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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, October 12, 1881, Image 4

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@l w Sfoifoats.
Dally (Million, one year «!«•«<>
I'arw of a roar. per montli * !•««
Dally nud flundo/.onp year. 14.00
Tucartav, Tmiraclay. anil Mutnrday, ptryenr.. O.CO
Honda., Wmlncinlay. and Friday, peryoar... 0.00
Monday, 10*pa«o edition, per 0.00
One cony, por year,
rhth nr iiTo.
TwentT’ono coplot..
Specimen ooplon tent free,
dire Pon-Omco oddrott la Cull, Including County
Remittances mar to ma£o ollhor by draft, express,
Po*t-Offlca order, or tn registered letter, at our risk,
Unity, dellrored, Bnndny excepted, fifl cents pbr week.
JLlilly. dellrered, Sunday Included, no cents per week.
Corner Madison and t)enrborn«st«..tl>ilcauOi 111.
SnttuiaWitPott-Ofllc* it t dilf-nyt, III* at Sworn!*
L'ljii JfaUrr.
Forth#bentfltof nnrpfttroni who to tend
•tnglecoples of TOR TlttuuNß through the mall, wd
gtyo herewith tho transient rate ot poiuua:
riwrlff'i *mrt DnmttUt. Per Copy.
Blffbt ten, twelve. nnd fourteen pwro paper..a cent*.
Sixteen, ewlitcon. nnd twenty prut# poiwr..,,:* oenu.
Twenty-two and twonty-lotif pita# paper...... . 4 cent*.
tttt. rmcAoo TntmrsE has c»miill*hoJ branch
eOcoefortho recolptof subscription* and adrerllse
meats ns follows:
NKW YUUK—Room ZiIYU/Une Building. g.T.MO-
Faudkk, Mnnwer.
ULA9UOW, Scotland—Allan's Araorlcao Nows
Agency. 31 Ronflold-st
LONDON. Kng.-AmoHcan Exchange, «9 SUand.
Xlknuy K.un.ua. Aaonu
V ASIiiNUTON. D. C.-13I9FstreeU
llaverlr'i Theatre.
Monroe street, between Clark and Dearborn. Kn
gnyonieut of John McCullough. Aftoruoon-“Tho
End? of Lyons." Evening—" Othello."
Olympic Theatre.
Dark street. he «e«n l.nku nm) llandolpb. “Fur-
Dished Kyoto*." Afternoon and Evening.
Hoolcy’s Theatre.
Usnfolph street, between Clark and Pall®.
Enirsßcnient of Thomas W. Keene. Aflornoon
" The Fool's Uovengc." Evening-" itlcliard III."
Grand Opera-lfonse.
Ctnrk street, opposU new Court-House. Eniniae
niont of Hie Union-Square Theatre Company.
••Felicia." Afternoon and Kvcnlag.
McVlcUrr's Theatre.
Madison street, teiweeu Slate and Dearborn.
Enjmgcmeuiof Miss Mary Anderson. " Itomeo and
Juliet." ____
Academy of SXusle.
Hoisted iiroot, near Mmlivon. Wcu SUI«. Variety
eutertatmuonl. Afternoon and KvvtiUitf.
l.ycetim TJieiitri*.
OesptnlDos street, near Madison, West Side. Vari
ety eolurtulumeiit.
Criterion Theatre.
Corner or Sedjtwlclt nnd Division streets. Variety
entomlmuout. Afternoon und Lveulng.
ludn«tflt»l Itxi»o,Ulon.
Lake-Front, opttusll Adams street. . Open day and
evening. .
l.\ our article upon the future Library
Building In yesterday’s Tinnuxi:, In which
the levying of a general tax was urged ns the
only practical method of securing the neces
sary sum (S 300,000) In three annual Install
ments, It should have been staled that the
proper authority should be obtained from
the Legislature empowering the Common
Council to levy such a tax. It Is the only
deflnlt way in which the money cun be
raised and the most legitimate way, as In such
a case the entire community would be inter
ested In the library nnd Us wise manage
ment would be guaranteed.
Tiik announced resolution of certain of
the residents of Fort Davis “to believe In
the Innocence of Llout. Flipper, whatever
the verdict of the court-martial may be,”
borders very closely on the domain of the
burlesque. It ussumes that the officers of his
regiment are capable of Joining hi a ciim hml
conspiracy against him, and that there Is not
one honorable man among them. A pre
sumption of Innocence In behalf of Lieut.
Flipper is proper and commendable, but a
presumption of guilt on the part of ull Ills
brother-officers Is not so clearly reasonableor
just. There are some suspicions circum
stances connected with Lieut. Flipper’s ease
that his friends will have difficulty In ex
plaining before the court-martial.
Mu. Sciiunz would not be surprised at any
time to learn of tho discovery of a rim,' in
the Pension-Office. “Tho most watchful
man at tho head of that bureau could not/’
lie says, “protect tho Treasury, for tho ex
partu system gives so great an advantage to
the fraudulent claimant that the discovery of
such practices Is hi must coses n matter of
accident. It Is almost Incredible, but strict
ly true, that under existing laws pension
claims ore adjudicated upon mere ox-paiio
evidence. This is adlrcct Invitation to fraud,
and that Invitation has been very extensively
accepted." The statement that a ring has
been found in the olllco Imppilv proves to bo
premature. But it is a mere question of time
—and a short the existing sys
tem will produce rottenness and corruption
in every department of the pensions service.
Tire San Francisco Chronicle makes the
direct charge tlrat the recent outbreak of the
Apaches in Arizona and their attack upon
Gen. Carr’s command was entirely need
less and was precipitated by Agent Tiffany
and Geu. Wlllcox, who commands the de
partment, for the purpose of bringing on an
Indian war with a view to speculation, and
that the episode has already cost the Terri
tory aiutlllon dollars and will cost still
mure. It condemns tho order to arrest tho
“medicine man" who was promising “to
raise tho dead chiefs and array them against
the whites" ns absurd, and says:
It does uot appear that this “ medicine mnu ”
wus really having any dunguruns Itilluonco over
ibolmllaus; certainly not enough to precipitate
a war. Tho latter preferred to wait unU wo
what would come of these predictions about
resurrecting dead chiefs. Uf course, If tho old
warriors were raised up. according to promise,
that might be the signal fur war. llut ll' other
wise thuio would bu nuHignnl tor war. Tuo lying
“medicine matt” would bu buried us deep ns
uuy of the chiefs. This Indian prophet appears
to have bud mure Intlueucu over (Jen. Wlllcoif,
Agent Tiffany, and u number of other officials
thuubo bad over the ludluus themselves,
All the local papers hi Arizona confirm the
Chronicle in its view of tho case, und if their
statements aro correct It certainly seems
that it would hnvo been butter to have
waited for tbe failure of tho mudloinu man's
rcsurrecllonary policy, and then tho Indians
themselves would have saved Geu. Carr Uto
duty of going to arrest him.
