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The Billings herald. [volume] (Billings, Mont.) 1882-1885, December 20, 1884, Image 1

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V
THE
VOL. III.
BILLINGS, MONTANA, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 20. 1884.
NO. 30
OrrlCliL DIRECTORY.
FCDERAL DIRECTORY.
àëMgat* to CongreM...Martin Maeinnis, Helena
G*T»rnor (acting)..........John S. Tooker, Helena
* 0 *Mtary ..................John S. Tooker. Helena
TNOinrer...........................D. II. Weston. Helena
auditor ....mm ...............,...J. P. Woolman, Helena
CUof Jiutlic.................Decius S. Wade, Helena
aaui. 1 . TMitl«*. I w - J - Galbraith
AMttiats justices....................j John Coburn
District Attorney____ H. V. Blake. Virginia City.
iorreyor General ............John S. Harris, Helena
t.a. Marshal.................Alex. C. Bothtn, Helena
COUNTY OFFICERS.
M — h o rs of the Legislature......{ g
.......................................John R. King.
_ r................................Jules Breuchaud
(and Recorder..............—........... F. W. Leo
_r Clstk District Court............John Tinkler
tof rrohate............................ --Jas. R. Ooss
Ammot ................................— F. M. French
imrreycr...................................... SROldaker
Coronal ........................................J *• Rinehart
Gmorlatmdeat of Schools-............ B. F. Shuart
(W. B. Webb
OoaaslsMonoiB-.....-...............■< E. 8. Tntt
(Omar Hoaklns
TOWN OF BILLING8.
Jastleosof tho Peace-............... {r. t. AUen* 80 "
Ooostablas........... ..J. H. Bloom. Henry Voelker
Road Snperriaor........................ M. B. RademSker
Firo Warden....................... ..W. H. VanSindeu
Business Cards.
B.
S. SCOTT. D. D. 8..
DENTIST.
All work known to tho profession carefully
farmed. OOce adjoining T. R. Mellon A <
assat market.
B
B. KELLEY, M. D.
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON.
Office in Montana Lumber Co.'s Building. Office
hours Ï to 4 p. m. Telephone connecting office
and residence.
J H. BINEHART, M. D.
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON.
V. S. Examining Surgeon, Pension Bureau. Of
fice adjoining T R. Mellon & Co.'s Meat Market.
JJ M. PARKER, M. D.,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON.
County Physician, Local Surgeon N. P.
Bénéficiai Association, and Physician to Board
of Health. Office in H. H. Bale A Co.'s Drug Store.
E.
N. HARWOOD,
ATTORNEY-AT-LAW.
Office three doors East of Bank. Monta ia
Billings, M. T.
o.
F. GODDARD.
ATTORNEY-AT- LA W.
Belknap's Block. Up Stairs.
jp M, PROCTOR.
ATTORNEY-AT-LAW,
Office tu Bclxnap Block, Montana Av. Billings,
J^AMPORT A OLDAKER.
Civil Engineers and Surveyors.
Office over L. H. Fenske's Building.
FRENCH CAFE.
Choice lunch !
Meals at all hours !
Board by the day or week!
JOSEPH PARQUE.
Billings Bakery
P, YEGEN à CO., Props.
Wheat and Rye Bread, Rolls. Pies,
Cakes, Confectionery, etc
ntpgH 3EBBA T? EVERY D-Ô.-3T
Campers and Freighters will find it
their advantage to give us a call.
SOULE,
DEALER IN
Cigars and Tobaccos,
Fruits, Confectionery, Etc.
BILLINGS,
MONTANA.
2 v£i 3 Js:
DELIVERED DAILY
-A-t DLoTxrest Kates !
CEO. BERKEY.
WHEATLEY BROS.,
— NEW
Livery, Feed i Sale Stable
Oats and Baled Hay in Quantity*
Best Horses and Turn-Outs in Town
SCO. MECKENRIOfiE. SapL
VvtatT-SixthPtreet. roar of Fcnpke'buiMlng.
