful harvest, and tho sulllolont yet no£ too
heavy rains of tup last few days pro a good
augury for tho autumn bar ovops, on which tho
peasants depend for much of their winter fod
der. Tho condition of the vines is equally sat
isfactory, A.fow districts have suffered from
tho storms, but their area has boon fortunately
so restricted that they paupot materially nlfcot
tho general result." L
The Now York Tribune anxiously asks:
Where Is Pnmey? When last heard from ho
han sighted tho I3mpl|iM»nd bad seated himself
to await ft* approach. Thoro being a hid now
ho uan oupio-iurward pnd tu)l us tho position of
tho Empire at lh)q'mompnt. It would be well to
let the people have a hint of Us Approach. If it
wore to enlnu upon us unawares tho surprise
might bo too grout to bo borne.
A London paper naya*tliat Tonnyson’s
head la wider than Gladstone's. This Is rough
on Gladstone. ‘ .
A convention of lawyers Is to bo held at
Atlantic City In August, and the water sharks
are gelling rogdy to leave. '
The Kansas City Tiirww publishes tlio size
of gloves worn by tho bodies of that city. It la
thought that tl\o Cincinnati papers will enlarge
opd do tho saw? thing.
An American girl In-Columbus, 0., has
married A Chinaman. AS ho does nil tho wash*
big and conking, the Ohio young lady has done
bettor than most girls.
Tlio Cincinnati Ornette says " puffs of mull
and tulle Illusion in tho peek bid fair to take
tpe place of plpatlngs and ruches," Ohio editors
don’t miss many points,
Mr. Tllden Is nt Longllrantjh, JIo must
Iqok cute when ho goes In bathing, and tho wjjd
waves aro saying that ho ought to marry and
settle down, fmdoM. of romplug about in bis
boyish, oaraloss way.
AH-JSngllqhmnn who lias published Id? ob
servation* <lur|ner a trip |n tbp United Slates
concludes that tbo moat striking and thoroughly
American oharuotorp ho saw were Hob Ingersoll
and MaudS. My, Beecher Is not getting a fair
show this season,
A saying of Abd-cl Katier, the grant Arnb
Chief and patriot; *• Woman Is like tho down
from a swallow's breast,—too light to fall to
earth, too heavy to rlep to boqvon." It was
lubky for Mr, Kador that Oa|l Hamilton did not
visit Algeria during tp* lifetime.
The Jfow York Trllmnc takes half a
column In which to describe tbo bathing-dresses
worn by tittle girls at tong Branch. Tbo bath
ing-dresses worn by llttlo boys in Chicago nro
not quite so complicated. They consist umlnly
of a sunburned bade and a Btouu-brulso on each
heel, * .
In ft letter to tlio translator of his work,'
rrof. Von Holst, the wpll-kpqwa Qormau pub
licist, says; "That ipqrusowlth tbo Intonsost
anxiety tbo development of tbo tragedy in
Washington, I need not toll you. Whatever tbo
fnto of Mr. Garfield may bo, I hope and trust
bis blood will make tbo seeds of CjvUtßorvioq
reform thrive.”
“Lovely day, Mrs, Jones.” ‘‘Yes, Mrs.
Smith, very lovely.” ”Up dpllgbtfiil, too,”
“Yos, very delightful.” vithlnk.ao, loo,"
“Good dav, Mr*, Jones,” ''Good cjay t Mrs.
Smith.” ”Uopo you'll got homo nlooly."
"Tbpnk you; samp to you.” "Good day,"
“Good day.” “Ob, give my lovo to Busan,"
“Yos, I wlllfgood day.”
Tim Dean Stanley hwl nmcli experience
as a Journalist, With Matthew Arnold and
BltsJamos Stephen bo was for several years ouo
of tbo loader writers or the I*iUi 4/aU Qfcctu.
lUgbicoaraphyw«« bard to* iloglpbor. U u
that only two porsous, ox*Gov. Blcoaud tho
Bov. G. B. Bills, wvro able to rend a Inttor which
tbo Doan wrote to a Boston friend after bis visit
tq this country, • ,
Tiw Uqii. a. 11. BtroiwiiMVM oiiqq making
an eloquent spoeab (n Georgia, when among bis
llstonfsrs appeared Mr. Gentry, of Tennessee.