One of the most remarkable things con*
nected with the present campaign In Wiscon
sin is the red-hot love which the Democratic
newspapers are manifesting on alt suitable
occasions for the success of the ticket nomi
nated by IheProhlbltloulsU. Tluj Democrats
of that State have generally beep on the side
of the brewers and liquor-sellers whenever
Die temperance question was In Issue, and
have always seized upon every opportunity
to avail themselves of any prejudice en
gendered in the minds of the furclgn*boru
citizens by any foolish enactment that looked
like an abridgment of whut those people
considered their '* personal liberty." The
Democrats always vote solid lu the
Legislature against any Interference with
thq how of free whisk), or to lucteaso
the prk'O of licenses, ami are generally
known as In favor of Iho largest liberty to
Iho largest number. lint now they mani
fest anch unusual Interest In tbo cadso rep
resented by Mr. Kanouso anil bis handful «t
Impracticable followers ns would lend one
to believe they had experienced a change of
heart In this respect If tliolr sly methods
were not well known. They see In tho
prohibition movement a small and !n
--slgiilllcant tender for the rotten old Demo
cratic ship, and so they encourage It alt they
can. They know very well that Mr. Kanouso
cannot get a single voto from a Democrat,
and that It docs no hurt to put him on tho
back and extol his Independence “In vindi
cation of a nrcat principle.” Tho Democrats
ami tbo Prohibitionists In Wisconsin arc
hunting In couples this year, and both parties
are trying to obtain votes on false pretenses.
.9 i.r.o
It Is worthy of note that the Methodist
clergy talk and act very much like ordinary
nnregenerato mortals In conducting proceed
ings in an ecclesiastical court. In the Thomas
case, when the Hev. Dr. Hatfield rose to make
the closing argument for the prosecution, ho
remarked that “he bad no unkind feelings
towards the defendant,” and that “he would
act ns If In the presence of (Sod.” lint soon
tuo carnal nature of the man got the better
of the meek nnd lowly Gospel minister, nml
he poured hot shot into the camp of tho
heretic. Following are specimen bullets:
'You might os well go to u plaster of'parts
statue us to look for gush in itirum W. Thoru
us. . . . L)r. Thomas Is n winter of words;
hu plays with thorn as n Juggler plays with bis
copper bulls. ... Dr. Thomas. In n certain
thcuirc, dispenses, or dispenses with, iho
Gospel. . . . I toll tuy brother by tho (Into ho
has rldilcn his hobby to tho city of brotherly
love It will bo so wlml-hrokon and spavined and
foundered tbnt It will bo ready forthubono
yanl. . . • Methodism has become n well
dlgcstcd system of theology, mighty In her
articles of religion. Without those she would be
like a Jolly-tlsu, or a body without-bone. She
would be like u couple of Kilkenny cuts tied In
n bug. ... On the question of the atone
ment, a number of sermons rwUtd and doctmnl
fur i/k ; iiirin*e, wore introduced to show T»r.
Thomas' views. Those sermons worn published
by a man named Uoerboworor Ueerbtuwer. . . .
The vlcurlousiioss of love, whatever It in. moans
nothing but an emasculated Gospel nnd u bastard
religion. . . . The Methodist belief Is In an
Intolerable Hell, und therein It differs from
Unlversalism. . . . la one of Ur. Thomas’
sermons there Is the most gushing description of
tho glories of Hell.
These choice passages of rhetoric, more
forcible than polite, culled from the speech
of a great Methodist divine, show that the
Church is In a state of militancy. Amt this
view is strengthened by tho fact that the
trial of Dr. Thomas for heresy is scarcely olt
before tho trial of Dr. I’nruhurst for alleged
“defamation”mid “lying” Ison. DuttliUU
not the “Church militant ” described by Uleh-
urd Hooker three hundred years ago: •• The
Christian Church on earth, which Is supposed
lo bo engaged In a constant warfare mpifmd
Iftfcnemfwr.” Thu warfare here U among
Its friends. Ur. Thomas Is charged with the
guilt of heresy by his brethren, Drs. Hatllehl
and Parkhurst; nnd Ur.Pnrkhursllschargcd
with the crimes of defamation and lying by
his brother Dr. Thomas. Wouldn’t it bo
better, brethren, lo turn your guns against
the common enemy, his Satanic Majesty the
Devil? ■
Tjik objection to the conduct of the Demo
crats of the Senate Is not to the election by
them of a President of the Senate pro frm.
If they have enough votes for that purpose,
hut Ule objection is, that they excluded three
Scmitor*, whoso election Is uncontesled, re
fusing to allow them to be sworn In, and
thereby, while a minority, obtained the
power by which they elected Bayard. These
three Senators hud been elected during the
recess to till three vacancies which had oc
curred; of the election of these Senators to
II these vacancies there was no question;
mlr election was notorious, and their cre-
dentlals were presented and of record. But,
as these three Senators were not allowed to
be sworn In. they could not vole until they
had taken the oath of office, and this the
Democrats, being in a majority In the absence
of those entitled to vote, refused them per
mission to do. By keeping the three Senators
outside the bar of the Senate the Demo
crats were for the moment in a majority of
those admitted, und therefore elected Bayard
President pro tern. The pretense that no
oath of office could bo administered to a Sen
ator except by the Vice-President or a duly
elected President pro tempore was not only
false, but extremely shallow and dishonest,
as nearly all the precedents were against It.
