Newspaper Page Text
BILLINGS, MONTANA, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 13. 1884 NO. 29 OFFICIAL DIRECTORY. FEDERAL DIRECTORY. Detent« U Congress... Martin Msgtnnl*, Helena Qevernw.............„.J. Schuyler Crosby, Helena .................-......John S. Tooker. Helena TfOMUfCf...........................D. 11. Weston, Helena Auditor..........................J. T. Wonlmnn, Helena Chief J not lee..............„..Deems B. Wade, Helen» * . . - . ( W. J. Galbraith Associate Justice*...................\ JohM Coburn District Attorney____A. F. Burleigh, Miles City. Surveyor General........„.Johns. Harris, Helena 0. 8. Marshal..................Alex. C. Botkin, Helena COUNTY OFFICERS. w f P. W. MoAdow Members of the Legislature......] s. H. Erwin Sheri IT......................................... James Ferguson Treasurer........................ Jules Breuohaud C'ierk and Recorder............——......... H. H. Bole lMuuty Clerk District Court............John Tinkler Jiidce of Probate........................John MeGinuess ------ . - .........................Robert Peters Survey it ...................................... «. T. Lamport PMvtnM .................. „ ........Walter Matheson Superintendent of Schools..............AF^Shuart Commissioners......-......................E- S. Tutt (F. W. Leo TOWN OF BILLINGS. . .. , „ cj. p. Matheson J «st ices of the Peace.............—• j Fred Sweetman Constables__________„.J. H. Bloom, Henry V.elker Road Supervisor..........................J- W. Wheatley Fire Wardru........._.................. «V. H. VanSiudeu Business Cards. •ß S. SCOTT, D. D. 8.. DENTIST. All work known to the profession carefully per formed, Office adjoining T. R. -Wallon £ Co.'s meat market. g B. KELLEY, M. D. PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. OMce in Montana Lumber Co.'s Building. Office hours 1 to 4 p. m. Telephone connecting office and residence. J H. RINEHART, M. D. PHYSICIAN and SURGEON. IT. s. Examining Surgeon, Pension Bureau. Of flea adjoining T R. .Wallon & Co.'s Meat Market. M. TARKER, M. D., PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. County Physician, Local Surgeon N. P. Beneficial Association, and Physician to Board of Health. Office in H. 11. Bole A Co.'s Drugstore. g M. HARWOOD, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW. Nffice three doors East of Bank, Montana Ave. Billings, M. T. Q F. GODDARD. ATTORNEY-AT-LAW. Montano Lumber Co.'s Building. Up Stairs. M, PROCTOR. ATTORNEY-AT-LAW, OSes in Belknap Block, Montana Av. Billings. J-^AMPORT & OLDAKER. Civil Engineers and Surveyors. Office over L. H. Fenske's Building. FRENCH CAFE. Choice lunch ! Meals at all hours ! Board by the day or week! JOSEPH PAROUE. Billings Bakery P, YEGEN A CO., Props. Wheat and Rye Bread, Rolls. Pies, Cakes, Confectionery, etc 3F3t3SS3r BMEJkSEVES7 D-Û-TT Campers and Freighters will find it their advantage to give us a call. 8. W. SOULE, — dealer is — Cigars and Tobaccos, Fruits, Confectionery, Etc. BILLINGS, - MONTANA. Freeli DELIVERED DAILY JLX XjOTxrest ZESa-tes ! CEO. X. BERKEY. WHEATLEY BROS., — NEW Lively, Feed ï Sale Stable ■ —Q ■ — Oat« and Baled Hay in Quantity* Best Horses and Turn-Outs in Town SCO. MECKENRIDGE. Sept TweDtr-BfctbStrect,. rear of Feneke'buihHng. Merchants Hotel E. M. RICHARDSON, Prop. Minnesota Avenue, BILLINGS, - MONTANA The Merchants Hotel has iast been Refitted and Re furnished and is kept in dr st-class style; is central ly located and the travel ing public will find it the most pleasant hotel in the city. Board by the day or week on Reasonable Terms. C. KACEK, Harness Maker AND SADDLER. TClieyenne Saddles, Chaps and Cow Boy outfits a specialty. Dealers in Collars, Whips. Lashes Brushes, Combs, Etc. Billings. - Montana. 33o Tour FALL maa.<A 'VTX2TTSB S3a.oFpl33.er u-t Mrs. David Matheson's. Millinery and Ready-Made Clothing for Ladies and Children, all fresh and at Low Prices. UNDERWEAR ! BOOTS and SHOES ! Buy everything you need ready- made and save sewing. -o Lovely Navy Blue Velveteen only $1.00 a yard. Mrs. David Matheson, CITY BEER HULL ! WILLIAM F. EILERS, Proprietor. — Fresh Beer Always on Tap. The Bar is Supplied with tbs Fiaest Wines, Liquors & Cigars Good Lunch Can Always be Obtained. J. C. BOND. è BLACKSMITH AND WAGON MAKER. Horse shoeing, Wagon Repairing, and all kinds of Blacksmithing Promptly and Satisfactorily done. 27th Street North. *V. P EASTERN LUMBER, :Sash, Doors, BUILDING PAPER. ALSO LUMBER, CEDAR SHINGLES, -AND