DiO.d)h b UELING RIULES.
"MUCH 'USEFUL ADVICE" FROM AN
It the oCembatant Dies as a Result 0e
the imeodunter. He Is Told to Go OS
With a Goo'd Grace am Pousible.
SIriihiteu Not Good Seconds.
To Englishmen dueling is happiiy a
lost art, but three-quarters of a century
ago dueling was sufficiently in vogue to
induce an anonymous writer to publish
a book "containing much useful infor
mation, " ironically dedicated to Daniel
O'Connell, Esq., M. P., and James Silk
Buckingham, Esq.. M. P., as "enter
taining the opinion first promulgated
by the immortal Falstaff of happy
mentory that discretion is the better
part of valor. "
The author advises "all my country
men who go abroad to use the pistol in
stead of the sword when they have the
choice of the weapon, as the balance of
killed and wounded is now much in fa
vor of the French, who, upon the ter
mination of the'late war, amused them
selves by occasionally spitting some half
dozen of our traveling young fashion
ables before breakfast." He recom
mends "Purdey, in Oxford street, as
the maker of the best dueling pistol
looks, " care in the selection of a stock
which fits the hand comfortably and to
eschew "saw handles." Barrels should
be ten inches long and half rifled.
which, considering that throughout his
volume he poses as a man of the strict
est honor, is puzzling, for he admits
that a wholly rifled pistol is considered
an unfair weapon, therefore one not ap
pearing to be rifled should be substi
On "the chances" he writes: "Many
a poor, long armed, straggling fellow
has received the coup di (sic) cceur (or
fatal stroke) who might still have been
in existence had he known how to pro
tect his person in the field, " the neces
sary protection consisting in standing
sideways and drawing in the stomach.
"Should the party be hit" --presumably
because he could not draw in his stom
ach-"he must not feel alarmed. " This
seems difficult, as a man with a bullet
in his stomach can hardly be expected
not to display some little natural anxie
ty, for, as is admitted later. "a shot in
the digestive organs must be particu
larly annoying to a bon vivant. " To
aldermen his advice is "the old method
of fighting--the back to the adversary
and discharging over the shoulder."
"The chances of a man's being killed
are about 14 to 1, and of his being
hit about 6 to 1. " He arrives at
this conclusion by dividing a man's
body. when opposed to his adversary.
into nine parts. Therefore he says. "As
in only three of these a wound would
prove mortal, the chances are 3 to
1 against his being killed, and 5 to
I against his being hit-that is, how
ever. " he hastens to add, "provided his
antagonist has never read my work. If
he has, the case may be different !"
The combatant is told "not to allow
Jhe idea of becoming a target to make
him uneasy. but to treat the matter
jocosely." He is to laugh away the
evening over a bottle of port, and play
a rubber of whist, but he must avoid
drinking to excess, or taking "any food
that tends to create bile," because "bil
ions objects are not seen either distinct
ly or correctly." This would rather be
a valid reason for getting as bilious as
possible. A man with an attack of
jaundice should be invisible, and able
to blaze at his antagonist in perfect
safety. If he cannot sleep on retiring
to rest, he is to read Byron's "Childe
Harol4. " His servant is to call him at 5
and give him a strong cup of coffee.
Then he is to smoke a cigar, and "on
his way to the scene of action" he is to
take a brandy and soda, as a most
"grateful stimulant and corrective. "
No wonder our author recommends
him at this point to draw in his stom
ach. `'If he dies, he is to go off with as
good grace as possible!" On the other
hand, if he hits his antagonist, he is to
take off his hat to him and express re
A challenge is not to be in rhyme.
such as "a certain poetical, brandy lov
ing major general of marines" wrote
to a brother officer who ran off with his
Wounds on the flesh a surgeon's skill may
But wounded honor's only cured with steeL
An Irishman is not to be chosen as,
second. for nine out of ten have such an
innate love of fighting they cannot
bring an affair to an amicable adjust
ment, and the first duty of a second is
to prevent the affair coming to a seri
ous issue. Other advice 4s for the sec
ond to take care his principal is not in
convenienced by the sun, and to get his
antagonist with something dark behind
him, when it will be much more easy
to hit him.
