How to Mount the Frname and Set Up
n Stn'e Silo.
In the course of a s(ries of articles
on silos and ensilage in the Ohio Farm
er John Gould gives concise and ('clear
directions for building the now popular
round silo. He says:
In setting up a stave silo it is neces
sary to make a staging, so that it will
nearly conform to the cylindrical form
of the silo. To do this it is best to set
four posts solid in the ground close to
the outside of the silo and mount on
this a frame, as shown in Fig. 1 of the
first cut. This can be readily miade of
16 feet boards, with the corner boards.
Make the inside measure of this
frame just as large as the outside di
ameter of the silo will be, so that it
PRAME-WIRE FENCE HOOPS.
will touch the frame at eight points.
Start by tacking a stave to the frame,
then add staves, toe nailing them on to
the other at top and bottom with one
nail at each end of the stave, and so on
round. The platform should be at least
12 feet from the ground and staid so
that it cannot twist or sway. The hoops
can then be put on, and as they are
tightened are pounded into place and
trued up so that the inside surface
shall be as true as possible.
For hoops some think the seven-eighth
of an inch rod with burrs at both ends,
using a 4 by 4 inch scantling long
enough for two hoops, makes the best
tightener on a silo. Some think the fiat
hoop the best. The later idea is the 52
inch wide Page fence, four bands to a
silo, for hoops, as described above. The
method of drawing these bands together
is shown in Fig. 2, the wire being
snugly wrapped about two 4 by 4 inch
oak scantlings 56 inches long, so as to
come (when put about the silo) within
about ten inches of each other, and are
then brought together with two stout
bolts, with double burrs. Incidentally
these bands are placed about 17 inches
from each other so as to have a man
hole between each, as illustrated in
Fig. 1 of the second cut. When the silo
is complete, a machine 16 inches square
is marked out, and cleats are nailed on
to hold the staves firmly together. The
"hole" is then sawed out so as to have
a 1% inch bevel, as seen in dotted
line, and is put back into its place, and
makes a perfect airtight door, only
needing a little curtain of tarred paper
1 ced over it on the inside when the
siro is filled.
Fig. 2 shows a round hooped silo set
up against the end of a barn, with a
sort of connecting link with the barn,
shown at A, which helps to hold it
solid, affords a partial protection and
fills up two corners. The balance of
the silo is not covered, the hoops being l
MANBOLE-SILO SET AGAINST A BARN
exposed. The question of silage becom
ing frozen is not much more discussed,
as it is found that the freezing is only
slight in the Iftost intense zero weather,
and if soon fed out does not seem to be
injured to any noticeable extent. The
carrier to this silo fills into the top at B.
When to Sow Bcokwheat.
The old rule of delay the sowing of
buckwheat until the 4th of July is
hardly a safe one to follow in northern
tates, where frost often nips this ten
lerest of all vegetables before its grain
is perfected. There is, of course, dan
ger from too early sowing of this grain,
exposing it to the severe heats which
_ometimes prove as destructive as
-oete, blasting the blossoms so that
.hey do not set with grain. But if the
ueokwheat can be sown during the last
lays of June there is little danger that
t will be blasted by the heat, and the
ass from untimely frosts, which is the
ivil that is most to be feared, will be
voided. This is the advice of The
An Iowa Farmer Tells of Wlays
Whleh He Fin,5e Advisable.
I have found the following method
of caring for corn where it is checked
in. as it is here, the most successfnul,
writes an Iowa nman to The Prairie
Farmer: If corn is to he put in on full
plowed ground, dick and harrow it w:eil
before planting. If the corn is to he
planted on ground plw,.d in the spring,
it should be hoirrowed twice if the
weather is favorable. Harrow the lai.t
time thli oPpoloote of thl w.ay yo i,
tend planting the corn. You .iill he
able to follow the mark better ai l tihs
get your rows str:lighlter. Tiet ywr
seed corn so you may lie sure of a good
stand. Follow the planter with ti,'" har
row, taking care that the horses. do not
walk in the rows. After three or four
days cross harrow. Never harrow when
the ground is wet, as it will do more
harm than good. The ground should be
just in the proper condition at this har
rowing, as the weeds have started and
the harrow exposes them to the air.
thus killing them.
As soon as the corn makes its appear
ance harrow again. taking care that the
teeth are set so hut little corn will he
pulled ount. Conmnence cnltivating the
corn the way it was planted as soon as
you can distinctly see the rows. Run
the shovels close and have the shields
set so that no corn is covered. A six
shovel cultivator gives the best satise
faction. I prefer a riding cultivator,
and especially so for the first time, as
it gives me a chance to drive, and the
horses, if they are young, are not going
Cultivate four times if possible. The
second time through raise the shields a
little and alow the dir+ to sift under as
much as it will without covering the
corn. The third time through yon
should be able to take off the shields
and cover up all the weeds in the hills.
