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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, September 06, 1881, Image 2

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has been less frequent than yesterday, and
his temperature Is a degree above normal,
pulse 103, temperature tK).r», respiration 18.
I). W. Bliss,
,1. K. Barnes.
.1. ,1. Woodward, ,
Coill'llT IlEYimit.V,
I). Haves Aonew.
ia::» v. m.
Knecutivk Mansion, Washington, 1).
(?., Sept. r»-lsj p. m.—Tho President’s con
dition has not changed materially since the
last bulletin was Issued, except that there Is
some Increase In Urn frequency of Ids pulse,
lie has taken with some relish tho nourish
ment administered by tho mouth, and has
had no return of gastric Irritability, Pulse
11 1, icmpcrnturo 00.5, respiration 18,
I). W. Bliss,
,1. K. B.ui.nes,
,1..!. Woonw.um,
Komeiit IlEvnun.v,
I). Haves Aonew.
n:tw i*. m.
Executive Mansion, Washington, D. C.,
Sept. r»—o::m> p. m.—Xo material change has
taken place in tho condition of the President
since morning. The parotid abscess contin
ues to Improve, and tho wound remains
about tho same. The pulse Is somewhat less
frequontthnn at noon. At present It Is IDS;
temperature, WW; respiration, 18. Should
no untoward symptoms prevent. It Is hoped
to move the President to Long Hrancli to
morrow. H, W. Bliss,
,1. K. Barnes.
J, .1. Woodward,
J’oUEUT UeYIIURN,
1). Hayes Aunew.
2t»o A.-M.
NO INDICATIONS OK REMOVAL.
Sjxclal Ditpatch to The Chicago TVUmn*.
Washington, I>. C„ Sept n—S:W a. in.—
There are still no Indications of Immediate
remqvol of tho President, lla Is said to have
been resting. Small wonder I It has been
. the hottest night of a hot year. At present
It is 8d In cool apartments. The sicy is be
coming somewhat clouded, with threats of
ruin.
BBAIKB’S BULLETIN.
•run HOTTEST PAY OF THE SEASON*.
Executive Mansion*, Sold, 5—9:40 p. m.
-t-TJio following has been cabled:
Luwdl, Minister , London: This has been
tho hottest, day .of tho season, and tho heat
Ims told upon the (’resident, ills pulse and
temperature have been higher than for sev
'em! days past. In other respects there lias
been no special change, cither favorable or
Adverse. -It Is expected tlmt lie will boro
moved to Long Branch tomorrow. It is
hoped tlmt the scaralr will strengthen him.
Blaine. {Secretary,
PRAYER.
.MAINE.
. roiiTLAND, Me., Sept. R.—Gov. Violated
has Issued a proclamation rcoomm ending
that Thursday next, tho Bth, between 10 and
12, bo devoted to prayer for the recovery of
President Garlicld.
NEW YOHK.
Aijiany, N. Y., Sept. s.—Public prayer
meeting for the President tomorrow.
NOIITiI CAIIOLINA.
Raleigh, N. C., Sept. G.—Oov. Jarvis yes
terday. . issued a proclamation inviting tho
people of the State to assemble at their re
spective places of worsiilpoh Tuesday, Sept.
0, between the hours of 10 and noon, to unite
)u prayer for the rccoveryof thq President.
AIIKANHAS.
Little Rook, Ark., Sept G.—Gov. Church-
U 1 today forwarded tho following telegram
to Gov, Hoyt, of Pennsylvania, in answer to
his invitation to join In a day of prayer for
the recovery of President Garfield:
EXECUTIVE OmutvLiTTiA Uock, Hcpt, C.—To
Kxceilencu, (Joo. Ucnru XL /foj/t, i/arrloburv,
2’<i.: l moat heartily approve of your sugges
tion, bat badhorulofuro act apart tho Htbday
nr July to be observed ns n day of fasting and
pm.vor for tho recovery of tho ITcsldcnt. Tho
day was generally observed throughout the
State. "Owing to tho lack of telegraph facilities
to communicate with dlirorout pontons of tho
8(ato, and to tho sbortncss'of notice, I will ba
unable to unite with you tomorrow hi so
worthy ao object. ,T. J. Ciumcniu.,
Oovornorof Arsttiisas.
NEW JEKSE V
Tuenton* N. J„ Sept. G.—Gov. Ludlow
lias issued a proclamation' recommending
Thursday next as a day of prayer for tho re
covery of President Garllold.
MASSACHUSETTS.
Boston”, Mass., Sept. fi.—Gov. Long today
appointed'Thursday, tbo Blh Inst, as a day
or prayer In this Stuto for the recovery of the
President.
PENNSYLVANIA*
HAitnisuuna; Pa., Sept. U—ln compliance
with the proclamation of the Governor fixing
tomorrow between the hours of 10 a. m. and
noon for religious services in behalf of Presi
dent Garfield, Mayor Herman today Issued a
proclamation requesting nil places of busi
ness to be closed during that lime, and that
religious services be held in tiio mills and
Industrial establishments throughout tho
elty* as well as In the churches.
apttial IMioatth to Th* Chicago Tribunt,
Buapfouu, Pa., Sent. Mayor Jordan*
tms Issued’a proclamation Hint tho citizens
of Bradford unite In tiie religious obsorv
inces suggested by Gov. Hoyt in Ids procla
mation. Prayers for tho recovery of the
President will be offered in nil tho churches.
Dio Exchanges at Bradford, Oil City, ami
rUusVlllo will bo closed tomorrow forenoon
is a token of respect to the day of prayer,
Philadelphia, Sept. r*.--Tho Commercial
Exchange adjourned today until noon to
morrow, and tiio Produce Exchange until
Wednesday, in respect to tbo Governor’s
proclamation asking for prayers for the Pres-
Idqut/1.. :
OHIO.
Cincinnati, 0., Sept B.—Tiio Chamber of
I’ommorce, by a unanimous vote, adjourned
:Hl Wednesday,'ln order to give an opportu
lity to the members to observe tomorrow ns
i day of prayer for the recovery of tho
President;lnnecordanco wllliGov. Foster’s
proclamation. .
MINNESOTA.
Bt. Paul, Minn., Sept 5.-:(jov. Plilsbury
lid not receive until today tho telegram from
iJov, Hoyt, of Pennsylvania, asking Minne
sota to unite in tiio observance of tomorrow ns
mo of fasting and prayer that President jUar
ield may be Hpured from death, and soon
restored to health and ofiicicncy. Tiie delay
ii trniismissioipof the message made it too
molar the Governor to notify tho people
throughout tbo State, and ho has so advised
ilov. Hoyt, giving expression, however, to
ils full sympathy with the suggestion made,
mil the hope Unit Minnesota may be able at
t later date to Join a concerted movement
»y all her sister .States.. Hovorat of the pas
tors of the churches In Bt. Paul uml Mliuie-
Ipolis Intend holding prayer-meetings tomor
row, In which tim recovery of the President
iholi bo tho subject of special supplication.
niSTIHCT OF COLL'MUIA.
Washington, D. C., Kept, B.—Tho Com
iibpiohorsof tho District of Columbia call
9pen tiio people to unite with their brethren
n all portions of the Union Tuesday, tiio
Ith, in offering prayer for tho recovery of tim
President.