There are but one or two oases where the
offices of Vice-President and President pro
tempore have boon both vacant at tho same
Him*, tho practice having always beuu for the
Vice-President to vacate the chair Just before
the clow oi the session toenablethußcnaleio
elect a President pro lempnre, ami thlsolllccr
Is declared to hold that office until otherwise
ordered by tho Senate. When Tyler and
Johnson became Presidents by the death of
Harrison and Lincoln, there was a President
pro tempore of the Senate already In oltlcu,
he having beon elected at the preceding
session. When Fillmore succeeded Tay-
lor, tho Senate was In session, and
tho Senate elected a President pro
(<m On tho ffd of March, 1851, Urn
terms of otllcc of onc-thlrd of the Senators
expired, Including that of Mr, King, who
was then President pro fern, of the Senate.
There were, of course, eighteen to twenty
Senators to be swum In, and there was
neither Vice-President nor President pro
tcm. Thereupon the oath of olllco was ad
ministered to Mr. King by a Senator, mul ho
was theiiclccled President pro femjtoir, and
lie administered thu oath to tho other Sena
tors. Tho pretense that there is any law that
prohibits Uto administration of the oath of
olllco to Senators by nuothor Senator is too
absurd to bu treated with tho least respect,
and it becomes disgraceful when used as an
apology for refusing admission to threu Sen-
ators hi order to grasp tlio olllco of Presi
dent pro lent. Having elected Bayard by an
accidental majority, obtained by thu forcible
exclusion of three Uepubllcan Senators, thu
Democrats then admitted Mr. Aldrich, Lap
hum, mid Miller, thereby confessing the un
worthy motive for tholr exclusion.
Dr. Thomas Is at lust relieved from nny
further anxiety as l« the question whether
he la u Methodist, and Is ordered mit of the
Church, bag and baggage, by the Hock Ulver
Conference. The trim apparently was a fair
one. The defendant was allowed un ample
hearing and availed himself of it In a man*
nur that will commend him to liberal and
charitably disposed people. Whatever we
may think of Dr. Hatfield's manners, heat
least staled what ho believed .Methodism to
be In iv sledge-hummer way tbut admits of
no questioning or cavil, and that statement
was received and Indorsed by the largo
majority of the conference. If Ur. Hal*
field’s views are correct, and Methodism Is
what he states It to be, then there
Is nothing harsh or Illogical In the expulsion
of Dr, Thomas. He should go, and not
stand upon the order of his
Hatlleld’s views of Methodist doctrine arc
correct, then Dr. Thomas was not preaching
them, and It Is equally clear that ho cannot
remain In the Church and preach the Hat*
tleldlan doctrines which have been pro*
pounced good Methodism by the conference.
While Dr. Thomas may still think himself a
good Methodist, It is evident that there are
some two of his clerical brethren of onecou*
ferenee who think dllfereuUy. Dr. Thomas
may be right; likewise the may be
right-ond both may bu whnig; but the de*
clslon rests all tbo same with tho majority,
and tho majority do not bcliuvo as ho
docs. Dr. Thomas may think It Is hard
to bo put out of tbo Church, but
bis latobrnthreii would have thought It hard,
perhaps, If he Imd remained In H, so that
honors arc easy on that score, and also on
'the score Hint both sides are sincere In their
views. Fortunately, In these days, Dr.
Thomas Is In no danger of fagot and lire or
wearing tho uneasy crown of a martyr for (its
heresy. Thore Is nothing harsh In his expul
sion. He can go out and organize a now
church, and tho more churches-the bettor.
He will have a larger church than over be
fore, and, butler still, ho can preach what he
believes to people who believe what ho
preaches, nnd tints will have mentor power
and Inllutiiieo limn over before, lie will In
terest more pcoplo, Jle will haven bigger
salary. Hewlll bo unrestrained bydognmtlc
fetters, llewlll have no Hatfields to assault
him ami no Parkhursls to talo-bonr about him
and exchange tittle-laltlo with bohemians.
He will huvo every opportunity to becomo a
great moral power, mid Instead of preach
ing to the sheep who have not pone astray,
can preach to the Hocks that are outside of
all orthodox folds, and who have more need
of preaching than the former. More than
this, he has another great consolation. Ho
was acquitted outright on one specification.
On the other two there was a serious dis
cussion In his favor on tho part of tho Jury,
somewhere In tho proportion of nine to six,
showing that there Is leaven working hi tho
lump. Who knows, therefore, whether If ho
goes on with his work outside tho fold nml
waits patiently tho fold may not in time
come up to his ground nnd accept a more
liberal view .
Dr. Thomas charged Dr. I’arkhnrst with
I) defamation of character and (*J> lying.
The charges were based upon a printed Inter-
view between Dr. Parkhuvst and one Am
brose, a newspaper reporter for a city paper,
and an alleged denial thereat by I’arkhurst
subsequently. Tho Interview set forth that
Parklmrst had declared Thomas could bo
put on trial for beer-drinking In saloons,
card-playing, and thealre-gohic. Tho denial
subsequently made by Parkhurst was, that
he had hud no such conversation “with a
reporter,*’ and had authorized no such pub
The prosecution contented Itself with sub
mitting the aHUlavlts to sustain tho charges.
Dr. I’arkhursl's defense consisted almost cn-
tlrely of his own .statement Thu wholo c«.so
whs certainly Informal, ami amounted lo lit*
tie more tlnm tin explanation on the part of
Ur. Parkhurst of how he came to bo a tale*
bearer un Ur. Thomas.
Ur. Parkhurst admitted having liml a con
versation with Ambrose on thu day speellled,
In whleh Ambrose called upon him for the
grounds of thfe statement in his speech at
Thomas’ preliminary trial that “gray-halrcd
mothers were weeping over the downfall of
their sons” as a result of Ur. Thomas’
teachings. Parkhurst sought to make good
this statement, lie said that, one tiny when
he had preached a strong temperance, or
rather total abstinence, sermon, three per
sons—Arthur Dixon, L. W. Turner, and an
other (name not given)—objected to Ids
radical, teetotal views, and were said to have
told liliii that Ur. Thomas was in the JmMt
of drinking a glass of beer at his lunch or
dinner.” Ho also said that Hill, a theatrical
manager, tried to Induce him (I’arkhurst) to
attend one of Denman Thompson’s per
formances, and told him that the Revs.
Collyer and Thomas had been to see the
amusing piny of ‘’Joshua Whitcomb.” Ho
further said that another person, whoso
name he refused to give, had told him of go
ing to Thomas 1 house on one occasion where
he foundsonm young people playing asocial
game of cards In the parlor. These things
he (Parkhurst) had repealed to the “ bohe
mian ” Ambrose, but did not know at the
time that Ambrose was a newspaper re
porter, anu hence did not lie when lie said
suhscuncnlly that he ” had no such talk
with a newspaper reporter.” This was about
all there was to the trial, except that It came
out that Ambrose had been pretty generally
known at Luke Bluff us a reporter for a Chi
cago paper for several years.