Delighted with tbo spooob, but moved with pity
for tbo loan, sallow, half-starved appearance of
tbo mt|q invalid speaker, the sturdy Tennesseean
exclaimed* ” hots catch him and take him to
-thomountains, and feed blm and save him for.
bis country and bumunltyl”
' Quoon Ylotorln went through a pleasant
little ceremony lately when the boys of Christ's
Hospital, of tbo foundation of KlngObarlesll.,
wont to Windsor to exhibit to her tboir drawings
aud charts. Tho young followsJtad lunphcoq in
tho dlnipg-rwm, and then each pf iho forty was
formally presented to l*e Quean. After that
each hay In ipcnesifon laid bis drawings aud
charts before her fur luspueUop, and the kindly
lady selected four which ospoolstly pleased bur.
"Sa jfQU’r# not koldk to marry Hnu Jlm-
kin,' dauibler, tbmiirh yon know my boart I,
•ot on Uu, matcti," lUiniJoroil Blr Hornitulnto,
in. dairy kina, to kl, aon, t«m Norton, in. or,
(moor of yellowßprloki.' "No, ilr, 1 ' meekly ra*
oiled in« ymioii men, " And, «lr," re,ml ■I bo
a>a>i»raled father, "may I aakwby you 4,r0
tbua to thwart my■ exprooaod will?" o ye., Mr,"
aald bl, >on, In »low, f»lpt veloo, like n Joko be
torn breaktnal, "booama I Mkod hor, and mo
ao!4 ebo'4 ratber marry a pump*loir, for braloa*
than ooybu4y In tbla family," " Ahl" oxolalnio4
Hlr Uarmaouko, with a India* InUeoUou, an 4
then be runted away te the new Aynblte aew in
tbenernoraf tbalqi,and»ald,ln tba voieoof »
tbnndar*obnidi 'illuddap yor foot, ya fur*
lalbullmpof a ibutlo nateb, or I'll knock tba
•tunin' oumn ye with a imok’yekol" And bla
own mu know that tho nroed-apitKoU 9)4 man
waa Waking of hari-Qiilibi,
roorla JYuneortpt (flop.) I Thereto neither
dignity nor good oenae Mi porpoiwmger om
pioylim tba Ronaanaioal niakaameatbatorW*
uatad In Urn polities) rmnlnst at Albany, hot
snob ahaurd and roeanlngleu traib a. tba apl
thota *1 Buo&'to ppatbarhoad.,*' o llalf-Braeito,"
out,, ba dropped at onw and forever, ■ ,
Minneapolis TrUmnO lUep,)l (Soma rem
nant of tba "Stalwart'! wrack bow pokea hi.
bead apapiMtloally above wator and auaaaau
that Oonkl log auoueod Clifford, on tba Puoremu
tleoubi .Tbla nual ba aa u» tbaary that aa
Itoacou has rnoolved bo much and so strict Jus*
lieu rcitnnlly lie mint Imvn u good deal of «fXcol-
ImaL niiiilllv to spsrc, and ticnon would make a
good fll#M»r*nor*r of tlio article.