Tim District Commissioners haying ordered
tomorrow id bo set apart us a day of prayer
for the recovery of the President, tho Cab
inet otiicers tonight ordered uB tin; depart
ments to bo closed for tho day.., There was a
meeting of ministers ut timChr{stlaii Church
tonight, nt which it was decided:to hold spe*
rial services of prayer in all tho churches in
Ihe District tomorrow. •' <*
} Dltjioit, Midi., Sept, Q.-~Gov. Jerome
loilay Issued the following proclamation:"
Tbo President of tbo Culled States Ilea iu a
v.-Jtlrnl coudltlon from a wound received from a
depraved assoaln. His long-continued gruggle
fur life aad the Intense suffering consequent
thereto, (ho varied success of (ho faithful ami
most accomplished surgnons to get tho mastery
of tho dimrnilty, admonish all that what
human skill can do may prove wanting In
this (treat emergency. To whom thou
shall we look for aid hut to our Heavenly
rather? For the purpotc nf Invoking
his guidance of Iho mean? necessary to a speedy
core, I respectfully call upon the good people
of Michigan to assemble at their respective
places of worship on Thursday of this week, lie*
tween the hours of 10 a. m. and nocm, for tho
purpose of public prayer to Almighty God for
Hfs continued aid and guidance to those on
whoso skill the life of (be President now do*
pends, and for protecting us from tho dreadful
calamity Hint seems Impending over tho Nation.
David 11. .ImtoMb, Governor.
MISSOURI,
Sr. Louis Mo., Kepi. Guv. Crittenden,
who has been absent from tho Stale, several
days, telegraphed lluv. Jloyl, of Pennsylva
nia, today that, owing to the shortness of
lime, and greatly to Ids regret, hu would not
lie nhle to respond to his suggestion to ninno
tomorrow ak a day of prayer for tho recovery
oflhc .President,
" . COIiVAX.
GARFIELD CAN CALL ON ARTHUR.
NpteMl JJUthtten to The Chicago Tribune,
.South Bend, Iml., Soul. s.—Mr. Colfax
said: ’’Congress has doubtless erred in not
settling by law how the constitutional In
ability of tho President should bo detor
hdned: wJiothcr by himself, tho Vice-Presi
dent, Cabinet, or Congress convened in
special session. Tho Constitution gives Cod?
gress tho amplest power to make all laws to
carry Into execution tho powers vested by
the Constitution In any department or "Dice
f/iorco/,The fullest possible grant of power.
Ills a cosh* omissus, Just ns Congress has
never enacted how a Presidential election
should ho contested—one of the most dan
gerous omissions In our system of govern
ment. In tho absence of such legislation, tho
present question can only bo decided by
analogy or argument, unless Congress should
bo convened to decide It, which would re
quire many weeks; even If no deadlock In
organizing; and then another question might
possibly arise as to who should sign the bill
when passed. If tho President should then bo
In feeble health.
IP A PRESIDENT WAS COMPELLED UV SOME
I.MPEIIATIVK DUTY
to go abroad, would lie not, ns Gov. Morton
did under such circumstances, notify tho
olllcer who had to lilt ids place in case of
"inability" that that time had arrived; ami
when he returned would bo not resume Ids
authority without question? if n Cabinet
Minister leaves Washington for tho Yellow
stone Dark, Ids Ursf assistant would sign
onielal papers, etc., for him till this "Ina
bility," caused by ids absence, was terminat
ed by Ids ciders return. Would not a
Speaker who foresaw Ids *‘ Inability," from
ill health, to stand the wear and tear of an
exciting and prolonged parliamentary con
flict, call on somo member to 1111 Ids place till
lie saw lit to resume his gavel? Would not
the ranking General on a battlellchl, If se
verely stunned or allocked, require tho next
In cumnmmi lo direct tho movement of tho
army till this temporary “Inability" ended?
•* Those arc voluntary delegations of power
and purposely exclude cases of insanity,
where an Intelligent act could nut bo per
formed. Reasoning from them by analogy.
1 cannot see why (’resident Garllold could
not himself notify the Vice-President of his
temporary ‘inability’ whenever lie saw lit to
do so; bat 1 cannot llml precedent nor argu
ment for thn Vice-President or any Lieuten
ant-Governor exercising tho dangerous au
thority of settling this important question
himself, us Air. Arthur Ims so Inllcxlbly mid
considerately refused to do."
VOORIIEES.
VIEWS OF THE INDIANA SE.VATOH.
Teiiue Haute, (ml., Scut. s.—The Lvcn
flip Ouzcttc publishes a long interview with
Dan Voorhecs this afternoon on the inabil
ity question. Arthur's probable policy In case
of tho President's death, and tho organiza
tion of tho two Houses at tho coming session
of Congress.
After commenting on the President’s con
dition, ttie fact tlmt his Journey back to
health and the discharge of his oHlciul du
ties must bo slow and painful, mid the possi
bility of Ids living through his term ami
years* beyond with a broken constitution,
and permanently disabled from performing
any. of tho duties of life, the Sen
ator characterizes tho present discussion
as to tho . duties of tho Vice-President
ns most timely mid proper, not as if an imme
diate emergency was threatened, but qs a
matter which may become of great practical
moment in tho near future* “ Without prec
edents on lids point in American history, wo
must bo guided,” he remark’s, “by the Con
stitution itself and the reasons which grow
out of tho nature of oar Institutions,"
AFTKII QUOTING THE INAIHLITY CLAUSE,
the Senator continues:
To provide against the Inability of the
President to discharge the duties of his oflico
while yet alive amt in office was a very plain
duly of the framers of the Constitution, in
view of the visitations of insanity and dls
case, but nothin? is plainer to my mind than
the fact that a law of Congress would ho
necessary to carry (his constitutional pro
vision into effect, individuals have no more
authority to determine ullieial questions than
the,laws give them. Who at this lime Is au
thorized by law to declare that Urn President
Is unable to perform the duties of his olllcu*. 1
The taut may be so, but who has the legal
right to say to him, "Here your functions
cease,” ami to the Vice-President, •• Hero your
powers amt duties begin V” Certainly no onu
will contend that the Vice-President him
seif him Urn rigid- Kneh a construction would
not only he outside of any express law, Imt
it would he monstrous In its pinelical appli
cation. It would leave to an aspiring Vice
president the right to decide upon ail the
ailments and disabilities of the President,
and to take hlsotllce from Mm whenever lie
chose to do no. . It would also leave him the
right to determine when such alhecnis and
disabilities ceased, and whim, If ever, he
would turn Urn olllcu over again to lls rlr'ii
fill occupant. If it should li.u.p.si. ui.lt
sometimes lias in the history of tue cmuurjv
that Urn Vice-President was In u bluer war
fare against tile President, and was in op,mi,
active league with the .President's most pow
erful and vindictive enemies, i submit that
the oliicu would likely change hands upon a
very slight "Inability ” on the part of the
President. To use the favorlt u::or*Msiou of
Senator Thurman in debate, ♦•That won’t
do." The spectacle of a Ytce-lVusidenl
striding into the Executive Mansion, ifli his
own motion, and assuming Its duties, whit.*
the President himself is yet alive, ai.lnnigd
disabled and sick, will never be wl.nc.isod or
tolerated by the American people, »
THE I'AUJXr.T,
In Mr. Voorhocs’opinion, have no sort tif
right or imwnr to declare tin* in
ability or to Invito thu Vlee-lVediient ioaet
in Ids place. Their powers arc ftpcclJlcd ami
restricted by law. “What kind of a procla
mation,” hu asks, “could tint Cabinet
on this subject? Wind danse of me Con
stitution or wlmt section of thu statutes of
tlio United Stales could they cite as amlior-
Uy for Interfering whh the nm hlloii nuill ?
And if tho Cabinet is lo iMermlnu.thc In
ability of Urn President, would limy inn also
liuvo to (loienninu his recovery? If we arc
to submit these i|tuMilons of physical nr.d
imndal Incapacity to imwiiiih inmnilMii/.cd
by law to decide them, I Uihil; at'seralt we
wo Imd better go with them to me <h..-{*ns.