The fact seems to be, then, Unit Ur. Park
hurst repented these hearsay stories about
Ur. Thomas, but did not originate them;
that ho was merely a tale-bearer; that ho re
peated them without warrant, seems to ban
proper Inference fiom the fact that Dr.
Parkhurst made no effort to verify their
truth either before or at the trial. Whether
or not his denial of tho Interview with a re
porter, which was construed to cover a de
nial of,the whole affair, was an evasion or
prevarication seems to be still a matter open
to consideration.
It may bo that Arthur Dixon and others
said that Ur. Thomas had drank a glass of
beer with his lunch. It may be that Dr.
Thomas, who la a man of slight frame and
delicate health, has drank a glass of beer at
some time with his meals to give him
strength. Would such a fact warrant Dr.
Parlchurst In saying In a general and of
fensive wav that Dr. Thomas was in tho
habit of “drinking boor in saloons";* Would
tho drinking of a glass of beer for dietetic
purposes warrant the expulsion of Dr.
Thomas from tho Methodist Church'? There
are live or Herman Methodist churches
In Chicago. Does i)r. Purkhurst think
that none of tho Herman members of
these churches ever drink beer*.* If, on
tho contrary, tho German Methodists
follow tho national habit of drinking beer at
their meats, docs Dr. Parlchurst maintain
that they uught to be excommunicated cn
mouse from tho Methodist Church'.* As to
card-playing, It seems that Dr. Parkhurst’a
Information was, that a number of young
people had been seen playing cards in the
house where Dr. Thomas lived. It Is known
that Ur. Thomas for a considerable time
boarded In u largo house where there were
u number of other boarders. Would It bo
fair to hold Dr. Thomas responsible for a
social game of cards by youngsters at a
boarding-house 1 . 1 There Is no hint or Insin
uation that they were playing tor any larger
stakes than for fun and amusement. Was
Ur. Purkhurst warranted in telling that Dr.
Thomas could bo tried for eard-plnylng be
cause some children had been playing “old
maid " in a house where lie boarded '/ The
remark that “ Ur. Thomas was In the Imull
of gulag to the theatre" was similarly based
upon hearsay evidence—Urn statement of one
man that Ur. Thomas had been to thu theatre
once, on which occasion he saw “Joshua
Whitcomb" from a private box where he
himself was not observed. (And we wish to
Inform our Methodist friends that Dill was
right in saying to Purkhurst that the play
was half us good ns a sermon. It is piore\
tender and pathetic In some of tho acts than
any sermon ever preached by the Udv. P.)
The Discipline of the Methodist Church ts
very strict us to drinking, card-playing, and
theatre-going. Such practices are regarded
as very reprehensible and blameworthy.
Then It was certainly n serious matter to
charge them openly upon a minister of the
Church. £uch charges became even more se
rious when they were made against one min
ister by another minister, Yet It seems that
Dr. Purkhurst made them freely, not alone
• upon hearsay evidence, but upon remarks
i which did not intimate that Ur. Thomas was
i in the habit of drinking, playing cards, and
• going to the theatre us u practice. U uUu
appears that Dr. Parkhnrst admitted on his
trial that ho had nmdcsuch statements nhmit
Thomas, but did nol undertake to substanti
ate them. HU only defense, In point of fact,
was that ho did not originate the charges
which ho repeated nnd did not furnish them
to a reporter for publication.
Upon this case tho Jury In tho Farkhurst
trial—the committee representing Urn Meth
odist Conference— brought hi a verdict of
acquittal, unanimously exonerating Dr.
Parkhurst of slander ns well as of lying.
This was certainly a curious disposition of a
serious matter. Tho effect of such atrial
and such a verdict will not ho to make Dr.
Thomas appear any blacker to fair-minded
Methodists, nor to condemn drinking, card
playing, and theatre-going more than the,so
practices wore condemned before; butltcan
hardly fall to create the Impression that care
less defamation ot character Is not regarded
by tho Church authorities ns a mailer of
much consequence. Upon tho warrant of
this trial' good Methodists may fairly con
clude Umt they cannot bo held accountable
for repenting to their neighbors anything
which theyhenr In derogation of the char
acter of oven brethren In church. Slander
thus takes on an entirely new meaning. It
may still bo slander to invent Hcaudalous
stories, but, 11 Is not slander to give them
currency In private conversation. This Is
not the rule which had prevailed In the
Methodist tjhurch hi Illinois up to this lime.
The I’arkhnrst case ought to have been
tried on Its' merits, without reference to tho
Thomas heresy ease, which seems nut to
have been done.
Tho Paris correspondent of tho London
hut*, In noticing tho recent death of tho
English Harmless Ellenborongh hi that city,
revives some memories of her very remarka
ble career which suggest their own moral.
Jane Ellzabtdh Ellenborough, who In her
lime was greatly admired, married the Huron
Ellenborongh at tho ago of 17. Ho was a
man of line attainments, hut of overweening
self-conceit, mid was so emphatic In the as
sertion of U that he would never consult tho
wishes or rights of anyone about him, not
even of his own wife. His diary was recent
ly published, and Us criticisms of his con
temporaries are ns bitter ns Carlyle’s, and
there was not an cilice in the (.lovernment
which he did not believe ho could lUI
better than Its occupant. Ho even ex
pressed surprise that CScorgo IV. did
not admit him to his social con
lldence. As to his wife, ho never mentioned
her at all. Ten years after their marriage,
the House of Lords granted them a divorce.
The separation did not trouble him at all, for
his marriage never Interested him, and the
coldness towards his wito had grown into
aversion at the time oftho divorce. Afterll,
he continued In his public career and made
some notoriety In the Viceroyalty at Calcut
ta. but finally died while still wondering
why the Government did not appreciate him
it his own estimate, ami in his death prob
ibly passed away the most egotistical man
n England.