CEDAR POSTS FROM MISSOULA, --AT THE PIONEER SAW-MILL BILLINGS, Native Lumber in Abundance. PRICES TO SUIT THE TIMES. A. S. Douglass, Billings, M. T. IL LIARD HALL J. Ryan's Brick Building. This is The Most Attractive Place of Entertainment in Town, THE CLUB ROOMS Up Stairs are Furninhed in Ele *gant Style, and ITlie Billiard. TaToles Are The Best to be Found in The Country. JOS. RYAN, Proprietor. First National Bank — of — BILLINGS, MONTANA. (Successors to'StebbluR. Mund&.Co ) Authorized Capital $250,000 Paid-upICapital $75,500. OFFICERS, STOCKHOLDERS AND DIRECTORS: *V. R. STEBBIN8, Prest. W. L. PECK. Vicc-l'rcHt H. H. MUND, Cashier. H. L. RICHARDSON. Asst-Cash P W. McADOW, JOHN McGINNESB, JOHN R. KING. G. A. GRIGGS, J. W. COLLINS. FREDERICK BILLINGS, N. Y, City, W. G. REEVE. Peru, 111., 8. J. ANTHONY, Denver, Col. Trinsacta Ge ieral Balking Business Collections promptly made and remitted for. H. H. MUND, Cashier. PETIB PEHOE, — Dealer in — Stationery and Fruit. 'Latest, Publications at hand. Local Newspapers. received fresh by every train. N more money than at anything else by taking an agency for the best sell ing book out. Beginners succeed grandly. None fail. Terms, Free. Hau. et * Co. Portland. Maine. FOSTEB ADDITION. Three Blocks From Depot. Worth ol Building« Erected m this Addition Last Year, Including Church, School House and Jail. HIGH AND DRY. Tlioro'U.g'li TDrainagre. Every Lot Can be Irrigated. Abundance of Water. TITLE PERFECT. Special Inducements to Parties Who Will Build. For Plats and Prices Appy to FRED H. FOSTER, With J. R. KING, Montana Ave. L. H. FENSKE, Wholesale Dealer in Wines,Liquors And Cigars. FINEST BRANDS in the MARKET Prices Equal to St. Paul or Chicago. Freight Shipped at our Risk. Agents for Val. Blatz' Milwaukee Beer. Billings. Montana STATIONERY ^ AT THE * Post Office building. Christmas and Holiday Fancy Goods In Endless Variety. The Finest Stock of Candies Erer Displayed in Billings. All Eastern Newspapers, Periodicals and Maga zines. Ink, Notions and Can dies. Cigars and Tobaccos. Orders taken for Music and Musical Instruments. BLANK BOOKS N. 1). MALCOLM. ((OSISKi^ In oases or dys, pepsin, debilitv rheumatism, fever and ague, liver complaint, inac tivity of the 'kid neys and bladders, constipation and other organic mal adies. Iloatetter's Stomach Bitters is a tried remedy, to which the medioaJ brotherhood have lent their profee sional sauction, and which as a tonic, alterative and household specific for disord ers of the stomach - liver and bowels has an unbounded popularity. For sale by Druggists and Dealers, to whom apply tot Host-rtter's Almanac for MP5. BlffiRS THOUGHTS OP THU HOUR. A MAD POET. Ye fledgling bards, that faiu on downy wing Would try with tougher quits to soar and sing ! Young larks on whom the cage-door ne'er had slammed. To lock you in. '*all silent and all damned I 4 ' Those poets counted great in other days, If writing now would have to mend their ways, They thought too much, and on their thinking bent. With plain heroic coupletsjwere content. • * * • * If you've originality, disgnise it; Be sure that Aristarch would despise it. Kçep otf the grass! Remember poor old Walt ! Be insignificant and shun his fault. Become sophisticate and ne'er reveal Aught of emotion you may chance to feel; 'Tis execrable form, 'tis most ill-bred: Songs come not from the heart, but from the head. Write Christmas verses in the month of June; In January sing a summer time; Chant elegies before the victims dead— For magazines want verse six months ahead. When, following my advice, you've con quered fame. Fail not to sign in full your middle name. My lot in this regard was very sad: I had no middle name—they thought me mad ! — [Nat Lee in The Century. 8heep Rai ing in Montana. The rapidity with which Mon tana has come to the front in the production of wool, has contribut ed materially to its existing pros perity. Prior to 1873 there were practi cally no sheep in the Territory. There are now over 600,000. valued at about $2,600,000. With the in crease of this industry, there has come a corresponding improvement in the character of the sheep raised, and both quality and quantity of the wool clip have improved. Mon tana wool now ranks next to the highest class of wool raised in the United States. The winter as a gen eral rule being remarkable for ab sence of severe snow storms, neith er shelter nor winter-feeding is often required, and it needs no argument to prove