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The Billings Gazette.
SBenI-XM BKLY. GaOtte Printing Company, Publishers E. H. BBCKBR, Editor. Ofcial City and County Paper. Subscription 1Rates. One year, in advance .............3.00 B months .............................. 1.50 Single copies..................... .05 3ntered at the Billings Postoffice as Second Class Matter. TUESDAY, NOV. 20, 1900. THE SENATORIAL SITUATION. From the reports that reach this part of the state it would seem as of the Clark-Heinze alliance had been dis solved and that discord of a decidedly muscular sort had taken the place of that unanimity of purpose and fratern ity which marked the actions of the principals up to the time of the election. It now appears that Heinz had designs when he joined forces with Clark and became an ally of vindication. He successfully kept those designs to him self until the necessity for maintaining secrecy had passed and then he let it be known that he had Heinze in mind when he became a fusionist and branched out as an "eight hour" re publican. Heinze is credited with nursing am bitions inimical to those cherished by Mr. Clark and a clash has followed. some say he is possessed of an over powering desire to shine as a west side Warwick and merely wants to say who shall be the senator from that section of the state, and that it shall be someone other than Clark, while some go so far as to assert that when it comes to first class senatorial timber the smooth faced autocrat of the dump feels com petent to speak in the first person, sin gular. Whichever of these reports is true, certain it is that the concert is badly, disrupted and that both of the former subscribers to it now regard each other with anything but kindness and affection. As usual, Clark inclines to be gel fish and gives his late ally. to under stand that he should be satisfied with the reflected glory that comes from having been on the winning side and that decency should urge him to be content with remaining on the proba tioners' list for a reasonable time. To this Heinze makes reply that it was a fusion fight any way and that having been successful he has just as much right to claim democratic recognition as any man who took part in it. Thus it will be seen that Mr. Clark will not have the clear'sailing he expected to have, but will find himself beset by shoals and adverse winds that he never suspected would interfere with his second passage into the harbor he has been triying for years to reach. While Clark is having an open fight on his hand with hienze, there is still anoth er possibility that may rise to annoy him. H. L. Frank has a large and active list of friends who are set in the notion that he would make about as good a senator as the state could have. It is true that Mr. Frank is one of Mr. Clark's stanchest and most loyal friends, who has stood by him for years and often managed his campaigns, and that he declares he is not a candidate so long as to be so would interfere with his chief's am bitions and plans, still Mr. Frank is but human and it is hard telling how far a man's loyalty can be relied upon in a case of that kind. Mr. Frank goes no further than to say he is not a candidate and allows his friends to continue their work. It will be'seenl that his declination does not go to the extent of binding him so hard that he would allow the state to be short a senator rather than accept the plum if were sought to forde it into his basket. So much for the condition of affairs in the fusion ranks on the west side. Over on the east matters are not much better. There a very robust phantom in the person of the governor-elect persists in showing itself. Pressure has been brought to bear to keep the pulchritudinous J. K. in the back ground by inducing him to be content with the governorship. While it is said that he has to a cer tain extent promised to keep out of the fight, he is unable to efface all recollections of the promises made to him two years ago, when his chances of election were so good that the Clark nanagers implored him not to become a candidate and pledged them selves to support him two years later. He also persists in remembering that no later than last summer he was assured that he could have the place if he would only consent to make the run for governor. Of course, that promise was made under stress .-of circumstances, for its Was under ) kood thbt he was the strongest man that could be nominated, the managers of the vindication movement well knowing his immense perscnal pop ularity throughout the state. That they made no error of judgment the returns went to shows and Mr. Toole may see fit to keep them to their promise. If he adheres to his promise the other men on the east side with senatorial ambitions will be left with a' clear field. Aside from Mr. Toole the only other man spoken promin ently in connection with the place is W. G. Conrad of Great Falls, but he is not to be considered as matters now exist. The weakness for coquetting with the Anaconda forces that he displayed two years ago renders him persona non grata with the man in the saddle this year. It is due to a full realization of the situation