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THE BILLINGS HERALD.
PUBLISHED EVEUY SATURDAY. SUBSCRIPTION $3.00 PER YEAR IN ADVANCE. DEVINE & McFARLIN, Editors and Publishers. Entered at Billing* Pott Office as Second Class Matter Tux Hkkald has contracted uhder the printing law to flo a 14 legal advertising, printing and publishing of whatever char acter required to be done in Yellowstone County, or for which said county is charge able. BI LIANGS. OUR NEW GOVERNOR. The telegraph announces the nomination, by the President, of R. Platt Carpenter of New York for the governorship of Montana. This man was the tail of the de feated Folger ticket in the late gubernatorial campaign in which Cleveland wis successful. Thus we have a discomfited political adventurer foisted upon us, who, rejected by the suffrages of his fellow-citizens at home, seeks from the administration a govern ment appointment at some distant point, where, in the indulgence of a petty despotism over a new people, with whom he has not one thought or sympathy in common, he may divert himself from his disappoint ment and chagrin. We regret very much that the President should have so contempt uously ignored the wishes of the people, as expressed in that plank which was embodied in the Repub lican National platform, through the exertions of Col. W. F. Sanders, their best representative in the Chi cago convention, and which morally bound the administration to select, in future, all federal appointees for the territories, from the body of their own peoplo. It was hoped by many that J. S. Crosby, our late failure, in accord ance with his expressed pledges, would urge upon the President,who is understood to be his personal friend, the designation of a resident of the territory for this important office. In this action we see the sincerity and value of such assur ances, and the ease with which a political trickster may cast off like a well worn garment the professed friendships of yesterday. It is a reasonable result of the whole unnatural and artificial sys tem. We cannot expect the politi tical accident, who comes among us for a day, aud then through the exi gences of party necessities is called away to some new servituie, will take the trouble to remember our wants or champion our rights. THE PARK TROUBLE. We hear of serious trouble in the Park, resulting from the deter mined resistance of interlopers, who having received sufficient warning to remove, have stubbornly defied the authority of the officers, and continued in possession of their il legal holdings. According to the Livingston En terprise, Superintendent Carpenter, attended by District Attorney Bud long and a corpse of Assistant Su perintendants and Park police, on Tuesday last, visited the residence of Tate and Scott, burned their buildings, and confiscated a load ol provisions en route to the owners. They then proceeded to the ranch of Jackson and Cuttler and com mittted a similar spoliation. The occupants of these places claim that they were informed by the govern ment surveyors, who located the roads in the park last summer, that the tracts held by them, were with out the limits of the reserved lands. We greatly fear that Mr. Carpen ter's course in this matter is an ill advised and lifts ty one, and will not be endorsed by the Secretary of Interior. The law will not bear the inter pretation placed upon it by the lo cal authorities controlling the park, we feel certain, when the matter is tested in the Supreme Court, to which high tribunal it must even tually be carried. As it is, the National Park occu pies an anomalous position under our statutes. Whan set aside by Congress, it was placed under the exclusive and discretionary jurisdictiou of the Secretary of the Interior, who ap pointed a Superintendent in chief, .and twelve associates: the Superin tendent to have authority to select in addition a sufficient number of game keepers to protect the great preserve from the depredations of hunters within its lines. This body of officials however, have never re ally been clothed with any execu tive powers, save that of confisca tion of property, found in posses sion- of tresspassers. They could not make arrests, and of course when determined resistcnce to the en forcement of the laws was made, they were practically powerless. Governor Hale of Wyoming, therefore, in order to meet this diffi culty, last summer appointed two local Justices of the Peace, and two Constables, and caused ajailto be erected in the lower geyser basin. Offenders against the laws v •re to oe bi'ougitl oeioi e Usvbti mù^icaiq.ic*, and tried in accordance with the general laws of Wyoming. Immediately under the cover of this newly vested authority, the most high handed outrages were perpetrated. The Drexel party from Philadelphia, numbering among it some of the most promin ent residents of that City, were ar rested under the charge of having in their possession a few pieces of obsidian, which was proved in eyi dence to have been given them by one of the Park Superintendants. A general raid upon the officers and guests of the National Hotel was meditated, but public leeling was so strongly aroused, that the effort was not made, and the "Court" subsided for a time. The law as rigidly interpreted, make it an offence to remove any object within the Park from its nat ural position, and these objects are partially specified, including