Thu Haroness Ellenborough tookaalngulni
method of avenging herself upon her osvn
destiny. She was greatly admired In En
glish society, amt might have taken a prom
inent position, but she- deliberately throw
away all her opportunities ami saerlllml the
esteem she enjoyed and the position she
might have held. Stic dlsnpucarcd from
public view, and might have remained for
ever out of sight had It not been for M. Ed
mond About, the brilliant French writer,
who fauml her In Athens, after she had led a
career of dissipation In various parts of
Europe. He chronicled her odvenlures In
one of his volumes. When ho found her In
Athens she was Uio mistress of a Greek
soldier, who soon tjred of her and renounced
her. Her next allegiance was given to a
brigand, but, cither liia wild life nut suiting
icr or his treatment of her becoming In
tolerable, shu exchanged him for it Ucdonln,
who hail already n large harem which he
used to carry with him on his desert Jour
neys. Ills principal peculiarity was his
aversion to water, for ho never washed him
self. She soon tired of traveling about the
desert, and remained In Damascus, while
her dirty lord made his predatory
Journeys with the remainder of the harem,
Ih cared nothing fur her, mid she less for
bn, but she could not gel away, for she
found herself In a condition of slavery. One
day, however, her unwashed Uedouln died,
and sho was released from servitude, and
went back to clvlll/ed society in Paris, but
it would have nothing to do with her, and at
last sho died In obscurity, leaving several
Protestant and Mussulman children. Bho
sought notoriety and round obscurity. Idko
Lady Hester Stanhope, she expected to
dar.xlo the world with hor reputation, but,
unlike her. who hnd too iiuuiy Mums upon
her character to accomplish It. Disap
pointed m her married lire, she evidently
determined to sever ull recollections
of ll by going, to the opposit ex
treme and elTaco all recollections of
civilization and uncial fashions by hunting
np fresh experiences In savage life; but nil
In vain, for when released from them her
destiny hurried hor bad: to her own condi
tion'), but too late, for the world In which she
had once moved hnd forgotten her and did
not caro to ho reminded of her again. Her
life alter her divorce was ns much of mils-
appointment as luir< life hud been during
marriage. She only found that If she could
get along without the world Uio world could
gut along without hor. So hor whole life
was wrecked, and no compensation came to
her, the usual outcome of such freaks of
passion. With every opportunity before
her of taking a high position in Kiigllsh so
ciety, and of being more admired than ever,
she sought to uvengo herself upon hor cir
cumstances. lived In wretchedness, and died
In obscurity. .
The economic situation In England Is not
veiy reassuring lo British pride. Less tlmu
a thousand persons own mom than u quarter
of tho land of ull England and Wales, umt
twelve men own u quarter of that of Scot*
land. A handful of aristocrats own nine
lonllisof all the land In England and Scot*
land, and suck a round from tho cultivators of
tho soil of tho island exceeding AW millions
of dollars per year. Tho farmers am mound
to tho very earth by this bunion, ami tho
laborers aro kept In penury all their lives.
Thu whole tiling Is disgraceful lo British
Tho pauper class increases, and now num
bers eight hundred Mid llliy thousand in En
gland. Thu summer grain-thrashing Is over,
and tho yield Is oven 4umller than was antici
pated. Extensive arrangements aro being
made by a gieaUlennisUip company to Intro
duce Into England Australian beef and mut
ton on tho refrlflurntor plan, which has
already Hooded tho Island with American
and Canadian beef. Thom Is a steady drain
of gold to the United Status, which Is not
alfeeted by the rising wale of tho Bank of En
gland discount rate, and In the minds of
political economists and llmmders them Is a
growing apprehension that no power can
check thonutlluw. Ireland is in a statu of
chronic revolution. Tho elaborate land
measure devised and adopted for its paclllcn
llon does nut prevent riots, and has nut
softened a whit tho feeling of animosity
with which the Irish people regard tho
British Government. But tho amelioration
>f tho Irish lain! laws,while It doesnotqutot
Ireland, linA mused the agricultural classes
of Kngliind to a sense of (heir own wrongs,
nnd they are about to demand In their own
behalf morn than has been granted to their
Irish cousins.
Me Is blind Indeed who docs not discern
this situation portentous signs of a coming
volution. If tho Irish people, poor, almost
starving, despised, were able to wrench
the Government Important concessions
in the matter of tho land laws, which cannot
be greatly niodillotl without undermining tho
governmental system Itself, what may not
Uio English people accomplish when onco
thoroughly aroused? Tho spirit or John
Hampden stilt survives in tho English
people. Formerly they did not sent*
pie to dethrone Kings by divine right
intulo too much of their as
sumed preroßntlves. Nor will they heal
tutu now to itctlirono tho House ot Lords
mut tho Church establishment if they stnml
too lotiir In tho way of reform. They will re
call the fact Hint William tho Conqueror
cemented his power by tho conllscatlon of
tho landed estates ot tho conquered country,
that his retainers became proprietors of the
soli by force, that tliolr titles were Inscribed
by tho sword, not tho pen, and sealed with
tho blood of those who surrendered their
Hut the English are a law-abiding people,
ami they will llrst ask the poor privilege of
buying back these confiscated estates;
and wo be to the ruling class If 11 shall dully
100 long before heeding the request. The
hunting-grounds of Uio nobility mid gentry
must be opened to the plow; Urn game laws
must be abolished; peasant proprietorship
must he granted; there must he a rcinrn to
tho cm of the yeoman farmer, or
soon tho agricultural classes of Kn
land will bo beggars like those of Ire-
land. The lordly Inheritors of great estates
have robbed their tenants, ami yet
become poor. Tho land system, conceived In
iniquity, tho Iniquity of the force ofn h un
civilized ago, has completely broken down.
The farmers of England, oppressed by land-
lordlsm and taxation, liml themselves unable
to compete with those of the United States,
Canada, and Australia. Separated hyoeeuns
the caltle-ralsers and wheat and corn grow*
ersof America and the ranchmen of Aus
tralia are stilt able to meet and undersell
them at their very doors! Nor Is U possible
for England long to retain Us manufacturing
supremacy. Thero must bo a basis of agri
cultural prosperity for the manufacturing
Interest, or It, too, will topple to its fall. The
ruin of the agricultural class, In a word, In
volves the ultimate ruin of all classes.