National Bank
— OF
BILLINGS, MONTANA.
(Successors U£6tebbins. Mund A;Co.)
Authorized Capital $250,000
Paid-upSCapital $75,500.
OFFICERS, STOCKHOLDERS AND DIRECTORS:
»V. R. STEBBIN8, Prest.
W. L. PECK. Vice-Prest
H. H. MUND, Cashier.
H. L. RICHARDSON. Asst-Cash
P W. McADOW,
JOHN McGINNESS,
JOHN R. KING.
G. A. GRIGGS,
J. W. COLLINS.
FREDERICK BILLINGS, N. Y, City,
W. G. REEVE. Peru, 111.,
6. J. ANTHONY, Denver, Col.
Tr msic a General Banking Business.
Collections promptly uiutie and remitted tor.
H. II. MUND, Cashier.
FENSKE,
j
W holesale Dealer m
Wines,Liquors
And Cigars.
FINEST BRANDS m the MARKET
Prices Equal to St. Paul or Chicago.
Freight Shipped at our Risk.
Agents for Val. Blatz' Milwaukee
Beer.
Billings.
Montana
EASTERN LUMBER,
~rSash, Doors,
BUILDING PAPER.
ALSO
LUMBER, CEDAR SHINGLES,
• AITD
CEDAR POSTS
FROM MISSOULA,
••3
-AT THU
PIONEER SAW-MILL
BILLINGS,
Native Lumber in Abundance.
BRICES TO SUIT THE TIMES.
A. 8. Douglass, Billings, M. T.
FO
ADDITION.
Three Blocks From Depot.
0 . 00 1
Worth of Buildingi Erected in this Addition Lest
Year, Including
Church, Schoo! House and Jail.
HIGH AND DRY.
TtLoroU-g-li IDrsbinag-e.
Every Lot Can be Irrigated.
Abundance of Water.
TITLE PERFECT.
Special Inducements to Parties
Who Will Build.
For Plata and Prie.-« App y to
FRED H. FOSTER,
With J. R. KING. Montana Ave.
BILLIARD
J. Ryan's Brick Building.
This is The Most Attractive
Place of Entertainment in Town,
THE CLUB BOOMS
Up Stairs are Furninhed in Ele
gant Style, and
Tlie Billiard. T'a'bles
Are The Best to be Found
The Country.
in
JOS. RYAN, Proprietor.
Merchants Hotel
E. M. RICHARDSON, Prop.
Minnesota Avenue,
BILLINGS,
MONTANA
_
j
!
I
j
I
'
;
The Merchants Hotel has
just been Refitted and Re
* I
furnished and is kept in
first-class style; is central
ly located and the travel
ing public will find it the
most pleasant hotel in the
city.
Board by the day or week
on Reasonable Terms.
PETER PEROE,
— Dealer
in —
Stationery and Fruit.
Ê
Latest Publications at hand.
Local Newspapers.
in
Fruit received fresh by every train.
.
MY TEASE.
[The Hatchet.]
Ehe teases me etemalljl
Hor arching lipa devise
Most cruel things diurnally;
Yet in her liquid eyea
There dwells a sprite, who laughingly,
Doth whisper soft and low:
"She's speaking only chaffingly;
Bho loves you well, I know."
She finds that she can carry me
To darkest woe's domain
By swearing she'll not marry mo;
Still, it is sweetened pain;
For even while she's utteriDg
The werd-i in earnest tone,
Her little hand comes fluttering
To nestle in mv own I
STORT OF A TREE-FROG.
A Queer Little Visitor—A Slaughter
or Insects.
[T. Lr.ncey in St. Nicholas.]
One sultry night, in Indiana, I sat
busily writing upstairs close to an open
window. My lamp, placed upon my
desk, attracted countless numbers of
the insect world that come out to see !
their friends after dark; there was a
constant buzz around the lamp, and |
many a scorched victim, falling on its.
back, vainly kicked its little legs in air. j
Suddenly a clear low whistle sounded i
from tho window—a whistle somewhat i
like the sound made when a boy blows I
into the orifice of a trunk-key. Startled
for a moment, I turned my chair and
beheld, on the window-sill a little tree
frog gravely looking at me. His skin—
of an exquisite pale apple green color—
shone in the lamp-light. Fearful that I
might frighten him away, I sat motion
less in the chair, watching him interttly.
