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THE BRIDE'S TOILETTE.
THE CONCIEBOKItlK, 1793. "Dame! how the momenta go And the bride is not ready! Call all her tiring-maids— Paul, Jean, and Thedie. Is this your robe, my dear? Faith, but «lie's steady! The bridegroom is bhs?e.l who gets Such a brave lady. "Pardi! that throat is fair; How he will kiss itl Here is your kerchief, girl; you not miss it? sc . . ese little shoes, r foot is. ------,----------illotine Loves these line beauties! you not miss i • tl™ 11 Don these li r77 hite as your foot ifo. Jean, Saint <Jnil "Now these long locks must go— Monsieur is waiting; * Short is the hour he gives To wooing and mating. Thedie, you fool, the shears! — Time this was ended." . Down falls the golden hair, Once lovingly tended, So from her prison doors Forth went the lady; Silent the bridegroom stood, Not a sound made he. Oh, but he clasped lier close!— 'Twasa brave lover. "Dance, dance La Carmagnole! The Bridal is over!" 15. M. Hutchinson, in November Harper. A STRANGE RETREAT. Some years ago George Pauneefort was a well-known actor in this country. ^ He was particularly celebrated as John Mildmay, in the play of''.Still Waters l!un Deep." Pau nee fort suddenly dis appeared from the public gaze, and per haps nobody would even have known what became of him had it not been for Joseph Arthur, now in Phiiadelphai as the business manager of Willie Eilouin's "Sparks." "1 found him." sni 1 Mr. Arthur, "away hack in the interior ofbeautiful Japan, lie had thirteen wives—natives — and seemed to he happy intlie posses sion of a charming tea plantation." \lIow did you discover him?" "it was purely accidental. Three other persons and myself went inland to visit the célébrât <P prehistoric statue of Buddha, at Piabutsa. We traveled by m lonlight in the only conveyance known in That country, a sort of pream bulator, called ; n'Invri' kshaws,' hauled by li ttives. At midnight the moon was hidden by clouds. In a short time we found ourselves in the mijst of a storm and sought sic iter under the eaves of the first house we came across. The cli mate was mil l, and, being weary, wo fell asleep. Daylight revealed a charm ing scene. The house, which I could tp-'ui to nothing but a large bird cage, stood in the midst of the undulating rice fields, inserted at regular spaces by little narrow streams of water, kissed by the overhanging branches of hush and tree and spanned by the numerous lairy-like bridges. "The owner of this house and these lands was George Pauneefort, the Eng lish actor, whose playing had been wit nessed by audiences in all the large cit ies of the TTnited Skates, and some of your old t ; eater-goers and professionals (among these being Mrs. John Drew and Mr. Murphy) remember him as being in Philadelphia." "And what took this man to Japan?" "That,"said Mr. Arthur, "is something of a mystery. He is now an octogenar ian and something of a recluse. When I saw him he stepped to his door in the early morn cl id in a semi-Japanese garb, with long, fi eving footong and calpsh. He wore no shoes; his form was erect, Tiis hair and moustache were snowy white, his countenance of a fiorrid mie. ne ma not seem to ne entier glad or sorry to see us, and we rather in vited ourselves in, and as he stood so silent and grave I mentally said, "John Mild may.' Behind him stood his wives. You have asked me, continued Mr. Ar thur, "why he was found in such an out of-the-way corner of theglobe? I can not answer that directly, but I think do mestic dillieulties drove him there. It was alleged that he had two Avives pre vious to going there—one in London and one in San Francisco. At all events he was a great admirer of the fair sex, and was not heard of until I found him in Japan." "How did he treat you?" "When we went into the house he only uttered three words; 'My wives, gentlemen'; but during our stay did not, in the presence of the other parties, ex press an opinion on any subject or join in the conversation. Subsequently Iliad a private conversation with him, in which he told me many tilings regard ing his past life. He carne to this coun try from England in 1857 and made a great reputation as an actor. When the troubles referred to occurred lie started for the Orient as chief officer of a mer chant vessel, and the vessel was wrecked olf the island of Formosa, near the northern coast of China. He was res cued bv the natives, who were not ab solute fchine.se, but a sort of hybrid race, a cross between the Chinese and Corenns, and were ex ceedingly savage, so much so that had it not been for a Dutchman who had loca ted there and become friendly with them, Pauneefort would not have es caped with his life. This dutcliman was engaged on the island extracting dyes from the different woods there, and in terceded for Pauncefort's life when the native's proposed to kill him. Leaving this inhospitable island, lie went to Jan an, and landed there without money, without friends, having aknowledgo of the language or the customs of the coun • trv, a lone son of Thespis from afar and # with heart bowed down with a weight of woe. At that time there was no treaty between the coun tries, and ihe Japanese took no stock in foreigners. However, Pauneefort felt that lie had come to stay. lie was a man of tact and intelligence, and he ac quired the language, in the meantime sustaining himself by writing sketches of the Europeans and having them translated. Subsequently lie learned tiie language well enough to go through the country lecturing, he knew some thing of medic ine, and when lecturing failed him he took to doctoring, and lie HUggestingky said to me that he belived he had succeeded in his medi :al career in Japan in killing three or four hundred people. "Finally he formed a band of native actors, assuming with great power some of the leading roles in the Japanese drama, which lie pronounces superior 1 in cunning development of plot and sub limity of language to either the French or German drama. Thrice ne assumed in the native tongue the role of Yura, tW. hero of the historical drama of Japan analagousto our 'Hamlet,' and played before the Mikado. As a result of the performance he revived unstinted praise from the wriier and poets of that coun try. .At his suggestion I was lead to secure a translation of the play, which is entitled 'Ronius.' and it will be nro «liiccU in the country next season." "Why d'd lie retire to the tea planta tion?" f "I lisav.. angled to an accession of wealth and fame, lie then came to tlie conclu sion that he would settle down, and sealed to himself a wife—a beautiful Jap anese woman of what is known as the 'Daimio, class or the 'long-nosed' class. They are as white in complexion as any European and noted for their beauty. He then bought a teaand rice plantation, and when I visited him he was employ ing about 150 or 200 laborers, and living a life of ease. lie accumulated his other wives by degrees, I presume, but all the women seemed to be, getting along with out domestic j»rs. At ail events Paunce fort has had an experience few English men have had." Big Estate lu Litigation. The heirs of Conrad Geyer, most of whom live in Philadelphia and Mont gomery County, Penn., are preparing to collect the immense estate left by the wealthy Cuban 6ugar planter. Geyer was borne in Montgomery County of German parentage, and left his home ..when a young man. He settled in Cu-f ha, afid by indstry and economy soon became the owner of a plantation. Hd afterward engaged in business as a sugar refiner near Havana, and it the time of his death a §few years ago was worth nearly $3,<*X),000. Geyer died intestate ayd without issue, he never having been married. lie had five brothers and "sis ters, three of whom survive him, and the heirs who claim the estate arc thd next of kin to "the deceased millionaire. 