Thu truth Is, however, thai Hie p.arid.* mnsi
determine them ilmmgli Half icpuwinu
lives in Congress. Com«;vm convenes in
regular session by law early la Inve.nher,
ThkGovermmml Is so well con-irnan-d, so
harmonious and strong in its st.nphd.-v o:’
execution, that nut a siimte interest will
Butter if the President slnmld noth.* able
to lift his hand or speak above . a
whisper-from this time until thu regain l
mooting of Congress. With nil our partisan
differences, inu American peoplo arc soJidly
united in their love for thu Institutions of
their country mid In Uielr devotion to stabili
ty. There Is uko great conservatism at (Ids
tune In the pitbjle mind In view of the eomll
turn of tlio President; The man or set of
man who would now raise needless mftloul
ties, or present factious questions with which
to embarrass the administration ot tlio (lev;-
eminent, would meet with u heavy and do
served condemnation attho hands of the peo
ple. No; there . will bo no trouble, nor
necessity fur notion until Congress meets,
oven If the President should remain as pow
erless us he Is new.”
TUEHIMVLKST, SAFEST, AMU MOST EFFICIENT
method
which Congress could provide to determine
tbo question of the President’s. Inability
would, In Senator Yoorhees’opinion, be the
.appointmentof ucomuuaalon, consisting of
THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE: TUESDAY. SEPTEMBER 0, 1881—TWELVE PAGES.
tho Chief .fustlco of tho Supreme Court nf
tho United Stales, tho ,Secretary of Slate, the
Surgeon-General of the Army, ami two of
tho attending surgeons, to determine whether
tho President was nimble to discharge (he
duties of Ids olllee, (he action of tho Vice-
President to depend uuen their decision.
They would likewise detcrmiiuf at what
point llio President hud sutllehmtly recov
ered to assume those duties. Appealing to
tho most familiar Kngtlsh precedent, Senator
\ oorhees says: "George 111. of England
was insane during many years of Ids life,
and tho Prince of Wales, afterward (Jeorgo
IV., reigned In his stood, under the stylo and
title of Prince .Degeul. There was no as
sumption of the succession, however, by tho
Prince or by the Cabinet. U was all regu
lated by net of Parliament, allhough (he
Prince of Wales was heir to tint throne upon
tho death or Inability of the King.” Thu
common objection that tho President might
he unnhto to sign all ma of Congress Is
brushed aside by tho statement that the hill
would not be returned, ami In ten days
would become a law without his signature.
speaking ok vice-mi evident Airmen,
but deprecating any disposition to disparage
that gentlemitn, the "Tall .Sycamore” ex
presses his candid opinion that hu Is less
titled for tho ollice of President on the score
of ability, training In polities, nllleinl expe
rience. and Intimate surroundings and ad
visers than any man whose name was ever
seriously canvassed hi connection with that
great position. ”1 think,” continues the
Senator, "the wholo country distrusts him,
perhaps, ns much as 1 do. There will bo a
rush to worship the rising sun If ho attains
power, but at heart tho feeling of tho coun
try is tho same as 1 express. If. however, in
the Inscrutable providence of (tod he Is to
become President, 1 wish him success in
giving the country peace and prosperity, and
1 will assist him alul can; but I must bo
permitted to doufn. In my opinion,* his
policy will bo a personal one. He Is sand
wiched permanently between (hunt and
Couklmg. As faithfully ns an ndnniilstnitor
with a will annexed he will carry out their
wishes. They arc both full of (ho most In
tense grievances. Grant remembers his de
feat at Chicago with a bitterness Unit makes
him brutal ami savage on that subject.
Conkling dwells on Idsdofeat at Albany witli
but one undying purpose, and that Is to get
even with his enemies. These two men are
both strong In their dliTorcnt ways, and when
combined, ns they- are, they constitute a
power which will control absolutely every
step of Arthur’s Administration, Let there
be no mistake on this point.”
ahthuu’s policy towaiihs tub south,
ns tlio Senator foresees It, would be bitter
and persecuting. Willi u natural reeling of
soreness, hnclmrgcs Conklins with original
iinr the Mntmne movement, and says that
Arthur's policy would be to sustain him.
and, in doing so, “to degrade tho honor and
good nnnio of Virginia and to encourage
similar corruption throughout tho South."
On tho overshadowing question of monopo
lies, as tho Senator says, tho people need
look for no assistance from Arthur, Grant,
and Cunkling.
With regard to the organization of tho
Senate, Senator Vuorhees expresses Ids
doubts as to tho correctness of tho reported
interview with Senator Beck, in winch (ho
latter was made to say he favored the election
of somo conservative Republican, as Senator
Anthony, of ilbodo Island, to tho position
of ('resident pro tern, of tho Senate, and thus
avoid any Inducement for any insane person
or political fanatic to desire (Jen. Arthur’s
death. According to Senator Yoorbees. tho
Democrats, In the absence of Arthur, will or
ganize tho Senate, unless, as Is
ALTOOETHEH UNLIKELY
Democratic Senators turn In and vote for a
Republican. When a .Senator is sworn in,
the President of the Senate must administer
the oath: but in Arthur’s absence there Is
no President, and. according to Mr. Voor
bees, It follows with mathematical certainty
that no Senator cun be sworn in until after
tho election of a President. “Tho newly
elected Senators, therefore, from New
York,” says {Senator Voorhecs, “have no
more chance to become members of tho Sen
ate until after the Senate is organized by tho
election of a President of- tlmt body than
they have to becomp members of the College
of Cardinals. When the Senate next meets
it will lie composed of thirty-seven Demo
crats ami,lodge Davis, who will most likely
vote with them on organization, on the one
side, ana thirty-live Republicans, and Ma
lionu making thirty-six, on tho other. Messrs.
Laplmm and Miller, from New York, will bo
there, but not yet Senators. They will bo in
walling to be admitted, which cannot Lake
place until tho presiding olllcer is chosen."
Having settled It that n Democrat’must
necessarily bo elected, Senator Voorheos
announces that Senator Bayard, as . the’
senior Senator <m the Democratic side,
is entitled to tho position of preahlunc-olUcor
by all the precedents, and will be chosen.
The remainder of the Interview is devoted to
a generous nnboifllng of the Senator’s indig
nation at tho alleged bribery and corruption
during tho recent Senatorial contest at Al
bany. Considerable stress is also laid on tho
Demoeratlc claim tlmt Senator Miller’s elec
tion was Illegal because a majority of the
Legislature did not participate Jn it. Put
ting the alleged bribery and the alleged ille
gal election together, the Senator from the
Wabasli pronounces in favor of an Investi
gation, ami expresses the opinion that It will
come.
CHICAGO.
I’IIAVKIPi FOK THE I'UKSIDBNT.
Tho regular weekly meetings of the Pres
byterian pastors were resumed yesterday
morning, the first meeting being held In their
rooms in McCormick Block. Tho ilov. A.
X. Qullck presided, and prayer was offered
by the Rev. J. Bennett.
The following resolution was unanimously
adopted:
'lids ministerial association, recognizing
tiie appropriateness of the proclamation of
tho Governor of our State calling upon tho
people to observe a season of prayer for tho
restoration of tho President of tho United
States to health and strength, wo do most
cordially Join in Inviting and urging nil tho
people whom we may represent to suspend
all other avocations and Join in this service
Tuesday, Sept 0, from 10 to 113 o’clock a. m.
