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BILLINGS HERALD. VOL. IL BILLINGS, MONTANA. SATURDAY, MAY 3, 1884. NO. 49. OFFICIAL DIR-ECTORY. FEDERAL DIRECTORY. Delegate to Congress... Martin Maginnis, Helena Governor ..................J. Schuyler Crosby, Helena Secretary..........................John 8. Tookcr, Helena Treasurer...........................I). II. Weston. Helena j.nditor............................I. 1'. Woolman, Helena ('hiel'Justice..................Deems S. Wade, Helena , . . . .. (W. J. (ialbraith Associate Justices....................j John Coburn District Attorney.......A. E. Burleigh, Miles City. Surveyor General............ lohn S. Harris, Helena 11. g. Marshal..................Alex. C. Botkin, Helena COUNTY OFFICERS. ... ..... (P. ff. McAdow Members of the Legislature......■( g h Erwin gheritf..........................................lames Ferguson Treasurer...................................Jules Breuchaud Clerk and Recorder.............................H. II. Bole Deputy Cierk District Court............. lohn Tinkler Judge of Probate........................John McGinacss Assessor..........................................Robert Beters Surveyor......................................G. T. Lamport Coroner....................................Walter Matheson Superintendent of Schools.............. B. F. Shuart j W. B. Webb Commissioners............................... y E. 8. Tutt (F. W. Lee TOWN OF BILLINGS. ... ... „ . fJ. D. Matheson Justices of the 1 cate.................| Fred Sweet man Constables...............J. II. Bloom, Henry Yuilkcr Road Supervisor..........................J- W. Wheatley Fire Warden.............................A'. H. VanSiudeii Business Cards. S. SCOTT, D. 1>. S., DENTIST. AH work known to the profession carefully per formed. Office adjoining T. R. Mallon & Co.'s meat market. •YV J A. ALLEN, ' RESIDENT dentist. Offi te in Montana Lumber Co.'s Building. B. KELLEY, M. I». PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. Office in Montana Lumber Co.'s Building. j H. RINEHART, M. D. PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. Office in Belknap Block. M. BARKER, M. D„ PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. County Ehvsieian, Surgeon Northern Bacille Beneficial Association and Bliysieiun to Board of Health. Office in H. H. Bole A Co.'s »rug Store. /A F. GODDARD, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW. Montana Lumber Co.'s Building. Up Stairs. N. HARWOOD, ATTORN E Y-AT- LAW. 3i!5ee three doors East of Bank, Montana Ave. Billings, .M. T. T_J N. PLATT, Attorney and Counselor-at-Law. Montana Lumber < ■ ,'s Building (brick front.) Moutana. Av-.. Bliliugc. s. K - ATTORNEY-AT-LAW, Billing«. Montana. Office over Bank Exchange JAM! LAWYER. Buy« an 1 Sells R'-al Estate. Collections will receive prompt attention. Office over Fenskc's Store. Biding«, Montana. W AL1 I'islt MATHESON, NOTARY PUBLIC. it Lierai ! Office, Montana, Arc. >RT Ä OLDAKEit. Civil Engineers and Surveyors. Offic e over L. If. Fcnske's Building. F. M EUK: C.I à CO., T»E A LE ns IN AX* OO D AND COAL. L«av e orders at Babcock Jc Miles' Store. VIENNA BAKERY First Class Bread, Pies! Cakes HUBERT MOHR. s i U M M S 12 S' Boot : and Shoe Shop. Work Promptly Done. MONTA? JA AVE. (Bank Block) BILLINGS FRENCH CAFE. Choice lunch ! Meals at all hours ! Board by the day or week! JOSEPH PARQUE. W. R. BRAMBLE, - DEALER IN - Genera! Merchandise ! Groceries, Canned Goods, Bacon, Flour, Etc. DOB.V IN, - - MONTANA. Dressmaking MISS KATIE JENSEN,-MISS ANNA ROBINSON, DRESSMAKING AND SEWING OF ALL KINDS. 1st Door North of Court House. ^resia. 