Presently he gave another little whistle,
as clear and sharp as a bird-note. He
was evidently making up his mind that
I was to be trusted (a confidence not
misplaced], and soon ho gave an easy
spring and was on the desk be
fore me. I hardly dared to
breathe, lest he should be alarmed.
He looked at me carefully for a few min
utes; and then, hopping under the lamp,
he began a slaughter of the insect crea
tion such as I had never before wit
nessed. He captured in a Hash any
careless fly or moth that came near him,
declining to touch the dead ones that
liad cremated themselves.
coming with his musical cry, and again
took up his position under the lamp.
For nearly threo weeks did my small
friend visit me nightly, and he and I
became great friends. House Hies were
his special delicacy. Stealthily crawling
up the painted wall, clinging to the
smooth surface with tho little disks or
suckers on his feet, lie would draw close
up to liis body first one leg and then the
other, and when within proper distance
he would dart forward and, snatching
the fly, would swing head downward,
his hind feet firmly glued to the wall.
Then, attaching his forefeet, he would
move on in quest of another.
He never missed his aim, and he
would quietly and calmly zigzag up and
down the side wall after every lly ho
saw there. He became quite accus
tomed to me, ami would hop on my
hand, and sit there looking at me with
a grave composure ludicrous to behold.
A Shakespearean Sentence Explained
[Foreign Letter.]
Back to Copenhagen. But never can
a' pen of mine describe the agonies of
getting back. The state railroad of
Denmark was unequal to the task of
transporting 15,000 people, and the
E assengers had sometimes to wait two
ours beforo getting a train, although
they ran every fifteen minutes. Yet all
were so patient and uncomplaining that
it was a perfect revelation to an Ameri
can. Not a word or murmur was heard
from even women who stood with chil
dren on their arms. Meanwhile an
American railroad, in tho person of its
accredited representative, waxed wroth.
"If we dared to do anything
like this," said the European
agent, "the people would mob U3,
and they would be right. This comes
of centuries of endurance! They'd bet
ter import an American railway." and r,o
on to the end of the chapter. It availed
nothing.
Completely fagged out we finally
reached Copenhagen. On the way home
I was suddenly aroused from my leth
argy. I smelt a smell. It was a strong
smell One that was richer than any of
the hundred smells in Cologne, and
stronger than any to be found in Naples.
It came from a Danish cheese store.
They have very many cheese stores here,
and each smells worse than the other. It
brought back to memory Shakespeare's
famous description of a Copenhagen
cheese factory:
"Something is rotten in tho State of
Denmark."
This is the "something" referred to,
and the description is quite correct.
Ladles In the Sub-Treasury Vaults.
[New York Journal,]
The ladies still call on the distin
guished Tom Acton. They like to see
the tons of shining gold and bales of
greenbacks. One charming little miss
was given a $10,000 bill to hold for a mo
ment the other day. She demurely re
plied, "Thank you "ever so much," and
opened her tiny purse preparatory to
depositing it snugly therein. She had it
partly folded when the genial assistant
treasurer started and said: "My
gracious, I didn't give it to you to
Seep. " The little lady opened wide her
beautiful eyes, and as she returned it
!
i
you.'
innocently said: "I beg your pardon—
I misunderstood
Tin* Logic of roiiquett.
[The Current.J
It is safe to say that, if there shall
Ê rovc to be any way for England to keep
igypt, the land of the Pharaohs will be
retained as a part of the British, empire.
Napoleon always favored conferences.
They consumod time and bound nobody
to anythiug. From the first guu that
opened on Alexandria and Arabi in 1882,
conquest has been the secret and logical
thought. Says the first fisherman:
"Master I marvel how the fishes live in
the sea!"—and the second fisherman
might have answered as aptly "Why,
as nations a-land—the great ones eat up
the little ones." i
Not Anonymously.