Tho people of tiio West Side are invited to
join In u union service at tho Union Park
Congregational Church, corner of Washing
ton street and Ashland avenue.
Thu following announcement was drawn
up by. Dr. Kltterhige, who took it around to
tiie various ministers’ meetings for signa
tures:
/I he pastor of the Union Park Cougrega-'
tlonul Church having very kindly offered tho
use of his church building for tiio services
i*t tnayur Tuesday, as requested by proc
lamation of the Governor of Illinois, wn,
pastors of churches on tho West Side, would
earnestly urge our congregations to suspend
ait other avocations and meet In tho union
Park Church from 10 to 15 o'clock today, to
unhuiii prayorfor rim restoration to health
of our beloved President, Signed by ail tho
pastors of the West Side.
The First Congregational Church will also
nuv: with tho Union Park Church this morn
ing or ilio hour named, to unite In prayer fur
the Piv.ildont’s recovery. .
Tno Methodist ministers resumed their
weekly gatherings yesterday morning In the
Bo.at Concern Building on Washington
sir. el. PrcMdina-Klder W. C. Willing occu
pied tiio chair. The Rev, i)r. Axtoil, of Kan
kakee, offered n fervent wrarer on behalf of
President Garfield, mid it was ordered that
the various .Methodist clergy', together with
r. ihejr people who may be able to at
tend. unite In a meeting for special prayer’
for ibe President, tho same to be held in tiio
Hrsr CnureP, corner Washington and Clark
s. at noon today.
At a meeting of tim Baptist ministers of
u.b-ago yesterday morning, it was decided
to iml.l services today from 10 to 15 in tho
I'l.’st Baptist Church, corner of South Park
nvenno and Thirty-first street, in compliance
with urn tiomnor’s proclamation culling
upon ilia people to offer prayers for the
iv.shlmil’s recovery.
In accordance with tho proclamation of tho
Governor, there will bo special services this
morning, commencing at lb o’clock, in tho
. First Christian Church, corner Indiana av
enue andTwcnly-ilfih street, in behalf of tiio
PivMdent of the United States. A full at
tendance of the members and friends of tiio
church is earnestly Invited.
In accordance with the Governor's procla
mation, cervices of prayer fur tho President
will ho held in Lincoln Park Church, corner
of .Sophia and Mohawk streets, from 10 till 15
o’clock today”. All are Invited.
In pursuance of tho cull of the Governor,
the members of tho K. A. it. and Chicago
blind congregations will meet at the temple
of tho (utter, on the corner of Indiana av
enue and Twenty-first street, at lb o’clock
tins morning, to offer supplications and
prayers for tiio restoration of the President.
The Israelites of tho city and all friends of
tbo cause arc Invited.
TUB GOVERNMENT OFFICES.
The liours sot opart thlawornlug ns a time
of special prayer for the‘recovery of Presi
dent Ganleld will be very generally observed
at the Government Building. The offices
wIUaU be closed item W to 18, The Pest-
Odleo will ho closed In all Its departments
during those hours. Malls Hosing regularly
between in and I*3 will Hose at the former
hour, and the regular in o’eloek delivery by
carrier will be made nt n o’clock.
TUll HOARD W TRADE.
Vice-President Dunlmin culled Ibe Board
of Trade In order yesterday noon, and the
following resolutions, ntVered b.V Mr, S. C.
Spencer, worn unanimously adopted:
I.WmmKAs.Tbo Governor of tho undent Illi
nois, Rating hi l concert with tho Governors of
other Hiatus, has nmmlntcd Tuesday, the ttth day
of Heptember, %s a day of general prayer to God
forttio early restoration to hnslth and itsoful
ness of our beloved. Chief Magistrate; there
fore, bo it
Draolmi. That, h* order to allow the members
of this association tu properly observe tho day,
(here bo no session of tho board oil tomorrow,
tbo nth Inst, m , .
In accordance with the proclamation ortho
Governor and tho'desire of tho people, there
will ho a prayer-meeting held in Grace
MHhodlst Episcopal Church, corner of l.a
•Salle and Locust, streets, al 11 o’eloek a. m.
The eengregaUmv.aml friends are eimtesßy
invited to be present and participate hi tho
service. I*
There will be a special service of prayer
In behalf of tlio President this evening In the
First Presbyterian Church from 7: Ift to 0
o’clock, to which tho members of all denomi
nations are Invited.
Centenary Methodist Church will untie
with SI. Paul’s Deformed Episcopal Church
hi a prayer-service' for tho recovery of the
President this morning at 10 o’clock In tho
chapel, corner of West Washington mid Car
penter streets.
The leffture-room of Plymouth Congrega
tional Church* oiPMloldgau avenue, between
Twonlyllfth and Twcnty-slxlh streets, will
tie open this morning nt 10 o’clock for prayer
for tho President, In accordance with the
Governor's proclamation.
CORRESPONDENCE.
'a suggestion.
Tb (Aft Editor of ThifCMtngo VVUainr.
Cmc.vno, Sept. o.—lt deems to mu that tho
proper proeecdure, as regards tho question
of tho “inability” of the President, would
bo for Vice-President Arthur to request
from tho physicians In charge of tho Presi
dent a curtltlcato to Uie clTectlhat lie is /dips
fmf/j/ unable at prcncnl to perform the
duties pertaining to his otllce. Then let Urn
Vice-President take such cerllUcato to tho
Supremo Court and request of them an
opinion as to whether, under the Constitu
tion, that “Inability” exists which would
call upon him temporarily to perform tho
duties of said ofllcu until such time ns tho
President is able to resume them himself, or
until his death, should that untimely event
occur. '
The people would never permit n retention
of tho omco should the President recover
during his term snlllcicntly to perform the
duties thereof himself.
J. Uayaud Backus.
To the Editor of Vit Chicago Tribune.
South Uk.vi>, Iml., Sept. s.—it seems to
me time tlioro mo some points connected with
the Vleo-Presldcntlal ollleo uml duties not
lillhorto fully considered. The Constitu
tion of the United Slates raises the ollleo
but Is exceedingly reticent ns to the function
of the Vice-President. In only a few places
is he named on referred to, and then with ex
treme brevltyaml quite Indelinltly. In no
place Is he authorized or empowered to as
sume the Presidential ollleo except as locum
teuens or nettop otlUdal.
Art. I, Sec. o, of the Constitution provides
as follows:
4. The Vico-President of the United States
shall bo President ortho Senate, but sbulttmvo
no veto unions Iboy bo uiimilly divided.
ft. TboSonnto shall eliooso tholr oUior otllccrs
and also a President pro temjmre. In tbo absence
of tbo Vlco-Proaldcnt, or when no chall exercUc'
the office of Pfcsldont of tbo United States.
Art. 11, Sec. I,' provides os follows:
(l. In caso of the removal of tbo President
from ollleo. or of death, resignation, or Inability
to discharge tbo poitws and duUe* of suldulllcu,
tbo same shall devolve on tbo Vico- President,
ami Congress tuny by law provide for tbo case
of removal, death, resignation, or Inability both
of the President and Vice-President, declaring,
what olllcoi ff/ind art accordingly, until the dis-‘
ability bo removed or u President shall bo
elected.
The other references are merely incidental
and amount to nothing except that the
Twelfth Amendment requires that no person
constitutionally ineligible to the otlico of
President shall he eligible to that of Vice-
President of the United States.
THU JJUTIKS AND I'OWKILS OF THK VICK-
PKBMIUKNT
arc suniciontly if not futly defined. Tie is to.
bo President of the 'Senate, and, In certain
exigencies, “shall exorcise the otlico” and
may act as President, not be .President
(Art. 1.. See.», supra.)