the hot spring and geyser formations, all mineral substances, and the very grass and flowers. It will readily be seen that no person can make the tour of the, park without offending this foolish law an hundred times. The local court endeavoured to carry out the strict letter of the law, and had it persisted in the course first adopted, not a single person could have hoped to escape prose cution, and the imposition of fine and even imprisonment. It is certainly only just that the vandalism which has been rife in the park, should be checked, but a line should be drawn somewhere, and a distinction made between the offender who deliberately mars or destroys the geyser cones, and other natural curiosities, and the tourist, who in the unavoidable exigencies of traveling and camping, innocent ly but repeatedly commits a breach of the laws, but is quite as liable to the penalties, should the local "jus tice," choose to inflict them. The statutory enactments regulat ing the park certainly call for such a revision, that the visitor who enters it on pleasure bound, may not be subjected to a tyrrany equal to that of a Russian province, and to the liability of the annoyance and disgrace, of suffering fine and imprisonment because of a techni cal infraction of a puerile and senseless law. FENCING THE PUBLI0 LANDS. The question of right, under the laws, to fence large tracts of leased or purchased lands, claimed by the cattle monopolists, is being hotly contested in Texas, Kansas and Nebraska, in the form of a destruc tive, but so far bloodless warfare. Especially in Texas has this as serted right been excessively abused, and public roads have been obstructed, access to water-courses intercepted, and in one case a court house enclosed, by mileä of barbed wire fencing. In the Indian territory large dis tricts of grazing lands are leased from the Indians and fenced in, the tract when exhausted, lapsing to the original owners, with all im provements placed thereon. The usual method pursued, is to submit the matter to the Secretary of the Interior, who of course ap proves, and the deal is consum mated. The Indians, who are too indolent and unskillful to till the lands and render them productive, receive a small sum per acre, a suf ficient income to them without labor, and the tracts, in almost every instance, when denuded of their rich herbage, are abandoned to weeds, and the improvements to ruin and decay. The cattle interest is rapidly be coming the leading one of the country, the safety of the invest ment and the high percentage of profit, attracting large sums of eastern capital, which, owing to the depression in the stock markets and the uncertainty of the times, is how seeking new channels. The Standard Oil company re cently leased a large district of country in the "Cherokee Strip" and surrounded the whole with ex tensive fencing. As soon as the work was completed th°. settlers of the vicinity, in a body, completely destroyed it all by cutting the wires and removing the posts and burning them. It was rebuilt and again de molished, and although w'e believe steps have been taken to reconstruct it again and defend it by armed guards, the effort must surely prove futile and will only end in wholesale of bloodshed. The precedent of leasing Indian lands has been here established, and the present effort being made to obtain possession of the Crow reserve, if successful, will be but further extension of the privileges already frequently accorded, and will only terminate, as in the other instances, with a widespread en closure of' the lands, and an endless, bitter and sanguinary strife between the monopolists and the settlers. Cabinet making still progresses, Congressman Money of Mississippi ig having a boom for the position j puetuiuster-generui. OUR WATER SUPPLY. The question of its water supply is a vital one in every community, and the time is now ripe for the discussion of this important matter by our poople. The extensive and disastrous con flagration of last summer was a painful and expensive proof of the helplessness of our situation, and the ridiculous inadequacy of our protective means against the spread of fire, when once it has gained headway amid a group of wooden structures of such exceedingly in fiamable material as that composing most of our buildings. It is estimated that the sum of $30 is paid each day by our people for water hauled from the river. Would not this amount more than maintain a competent system of water works, such as would render us safe from the wide spread de struction which was the experience of the summer, reduce to a nominal sum the exhorbitant rates now ex acted for insurance, and furnish our homes with a purer and better article, in quantity sufficient for all domestic wants? Persons compe tent to judge have fixed the amount necessary for the erection of such works at $25,000, the full amount necessary for the cost of machinery, mains and hydrants, and placing them in position. It is believed that it would not be difficult to find capitalists ready and willing to advance this amount should the, town contract to pay a reasonable sum annually for the use of the hydrants, placed at proper points for use in case of fire. This would pay the cost of opera ting the works, and the private sup ply would, at fair rates, pay a hand some interest on the investment. The organization of an efficient