The Billings Gazette.
E. H. BEOKER, Prop.
E. L. BOARDMAN, Editor and Manager.
Entered at the Billings Postofice as Seoond
One year, in advance..............$3.00
So months..................... 1.50
Single copies..................... .05
FRIDAY, MARCH 81, 1899.
THE DEMOCRATIC ROW.
The real fight for the democratic
nomination for the presidency will bi
started in New York next month. Col
onel Bryan, having refused to attenc
the Jeffersonian $10-a-plate banquet of
the 'ammany braves, the friends of the
boy orator will give a rival banquet at
the same time, a $1 affair of the Chi.
cago-platform variety. An Associated
Press dispatch says Jefferson's birthday
will mark the parting of the way for
the New York democracy and concludes
with this paragraph:
The promoters of the dollar banquet
were as frank as ever in their declara
tions that it would mark the real be
ginning of a systematic and organized
effort to elect Bryan delegates, or at
least a contesting delegation, which
would prevent the seating of Richard
Croker and his followers in the na
tional convention of 1900.
Leading democrats all over the coun
try are taking sides in this banquet con
troversy. Ex-Congressman Outhwaite
of Ohio says "it is ridiculous for Mr.
Bryan to read democrats out of the
party," and also that "the controversy
is likely to result in a strong organiza
tion of democrats who oppose Bryanism
and contest the right to use the name
and to be considered the democratic
party." J. Sterling Morton of Ne
braska declares that Byran "represents
the discontent in all parties" and advo
cates the organization of a new party,
with ex-Senator Edmunds of Vermont,
a life-long republican, as the presi
dential nominee. And so it goes. The
gold democrats are stirred as they have
never been stirred before. Led by the
powerful Tammany organization, they
will endeavor to wrest from Bryan the
democratic leadership. They have over
a year in which to prepare their plans.
In '96 they made the mistake of under
estimating the free silver sentiment
and were not prepared to resist it at
Chicago. Next year they will overes
timate the strength of this exploded
theory and Bryanism will be but a
But, after all, this democratic row
outs very little ice except to depose a
few demagogues. It makes no differ
ence who the democrats nominate next
year as far as results are concerned.
The republican party, since the demo
crats were deposed, has lifted the coun
try from the slough of despondency to
its highest plane of prosperity. There
is every indication that the prosperity
will continue for several years at least.
The people are satisfied and want no
change. President McKinley, during
as trying a period as that of the rebel
lion, has gained the complete confi
dence of the masses and will succeed
himself. Thie democrat who secures
the presidential nomination next year
will be unfortunate, and from this
standpoint, perhaps, it had better be
Colonel Bryan than some better man;
he has gained notoriety and a fortune
through duplicity and can afford to
meet with reverses.
PROTECTION VS. FREE TRADE.
The United States is now the largest
exporter in the world. Despite the as
sertion that a protective tariff would
injure our markets abroad, our expor
-tations have gone steadily on, gaining
upon those of free-trade Great Britain
until we have outstripped her in the
race. The exports from the United
'States in 1889 were, for the first time
,in history, greater than the exports
from Great Britain, while the growth
-of our exports since the adoption of the
,protective tariff has been far greater
-than that of the mother country. An
examination of the record of the past
thirty years-for it would be unfair to
include the period of 1861 to 1868,
which was so much affected by the
civil war-would show that our own
exports have more than quadrupled,
while those of Great Britain have in
creased but about 40 per cent. Our
exports of domestic manufactures in
1868 amounted to $269,389,200, and
in 1898 to $1,210,991,918. Those of
the.-United Kingdom were in 1868,
-Y19'6 6l7,0f, and in 1898 . £28,390,
792. Th~t wei should have doubled our
axports more than twice during thirty
years of practically all protection,
while Great Bzitain increased here less
th .bif during thirty years of free
tde, ought to forever silence those
he.ave been asserting that protection
fiaeriou to the foreign commerce of
i P aepting it.
$700,000 PER DAY.
The predictions that the Dingley
tariff would produce sufficient revenue
while it proteoted manufactures are
fully justified by the recent record of
that act. The average daily receipts
from customs during the month of
March have been seven hundred thou
sand dollars per day, an astonishing
sum when compared with the receipts
of the last six years under three tariff
laws. The average annual expenditure
during the five years preceding the be
ginning of the war with Spain was one
million dollars per day. The general
plans of the framers of the revenue leg
islation have been to make the cus
toms law pay one-half of the running
expenses, and this was all that was ex
pected of the Dingley act. This plan
would require from it onlf $500,000
per day, while as above indicated it
has produced during March an average
of about $700,000 per day in customs
receipts alone. While about 10 per
cent of this is from the duty on tea,
which was levied as a war measure and
was not a part of the Dimgley law, all
the remainder is the normal produc
tion of that law and shows that the
prophecy of its framers, that it would,
with the internal revenue law then
upon the statute books supply ample
revenues for the ordinary expenses of
the government, was fully justified.