as outlined in the foregoing that the democrats of the far eastern section of the state have decided upon Senator Cullen of Dawson county as the proper man to advance for honors. They say his loyalty to the cause represented by the faction of his party which will control the legisla ture cannot be doubted and being en tirely free from pledges and alliances of any kind, he would make an ideal candidate, one upon whom all could center and give their support. HUMAN NATURE THE SAME. Human nature averages pretty much the same the world over and geographical lines cut a very small figure in the matter of emotions. This truism received another illustra tion in the occurence at Limon, last Friday. There a mob gathered for the purpose of wreaking vengance on a man who had grievously transcended both the divine and human law. He was guilty of an offease so monstrous that its perpetration is almost impos sible of comprehension. The state in which it was committed decrees by law that death is the punishment which those who commit crimes of that sort must undergo. The mob knew this and also knew that in all probability the law would be enforced in this particular case, but the desire for retribution in its direst form over came all othex considerations and the minds of those composing the mob were for the time unable to entertain but one thought-revenge for the death of Porter's innocent victim and torture for the murderer. They for got that they were about to violate the law themselves. The thirst for blood was aroused in them and their minds were the subjects of their pas sions. To them it seemed that the punishment which the law decreed was insufficient to expiate the wrong that had been done. Only torture the most exquisite and prolonged could atone for the outrage perpetrated by him whom they were about to con sign to death and they proceeded, calmly, deliberately to carry out their design. As the negro had shown no mercy to the child, so they showed no mercy to him "and his dying screams and frightful agony made no impress upon them. They had hardened their hearts against all appeals of pity or compassion and with stoic indifference watched the completion of their aw ful work. When mortal frame could no longer endure the strain placed upon it and the seared, ill smelling body of Preston Porter was an un recognizable mass the avengers sep arated and went to their respective homes, each satisfied with the part he had played in the night's tragedy, grimly determined that the sanctity of life and maidenly virtue must be re spected and each home made secure against the designs and deeds of such as he whom they had killed. Had this occurred in the south many papers and persons of the north would probably be heard denouncing it and holding it up as another instance of southern cruelty and contempt for the law when a negro was the one who had invited its punishment upon himself. Having occurred in the north, the matter may come to them in a different light and in weighing the crime of which Porter was guilty and comparing it with the punish ment meted out to him they may view. it with different minds and decide that human nature averages pretty much the same the world over. EASTERN MONTANA'S CHOICE. It is only natural that much specu lation should be indulged in at the present time' concerning the inten tions of the democrats of the state in reference to the election of United States senators, one to fill the existing vacancy and the other to fill the va cancy that occurs next March by reason of the expiration of Mr. Car ter's term. Of course, everybody un derstands that one of the senatorships will go to Mr. Clark, or least every body takes it for granted that such will be the case. The fight made by the dominant faction of the party was one of justification of his course in connection with his election by the legislature two years ago and having been successful on that issue, the gen tleman is the logical candidate and his claims cannot be ignored. Had there been no Clark and no demand for vin dication the election might have re sulted differently. It being a reasonable assumption that one of the vacancies is already as good as filled, speculation naturally centers upon the remaining one. While several names have been men tioned as representing proper and fit men to assume the waiting toga none appears to have aroused even to a slight degree that spirit of enthusiasm which always manifests itself in the case of a candidate, possessing suffi cient popularity or personal magnetism to give a reasonable amount of assur ance of his succcess. Political inex pediency is urged as a reason why some should not be seriously con sidered, while reasons of another kind are advanced against the candidacy of others. Ever since its admission as a state one of the unwritten political laws of Montana which both parties have rec ognized has been that the mountain range which acts as a natural division from north to south shall also act as a line to mark, as nearly as possible, the manner in which all state offices shall be divided. Especially is this so in the case of the two senatorships, and a very just and wise arrangement it