The Constitution requires (hat the Presi
dent shall bo “a native bom citizen or a citi
zen of the United States” at the time of Us ■
adoption, umUthe same is required ot the
Vice-President by Urn Twelfth Amendment.
Hut yet any oillccr, native born or not, may
be designated by Congress to act as Presi
dent,
In pursuance of tho authority delegated
by tho Constitution, Congress has determined
that, In case of the failure of both the Presi
dent and tho Vicu-Prosidcnt, tho succession
to tho duties of the Presidential oillco shall
bo:
1. The President pro tom. of the Senate.
•J. The Speaker of tho House of Itepro
senlaUves,
It is not required that either of the oflloors
last-mcntlonca shall bo a native-born cUU.cn
of tbo United States, and yet no one dis
putes tho ability of either to "discharge the
powers and duties of said oillco ” under the
Constitution and laws of Congress.
FOU INSTANCE,
had tho lion. Carl Schurz been elected P resi
dent pro tempore of the Senate when ho
was a member, of that body, who will dis
pute his right and his duty in case of the
constitutional emergency? And yet he
could not have been President of tho United
States in any legal or pioper sense. Ho
could discharge tho powers and duties of
the oilice, however, but nothing more.
Tho Vice-President Is, by tho Constitution,
Invested with certain authority and power,
but he can by no means legally override that
Instrument. Uo Is elected to a certain oillco
mid sworn to perform its duties, and none
other. Under well-dutlned circumstances ho
la to act (is President. Ho need take no
further oath, and the taking of a thousand
cannot make him what he Is not— President
of tho United States. Hu Is neUhorax-otllcio
nordo jure UieCliioCExocuUvo of tho Nation,
but only do facto im acting olllcor of tho Gov
ernment "
Hut hero wo are confronted with throe
precedents which;-thoughtlcsiy, may seem
conclusive. Tho unchallenged assumptions
of John Tyler, Millard Fillmore, mid Andrew
Johnson form no legal tenureor oilice. Hud
cither called himself King or Emperor he
would iiavo been no more so than ho was
President. '
ANO.TUEU POINT
also appears in this connection, although It
bo tainted with thq’ odor of lucre and does
not rise above tho allgully of pestiferous
greed. The salary or tho Vice-President has
always been lixod bylaw. Hy what author
ity, thou, X ask, has tbo locum tenons drawn
amt appropriated tho Presidential wage?
Suppose (Jen. Garfield should languish upon
tho bed of pain whore tho assusln’u bullet
has placed him, for tho rest of his oltiolal
term, Is ho not entitled to and ought homot
to receive Uls full salary',* If Mr. Arthur, In
tho mean time, should act as President, by
what authority could he draw more than Ids
stipend us Vice-President? *
To bring the argument to a single mid
small point, can we have im\ro than one
President or tho United states at ono and
the same tlmu? 1 should like to see the
process of reasoning by which other than a
negative answer to this question can bo ar
rived at. And if In one contingency Die
Vice-President duos not mid cannot become
President, I would like to know how ho cun
succeed to that ufllce in any other. Perhaps
I have been prolix; and 1 may bo wrong; but
1 have stated my views and have done.
■“ T. O. Tuunkil
FAILURE.
Lawuukce, Hass., Sept. s.—ThoLawrunco
Worsted'HUU corporation has madoau as
slgnment.
Two Vermoui'lßoys ami a Hear.
JiurJ<ngftm4W.) Fnt i'mi.
Last Friday olgflt two lads wont up Mansfield
Mountain trout-lishlng, and spent tliu night In u
room ou tbo second tloor of tbo Halfway
House, which was otherwise empty. During tbo
night tboy wens awakened by tuo sound of sumo
animal scrambling In at a lower window. Thou
came sounds of scratching and cluttering on tho
' Uoor below, and thou up tho stairs. Thorough
ly alarmod, and having no weapons but pocket
knives, tho boya now sprang up and draw thoir
bad across tho door ip bar the entrance. Tbo
creature untno to tbo door, and, after snulUntr
the cracks, endeavored to nasn It open. The
buys crowded tbo bedstead against tbo door
with all (belr might, but woro in a way to bo
overpowered, wben, (hiding tbolr voices, they
shouted loudly ut tbo Intruder, Ho took (right
at tbo sbuutlug, and scuttled Oowu-staln and
out at the window. Tfie morning light showed
scratches on the door and widow-cusuuts, and
outside tbo wladow tho plain tracks of u pear la
-the soft earth.
REUPATH.
In the North of Ireland—Three
Days in Londonderry.
A Visit to tho Orlnnan of Aileaoh, Ire
land’s Ancient Capital.
County Derry Held by London Guilds—
What They Do with Xholr
Denials.
A Strong Revolt Against Landlordism—
Eleven Thousand Emigrants from
Derry in 18&0.
tfpcdiil CurmpomiuiM of Tht Chicago Tribune,
Lo.siioxdkiiuv, Ireland, Auer, Ith—Lon
donderry has a history that runs through
thirteen centuries. St. Colnmbn built a
monastery here ns long ago ns 54(1. Thu En
glish forces made their first entrance In 15*J0.
Two years afterwards a powder-magazine
exploded accidentally—for there was no
Skirmishing Fund In those days—and it
blow up the fort and the (own, and blew out
the British garrison. But tho crlmson-coat
ed curses came back to roost again In the
year WOO. They erected tho Fort of Cul
moro. Their commander, Sir Henry Dowcrn,
received from James I. a charter “for the
establishment and regulation of tho town.”
In 1008 Sir Cahur O’JJohurly captured tlio
town and burned It, and put tho garrison to
tho sword. Five years later King James
granted (most graciously as thn manner of
Sacred Majesty Is) a charter to tho Irish So
duty, which, after various confiscations, res*
(orations, modifications, .and renewals, en
ables thn Corporation—that Is to say,ltho City
Government—of Loudon to
ULldjIT TUB PllOSl'Kltm*
and levy tuxes on tho Inhabltantsof this Irish
city today.
Londonderry, Chester, and Berwlck-on-
Tweed uru tho three walled towns of tho
British Islands. Tho walls hero are well
preserved and kept in good repair. Several
of tho cannons that were used in tho defense
of Londonderry during the siege of 1089 nro
still In ihclrpositlonasntthattimo. Thu gates
and bastions are In perfect condition. They
servo to keepalive ancient hatreds of races and
cligions, andhonco tho English Government
takes care to conserve thorn. Tho public
buildings of Londonderry are solid struct
ures and rather handsome; and, like every
thing In. tho city, excepting tho Working
classes, they give evidence of a substantial
. prosperity In the past. There are numerous
relics of tho olden times in tho vicinity of
Londonderry; but, as there are hooks enough
Unit describe thqn, 1 shall nut: waste my
space and life in telling about them. But the
American who comes here should not fall to
visit the Grlanan of Alleueh, about three
miles from Londonderry. It Is n hill sur
mounted by a great circular fort, which En
glish guide-books sncerlngly describe us “a
Pagan ruin,” but which the Irish exultlogiy
depict ns
tih: skat of tiiciu ki.vuh
utter the fall of Tam. “ Here,” said Mr.
O’Doherty, yesterday, “hero was the capital
of Ireland 1,000 years ago, and here for 000
years the O’Neils ruled the country after the
dcstruetton of Tarn.*' The scene from this
summit Is one of the most charming land
scapes In Ireland. Thu fort cumimuids a
iinienllicent view of mountain, mid valley,
and bay, and rivers, nud loughs. You see
three counties. These old Irish Kings, to
use our •native tongue, “know their biz.”