As may be inferred, the author holds
by dueling, for "the man who falls
in a duel and the individual who is
killed by the overturn of a stagecoach
are both unfortunate victims to a prac
tice from which we derive great advan
tages. It would be absurd to prohibit
stage traveling because occasionally a
few lives are lost by an overturn, and
wuless men endeavored to destroy each
other they might live to a patriarchal
age and multiply so rapidly that the
soil would soon be insufficient to sup
ply them with nourishment." with
which reduotio ad absurdum the vol
ame may well be put back on the shelf
-Navy and Army Illustrated.
A RMmhe Messee 3w.5
O. th ce OseOi of a publio reception
at ~p r AstielaS, the school obhil
beI.tA th S . admr betng duly oom.
-- bp hi. eureui from (loan
a t the aty manner in
t1.. bed Wedesed the eational
asaeM that if
- the wheil
A VICTIM OF TELEPATHY.
His Abburd T1eluiston Finally Ban
lobed by the Hypnotie Route.
There came to me late one night a
stranger in wildest despair resolved to
commit suicide that night if I could
not help him, says Professor Munster
berg in The Atlantic. He had been a
physician. but had given up his prac
tice because his brother, on the other
side of the ocean, hated him and had
him under his telepathic influence.
troubling him from over the sea with
voices which mocked him and with im
pulses to foolish actions. He had not
slept nor had he eaten anything for
several days, and the only chance for
ife he saw was that a new hypnotic in
fluence might overpower the mystical
I soon found the source of his trou
ble. In treating himself for a wound he
had misused cocaine in an absurd way.
and the hallucinations of voices were
the chief symptom of his cocainism.
These products of his poisoned brain
had sometimes reference to his brother
in Europe, and thus $he telepathic sys
tem grew in him and permeated his
whole life. I hypnotized him, and sug
gested to him with success to have
sleep and food and a smaller dose of
cocaine. Then I hypnotized him daily
for six weeks After ten days he gave
up.cocaine entirely, after three weeks
the voices disappeared, and after that
the other symptoms faded away. It was
not, however, until the end that the
telepathic system was exploded.
Even when the voices had gone he
for awhile felt his movements controlled
over the ocean, and after six weeks,
when I had him quite well again, he
laughed over his telepathic absurdities,
but assured me that if these sensations
came again he should be unable, even in
full health. tb resist the mystical inter
pretation, so vividly had he felt the
The First Step Is Keeping the Mouth
Shut, Asleep or Awake.
"Proper breathing is so essential in
voice production that it must receive
first attention, and the first requirement
is to keep the mouth shut," writes
Katharine E. Junkermann in The Wo
man's Home Companion.
"Of course no tone can be -either
strong or pure if the lungs are cramped
so that the air cannot find room. In or
der to increase the size of the lung ca
pacity raise the chest and keep the body
well and strongly poised.
"So much harm has been done to
voices by allowing the mouth to become
the regular air passage that the need of
care cannot be too frequently empha
sized. Besides the injury done by the
unwarmed air entering the lungs the
mucous membrane is hardened by the
saliva being dried up, and the muscles
of the tongue and throat grow stiff and
less responsive. It is comparatively easy
to control one's breathing when awake,
but when asleep the harm goes on. To
remedy this involves a slight discom
fort, but one can endure it patiently
looking to the end. Cut court plaster in
to little strips about one-fourth of an
inch in width and paste several across
the lips, placing them up and down,
with the lips held naturally. If one is
tempted to give up rather than endure
the discomfort this method involves, a
walk through an ordinary day coach or
a night made hideous by the presence
of a snorer in a near berth will cause a
solemn vow to be taken never to do
The Magic of Rome.
The story of Rome is a tale of mur
der and sudden death, varied, chang
ing, never repeated in the same way:
there is blood on every threshold; a
tragedy lies buried in every church and
chapel, and again we ask in vain
wherein lies the magic of the city that
has fed on terror and grown old in
carnage, the charm that draws men to
her, the power that holds, the magic
that enthralls men soul and body, as
Lady Venus cast her spells upon Tann
hauser in her mountain of old. Yet
none deny it, and as centuries roll on
the poets, the men of letters, the musi
cians. the artists of all ages, have come
to her from far countries and have
dwelt here while they might, some for
long years, some for the few months
they could spare, and all of them have
left something, a verse, a line, a sketch.
a song that breathes the threefold mys
tery of love, eternity and death.