The money in circulation in the
United States on March 1, 1899, was
$1,928,842,612. On ,July 1, 1896, just
before the nomination of Mr. Bryan, it
was $1,514,903,142. This shows an
increase of $412,939,470 in the thirty
two months since that remarkable an
nouncement of the democrats at Chi
cago that the money of the country
could not increase except by free and
unlimited coinage of silver. That the
money of the country should have in
creased more than 27 per cent in thirty
two months, in the face of the refusal
of the country to accept the financial
"expansion" theory of Mr. Bryan and
his followers, seems to put them in bad
shape for resuming their arguments on
this line in 1900.
The few democrats and populists who
still have the assurance to insist that
they see no evidence of improved busi
ness conditions would do well to note
that Bradstreets'-a journal widely
quoted by all silverites in 1896-states
that during the single week ending
March 18, 1899, the wages of some
thing over 25,000 workingmen-factory
hands, railroad hands, cotton operat
ives, iron workers, etc.-were volun
tarily advanced from 5 to 11 per cent.
In the preceding week the record was
about the same.
The farmers continue to be the chief
beneficiaries in our wonderful export
trade. More than five hundred mil
lion dollars' worth of their products
were exported in the seven months end
ing with January, thus putting into
their hands and pockets more money
contributed by foreign consumers than
in the corresponding months . in any
year in our history.
Here is a little table which every re
publican should paste in his hat and
show to those who assert that protec
tion is disadvantageous to foreign com
merce. Observe the increase in United
States trade; then note that of Britain:
Exports from protec
tlive United States.. $269,389,200 $1,210,291,918
Exports from free
trade United King
dom ....... ....... 179,677,012 £233,390,792
A STUDY ON GREECE.
The Literary Department of Womans'
Club Holds an Interesting Meeting.
The literary department of the
Woman's club met with Mrs. H. M.
Brayton Tuesday afternoon. There
was a good attendance and the meeting
was very interesting. The lesson in
cluded the following topics: "Early
Law Givers of Greece," " Grecian War
with Persia," "Supremacy of Athens,"
and "The Peloponnesian War." Miss
Hayden read a paper on "Solon," Miss
Panton a paper on "Battle of Mara
thon," Mrs. Clament gave an interest
ing biography of Xerxes, Mrs. Herford
read a sketch of the "Battle of Sa
lamis," and Mrs. Donovan read a full
account of Pericles and his work. Mrs.
Dr. Clark, in telling of the Pelopon
nesian war, spoke of Demosthenes and
Alcibiades as being two of the noted
men during that time. After a thorough
discussion of the lesson, the ladies ad
journed to meet next Tuesday after
noon at the home of Mrs. Rixon.
The legislature having failed to pass
the bill appropriating money for the
purchase of the Allen collection of In
dian relics for the state historical so
ciety, the librarian of the society has
issued an appeal to the pioneers of the
state to contribute toward a fund to be
used for the purpose of buying the col
lection. Those desiring to help out the
society are requested to send their sub
scriptions to the librarian, Mrs. Laura
E. Howey, Helena.
Fergus county has a grand jury in
session, the principal matter under in
vestigation being the murder of Moody
at Lewistowr some time ago.
NE WAR SECRETARY
9 Assistant Secretary Meikeljohn
if Acting, as Such During
A BANNER MONTH
1 March Will Be Such in Amount of
Custom Duties Received-Bryan
Alpecial Correspondence of The Gazette.
Washington, March 27.-During Sec
retary Alger's absence in Cuba, where
he has gone partly to inspect the mili
tary posts and partly for recreation, As
sistant Secretary Meikeljohn will be
acting secretary of war. The depart
ment had no important news from
General Otis last week, but unless the
Filipinos respond promptly to the proc
lamation of the Philippine commis
sion, calling upon them to lay down
their arms, there will be important
news from him in a few days, as it is
known that he has everything ready to
make an attack upon the headquarters
A committee of citizens called on
Secretary Long to request that Admiral
Dewey be ordered home in time to par
ticipate in the big peace jubilee to be
held in Washington the latter part of
May. Secretary Long told them he
would submit their request to President
McKinley when he returned to Wash
ington, but intimated that, owing to
Dewey's being a member of the Philip
pine commission, he would be unable
to leave his post in time.
March promises to be the banner
month in the amount of customs duties
received under the Dingley tariff, pres
epjt estimates being that the receipts
will exceed $21,000,000 for the month.
Nothing could more certainly indicate
the prosperity of the country, as the
present high duties make imported
goods luxuries, and only prosperous
people buy luxuries.