1 A MOUNT VERNON ROMANCE. An Autumn Visit to tlic Toinb of Washington—Nellie Custis's Rose hush. This is the favorite season for a visit Jo Mount Vernon, and during the months of October and November the average number of visitors are larger than atanv other time. Never is the quaint and beautiful oid homestead lovelier than in the autumn. It was in 1858 that Col # John Washington saw that Mount Ver non would have to go by the auctioneer's hammer if something did not turn up. And here comes in the romance of Mount Vernon. A woman who had been an invalid since her nineteenth year raised a fund of £200,000, and em bodied a plan that give Mount Vernon to the nation. This was Anne Pamela Cunningham of South Carolina. She was an only and indulged daughter. In her childhood she had visited Mount Vernon, and when she resigned all of life except that which could he enjoyed in a sick room, in lier early woman hood, she took hold of a project to buy Mount Vernon, or, rather, the project took hold of her. It is one ot the most singular instances of indomitable ener gy and practical perseverance recorded. This fiail woman from lier sick bed, aroused an enthusiasm, especially among southern women, that resulted in a splendid success. .She inspired Edward Everett with her spirit, and his lecture on Washington poure-l money into the treasury. She interested Mme. Le Vert ami Mrs. Cora Mowatt Ritchie, and in I860 it was accomplished; the house, the tomb of Washington, and 200 acres of land be.onged to a national as sociation, The legislature of Virginia granted a very sensible charter to the association. The capital stock was limited to $500,000. It was granted in perpetu ity, and no disposition of the property could lie made without the consent of the legislature. None of the Washington family thereafter was to be interred at Mount Vernon, and the key of the vault was thrown into the Potomac River. Around the marble tombs of George and Martha Washington is a wooden floor ing which if stepped upon starts an electric alarm at t lie house. Through the open ironwork one looks into the brick vault, where there are only the two tombs. "Hats off" is the stringent rule at the grave; even the most flippant are awed i:*to something like reverence. During some of the bloodiest days of the war Mount Vernon was treated as neu tral ground, and soldiers of both armies were seen fraternizing under the trees that guard the tomb. Frequent description cannot destroy the interest of the house. Year by year improvements are made by the regents. As far as practicable every state lias a room ornamented with relics of revolu tionary times, arranged in the style that prevailed at Mount Vernon during the lifetime of Gen. Washington. Hanging in the entrance hall is the key of the Bastile, sent to Washington by Lafayette; and over the door of what is called the state dining-room is Washington's field glass, placed on its perch by the hand of Washington himself, and never since removed. The mantel and hearth in the dining room are of marble, and extreme ly curious. The}' were sent to Washing ton from France. On ttie way the ship hearing tiie gift was captured by pirates. When thev found that this mande was intended for Washington they took an opportunity of ianding it on American shores, and it was forwarded to Mount Vernon. In the South Carolina room hangs the portrait of Anne Pamela Cun ingham. She has a refined and thought ful lace, with deep, meaning eyes. The attic room, which Mrs. Washingtonc 1 ose after Gen. Washington's death, and in which she died, isin almost the identical condition in which she left it. In a quaint little drawing room—Nelly Custis's drawing room—is the grand harpsichord, as large as a modern grand piano, which Washington gave lieras a wedding gift. This was the grandniece of .Mrs. Washington, not her daughter Nelly, who died unmarried at twenty two. In the grounds stands a rose bush where, tradition relates, Nelly Custis received lier first offer, and walking around this rose bush six iimes brings every young lady who believes in the spell an offer of marriage within tiie year. The place is managed upon the most practical plan. The greenhouses are made a source of revenue as well as the farm. Only one boat is allowed to land passen ers there, ami the entrance !ee of a dollar foots up handsomely at the end of the year. In the old-fashioned kitchen a very good lunch may he ob tained, served by colored waiters. A superintendent is employed, who keeps the place in good order, and if the Gen eral and Mrs. Martha could return for an hour no doubt they would smile approvingly. A CliiM's Estimate of Values. from the Sunday School Times. Values are relative. One person puts a high estimate on what another deems worthless. A savage covets a showy feather or a gaudy trinket. Civilized ladies sometimes have a similar fancy; but, again, an antiquarian would prize an ol'l hook above a bale of feathers and a barrel of trinkets. Who shall say what is the real test of value in material possessions? A little child was recently startled by what she heard said at the family table about a robbe rv in the neighborhood. As she learned the pos sibility of her own home being ente, red by jobbers she trembled for lier choice possessions. "Mamma," she whispered "do robbers take dolls?" Her dolls were her treasure. If they were in danger, life had new perils for her. "No, niy dear," said lier mamma. "Robb :rs Ciin't want dolls. Why should they take them?" "I didn't know but they would want them fur their little girls," was the answer, showing the child belief that robbers were human and that their children had child longings and child fancies. With tho assurance that lier dolls were safe, that little girl had less dread of robbers. What was the loss o! family silver or of clothing and jewels, of books or pictures, if the «lolls were to be left unharmed? After all, was that child's estimate of values wrong or un real; or is tiie trouble with the rest of US? Brother Gardner's Faith In Goodness. From the Detroit Free Press. "What am gooder dan goodness?" asked Brother Gardner as lie opened the meeting. "It am not only more eom furtable to be good, but dar' am ino' money in it in de eand. When a cashier robs a bank of $30,000 it looks as if lie war' gettin ahead powerful fast; but sich am not de case. De first detectivew ho notches him gits $5,000 lur notobertakin' him. Den lie loses $2,000 in playin' keerds wid a Chicago glambler. Den he ■am robbed of $3.000 in an Omaha hoard in' house. Den he invests $10,000 in mines aroiin' Denver an' am scooped outer ebery shillin'. Long 'bout dat time lie ain 'rested by de bank,and what «le lawyers doan' git will he returned to «le vaults. What has dat cashier gained? it's the same wid a gambler, lie may win $500 to-night and los» $700 to-morrow nicht. One day he may sport a watch wid two chains— de next he may have to pawn his coat fur a brandy smash. I has figgered it up a dozen times ober, an' it alius comes out de same way. De bad man may make 80 per cent on his capital fur a few short y'ars, but de fust thing he knows de skeleton ban' of bankruptcy dutches him by de froat, an' whar am he? Be good. Be good eben if you doan' make ober fo' per cent at it. Out side of all de money considerashun dar am a feelin down under de vest dat beats a diamond ring all to pieces." FARMERSM]0LUHN. Domestic Recipes. Cauliflower. —Trim off the outside lea ves and plunge the cauliflower into water, head down, for half an hour before cooking. This removes insects that may be hidden in it. Pui into salted boiling water and boil till tender; fifteen minutes, if small, twenty if large. Remove without oreaking. Pour over it a sauce made as follows: Into a saucepan put butter the size of an e-rg; when melted stir into it two teaspoonfuls ilourand stir till well cooked, then add sweet milk or cream till it is of the rigid, thickness; season to taste and when done pour over the cauli flower. Sweet-Potato Pie.