2JZÏ.11S: DELIVERED DAILY Lowest IES2btes ! CEO. «. BEFÎKEY. F. L. BENEPE, - DEALER IN - Agricultural Implements Mitchell Wagons. Miller Buggies, White anil New Home Sewing Machines. STORY'S Roller Process FLOUR Also Eastern Flour. Feed of all kinds, S*ed Oats, Wheat, etc. Everything in my line at Ilottom Prices. Call and sec for Yourself. JOS. M. V. COCHRAN, Manager. MAP AND DESCRIPTION Yellowstone County - AND THE - Crow Indian Reservation, John Johnston, C. E., Billings, Mont. Price 50ceach—Liberal discount to the trade. For sale by N. D. Malcolm, Billings, Montana. tf. C. RACEK, Harness Maker AND SADDLER. Cheyenne Saddles, Chaps and Cow Boy outfits a specialty. Dealers in Collars, Whips. Lashes Brushes, Combs, Etc. Billings, - Montana. L. H. FENSKE, Wholesale Dealer in Wines,Liquors And Cigars. FINEST BRANDS in the MARKET Trices Eqnal to St. Paul or Chicago. Freight Shipped at our Risk. Billings, Agents for Val. Platz' Milwaukee; Beer. Montana First National Bank BILLINGS, MONTANA. (Successors to Stcbbiu*. Mnnd «t Co ) Authorized Capital $2 50,000 Paid-up Capital $75,500. OFFICERS. STOCKHOLDERS AND DIRECTORS: | W. R. STEBBINS, Brest. W. L. BECK, Vice-Brest H. H. MUNI), Cashier. IL L. RICHARDSON, Asst-Cash ! B. W. Mo A DOW, JOHN McGINNEKS, JOHN It. KING. G. A. GRIGGS, J. W. COLLINS. FREDERICK BILLINGS, N. Y. City, W. G. KEEYE, Bern, 111., S. J. ANTHONY, Denver, Col Trinscc* a General Banking Busi.ca*. Collections promptly made and rumitted for. H. H. MUND. Cashier. j H. S. WHITSETT, Feed I Sale Stable Rear of McAdow & Covely's BILLINGS, MONTANA. Clearing Sale As I have concluded to close up ray business in Billings I have marked all goods close to the COST PRICES for the next 30 days, when I shall close. Any one needing Ladies' or Chil dren's Underwear, Millinery, Cloth ing, or Fancy Goods call and ex amine goods and prices. Mrs. David Matheson, Next to Park Hotel. WHEATLEY BROS., — NEW Livery, Feed 1 Sale Stable Oats and Baled Hay in Quantity Best Horses and Turn-Outs in Town GEO. BRECKENRIOGE. Supt. Twentv-SixtliStrect. rear of Feiutko'building. L. WHITNEY, Real Estate Agency. un m Jon 'xr. un Lots for sale in all parts of the town from to $2000. Buildings to rent. Come and see me in the Postolliec building Y pW-; STEAMSHIP TICKETS For passage to and from all parts of Europe and the United States. Guion Line. 1 Americas Line. Rkd Stak Line. | Allan Une. Hamihro-Amkrtcan I Florid Hi battino Packet Comi'anv. | Italian Line. Hottkkdam Line. L. WHITNEY, Agent. CITY BEER HALL ! WILLIAM F. EILERS, Proprietor. Fresh Eeer Always on Tap, The Bar is Supplied with the Finest of | ! Wines, Liquors & Cigars. Good Lunch Can Always be Obtained, m —— — The Bank Exchange. ! fliis Elegant Saloon has been fitud ; j j i ! Good Pool and Billiard Tables, j mckee Bros 1 j Ryan's Billiard up in Palatial Style, and is supplied with the very choicest brands ot Wines, Liquors and Cigars. This Elegant Place of Entertain ment has lately been turnished anew, and fitted up in palatial style. Milwaukee Lager Beer on Draught. BILLIARD TABLES THE IN TOWN. BEST T. IS"5r-A.2Sr, Prop. BLACKSMITH AND WAGON MAKER. Horse shoeing, Wagon Repairing, and all kinds of Blaeksmitliing Promptly and Satisfactorily done. 27th Street south. DORNIX HOTEL This first-class Eating House is located at the mouth of the Boulder River. Parties visiting Dornix will find the Best Fishing on the Yellowstone and good accommodations at the hotel. W. R. BRAMBLE, Prop. ALDERSON'S ADDITION TO I offer for sale over 1000 lots, embraced in my Ad dition to the Town of Bill ings and including a con siderable portion of the Town of COULSON. On a number of the lots good buildings are already erected, sait able for stores, residences and barns; also A Large Frame Hotel. There are also in this ad dition a flourishing brew ery, a soda water factory and a store. The addition embraces three-fourths of a mile of frontage on the Yellow stone Bicer, affording splendid Power for Manufacturing The addition is very ad vantageously situated for residences; being high and dry and in every way suit able for that purpose. When built the Billings & Benton R'y will start from this addi tion, and freight sheds and other railway buildings m ust be erected on it. The .Marti a is de Mores's extensive Slaughtering and Refrigerating Establishment adjoins my addition on ! one side and on the other side an extensive 1 nunu- j factory is projected to be starlett this season. The Northern ratifie] crosses the Yellowstone at , my addition, and the pro- \ j acted' i WAGON BRIDGE u'ill be located in the same\ vicinity. The Yellowstone j stock ant! mining regions of Stinking Water, Grey Bull and Northern Wyom ing and the Clarke's Fork country comes to this vicin ity, is also at this addition. I off er these lots, in ('lad ing such as have buildings on them, on liberal terms, and at such Bock Bottom Bates that the pur chaser can not fail to se cure a good Paying Investment. As my other business en gagements will keep me fully occupied this season, I should prefer to sell a one-half interest in the addition to some live real estate man who can sat isfy me as to his ability to handle it, and will give such a, man a chance to make big money. Or I will sell the whole addition out and out on very reasona ble terms. REAL ESTATE MEN would do well to make a, note of this chance as it it offers an active man a magnificent opportunity to coin money, by taking hold of it. For farther particulars apply to JOHN J. ÄLDERS0N, of „ a . OR DEVINE & MATHESON, BILLINGS, . . MONTANA. FAILURE. The golden peak* seem fair and far To myriad souls ascending, Far-reaching for the mystic heights Of fame and joy unending. Youth presses on with cagar face. Age creeps with slow and faltering pace, And many falter in the race,— To earth again descending. Ah, many climb who do not reach The heights to God uplifted; And many' fall from dizzy heights 'Mid clouds of earth blue-rlfted. For lo ! yon purple peak afar, Above whose crest'the midnight star Rhine* oft, unlocks its crimson bar To souls ulonc God-gifted. But shall men say that nil do fail Who reach not heights so glowing, But faint and weary linger oft By streamlets gently flowing, Or turn aside from peaks of snow, To help some brother fallen low ? And do these souls a failure know By deeds so humbly sowing. The purple peaks are for the few— They shall know fame undying; The broad, free plains are for us all, Where peace and hope are lying. God give us strength, if we do fail, And backward tunifwith faces pale, From dizzy heights, to seek the vale Without regret or sighing. —[Fannie Isabelle Sherrick. ! & » S.-S «Î « GEN. MANUEL GONZALES. President of Mexico. The unsettled condition of Mexi can politics, just now, a revolution being threatened on account, chiefly of the exactions made by the gov ernment, makes a sketch of the President, to whom his enemies as cribe the difficulty, opportune.— Mexico is short of money for the use of ihe government, and is re ported to be anxious to $20,000,(XX) at the present time, j Two years ago, under similar pres- j sure. Congress passed a law grant- j borrow j powers. In pursuance of this law j „ . . . i i President Gonzales recently issued . , , i i ,■ a stamp decree, thereby creating tl.o .„went nnmi dim tion wliicli iJ thc piesent complication, union is a i • .1 more disastrous to business than the previous financial stringency. General Gonzales has been Presi -1 dent of Mexico since December 1 knt of Mexico since Deccmbci L j l.SbO. lie was born about oO years ago, at Matamoras, State of Tamau- 1 lipas, Mexico. Preferring a mili . .... , . • ! tarv file, he joined the army as a ' J . private soldier, and rose rapidly in j his profession. He served with dis- ; tinction against the French in 1863 j and 1864, as colonel of a regiment, and lost an arm while defending i the fortress of San Marca against > the invaders. In 1876 he was ere-j ated a Major-General, and held office as Secretary of War during the administration of President Diaq whom he succeeded as the! result of a revolution. j Under President Gonzales's ad-j ministration Mexico has made rapid ! advances in material prosperity and civilization. He has a fine presence i is not tall in stature, but well built and of sturdy physique. Estimates of his character differ very greatly. WASHINGTON LETTER. (From our Regular Correspondent.) Washington, April 28.