Chairman Proctor of the civil service
commission is doubtless sorry that he
tried to tackle General Grosvenor in a
civil service discussion. He could have
enjoyed the answer General Grosvenor
made to his charge that abuses said to
have existed in the bureau of engraving
and printing were all committed by
those appointed outside of civil service
rules. General Grosvenor said: "This
is the only point made in the gentle
man's deliverance, and my answer to it
is very simple: it would suggest itself
to anybody with capacity enough to
stand a non-competitive examination
for the position of law clerk in lumber
yard. Here is a system of administra
tion which went into effect in the
bureau of engraving and printing cer
tainly long before the beginning of this
administration-the exact date I cannot
give-and long enough to have become
assimilated to the provisions of this
wonderful system of purification and
merit, and yet at this late date the
chairman of the civil service commis
sicn comes before the public and admits
the allegation- of wrong doing and
outrage existing in the bureau, and ad
mits that he knows the men by name,
can identify them absolutely, and cor
rect them with the irregularities proven
in the irzvestigation, and yet they are
there; they are in the bureau, and the
chief is there, and Mr. Proctor is at the
head of the civil service commission.
Now, there need be nothing else said.
There is the very proof of the utter
valuelessness of this whole system.
In order to get rid of these men there
must be a lawsuit begun and finally
tried upon charges preferred, and a
copy to be furnished, and a judgment
of ouster rendered upon full proof re
solving all doubts in favor of the ac
cused and compelling the government
to prove its charges beyond a reasonable
doubt. In order to avoid the impossi
bility of this administration these men
are continued in office, and so it makes
no difference to the force of my argu
ment where they came from. The
crime is not in their coming; it is in
their staying. The fault of the organi
zation of the bureau of civil service
was not in its coming; it is in its stay
It is the opinion of shrewd political
observers that the correspondence be
tween Mr. Bryan and Mr. Belmont,
president of Croker's democratic club,
in which Mr. Bryan read Mr. Belmont
and all other democrats who bolted in
'96 and have failed to publicly an
nounce since then that they will sup
port the Chicago platform, if it be re
adopted next year, out of the demo
cratic party, will result in accentuating
the line between the dollar democrats
and the ten dollar democrats, as the sil
ver and gold democrats are now called,
and in increasing the certainty of re
publican success. A prominent New
York democart said of Mr. Bryan's
letter: "It is perhaps a play to the
galleries-an old Bryan trick-a bid
for the continued support of the south
and west by this act of voluntary an
tagonism to the east. It seems to me
a clumsy performance and how it will
make the Nebraska man friends any
where it hard to understand. He could
have sent a courteous declination with- I
out any insulting allusion; nobody but
the most fanatical will commend his
Brigadier General Corbin, who, as
adjutant general of the army, was on
duty eighteen hohrs a day during the
war and who has been on duty con
stantly, exoept one day, since; gives
the following as his reasons for not ao
oepting the omnmiaseon of major-gen- 1
ai of volunteers, wih was tendered
him last summer by the president:
"The number of major generals was
limited, and we needed every one of
them in the field. I could not stand in
the way of any man who was ih the
fighting line. I wanted them to have
their promotions first. "
At the Grand.
Tuesday, March 28.-R. W. Griffin,
Denver: Max Bendix, New York; Miss
Jenny Osborn, R. J. Collins and wife,
Chicago; T. S. Van Alla, Minneapolis;
H. Moser, Bozeman; S. E. Bowler,
Grass Range; A. G. Hooley, Grand
Forks; J. M. Rapelje, Glendive; M.
H. Murphy, J. J. Oliver, St. Paul; E.
C. Steele, W. D. Jameson. J. H. Grady,
Chicago; H. C. Eggleston. A. Des
jardins, St. Louis; R. F. Bacon, Dead
wood: J. H. McNeeley, Evansville; F.
M. Jacoby, Butte; Sydney Fox, Big
Timber; F. Henry, Livingston: W.
Dean Hays, Geo. W. Pierson, J. M.
Fox, Red Lodge; J. Dunn, Chicago;
C. Emmerich, Glendive; Henry Green
hood, Helena; J. R. Haynie, Crow
Agency; M. L. O'Brien, Glendive.
Wednesday, March 29.-C. J. Cart
wright, New York; E. Gilletly, Sheri
dan; T. P. Cullen, Glendive; L. A.
Nutting and wife, Laurel; N. R. Wes
sel, Helena; T. McGirl, BHuntley; W.
E. Russell, Carbon; C. Cohn and wife,
New York; C. S. Haire, Helena; A.
Mueller, St. Paul; W. C. Cres, Den
ver; J. W. Dodds, Helena; J. A.
Wearer, T. R. Carson, Cliff Lindsey,
A. O. Taylor, Minneapolis; H. L.
Miller, Glendive; Jas. R. Haynie, St.