— Boil the potatoes till done, peel and strain through a colander. Add milk till it is thin enough, and for every quart of the mixture add three well beaten «'ggs, with sugar and seasoning to taste. Line the bottom of pie-plates with pas:e, fill with the mixture and bake. These are a very good substitute for squash and pumpkin pies. Mince Pies.—Mix together two pounds Ran, cold, boiled meat chopped tine, four pounds chopped apples, three quarters of a pound of citron, three pounds of sugar, a teaspoonful and a half of ground cloves, five teaspoonfuls cinnamon, two and a hall of ground mace, half a teaspoonful black pepper, three tablespoon fuis salt, a pint ol cider ami vinegar mixed and a pint of mo lasses. Add the juice and grated rind of two lemons. Keep in stone jars until ready foi use. Bean Soup.— Soak a quart of navy beans over night. In the morning put them over the fire in three quarts of water, with three onions fried in a little Dutter, one small car rot, two partly cooked potatoes, a small piece of salt pork and salt. Boil slowly five or six hours. Then pass through a colander and return to the fire. Season with salt and pepper. Bits of bread fried brown in butter make a pleasant addition; celery and cloves are sometimes addèd; a cupful of cream mixed with the soup makes a pleasant change. Ruminant Animals. Loss of cud or suspension of rumina tion in cows is duo to indigestion, from inaction of the muscular coats of the stomach. The remedy is to clear the bowe-Is and stomach of the gathered in digested matter by a brisk purgative ; for instance, a quart of linseed oil oi twenty ounces of epsom salts, and then to give some easily digeste«! and laxative food, as bran mashes or linseed meal steeped in water twelve hours. On the first appearance of the suspension ef ru mination this course should be pursued, as it is usually due to overfeeding, and the bowels reijuire to be relieved before any change can he procured. Continued loss of cud ends in impaction of the stomach with disorder of the liver and kidneys, and a probable serious attack of fever. A Receipt, to Male« Pretty Women. New York Letter rn the Washington Critic. A celebrated beauty, whoso complex ion at sixty was fresher than that of our women at tiiirty, told me her secret tlc-s summer, and it was divided into two parts: First—She never used washrag or towel on her face, but washed it with her hands, rinsing it .off with a soft j sponge. Sue used clear water in the morning, but white castile soap or very warm water at night, and after drying it on a soft towel she would take a llesh brush and .rub lier cheeks, chin and lorelieail. Second—If she was going to lie up late at night slio always slept as many hours in the day as she expected to be awake beyond her usual time. She linishe«! lier little sermon on beauty preservation by saying: "Soft water and sound sleep keep off wrinkles and spots, and girls should give more attention to this than they «lo, for "With the coming of the crow's feet Is the going of the beaux feet." Dairy Cows. Farm ami Garden. The selection of dairy animals is one which requires considerable experience. A fat cow is but selilom a good milker, for one which yields large quantities ot milk regularly, seldom lays on much fat or flesh, the majority of the foo«l con sumed being devoted to the develop ment or production ofanilk. In the but te f dairy, mere largeness of yield should not induce the dairy .nan to purchase, as such milk is seldom very rich nor does it make high-colored butter. Such an animal is worth far more to the milk dairyman than to the butter maker. There are some butter cows which, while they profiuce a very high qitality of but ter as to texture, color ami flavor, pro duce so little of it as not to be very pro fitable animals to have, unless it be to raise the standard of the butter pro duced by the rest of the herd. We had a little grade Jersey cow which did not make more than four or five pounds of butter weekly, but it was of such high color and quality as to very decidedly impress the quality produced by the others. For this pur pose she was as va'uableas any other cow wo had. A good butter-dairy cow should have fair size, plenty of develop ment behind; have a large udder, one of which milks down small, and not a large and meaty one. The skin should be soft and velvety, and in color should be of a golden yellow. I he inside of the ears and base of horns should be yellow; and such cows are good, high-colored butter-rnakers. It is imposable to give such directions as will enable a novice to select gooil and profitable dairy animals, for there are many small items which experience alone can teach and which must be familiarly known to enable the purchaser to make judicious investments. Brains and experience are equally as desirable here as in any of the merchantile pursuits, and average fully as large profits. To Tell the Age of a Hors«. At 3 years old the horse should have the central permanent nippers growing, the other two pairs waisting, six grinders in each jaw »hove and below, the first and fifth level, the others and tiie sixth protruding. The sharp edges of the new incisors will be very evident, com pared with the old teeth. As the per manent nippers wear and continue to grow, a narrow portion of the cone shaped tooth is exposed by the attrition of the teeth on each other. The mark will be wearing out and the crowns of the teeth will he sensibly smaller than at 2 years. Between 3 1-2 and 4 years the next pair of nippers will be changed, the central nippers will have attained nearly their full growth, a vacuity will bo left where the second stood, • and the corner teeth will be diminished in breath, worn down and the mark in the center of tiie tooth will become faint. The second pair ol grinders will be shed. At 4 years the central nippers will be fully developed, the sharp edge somewhat worn ofl, and the mark somewhat wider and fainter. The next pair will be up, but they will be small, with a mark deep ami extend ing quite across them. The corner nip pers will lie larger than the inside ones, put smaller than before and fiat, ami the mark nearly effaced. The sixth grinders will have risen to a level with the others, and tiie tushes will beg n to appear. At 5 the horse's mouth is al most perfect. The corner nippers are quite up, the long, deep mark irregular in the inside and the other nippers will hear evid -tokens of increased wear. The tusi.'o are nearly grown, the sixth molar is up, and the third molar is wanting. This last circumstance will prevent the deception of attempting to pas3 a late 4-vcar old as a 5-year-old. At 6, the markon the central nippers is worn out. At 7, the mark is worn out in the four central nippers and fast wearing away in the corner teeth. The tushes are rounded at the points and «dges, and beginning to get round inside. At 8 years old the tushes are rounded in every way, the mark is gone from al!jthebottom nippers. There is nothing remaining in them that can afterwards clearly show the ace of a horse. After this ine only guides are the nippera 4n the upper jaw. At 9, the mark will he worn from the middle nip pers, from the next pair at 10, and from all the upper nippers at 11. At 9, 1ho center nippers arc; round instead ofo\al. At 10, the others begin to become round ed, at 11, the second pair are much rounded, at 13, the corner ones have the same appearance, at 14, the faces of the center nippers become somewhat trian gular, at 17, they are all so. Russian Winter Apples. Mr. C. E. Patton, Charles