[The Current.]
Jainct Paya, in his "Literary Recol -
lections" now in course of publication
in The
young
works anonymously. "If one," he
wisely says, "has any personality be
After half an hour's enjoyment of this i
kind my applo-grecn friend hopped |
rather lazily across the desk, repeated
the whistle with which ho had entered— !
as if to say good-night—and went out
into the dark. I proceeded with my ,
work and soon forgot my visitor. But
J 'udge my surprise when the next night :
ic again appeared, again signaled his
a
... ;
Independent, earnestly advises 1
authors not to publish their
. .. - • . - -. . , - . .
lpnging to one (whether it is spelt with p
an^'T or not) is just as. well to^ claim l., 0
' ' ' ' '
j
otherwise some one is sure to do so.
Professor W. A. Henry: There is per
haps one farmer in teu that keeps records.
EUROPE'S ROYAL WOMEN.
Victoria and Alexandra—Ex-Queon
Isabella—Olga, of Greece.
[Olive Harper in New York World.]
Queen Victoria I 6aw twice whilo in
England—onto on the platform of a rail
way station, and a second time walking
in tho grounds of Windsor castlo. The
first time she was accompanied by her
suit and probably by her faithful John
B own, and the second time she bad
two little girls with hor and a tall man
servant walking sedately in the rear.
The queen looked just as do her pictures,
with the exception that her color and
hor eyes, her mouth and her gross
figure nil gi ve hor a very common ap
pearance, and she looks like one who,
were she not a queen, would be called a
hard drinker, judging from her appear
ance. There is nothing regal, nor oven
dignified, in hor manner or walk. She
wears very large shoes, and dresses in
deep mourning, with a widow's cap. She
has no grace of figure or outline, and, in
! short, her wholo appearance knocks to
splinters the theory of patriwui birth
| evidenced in appearance. Of course
this is but a superficial judgment. Her
j daughter-in-law Alexandra, however,
i has every grace and dignity and attri
i butc we involuntarily lie-tow upon
I princesses. She is everything that is
pageants dressed in regal state, and on
horseback, where she is indeed a spleu
! diil sight, dressed in velvet, gold-laced
and bejoweled riding habits, and I have
seen her on the Prater in the evenings,
at the opera at night, and, severest test
of all, at the exposition, under the hard
and searching light of day, and I de
clare still that she is a beautiful woman.
Once at the exhibition she stepped on
my toes, and, 1 must admit, hurt my
most precious corn, and she made more
apologies than I should have thought
necessary had I been the one to squeeze
her imperial toes, and when she found
that 1 could not speak anything but
i "American," she held quite à little chat
with me, much to the scandal of her fol
lowers.
Very different to her in manner was
the ex-Queen Isabella, whom 1 also met
with the young King Alphonso, who,
however, was not a king then, but just
a nice boy of somewhere about 20. She
is short, gross and fat, and with a most
repulsive countenance wherein it seemed
to me Jill the low passions predominated.
She was dressed very plainly as to mate
rial and color, though it docs not seem
to me that any amount of jewels or robes
could transform her into anything more
regal. The went about cheapening dif
ferent articles like a market-woman, and
puffing and panting along, her huge bust
and stomach shaking as she walked,
and pudgy hands thrust into immense
gloves, altogether making a picture not
pleasant to see.
Queen Olga, of Greece, I also saw at
the Vienna exhibition, as well as after
ward, when I was in Athens, and she Is
one of the handsomest women I have
ever seen, queen or otherwise. She is
rather tall, most exquisitely built, with
small hands and feet, thick dark hair,
large brown eyes, with eyelashes that
are simply wonderful, and with a pure,
cream complexion as rare as it is beauti
ful. She is very fond of horseback rid
ing and looks well iu the saddle, but I
love her best whon with her children or
with ladies. She is irresistibly lovely
and charming thou. It is but fair to
say that she is adored by her husdand
and her people. She is fond of knitting
lace-work, such as is done in Turkey,
and giving it to ladies who please her in
any way.