that the high and dry ranges of the Northwest form the natural home of the sheep, it being i next to imposible to originate dis ease among them where, as in Mon tana, they have the benefit of a sun bath almost every day in the year. There is no moisture to saturate the hoof and produce foot-rot, or wet the fleece and invite scab and other skin diseases. Browsing on ranges that are never muddy the fleece never gets dirty or matted, and though the animals are rarely washed previous to being sheared, the wool is as clear as that which is washed in many of the States. Profits on wool growing are esti mated by many as greater than on cattle raising, and even the more conservative breeders figure a profit of from 25 to 35 per cent, per an num upon all capital invested, and all agree that the wool clip will pay every item of expense, leaving the increase a clear gain. The loss from all causes is estimated at from 2 to 3 per cent. The annual increase of flocks is placed at 48 per cent., and the increase of 1,000 ewes, 2 years old and upwards, from 80 to 150 per cent., probably averaging 90 per cent. Sheep sell readily at from $3 to $3.50 per head. One herder can take care of 2.000 head. Sheep raising is emphatically the poor man's industry in Mon ana, for, having a free range, timber at hand for construction of sheds and corrals, and in fact no capital need ed for running expenses after the first season, he is master of the sit uation if he can command any sum from $540 upwards for the pur chase of a small flock. As an instance of the profits that have been made, may he mentioned the experience of Governor Potts, who invested $12,000 in 4,000 sheep and held them long enough to se cure one clip of wool and a year's increase (2,700 head), sold out and exhibited a profit of nearly $10,000 inside of 12 months.—[Montana Stock and Mining Journal. Cattle at Mew Orleans. The live stock quarters are un usually ample, and are situated in the northwestern portion of the park, towards St. Charles avenue. There are six distinct buildings for horses and two for cattle, with stall room for 1,000 horses and 500 cattle. The buildings for horses will be the two paralelled ro\Vs indicated on the plan of the grounds. Each will be 368 feet long by 60 feet wide and 24 feet high, and have stalls on ei ther side permitting the heads of the animals to face outward, there by leaving a broad paßsage way through the middle of the building. The buildings for the cattle stand at either end of the buildings men tioned and at right angles with them. They arc 378 feet feet long by 72 feet wide and 24 feet high. In addition to the structures for live stock, a regulation half-mile track is laid out adjoining the line of buildings. The track and space enclosed will also be used as an area for the dis play of live stock. These areas combined contain 2,080x780 feet, the stock exhibition covering 37 acres of ground. Over $125,000 has been appropri ated by the management for premi ums and the necessary expenses of making the livestock display. This is by far a larger sum than has ev er before been devoted to a similar enterprise. The object of the man agement in making this princely grant of money is to secure the 1 1 presence of the best examples of all classes of live stock to be found on this continent. Cattle Branding; Must be Stopped. [Chicago Shoe and Leather Review.] It is a matter of congratulation that the recent St. Louis conven tion of cattle raisers, tanners and hide dealers took so pronounced a position on the subject of branding hides. This evil—for it should be characterized by no milder term— has grown to such gigantic propor tions that the indignant and manly protest entered by tanners, hide and leather dealers, ruade a deep and we believe lasting impression upon the cattle growers. It is a case where the argument is exclus ively affirmative. There is no neg ative side to the question. The tanners and leather men said to the cattlemen: "You are, by adhering to your practice of branding, throw ing away millions of dollars every year. These millions, instead of going into your pockets, are liter allv burned and exterminated by your branding irons." To this indictment lîie cattle growers could make no defense. J. S. Medary, of the firm of Davis, Medary & Platz, tanners, of La Crosse, Wisconsin, makes an inter esting and significant statement in this connection. Briefly, it is this: At the convention a committee of the hide men was appointed