"Studies From the Chronicles of Rome."
by Marion Crawford.
The Spider's Mlastic Appetite.
The spider has a tremendous appetite.
and his gormandizing defies all human
competition. A scientist who carefully
noted a spider's consumption of food in
24 hours concluded that if the spider
were built proportionately to the human
scales he would eat at daybreak (ap
proximately) a small alligator, by 7 a.
in. a lamb, by 9 a. m. a young camelo
pard, by 1 o'clock a sheep and would
finish up with a lark pie in which there
were 120 birds. Yet, in spite of his
enormous appetite, a spider has wonder
ful power of refraining from food, and
one has been known to live for ten,
months when absolutely deprived of
food. A beetle lived in a similar state
of unrefreshment for three yeara.-St.
Mattie-Why, what a beautiful rlng
you have. dear T What did it cost you
Myra-My liberty. It's my enga
meat ring.-New Orleans Timis-Dem.
All the suitotrs for a g.'s has ia
Borao are expected to be gaeroes lis
their presents to her. These presstare
never retrned. Themefs the w1i
young lady defers as long as peamibs a
positive aeeetion of the happy ma
hem never was a porwtrit ad at
Mbar Alis. The bere eti e do stnes
f the here ti s ssimeal esptal Ionl
Jungle Pood and Jungle Poison.
Those who have traveled muinch
thrbugh the damp jungles of India.
such as the Terai. cannot have helped
noticing the large amount of fungoid
growth, both terrestrial and epiphytical.
that presents its.'Ii. much of which ih
edible, it requirees an intimate ac
quaintance with botany to determine
between the poisonous and uninimical.
What were not long since considered
semisavage races gn the northeast fron
tier are the best guides the ininitiated.
however, can employ to distinguish the
two classes. So close is the resemblance
that it would be dangerous for the ig
norant traveler to trust to his own un
aided discrimination. and if the services
of a human nomad are not available the
fungi should be submitted to the equally
cu fait judgment of a tame monkey-a
thing no traveler should be without.
The animal must be very closely
watched when sitting in judgment. es
pecial notice being taken of his counte
nance. If the specimen is poisonous.
there is a decided look of disgust ap
parent, as the creature throws it from
him. but if nonpoisonous it is torn into
fragments, first smelled and then tians
ferred to the mouth, in which case one
may rest perfectly satisfied that it is
edible. even though "jackoo" may not
eat it. In no case will our remote con
nections make a mistake, nor, for that
matter, will an elephant either. A spare
elephant or two is also a handy thing to
have among your luggage. -Indian
Tricks of a Pet Crane.
My friend has a pet Florida crane of
which he is very fond. The crane stands
at one side by the hour, just pluming
himself, then Plicking at shoe buttons
and finger rings. Occasionally he is in
dulged in a favorite pastime-that of
taking the hairpins out of his mistress'
hair. In nature he is as gentle and
affectionate as a kitten, and as he has
never been teased he has no enmity for
anything except a dog . One night he
was attacked by a strange dog, and
since then his hatred for any canine oth
er than the home dog is intense.
Dick has always been inordinately
fond of his master, whom he makes ev
ery effort to please. It is at his com
mand that he will dance, bowing and
twirling in the most graceful manner;
then circling with wings distended
around the yard and back again to bow
and courtesy as before.
Another very pleasing recognition of
his intelligence is the manner in which
he always welcomes his owner. He rec
ognizes his horse and carriage as far as
his eye can reach, and long before the
bird is in view his voice is heard trum
peting a greeting, which is continued
until the master reaches the gate, when
at the single command. "Louder. Dick I"
he throws his head back and gives forth
a long gurgling note. indicating joy
and pleasure. To no one else will he
give this welcome. It is unique and pe
culiar-for his owner alone.-Forest
Beaten at His Own Game.
"A few days since. " relates a solicit
or, "as I was sitting with my friend D.
in his office a man came in and said:
" 'Mr. W.. the livery stable keeper.
tricked me shamefully yesterday, andýl
want to be even with him.'
"'State your case,' said D.
