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A:itnnual Review'r of. the o.'rade ol
the Tnited 'States as Re ported byt R; G. tin. AN IMPORTANT ONE From Many Points of View-Finan eial Power on This Side-A Triumph in Finance. New York, Dec. 30.-R. G. Dun & Co.'s weekly review of trade will say in tomorrow's issue: The year 1898 has not only been one of victory, of im portant increase of territory and of incalculable expansion of the influence of the United states among other na tions, but has surpassed all other years in financial and industrial results. The center of financial power has crostd the ocean. After paying debts of several hundred millions abroad and conducting a war.to an honorable end, the country is lending so many millions in Europe that for the 'first time the banks abroad look to New York to dic tate the rate of exchange. Exports have been about $1,250,000,)00 and the excess over imports about $617,000, 000, against $857,000,000 in 1897, and only two previous years has the balance risen to $800,000,000. In no past cal endar year have net imports of gold reached $75,000,000, but this year they have been about $140,000,000. Novem ber passed all previous months in value of produce exports over imports, but December has gone much beyond November. Power in the world's mar ket comes with a demand for bread stuffs and other necessaries ever before equalled. Exports of cotton have been over 7,700,000 bales-about 3,936,000, 000 pounds-and in no previous year as much as 7,000,000 bales, or 3,500,000, 000 pounds. Exports of breadstuffs have been in value $288,918,294 in eleven months and have never been as large in any other year. Exports of wheat for the year, lacking a day or two, have been 218,594,686 bushels, flour included, slightly exceeded only, by 225,665,812 bushels in 1892, and of corn', 200,979,077 bushels, only ap proached by 189,127,570 in 1897. The heaviest exports of both grain and flour in any previous year were 59,000,000 bushels smaller, only 360,220,513 in 1897. Though wheat was raised to $1.91 in May, the highest quotation, with the highest monthly average for thirty years, 1583.2, so that the average for the first half year was 111.11, exceeded slightly in 1891, but the highest since 1894. The December average has been only 72 cents, 20 cents below that of last year, but the clear average of 93 cents is the highest since 1881. The triumph has been largely due to industrial progression. The output of pig iron was about 11,645,000 tons, the greatest yet reached in any year by two million tons, and greater than Great Britain ever reached by 2,800,. 000 tons. Yet the consumption in manufacture has been still larger, in spite of net exports of pig in ten months, 163,089 tons for unsold stocks were reduced in eleven months, 380, 000 tons. Exports of iron manufac tures in ten months were about $87, 644,53. in value, against imports of $13,497.817. The prices shown for the year in the table comparisons have been unusually steady, varying not 5 per cent for pig to the lowest, to the highest and for finished products not 6 per cent. Textile industries have been retarded by high prices of wool and abnormally low prices of cotton, both deterring purchases. In three months cotton reached $5.81, the lowest price for fifty years, the greatest yield ever known being followed by receipts since Sep tember of 857,000 bales larger than last year. Exports have increased, but not as greatly. Toward the'close recovery came with accounts of some destruction by storm, and the price reached $5.87, giving strong impulse to the manufac tare, so the takings by northern and southern spinners in the calendar year have been 3,425,200 bales, little greater than in any previous crop year. Goods were, reduced in price 5 per cent to the middle of November, but have risen 7 per cent and closed at the highest point for the year., In spite of the enormous stocks held, wool was so lifted that buying both of wool and goods was checked early in the year, but slow de cline began in February. Sales have been only 282,451,131 pounds at the chief markets, so that mills have prob ably used less than a full year's supply and the stook of goods was also exces sive a year ago. Failures in the United .