— The maddest man in Washington is jj e Emory A. Storrs, of Chicago, is here, in the interest of the Chi cago stock yards to oppose the Pleuro-pncumonia bill, but has taken a great deal of interest in the Presidential question. He was an Arthur man when he came, but called upon General Logan, the senator from his state, to secure his vote against what is familiarly called "the cow hill." While there Mrs. Logan reproached him for not supporting her husband, as they had been depending upon him to present the General's name to the convention, but she supposed they could find some one else quite as eloquent who would be willing to do it. Leonard Sweet of Chicago, she thought, was just the man 0 , . , , m • Sweet is Storrs s rival at the Chi oago bar, and his human nature was too weak to resist the temptation, Rather than have Sweet enjoy the honor of making the nominating ° . . , speech, Storrs deserted Arthur and joined the Logan boom. Since then he his spent most of his time at the Logan headquarters in constant consultation with the Illinois candidate, assisting him with his counsel and acting as a sort of deputy director of the Lo gan canvass. That he was to be a delegate-at-large from Illinois to the National Convention was well un derstood. It was announced by Logan and published again and again in the papers of Chicago and Washington. On all the slates the name of the eloquent Storrs ap peared, and that lie was to nomi nate the soldier statesman in the convention was equally well under stood. It is said that Mr. Storrs has been rehearsing his speech in his room at the Riggs House. a legislative porcupine. Mr. Wh ite, of Kentucky, seems to he developing as a legislative porcupine. Because Speaker Carl isle declined to allow him to deliver an utterly irrelevant harangue in the House he turned upon the ipon Speaker and charged him with be ing a representative of the Kentucky whisky monopolists. Mr. Carlisle declined to take any notice of the insult. White is the individual whose eccentricities were recently excused by Gov. Murray, of Utah, on the ground of his complete irre sponsibility—mental, physical and otherwise. CHANCES FOR TARIFF REFORM. The tariff debate may run over two or three weeks. As soon as the general debate closes it is the inten- j tion of the Republicans to move to j thß tail can vca \\ y wa strike out the enacting clause and thus kill the bill. They ai'G confi dent of Democratic help enough to accomplish this. Meantime Mr. Bayne, of Pennsyl vania, will on the first opportunity move to repeal the tobacco tax, in accordance with the proposition made by Speaker Carlisle in the Democratic caucus. It will require a two-third vote on that day to suc ceed in this, and there is an impres sion that he may succeed in getting such a vote. It will he a test vote of the strength, intelligence and sincerity ol the tariff reformers, who ought to muster their whole strength to resent such a repeal of pure reve nue. If the Morrison bill should be defeated at the close of the general debate it is understood that Mr. Hewitt has a new Tariff Reform bill prepared which the Committee on Ways and Means will report very soon afterward to the House. But if the debate on the present bill should not close before May 10 or 12, the opponents of tariff reform be Here theeession will then bo too j far gone and the House too ioipa . A , ,i i „'ii r tient to get through with appro-; pnation bills and other necesaaiy business and go home to allow of a j favorable consideration and debate of a second bill, _ ' The great question to be decided at this session seems to be whether the dog. : FOR THE SURPRESSION OF POLYGAMY. I ee on Terri- j ritories, by a vote of seven to five, j n.lAr.to.l n substitute nffprcrl hv Mr adopted a suüsuimc oueiea pj Air. Alexander to Mr. Cassidy's bill pro . . , i v , r L. vu u ?" 