" 'I asked him how much he'd charge
me for a horse to go to Richmond. He
said half a sovereign. I took the horse.
and when I came back he said he want
ed another half sovereign for coming
back, and made me pay it.'
"D. gave his client some legal ad
vice, which he immediately acted upon.
as follows: He went to the livery stablh
keeper and said, 'How much will yo,
charge for a horse to Windsor?'
"The man replied, 'A sovereign."
"Client accordingly went to Wind.
sor, came back by rail and went to the
livery stable keeper, saying:
" 'Here is your money.' paying him
" 'Where is my horse?' said W.
" 'He's at Windsor,'. answered the
client. 'I hired him only to go to Wind.
sor.' "-Pearson's Weekly.
"I regret to say. " remarks a writes
in the Boston Transcript. "that on the
Providence railroad Wrentham has late
ly become 'Wren-tham' (a as in Sam;
iin the mouths of several brakemen.
First we had Wal-tham, similarl3
twanged in the second syllable, and ]
fear that ultimately we have to submil
to Ded-ham in the place of Deddum,
Thus do English names suffer in the
mouths of those who are quite ignoranl
of their history. Not merely because ii
is English. but because it is logical and
historical, and because the word "ham'
has its meaning. Waltham should bi
Waltum and Wrentham Wrentum. A
retuin to the colonial pronunciatior
to this extent would, of course, be to(
much to ask, but still for a little space,
0 arbiters of the railway, spare us thai
sharp a in the 'tham ' "
Soatp Mixed In the DOuah.
Epicures may be interested to kno,
that continental bakers are in the habil
of mixing soap with their dough to mak.
their bread and pastry nice and light.
The quantity of soap varies. In fanoc
articles. like waflies and fritters, it ii
much larger than in bread. The soap ii
dissolved in water, oil is added, and thi
mixture, after being well whipped. ii
added to the lour.
Not Very Comforetlag.
Stayleight-Tommy. do you thin)
or sister is fond of met
Tommy-I don't know. She gave mi
a q warae to mt the clok half ase ben
No man abouald m a ytiU he
lmusm t o- a okel lik h
wam. .am aMr sases t lu
ýlwee Mme sea tW 4s thed
ansem nsese o h
A SONG OF FORGETTING.
The hours as playthings were--.h, met
And laughter lived in every word.
What time that love was young and glee
In every pulsing heart throb stirred.
The wild plum blossomed in the glen,
The rabbit raced across the plain,
And frightened.birdlings flurried when
Our hounds and horses tramped the grain.
Down in the grove beside the spring
We rested when the race was won,
And listened to the wood bird sing
A lullaby when day was dlone.
But, ah, you wandered from my side
And paved the long lone lane of years
With memory stones and loss too wide
For sobs to soothe with memory tears.
And now you come-come back to me
To fill, as then, the old time place
Where is the magic of your plea?
What change has come upon your face?
Oh, friend, to lose and still love on,
To live on chaff instead of grain
Is better than to feel love gone
Forgetting is the keenest paip.
CHARLES STEWART PARNELL
How the Great Irish Leader Came to
Charles Stewart Parnell was 28 years
old before he made his entry into the
political arena. How the step was taken
is thus described by Mr. R. Barry
O'Brien in his biography of the great
"One night during the general elec
tion of 1874 Parnell dined with his sis
ter. Mrs. Dickinson, in Dublin. After
dinner Captain Dickinson said: 'Well.
Charles, why don't you go into parlia
ment? Why don't you stand for your
native county ?'
"To the surprise of every one at the
table. Parnell said quickly: 'I will.
Whom ought I to see?'
" 'Oh.' said Dickinson, 'we will see
about that tomorrow. The great thing
is you have decided to stand.'
" 'I will see about it at once,' said
ParnelL 'I have made up my mind, and
I won't wait. Whom ought I to see ?'
" 'I think Gray of The Freeman' s
Journal.' said John, who was also pres
" 'Very well.' said Parnell. rising
from the table. 'I shall go to him at
once. Do you come with me. John'
"The two brothers then went away to
gether. It was now 11 o'clock, and they
found Gray at The Freeman's office.
He was amazed when Parnell entered
and said. 'I have come to say. Mr.