to meet a committee of the leather men. During the conference which ensued, A. Rumsey & Co., of Buffa lo, exhibited three sides of sole leather. One bore no brand; a sec ond wa? marked by a small brand ; the third, to use Mr. Medary's words, "was branded all over the side." When the cattle men looked upon these sides and were made to understand the loss entailed by the branding, they promptly acknow ledged that the practice was one which involved useless waste of money. Many of them admitted that it was the first time they had seen evidence that branding as, now practiced, was a needless sacri fice of money. The three sides alluded to were then prominently displayed in the auditorium of the Exposition building. Over the side which bore no brand—the "X" or prime, was the inscription: "The value of the hide from which this side of leather is made was 12 cents per pound, making the value of this leather 30 cents per pound." The No. 1 or hutt-hranded hide was valued at 10 cents per pound, and the leather at 26 cents. Sur mounting the side which was "branded all over" was this legend: "The value of the hide from which this side of leather is made was 8 cents per pound, making the value of this leather 20 cents per pound." These figures showed the relative difference caused by the brands in the value of the hides. The differ ence between the butt brand and the heavy side brand is at least two cents per pou»d. Texas sole leath er hides average about 68 pounds, making a difference of $1.36 in the value of he hide. Of the humane phase of the sub ject of branding, we have nothing to offer in this article. With the cattle-growers it is "a matter of coin, not sentiment." They have been convinced that the existing system wipes out at least two millions of dollars yearly, which would other wise go into their pockets. Some means must he devised to stop this waste, and in the interim let tan ners and leather men continue the agitation of the question. They should lose no opportunity to pro test against side branding, and to regulate prices accordingly. When cattle-growers fully realize the im portance of the material intirests involved, they will work out the problem of ownership in some other way. Judging of Distance. It is very difficult to judge of dis tances at sea. Refraction always changes the apparent place of an object, so that we seem to see the sun after it has gone below the hori zon. A more striking but lesi fre quent phenomenon of refraction is that known as mirage. Refraction also affects the color of an object. The media through which the light passes has more or less effect upon the ray. In a fog objects arc dimly seen, the effect resembling that due to distance ; hence objects look larger, for the eye judges of the size of an object by multiplying the size of the image or impression re ceived by the square of the dis tance, while the'latter is estimated from the indistinctness of the ob ject. In the fog the apparent dis tance is increased, but the eye in terprets it as due to the opposite cause. On looking at the photo graph of a tree, a church, a monu ument or a pyramid, it is not pos sihle to form a correct idea of its size unless a man or animal is seen in the same view with which to compare it. In nature, especially on land, the intervening objects that lead up to it give the data on which to calculate the distance. Where none intervene, as in look ing from peak to peak, the eye must depend on distinctness, and where the air is very clear and transparent, as in Colorado, dis tances seem less than they are. If the object is seen through transpar ent but colored media, the form re mains true, but the colors are changed. Ât sea, on a clear day, distances may he calculated ap proximately by the proportion of an object which appears above the horizon line. The horizon is about ten miles distant when seen from the deck of an ocean steamer, con sequently another steamer which is "hull down" will be distant from the observer some twenty miles. With care distances can be thus quite accurately calculated. To Fatted a Poor Horse. Many good horse3 devour large quantities of grain or hay, and still continue thin and poor; the food eaten is not properly assimilated« If the usual feed has been un-» ground grain and hay, nothing but a change wifi effect any desirible alteration in the appearance of the animal. In case oil meal cannot be obtained readily, mingle a bushel of flaxseed with a bushel of barley, one