City, Iowa who has tested during eight years, a considerable cost of money, muscle an« patience, nearly 200 soits of Russian ap pies and other fruits from the sann source, writes at length in Governor Guc'i Homestead of the misleading expecta tions of them, and the frauds perpetrate« in their name by ignorant or unprincipled nurserymen and agents. We take from bis letter a sample statement, and a pre diction: "The hope of getting winter apples from a point in Russia that is 500 or 70.) miles north of central Iowa will never be realized. In proof I cite the fact that the Wealthy grown in northern Vermont is strictly a winterapple;grown at St. Paul, in the same latitude, it be comes late fall and early winter—for the reason that our summers are hotter and drier than those oftlie east. . . . The fu ture successful orchards of Iowa will bo planted from seeds that have grown in Iowa or the stales adjoining it. Tne Future of Women—An English View The London Spectator says of the con stancy growing employment of women in the serious work of the world: "So great a change in the circumstances of women can hardly fail to work a cor responding change in their relations with men. They must obviously ha con tent to forego the deference, real or as sumed, which men have hitherto paid to them. Any one who has ever served on a mixed committee of men and women knows that tne women either completely submit to the men, or that the men press their opinions with quite as much eagerness when theiropponents happen to he women as when they are of their own sex. The conventional po liteness which takes care to leave a wo man the victor in an argument disap pears as soon us the cud of the dismis sion is to «lecide which of two opposite views shall he carried out in action. By tiie side of all this, tiie old-fashioned ami almost instinctive process of love making will occasionally be going on, and re.-uliing from time t<> time in some uimxpeoted inciilents and complications. Two points remain, which are more ob scure and more important than any oth ers. Wbat will be the effect of i ihor, with its concommitant rivalries, on die physical constitution of women, ami what will be its effect <<n the childicn born and brought un by them? if th<' em ployment of women is accepted in iu lull significance, it will not be possible to mni'ntain the laws which now re strict their labor in their own supposed interest. If men and women are competing for the same post, it will not be endurable that women shall lie handicapped by a pro hibition to work more than a certain number of hours a day, while the man is free to work as many hours as he likes. With the removal of these restrictions, the strain on women's energies will ho mme very much greater, while die danger of a break-down will grow in pro portion. It remains to be seen whether the distinctions of sex do not include peculiar nervous qualities, which will make sustained rivalry with man as im possible, in the long-run,as it seems in evitable for the moment." Stmly Clubs. From the San Francisco Bulletin. The long evenings of Winter are ap proaching, and the season which in colder climates seems peculiarly dedicated to intellectual acquirements, is nearly here. Here anti therein this City, and in many of the interior towns, the nucleus of quite a literary circle is evident. Read ing clubs are more often formed, and do far better work than the general public is aware of. Sometimes it is a careful and patient teacher that organizes such circles, but more often they drift to gether by mutual attraction and similar Interests. The local journals very often note the formation of quiet affairs of this sort, and often tiie best of them are seldom heard of. An ambitious name is rather a <lrag than a help. Reading with a definite aim, and study that is more than play, are required. Positive work done for its own sake, with ardor and hunger und hopes untold, is what will round the lives of these young people who choose to utilize these coming winter evenings. They may profitably take up some epoch making writer, such as Chaucer, Shake speare, or Tennyson, spending the whole season on this work, with tiie best aids at their command. They might consider a period such as the Elizabethan Era, and after studying about authors of note, might fiu«i out something about tiie man ners, dress, society, laws, and politics of the time, so as to arrive at some clear understanding of how people lived then nn«l what memorable things they 'did. Whatever plan is chosen, each member of the club must contribute a share, and honest préparai ; on should be made for each meeting. The older pupils of country school districts might find pleas ure and profit in these winter associa tions. Science clubs are for lengthening days, beginning with botanizing rambles in Spring continued in days of Summer, camping ii* forests or under the pines, and closingas the Autumn begins to take the place of Summer. There are plenty of times when books are of less vaiue than these glimpses of nature. But we turn instinctively, as ttie Autumn fades, to preparations for intellectual gains during the season of long and quiet evenings. Matches. Some of the smaller conveniences of modern life seem so natural ami indis pensable to us that it is not easy to think of the time when people had to do with out them. Yet less than a hundred years ago there was no gas in the houses or ihe streets, and the only illumination was that of «lingy oil lamps. We now have not only mineral oils, which give a brilliant fla me, lmt also electricity and gas. and no t. only gas, hut self-lighting gas-fixtures. It is scarce! y more than half a century Vgo (hat mate lies were invented, and be fore them the flint and steel were used in lighting fires and lamps. "The first matches," says an exchange, "were about six inches long, tipped with sulphur, and caught lire easily from the spark of the flint. In 1825, an elaborate apparatus called the 'eupyrion' was in general use in tiie cities. This was a lai'ge-mouthed bottle eontainiugsu.lpliur ic acid, soaked in fibrous asbestos, and the matches,, which were about two im-lies long and sold for twenty-five cents a box, were lipped with a chemical com bination of which chlorate oi potash was the principal ingredient. When the end of the match was dipped into the acid and rapidly withdrawn lire was pro «luced. But the acid was inconvenient, ttie matches were likely to be spoiled by damp anti the eupyrion soon went oiit of use. ; "In 1832, the first friction match was made, and it was jokingly called a luci fer. Lucifers we$e substantially the same as our present matches, pulled through a piece ofsandpaper. The only ichange since then has been altering it from a silent to a noisy match, and the invention of the safety fusee, which will ignite only when rubbed upon chemi cally prepared paper." • A monument to John C. Calhoun is now being made in Rome by Mr. Har nish, and will be erected in Charleston, S. C., at an early day. The Calhonn memorial fund was faithfully preserved during the war, and now amounts to over $50,000 . Colonel Mapleson says that Mine. Pat ti has refused an offer of $6,300 per night for fortv nights in Brazil. a A STRONG BUCKEYE BEAD. Abner C. McGrai li of Clcvolaiul—A Groat Fox Hunter mill Alheltc— His Great Strength ami Activity. The Cleveland Leader has the follow ing sketch of "Ah. McGrath" as he was familliarly called, who recently died at East Cleveland, O., where he had resided for nearly 70 years. He left a widow and ten children, one of whom is Major McGarth, a stalwart in height who was formerly Chief of police in St. Paul and deputy U. S. marshal. The giant form of th« father was conveyoil to the grave by his six sorrowing stal wart sons, wfto acted as pall bearers, the heights