No hostile force could approach them in any
direction without exposing Unjlr numbers
ami intentions. A thousand years ago I and
yet the same light Is kept up—not now be
tween native King and foreign invader, but
between Land League ana landlords, the
lineal successors of the Kings nud Invaders.
1 was taken to see tbo (Irlauau by Mr.
James 15, O’Doherty, who, as a solicitor, has
already made a long llghtugalustthe tyranny
of landlordism hi thlseouuty and In Donegal,:
and hv Mr. James Coll JlcLonghlln, the
President of the Irish National Land League
of Londonderry. Such notes of the conver
sation as remain X shall now write out.
Allot the County Derry was acquired un
der James 1.
IJV LONDON OUIL.DS.
Some of these companies 'have made a tow
Improvements in thoirugrlcultural holdings; •
but most of them have been shucking exam
ples of tho commercial spirit—they have
made the most of their prerogatives by let
ting out their estates to middlemen, as in tho
case of tho London Mercers. Vet, as a
whole, their character ns landlords on rural
properties, on an average, la bettor than that
of tho Irish landlords.
This Is Mr. O’Doherty’s statement, and it
confirms what X have heard elsewhere In
Ireland: that tho charge Is untrue which as
sorts that tho worst landlords aro tho pur
chasers under tho Incumbered Estates and
the Disestablishment acts and tho London
corporations. .Everywhere 1 Imvefoumlthat
tho “mild family” landlords are tho most
tenacious of their feudal prerogatives, and
the least merciful to their tenants, excepting
to those peasants, In certain cases and dis
tricts, who reside around their own “ do
main,” and who have lived fur generations
as semi-serfs to the Teac-mor, or castle.
Many of tho now landlords are brutal and
tyrannical; but not one of thorn excels In
avarice and eaprlcionsncss the late Lord
Leitrim, or tho present Lords Lucan, Sligo,
mid Lnnsaowuo. ,
XilK MOST HEARTLESS COIII’OUATION /
In all Ireland in its dealings with Us ten
ants is the Corporation of Trinity College,
Dublin. Nowhere have 1 seen such ghastly
squalor and such appalling wretchedness ns
in tho liovols of tho tenants of Trinity Col
lege at Cahliclvoen and in tho Island of Va
lentin, in tho County Kerry.
"What do those guilds do with tholr rent
als,” 1 asked Mr. O’Doholty.
*• They spend it for tho benefit of tho guild.
Noouo has any claim on It. Only tho Irish
Society that owns Uio site of Londonorry, os
I told you, holds Us right In trust for tho
people.”
“llow does tho Irish Society spend its
money?”
"It. scorned to bo philanthropic,” Mr.
O’Doherty, "but it was a great swindle.
It spent its Income or nearly ail of it in ban
quets in London and expenses of manage
ment; and does It yet. A largo body of its
members come over Imre every year and
make a grand progress at the expense of this,
fund;, and they have costly banquets in
Londonderry and Coleraine. Practically tho
Society does nothing tor the people, except
to give donations to some of the schools. If
Us revenue belonged to tho people of Lon
donderry. they would give ten times ns much
for schools, and reduce the taxes of tho city
one-half: Taxes in this city amount to live
shillings (n tho pound on Use valuation. The
tenants pay the taxes—that is S 5 nor emit
over and above their rental. In November
last a largo portion—ono-flfth or one-fourth—
of the city roll into the hands of tho Irish
Society by the lapse of long leases; and it
not only
DEMANDED THE HACK-RENTS
exacted by the middlemen (who built the
houses), but compelled the tenants to agroo
from quarter to quarter to keep their prem
ises in repair, and to give up possession ou a
quarter's notice. 0
“Theold tenants pot no compensationP”
“ None.”
‘■Docs not tho Ulster custom prevail In
this comity?’ l
, “Yes: In every part of It, and It always
has; but tbo Ulster custom never protected
city tenants.”
“ What does tho Ulster custom mean here?
I tlnd that It covers entirely different usages
in different parts of Ulster,”
“Tho Ulster custom here.” replied Hr.
O’Dohorty. “means simply .the right to sell
the good-will of a (arm. It doe* not mean
fair routs or fixity of tenure.’ The rents In
the County Derry liavo been constantly ris
ing, and tho revolt egalust landlordism Is
very strong here. They returned two Lib
erals for this county at the last two general
elections—a thing hitherto unheard of In
Derry. It was a direct pronouncement of,
tho I’rotestant farmers against the landlord
system. Xho landlord candidates wore
DEVKATfiD UV AN IMUBNOK SXAJOIUTY,
although uorsoually they were the most pop
ular men in the county.”
“What supports Londonderry?”
“Uhe city Uvea chlelly by shlrt-mauu
factorlos and general trade. In tho custom
portlou of tbo county the llnou trade Is nour
ishing; UierearuagooU many manufactories
there. These manufactories In Ulster have
enabled the farmers to pay rents that other
wise they could not afford to pay, because
not only tlio children would fro nml earn
monuy in tho fnetoilcs, but the people would
work at tills Industry hi tliolr own houses
with hand-looms. IF It were not Tor tho
manufiiclorli-s, Ulster, In spite of (ho Ulster
custom. would .soon ho almost ns distressful
n rminty us ('oinmughl.”
“ Mo nil the I,mlllon corporations retain
thi'lr old estates yet
“ Nn,” replied Mr. O'Doherty, '* not nil of
(hem: Hotnoof thorn have sold their estates
wkliin llio last euntnry. It has boon a nils*
fortune for tho tenants, as most of tho pur*
chasers have rack-rented them.”
“ What is tho general condition of tho
County Berry?”
“MAintA* unnsi'imous.
Tenant-right Is iiiiilo high. Thu counl.y was
largely nninaged by Knglbh agents and on
Hngllsh principles, hut mudilled by tho Irish,
or rather tho Ulster, customs. Of course,
with occupier ownership—lf every farmer
owned his land, ami every city householder
owned the ground on which Ins house stands
—wo should bn very much more prosperous.
Itolfast, with hccnrUy of tenure, is ten limes
the size of Londonderry; hud yet at tho era
of the Union It had no ehaiice of surpassing
or even ouuallng ns. Jhit our Insecurity of
tenure under the Irish Society has enabled
Belfast, with fewer natural advantages, to
outstrip ns. Von Imvo seen hero how in (he
former church-grounds buildings are spring
ing up In Londonderry; the same sudden In
crease of property would bo developed every
where If tho London guilds worn disestab
lished, amt their estates not sold to capital
ists who would become rack-renters, nml
continue tho old system, and add to Us bur
dens, but to tho actual possessors, nr to
farmers who would till the soli themselves.”
“Will tiro Land bill help (his country?”
“not much,
ns it will only help Iho already coinforlablo
farmers. Thu Lund 1)111 will nut prevent the
anmmt drain of money from tlio county sent
ns rent to absentee landlords; and, if routs
now should be fixed ut a reasonable rate, the
American competition will makowlmtwould
be a fair rent today a rack-rent In six years.
Vet, once fixed by tho Lund Court, tlio rent
must remain unchanged for fifteen years.”
“Is there mheh emigration from London
derry.*”
“Yes; Inst year snveuty-ono ships sailed
from Londonderry for the United Stales.
They curried 7,77. r i passengers. Plfty-lhreo
ships sailed to British North America, with
it, l»st passengers. This gives a total of 10,0-W
emigrants frrtm this port in ono year—an In
crease of over 187 U. Last year only WJ
emigrants returned—o 3-1 ot thoin from Can
ada.” Ja.mi:s Bkdpatji.
THE REMORSELESS AX.