1)1 t , 1C a Pl )U1 . ntl . uent b\ the ( p rosl j e nt of a commission to govern V , .... . . t & , Utah. Inc provision relating to UUUi : *. . . v marriages requires that they shall ; solemnize 1 b} a miniotei. ju< ge, 01 justice of the peace, and . t ut t le j person so officiating shall hie a cer t ifi ca te of marriage with the county 1 recorder of lands within 30 days' after the ceremony. Failure to file! ! or record is punishable hv a tine ot : ALMr 1 , ... , - , ,i SoOO. Ihe substitute makes the i j so ] ein iRzation of a marriage when ; either partv to be married basa j husband or wife living a misde meanor, punishable by impiison i nient mjail not iez than six months j > nor more than 12. the newspaper copyright bill. The Newspaper Copyright Bill has been reported a lvorsely in the Senate by Mr. Sherman, Irom the Library Committee. Nevertheless j the bill was ordered to be placed on the calender by a vote of the Senate ! WHAT MAY HAPPEN IP BLAINE IS i NOMINATED. "IIow many tickets do you sup pose will be in the field this sum mer and fall?" an unofficial observ r of politics hero in Washington ; A ° asked your correspondent to-day. "Do you believe there will be more than two?', he was asked. "There mav not be more than two," lie replied, "but there may turn out to be three or even four. ! For instance,suppose Mr. Blaine is nominated — which, though not probable, I still think possible. In that case I believe it entirely cer tain that there will be a bolt 'from ! the Republican party, and a very large and important one. Some of these independent Republicans may go over to the Democrats but that will depend largely upon what the Democrats will do in July. My be lief is that the great body of them will organize an independent party with a thoroughly good platform and a sensible ticket, and ask the reform Domocrats to join them. That would make three tickets in field. What I am saying will not seem improbable to you," he con tinued, "if you will consider the peculiar political situation. Party bonds are very much loosened. A great mass of the quiet citizens are very deeply dissatisfied with both parties. The Republican party has i been going down hill for several ! s< Js it not an extraordinary ; to see a party which once was j honest, brave and patriotic, tolerat king the candidacp of a man like 1 " d ™ 8,D S ? f nation when they see stepping forth i un piushingly as Mr. Blaine's chief | supporter in what is called, con spicuously, the Blaine State, New Jersey, Mr. George M. Robeson? Now it is a mistake to suppose that the rank and file of the Republican party are demoralized. They are prejudiced,but honest; they will not put Blaine in the White House. ; They will not knowingly put a man 1 there who would make Air. Blaine Secretary of State and accept him as his boss. If Mr. Blaine is nomi nated at Chicago, which, as I said before, is not probable but possible you will see a' third .ticket in the field supported by* a great mass of Republicans who will not have Blaine. HERE AND THERE. A statue of Gambetta was un veiled at Cahors, his birthplace on, the 14th ult. The river and harbor bill appro priates the sum of $10,000,000 for internal improvement. A circus in the West advertise« "the only coal-black sacred elephant ever seen in captivity." Gen. Gordon is said to be the only Christian who is prayed for in the mosques at Mecca. The manufacture of rope from asbestos is likely to become an industry of considerable importance. The Homcstakc Gold Mining Co. of Dakota has declared its 08th dividend of $25,000. Total dividends to date $2.387,500. In 20 years the sales of single packages of patent medicines in Orea Britain have increased from 6,661, «57 to 18,457,990. The mill of the Franklin copper mine of Michigan treated 125,755 tons of rock in 1883, which is_7, I05 more than was stamped in 1882. It is estimated that the salt fields of western New York will this year pro duce 900,000 barrels of salt, ami that, tbs production will he doubled tlie following year. Dr. Harkavy of St. Petersbrug, who is examining certain rolls of Jvellunt purporting to be Scriptural records, has found among them portions of the hook of Isaiah. He thinks the vellums are about 1,000 years old. During he recent fighting in Egypt Ilaker Pasha's cheek bone was splintered by a..four-ounce iron bullet, which was so firmly fixed in the bone that it had to be sawn out—a long and painful operation—which was endured without amesthetic. Prince Bismarck's