of whom are as follows: four sons, six fee; four inches and a half; and two, six feet, ami their combined weight is 1,305 pounds. Of tl io father the Loader says; Dir. McGrath iq, many respects was an extraordinary man, physically speaking. He was a giant in his build, as lie was six feet six anil a half inches in height, and his average weight was 204 pounds. As an athelete lie probably did not have a superior in the country", certainly not since the days of the great muscular man of northern New York, Joe Call. In ad dition to his atheletic characteristics h was u great fox hunter, an t many are the stories toI«l of incidents connected with his chase after Reynard, lie was gifted with tremendous long wind, and the story has been told that he would fre quently chase after a fox on foot anil run it down! In spite of his great weight, largo bones, and apparently ungainly size, he was a remarkably <]uick as weil as marvelous athletic man. He once lifted with his hands from the ground an iron shaft weighing 1,700 pounds, which would be equal to lifting double that weight were he harnessed with straps to weights and allowed to lift under the best advantage. Two men would hold a string two inches above his head and he would step back two or three steps an«'jump over it without touching it, making the b ap about six feet nine inches in height. He lias been known rather than to lend his horses around to the other side of the barn, to put his long arms under a horse and lift it up to the floor of the barn, which happen« 1 «! to he three or four feet above tiie ground. Some for' fy years a ;jo n «ran: s of rowdy saiior: s, a dozen in niniil) er, went out to "Ab. Mi! LJrath's Ta VO rn" on purpose to have "a muss wit h li in i." Uncle Ab. was a m« ist. ]>< i m:e! ful go rt of man, and wi.ml«l 1 sir built to a eat do; il of abuse ix-jbn ! 1 ■etortinq to il ie last ar"u m ent , but on tiiis occasion bis ire was excei *din gly excited at tiie i p re post or eus i dta « tiiat a dozen or< dinary men could run over him in his own domicile. Tiie result was, he went among them, ami in spite of their piling upon J im, he took them one by one by the coat collar and scat of the pants and thre'v each some «iistance out of the floor into tho snow. Ttie sailors thereupon retreated, the most disgusted of Jack Tars at being whipped by asolitary man. He told the writer that during that "scuflle," as he called it, he did not dare double his list and strike fur fear of killing. He had a very good opportunity in 1839, when lie was twenty-seven years of age, of losing his athletic ability, which proved very conclusively that at that time he was probably the stn ngest man perhaps in tho world, lie met in Buffalo Charlie Freeman, who was. then a sailor, and was known as the American giant, he being about seven feet in height.. These two giants had a w restle to lind out which was the "smartest man." The Cuyahoga giant, was too much for Freeman, for he threw him with ease. Three years afterwards Freeman went to England as the cham pion of America and engaged in a prize fight with the champion of England, known as the "Tipton Slasher," and easily defeated him. These facts will give a good idea of "Uncle Ah. 's" great muscular strength and activity. Like Joe Call, he literally never met with his match and never tloubled his fist on a man for fear of killing him. Anyone wiio had ever seen his tremendously long, heavy honed arms, encased in muscles of iron, with Ins sledge hammer fists, realized perfectly that a blow from him partook of the nature of a kick from a horse, and it is not at all surprising that Mr. McGrath never doubled his fist on a human being. During his life lie had gone throuvli some ludicrous episodes which will hear being told. On one occasion, after having hauled a load of barrels to town ho was on his return, when he stoppe«! at Doan's tavern to water his horses. A couple of conceited young hin ids from the city had ja t got into their liturgy, and as they «trove by "Ab" they thought it would be fun to give him a "cut with their whip, w hich they did, and then drove off as fast they could away towards the town. "Ah." not relishing'that, kind of treatment, his Quaker-like disposition yielded, and lie gave chase on foot after the young bucks. Eor a mile the fright ened fellows managed to keep just so far ahead of him, lmt their horses com menced giving out, and they were over taking. "Ah." got into the buggy, took the reins and whip out of their hands, and drove back to the corners, where lie gave these foolish fellows a thor ough flogging with their own whip, in the presence of a crowd, and t hen let them go. On another occasion, during the days of staue coaches, while lie was on his way to the town with a load of barrels, a stage came along and run into his team, and created a general smash. He came to town and called at the stage office of Neil, Moore «t Co.'s line of stages, and demanded of the agent, the late Captain Hartwell, compensation for damages. The captain refuseil to settle, and "Ab" became somewhat excited in his language. The captain finally or «ierefl his man Friday, Norton by name, to put that man out of the office!" Poor Norton innocently undertook to perform the operation, and he found himself flying through the air and landing on tiie sidewalk on all fours! Remarkable Feats by Spiders. From Harper's Young Feople. A small-sized spider had made his web on the under side of a table. Early one morning a "small ^grasshopper was noticed on the floor, directly under the web, and on approaching to take it away, it was found that the spider had thrown a line round one of its legs. While the observer was looking at it, the spider came down and lassoeil the oppo site leg of the grasshopper, and contin ued for several minutes darting up and down, and fastening lines to different parts of the body of his victim. The struggles of the grasshopper, though a full-grown one, were unavailing to effect his escape. As his struggles be came more and more feeble, ttie spider threw his lines rounil him; and when he had become nearly exhausted, his cap-« tor proceeded to raise him from the floor. This lie did by raising one end at a time. He at first raised the head and part of the boily nearly half an inch, then raised the other end, and continued so to work until the grasshopper was elevateil five or six inches. Thus hung in chains the victim was left to die. The "trap-door spider" is indeed most interesting. Erber tells us in Life and her Children, by A. B. Buckley, that he once sat for hours on a moonlight night watching the doings of these in sects. He saw two of the spiders come out each from its hole, and pushing open their doors, fasten them back by fine threads to blades of grass. They then spun a web around the open hole, and went back into their tunnels. By and by two beetles were cauglft, one in each web. In an instant the spiders darted out, and pierced their victims with their poisoned fangs, sucked out their soft flesh, and carried the empty bottles away some distance from their holes. Erber left them ; but on returning in the morning, he found the spiders had cleared away all traces of the webs, and were shut down snugly in their hid den homes. Who among us work more cleverly or «Ti spide der many «lifficulties and dangers; for with more industry for daily bread than these little spiders? They do it, too, birds and lizards are watching above ground to make a meal of them; whilst crawling insects creep into their holes to attack them. «Some of these spiders have lekrned a means of escaping even this danger, for they make a second tunnel branching out of the first, and build a doorway be tween the two, so that they can retreat into the second passage in raise ofattack, and, by setting