llaltlmoru /ImiTlcvm; If “tlio heart of tlio
Nation ’’ can “help tho old soldier to act woll,"
then recover ho will, for surely never In tho his*
tory of any people has there been such nn ex*
hiblUon of tender solicitude for tho presorva
tlon of a man’s life ns Is witnessed now through
out tho length nn'Vhrnadth of tho Union. It is
nut a sickly sentimentalism, os somo shallow
critics would Imvo us believe, out thn yoorning
of Into affection and tho expression of real de
Cincinnati Gazette: Wo thought this coun
try was peculiarly wild In regard to Jolot-stpok
companies until wo glanced at tho (olllc)ul. ad
vertisements (n tho Imndun papers. If our pep
piu nro a trltto wild (ho Khgllsh aro not far from
crazy, rorlmus, however, tlu?y nro nil rushing
ahead In (bo nigh road to prosperity. It occurs
to ns to remark, at thn simo time, (hat If all tho
companies organizing to ntlao for gold and sil
ver should find iho precious metals in paying
nuammos, tlio supply would ho embarrassingly
loslpn Herald (1ml.)! Ingorsoll says Unit
•“Mr. doubling can tako caru u( himself,” Ju
view of bis course during tho post four months,
thoro may ho some grounds fur doubting this
statement, but wo think it is correct. At all
events, (ho public Is absolved from any further
care fur or Interest In him. Ho Is a very private
citizen,—hardly a high private. lje has brains,
experience,—a good donl more tban> ho had
when Onrllold was innuguratud,—and probably
a small balance of solf-eonoolt* In addition U>
his profosslon. If thosu should fail, ho can fall
buck nn that “Bpartan bond” of tblrty-tlvo 1
whom ho so nmgnlloquontly addressed by tele
gram, It will probably bo found that ho Is not
dead yet: but, until four Cnrouors unltu in n
bnllotln oortlfylngto bis resuscitation, suppose
wo taken rest from Conklmg?
Philadelphia llHllctfn: If it )s true that
flvo iwrsons employed In tho White llouso have
boon prostrated with mnlarlnl-fovor, tho poopto
of tho country will perceive tho existence of
another peril for tho President. II malaria per-.
vadcs tho neighborhood, It Isos likely to attest,
bimusio affect other persons—perhaps more
likely. Tho Potomac Hats, whence tho foul air
Is evolved, have bean a monstrous nuisance oyor
slnuo Washington bocatno a oily, They ooyld
have boon tilled in at a comparatively small ox-.
portae, and tl»oy ought to have boon filled long,
ago. Congress every your wastes upon wholly
useless things—such, for example, us needless
printing—pioro than enough money to turn tho
spaco occupied by the pestilential Hats Into a
handsome nubile park. It Is, Indeed, au aston
ishing thing that a Government us rich as ours
has pot dealt with this nuisance.
Tim Clnjvcsfcop iVcips (J)etji,): Wo deeply
regret Oov. Heberts' unfortunate and needless
refusal to un)to with tho other Governors in
recommending a day of thanksgiving and
praypr for tho recovery of tho President. It Is
ut least somo satisfaction to fchl assured that Ip
this matter bo cannot bo pointed to ns on expo
nent of Taxes, or tho Bouth, or of tbo Sonthon
Democracy. His phenomenal and exceptions
attitude maybe attributed by sumo
who have studied bis habits with a more crltlca
'than friendly eye, to n studious cultivation of
oddity, and a prurient desire for notoriety.
There can bo no question that If such a doslro
has raged In his bosom, ho bus at last hit upon
' u method for auhloving Its superlative gratllica
tlon- His name will ho spread on tbo wings of
tho telegraph and nlazonod through (ho papers.
In fact, It must conceded that Gov. Itohoru, by
bis deliberate romtlsoof tho invitation to par
tlclpato with all iflo other Governors In thanks-
Slvlug proceedings pu account of tbo Prcsl
cut’s probable escape from death byassashm
tlon. will ncnulro a National, and even world
wide reputation, which Gulteau himself might
Cleveland l/mild; Tbo proposition of Mr.
John Hooch, ot Philadelphia, that a naval militia
bo cslablisbod, Una bad at least one good effect:
that of stimulating discussion on that most mor
tifylngnf topics,—the navy of tbo United states.
