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SILO BUILDING. How to Mount the Frname and Set Up n Stn'e Silo. In the course of a s(ries of articles on silos and ensilage in the Ohio Farm er John Gould gives concise and ('clear directions for building the now popular round silo. He says: In setting up a stave silo it is neces sary to make a staging, so that it will nearly conform to the cylindrical form of the silo. To do this it is best to set four posts solid in the ground close to the outside of the silo and mount on this a frame, as shown in Fig. 1 of the first cut. This can be readily miade of 16 feet boards, with the corner boards. as shown. Make the inside measure of this frame just as large as the outside di ameter of the silo will be, so that it A PRAME-WIRE FENCE HOOPS. will touch the frame at eight points. Start by tacking a stave to the frame, then add staves, toe nailing them on to the other at top and bottom with one nail at each end of the stave, and so on round. The platform should be at least 12 feet from the ground and staid so that it cannot twist or sway. The hoops can then be put on, and as they are tightened are pounded into place and trued up so that the inside surface shall be as true as possible. For hoops some think the seven-eighth of an inch rod with burrs at both ends, using a 4 by 4 inch scantling long enough for two hoops, makes the best tightener on a silo. Some think the fiat hoop the best. The later idea is the 52 inch wide Page fence, four bands to a silo, for hoops, as described above. The method of drawing these bands together is shown in Fig. 2, the wire being snugly wrapped about two 4 by 4 inch oak scantlings 56 inches long, so as to come (when put about the silo) within about ten inches of each other, and are then brought together with two stout bolts, with double burrs. Incidentally these bands are placed about 17 inches from each other so as to have a man hole between each, as illustrated in Fig. 1 of the second cut. When the silo is complete, a machine 16 inches square is marked out, and cleats are nailed on to hold the staves firmly together. The "hole" is then sawed out so as to have a 1% inch bevel, as seen in dotted line, and is put back into its place, and makes a perfect airtight door, only needing a little curtain of tarred paper 1 ced over it on the inside when the siro is filled. Fig. 2 shows a round hooped silo set up against the end of a barn, with a sort of connecting link with the barn, shown at A, which helps to hold it solid, affords a partial protection and fills up two corners. The balance of the silo is not covered, the hoops being l L_ 7 MANBOLE-SILO SET AGAINST A BARN exposed. The question of silage becom ing frozen is not much more discussed, as it is found that the freezing is only slight in the Iftost intense zero weather, and if soon fed out does not seem to be injured to any noticeable extent. The carrier to this silo fills into the top at B. When to Sow Bcokwheat. The old rule of delay the sowing of buckwheat until the 4th of July is hardly a safe one to follow in northern tates, where frost often nips this ten lerest of all vegetables before its grain is perfected. There is, of course, dan ger from too early sowing of this grain, exposing it to the severe heats which _ometimes prove as destructive as -oete, blasting the blossoms so that .hey do not set with grain. But if the ueokwheat can be sown during the last lays of June there is little danger that t will be blasted by the heat, and the ass from untimely frosts, which is the ivil that is most to be feared, will be voided. This is the advice of The Lmwican Cultivator. CORN CULTURE. An Iowa Farmer Tells of Wlays Whleh He Fin,5e Advisable. I have found the following method of caring for corn where it is checked in. as it is here, the most successfnul, writes an Iowa nman to The Prairie Farmer: If corn is to he put in on full plowed ground, dick and harrow it w:eil before planting. If the corn is to he planted on ground plw,.d in the spring, it should be hoirrowed twice if the weather is favorable. Harrow the lai.t time thli oPpoloote of thl w.ay yo i, tend planting the corn. You .iill he able to follow the mark better ai l tihs get your rows str:lighlter. Tiet ywr seed corn so you may lie sure of a good stand. Follow the planter with ti,'" har row, taking care that the horses. do not walk in the rows. After three or four days cross harrow. Never harrow when the ground is wet, as it will do more harm than good. The ground should be just in the proper condition at this har rowing, as the weeds have started and the harrow exposes them to the air. thus killing them. As soon as the corn makes its appear ance harrow again. taking care that the teeth are set so hut little corn will he pulled ount. Conmnence cnltivating the corn the way it was planted as soon as you can distinctly see the rows. Run the shovels close and have the shields set so that no corn is covered. A six