~tates for the }e k were 252. and in Canada 22; , 274, against 189 last week, 292 preceding week, and 416 the corres `gweek of last year, of which 895 in the Vnited States and 21 in SOf the fallures in the United 74 .have liabilities exceeding ;and ,178 - iabilities less than S ,For four weeks of December i$abilities of firms failing were a60i, ag. t $10,866,586 last : Tawas lata@SrS tsrro e thousands of beoab its utbreak is 1add frequ tJ7 fatal. and Gonen ption Cure oiaes of c ° -. It has to fail. worst $old ple LATCRB.ERWS IN BRIEF. T .:o Kansas senate has passed the populist railroad bill. The number of legal executions in 1898 was 109, as against 128 in 1897. Governor-elect Roosevelt of New York took the oath of office Saturday noon. Two cases of Asiatic leprosy are re. ported in Perry county, Ohio, the afflicted being young women. Coongress will meet again tomorrow and about the first matter to be taken up will be the Spanish treaty. The French. ministry of the colonies deny the report that Dreyfus has em barked from Cayenne on his return to France. Negotiations for the payment of CuO ban troops are progressing. The idea is to advance the money, charging it to Cuban revenues. Friars have offered for sale all their possession7 in the Philippines, which consist of many thousand acres of the richest land in the islands. The Old Transylvania university at Lexington, Ky., which has been estab lished- 100 years, celebrated its centen nial anniversary Sunday in a most fit ting manner. Joseph Vacher, the French "Jack, the Ripper," has been guillotined. Al though only 29 years of age he is known to'have brutally murdered over thirty persons. Orders have been issued by Secretary Long directing the discharge of a large number of men who enlisted for one year from ships undergoing repairs at various navy yards. According to the statistics compiled by the Chicago Tribune the loss of life from various disasters in this country between January 1 and the morning of December 31, 1898,'was7,346. Secretary of State Hay has disap proved the Scrymser •concession grant ing exclusive cable rights to land cables in Hawaii for twenty years to the Pa cific Cable company of New York. The son of a wealthy and influential resident of Chicago has been arrested in New York on a charge of forgery. He is at the head of a slick gang of forgers, but has run the end of his rope. Beginning with the first of the year, a 2-cent stamp will pay the postage on any letter of the weight of one, ounce or less from any part of the United States to any part of the dominion of Canada. Work on the battleship Ohio has been begun at the Union Iron works in San Francisco. The Ohio will be the largest ship ever built 'on the Pacific coast and one of three largest ever built in the American navy. The local office.of the Wells-Fargo express at San Antonio, Texas, suffered a, loss of $60,000 a few days ago at the hands of the driver of the delivery wagon, to whom the amount had been intrusted for delivery to firms. A leading Madrid paper publishes an interview with a Spanish minister, whose name is not given, which repre sents him as declaring that the advent of the conservatives to power is only delayed by Senor Sagasta's illness. Orders have "been issued for the dis patch of additional troops to Cuba to assist in the maintenance of good gov ernment' there. The orders are ad dressed to Maj. Gen. J. H. Wilson, commanding the first army corps at Macon, Ga. Senor Don Matias Romero, Mexican ambassador to the United States, died at the embassy in Washington Friday. He was operated upon last Wednesday for appendicitis and although the oper ation was entirely successful the am bassador never recovered from the shock. The California legislature commenced its biennial session yesterday at Sacra. mento. A United States senator tc succeed Stephen M. White will be elect ed by the legislature this year and as that body is overwhelmingly republi can a man from that party will be chosen. The transport Obdam has sailed from Savannah, Ga., with the First bat. talion of the Third Nebraska volun teers, bound for Havana, where Amerin can soldiers are wanted. The second and third battalions will leave soon on the Roumania, which is now undergo. in repairs. Grant C.Gillett, the departed Kansas cattle plunger, has written several letters to persons at Abilene and has in one lengthy communication given a story of his cattle deals, his profits and losses. He says: "I may get tired of Mexico and come home -soon." The letters are mailed on the railroad near the Mexican border. Among the measures coming before the North Dakota legislature during its session will be one providing for more stringent divorce laws. A large ele ment of the people are ashamed of the record gained by the state on account of the laxity of the present law on this subject, and are anxious to shut off. the excursions thither of matrimonial mis fits. The department of state has received from the United