I saw tho empress of Prussia once
only, and then but indistinctly. She
was with the emperor, and they visited
Vienna together. After sitting for hours
to see the royal cortege pass the win
dow, at last my patience was rewarded by
seeing a carriage dash by as rapidly as
possible, and in it wore seated the griz
zly old emperor William and a withered,
frail-looking old woman almost bidden
in wraps and laces, and that was her
majesty the empress of Prussia.
The Deelre to Be dulled.
[Detroit Free Press.]
Let a long-haired individual with a
broad-brimmed hat, an Indian name, a
brass band and a peddler's wagon set
himself up at the street corner aud pro
claim himself a wonderful physician,
with a pauacca for all the ills that flesh
noble and engaging, and she draws all
hearts to her. Her children resemble
hcr. lier features and form are those of
the highest l.ussian type, and that type
is model. Mrs. MacGahan, the widow
of the war correspondent, who is now, 1
believe, in Toledo, and who is a Russian
lady, resembles the Princess Alexandra
very closely.
The Princess Alexandra is -very often
seen iu London, driving about with one
or more of her children, and is often
met m the South Kensington aud British
museums, where 1 have seen her. She
always dresses on these occasions with
the most extreme simplicity. The em
press of Austria, on the contrary,
dresses with the greatest elegance at all
compatible with tho occasion. 1 have
seen her many times in tho Vienna ex
hibition, ai way dressed magnificently in
satins aud rare laces. She mingles
freely among the people and displays
her rarely beautiful smiles for all alike.
i She has the most superb head of chest
| uut hair, wavy and glossy, that I ever
saw, and she walks erect and with a
! grace of motion seldom seen in women,
She has largo eyes, fuli of fire
, and spirit as well as affection, and is
altogether a most beautiful woman, tall
: and lithe. I have seen her iu royal
I
1
;
'
:
is heir to, and he will attract hundreds
of intelligent persons, who will pay their
in the advice of 1
whom they have
money to a man they never saw before
for a compound concerning which they
know nothing beyond his boastful
assertions. The same persons who
put no trust
a physician
known for years, and whose "interest it
is to advise them fairly and for the best,
will swallow with avidity the advice and
the nostrum of any loud-voiced quack
who forces himself upon their atten
tion. In some cases no doubt, it is be
cause the quack promises, having no re
sponsibility, what the educated physician
with a reputation at stake does not
promise. But in the vast majority of
cases it seems as if ihe impelling motive
—the ruling passion on which the quack
plavs so successfully—is the desire to be
gulled.
Snrf-Batlilne In England.
[Cor. New York Mail and Express.]
As our machine is unharnessed from
tho rope wo are pushed off down the
pebbly beach far into the Water until the
foam dashes against the little window
and we call out to know if we are being
taken right out to sea. And then the
feeling of freedom as we throw open the
feeling of freedom as we throw open
doors and windows, leisurely looking at
the ocean, and perfectly sure that no
p r yj n g e y 0 j s between us and the coast
0 f France. Barely time to get ready to
clothe ourselves in that marvel of ugli
ness, a straight blue serge gown, with a
' the neck, and
short"sleeves not reaching to the elbow,
. . . .. -,
strin g .*• fasten it round
in
beforo Betty is beside tho short,
steep ladder with her "F.cady, me
dear!" and she takes us up straightway irt
her strong, brawny arms, and down we
go fathoms deep under the ocean, it
6eoms to us. Or perhaps we are experi
enced enough to take a header, and first
submitting to the rope tied fimly round
our waist, away we go into the seething,
Rnrcrmcr fmm
Thof îc „ nn A
>"d S"*.« L «t — U, and threatens
to bear us out to sea, and there we sit
stranded until the next one breaks over
us and daslios us inland again. Even
the wildest surf in the summer season
in the neighborhood of New York can
not compare with the great waves that
habitually dash upon the Sussex coast
PRO AND CON.