The time bas certainly canto wbon some detlnlt
action should bo taken In Ibis matter,—result
ing either Ju the abolition of tbo miserable de
partment, or its boiog placed upon a basis of
actual olllclonoyi . . . No time should bo lost
In placing our navy, not on a war footing, but
op n basis of such respectable oinelupoy that, in
tbo case of war wltheomeof tbolcsser European
I’owars,—say Itolgmin, Denmark, nr Sweden,—
9/o may at loan get onr sailors safely ashore bo
foro tbo vessels-of-war which they control are
mink. As it Is now constituted tbo navy nf tho
United States Is a laughlng-stopk to tbo world;
u ropropoh to onr own country, neither contrib
uting to Us dignity or safety; und mi Imposi
tion— inexcusable os any utterly useless ex
pense—upon tbo taxpayers of too land. Any
prlvatcuy uoqld mn away from us; tbo vessels
of uny otfcor navy on earth could sink us. with
out overcoming within range of our antodjlu-
Vlnu nrdnangq; and, |p case of war, before we
could organism and equip on ollielent marltlmo
farce wo should not have. one. of our little owe
lambs of tho-merchant service left, fly all
moaps lot us have a now navy or none,*
Now York Times: Tlio Now Jersey Constl-
tutionul Commission la ealltfd o» to deal with Ibo
difficult problem of compelling tbo railroad cor
poration# paving termini ip that State to boar
tholrsbaro of municipal taxation, wblob they
ImvoHofurcontrived toovndo. Ills computed
that tbo rullromhj which'monopolize tbo entire
water-front of Jersey Ofty own property within
tbo city limit# worth at (oust The
pntlro amount of tbo ountrlbntton to munlolpul
taxation made by tboso companies is but f&7,-
'goo, The suite has boon so extremely liberal to
tbo railroad* In Ibo matter of special privilege#
and exemptions that no method of compelling
tboin to bear their share of public bunion# abort
of n change of tbo fumlamcntol law seems to bo
>rjtctlcab|o. Tho United Slides Supremo Court
ms decided in favor of the claims for exemp
tion from taxation made by tho Morris & Essex
Company, and, legally, the privileged position of
tho railroads Is generally supposed to bo lovuN
notable. Souatur Anliou s proposal to recog
nize the speoiul exemptions claimed by the cor
poration# as property, and to condemn them for
tbo uao of tho Stale, us real property required
'ur public use would bo, and thus to onabfo tbo
Statu to extinguish by purchase those exemp
tions, would thus poem to bo tbo only sure
method of dealing with tbo question. It wilt
need, however, a more general perception of (ho
strength of the railroad position before tbo
courts to vivo snub a proposal any chance of
popular ratification.
. Tlio Now Orleans Democrat boos a grant
future for the sugar Industry of Uoulstaun, Tbo
product I# increasing every year, but it is far bo
low what It plight easily bo ; made. Until last
year tbo best crops since tbo War bavo never
exceeded ouo-tblrd of the yield in tbo nnto-bol
lum period. Last year about one bulf of Ibo old.
yield was produced, ilut. meanwhile, tbo con
sumption of sugar In tbo country goes on rap*
idly Increasing. U has trebled m tbo lust twenty
years, while the production of tbo whole coun
try has diminished quo-half in that period, * In
tbo year IH7U tbo total consumption of tno coun
try was 7PU7I tons of utigar. of which 091,1 U
tuns wuro imported and tw.OOO tons of domestic
manufacture, and 4H,701, (W0 gallons of molasses,
iA.au, tf&Jgallons being imported and 14,200,000 rtf
demesne make, in Unit ypar huulslanu made
lees than lOo.OQOtonsuf sugar, --not one-seventh
of tbp supply required by the country. She bus
tho capacity, however, to produce all tbo sugar
wo use, and as this would add something llkoono
hundred millions a year to the State’s aunuol In
come from prodtioc, those of her people who uro
nljve to her Intoroats are giving tbo subject
some attention. There nro Immense traotsof
cane lands In tbo State that need only tbo appli
cation of capital and labor to become highly
G reductive and iirolltablp. A correspondent of
10 UtnvwnU who wont through tbo southwest
ern portion of Ibo Stale, along tbe Tecbe Ulver,
report# that not more than ono aero in a hun
dred between Algiers and Morgan City appears
to bo cultivated, and hardly any cane is to bo
soon, tbuugb tboso are among too boot sugar
lands |n tho world.
Novy- York Evening Port (Rod,);' Tlw
Close of tba Senatorial contest at Albany ba»
mfHulontiy cleared the political atmosphere tc
permit an esMmato of tbo gain and loss accru
ing from It to tho eup«o of good government,
. , , in striking a balunod, we tlpd under tho
bead of loss; ilrst, tbe removal of au Important
public officer lu viuiatlon of leund principles;
secondly, ibo scandals disgracing tbe ligiibt’
luroof this auto; and thirdly, tbo cleotion of
inferior men to toe Senate of the United States.