their backs against the door, bailie the intruder. Tilings iu General. A curious problem has suggested itself in Winnipeg. There are about 690 cows in and around the city, and these pro duce 1,200 gallons of milk per day. Yet 4,:)00 gallons of milk are sold. The ? juestion is, how do the milkmen per orm the miracle of selling 4,000 gallons of milk out of the 1,200 they get from the cows? The Supreme court of Missouri has just held that "when parties capable of contracting agree per verba de praesenti with each other to be husband and wife, anil cohabit as such, the marriage is valid, and no marriage ceremouy need to lie perlorme«l lay a minister of the gospel or ofiiceref the law authorized to solemnize marriage." A San Francisco Judge, in granting a prayer for a divorce recently, held that it was cruelty on the part of the husband defendant habitually to use vile language toward his wife, especially when it was done in the presence of their children. Also, that it was cruelty to the wile for the husband to take from a hank certain family property and devote it to his own exclusive use. London Saturday Review: "The United States might well be excused for looking upon their debtwitli unconcern. Geographically they are so distant from Europe that they may regard themselves as safe from aggression, and therefore exempt from tiie necessity of keeping up great armaments. Moreover, the growth <9i population anil wealtli is so rapid that in a generation or so they could reasonably reckon upon the debt becoming relatively so light as no longer to be a matter of serious concern." A Mobile paper has a correspondent in Connecticut, who, for over ten years, has sent every two weeks a bulky letter, with postage prepaid, sometimes two or three stamps. The letters are never printed and never will be, being dissert ations upon some abstract point of inter national law. The writers name is un known, only initials being signed. He was preliably taught when young that "perseverance conquers all tilings,', and still hopes to see himself in print and acnieve happiness. It appeals from the record of mar riages granted at Chicago, as published in the newspapers of that city, that the average marrying age there is far below that of thee stern cities. It is assumed, of course, that bride and bridegro im re port their ages correctly. At any rate it is often evident that the aliened unwill ingness of women to confess their full age does not prevent them from owning up to more years than have flown over the heads oftlie expectant grooms. There were giants, or, at least, there was one giant in those «Lays, when the imprint of a foot nineteen indies long and six inches broad, recently discov ered in Nevada, was made. As there are marks of bristles along the edges, it is not believe«l by all that it was a hu man monster that trod there, hut what sort of a creature it was is still a matter of doubt. A letter from Lincoln, Nebraska, says that region has no equal as a shooting ground for ducks and geese. The lium. her of geese on the Platte River can only he estimate«! by "land or square measure;" by the acre or by the mile; millions and millions anil millions! At daylight they take a sally out to the adjoining cornfields after food; they go out in all sized flocks from three to a hundred, and while some fee«l near tho river others go further until an area of twenty or thirty miles on either side of the Platte is covered with them. Sports men seoete themselves on the banks of the stream at daylight and shoot into the flocks as they fly out, then taking their teams hasten into the fiekls among the standing corn (no corn is cut there as it is East) where an indiscriminate fire is kept up until about 9 o'clock, when the geese begin to fly toward the Platte, where they spend tiie day on tiie sand-bars out of reach of shot-guns. At this juncture tho hunters hasten back to the banks of the river and again ambush themselves and shoot at the returning flocks. Late in the afternoon the geese make a second visit to the cornfields, when the above process may be repeated. , , •- gm A Methodist Local Preacher Elected Senator from Georgia. Philadelphia Press. Alfred Holt Colquitt, who has been chosen for the full term Senatorship, has been one of the leading men of Georgia al most since he readied manhood. His father, Walter T. Colquitt, was one of the most il lustrious men of his day, and represented Georgia in the United States Senate with great honor. Alfred Colquitt graduated at Princeton, and returning home stndieil law. He had hardly entered practice when lie left to engage in planting cotton in the belt of Georgia. He was one of the largest planters in tiie State, his cotton crop running as high as a thousand bales. In 1852, though scarce ly beyond tiie limit as to age, he was nomi nated lor Congress in the Second Georgia «district as a Democrat, and was elected atter a very laborious campaign. At the end of his term lie retired, though His constituents wished to force further service u, on him. When the war began he was elected colonel of tiie 0th Georgia regiment. He rose to the rank of major-general. He distinguished himself especially at Alustree, where he was in command and won a remarkable victory over a superior force. After the war he again planted cotton and was president ol the Georgia State Agricultural Society. In 1876 he was unanimously nominated for Governor as the successor of James M. Srnitii, and was elected by 82,000 majority. After four years' administration he came be fore the Democratic convention for n nom ination. The convention sat In Atlanta for more than a week, and because of the two thirds rule could not make a nomination, though Colquitt needed only nine votes oi the two-thirds. He was simply recom mended by a majority, and in the election defeated ex Senator Norwood by 55,000 votes. His liberal sentiments, his high Christian character and his wonderful suc cess in public life have made him well known throughout the country, The new Senator is a man of commanding appear ance, a perfect specimen of physical man hood, and a close observer would detect a slight resemblance to ex Speaker Randall, in his face, but Senator Colquitt i- more of the statures«] ue Roman type. He is a Meth odist exhorter and a strong temperance ad vocate. The negroes all over the State vote for him tor any office, andhe will be found an earnest advocate of the educational and ■n dustrial development of the new South. CELESTINE'S REVENGE. A Sort of Creole Cross between Ham let's Uncle and Xantippe. From the New Orleans Picayune. Romance, like history, repeats itself; and the performance given by the mel ancholy Dane for the benefit of "his mo ther and uncle found a new rendering last Sunday at a house on Frenchmen, between Morales and Goodchildren streets. Jordan Joseph, an elderly quadroon, has been married twenty years to Celestine Ricard. For some reason they quarreled at the breakfast table on Saturday. About 10 o'clock in the fore noon Joseph walkeil into the kitchen and observed a kettle of water on the stove, boiling hot. Although it was an unusual hour, the «fishes being all washed and put away, he did not ask what she was about, but feeling sleepy, laid himself down on the gallery for a siesta. He placed his hat over his face to protect it from the flies and his eyes from the light, and was soon snor ing quite comfortably, his left ear up permost. Celestine was waiting for this oppor tunity, and as soon she was satisfied that Joseph was sound asleep she stepped lightly into the kitchen and took the kettle of boiling water off the stove. On tiptoe she crept back to the gallery on which her husband was asleep, and hold ing the spout in such a position that the hot water would run into his car,-she tilted tin* kettle. Her