This picture of the economic and political
situation in England Is not drawn on this
shleoftho Atlantic. U Is a more photo
graph of the cable dispatches which conic
over the wires daily. There Is a widespread
feeling of alarm In England which can no
longer be concealed, and there is a disposi
tion on the part of the people to grapple with
the emergency. Whether Mr. Gladstone has
the requislt energy to undertake so sweeping
umeasuruof reform, a measure whleh In-
volvcs the practical reorganization of the
Government, and whether his party has suf
liclent strength and virtue to carry It out, re
mains to bo seen.
netnnntt questions
ph printed In Tins
showing the mini*
»neh of the camll*
Convention on Uio
t chose Hcpnblicnn
'he following table
A correspondent in Cii
the accuracy of a panigvni
Tmnu.NK a few days ago a
ber of voles received by c
dales before tho Chicago C
lirst ballot from States that
Electors In November. T
gives tho vote in detail:
New lltumisblrc
New York
Ithmlu Island
dea «r
n candl
>f that I
lis Is tl
two mi
Oao of the Eluctuni
was cast for the Uopub
lllalno had the solid v<i
numlmitlng convention
tilled (o bo credited w.
the above table, and tin
ns wo gave It:
11l VI
It. 11
iq sumnmi
Wtmloiii ...
Thu total Is precisely twice the number of
Klectoral votes cast for {larlipld—‘M4. Tito
system of representation in the National Con
vention allows two delegates for each Sunn*
tor and Representative In Congress, and the
Klectoral vote of each State is equal to the
combined number of Its Senators and Rep
resentatives. Thus the table proves itself.
(Jon. Grant had !W4 votes outlie Ural ballot,
hut of these the following came from the
Solid South:
Alabama W
Arkansas 1-
FiorlUa *
Georgia o
Kentucky M
l.onirtlnna 2
Maryland 7
Mississippi «
Missouri til
NoribCarolina o
South Carolina, •. !•*
Texas....’ »
Virginia M
"Weat Virginia... 1
Total from Solid Smith....
Total from Hiqmbllimn tilutoa.
Total from Territories
Total for third term Ml
Thus AS per cent of Oon. Grant's vote cauiu
from the Solid South, u fraction less than II
per cunt from itupuhllcan Status, and some
tiling more than I per cent from the Terri
lories, ilr. Blaine's vote, on the other hand,
was divided as follows:
Total from Uopubltonn Hliilos 1W
Total from IJomocnnle Sltiiui W »s»j
Total from tho Territories U 0
Of Uie voles classified as from Democratic
States in Air. Blaine's column, ten were cast
by California, six by Nevada, and sixteen by
New Jersey. Alt these States weru good
lighting ground. Nevada never went Demo
cratic imlll last fall, mid Urn Electoral vole
In California was divided, while In New Jer
sey the result was extremely close. Thu com
bined •plurality for llnucoek hi the three
States was but a,ttl7, being ti.UlO In New Jer
sey, BtD In Nevada, and 7B in California. Mr,
Blaine would probably have carried all of
them In consequence of his advanced po
sition on the Chinese question, and would
certainly have carried California. They are
at least to bo Judged wholly dllferent from
tho rotten borodglistu tho South which al
most forced Dm third term on tho Uepubltmm
party. . Mr. Blaine had but 48 votes out of
or lUJtf per cent of his whole strength,
from tho Solid South, whereas Gun. Grant
hud M |ior cent of his voto from Hint section.
Since our correspondent In i\n Ohio imm
nm( apparently thirsting for Infommtlou
about the character of the voto cunt fur the
Ohio candidate, wo may Inform him that
Mr. Slienmtn’s supporters worn divided tin
Ver rrnt.
Total from Hepnbllcan States 4(1 4tHi
Total from thußolid South 47 WIV4
Ami thirty-four of his Northern votes, or
three-fourths of tho whole, cumo from his
own State of Ohio.
datively mu! absolutely Mr. Ulnluo had
much the strongest following from tlio
Noriliorn Stales In tho Chicago Convention.
Dividing the vote in tho convention on see*
tlonnt lines ns between tho North ami tho
South we gel tho following results:
The North
The Territories.
Wo print this morning ti communication
from a gentleman well informed ns to tbo
facts concerning tbo (inferential duties now
charged by the United States tariff upon cer
tain classes of merchandise tho product of
countiies east of tbo Cape of Good Hope,
when imported into tbo United States from
ports west of tho same cape. Tills lias been
10 law of tbo United States from Urn earliest
date, amt is a relic of tho barbarous naviga
tion laws of that time. Holland baa largo
and extensive colonies in tbo East Indies,
and Holland was a great commercial nation.
Tim productions of these colonies were
brought to Holland, and thcnco sold to tbo
other countries of tbo world. In order to
compel this trudo to bo carried on in Dutch
vessels Holland levied an export duty on all
East Indian productions when tho merchan
dise was carried in''Other than Dutch
vessels. This was part of tiro protective
system of former days, and has its advocates
even In these days of modern enlightenment.
When tho Untied States formed its tariff
It “retaliated” by imposing an additional
duty of 10 per cent on all East Indian prod
ucts when imported to this country from any
port east of the Capo of Good Hope. In
poinlof fact, Holland levied an export duty
on air Hast Indian productions when not
parried in Dutch vessels, and the United
States levied a differential duty of 10 per
cent when V'ast Indian goods were imported
In Dutch vessels. In other words, tho Dutch
attempted to piny tho hog, and were prompt
ly met by an equally hoggish proceeding
on the part of this country. For more
than halt a century tho two countries
maintained tills aggressive retaliatory leg*
Isliitloii, seemingly unconscious of tho ex
treme absurdity on both sides. In 18%) there
was a commercial treaty made between tho
United States and the Netherlands, nt which
time both countries had become somewhat
asham cd of tills retaliatory business, but
had not tho courage to abandon It. hut they
included in tlio treaty that when either coun
try should repeal Us differential duties tho
other would promptly do the same.
After twenty years’ lunger experience tho
Dutch Government, In 1874, abolished the
duties on its part, und culled upon tlio United
States to do the same, ns agreed upon In the
treaty of 1831. lint, owing to other business,
Congress has failed to lake the necessary ac
tion. Secretary Slionnau called tho atten
tion of Congress to the propriety und duty
of carrying out the treaty obligation by re
pealing the retaliatory duties Imposed by our
tarllf. Thu object of tho writer of the com
munication on this subject In this morning’s
TnmuNi: Is to point out that fut seven years
Congress has neglected this obligation of tlio
treaty of ISM,
Tito United States stands In relation to tills
subject of differential duties towards Spain
somewhat as it has stood forneurlyu century
witti Holland. Spain Is one of the countries
which cling to tho old and exploded system
of navigation laws with ns much devotion ns
tho United Slates. She levies an enor
mousduty on all mcrehandisu imported into
Cuba in any other titan a Spanish vessel.