Wo And under the bead pt fraipt tbo dls*
oouQturo ot tbo ablest, most ombltlouf, and
roost tyrannical boss and the strongest political
machine In our recent butorvi secondly, tbe
linul wiping out of the third-term buslnosst
thirdly, tbo roslurutiob of freedom of move
mentm tbo itepubliuan party of this Btuto and
fresh obauce for reformatory effortsi and,
astir, a further exposure of soro spots in our
political life and a fresh UnroUso to the popular
feeling fur CivlUScrvlcu reform. , » In
striklog the balance no candid man will deny
that the cause of good government has
valued more than it has lost fii tbo results of
tbo recent contest, Uut it must nut be furgot
tea that the gains consist principally lu tbo re
moval of obstacles that stood in (bo way of im
provement. Whether the new opportunllki
will bo propery taken advantage of, and
whether tho violation or sou id principles at tho
beginning of tno quarrel will lu its remote ctm
•etiueoees result lu itosltlvo good, will largely
depoud upon Uu» uariutstness and energy of the
expectations which tbe utterances of some of
its members bavo rooeutly created. Dy sincere
devotion to the principles ut reform the Admin
istration can make out of Us present success a
Victory fruitful of lasting bonellt.
Albany Uvc/Um/ /mtnwtJßop,); The
eonlest from which the Ucpubiieftn party of this
Hum baa Just emsrgud was as earnest as It was
protracted. Us vigervu* prctcvtlUcn rendered
it grout deal of plain speaking necessary umi r .
disable. Thn result reached could m,i j,.. 1 *
Jhmju olTeotcd by any mllk-imd-water pro IC ,, c .'
Hut tho contest was waved within the lhu>« n r
Iho party. Whatever rdtlior side might im
hoped for, neither received iho uid (>t ij*
enemy. This was fortunate. Any outMdoin
tcrfcroncu would put only Imvo tinuiidiicd ih«
bitterness of tho light during Us bu* it
would havu rendered subici|uuiit harmony i m ,
wncllonhle, Ilepublleuns contended with ii..,.,., *
leans, nnd t|to victory Is a llupubiiean viie..!-
achieved without Democratic uid or Suten Ift
dllng. Wo chanictorlzo the result ns n it,.,!!;,
Jlcan victory, not ns iho victory of u fneiicm i '*
ciuisueneh wjng of Iho party was rm.anma
nnd given consideration in (ho selectionnro..
candidates ultimately t-Unson. While Mr \ini e
has tioon docldcil ho has never been pxiiV.,,:.
his> factional prodilootions, mid Mr. I.opi w ,„
not only always boon classed as a“Htaiili« *
b . ut I,° V ,koj| hl>because he was m!;,
dawdled. It Is easy, therefore. for caclilnnl
or tho party toaeuept the result dieerfi.ii,.. m 7
without any feeling of humiliation. i'S
,u» last there has been m» developed nmiiJmi.
on principle# All stood, iinhaslia(iii<rlv nn, i
ally, (inoii tho llcpuhllcmi piatforn). uhd nl «l.?.
tended for an outcome calculated, irom thn *
standpoint, to beat secure) tho perm-.,
ascendency of Itcpubllemi principles. ’ Thn.io
feroncoa related to men and nm to i, r ,
Tho end having come, and having beenVeen. *5
na Id rospouso to tho domUmiit Mcnilmeiit^/.l. 1
party, It now only remains to do what thoV5 0
York Conmerem and tho llulfalo OimmrrAa
suggostt Cultivate .“posco, union, and h«.
tnuny," and “ouco more movo forwanl intniLi
column.” 1011(1
lUhjjma governors,
Special DUpateh to The Chicago Tribune.