The last cultivation should be done
with care. Keep well away from the
corn and leave the ground as leval as
possible. Pull out all the mustard and
any other weeds you may be able to.
If you have a large field, take every
other row until half done, then come
back and finish. This will kill all the
weeds in between the rows.
Remember that if you cut many corn
rootS you are lessening the crop. A
;lose cultivaton the last time may leave
the field clean, but I have known it to
make 20 bushels per acre less core.
A Convenient Spraying Outfit.
The figure shows an outfit for spray
ng potatoes or fruit trees, which the
few Hampshire station recommends as
Convenient. A pump specially designed
or spraying, mounted on a barrel of
about 50 galtons capacity and drawn
on a wagon with one man to pump and
another to apply the spray. In spraying
potatoes a liberal length of hose should
be used-50 feet or more.
A farmer naturally hesitates to drive
over a field of thrifty "tops," but the
injury is hardly to be considered as
against the benefit of spraying. With
a good length of hose the necessity of
driving over the field is reduced to a
Sowing Rape In the Cornfield.
I sowed 22 acres of corn with rape
sown ahead of the cultivators at last
cultivating, July 15, and made an ii-.
mense lot of feed so, sris a writer in
American Sheep Breeder. I turned the
lambs in the cornfield the latter part of
August, and kept them there the most
of the time until after the corn was I
husked. I next turned in 52 ewes and
12 head of cattle until Jan. 10. 1 fed
little else excepting a light hay feed oc
casionally when the weather was too
rough to turn the stock in the field. A
year ago I advocated one pound of seed
to the acre for the cornfield. My seccnd 1
year's experience justifies my early
judgment. The thorough cultivation of
the corn kills the weeds and leaves the t
rape an uninterrupted growth in the v
protecting shade of the ccrn where it t
makes a luxuriant and bushy growth, t
much better indeed than when sown b
alone in the open field. I think this is
the cheapest way to secure a great lot
of very valuable feed in the corn belt
Altitude nnd Irrigation In Growing
In addition to the importance of
thicker seeding at high altitudes to
shorten time of ripening our experi- n
ments indicate that upon like soils and d
under similar climatic conditions
Wheat, oats and barley actually produce
less matured heads and less grain with tl
increase of altitude.
Grain under irrigation produced 0
more matured heads per stool and more
grain than where raised without irri
The amount of grain produced on II
dfferent amounts of seed per acre varies
in different seasons. On account of In. th
creased tillering light seeding (from 80
to 50 pounds per acre) may produce as in
much grain as would a larger amount
of seed. but when more seed is sown
the difference in weight of the grain
per bushel, along with shorter period of vi
maturity and evenness in ripening, rig
may more than pay for the extra seed ih
uaed. - Wyoming Station, es
bags out the mas e pars uea,
Be death your counterisnis
b. eemy has come, I wea,
Ih bus we on the vine, .
--tunl New Taerstk.,
It HIlps thle (:Chier.
Odd bits of change thoughtlesisly left
by customers formi n11 inlt'oteuAera.tl
part of the Ilncomlle el' .dlilers In res
taurants, sa loons. ('jlln :1'('ores mndl snlu
liar places where, dt!linlg mIlaI' hI)ors
of each day, there is ia ste1tl13y 1u1:1 of
"I ge't $15 a wokl ull'ry.'" s:lld n
enshlei'r. " and I alvways .ou00t ont '. :II
dlitional $3' or 50 cIlents lr tlday. th rogh
forgotten challge. I do lnot rollsidhr
that I am loing allnythih disllotlltst.
either because I sprays li1:1!' ai efl'ort
to attract the custollitI s I ttentllion)l to
tilhe fact that he is leaving hIis 1chang
hehlind. Nine cases out of ten I sei
ceed, even if I have to se1nd a walter
to follow the ianfln clear oult ito the(
street. But lithere are enoughl of Ile
tenth eases to make my receipts foot
up all of the sum weekly I have 1naa
ed. The majority of them are people
In a hurry to ntallh a train or c(ll or to
keep an alpp(~ltlllt1enl, nd they linvenl't
the time to return. eveIn if they dlid dis.
cover their loss a sqllare or so llway.
The next day they don't care. or at
least the majority of them do lnot, to
speak about suclI a small matter, the
overlooked ciihage seoldom being mlore
than 5 or 10 cents. tiand I alll Just so
much ahead. The proprietor get it?
Certainly not. It doesn't belong to
him, and Just so the money in the cash
drawer balances with the register he
is satisflced."--li idelphlla Inquirer.