Borne of the " Conservative »» CCccU
of Tobacco on tho System.
[St Louis Globe-Democrat. ]
Tobacco is chewod to a greater extent
in tin: United States than elsewhere; its
I use in tins manner, except in this coun
1 try, being mostly confined to sailors.
The effects of chewing are very similar
; to those of smoking. Unless the juice
' be swallowed it is likely there is less nic
otine taken into tho system by chewing
than by smoking. Tho loss of fluids
from the body, in either case, by expec
: toration, may be a cause of kidney dis
ease, ns held by some, but' the evidence
on this point is very far from being ccn
elusive.
Tobacco is classed by msny authors
among the narcotics, but it does not, in
any reasonable dose, produce a stupe
fying or benumbing effect; hence it is
no more a naj cotie than arsenic, anti
mony or any of tho ordinary depressing
agent s whose action it may resemble iu
some regards. It does lessen the waste
of the body and permits a greater
amount of muscular exertion than could
be effected without it. Dr. Hammond's
experiments, published in The North
American Review, some years since, di
rectly prove the truth of this assertion.
He found that the loss of weight, with
a measured amount of work was greater
when the workman used a moderate
amount of tobacco than when he was
deprived of it.
The effect of "the weed" upon the
mind is a soothing one. The passions
are less active and the disposition more
equable under its use than without it.
Discomforts are born with equanimity,
and the monotony of existence oil ship
board, in prisons, in solitary camps, etc.,
becomes endurable when tobacco is fur
nislied. It diminishes the wear and
tear of tho muscular system of the
underfed workman, and evidently has
tiie same effect upon the brain of tho
man who does too much mental labor or
who has to go without sleep.
A knowledge of these conservative ef
fects of tobacco gives a key to the prob
lem which to the person who does not use
it seems insoluble. How has it been
able to gain such a wide diffusion
among the races of mankind? To the
uninitiated it is in every way disgusting.
Its odor, taste and effects upon the
stomach and brain are all repulsive,
fetill it meets a demand çf the system
which is not met so perfectly by any
other substance. Alcohol, tea, coffee,
cocoa, the betel nut, opium, Indian
hemp, and a variety of drugs have this
in common with tobacco; they all more
or less diminish the waste of the body,
but most of these produce deleterious
effects vastly greater than the good to
be derived from them.
While a moderate use of tobacco does
no harm to the vast majority of persons
who indulge in it, on the contrary, adds
to the pleasure of life by diminishing
the wear and tear of the muscular and
nervous systems, and rendering life
endurable when without it the physical
wants would be too severely felt, it is
not without its dangers. During the
period of rapid growth end development
the physiological effects of tobacco are
the very ones which are undesirable. The
t ssucs must change rapidly or the
growing child becomes stunted in his
growth, and the highest development of
the mental faculties becomes impossible.
The memory cannot regain facts, the
judgment cannot be exercised, percep
tion is dull, the will is weakened when
ever the delicate brain-cells are not re
newed by the most rapid loss of worn
out matter and gain of new and Ibgiily
vitalized substance. Observations, con
ducted with all the care and thorough
ness characteristic of the German sei n
tists, have conclusively shown that
pupils who smoke make much less ra' id
progress in school than those who do
not use tobacco in any form. There is,
therefore, good reasons for the rule that
no child or youth should be permitted
to form tho tobacco habit.
The substances used in the prepara
tion of chewing and smoking tobacco
are generally less harmful than the to
bacco itself. This is true of vanilla,
tonka bean, cinnamon, cr.scarilla bark,
etc.; net true, however, of opium,
which has been employed to some ex
tent in cigars and cigarettes. Although
opium, when smoked, is not so bad as
when taken in substance or in tho form
of morphine, yet the habit of opium
smoking when once formed, is as diffi
cult to break up as the whisky habit.
Tobacco—fine cut or plug—put up in
tin-foil, is dangerous, like snuff, as a
source of lead poisoning.