Gray. that I mean to stand for Wick
low as a Home Ruler.' "
It was only the year after that, on the
death of John Mitchel. Parnell was re
turned for Meath. At first it is plain
that Parnell had few if any followers.
The ability of the representative from
Meath was questioned. Butt was then
the controlling power. It was only in
1880 that Parnell became the leader.
The chronicles of 1456 speak of 150
vessels in its basins and of German mer
chants carrying away over 2,000 pieces
of cloth to the distant lands of Russia
and Poland. It was the exchange of Eu
rope, possessing in the fourteenth cein
tnury 52 guilds and 150,000 inhabitants,
more than three times as many as it
now contains. Among its wares we read
of leather from Spain, wool from Eug
land, silk from Italy and Persia, linen
and cloth from Brabant, hemp and flax
from Holland, wine from Portugal,
Greece and France and hardware from
Germany, which included every variety
of object in ivory, bone, wood, glass,
tin, copper, lead, iron, silver and gold.
It hpd its factories, its curriers, its dy
ers, and its taxation considerably ex
ceeded that of Ghent. But at the com
mencement of the fourteenth century its
troubles began-troubles from within
and from without.
The Snene was rendered useless by
the invasion of sand as far as Sluis
(Ecluse), treachery, slaughter and po
litical jealousies and rivalries completed
the fall, and in 1544 its inhabitants had
diminished to 7,696. Then came the re
ligious wars and persecutions from 1567
to 1584, the fanatics and the Gueux de
stroying what remained, leaving little
for the French revolutionists. -Good
The Swiss Parliament,
Switzerland differs from other coun
tries in many things, and one of the
most remarkable is the way in which
its parliamentary debates are conduct
ed. A Swiss member of parliament can
express himself in Frenoh, German or
Italian, and the privilege is freely used.
When the president of the federal as
sembly speaks in German,.his remarks
are translated by a secretary in close
proximity to him. All the laws and
resolutions, before being voted upon,
are drawn up in French, German and
Italian, and every official report is pub
lished in these three languages.-Bir
Making It Clear.
Somebody has discovered that a Ber
muda onion eaten raw will clear the
head. A Bermuda onion eaten raw will
do more than that. It will clear an en
tire room. An active Bermuda onion is
a complete clearing house all by itself.
Take one Bermuda onion-only one
and let the lips of beauty olose upon it,
and love will turn to hatred and honey
to gall and bitterness.
Olehr the head? Why, a Bermuda on
ion in fairly good health will clear the
bead of navigation I-Eaobange.
The Germans have Introduced What
amounts to slave labor In their east
African colonies. Each native village
must furnish a certain number of in
habitants to labor for the imperial gov
ernment. on platatice or elsewhere,
A man who Ia overuerewd ia Ih
bhalasse relatione is pretty eas to lexa
is the comm sed timethat the werln a
Mir"w M mmla --# to ,r tself agmis
amebarr~n Y~ h
iD tllwi trdN 1 M
Ctres every form of
Impure blood, from'
The pimple on your
Face to the great
Scrofula sore which
Drains your system.
Thousands of people
Testify that Hood's
Scrofula, Salt Rheum,
And That Tired
Feeling. Remember this
And get Hood's
And only Hood's.
Getting at It.
Attorney-Now, madam, will yolfbe
kind enough to give us your age?
The Witness (flippantly)-Oh I Iwas
bourn before the war.
Attorney (crushingly)-Yes, madam;
Spanish or civil?-Philadelphia North
A dthtist's case of instruments now
adays contains between 800 and 400 in
The Chinese preserve eggs by coating
them with mud.
Tell Your Sister
A beautiful complexion is an impossibili
ty without good pure blood, the sort
that only exists in connection with good
digestion, a healthy liver and bowels.
Karl's Clover Root Tea acts directly on
the bowels, liver and' kidneys keeping
them in perfect health. Price 25 ets.
and 50 cts. Sold by Chapple Dtug Co.
South or East, Which ?
When a trip is contemplated it is al
ways well to prepare in advance in order
to avoid little inconveniences which are
often annoying. The two fast trains
leaving Minneapolis and St. Paul daily
via Wisconsin Central lines for Milwau
kee and Chicago make close connections
with trains east and south. Being ele
gantly equipped with sleeping cars, par
lor cars and day coaches,they are fully ap
preciated by the traveling public. Your
nearest ticket agent will give you com
plete information and furnish you folder
of the Wisconsin Central lines.