volunteer hook and ladder and hose company would then afford U3 full and complete protection against future wholesale destruction by fire. THE TERRITORIAL PRESS ASSOCI ATION. The question of a territorial press association is again receiving some attention at the hands of our con temporaries. We trust that the re agitation of the subject may he fol lowed by practical results, as the formation of such an organization would bring many material bene fits to the press, and to the territory at large. We join in the work, heart and hand, and suggest that a meeting be called at Helena, for the purpose of giving the matter the full con sideration which it demands. The Northern Pacific and Balti more & Ohio Express companies are now perfecting arrangements to form a through express from the Atlantic to the Pacific. If this combination should finally be con sumated it will not only be benefi cial for the express companies but for the general public and especially for the people along the line of the Northern Pacific railroad. It is now positively asserted by the political wiseacres of New York, that Morton, Arthur and Evavts are bn a still hunt for the New York senatorship. Conkling docs not seem to be considered. Democratic friends of Samuel J. Randall say that he is seriously considering the acceptance of a cab inet position. Senator Riddleberger is fighting the confirmation of the appointment of McCulloch at secretary of the treas ury. NEWS OF THE WEEK. On Monday morning, St. Paul had a $7,000 fire. On Friday last, Jamestown Da kota, had a $10,000 fire. Chippewa Falls Wis. had a $200 000 fire on Saturday evening, several lives were lost. The French chamber of deputies have abolished the grant for Catholic theo logical colleges. The rival claims of England and Germany to African territory are to be set tled by a commission. Judge McCoy of the United States Court in Georgia, became insane while holding court last week. The author of "Sarah Burnum" is under going two weeks imprisonment for the publication of that work. Jud LaMoure, the celebrated Da kota represents "''e had his residence in St. Vincent, burned on Sunday last. Reports of outrages upon the Christian population of portions of Turkey, are attracting considerable attention. The natives of Egypt*are confi dent that the British expedition for the relief of General Gordon will be unsuccess ful. George S. Barker has been ap pointed assistant treasurer of the Northern Pacific railway with headquarters at St Paul. The steamship Carranza, from Rotterdam for Lisbon, foundered off the Isle of Wight. Eleven persons were drowned. "Prof." McLaughlin and William Mnldoon had a mixed wrestling match in St. Louis on Sunday last, in which Mul i <iooM won - ! The probability that the United I States will not renew the fishery tieaty with Canada is exciting some attention in the Canadian capital. London is again excited over al leged dynamite business; this time it is believed that the dynamite fiends intended to blow up London bridge. A union has been formed of 180 members of the reichstag to consider the monetary question, which is arousing re newed interest in Germany. The Union Pacific Round House at Granger, burned Saturday night. There was not a drop of water available, or the fire could have been put out easily. Col. James G. Barret, of Washing ton lias been appointed chairman of the committee to arrange the inauguration ceremonies on the 4th of March next. The executive committee of the Now York cigar makers' union, appointed a committee to go to Washington to op pose the ratification of the Sponish treaty. On Saturday last, a fire in a can dy factory in Detroit Mich, resulted in the death of three girls who were employed in it. The loss of property amounted to $5,000. On Friday last a severe storm yisited Chesape >ke bay and its tributaries, destroying many of the oyster schooners and causing a loss of life among the crews which is estimated at fifty. Pittsburg window glas3 manufac turers have notified employes that unless a reduction of 10 to 15 per cent, in wages he accepted the furnaces will be blown out on the Saturday preceding Christmas. Henry Quilber, a bank clerk and musical critic, is about to be married to Miss Fortescue, and the $50,000 which she received as damages in the celebrated breach of promise suit against Lord Garnwyle. The labor troubles at Angus Iowa have resulted in the arrest of the striking miners. The citizens express much indignation at the arrest of these men and it is feared that serious diticulty may arise. Gen. Hazen, chief signal officer, lias preferred charges against Lieut. Gar lington for disobedience of orders and ne glect of duty in connection with his com mand of the Proteus expedition for the re lief of Grecly. The Russian Government has abolished the quarantine against France, Italy and Spain because of the cholera in those countries. The embargo on the im portation of rags, however, is still main tained. Considerable damage to property in Erie, Pa., and vicinity was caused by a wind storm on Monday. Buildings were blown down, forests and orchards destroyed, and several cars of a stock train blown from the track of the New York. Pennsyl vania & Ohio railroad. The municipal authorities of Turin, Itally, refused to receive a deputa tion of unemployed working men. This exasperated the men and a riot ensued. The windows of the mayor's