is. Mr. Clark represents the west side, consequently in the nature of things his colleague will come from this cismontane part of the state. It is also but natural to suppose that the party will confer the honor upon one who in addition to being endowed with the necessary mental qualifications required to successfully fill the exalted position, also commands a following within his own political organization and strength with the people that makes him a man of influence and power. Some. persons with high ethical conception may argue that the latter consideration should be given no places in so important a matter as the selection of a man for United States senator. Perhaps they are right, but they are not politicians. Such a man the democrats of eastern Montana be lieve they possess in the person of a modest citizen of Dawson county, the Hon. Thomas P. Cullen. While it is none of The Gazette's political business, and while anything that this paper may have to say con cerning the matter will probably not receive the same consideration that would be accorded it, were it to come from a democratic publication, the desire to discuss Mr. Cullen's candi dacy is too strong to be resisted. Be sides, this newspaper has that interest in the matter that all who love their country must feel in so important an event as the election of a United States senator, for although chosen as representatives of recognized politi cal organizations, once elected, public officials are supposqd to be governed in their actions by a desire to serve all to the best of their ability, without regard to political affiliations or prejudices. All that the friends or Mr. Unuen claim for him The Gazette cheerfully endorses. His is a mentality of more than ordinary ability, coupled to which are years of experience in leg islative bodies and thorough famili arity with the needs of his constitu ency. Then, too, he is a man on whom suspicion never rested and whose name has yet to be coupled with any transaction of questionable character. His mental, intellectual and moral qualifications being conced ed, brief investigation into his politi cal availibility will speedily establish the fact that he is an element of strength to his party that the leaders cannot afford to ignore. In proof of this it is only necessary to consider the success which has attended his re peated candidacies for legislative honors in the county from which he hails. Two full terms has he served in the upper house of the legislature as Dawson's representative and at the recent election was returned for a third term. It should not be forgot ten that Dawson is eminently a repub lican county and that in each succes sive contest he was pitted against the opposition's strongest man. Particu larly was this so in the election just over. Opposed to him was a man whom his party was especially anxious to honor. He stood as the exponent of a principle, a condition the party was desirous of vindicating above al most all else involved, and to that end concentrated its best energies in the direction of securing his success. The battle was a hard one, but Mr. Cullen had the satisfaction of defeating his opponent, notwithstanding that the head of the ticket on which that op ponent ran had a majority of several hundred votes. The hundreds of re publicans who voted for him gave testimony of the regard which they entertain for Mr. Cullen and must be reckoned as being his (strong and con sistent followers and (adherents, ready to stand by him at all times and under all circumstances. It is for this and the other reasons given that The Gazette feels that in advancing Mr. Cullen as their candi date for senator, the democrats of eastern Montana enter into the fight entrenched behind claims of which their party cannot refuse to take due cognizance. A CANDID ADMISSION. A great many of the newspapers which -supported that gentleman dur ing the recent campaign are still writ ing learnedly on the causes of Bryan's defeat. To the ordinary person the cause seems to be plain enough-he failed to get sufficient votes to give him the place he sought. The reason of that failure is also very plain-the people did not want him. The Anaconda Standard is one of the papers that gave its support to him, and it published the usual post election article looked for from the defeated ones. After carefully analyz ing the situation, that taper expresses the belief that if Bryan had remained at home and made no speeches at all it is impossible to say what the effect would have been. This is said after calling' attention to the manner in which he trimmed his sails to every passing breeze, talking free silver where sentiment was that way and exploiting the trusts and other alleged issues where he knew sentiment was antagonistic to free coinage. By pur suing a course of equivocation and double dealing, the Standard inti mates, he failed to carry a single doubtful state in which he spoke, ex cept Kentucky. In conclusion the same paper says that considering mat ters in their present light it is not easy to see what change of plan or plat form would have changed the result and that the most reasonable conclu sion seems to be that