shovel cultivator gives the best satise faction. I prefer a riding cultivator, and especially so for the first time, as it gives me a chance to drive, and the horses, if they are young, are not going every way. Cultivate four times if possible. The second time through raise the shields a little and alow the dir+ to sift under as much as it will without covering the corn. The third time through yon should be able to take off the shields and cover up all the weeds in the hills. The last cultivation should be done with care. Keep well away from the corn and leave the ground as leval as possible. Pull out all the mustard and any other weeds you may be able to. If you have a large field, take every other row until half done, then come back and finish. This will kill all the weeds in between the rows. Remember that if you cut many corn rootS you are lessening the crop. A ;lose cultivaton the last time may leave the field clean, but I have known it to make 20 bushels per acre less core. A Convenient Spraying Outfit. The figure shows an outfit for spray ng potatoes or fruit trees, which the few Hampshire station recommends as Convenient. A pump specially designed or spraying, mounted on a barrel of about 50 galtons capacity and drawn 5PiAYTINO POTATOES. on a wagon with one man to pump and another to apply the spray. In spraying potatoes a liberal length of hose should be used-50 feet or more. A farmer naturally hesitates to drive over a field of thrifty "tops," but the injury is hardly to be considered as against the benefit of spraying. With a good length of hose the necessity of driving over the field is reduced to a minimum. Sowing Rape In the Cornfield. I sowed 22 acres of corn with rape sown ahead of the cultivators at last cultivating, July 15, and made an ii-. mense lot of feed so, sris a writer in American Sheep Breeder. I turned the lambs in the cornfield the latter part of August, and kept them there the most of the time until after the corn was I husked. I next turned in 52 ewes and 12 head of cattle until Jan. 10. 1 fed little else excepting a light hay feed oc casionally when the weather was too rough to turn the stock in the field. A year ago I advocated one pound of seed to the acre for the cornfield. My seccnd 1 year's experience justifies my early judgment. The thorough cultivation of the corn kills the weeds and leaves the t rape an uninterrupted growth in the v protecting shade of the ccrn where it t makes a luxuriant and bushy growth, t much better indeed than when sown b alone in the open field. I think this is the cheapest way to secure a great lot of very valuable feed in the corn belt states. a Altitude nnd Irrigation In Growing (Gruin. In addition to the importance of thicker seeding at high altitudes to shorten time of ripening our experi- n ments indicate that upon like soils and d under similar climatic conditions Wheat, oats and barley actually produce less matured heads and less grain with tl increase of altitude. Grain under irrigation produced 0 more matured heads per stool and more grain than where raised without irri gation. fa The amount of grain produced on II dfferent amounts of seed per acre varies in different seasons. On account of In. th creased tillering light seeding (from 80 to 50 pounds per acre) may produce as in much grain as would a larger amount of seed. but when more seed is sown the difference in weight of the grain per bushel, along with shorter period of vi maturity and evenness in ripening, rig may more than pay for the extra seed ih uaed. - Wyoming Station, es bags out the mas e pars uea, Be death your counterisnis b. eemy has come, I wea, Ih bus we on the vine, . --tunl New Taerstk., It HIlps thle (:Chier. Odd bits of change thoughtlesisly left by customers formi n11 inlt'oteuAera.tl part of the Ilncomlle el' .dlilers In res taurants, sa loons. ('jlln :1'('ores mndl snlu liar places where, dt!linlg mIlaI' hI)ors of each day, there is ia ste1tl13y 1u1:1 of patrons. "I ge't $15 a wokl ull'ry.'" s:lld n enshlei'r. " and I alvways .ou00t ont '. :II dlitional $3' or 50 cIlents lr tlday. th rogh forgotten challge. I do lnot rollsidhr that I am loing allnythih disllotlltst. either because I sprays li1:1!' ai efl'ort to attract the custollitI s I ttentllion)l to tilhe fact that he is leaving hIis 1chang hehlind. Nine cases out of ten I sei ceed, even if I have to se1nd a walter to follow the ianfln clear oult ito the( street. But lithere are enoughl of Ile tenth eases to make my receipts foot up all of the sum weekly I have 1naa ed. The majority of them are people In a hurry to ntallh a train or c(ll or to keep an alpp(~ltlllt1enl, nd they linvenl't the time to return. eveIn if they dlid dis. cover their loss a sqllare or so llway. The next day they don't care. or at least the majority of them do lnot, to speak about suclI a small matter, the overlooked ciihage seoldom being mlore than 5 or 10 cents. tiand I alll Just so much ahead. The proprietor get it? Certainly not. It doesn't belong to him, and Just so the money in the cash drawer balances with the register he is satisflced."