Jas. C. Pond, General Passenger
Agent, Milwaukee, Wis
Do You Know
lonsumption is preventable? Science
as proven that, and also that neglect is
uioidal. The worst cold or cough can
*e cured with Shiloh's Cough and Con
umption Cure. Sold on positive guar
ntee for over fifty years. Sold by
"happle Drug Co.
Honesty Is the Best Policy.
Honest goods, honest prices and
onest dealings will surely bring suc
ess. Every hour proves it. The last
ays of the nineteenth century show
othing more clearly.' We believe this
act and our works demonstrate our be
ief. Our goods are warranted to be
xactly as reiresented, that is honest;
nr goods are guaranteed to give per
ect satisfadtion, that is honest. If any
rticle of jewelry of our manufacture
oes not give perfect satisfaction we
vill refund the money paid for such
rticles; that, too, is honest.
James Wheeler of Billings, Mont.,
as a complete assortment of our goods
a his store for sale at- prices that defy
ompetition. These goods are made
rom rolled gold, gold filled or solid
old stock, and are warranted to give
erfect satisfaction or the money will
If this notice'should reach anyone
liing too far away from Mr. Wheeler's
tore, or any other customer of ours to
ermit their purchasing the goods of
or customers, we will sell the goods
t retail to such persons, under the
rarranty, and deliver by mail. We
ill also send printed instructions as to
he care of the jewelry, how to.clean
t, etc., onrapplication.
W. F. MAIN CO.,
'astern Factory corner Friend1ship and
Eddy streets, Providence, R. I.
Vestern Factory (largest in the world)
under process of construction at
East Iowa City, Ia. Over 52.000
feet of floor space. 8-2f4
The truth plainly told If they only fought with WEALTH
rasors in the war many a
is all the advertising colored gentleman would cannot buy you happi-.
have made an undying
worthy goods;'require. reputation as a great nes, but one of or
leder. So we lead with
DOUGLASS SHOES our assortment of new $10.00 Overcoats will
and stylish goods in all bring you comfort.
ZIMMERMAN & CO. ZIMMERMAN & CO. ZIMMERMAN & CO.
" "IMI !am IMA
00 ~ ~ ~ Sw a~w~ YM XVUKU 0 YUERW00?VuERI
Acker's English Remedy will stop a
oough at any $ime, and will cure the
worst cold in twelve hours, or money re
funded; 25 cents and 50 cents. Sold by
Qhapple Drug Co.
=as.I. M4 vaNUTr P. H. SMITH, Prop
W. 3. GeoPge
Represents a Large List of Fire I ue r -
d&w Office in Belknap Blocu
F. . I. RADEMAI(ER, Prop.
FINEST BRANDS OF
MIlines, Iiquors and Cigars.
ROBERT Is. NIX, Prop.
A Quiet Place for Business Men
and Courteous Treatment.
Montana Avenue, Center of Main Block
VALE & POTTER,
Saloon and Sample Rooms
The Best Goods in
LIQUORS #P CIGARS
Billiard and Club Rooms
Old Stand, Opposite Depot
First Publication Jan. 27, 1899.-4
NOTICE TO CREDITORS.
Estate of P. A. Carlson, deceased.
Notice is hereby given by the under
signed administrator of the estate of
P. A. Carlson, deceased, to the creditors
of and all persons having claims against
the said deceased, to exhibit them, with
the necessary vouchere, within four
mohths after the first publication of
this notice, to the said administrator
at Billings, in the county of Yellow
stone; state of'Montana.
Dated at Billings, Mont., Jan. 27,
1899. CHARLES SPEAR,
Administrator of the Estate of P. A.
WTANTED - SEVERAL TRUSTWORTHY
persons in this state to manage our busi
ness in their own and nearby counties. It is
minly office work condnoucted at home. Salary
straight 9800 a year and expenses--definite. bone
fde, no more, no less salary. Monthly 5. Befer
enoes. Enclose self-addressed stamped envelope.
HerbertE. Hess, Prest., Dept. M. Chicago. 1e-7-8
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