hand was unsteady and a few «Irons fell out of the spout and on Joseph's face. With a yell of anguish lie awoke and then Celestine elevated the kittle, the scalding water falling on the neck and back of Joseph's head, scalding him terribly. He gained his feet and seized the woman, but she kept him from injuring her by pouring water on his legs ana feet. The agony was more than Joseph could bear, and he released her and she escaped. «Since then the couple have been dodging each other in various parts of the city. THE VICTIMS OF POMPEII. Investigations Into the Natnre and Result of the Catastrophe. Pall Mall Gazette. The Work of exploration which has been steadily going on in Pompeii for over a century, from the day when ex cavations first began on the site of wbat was then vaguely-called "La Civita," in 1738, has led to other than purely archaeological results. It has enabled a fairly accurate notion to be formed of the nature and extent of the catastrophe. We know, for instance, »that the lava stream did not reach Pompeii, and that the city was not destroyed by fire. We know also that the eruption was accom panied by one or more shocks of earth quake, which threw down houses here and there, and buried men and women under their ruins. From the fact that skeletons have been found at the en trance to the public bath, which was quit ted hastily by the few grand ladies who were not present at the gladiatorial per formance in the amphitheatre, the time of the catastpoplie can be fixed with ap proximate accuracy at or about noon. Above all, the discoveries of skeletons, every one of which has been carefully recorded for at least a century, enable some conclusion to be «lrawn as to the total number of victims of the catastro phe. It would be a mistake to suppose that the majority, or even a very large portion, of the inhabitants of Pompeii perished. The effects of tiie ashen show er were not instantaneous, and every on who could get away from the city on the first alarm probably saved his file. The bulk of the people were in the arnphie theatre, wiiich was situate«l near one*of the city gates on the side remote from Vesuvius, and there was nothing to hin der every one in the great audience from getting away in time. Those who perished were those who deliberately put off their flight to save wife and child, or, still more often, valuables. Of such victims 450 have been already found. From the year when the exca vations began, in 1748, to the year 1826, the total numner of human remains dis covered was 160; from 1827 to 1845 it was 63;frorn 1846 to I860 it was60; from 1861 to 1872 it was 87; and from 1873 to I88L about 109. But it is to be remembered that only two-fifths of the buried surface lias been brought to light. On the whole, there appears good reason for putting the total number of human beings who perished in the eruption at least as high as 1,100. To these should be added the skeletons of three dogs, seven horses, eleven hens, two tortoises, fifteen pigs, ten oxen, and the bones of fifteen other animals. The remains of one of these dogs were found in the porch of the "House of Orpheus," and the casts which Signor Fiorelli lias taken brings before us with a painful vividness one oftlie minor tragedies of that awful day. The poor béas t was chained at his post, anil in the general panic and confusion no one remembered to let him loose. The chain lay by the remains when they were found, and it was evident that the creature had strained his tether to the utmost in the effort to keep himself above the masses of ash and pumice stone that rapidlv accuinulateil around and over him. The cast is to be seen in the little museum at Pompeii. The «log lies half on his side, half on his back, his slender head and open muzzle gasp ing for a little air, buried between the hind legs which have been convulsively brought forward in the last agony of death. But the process which has been so successful in reproducing the very form and like ness of this creature as he lived and died has produced results no less extraordinary in the case of the hu man victims of "the catastrophe. The idea of pouringplaster of Paris in aliquid state into the moulds left by the bodies in the soft ash did not occur to any one till it suddenly flashed across Fiorelli about twenty years ago. Of the remains of the 180 human beings discovered in Pompeii in the first hundred years of the excava; i uis there is corfeequently only a written record. It is only from the Journal of Excava tions for the year 1831 that we know of the famous and touching sight which greeted the eyes oftlie first discoverers of the "House of the Faun." On the floor of the banquet 1 ing hall lay the body of a woman, probably the mistress oftlie house; with her jewels scattered where she had thrown them in despair of res cue or escape. The roof had been crushed in ov the weight of fallen ash and pumice-stone, and the hands of the dying woman were outstretched in a vain effort to keep off the impending weight. Parts of the body and clothing could still be made out, and a dr «wing could be made of one charming loot. But such recorils are lifeless an«l tame indeed bcs:de the extraordinary por trait statues which are now to be seen in the little museum at Pom peii. There were nine of these, or were a very short time since, ana to see them "is like seeing the men and women themselves of eighteen cen turies ago. Fiorelli's method is as sim ple as possible. A small opening is made, the plaster is delicately poured in, and when it has time to harden, the sur face crust of ash is peeled off, and the man or woman conies back to life again. The details of clothing and feature have all left their mark on the soft ash, and are all faithfully preserved in the plaster cast. The results achieved by Fiorelli are striking and complete Take the case of the elderly slave, for instance, proba bly a man of some sixty years old, who aDpears to have been taking his siesta when the eruption began, and to have painlessly asphyxiated in his sleep. He lies on his right side, tiie knees a^ittle bent, the left leg drawn up, axa the cheek resting on the right hand. The coarse, strongly-marked features, and peaceful expression of the sleeper have all been perfectly preserved. À hardly less easy death must have been the lot of four persons found lying on their backs in the street. Three of these were men, one of them a negro of the most pronoun ced type. The fourth was a woman of unusual stature, whose ti®*; becom ing a motner was evidently not l&r off, The three persons found lying on their faces do not appear to have found quite so quick a death. Two of them are women. One of these, an elderly woman with a thin figure, lies by herself, her face buried in her arms, as if to pro tect herself from tho .fatal rain. The other lies side by side with a man in whose company she appears to have taken flight. She has covered her face with a fold of her dress, and the hands are tight clenched in the last death ag ony. . ^ Life Hunt for a Tenant. Ruth Ward died in Philadelphia last week. For the last twenty years, her life had been devoted to two pursuits; first, the practice of electric doctoring, and, secondly, the endeavor to find a man and wife to live in her house, rent free, only stipulating that the man should be afchristain, and use neither liquor nor tobacco. In that thirty years her advertising for such tenants has been a very regular thing, and she complained to a friend last summer that she coaid never find a tenant fitting into all these re quirements. The good Christian would chew or Btnoke, and she never found one who abstained from gorg and tobacco, who was not otherwise a pretty tough customer. Prof. O. J. Goodrich, who has lived in Colorado since 1859, died recently in Denver. Mr. Goodrich established the first school and Sunday school in Denver. a a is a a of a to on to to ry a a m Personal Paragraphs. A reception was given to tne Rev. Joseph Cook last week by the pastors of all the Protestant churches in San Fran cisco. The Duke of Newcastle arrived in Boston a few days ago, accompanied by his physician. He will spend the winter in Florida and California for the benefit of his health. Controller Pattison, on his election as Governor of Pennsylvania, received from his old schoolmaster the following con gratulatory dispatch "Dear Robert: Accept my congratulations. 