Thursday, March 30.-E. M. Bran
wich, Povetove; F. H. Hathhorn, city;
F. Wannamaker, Washington, D. C.;
A. E. Anderson, Glendive; A. G.
Hooley, Grand Forks; Elisabette
Schneider, Lewistown; E. Niles, San
Francisco; D. B. Mudgett, St. Joe; J.
R. Burhau, O. F. Robinson, Kansas
City; F. W. Smith, Wibaux; T. Ring
walt, Gebo; M. Conhbain, Jr., St. Joe;
J. M. Fox, Red Lodge; J. S. Day, G.
P. Fleming, Glendive.
' Notice of Nominations.
Peter H. Smith.
Joseph H. Rinehart.
For City Treasurer
H. V. Bailey.
Hugh S. Evans.
For Police Judge
John D. Matheson.
Frank L. Mann.
Henry A. Frith.
For Alderman of First Ward
Geo. F. Bennighof.
For Alderman of Second Ward
H. F. Clement.
George W. Robbins.
For Alderman of Third Ward
Uri E. Frizelle.
For Aldermen of Fourth Ward
J. W. Appleman.
F. R. St. John.
E. W. Szitnick.
City of Billings,
County of Yellowstone, se.
State of Montana,
I do hereby certify that the above
and foregoing is a full and comrlete
list of all the nominations of officers,
to be voted for at the city election to be
held in said city of Billings, on Mon
day, April 3, 1899, which have been
filed in my office up to the publication
Dated at Billings, Friday, March 31,
8:30 p. m. J. B. Herford,
City Attorney and Ex-Officio Clerk of
the City of Billings.
Billings Opera louse
ONE RED LETTER NIOHT
SATURDhY, APRIL 1.
The Romantic Actor,
piy. John Griffith
(OF "FAUST" FAME)
In the Great Historical Play,
and Carefully Selected Company.
4' T1e Record-gBeaker
in east years....
" 'jle Leader Again
You estimate value by comparison
alays. We invite you to careful
ly examine our Crescent Models,
and compare them with any other
high grade wheels on the market.
1899 CATALOGUE FREE.
GEO. SOULE, AGENT.
Attention . Line of
given to Perfumes,
Physicians' '... CSoaps,
Prescriptions 1 .." Brushes
Day and Night .-. " ý of all kinds.
LIEBERG, HOLMES & CALHOUN
UILDERS SHOULD CONSULT THEIR OWN IN
j TEREST AND B3UY *
*. E E I I V I" EI .
1w. fJ. Y(OUNAN i
Close Cutter on Every Class of Building Material.
Location-N. P. Right-of-Way, South Side, Billings, Montana. I
*I ýlFtlall++*eawlclt#liloInneannousfalý++cI O t
A. L. Babcock Hardware CGo
Savage, Winchester, Marlin Rifles,
Colts and Smith & Wesson Revolvers,
Ammunition and Sporting Goods
STATE AGENTS FOR THE CELEBRATED
CYCLONE CAMERAS AND PHOTO SUPPLIES.
1899 MODEL BICYCLES
Yellowstone Valley Mills CONNECTIOI
IN OUR NEW STORE
THE FINEST IN EASTERN MONTRNR.
PAULt IIcCORJICG1 CO.
Wholesale and Retail Groeers
and Dealers in General levrehandise.
Come and See Us in the New Wardwell Block,
liiCrystal Springs Hard Coal Constantly on Hand'W3
Donooon 4 Spear
Wish to announce to the good people of
Billings and surrounding country
that we are headquarters for
SGroceries, Queensware, Harness,
Studebaker Wagons and Buggies, 4
Barb Wire, Nails, Lawn Mowers
--AND A FULL LINE OF
Yours to please,
SRocky Fork Coal~" Donooan s pea n
+t pay and Grain. 9 .
r "To VESTiBtULED TRAINS-DINING CARS.
MINNEAPOLIS TIME CARD-BILLINGS.
AND POINTS T-* I ARRIVE IDPART
EAST &SOUTHH No.Z2.tAA.atiol.... I 8.Oa.m. 1 810-a.m.
I. No..1,a .o Ua. . . .... ...I 0p.m . I :10p. m.
BUTTE GOa PERMIT AT TICKET OIrror roB FameaT.
SPOKANE DAILY EXCEPT SUNDAY
SEATTLE RBed Lodge Aoom....... 7:10lp.m. 1.0 am.
TACOMA Bridger Carbon Accom 806 p.m. 6:00 a. m.
OALIPORNIA all in i the nd
ALASKA ,,_ . ., .aIoo(mo the N. UP.]s:.
KLONDIKE C". Bnkb everhez.
H. NK oiit7C. F A.... PullmF irt-ClmauTouristSleepi.'Cara,
--LIee EON?. 3?. Paws, . :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
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