Plied It on the Prineerni.
In Chlllm it is ethllmette to (regard one (
as old.r thanli lihe or she really is. Wheln
tihe P'lrince u111d Princ'lless hlenry of
L'rulssia visited Shanghai, the'y net ia
notlbl lle lllnlul in, one of whose firl'st
questions to tilt prhince-this being an
Invariable matter of Chinese politeness
"IHow old are you?"
"A little more than 311." answered tile
"Indeed!" said the mandarin. "Your
highness appears 50."
The mandarin then turned to the ill
terpreter-Ilerr Voight, a German
anid Inquired the princess' age. She
answered. "Thirty-two." The Inter'
preter Interpreted, and the .lmandalrin
1made a remark In Chinese evidently in.
tended to be complimentary. The in
terpreter blushed uneasily allnd hesltat
ed to translate the remark. The prince
saw the dificulty and laughingly com
"Out with it. Volght!"
"He says," the interpreter then trans.
lated to the princess. "that your high.
ness looks like 60!"
He had meant It well, and of course
the princess had sense enough not to
take it ill.
Should Women Smoket
I have no earthly objection to wonlell
smoking; only, if they do smoke, they
should smoke seriously. Most of them
Just fool a Uttle with a cigarette. Now,
that scarcely amounts to smoking at
all. If they really mean it. let them
take to cigars and pipes.
I know a dignified old lady, a Polish
countess--what is hler name? Coultess?'
Countess?-oh, well. Thingamojisky
It ends in 'isky,' anyhow-and I respect
that woman. She genuinely smokes.
and no mistake about it. There Is no
playing there. She looks on It as a
sacred duty. She has a long pipe with
$ wooden stem and the bark on, and a
fine big bowl-a regular man's pipe.
When she was visiting me, she just 1
loaded up and smoked, and loaded up
and smoked, and loaded up and
smoked again. She meant business,
I know another lady who has a long
Turkish pipe, and she, too, means busl.
ness. If women are ever to be genuine t
smokers, that is the way they must go
to work.-Mark Tw..n.
The Good Old Quill.
The art of cutting a quill by adept
"quill drivers" was dying when I be
gan schooling. Steel pens had been
known for some time, but were not in
general use. The goose quill pen died
a hard death as a commonly used writ
ing tool. My first schoolmaster was a
first rate hand at cutting a quill, and
he could use it with wonderful effect
in flourishes. It was his boast that he
could fill the first page of a lad's
schoolbook with name, age, date and
flourishes--in which were depicted
wonderful swans and other birds-in
such a fashion that none but experts
like himself could tell where the quill
pen was takeln ftroli the paper for a
fresh dip. My last waster could nel
ther cut a quill nor use one with ad
vantage. Quills as pens remained In
use in some houses as the only writing
tool up to a dozen to 20 years ago.
Notes and Queries.
Ready Made Mermaldeni.
In rel'ereuce to a receut paraglraph On I
meranlidens, a correspondent writes:
"It uany not be generally known that I
Japan exports these shams In assorted I
sizes. In glass cases. at so much per
footrun. They are made of the body
of a fish and the dried head of a
monkey, so skillfully united that It Is
difficult to detect where one begins and
the other ends. Of late the market for
ioermaldens has been fiat. At one time
they were fairly common In the curl.
"There Is some one giving away the a
facts concerning our secret proceed. I
ingsl" exclaimed one official. I,
"But we haven't really done any- t
"Of course, And that's the damag. o
lag fact which has been divulged,"- t
The wheat of Mexloo amounts In
value to nearly *80,000,000 a year. The Ii
rile crop Is worth U0,o00,000. Ten ril. fi
lion dollars' worth of beans are grown It
each year, for beans form a staple artlI W
ole of diet among the peasants, Ill
Astronomers tell us that to our solar pw
system there are at least 17T,00,00U t1
oomets of all slaes, Is
A DISGUSTED CROOK.
He l'Iteked UpI n Man About Town PFe
('hltewZaa Ipo.st.ss a allian About townl
who is.i eiolltlitly mistalkezn for what ls
knlown is tihe "rlubl" by crooks and
sharps. Any ot, "lo knOWs himn would
iwalloIllt' how sui l 1iii 'erol'or could ihap)
pIon, yet It dohes. This rouanld'tr is a
good alllttlurd I1111111 1111(1 ence the fe!
lows who essl.y to play upilon hIm rare
ly get into t oulne. Ile Is really ii keen
haidl, although loose and III llfitting
clothing lend an air of rusticity to his
applarance. 'T'his s accentuated by a
habitual manner indicating Innocence
lie was walking along one of the
busy streets when he was applroachedt
by a shrewd looking Indivtlual who
desired to engage him 11 conversation.
lie coyly admitted that lie wats broke
at the time, when the man sald "sh"
and drew hint to one side. Then the
pavement merchant displayed to the
wondering gaze of the rounder certain
stones called diamonds and besought
him to buy. lIe bespake him thus:
"Say. I'm a thief, see, and I pinched
these sparks. I want to sell 'em and
they go mighty cheap. This one Is
worth a century anti you git It for half.