Flour can be taken hence to Spain and
thence to Cuba In a Spanish vessel at one
half the cost that It can be taken for direct
to Cuba In an American' vessel. We export
merchandise to Cuba worth about $18,000,000
mutually, and Import goods costing SI)O,(XX),*
000. All litis trmlu uur vessels lose because
oC tlio selllah duties imposed by Spain. Our
exports might be doubled or* iiuadrupied
if tho two Governments could mutually
abolish these dllTcrontlal duties, which
nro only applicable to trade with litis
country. Cuban 'merchants have to go
to Europe to buy what they might more
conveniently buy In Mew York, llnlthnoro,
or Philadelphia. Our Consul at Matunzus
writes to our Government that tho Spanish
Government is prepared to reform tho Cuban
r California
dilates. Mr.
i Stale In the
therefore cn
mre voles In
ry would ho
tariff and abolish the special duties, provided
the United States will repeal tho law which
discriminates against goods Imported In
Spanish bottoms. All commerce between
tho United States'and Cuba Is now carried
on in Uritlsh or other Kuropeau vessels,
Spain umltliu United States being excluded
by their own Hostile legislation. If ttie
Unllod States would ropeal the anti-Spanish
discriminations, the Consul writes, “there
would be a constant stream of Spanish ves
sels to tho United States, and tho low rates
of freight which Uioy are In tho habit of
charging would be enjoyed by tho American
exporter, us they nro now by Europeans.”
Here is an oppoi Utility far the Secretary of
State. Let him have Uio Justice clone to
Holland which has been so long delayed,
and let him at once negotiate with Spain to
place the commercial relations of the two
countries on a civilized basis.
In his favorlt occuimtlon of sotting other
people by the oars, that somewhat loquacious
person, Private Dnlzoll, is undoubtedly a suc
cess. Ills latest achievement la this lino was
the putting nt loggerheads of the venerable
Tmirlow Weed and tho loss ancient but moro
lioUlgoront Clun.''Bborinnn. No member of tbo
Kbcrmun family bos over yot been found nt a
loss fur somotbtmr to say, and, to do thorn Jus
tice, they generally express iuoiiiholvos in a
enaolsu mid snappy manner. Having disposed
of Mr. Weed's statement, that ho personally se
cured the advancement of (Jon. Sherman, by
stating that “ this Is all nows to me," the (lon
oral bits his alleged benefactor aside blow by a
nicer ut tho old gentleman's laying down the
route of tbo famous march to tbo sea as
through tbo mates of Tennessee, Arkansas,
Mississippi, and the Carolina#, sud conveys tbo
gouontl Impression that tbu Hhurman family bus
slwnys propelled Us own canoe and proposes to
euntluuo tbo oporuuou without outside assist
ance. It Is very evident that (leu. tibortuan'a
lumper is not likowluc. It does not improve
with age.
Tub Supreme Court of Mnasochmolts Ims
douided that the rluglug of fnoiory bells ut an
curly hour of the morning is a iiulsanuo. A
similar deulslon was given not long agu In I’blla
delpbiu regarding n cathedral bell. Homo day
perhaps people living on tbo Nurlb tilde will got
up spunk enough to ascertain whether tbo rest
of several hundred pcuplo is tube broken at Q
o'clock every morning by tbo clangor of tbo bell
In tbuCaibodral of the Holy Name. Fentons to
whom religious services at that hour are an ab
solute necessity should provide themselves wltb
Tub editor of tho Now Vorlc Sun Is never
completely happy unless bo bas a private and
personal spook, to paraduwblcb before the pub
lic loblsgreat delight. Tbo particular hobgoblin
which Ur. puna is omreued about ut tbo pres-
out moment Is Mr. .lumen <J. Iltatnu, Sotrroinry
of Ktate. To Ibo distorted vision of (ho N>*
York editor Mr. nialiio la n very dunyormu
nponk (nr In Kolittf to lio), and hln Instant slip,
prennmn In n mutter of tlio greatest Impnrtanep.
Adopting tlio Chinese plan In such eases, tho
editor has Hcjnin beallmr a tom-tom In hoti»)
Hint tlio dreadful apparition may vanish. Mr,
lllalne, It seems, Is determined to bo Ibc.nbloiu
In 1881, whether anybody wants him to or
not, and con«C(|iii'nily tho llhortlus of thin poo.
plo are In linmlnont peril. Mr. Itaim Hun dlscev«
crod this political comet with bin own llttlo s ()r ,
glass, and deserves all (ho credit at (aching to
tlio work.
A.v Important tleeUlou was rendered in
ClncinimtllastHaturday In roirurd to tlio right
of toucher* hi llio public schools to administer
corporal punishment to pupils. William I’oun*
doling’, a touolioi*. had slapped nn 11-your-oij
boy on tbo face with etifllulont force to cause t
alltrht swelling of Iho check, hud thefathcrot
tbo ctilUl had him arrested for assault am] bnt*
tury. Tho court before which tho matter was
brought decided that tbo teacher had no author*
Ity under the law to inllict corporal punishment
onnnypuplllln his charge, and a lino was Ita*
Ziliilne. omm, iimii,
...asa ii» 4«
... 4rt 177 47
... 14 4
UH4 1301 V.l
An effort is being made bytho propriotors
of Rtcamsbljm running between this country and
Ruropoto chock, if not entirely prevent. tb«
gambling wtilcb is constantly irolng on amnuir
the passengers. Fokcr in the rnvbrit game, ami
(t has been cllscovoml that numerous profev
sioiml card-sharps travel on those' boats during
tbo season of heavy pnsaenger traillu for (Lt
sole purpose of roping in mid defrauding per*
nous with mure money than brains.
Tim exciting Intelligence is forwarded
from Now Fork that "IMwln Ilooth was so de
lighted with bln glimpse of tbo Osipor-uiv#
Dress Association tbu other evening that he bns
become and Ims already math
several purchases." dust what wild fascination
a dressmaking establishment van have fori
man, and especially a tragedian, Is not vicar.
It looks ns If Mr. Ilooth was becoming a buit
too too.