annual reve nues amount to about $25,000. He lives quietly, hut is hospitable and wishes all visitors to feel at home under his roof. ..... ... ,v '" 8 »" hlsl "j* * »"T" sel [ *■>'■ *>"*«■>•• .ml 1m f.vop... w.lk .. i 11 the oafc woods when Ins favorite flower, ....... A discovery has been made at Clinton, about 14 miles south of Akron, O., that promises to completely destroy the state geologist's whale theory of the coal system of that state. The find consists of a scLin of coal six feet, at a depth of 308 feet below the surfaced tha earth and from posed to he the lowest strata of coal, and being the deepest ever found in that part of h tIie country, There are rumors of the earlv re .. . r . r n ., r tirement of Mr. Parnell from the leadership , . T . f v r ... -p of the Irish Nationalist »party. Two rea sons for this step arc assigned-one that he j s tire<l of Parliamentary life, and the other t j t the party is wearied of him. His re tire . lcnt ia obstructed , however, by hia re nt acceptance of $200,000 of the people's money. At a met ting of the Irish National League recently resolutions were adoj-teU reaffirming allegiance to Mr. Parnell. Speaking of Wyoming, a -corres pondent of tlie Chicago Mining Iteview says: "There are other resources peculiar to this territory, ot which we see but very little mention in the'live-stock journals' of our West. There are immense copper mines here, also lead, iron, and f gold and silver hearing mines, which in no manner interest live-stock men; therefore it is, we presume, that no mention lias been made of the min ing resources peculiar to this territory." Trustworthy statistics show that for the 10 years ending 1882 the average an nual expenditure in the United Kingdom for intoxieati: g liquors was £136,000,000— an amount less by $100,000 than tb" amount thus spent in this country. This sum ex ceeded by £5G.000,000 the sum spent for brca,î; that spent f^.r woolen I_____ .1 .. I .. /•! Al C P.A AAA oods; by £101,100,000 that spent forbutter and cheese; by £106,000,000 that spent for milk; by £111,000,000 that spent for sugar; by £110,000,0o0 that spent for tea, coffee and cocoa; by £121,000.000 that spent for house-coal; by £122,000,000 that spent for cotton goods, and by £125,000,000 that spent for education. The annual distribution of an nuity goods at Lie Caur Oreille reserva tion, Wis., has just been made to 1,000 la dians. The Indians of this reservation en gaged ill logging the past winter, and hanked $180,000 worth of logs. They re alized from $2,000 to $3,000 net each from their timber. Agent Durfee describes some of them coming up in broadcloth and kid gloves, with gold watches chains and seals, to receive their dole of 10 pounds ol flour and three pounds of pork per capita. In addition to their rations they received agri cultural and mechanical implements, house-trimmings, locks, latches and hinges. They all have good frame houses. Wonderful Trees. Two remarkable trees of Central Africa have been described by tlie Span ish traveler, Al argues de Sosten. One of these, the acacia mimosa, grows lux uriantly in the mountainous regions, sending out its brandies from the ground, much in the same way as the libs of an umbrella when extended spread out from the handle. To com plete its resemblance to an umbrella of gigantic size the scanty leaves at the lop are closely interwoven, and the whole forms a natural protection from the sun's rays of no mean import ance to the weary explorer as he seeks re .t in the heat of the day. Many an imals, no doubt, also ava l themsclvea of its grateful shelter. Its height is about ten feet. The ether tree is still more curious. Its scient fie name is Iiaobab dima. This tree has a huge, smooth, dark-brown trunk, hollow in fr e center. Into this cavity it absorbs during the rainy season a storo of water sufficient to last for mauy months. Iu short, it seem3 to be a kind of cistern i tree. The branches are thick, short and bent inward. Few leaves are pro, due d, cud these are soon dried up, andt faking off, the branches look garnir enough.