of oats, and another bushel of Indian corn, and let it he ground into a fine meal. This will he a fair proportion for all his fee l. Or the meal, or the barley, oats and corn, in equal quanties, may first be procured, and one-fourth part of oil cake mingled with it when the meal is sprinkled on cut feed. Feed two or three quarts of the mixture three times a day, mingled with a peck of cut hay and straw. If the horse will eat that greedily, let the quantity be gradually in creased until he will eat four or six quarts at every fefding three times a day. So long as the animal will eat this allöwdrtce, the quantity may be increased a lit tle every day. But avoid the prac tice of allowing a horse to stand at a rack well filled with hay. In order to fatten a horse that has run down in flesh, the groom should be very particular to feed the animal no more than he will eat up clean and lick his manger for more«—Ex. Swindling the Church. "Yes " said Gus De Smith, "these saloons should be closed on Sun day. They do more to break down! the churches than -everything else put together." "How is that?" "Well, now for instance, that sa loonkeeper on the comer near the church in which I worship swin dles my poov pastor out of fifteen cents every Sunday. It's a sin and a shame." "Yes, but how does he do it?" "You see, he keeps open Sunday morning when I go to church, and/ as he has no confidence in church people, I have to pay cash; so he gets away with the fifteen cents I'ye put in my pocket for the contribu tion box. That saloon keeper robs the church funds of that much every Sunday. He ought to be rid den out of town on a rail." "I'll tell vou how you can head him off When you go to church take the street above. There is no saloon on that street." "Yes; but if there ain't any saloon on the street to church, it will hard ly be worth while for me to go to church at all."—[Texas Siftings. Origin of Fruit Canning. It is a singular fact that we arc indebted to Pompeii for the great industry of canning fruit. Years ago, when the excavations were just beginning, a party of Cincinnatians found in what had been the pantry j of a house, many jars of preserved figs. One was opened and they were found to be fresh and good. Investigation showed that the figs had been put into jars in a heated state, an aperture left for the steam to escape, and then sealed with wax. The hint was taken, and the next year canning fruit was intro duced into the United States, the process being identical with that in vogue in Pompeii twenty centuries ago. The old ladies in America who can tomatoes and peaches, do not realize that they are indebted for this art to a people who were literally ashes hut a few years after Christ.—[Indiana Farmer. A Bird in the Hand. " Well," he said to the minister at the conclusion of the ceremony, "how much do I owe you?" "Oh! I'll leave that to you," wa3 the reply, "you can better estimate the value of the service rendered." Suppose we postpone! settlement then, say for a year. By that time I will know whether i ought to give you $100 or nothing." "No—no," said the clergyman, who is a married man himself, "make it $4 now." The merino is unquestionably the king of the range sheep, ancl must for years to come supply the world with wool. For small nocks on high-priced land, with mutton as a necessary consideration, it may never be developed to equal the English breeds; but for oheap pas tures, large herding, and exposure, it certainly stands alone. The greater the size, the more nearly it combines the choice qualities of both extremes of the wool and mut ton breeds. An enterprising man supplies himself with choice stock when prices are low. This practice is perfectly applicable to the pres ent condition of sheep for wool. The man who puts up his wool honestly and raises the best quality, is not forced to go from home to sell it. It is true, also, that large, ripe muttons are not obliged to seek a buyer. There i3 more room for progressive breeders than ever be fore, because the demand for quali ty exceeds the demand for quantity ,. —[Prairie Farmer. New York raises annually five bushels of Indian corn for eaoh of her inhabitants, six and a half bushels of potatoes, over two bush els of wheat, a half bushel of rye, seven and a half bushels of oats amt a ton of hay. She supplies each person with nearly two pounds of cheese and twenty-two pounds of butter annually, and a pint of milk, every day in the year from hoc dairy herds.