A ftTATUK of Marco Polo, has been fin*
tailed in China and sent to Venice, tlio lilrth
jilnco of tho famous traveler. It represents
him seated in a red easy chair, dressed in Oil
ncso costume, with the exception of thocluuk
mid imt, which arc of European sljlo. The
board and mustache arc painted blue, und alto*
gethor Ibo work is not calculated to produce a
favorable impression of Chinese art.
(iKoitfiK Francis Train announces that
ho has spoken Ids lust speech and written bis
lust letter. Tlio people of Chicago tiro tie*
looking at Mob with a llxcit, sternly gaze.
Fito.M (ho accounts that Mrs. Christlnncy
gives of hoe murrled life it woulil seem to be the
duty of tho old gentleman to uo out In tbo
woods ana die.
It Is n noticeable fact that tho collapso of
the Methodise corner in corn wus colueldcut
with tbo close of tho Thomas trial.
Mr. Wliuloin erected his lightning rod
with commendable promptness.
“I’urkhursl and 1 are out. I am a little
further out than I’urkhursl, however.”—Dr.
“1 notice that John Kelly has become very
mock am) plucM recently. This la a bad sign.
Kelly Is maddest whoa ho doesn't slug."— S.J t
The Marouls of Lome is going to England
next week, lie will bo remembered as tho young
man who undertook to support one of tba
Guelph girls mid couldn’t go tho clip.
An old man tost his balance by kicking at
tils wife In Louisville, and wits killed by tbo fall.
Tide should be iiwiiruliurto old men never to
kick at tbolr wives unless sure of hitting thnra.
Tlio Now York Tribune flays that “many
of tho handsomest whiter wraps aro lined
throughout with plush.” Wtiltcluw is evidently
beghmtug to Und out what It moans to be mar
An English paper says that “ tho night be
fore his wedding tbo Duke of Argyll sat emit
dulmlo." Although tho Duko bud been a widow
er for novoral years, It is evident that be remem
bered tho kind of truinlug necessary to make a
successful husband.
Aii Italian claims to linvo invented a new
telephone, by which tho softest whispers can be
transmitted almost any distance. One of these
Instruments should bo placed In tbo bouse of
every wealthy man la Chicago, bo that lh«
amount of tboir subscriptions to thoFlro Memo*
rial Building can bo ascertained.
In hid remarks concerning the Thomas
ease before tbo conference Monday, Dr. Kid*
Held said that, u n woman, by Hlrtlng with a titan
of bad reputation,Ruts a light mime." This Un«
distinction on tbo subject of Hitting will doubt*
less bo appreciated by tbo females of Dr. Hat*
Held's church who indulge In this pleasing pat*
time. Hereafter nil tbo Hlrtlng must be dons
with tbo Deacons and Killers. This Is toiißhon
tbo rest of tbo buys, but wo nil buvuour trfull
n this world.
“When I spank a child, 1 never give 11
ahy."—tins Or, /'ur/duimf.
Spank, spunk, spank,
On my heated pants, O I*—l
And I would that the man who spanked mo
Was other than a D. D.
0 well for tbo minister’s boy
That tbo conference sometimes raootsl
0 well for Ills latter end
That bis pa tbo dose never repeats I
Ana the stately spunks come down
To (heir haven under tho pants;
But O fora pillow (o putln there,
And give tbo young man u chance.
Mrs. Unit Ulcc, of Girard, Pa., has been dV
vurcod from tho formerly noted circus man by
Judge Galbraith, at Krlo, Pa. Klee did notsp*
pear to oppose.the suit. ,
Tho present proprietor of ths world-famed
pencil factory "A. W. Faber," at Bleiu, neat
Nuremburg, Mr. I.otnnlr vtm Faber, has beeo
umdu u hereditary liarouot by the King of its*
Jacob Klrnlfy, father of tho Klralfy broth*
ers, died nt Now York Wednesday. He was bora
In I'ealh, Hungary, In ISIU, where bo made»
fortune as n cloth merchant, Ho cuino to tbli
country thirteen years ago, and lived us a re
tired gentleman.
A recent visitor to Longfellow flays that
tbo poet is not so white from ago ns bis portraits
represent him. Ills buir and beard have dark
linos, and hU mustache bus a tawny iiml*®*
shade of the vanished chestnut of youth, ms
blue eyes uro bright and his chucks ruddy.
Mr. Wllklc Collins, whoso eyes have been
seriously affected by a very severe attack of
rheumatic gout, from which ho Is now recov
ering, has boon ordered to abstain from all work
for six mouths, lie has gouo to a watering
place on tho east coast of England for a change
of ulr.
Mr, Justice Clutly, lately appointed to the
High Court of Justice in England, was mors fa
mous while nt Oxford as an uursmuti than a* *
reading man. Thu name of Chltty is n houu~
hold word on tbo banks of tbo Isis, and hist year
was tbu tlrst for many years In which be did no*
lulilll the duties of umpire lu tne uuivcyiilv*
Dr. K. J. Hoffman, of Jgnilsvlllo, a wn®
who bad a largo practice, an excellent reputs-
Him, and was mi active Methodist, bus been ru
ined by pukur. becoming Infuiuutod with too
game, ho neglected hi# patloiila to play It. bor
rowed all the money bo i-unld to meet bis inutfi
and llnuliy forged cheeks amounting to f-.w*
fur which ho la now In Jail. His vhurvh lose#
WiNNiimu, Oct. 11.—Tnoimiu Onorlii, civil en
gineer, bus ruturnud uller making Inquiries
to tbo source of tho overilow of l.skuMauitcbs.
mid devising mean# to reduce ihe level of th#
lake uud prevent future nvertlow. M# •I®***
that tbo damuge caused by water for um®»
around tho lake la dpplorublu. Hu sailed la »
sklU over meadow lands covered wltb throe k®*
tbulf feet of water. Hu has made a thoroug#
survoyuf tbo river's cuuiieulion with the
and of tbo lake Itself at the vuiruueu of ta*
rlvor. Ho found no bar lu forionitou at th# ®“*
trance or outlet, as was supp«»ed to bu
tho whole onuso of tbo ovci-ituvr cnnslstea w #'
outlet of tbo lake being list buiull lor the uu# 1 *
illy of water during tbu rainy season, its "jr
nseerlalued easy means to reduce, without g«»
expousu, tbo level of tbo lake to it# former u°".
diuou, and to maintain U ut that statu fur a l *'

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