1 like your looks and guess we can fix
up a trade."
"Will they fade in the wash?" asked
the man about town. "If they woln't I
might invest, but the last onles I got
froan one of you blokes faded badily
Now if these will stand soap and wa.
ter. why I might put up a quarter for
The self conf'essed thief "blhiked
away" with a scared look on his face,
He glared at his man intently, all the
time edging away to create more dis,
tance between them. "And I took him
for a rube," le muttered, as he slidl
around an adjacent corner.-Chicage
GOLD TEETH NOT ALL GOLD.
Often Are Removable Shellm. Worn
to Mnke a Show.
"I'd hate to pay that woman's dentist
bills," said a business man to a frloend
on a South Side L train the other day.
Across the aisle from the men was ia
woman who showed enough gold every
time she opened her mouth to make a
mnan want to leave homne and try his
fortunes In the Klondike. Two of her
upper teeth had been replaced by
pieces of burnished metal, and one of
her lower teeth also had a 22 carat
sheen about it. lier companion had
only one gold tooth, but she kept it
doing the work of three by a constant
"That's another case of the old adage.
'All that glitters is not gold,' " said the
business man's friend. "One of the
r dental novelties makes gold teeth pos.
sible to any one at a small cost and
t without even sacrificing a healthy In
elsor to make room t.r the metal. For
a quarter you san get a shell that (can
be stuck over any front tooth, and with
an excuse to smile you can present a
regular gold mine to the astonished
"Actresses first affected the gold
tooth, and then the Yankee man got
an idea. In a short time there was an
epidemic of gold teeth. The novelty
man came out with his plated shells
and sold them like hot cakes. No one
but the dentist has any kick against
the Imitation gold tooth, and as a daz
zler it Is hard to beat. That woman's
teeth may be the real stuff, but I be
lieve she can slip them off when she
wants to and get them plated when
they get tarnished."-Chicago Inter
He Was a Little Bit Close.
"The meanest lman I ever knew,"
said the short passenger, "was a fellow
who got a football and painted It to
look like a watermelon. Then during
the summer months he kept It conspie
uously displayed In his back yard and
amused himself setting a savage bull
dog on hungry people who happened to
take a fancy to the bogus melon."
"IIe certainly had his mean points,"
said the tall passenger, "but I know a
fellow who could give him a discount
and then beat him at his own game.
I was In a restaurant once where this
foellow was getting his dinner. After
he had finished lie called the waiter
who had served him and asked:
"'Ilow much do you got for a tip at
"The waiter's eyes sparkled. He rub.
bed Ills bands together and replied:
"'Well, sahl. we ginally gits at least at
quatah, but sometimes nice, genteel,
prosperous looklu gemmans like you
gives us 50 cents.'
"Then what did this fellow do but
put on ilis hat and say:
"'Thanks. I merely wanted to know
how much I was going to be ahead b3
not giving you anything.' "--Ohlcagr.
Have You a Nateht
A man whose feet do not track stop.
pod us on the street the other day and
maid: "The phenomenal good health of
smokers is not due to tobacco alone.
Smokers carry matches loose in their
pockets and It is the sulphur on the
matches that surrounds the body with
an aura of protection. What smoke
and sulphur won't do In the way of
killing microbes is not worth mention.
lug." We offer this for the benefit of
the old ohronics who "can stop smok
ing any time they want to," but who
never bump up against the time when
they want to.-Denver Road,
Phoetegraphln bh Neat,
A sensltive plate exposed to dark
beat waves will ultimately become at.
fcoted. With the plate still covered
the same result would occur from light
waves, such as proceed from the sun.
light, A fair test is to expose an
aluminlum disk to their action, X rays
penetrate thls metal, and It is probable
that heat waves and others can safect
the photograpble plate,
Wholesale Dealer rn Agency for
WINES " r, . Val, gy Y.ý,
SLIQUORS LAGER BEER
Keg and Bottled
0CIGARS White Rock
.I L..INGCS,. - - ýONTAMNIrA
Turns out a better class of
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establishment in the Yellow
stone valley ................
We are prepared to do any
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We employ only first-class
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can guarantee ..............
NEW SHORT LINE CA
PU6ET SOUNM A A
H. B. S8,UR, GOINIIRAL AG YNT, BILLINS MU1,.
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