BT.l»Ain„ Minn., July 57.-A contractor named
Ooodnlo, a near neighbor of Unv. Phlabury of
Minneapolis, and a man whom tho Govcrnorhai
befriended on many occasions, has been lurklu
around tho Executive Mansion for scvcrnl dan
armed and intent on ussasinutlon. It scums tbit
several porsmis know of the man’s hidlucina.
tlon, but did not disclose tho dangerous secret,
hast night was tho first knowledge thoGuvernor
had of tho man’s mania, and three policemen
guarded tho premises until to-day, when (bo
madman was secured .and lodged In tho asylum
at Bt. I’clor. Tho. mnnlno seems per*
foctly sane on every, other subject, a
prominent citizen learned of his deadly
Intent by calling upon Ooodnlo for (ho plans of
A house, when bo wildly declared be could do
nothing until bo bud killed Oov. Plllshury, and
ho exhibited a musket and revolver as his mur«
dorous equipment. Tho citizen at once noutied
tho authorities, nnd ho was apprehended, and
found to ho violently Insane by a medical com
mission. Ills iimnln was developed by u gUn ,
stroke some time since, nnd has been known to
Ids Immediate friends for somo time; and (bat
he had not carried bis designs Into execution U
a mystery, as tho (Jovernor passes his bouse to'
reach bis stables. No nablloailon bus yet been
made of tho affair, and but few know anythin
about It.
Ai.hakv, July 27.—Some excitement prorallpl
boro on ii rumor of an attempt .to nbootfOor.
Cornell. It appear* ibatu stranger walfvd up
to tbo stoop of tbo (Jiil Capitol Ualldlng fad wm
about entering, wbon Superintendent tlyclc, no*
tlolng the strange appearance of thu man, who
ivits carrying an old-fashioned gun on bis eboul
(lor, asked Uim where bo was going, lie replied:
“lupi Adjuttmt-Goneralof this Slate." llydo
at once saw tbo man was.probably crazy, and,
fearing some harm to tbo State ollielals wu in
tended. asked for tbo gun. The stranger de
clined to glvo It up, when n struggle ensued for
Its possession, llydu secured it. It was un
loaded. Tbo stranger, who Is evidently recov
ering from n spree, gives the muno gf Puirick,
MoLano, a blaoksmltb, of Whitehall.
Bptelal DlspaUh to. The Chitcgo Tribune.
Cinoiknati, 6.. July 27.—U Is becoming daily
more ovldopt that the Ohio Prohibitionists over
reached themselves* In their recent Convention
fur the nomination of Htuta otlluers, The de*
ipuo'ds of tbo Convention uro clearly Impossible,
sqd ovon those who run have had time to ob
serve that its spirit was forbidding. Tbo leaders
of tho,movement, Impelled partly ny spite and
partly by vanity, distlnutly avowed It as their
purpose to chastise the Uopubiluun party. U
was not claimed that anything mere uould Im
accomplished than tho defeat of (bo llcpubllc
bill. No , one suggested that tbo Prohibi
tionists bad anything to bopo from a period of
Democratic rule. On tbo contrary, U was
known that under snob circumstances the causa
would stlffor- Tbo whofo effort of tbo Conven
tion, therefore, was tu secure thu defeat of tho
Kepuhllcnn ticket, to tbo serious cllduJvautaga
of tbo very people wbo wore being called upon
to bring it about. Several of tbo delegates, rec
ognising tbo nbsnrdlty and dapuar nf the situa
tion, attempted to advocate a different course,
but In each case tbolr voices were drowned, and
tboy wore driven buck tu tbolr seats amid biases
.and erica of MTemporizer," “Traitor," aad
“Liar." Tbo Convention was ruled ny a
spirit so stubborn and llercely Intolerant that Its
bgtior elements wore suppressed amid a pande
monium rivaling ,tbut ot tbo most violent and
nuley of Dotuoorutlo assemblages. Gradually
'all this came to bo understood by oven the wot
unreasoning. of the Prohibitionists, and the
purpose of the people of this class to veto ths
straight Uopnblloan ticket Is being frequently
expressed. Aside from the absurd and spiteful
position In wmob the Prohibition party has boon
placed, It Is seen that under tbo existing circum
stances President Uavlleld’s Htntu must eonto to
bis support by a strong mid cordial Indorse*
mont of bis- Administration at tbs
polls this fall. Only tbo mostwelghiycouaUJcra*
lion, Itlsolearlyseflii, would render any outer
course wise pr even oxonsablo. Ilepubl wmynj
therefore rapidly beoqmuig coiiUdeiq ihat.wim
tbo prohibition movement dead and tbo lajmo
bratlo enthusiasm resting entirely uj«a J
pookatbooK, tbo election will bo theirs by a very
handsome majority.