--li idelphlla Inquirer. Plied It on the Prineerni. In Chlllm it is ethllmette to (regard one ( as old.r thanli lihe or she really is. Wheln tihe P'lrince u111d Princ'lless hlenry of L'rulssia visited Shanghai, the'y net ia notlbl lle lllnlul in, one of whose firl'st questions to tilt prhince-this being an Invariable matter of Chinese politeness -W-Its: "IHow old are you?" "A little more than 311." answered tile prince, smiling. "Indeed!" said the mandarin. "Your highness appears 50." The mandarin then turned to the ill terpreter-Ilerr Voight, a German anid Inquired the princess' age. She answered. "Thirty-two." The Inter' preter Interpreted, and the .lmandalrin 1made a remark In Chinese evidently in. tended to be complimentary. The in terpreter blushed uneasily allnd hesltat ed to translate the remark. The prince saw the dificulty and laughingly com manded: "Out with it. Volght!" "He says," the interpreter then trans. lated to the princess. "that your high. ness looks like 60!" He had meant It well, and of course the princess had sense enough not to take it ill. Should Women Smoket I have no earthly objection to wonlell smoking; only, if they do smoke, they should smoke seriously. Most of them Just fool a Uttle with a cigarette. Now, that scarcely amounts to smoking at all. If they really mean it. let them take to cigars and pipes. I know a dignified old lady, a Polish countess--what is hler name? Coultess?' Countess?-oh, well. Thingamojisky It ends in 'isky,' anyhow-and I respect that woman. She genuinely smokes. and no mistake about it. There Is no playing there. She looks on It as a sacred duty. She has a long pipe with $ wooden stem and the bark on, and a fine big bowl-a regular man's pipe. When she was visiting me, she just 1 loaded up and smoked, and loaded up and smoked, and loaded up and smoked again. She meant business, I know another lady who has a long Turkish pipe, and she, too, means busl. ness. If women are ever to be genuine t smokers, that is the way they must go to work.-Mark Tw..n. The Good Old Quill. The art of cutting a quill by adept "quill drivers" was dying when I be gan schooling. Steel pens had been known for some time, but were not in general use. The goose quill pen died a hard death as a commonly used writ ing tool. My first schoolmaster was a first rate hand at cutting a quill, and he could use it with wonderful effect in flourishes. It was his boast that he could fill the first page of a lad's schoolbook with name, age, date and flourishes--in which were depicted wonderful swans and other birds-in such a fashion that none but experts like himself could tell where the quill pen was takeln ftroli the paper for a fresh dip. My last waster could nel ther cut a quill nor use one with ad vantage. Quills as pens remained In use in some houses as the only writing tool up to a dozen to 20 years ago. Notes and Queries. Ready Made Mermaldeni. In rel'ereuce to a receut paraglraph On I meranlidens, a correspondent writes: "It uany not be generally known that I Japan exports these shams In assorted I sizes. In glass cases. at so much per footrun. They are made of the body of a fish and the dried head of a monkey, so skillfully united that It Is difficult to detect where one begins and the other ends. Of late the market for ioermaldens has been fiat. At one time they were fairly common In the curl. osity shops. DiLeultlie., a "There Is some one giving away the a facts concerning our secret proceed. I ingsl" exclaimed one official. I, "But we haven't really done any- t thing." Ii "Of course, And that's the damag. o lag fact which has been divulged,"- t Washington Star. The wheat of Mexloo amounts In value to nearly *80,000,000 a year. The Ii rile crop Is worth U0,o00,000. Ten ril. fi lion dollars' worth of beans are grown It each year, for beans form a staple artlI W ole of diet among the peasants, Ill al Astronomers tell us that to our solar pw system there are at least 17T,00,00U t1 oomets of all slaes, Is A DISGUSTED CROOK. He l'Iteked UpI n Man About Town PFe a "Itube." ('hltewZaa Ipo.st.ss a allian About townl who is.i eiolltlitly mistalkezn for what ls knlown is tihe "rlubl" by crooks and sharps. Any ot, "lo knOWs himn would iwalloIllt' how sui l 1iii 'erol'or could ihap) pIon, yet It dohes. This rouanld'tr is a good alllttlurd I1111111 1111(1 ence the fe! lows who essl.y to play upilon hIm rare ly get into t oulne. Ile Is really ii keen haidl, although loose and III llfitting clothing lend an air of rusticity to his applarance. 