States minister at Constantminople information that the minister of foreign affairs of Turkey has informed him that the Turkish government had no intention to prevent American citizens, whether Jews or Christians, coming as individuals and not en masse from visiting Syria or Palestine as travelers or visitors. Count de Jotemps of Paris, France, has closed a contract for the purchase of about $5,000,000 worth of motor vehicles of Chicago manufacturers. The count is president of thbe American Motor general agency, with headquart ers at Paris and ofloes at every capital in Europe. The aim of this company, It is said, is to control the auropean agency for the sale of American mannu factured motor vehicles, Mrs. Cordelia Botkin, Friday night at San Francisco, was round guilty of murder in the first degree for causing the death of Mrs. John P. Dunning by sending a box of poisoned candy to her to Dover, Del. The condemned mur deress will be spared an igndminious death on the gallows, however, the jury that. found her guilty imposing also the penalty of life imprisonment. Funeral services over the remains of the late Senator Justin S. Morill of Vermont were held in the United States senate chamber Saturday. They were conducted with impressive dignity in the presence of a distinguished as semblage, including the president and vice-president, members of the cab inet, justices of the supreme court, sen ators and representatives in congress and other pfficials, as well as a con course of private citizens. Eastern brokers will consolidate paper manufactures of the country, which will involve about $40,000,000. The purpose of the consolidation is to eliminate competition, stop overproduc tion and make a condensation of lines of manufacture, so that the mill best adapted to make a certain grade of paper may restrict its attention to that especially, and thus, by utilizing all machinery and capital invested to ad vantage, get the best results. Rear Admiral Sampson is to retaiin command of the North Atlantic squad ron, Commodore J. W. Philip is to command the Brooklyn navy yard, Commodore H. F. Picking is to com mand the Boston navy yard, Captain Louis Kempf is to command the naval station at Guam and to be naval gov ernor of that island. Rear Admiral Schley and Rear Admiral H. L. How ison are to be assigned to sea duty. The assignments were announced by a high official of the navy department as having been determined by Secretary Long. GENERAL STATE NEWS. The Methodists of Big Timber will erect a new parsonage soon. Miss Sadie F. Malloy of IIllinois has been appointed assistant teacher at the Fort Shaw Indian school at $540 a year. The comptroller of the currency has appointed the Liberty National bank of New York as the reserve agent for the State National bank of .Miles City. L. C. Olmstead of Big Timber, repre senting a company, has just secured a franchise for furnishing Glendivd with electric light and will put in a plant right away. State Senator Hannah, who left Big Timber last May to join the Montana regiment and returned Saturday, was tendered a rousing. reception Saturday night by his home people. In a rear-end freight collision on the Great Northern near Fort Benton last Friday, Rev. Father De Manez, rector of the Catholic church of Lewistown, was so badly injured that he died soon afterwards. State Senator Hannah of Sweet Grass county, who left Montana as a member of the First regiment of Montana vol unteers, has returned to his home and was on hand at the assembling of the state legislature yesterday. The biennial report of the trustees of the state reform school at Miles City shows that the gross. expenses for 1897 were $20,118.79 and for 1898, $19, 541.27. The school has seventy-three inmates, sixty-one boys and . twelve girls. H. H. Nelson, a Ewell-known sheep man of Cascade county, has sued the Great Northern railroad for $4,576.67, for alleged damages claimed to have been sustained through the company's' management of thirteen carloads of sheep loaded in this state and destined for the Chicago market. The state furnishing board on Friday awarded the contract for the printing of the various state reports, etc., to the State Printing company. There was some delay in the awarding of the con tract, owing to the fact that allegatins had been made that there had been overcharges in the last contract. An unofficial estimate, made in ad vance of the formal and official reports that will be issued later, indicates that the value of the principal products of the state during 1898, including metals, live stock, coal, lumber and grain, will be in the