1. Tbes salonians. v. t 16. 17." The verses are: "Rigoice evermore"; "Pray without ceasing." «Sixteen years ago, when Hiester Cly mer was defeated as the democratic can didate for Governor of Pennsylvania, Dr. Jacob II. Scheetz, of Pottstown, made a vow that he would not chew any more tobacco untibthe democrats succeeded in electing their candidate. It was a good resolve and bravely has he kept it. But last Wednesday the good «ioctor went to a tobacco store ami bought the weed by the pound and had it cut up into plugs. Since then he seems to be trying to make up for lost time. Ten years ago, according to the Al bany Express, John J. Evers, of that city was worth $100,000, was Alderman at-Large, and was offered the nomination for mayor, which he declined. Soon afterward his fortunes began to change, and in the course of a few years he had lost all bis property. He did not lose his self-respect and independence, however, but he sought and found a chance to earn an honest living. He is now em ployed in the stables of a horse railroad company. "1 had to «lo something," he said to a reporter the other day, "and while this in not a congenial occupation, it is the best that offered, and 1 do not propose to become a beggar." W. W. Corcoran of Washington, wished a short time ago, so says a Washington paper to enlarge tiie Arlington Hotel in that city, and accordingly sent a note to Mrs. Freeman, who owns a fine brown stone house adjoining il] asking what val ue she placed on her property, and offer ing to send her his check for the amount. But great was his chagrin on receiving a a reply to the effect that .Mrs. Freeman had for a long time wished to have a larger flower garden, and that if Mr. Corcoran would kindly denote the value he placed upon the Arlington Hotel property it would afford her great pleas ure to send him her check for the amount. And now they say Mr. Corcoran has abandoned his ideas of hotel manage ment. An engineer employed on some of the public works at Szegedin, Hungary, bought four cigars one day not long ago and began to smoke. He had finished one arfd laid another, half-smoked, upon his writing table when suddenly it ex ploded, throwing him from his chairand wounding his cheek, ears, lips, anil left hand. Investigation showed that the cigar had contained a glass tube filled with nitro-glycerine. The fact that tobacco is a monopoly, manufactured and sold only by dealers licensed by the govern ment, makes the mystery deeper." If the officer's cigar had" been in his mouth when it exploded he would doubtless have been killed, a circumstance which does not add to the pleasure of smoking in Szegedin. Mrs. Banning, Dunlapville, Ind., ran away from her home and left behind her a note saying: "Hire a girl and stay with pa this winter, and always, if you can. I left some Canton flannel. Get some-one to make the girls some under wear. Don't think I went away with anyone, as I went alone. Don't let aunt live with you." Friday night, November 3, a lady of Oakland, Cal., dreamed that she saw her brother drowning, and was affected by the vision that siie could not be satisfied until she had seen him at his place of business Saturday morning, «Sunday, November 5, tiie brother and compan ion took a skiff to go fishing; the boat upset, and the brother was drowned. The Assault on Tel-el-Keber. Blackwood's Magazine. The dark line in front lit up with a blaze of fire ; rifled and big guns roared and crackled ; rockets whizzed overhead, and at the magic word "Chai-ge!" the whole brigade sprang to its f eet and rushed i. « s' ' •'* the blazing ine, the battalion on tne eft meeting so hot a fire that five officers and sixty men went down before they got to the ditch. For an instant the onward rush was checked, but the bugler beside Sir Archibald sounded the "advance." A wild cheer was the response, and the Highlanders dashed forward with a bound, and, after a race of some 150 yards, fourni them selves under the great sand heaps which formed the enemy's stronghold. No time to stop now—over they went, clambering and climbing, using each other's shoulders as ladifers; sticking their rifles into the sand as posts to hold on to; one way and another they got over anil inside, to begin that short, ghastly work, the beginning and end ot a "glorious victory." There was uo pause on the parapet, but each group of soldiers as it gained the crest dashed at the enemy, and the melee became gen eral anti desperate. The Seventy-ninth and Seventy-fifth could be seen in a large knot engaged in a hand-to-hand fight with a body of rebels who were desperately defending an inner line of works, which met the front line at right angles and was strengthened by redoubts atthe angles. The men gallantly stormed these, which were as resolutely de fended. Gens. Alison and Hamley, the former revolver in hand, were in the thick of it; the Scotchman on foot, lead ing a dozen different assaults, where the Highlanders rushed in and bayoneted the Egyptians. The fighting had lasted about half an hour; there was still a strong redouot to be taken, and a crowd of men went at it. The enemy's fire was extraordinary brisk and rapid ; the air was alivi! with bullets and shells. Tne Highlanders in front of the curtain found themselves fired on on three sides, and a great number began to retire. That was a very ticklish moment, but the offi cers succeeded in stopping them, and they were reinforced from the second line, and again went on. The point in the intrenchment which the Highlan ders carried had been fortified with much care, and was apparently the key to the position. A strong line nearly two miles long had been constructed, at right angles to the main line to guard against a turning movement; a second line paralell to it in the same direction. Everywhere redoubts had been con structed, and wherever there was cover there the Egyptian stood. Gen. Hanley however, rallied the men who were standing thickly, but in no formation, inside the front line which they had just carried, and led them straight along those intrenchments, getting on both sides of them, and thus taking their de fenders in reverse. As one of the Black Watch says: "Up the bank we went, and it was full of men and they turned on us like rats in a trap; but the infan try did not stand long. However, honor to whom honor is due; the artillerymen stood to their guns like men, and we had to bayonet them. As soon as that job was done I saw two regiments of caval ry forming on the right. 'Prepare for cavalry' was given, and in less time than it takes to write this we formed in a square and were waiting for them; but when they saw this they wheeled to the right about and off; they would not face a square pf Scottish steel. Just then two batteries of our artillery came into the field in fine style, and our men cleared ont and gave them room to work. Our men helped to wheel the guns into position, and so far as we were concerned the fighting was over. Mrs. Oapt. John Smith^Tangbter of Mor gan, alleged to have been killed by Masons m 1826, died at Mebems, Marion coonrir, Oregon, recently. Although questioned regarding the tragedy. the last declined to throw any light on the aufti ject.