under existing conditions the republicans would have won any way, no matter what course the democrats might have pursued. Such an admission from such a source is indeed refreshing and is one of the most candid confessions of the weakness of the cause the democrats sought to defend that has come to the notice of The Gazette since the cam paign closed. The paper making it might have added that the true Ameri can spirit still exists and that Bryan's advocacy of all that is repugnant to that spirit was the cause of his re pudiation by the electorate. HIS SUCCESS DOUBTFUL. Being elected to that body and being given a seat in the United States sen ate seem to be widely different propo sitions, as current history goes to show. The experience of a certain distinguished Montanan in that direc tion is still of so recent occurrence as to merit no more than passing refer ence. Now comes another gentleman representing the same political party, who may find his right to a seat in that body most effectively disputed. J. S. C. Blackburn of Kentucky is the one. He was recently re-elected by the legislature of his state and pre sented his credentials to the senate before, the last session of congress came to a close. They were referred to the committee on privileges and elections, which will investigate the validity of the title to a seat that he pretends to hold. The Blackburn case differs from that of Clark in that no charges of ir regularity of proceedings in the body that elected him are made. The Ken tuckian is a poor man, or compar atively so. Notwrithstanding the ap parent regularity of his election, that election will be looked into thorough ly, for he owes it to the Goebel law, an institution that is objectionable to all republicans. As yet no definite plan of action has been agreed upon by the republican members of the senate in reference to the case, but they may be depended upon to make sure that Blackburn is entitled to his seat before he is allowed to occupy it. It is, of course, impossible to tell at this time what will happen, but unless he can make a better showing than it is deemed possible, Mr. Blackburn will probably never occupy the seat to which he was elected. The question what to do with Nevada is once more occupying the editorial mind. The state is an anomoly in that it persists in contin nally decreasing in population in much the same ratio that some of its neighbors are increasing theirs. While the framers of the constitution made provisions for creating states out of territories, they did not provide a Drugs sDrgs Special A Complete Attention Line of given to Perfumes, Physicians' Soaps, Combs and Prescriptions Brushes Day and Night. of all kinds. process for the opposite course, prob- I ably thinking that such an event would never be necessary. It is evi dent that in time something will have to be done concerning the state, for its constant decrease in population only accentuates the absurdity of giv ing statehood to a mere handful of people who remain because they are' unable to leave or are impelled to stay by the alurements of public office. Although having fewer people than one of the least populous of the larger towns of that state, Nevada has the same representation in the senate as New York. If it can be done, Nevada should be put back on a territorial basis, much as such a course might be opposed by the men with senatorial aspirations who nominally make their homes amid the mountains and sage- I brush of that burrough. Although the president has inti mated that he is opposed to the pro posed reduction in the representation of the southern states in the house of representatives, it is very likely that an attempt will be made during the next session of congress to have such a measure passed. The talk that has been heard concerning the matter has reached the south and is having re sults. Several days ago a bill was in troduced in the Georgia legislature contemplating the disfranchisement of the negro along the same plan adopted in Louisiana, the Carolinas and Mis sissippi. Fearing the effect in the north the passage of such a measure would have it is said the bill has been shelved and will not be heard from again, but it is also said that the same bill or a similar one will be enacted as soon as the present scare concern ing re-apportionment subsides in the south. The fact that the president is known to be opposed to making a re-apportionment of representatives by which the south would lose may cause the negro baiters to become bold and continue to disfrancised the greater number of voters of some of the states where that pastime is popular, but they would better be careful. Even the president does not always have his way and is preference very often counts for but little. The provisions of the constitution on the matter are very plain and just now the constitution is decidedly popular. The campaign being over and hav ing nothing of'a particularly pressing nature to occupy their time just now, the New York newspapers have fallen back on the old "space" story of the absorption of the Northern Pacific railroad by the Great Northern. The fact that the tale has been denied every time it