i partments were smashed. Twenty-five arrests were made before the disorder was quelled. Charles Stephens, alias Omaha Charley, was lynched last week in Mary ette, Nodaway county, Mo. He shot a man in a bar-room quarrel, but did not kiil him. A sensational sequel is promised in the shape of a damage suit for $100,000 against the county authorities by the widow of the man who was lynched. Spink county, Dakota, is in a state of armed neutrality which it was at one time feared would result in bloodshed. Tlie cause of the present condition of af fairs, is a county seat dispute between Ashton and Uedfield, citizens of the latt town secured the books and records which were kept in Ashton, by blowing open the safe of the re jitter and forcibly taking then away. The matter has come before Judg. Smith, who decides that the books and re cords must be returned to Ashton. HERE AND THEKE. a I I j I 1 It is easier for a woman to return j a kindness than a copper-bottomed pre- ! serve- kett le. —[ Puck. I A cabinet officer that would flat ter the west: For Attorney General, Judge Lynch, of Missouri.—[Philadelphia Call. A travelling Illinois thief, una waie that his wife had gone to housekeep ing in Elgin, broke in at night and carried oil a lot of his own jewelry. Mr. W. W. Story, the American sculptor now living in Rome, has received a commission from Cornell University for a bronze statute of Ezra Cornell. Mrs. Martha Strickland and Miss Lee of Michigan'have lately been nomin ated for the office of Circuit Court Com missioner by their respective parlies in Michigan. Experiments at certain school centers of London have proved that a pen ny 13 sufficient ta pay all expenses for a substantial and nutritious dinner för school children. A trust fund of $5,000 has been created by the will of a Frenchman, who recently died, the money to be expended for the relief of soldiers wounded "in the next war with Germany." May Agnes Flemming has been dead for years, but the succession of her novels does not stop. One investigator of the subject declares that the present Miss Fleming wears whiskers and trousers. Boston post-office authorities have in operation, experimentally, a machine for cancelling and postmarking letters. In a recent trial, letters were put through the machine at the rate of 150 per minute. Council Bluffs has burglars and the mayor prints the following notice: "I will pay $50 to any citizen who will cap ture a night thief in his house and deliver him at the city jail. The law|permits you to shoot the rascal on the spot." Some Scientist makes the inter esting discovery that there are nearly as many claimants for the origination of the expression "painting the town red' as there are assumed authors of "Beautiful Snow," which illustrates the law of contrasts by painting the town white. A few Sundays since. Mr. Yates, editor of the World, went, as is his custom on the Sabbath, to church, and at the close of I he service was rallied by a friend about his absorbed attitude of reflection. "Ab!" was the reply, "I might weii look serions. I was thinking about the next World." Girls were introduced as barbers in a Chicago shop, and business was won derfully brisk for a few weeks, but then suddenly declined. "Once was enough for a man to be shaved by a female hand,' says the proprietor, "and after the cuts healed he kept clear of a second ordeal." The Springfield armory shops will turn ont more rifles this year than ever be fore since the war. the average being 40 a day. Last year's produce was 35,000, and the product of the year before was 32,000. The amount of work depends on the amount of the appropriation, which is $400,000 a year. John Martin decided to starve himself to death at Marysville, Oat., but his neighbors took an opposing view of his undertaking, aud appointed a committee to hold him, pry open his mouth, and pour gruel down his throat. After this had been done daily for a week lie promised to eat normally. The workmen employed at the Boston Navy Yard In tearing apart the old United States war ship Virginia, find the wood in a good state of preservation. Tin's is attributed to the fact that her timbers were salted. Large lumps of salt have been taken from her that were put there over 70 years ago, when she was constructed. A most singular case at law, now in the Supreme Court of Virginia, is that of Cabell and Maguire against ehe Southern Mutual Insurance Company and others. It Is singular from the fact that the word "others" stands for upward of 3,000 per sons, whose names as defendants fill nearly five closely printed columns of the Rich mond papers. Twenty-five years ago a suit was commenced against the collector of the port of New York, by Penkard & Holton, to recover excessive duties on importations. After a great deal of litigation other cases of a similar character were consolidated with the original case, and a decision is ex pected in a few days. All but one of those originally interested have died since the com aiencemanl of the suit. In the Journal de Médecines de Paris a writer proposes that all large cities be supplied with fresh country air. just as they now arc with water. A large field in the country is to be surrounded with a high wall and planted with balsamic trees, to filter the air from dust. The air is then to be forced through pipes into every city house. The hygienist gravely calculates the