neighborhood of $84,000,000, which is an enormous increase as com pared with a year ago. Maj. Henry Elling, the president of the Society of Montana Pioneers, is anxious that all pioneers send him their names, addresses, places of nativity and date of arrival within the confines of what is now Montana. Mr. Elling is anxious that a complete record of all the old timers may be compiled before the state society meets in Virginia City next summer. Judge smith, at Helena Saturday, denied the motion for a new trial in the case of the state vs. Joseph Allen, convicted of murder in the fst degree and sentenced to hang for killing J. S. Reynolds in Lewis and Clarke county last summer. J. M. Clements, Allen's attorney, will appeal to the supreme court. Failing to secure a new trial from that tribunal, it is expected he will appeal to the governor to commute the sentence to life imprisonment. Sheriff Regan of Silver Bow county has gone to Richmond, Va., with a re quisition for L. S. Hatobh, arrested in that city on the charge of having em bezzled money from the Mutual Life Insurance company, while agent for the company in Butte. The particular offense for which Mr. Hatch is wanted is the alleged embesslement of $790.60, which he collected on a check given the company about a year ago by Oolonel Kessler in payament of the first premium on a $25,000 life insurance policy.: - 1 Hon. J. H. COalderhead, commis sioner of the Montana bureau of aagri culture, labor and industry, has.proved 'himself the right man for the place. During the year he engaged Prof. Frank W. Traphangen to analyze some of the food prodnucts sold in the state. The result of these investigations appears in the forthcoming report of the commis seuner. Prof.. Traphagen finds that the sugar is well up to the standard, but coal oil, baking powder and oleomar garine should be improved. The ne cessity of legislation to secure a better grade of coal oil is clearly pointed out. The Methodists of the state will hold a three days' session Jan. 24, 25 and 26 in the Mountain View church of Butte. Extensive preparations are being made for a grand rally of the preachers, lay men and other members of the church. An extensive programme has been ar ranged, which will include reports from the several districts in the state. A large number of papers will be read by men and women who know much about the subjects asigned to them. j. H. Calderhead, commissioner of the state bureau of agriculture, labor and industry, is Working in connection with Donald Bradford, secretary of the state arid land commission, with a view to the encouragement of immigra tion to this state. The report of the bureau of agriculture, labor and indus try, which is now being printed, will contain a map of every county in the state, together with a brief description of the location, character of the soil, resources, climatic conditions, etc. This is a new and important feature of the report, and has been inserted with a view to the dissemination of informa tion sought for by persons in search of good agricultural land. The annual report of the state board of charities and reform-Rev. E. J. Groenveld of Butte and Mrs. M. S. Crimmins and Rev. W. W. Van Orsdel of Helena-for the present year, makes a number of pertinent recommendations for the different state institutions in the board's jurisdiction. The board has words of praise for the management of the penitentiary, insane asylum and soldiers' liome, all of the institutions visited by the board. Important rec ommendations in regard to the peni tentiary are that the parole system be adopted and that the state organize an employment bureau to furnish work fo. the discharged convicts while they are under the stigma resulting from their late incarceration. Sick Headaches, The curse of overworked womankind, are quickly and surely cured by Karl's Clever Root Tea, the great blood purifier and tissue builder. Money refunded if not satisfactory. Price 25 cts. and 50 cts. Sold by Chapple Drug Co. TO SUCCEED JUDGE BRANTLY. Governor Smith Names Wellington Nap ton, Son of a Famous Chief Justice. Governor Smith Saturday afternoon announced the appointment of Welling ton Napton of Deer Lodge to the posi tion of judge of the Third judicial dis trict, to succeed Theodore Brantly, who has been elected chief justice. The ap pointee is a young man in the thirties, and a brother of the late Thomas Nap ton. His father, Thomas Napton, was for many years chief justice of Mis souri. This appointment settles what has been an interesting matter since the people of Montana called Theodore Brantly up higher. There have been