; W Wwffs* to Th» Chteaoo Tribun*.
..'UORWW. July }J7,-Tbo Republican State Con
vention, 1( was decided to-day, will bo hula «
Worcester Sept. 21. Congressman Crnpo
preside, and Waller Allen will bo Chairman on
tusolutipns. Tbo latter will bavo a dhUouit
task, as a decided effort will bp made In favorer
Woman Suffrage and Prohibition. Tho goners!
feullug Is that tbo campaign will' bo quiet, im
only opposition expected being to Mr.Marstoo,
the Attorney Qouoralt but it Is thought ini*
will bo Ineffectual. flov. Long has klvea w*
Views on Civil Service, and, while favorably »
pressed with Senator Hawes’ letter, he thin”
the latter, docs not go for enough, andjoju»
that Congress must put it iulo statute law.
TI»0 Wo>V Vorl* I*njsa on tl»o U»d of
Use CouUUntf Vlffltti ■
Tbo dsy of ostracism and favoritism pm
.passed. Tbo people bavo tjwon charge of JM
affairs Of ihuoariy again. They havochowa
Senators who wilt bo their Mrvanti», mid DOi
tbmr musters and M bowes.'—l/tiai llenitu iijgyj
V Uy putting tbo Vice-President 1111 l 0 M t^!L^* r !£
loot ho would bo tbo most
gontutivo. of another w«n’A m ndN» n»wa,
whereas we now hud him too often at ioggv»-
.heads with It.—KOigslon jYccmon l/h!) .). ,
; With Mr, ConkUng out of It ‘bo Uoi>o l‘»“
party will have peace. Wo regret to wy H,
the retirement of that gentleman roiires eyurr
thing which bn# divided ibo party against luon
~Mmlm kYu item lUcin. ). . . llnl |,
This satlsfaotory ending of a prolrwlo Utrur
glo against a corrupt, arrogant, aud dau«oryu*
element lu tho iwllllea of tbo Slate WjUhoj
lowed by an era of harmony and, Pf* w ' jJm
tbo axpurgatiun of personalism from■*“¥•,JJ,
relegation of tbo principle to Its Ug }'^-
bon and iaorlUoes of Its patriotic founders a***
friends.— Albany Journal t/Un.). _ ti uveo ti
. A# ail who have wuiebud the OQUrto ore>«« , J
ore aware tbo light bus frmpiontly PMtoa jw
aspect d( great biituruess between tba
eat# of. Mr, Coukllng end, tboso wboopiaww
him. Many tbtug# wore sulil that ought lojg’j
been loitunsaldt and thing# wore »wae
wore Imprudent and uncalled fur. uut J*J*f wJ ,g
1# peace. 1 ’The warring factions
every appearance <jT enthusiasm »b»“ssSpg
a oonoluslou was reached us
of a csndldsto to succeed Mr.
and wu believe It - will be , foam*
the Republican party ot Now
strengthened by tno friction It bus uautrsjj
Whether Mr. Cockling onlertaln#i a.P“ r , ?!>»•
continuing bis domoM fora vlud lead‘d
now form we aro unable to say, but ‘.y.JftiuM.
take that course tbe effort must be f rjn
His power is broken, so far os tho' tom »“» oul/
of any sluliuir purpose U
buyout rehabimauunasu party
jh sum; sssnss? w-p
pntferenoes ot a majority of lu m® “V w 2jj ta
bot hy thowUhosof aaiogle l«2 i'Botlo«hl
that way retain tho cgortdfuco °f uainjits
suns whatever may be I l l V l o,r .l M) . r !V r 4 uarll^a | ‘ ir
of the merits and quallUoallous uf
mou. Tbo dayot serious factional 1 i“ t .,,ub»
passed forever, aswu bopo and bt-Utvu. furtlw #,
Itoans can and will aol t*>»«ttt°r for tng»
auco of u oummou cause rather than ‘o. • ,
• roUvil of a personal W<il,’~Trvy /iw* ll ' { r 3

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