was exploited and that the denial was emphasized by sub sequent events does not tend to dis courage the enterprising news gather ers of Gotham or have any depressing effects upon their imagination. They continue to send it out regularly with occasional variations. The latest re vival of the yarn credits Hill with an ambition to take practical control of all the trans-continental roads and place himself at the head of the most collosal railroad scheme in the world. While Mr. Hill is conceded to be an ambitious and able man, it is doubtful whether even he has sufficient confi dence in his executive abilitiy to un dertake the latest task cut out for him by the New York journalistic frater nity. Judge Wallborn of the United States district court for California rendered a decision at Fresno a few days ago, which if upheld, will make more leg islation necessary in the matter of pro tecting the forest reserves. In a case tried before him the judge held the act of June 30, 1898, authorizing the secretary of the interior to make reg ulations for the protection of the for Bst reserves, to be unconstitutional. The law, he ruled, delegates by con gress legislative povwer to an adminis trative officer. In effect the decision practically throws open to sheepmen all the reservations, although it is claimed they are still liable in civil cases for damages for tresspass. The decision is interesting to the sheepmen of this section only so far as it relates to the community of interest they feel in the industry all over the country, still they will hail it with pleasure, as it is calculated to upset an act of leg islation that is obnoxious to many be cause they consider it to be unjust, as under its proivsions discrimination against theni has been made in its ap plication. The excellent results that have fol lowed the experiment of introducing free rural delivery have induced the postmaster general to extend the sys tem as rapidly as possible. At the close of the fiscal year ending June 30, 1900, over 4,000 of routes were in suc cessful operation and the extensions contemplated for next year will have the effect of more than doubling tha't number. Investigation is now mak ing with a view to the feasability of putting the service into operation at every point throughout the country not represented by the regular free delivery service in the cities. Among the routes to be established soon will probably be one in this state, a peti tion to that effect now being before the department. The community praying for the convenience is in the Gallatin valley, north of Bozeman. The Helena Herald still pretends to see great danger to the state from the svil intentions of the Standard Oil _ompany and warns the people against the wicked designs of that corpora tion. It was believed that having -arried out its contract in helping to :eliver the state to the democrats, the Herald would cease its ante-elec tion ravings and allow itself to be governed by sense and reason once more, but such belief, it is plain, was erroneous. The trouble with the Herald as with all traitors seems to be that it is fearful lest it is overzeal ous in serving its new master its sin ecrity may be regarded with suspicion and in that event find itself thrown out of doors. Without the slightest regard for the feelings of the anti-administration organs and politicians, General Mac Arthur has removed the censorship on dispatches which has existed at Manila. The general probably thinks that the results of the recent election in this country have removed the dangers which formerly attended the unre stricted use of the cables between the islands and the rest of the World. The people having endorsed the ad ministration's policy in reference to the nation's new insular possessions, it will now be in order to undertake the task , of re-oragnizing the army, something that has been needed for years. Democratic obstruction may be less than when an attempt in that direction was made the last time, as the voters have shown their disregard for "militarism." While Mr. Croker is heart and soul with the latest movement set on foot to purify the moral atmosphere of Greater New York, he finds that his recent campaign efforts make it ab solutely necessary for him to take a trip abroad for the benefit of his shattered health. In consequence he will be unable to give the matter the benefit of his personal direction. And now comes a wicked republi can secretary of the treasury with the statement showing that a reduction of the war taxes at this time is perfectly feasable. As aiders and abettors in this offense against the peace of mind of the democratic party he has a lot of sinful senators and congressmen, also republicans, who say it shall be done. Without the slightest regard for their feelings, Senator Hanna informs the democratic editors of these United States that under no consideration will he allow his name to be used in connection with the presidency four years hence. In view of the results in South Dakota the late Mr. F. R. Pettigrew now probably feels more "ashamed of his country" than ever. Meanwhile he has the modfrnful satisfaotion of knowing that the feeling is returned.