Woodmen Kcfua© to Spare the Giant
Tree* or California.
• Sau rntneijcu Chroidcfe.
Wlien tho woodman pointed out the tree
he was about te'fcll our party looked about In
vain search for sumo place where Its fiOO
feet of trunk could stretch out without sub
mitting to tho necessity forced upon tho man
In the story, “whosp feet were too long and
tho bed was too short.” Xt could not be dune
without first clearing a path for it, we all
agreed, but tho woodman smiled a knowing,
superior smile. Wo looked again, when he
pointed down a slender path, fern-carpcted,
but clear of trues, that wc hud named “ Baric
avenue.”
“Dut can you direct tho lull of that mighty
redwood so that It will Ho in that path and
not email other frees in Its fall V” wo asked,
wonUerlngly. “The tree will full between
these two stakes, without disturbing either
of them,” tho woodman said, driving two
stakes fifteen feet apart, and l‘M) feet
from tho base of the tree. The
woodman and his assistants framed a scaf
folding around tho buttress of tho stately
pillar of Hod's temple, upon which they
stood, raised ton or fifteen feet above tho
ground, mid together solid their keen-edged
axes into tho rough, spongy bark. In the
shmiu of that grand grove they
looked like plgndesp and their instru
ments. of devastation like children’s toys,
yet In a few horns they would prostrate whni
Nature hud taken a thousand yours to raise.
No ardent lover of art ever witnessed the
destruction of his most admired sculptured
marble: no heathen ever saw his Idols shat
tered by invading Christian with more
poignant grief than ours when tho wood
man's ux first burled Inself In the patriarch
of all mir noble .Srpuola utqanlcn.
Thu Judies insisted upon returning to
camp, and said some unkind things about
the woodmen, and- were savagely severe'
upon tlie unreasonable railroad contractor
who had depfccatud Lholr sugglstlon to run
the track around the tree Instead of over its
roots. However, ns the tree was doomed
whether they, pouted in their tents or not,
their grief subsided sunieienlly in an hour
to allow them to be taken to a point whsre
tho overthrow .of the monarch could he
safely witnessed. We climbed up a trail
to u hill on one side of the tree, but found
the intervening branches too closely woven
to allow of mure than n doubtful view, ig
noring the trail, we descended, and In
view of your handicap of skirts, ladles,
you did make u most masterly descent I
How n lady who, Ift tho city, requires to bo
helped in and out of a carriage, cun in tho
country scramble through matted under
brush, swing down by hanging boughs, roll
overtttlluutrees,slide gracefully down a bark
chute, tumble, jump, fall, mid iimilly hind
at tho bottom of the hill cue! and collected,
though Hushed, Is a problem she probably
will never explain, if she can.'Whenwe
took our station, only a little way from the
wuochneif, wo found that they had finished
tho work tholr axes had to do, by cutting
nearly half-way through the tree on the side
towards which It was to full, and were then
driving a long double-handled saw into
the tree on tho opposlt side. Al
though the lower pontuu of the tree
still stood linn and motionless, the
graceful, lofty top was already slowly sway
ing, as though conscious of and silently pro
testing against Us fast approaching prostra
tion. it was a beautiful picture before us,
stretched In a frame of circling forest.’ Tim
fern brakes flourishing in almost tropical
luxuriance; trees fallen ages ago, some
blackened by fire, the decay of others hidden;
the vivid green of the baby acquonUt,
A half-score of our party, scattered about
in their picturesque camp costumes, amt all
Hocked with the light quivering down
through the Interstices of the-leafy dome
far above ns; tho light which "stole its
colors from the glow of Mars, tho sky's
deep azure, and the Ocean’s emerald." Jfiit
suddenly all eyes were directed toward the
doomed tree; its protest was no longer si
lent, u rattling report, os if a rlfio volley had
been fired, gave warning that the woodman’s
work was nearly dune, it sounded like a
desperate anguish-cry, which changed again
to a helpless groan. Wo held our
breaths. Tho towering head no longer
swayed In slow, solemn protect, but
moved convulsively. Then another cry.
Tho woodman Jumped from tho scaffold.
Tlihi steel had entered tho giant's heart, for
n stream of Its life-blood spurted out through
tho cruel out. Tho treo for a moment stood
motionless to Us lightest, farthest brunch,
then slowly bowed Ids head, tho whole
trunk shuddering, then with an awful
crunching, crushing noise that filled tho
wood with dismal echoes—walls of tho dy
ing monarch's mourning comrades—lt
plunged forward. The very echoes were
drowned then. There was a terrific crash
of wrested llifilis as a ragged rent was torn
through tho woven branches of tho trees, a
whirling, shrieking rush of air, a thunder
ing, deafening boom and shook Dial shook
the ground like an eurthnuoUo, ami life
less, bleeding, and scarred the giant lay low.
It was 001110 time before any of us moved,
or scarcely breathed, and when wo did. one
might have thought us pagan worshipers
drawing nigh tho smoldering ruins of a de
vastated temple. Wo found tho end of tho
trunk thirty feet from tho stump. This was
explained by tho woodman, who pointed
out that tho bark underneath the treo
had imbedded its rough surfueo iu tho
ground, and broken otf for somo distance.
Thu insido of the bark, when freshly cut,
is ns slippery ns ft schoolboy's fuvorft Ice
slide; and the tree, with its terrific forward
motion, tiad slid along on its own bark. As
wo stood I>y Uie stump, showers of light
green branches continued to fall from
the trees on either side of tho fallen trunk
until its nakedness was covered with the
soft green shroud, tenderly laid on by
pitying hands. W<f climbed up on tbo back
of tho prostrate sequoia and slowly paced its
entire length. Our progress was not imped
ed by limbs, of which tills mighty, redwood
was freu three-fourths of its length, and
those that hud grown near its top hail been
wfiippetf olf and splintered into frag
ments by its terrific meeting with the
earth. When wo readied Uio end of
its unbroken and symmetrical length wo
turned and looked buck, roficcting that on
the morrow the woodman would out tho
trunk Intq fourteen-foot sections; on the
next day ox teams, with their shunting
drivers, would drug these sections, stripped
of their bark, to tho nearest sawmill: on the
morrow after that grimy men would lay iron
tracks where the giant had fallen, and then,
greasy, smoking, and shrieking, the locomo
tive would come, desecrating the spot.
INDIANA.
Tha Coaroive Teetotal
and Its Meaning,
Interesting litigation Bet®.,.
Progressive and Orthoflo*
Quakers.
SptcUil ConttpoiuUnet of Tht Chita*, r
Indianapolis, Iml., Sept a .Jr,
display of energy and nctivitv* by *i
clvo teetotal people lu (his smm J, cc *r
boon In tho nature of a surprise p hM
oral weeks past, Uov. St. .lotm 'J , S€r *
{Jen. Neal Dow«f Maine. m „| Kan «s
well as Indigenous orators hnvpV* ollol ’
llveting addresses In dliferom JLuJ
Stale In 11 ns. advocacy of PreliiVit« 0 tte
iVon/foisfolirmir, the Stale orS n 'f The
Prohibitionists, Is (o ho romovpii 11 1118
innnrto this city, In order to ii,i5 olriSey '
elllelcncy by giving It a more centlau ltl
lion. Prom all of which It
Prohibition party Is t -dtdpu V orliigmi^ s^. a^!
membership with new eiithusUsm .l tl
r o,«swc,l,. 3 lo„a rtllcwtcm ;^
.1 list how much moru they ~
thing, an ’ l( «r-
IB INVOI.VKII IN’ UNC.'KIITAINTV
Do they mimu to mil „ l-mhlhuion ikt.,,,
the field next summer ? (* o j, wm c„ , a
ntid some other old polltloiiuis are
they do. It bo, tho nost Slum ulc ”| 0 „1'f
dlnna will he a BnlUlnn for Ilia Sm*
nns; forUio Prohibition people nhS"
out full of confidence in their ability toTS
with thorn many Democratic voles 17?