'T'his s accentuated by a habitual manner indicating Innocence and Introspection. lie was walking along one of the busy streets when he was applroachedt by a shrewd looking Indivtlual who desired to engage him 11 conversation. lie coyly admitted that lie wats broke at the time, when the man sald "sh" and drew hint to one side. Then the pavement merchant displayed to the wondering gaze of the rounder certain stones called diamonds and besought him to buy. lIe bespake him thus: "Say. I'm a thief, see, and I pinched these sparks. I want to sell 'em and they go mighty cheap. This one Is worth a century anti you git It for half. 1 like your looks and guess we can fix up a trade." "Will they fade in the wash?" asked the man about town. "If they woln't I might invest, but the last onles I got froan one of you blokes faded badily Now if these will stand soap and wa. ter. why I might put up a quarter for that one." The self conf'essed thief "blhiked away" with a scared look on his face, He glared at his man intently, all the time edging away to create more dis, tance between them. "And I took him for a rube," le muttered, as he slidl around an adjacent corner.-Chicage Chronicle. GOLD TEETH NOT ALL GOLD. Often Are Removable Shellm. Worn to Mnke a Show. "I'd hate to pay that woman's dentist bills," said a business man to a frloend on a South Side L train the other day. Across the aisle from the men was ia woman who showed enough gold every time she opened her mouth to make a mnan want to leave homne and try his fortunes In the Klondike. Two of her upper teeth had been replaced by pieces of burnished metal, and one of her lower teeth also had a 22 carat sheen about it. lier companion had only one gold tooth, but she kept it doing the work of three by a constant smile. "That's another case of the old adage. 'All that glitters is not gold,' " said the business man's friend. "One of the r dental novelties makes gold teeth pos. sible to any one at a small cost and t without even sacrificing a healthy In elsor to make room t.r the metal. For a quarter you san get a shell that (can be stuck over any front tooth, and with an excuse to smile you can present a regular gold mine to the astonished public. "Actresses first affected the gold tooth, and then the Yankee man got an idea. In a short time there was an epidemic of gold teeth. The novelty man came out with his plated shells and sold them like hot cakes. No one but the dentist has any kick against the Imitation gold tooth, and as a daz zler it Is hard to beat. That woman's teeth may be the real stuff, but I be lieve she can slip them off when she wants to and get them plated when they get tarnished."-Chicago Inter Ocean. He Was a Little Bit Close. "The meanest lman I ever knew," said the short passenger, "was a fellow who got a football and painted It to look like a watermelon. Then during the summer months he kept It conspie uously displayed In his back yard and amused himself setting a savage bull dog on hungry people who happened to take a fancy to the bogus melon." "IIe certainly had his mean points," said the tall passenger, "but I know a fellow who could give him a discount and then beat him at his own game. I was In a restaurant once where this foellow was getting his dinner. After he had finished lie called the waiter who had served him and asked: "'Ilow much do you got for a tip at a rule?' "The waiter's eyes sparkled. He rub. bed Ills bands together and replied: "'Well, sahl. we ginally gits at least at quatah, but sometimes nice, genteel, prosperous looklu gemmans like you gives us 50 cents.' "Then what did this fellow do but put on ilis hat and say: "'Thanks. I merely wanted to know how much I was going to be ahead b3 not giving you anything.' "--Ohlcagr. News. Have You a Nateht A man whose feet do not track stop. pod us on the street the other day and maid: "The phenomenal good health of smokers is not due to tobacco alone. Smokers carry matches loose in their pockets and It is the sulphur on the matches that surrounds the body with an aura of protection. What smoke and sulphur won't do In the way of killing microbes is not worth mention. lug." We offer this for the benefit of the old ohronics who "can stop smok ing any time they want to," but who never bump up against the time when they want to.-Denver Road, Phoetegraphln bh Neat, A sensltive plate exposed to dark beat waves will ultimately become at. fcoted. With the plate still covered the same result would occur from light waves, such as proceed from the sun. light, A fair test is to expose an aluminlum disk to their action, X rays penetrate thls metal, and It is probable that heat waves and others can safect the photograpble plate, Wholesale Dealer rn Agency for WINES " r, . Val, gy Y.ý, SLIQUORS LAGER BEER Keg and Bottled ---ND -AIAO- 0CIGARS White Rock .I L..INGCS,. - - ýONTAMNIrA DO YOU KNOW THAT. The Gazette Job Department Turns out a better class of work than any other printing establishment in the Yellow stone valley ................ We are prepared to do any class of printing on short notice......... ............ We employ only first-class workmen, and consequently can guarantee .............. FIRST-CLASS WORKqa IT"O ECHICAGO NEW SHORT LINE CA ANDO PU6ET SOUNM A A H. B. S8,UR, GOINIIRAL AG YNT, BILLINS MU1,.