TUe Beitouiiix Llgiil Atrinker*.
Gen. It. E. Colston, late of the
Egyptian general staff, says in The
Century: "In the 'Waterless Land,'
water is the paramount question. If it
be asked how a large body of Bedouins
like the 10,000 who nearly destroyed
British squares at Tamai, manage to
subsist, the reason is plain. In the first
place, they do not need the enormous
trains required for a European army.
They are the most abstemious of men.
Each man carries a skin of water and a
8maU bag of grain, procured by pur
chase or barter from caravans. Their
camels and goats move with them,
supplying them with milk and
meat, and subsisting upon the scanty
herbage and the foliage of the thorny
mimosa, growing in secluded wadies.
As to water, they know every nook and
hollow in the mountains, away from the
trails, where a few barrels of water col
lect in some shaded ravine, and they can
scatter, every man for himself, to fill
their water-skins. Besides the Bedouins,
accustomed from infancy to regard
water as most precious and rare, use it
with most wonderful economy. Neither
men nor animals drink more than once
in forty-eight hours. As to washing,
they never indulge in such wasteful non
sense. When Bedouins came to tho
camp, water was always offered them,
Their answer would frequently be: 'No,
thanks; I drank yesterday.' They know
too well the importance of keeping up
the habit of abstemiousness. No won
der they can subsist where invaders
would quickly perish.'
Labor Bureau».
Thirteen states have labor bureaus.
Massachusetts-set the example iu 1869,
Pennsylvania followed in *72, and Ohio
in '77. Illinois and Missouri came in
two years later.
SWEET AND SUBTLE SCENTS.
1 popular Perrumeo-iligh Priced
tatlon»~Attar of Bose«.
[Chicago Tribune.]
There i3 probably more deception
off * , " more
Sf. r of ^, anm "7. °* h « r J a '
i F. lctl ^ 8 P u Jf*° 2 e^or- As is well known,
Ivery best samples come from Turkey,
doue up in grotesque little bottles; but
| " ffi JiÄTta tttC
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tied in the enterprising river towns of
Connecticut. Along the Ganges river
great quantities arc made annually, but
even in the east the preparation is adul
terated with oil of rose geranium and'
Himalaya grass, which latter ingredient
has become so valuable that an exten
sive trade is carried on with it. Only
an expert can tell real attar of roses,
and then the test is chemical. It con
geals, if unadulterated, at 55 dogroed
are lar
Fahrenheit, aud the crystals
largo
and almost transparent The rose from
j
j
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i
which this precious oil is taken is the
Damascina, the leaves of which ore used
for the manufacture of rose-water.
Nearly all the strong rose perfumes
are based on the funereal tube, which/
however, gets little or no favor among
people of refined taste, who never use a
powerful odor. They prefer the chaste
scent of the violet, about which tho
wiiio'.vy Oscar Wilde talked so much.
Tho viol a odorata is the species most
used and tho harvest, which lasts from
iebruary to May, gives employment to
hundreds of women and children. Wild
olives muxe a deliciously delicate per
fume made almost exclusively in
southern Europe; wheuce also is obtained
; thyme, aud old-fashioned but very
agreeable odor. Rosemary belongs ex
clusively to sunny Franco; being tho
delicious perfume that it is, to make
no mention of the beauty the poets
have woven round it, it is always in
demand and always high-priced. From
the Malay peninsula eomo3 a curious
little blossom called Patchouli of a most
powerful odor—indeed, a few drop3 of
the oil will go a long way in » quart
bottle of distiiiod water.
The verbena of our garden is never
used, as is generally supposed, for mak
ing the cologne that bears its name. Tho
commercial verbena is extracted from
the lemon grasses of Singapore, but for
all that deception it is a favorite with a
great many connoisseurs.
The lovely Provence, immortalized in
"Traviata," cultivates millions and mill
ions of ro.se geraniums, from which is
counterfeited essence of African gera
nium. The substitute is by no means
an inexpensive one, as it takes 2,000
pounds of rose geranium to make two
pounds of African.