'variably, when llio votes arecouiuoaon/i’
night after tho election, there arc no fir
crntlc ones on tho Prolilbltlon ticket
there never will be. The Prohibit
people profess tlrolr Inability
liow It was done, and Immediately proc J Z
do It over again with tho same result r.,
I Imvo heard It Intimated by a person who
on excellent torms with the Jca.lmofto
Prohibition movement In tho State tliat l*rl
nnttlm Intention of iho I'rohlbitiohistj ta
put a ticket In tho field at tho next election
that their purpose has only tho generalscopi
WORKING UP A STIIOXO PUIIMC SEXtUim
in favor of Prohibition, In order to aid ton
with the next Legislature. Itwlll bo renum
bered that tho hist Legislature agreed to to
submission to Iho people of an amendment
to tho SJalo. Constitution prohibiting to
manufacture and sale of Intoxicating ||(ju oft
Before tho amendment can bo voted on.how
ever, it must be agreed to by a umlorltrol
each House ,ot tho next (Jenernl Assemblr
wlileh will meet In tho winter of issi it
will bo Important, therefore, for tlio Prohi
bition people to get a Legislature wliicli will
agree •to the submission of the pronoftj
amendment.
U is not at nil likely that such mi amend
ment. If submitted to tho doctors of tic
Staid, could bo carried. The Demomti
would, of course, vote solidly against it.
while perhaps u majority of the Republican
would bo found with thorn, it is nudouto
cdly true that ninny sober ami ordcr-lmlnf
citizens would vole for tho measure If thw
believed It would accomplish the good re
sults predicted by lls ardent advocates; but
tho trouble Is to get them to believe It
There is u widely provident feclingamou
tho best classes of our citizens Hmt Intcmwr
mice
CANNOT JIB r.BOIHLATKI) OUT OK KXISUSCI
by a simple “Dc It enacted." So much with
out reference to politics at all. Hal, looked
nt from a party standpoint, (tie leaden of
either-party see only defeat, disastrous ud
loiiß-cmiUnued, lu tho-advocacy of such i
measure. Even the action of the lastly
hdtiro is regarded by shrewd Jtepubllcaniu
a mistake; for, while It was nut .strlcllji
n puny measure, Doth Democrats und itepub-
Ucans voting for U. the legislature vtu t
Republican body, nnd that early is therefore
obliged to boar tho onus of it. Iknowila
argument was, Unit, tho Prohibition, people
had u right to be heard on the questico.
nnd that It was but fair to submit
it to the people, mid let them say whethfl
thoy wanted it or not. And the argument U
sound and plausible. Dnl (he opponents ot
XTolilbltlou,
TUB (IUBAT MARS OB (JKIt)tAX CITIZENS
throughout (lie Statu, are disposed to sir
Unit those who introduce such a income,
amt are willing to submit it to the kuilrum
o£ the people, can only bu regarded m it
Hiring Us success; for, if they believe it 19
bn unwise or improper, what good purpose
is (0 bu trained by tho expense of nu election
to vole it down There are those who whit
that the Ibiuor question, with all Us tact
dents mid accompaniments, might he reto
gated out of politics to the region of home,
church, and school discipline, where the;
believe it can be most elfectively dealt witiL
But UlO tendency of tho times Is in the up
posit direction, and tho ITohihlllou ghost re
fuses to bo excluded from the arena of {rail
lies. This being tbo case.lt is moreorleo
wisely dealt with according to lliosnpwui
of tile political leaders at any time upoef;
most. Just at ttio present timu in Indiana It
is not wortli while to lie so gingerly about
the matter as not to say that the rccuruol
the lastTiCglsiaturo on tills question puts the
Kepubllcans Ift anything but a hltarlousi;
hopeful condition.
QUAKBTI LITIGATION*.
Thesuit which has been on trial hereto!
several slays past before a special Judge, p
lion. Itnlpli 11111, between the twobranclirt
of tlio Society ofrFrlemls, is of much nwrj
than local Interest and Importance. 1 0 staw
it briefly, the suit is to recover a bequest®!
51,500 made to the While Lick "iearlyM«t;
log; and UlO only question in tho case l *
whether tlio Progressive or Urn driMoiu
branch of the Friends is tho true Church,
mid honeo entitled to tho Had. lh« w a j£
room wlioro tlio case Is being hoard prtwmJ
an Interesting appearance by w*w»
of tho character of the litigants. 3lttJ
prominont mombersof tho society from ouw
States mid Canada are present: and.
looks over tlio audience, ho is Impressed dj
the number of venerable laces, both of o« 8
and women. Several of tho witnesses
nmliicd are upwards of 70 years old, y«
ter witnesses wore never Interrogate « •
court of Justice. Calm, coherent,
Ivo, mul intelligent in their manner of
lying, ono cannot hour them without fwim*
that it is not a question of money, hut of
Hclentloas devotion to their faint, widen w
uppermost In tliolr minds. ~ .
Altliough tho sum involved In Uiepre«D
suit is small (Indeed, has probably been«
consumed ore this In defniyhigtho®*|*“.*?
of Urn litigation), there nre*mWha««»£
1 nrs f worth of property throughout P.
Union depending on Hie decision; Jot *..
is the first case that lias over been IjWJJL
before tlio courts to determiao jjldc 1 b.
true Society of Friends. The
tween tbo branches are. I presume, p«z
generally umtoratnod, 'JIIO
as they call tliomsolves, or are catwj
and who, I believe, constitute a
Jority of the entire .
the present time—have departed.
the old talth and of"-
Church in the following sub.siniil
Jars; They have singing in t dr
worship; call on persons lo suti
or to stand up In confess bn; rw
In meeting; have less slloiiro, «|J J’JJJ,
in revival services, having mo#
to UlO munniers' bench In n", ®}'LKjJiw
fashion as the Methodists. . dteo
discarded many of tho peculiarm*-
which formerly characterized, t fl' f* IW .
mul are, In a word, what (heir
progressive. Tho. Orthodox JL jdiio
course, those who disapprove of wgj pj ef
vatlons, and who stand fast b) U»om
of tilings In all Its ancient vlgm- , th s |dw
Kmlnont counsel are oasragedo at 1 ver r
of tho case; mid Judge
thorough and painstaking JudiM MR rrt( t
tng with great care, 11 order f‘2 UJ)K ni#
record may bo obtained for J»8 0 |j
Court; to wbleli tribunal theta.® y j U(J p)
iieulod for tinal decision, atSdecblou
lull's finding may be. Iho jrtuwd W
of tho case will bo awaited win**
UlO Society of Friends ever) v> iIC ||6osi«n.
Medical Virtue* of itoe '* ater *
• *wl uimJ oftT «»L.
Watermelon contains
tbo purest water ami a trncoof [WJj , w t («£
aud uotblmr baa yet boon
nlahet no perfect and speedy a S „otbU*« «J*S
mer complaint us watermelon. t up
Even when Uiurrbuju has been *®fl , M diie»*
tinned oulliijf tif erJluary fja~ “ L^rtPS;,^-
but become ehruulu, lhia
It It little more,—wotLTUiolon. *•*
or three timet a day. baa aibj'd » o urt • .
known to work woodoni and, I JI
«U tbe ptual remedies bad labjSi—-—*

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