several candidates for the hono'r of suc ceeding Judge Brantly, among, them being Colonel O'Leary of Anaconda, W. H. Trippett of the same town, Judge Durfee of Philipsburg ani ,Mr. Rodgers, a brother of the United States district attorney. The governor also appointed D. A. Cory of Helena a member of the arid land commission to succeed the late Dr. Mitchell, for the term expiring April 3, 1899, and Dr. W. C. Riddell to be a member of the state medical board, snucceding himself, for the term expir ing November 3, 1905. You Try It. If Shiloh's Cough and Consumption Cure, which is sold for the small price of 25 cts., 50 cts. and $1.00, does not cure take the bottle back and we will refund your money. Sold for over fifty years on this guarantee. Price 25 cts. and 50 cts. Sold by Chapple Drug Co. SYSTEM EFFECTIVE. Prison Contractors See Good Results of Giving Convicts Short Diminutions. The state board of pardons has ap proved the action of Governor Smith in granting diminutions of sentence to John Davis, committed from Ravalli county Feb. 28, 1898, for one year for grand laroeny,,and to Nils J. Anderson, sent up from Carbon April 29, 1897, for two years for burglary. The board has received a letter from Conley & McTague, the prison con tractors, upon the beneficial results of granting shot diminutions of sentence in the cases of convicts worthy of the same. The contractors find the system effective iI keeping the conduct of the prisoners up to the proper standard. The contractors try to accept as trusties those prisqners whose conduct has been good, and as all are anxious to become trusties they are apt to be very careful. "When made trusties we find that the certainty of getting a little extra time off seems to eradicate from their eiiBd. any thought of escape," wrote the contractors. "That this is true you san readily see from the fact that we are so free from escape upon the part of prisoners employed outside the walls. " Many a Love .as turned with disgust trom an other rise lovable girl with-an e breath. Wrl's Clover Root T the reith by its action on th etc., s notldng else will. Sol r O1 olle guarantee. Prih and 0 ete2 8old,' Obapple] - Dyspepsia can be, cured by using Acker's Dyspepsia . Tablets. One little Tablet will give immediate relief or money refunded. Sold in bandsomne tin boxes at 25 cents. Sold by Chapple Drug Co. Experience is the best teacher. Uss Acker's English Remedy in any case of coughs, colds or croup. Should It fail tc give immediate relief money refunded 25 cents and 50 cents. Sold by Chapple Drug Co. GRU WELL & GASS LIVERY BARN Has Been Refurnished--and Supplied with the Best Single and Double Rigs hivery for the City Trade a Speeialty TH IDEBOARD ROBERT bI. NIX, Prop. Mixed Drinks, Fine Liquors and Cigars. A Quiet Place for Business Men and Courteous Treatment. Montana Avenue, Center of Main Block. William's Kidney Pills Has no equal in diseases of the Kidneys aLd Urinary Organs. Have you neglected your Kidneys? Have you overworked your nervous sys tem and caused trouble with your Kidneys and Bladder? Have you pains in thq loins, side, back, groins and bladder? Have you a flabby ap pearance of the face, epecially under the eyes? Too frequent de sire pass urine ? William's Kidney Pills wili impart new life to the dis eased organs, tone up the system and n. li; new man of you. By mail!r' .nts per box. W. , s sMr. Co., Props., Cleveland,O. For S ile by Chapple Drug Co. O--YEGEN YEGEN- YEGEN - YEGEN YEGEN--Q IIAR$ESSI IAR$ESS Yegen Bros' Sness Department E .are now making the best line of Light and Heavy Harness iii the state. Breeching Harness from $32.oo up to $75.00, cut from Hoffman's No. I Oak Stock. Call and see our line of Saddles, all hand.made from the very best of California stock, with any tree desired. Remember, we make ji st what you order and replace cheer 1h ly anything we guarantee. Courteous 7- tment to everybody and prices to ,. the times. Repairing neatly done P' short notice. Y EN BROS.I '*THE* BLUE GRASS BILLIARD HTLL F X. N. I. NRADEMIAKER, Prop. FINEST BRANDS OF Mlines,. hiquors and Cigars. THE EXCHANGE ...SALOON... SCARhY & CO., Proprietors. Liquors and Cigars, Billiards and Pool, Fine Club Rooms. Next to Yellowstone National Bank. VALE & POTTER, ...THE DAISY... Saloon and Sample Rooms The Best Goods in LIQUORS #9 CIGARS Billiard and Club Rooms Old Stand, Opposite Depot anyting you invent or improve; alsoget CA EAT TRADEMARK COPYRIGHTor DESIGN PROTECTION. Send model, sketch, orphoto. for free examination and advice. BOOK ON PATENTS fee beoro pae t. ".o.O.A.SNOW & CO0 Patent Lawyers. WASHINGTON, D.C.