expense, and provides for cooling the air in summer and heating it in winter. Experiments have lately been made by the French government with a new kind of siege gun of prodigious power. It is described as made of steel, and nearly thirty feet long, and the tube is strengthen ed with ten coils of plated steel wire one millimetre, or .039 inches in diameter. The composition is such that the cannon, after a few discharges, becomes elongated by three millimetres. The weight of this gun is fifty tons, and it projects a shell weigh ing 297 pounds, capable of penetrating armor plates nearly six inches thick at a range of seven and one half miles. In remarkable scope, great variety, ex traordinary interest and permanent value the contributions secured for the Christmas number of The Current (Dec. 20) undoubt edly surpass the previous achievements of any periodical. They comprise papers upon nearly every known aspect and phase of the Christmas tide in all portions of the civil ized globe, and ihe contributions are from between thirty and forty of the most emi nent writers of the United States, Canada and Europe. JOHN TINKLER'S BULLETIN Of Properly for Sale. Ranch of 320 acres, 2 houses, large barn, good Milch house, never failing spn>gs, 10 cows, 9 yearling calves, a 2-year-olds, 1 Durham bull, 8 brood nvircs, 3 colts, 2 wagons. (1 luirnesses, firm I implements, chicken house and 20 chickens; 7 I miles from Billings. j Three hundred and twenty acre ranch, line I land, 8 miles from Killings. ni les 1 j ! I Quo h mnd red [lip rg. cud sixty acre s land 7 : Tli r( »p hu dred and twenty ncr s choicest i m the vj alley, 1 îr dies from BiUiiti SS One h mi dr«.*.» a 1 . 1 sixty acres v. ■ith the bos urove nr. jnT.andl farming tools. E verything ; One Ii untlrod a nd sixty acres near Park first-elm -.s house, good barn nev er failing : im [OeS. well of water, hewed ids corral 250 feet square; fann ing implements, consisting of reaper, mower, rahe, wagon, plow, bn mess, etc.: 11 mares, all voting: 1 stallion, half Norman and half Morgan, weight l,5uo pounds; 15 heed of cattle, princi pally cows; 5 hogs; 60 acres broken and sufficient seed for crops. One hundred and sixty acres land 9 miles from Billings. Three choice lots in block 5S Billings. Good milk ranch with first-class improvements and never fating supply of water; 5 miles from Billings; very cheap. Two lots in block 129, cast front on 27th streat; one of the very best business locations in Bil lings, cheap for cash. Very fine stock ranch on the Murselseell, ICO acres fenced, some breaking, 2 good houses, good corrals; will be sold for cost of improvements. Twenty lots in block 293; will be su».i altogeth er for less than cost. Lot and good log house, size of house, 20x10 in Billings; cheap. House and lot for sale on north side of track. Farms for rent adjoining Billings, to desirable tenants. A few very fine coal land chances; thickness, of vein from 6 to 14 feet. The great advantages which the town of Bil lings possesses, together with the new enter prises to be commenced this spring, will pre clude the above properties from remaining long in the market at their present prices. For par ticulars apply to JOHN TINKLER, Over Fenske's Wholesale Store. Montana Ave., BILLINGS. MONTANA. 1305 HARPER'S WEEKLY. XX.XjTTS'rsa^L'rEX). IlAurER's Weekly has now, for twenty years, maintained its position as the leading illus trated weekly newspaper in America. With a constant increase of literary and artistic re sources, it is able to offer for the ensuing year attractions unequalled by any previous volume, embracing a capital illustrated serial story by W. E. Noruis; illustrated articles w ith special reference to the West aud South, including the World's Exposition at New Orleans; entertaining short stories, mostly illustrated, and important papers by high authorities on the chief topics of the dav, Every one who desires a trustworthy political guide, an entertaining and instructive family journal, entirely free from objectionable features in cither letterpress or illustrations, should sub scribe to Harper's Weekly. HARPER'S PERIODICALS. 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Clu'h Cases for each volume, suitable for bina ins, will be sent by mail, postpaid on receipt ol *1.00 each. . . „ . _____ Remitiancos should be made by Post-Oihce Money Order or Draft, to avoid chance of loss. Newspapers are not to copy this advertise ment without the express order of Harpe» & ^Address HARPER & BROTHER?, New York. McAdow SUCCESSORS TO P. W. McADOW, Wholesale Dealers In GR0CERIE AND GENERÄL MERCHANDISE, California Underwear and Blankets, Mills Leak & Co.'s Celebrated Gloves and Mittens, California Overalls and Duck Goods, lined and unlined. We have also a large and well selected stock of Liquors and Cigars ! A Large and Complete line'of Crockery, Lamps, Chandeliers AND GLASSWARE. FLOUR BY THE SACK OSS XjOl&JD a FARGO BEST" and "GALLATIN XXX" At the lowest figures it can be procured in this market. fVScÂOOW & COVELY, BILLINGS MONTANA. AMD Railway Eating Housi Âii Traîna Stop at tills Hotel for Meals. Guests will, 1 Jfind that 'the Accomodations are First-Class in Every Particular. F. L. GREENE,} p . M. S. GREENE, \ ^ r0 P ri€t01s - ML H Wholesale and Retail DRUGGISTS Belknap's Block, Billings, M. T. PATENT MEDICINES ©± ^11 2 S 3 .xx 5 .s_ Toilet Articles, Stationery, Toys, and Fancy Goods.