Mignonette is another agreeable per
fume, and a general favorite among
fashionable clubmen. Both lemon and
orange oils make delicate toilet waters,
which are most used by the exquisites of
the tropics.
Lily of the valley is delicate but not
durable; however, nine out of every
ten fastidious brides use it on their
bridal trousseaux. Heliotrope is an
other dainty fragrance, most effective
when it emanates from a bit of rare old
lace, or is wafted to the senses by the
graceful sway of some antique fan.
Celebrated beauties and old ladies who
have had romantic or varied girlhood
always have it iu their for-ever-and
ever boxes, and every old love-letter,
oiiil glove, and silken souvenir seems
breathing forth the delicate scent. It
seems almost sacrilegious to tell it, but
the flower which figures so conspicu
ously in all lovers' floral albums does not
sacrifice its cluster head for tho manu
facture of the perfume that bears its
name. Heliotrope comes from a mix
ture of violet and vanilla, and, much as
it is prized, is rarely to be had with
those constituents unadulterated.
The seductive bergamot is made from
lemon oil. The fruit is picked while
green, 200 being required to yield a six
ounce bottle of perfume. Most of this'
comes from Messma, and cotwitlisiaad
iug the fruit is dirt cheap the perfumtfi"
finds all its admirers among the
wealthy. _ '
India'* Situai lor
[Cor. Chit a o Tribune.]
When there is to be a general uprising
and revolt in India the natives are noti
fied of it by wheat cakes being sent from
village to village with great secrecy.
This is Hue the sending of the fiery cross
in the middle ages in .Scotland. I have
often seen the remark made in print that
no antiquary in India has ever been
ablo to explain the origin cf this cus
tom. It was only yesterday that a
gentleman who had been seven years in
India, Afghani, tan and Birrnah said to
me that he could never get an explana
tion of it.
I wrote about a year ago a letter to
The Panjabi Notes and Queries, in which
I suggested the following as its elucida
tion:' When tho Chinese in their re
volt against their Tartar ruler wished to
unite all the country in a common cause
they do so by sending cakes or bread
from village to village to siguify that all
were to be as host and guest—that is, as
members of the same household or
family. As there have always been
secret societies—or, as one may say.
Masonic affiliations—between India and
China, this is all the more likely to have
been the beginning of the custom.
pi»- The maraidiga is like the polenta,
in that it is made of boiled maize, but
it is unlike the latter in one important
respect, as the grains are not allowed to
People Who Do Not Bet Breed.
The Gartenlaube has an article on
those civilized nations a large portion of
whose peasantry eat little or no bread.
Baked loaves of bread are unknown in
many parts of Southern Austria and
Italy, and throughout the agricultural
districts of Roumania. In the villages
of the Obersteiermark, not very many
miles from Vienna, bread is never seen;
the staple food of the people being sterz,
a kind of porridge made from ground
beech-nuts, which is taken at breakfast
with fish or curdled milk, at dinner
with broth or fried lard, and with milk
again for supper. This sterz is also
known as heiden, and takes the place of
bread, not only in tho Steier
mark, but at Carinthia and
in nuny p uts of tho Tyro'. In tl e
north of Italy the peasantry Eve ch o y
on polenta, a porri g* n-'d ■ of 'ol l
maize. The polenta, however, is not al
lowed to granulate iike teuton gorriage
or like Austrian sterz, but is toiled into*
a solid pudding, which is cut up and por
tioned out with a string. It is eaten
cold as often as it is hot, and it is in
every sense the Italian's daily broad.
The modem Roumanians are held by
many scholars to be descended from a'
Roman colony; in other words to be tho
cousins of the Italians; and, curiously
enough, a variation of the polenta called
mamaliga is the national dish of Rouiua
settle into a solid mass, but Arc kept
distinct, after the fashion of oatmeal
porridge.
Texas Siftings: If men knew as muefr
at 45 years of age as they thought they
knew at 20, there would bo' more states
men in the country.

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