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The Billings Gazette.
SEMHI-WIaEEKLY. Gazette Printing Company, Publishers E. H. BECKER, Editor. Official City and County Paper. Subscrlption 1Rates. One year, in advance ............$.8.00 &za months ..................... 1.50 Sinale covies.................... .05 Entered at the Billings Postoffice as Second Class Matter. FRIDAY, JAN. 25, 1901. VICTORIA IS DEAD The long hours of agonized waiting for the weary watchers at Osborne house are over and the suspense of the civilized world is at an end. Queen Victoria is no more and the world has lost one of its most loved and wisest rulers. She has joined the innumer able throng of others who have laid aside the crown and scepter and sunk into the earth which once trembled at their words of command. For almost sixty-three years was she the sover eign of the most powerful empire on earth. During that long time she governed rather than ruled, for the authority of an English sovereign is limited. It was her goodness and purity that made her the great queen she was. Abhoring all that is wicked and sinful, her constant aim was to improve the world and make it better. Her first act as sovereign was to raise the standard of morals in her own court and by the example which that afforded made the morals of all England better. Her love of peace was no less than her love of goodness and her voice was at all times against war when by any possibility it could be averted. It was that desire to be at peace with the world that caused her to avert war with this nation at a time when war would probably have meant destruction of the republic. This was at a time when her own cabinet was opposed to her and when had war resulted England would have had the co-operation of France, which, under Napoleon III, was eager to engage in conflict with us. The occasion was the arrest of the Confed erate envoys, Mason and Slidell. Her counsel prevailed and a message, which if sent as originally worded would have meant war, was so modi fied that honorable peace was made possible. It was she also that pre vented a second war between Germany and France when she interceded with her grandson, Emperor William, in behalf of the Gaul and in a struggle of diplomacy came out victor over Bismarck, but at the cost of having incurred the. Iron Chancellor's enmity, an enmity that ended only with his death. It is not venturing too much to say that had she been less enfeebled by age when that unfortu nate struggle began the war in South Africa would probably never have oc curred. It will be for her kindness of heart that Queen Victoria will longest be remembered. Under her reign the British empire made greater strides toward a higher civilization than ever before. It was due to her splendid womanhood that legislation calculated to elevate and enhance the condition of her subjects was enacted. Some of the greatest and grandest reforms inaugurated for 'the amelioration of her people had their inception in her mind. They were given rights and liberties never before accorded to sub jects of royalty and the example she set in this respects to other courts was resultant of good to their own sub jects. Her life was lived that others might be happier and better. No wonder that all the world mourns and hastens to pay tribute to her memory. While the government of England will go on as it always has and so far as affairs of state are concerned her death will not cause a moment's hesitation or delay, yet the influence which was hers will cease and the power she wielded by the force of her own good ness and purity will be gone forever. Victoria was born May 24, 1819, and June 20, 1837, was crowned queen of England, succeeding William III to the throne. At that time she was barely of age, an event that occurred S.the month before, or to be precise, May 24. She will be succeeded by d.-er eldest son, Albert Edward, prince ,Wales, Who is sixty years of age. ,in suaocession is the duke of second son of Albert Edward, pbeeame heir apparent upon the o the duke of Clarence, in i*.,is thirty-five years old. Sthrone stands the son of , a boy not yet quite FOOLS ITS ENEMIES. The Anaconda company seems to have grown tired of waiting for the fusionist legislature to pass an eight hour law, for President Scallon has given notice that beginning on the first of next month the men employed in its mines will be required to work only eight hour shifts. Meantime the bill over which so much flourish was made reposes snugly in the pigeon hole to which it was consigned upon its introduction. Unless it is soon passed the fusion gentlemen will have but few crows coming, as the first of February is only a short way off and the octopus will be doing voluntarily what it was boasted it would be forced to do by law. Judging frdm the manner in which the bill is al lowed to lag it begins to appear as if the fusion declaration that the eight hour law is in the hands of its friends is intended as a hint of fondness for It so great that it will never be al lowed to go any further. Had it not been that a few persons sought to fur ther selfish interests, and had the matter not been made a political issue it is very probable that instead of being one of the last to adopt the schedule the Anaconda company would have been one of the first to reduce the number of hours of labor demanded from its employes. TIERNEY'S SENSIBLE IDEA. Experience has proved that despite 11i the laws and moral crusades gam ling prevails in every communty, whether great or small, for there are n every place men who cannot resist he fascination of the game. In this tate a law exists against the practice ;hat its framers believed would effect ially put an end to the evil because if the severity of the punishment rovided for those convicted of the )ffense. The very thing that was inpposed would suppress the vice is .esponsible for its general prevalence it this time. The penalty is con sidered too severe for engaging in that which the state formerly recognized is a legitimate calling and licensed the same as any other business. Realiz ng the pnistake that was made, those who are opposed to the practice now ?ropoEe to amend the law so that nstead of a felony and punishable as nch, gambling is to be made a simple nisdemeanor, carrying with it a pen ilty no greater than a fine or imprison nent in the county jail. They think he law will be more effective because more likely to be enforced. The Ga cette respects their opinion, but be lieves if given a trial it will be found that such a law will be resultant of but little more good than the one now dead letter on the statutes. Recognizing the evil that gambling in any form is and the injury it works to any community where it is per mitted to exist, The Gazette is as earnest in its desire to see the vice suppressed and eradicated as any of those who are seeking to accomplish that object by prohibitive legislation. But it does not allow its desires to blind its judgment and for that reason goes on record as being opposed to the drastic measures some advocate, being satisfied that they will accomplish no greater good than has followed the Chandler bill, for men will gamble, no matter what the law says, and if not in public then in secret. To regu late the evil and reduce it to the smallest possible proportions should be the aim of the legislators and those committed to civic reforms. This can be done and done effectively by enacting the Tierney bill, now pend ing in the upper house of the legisla ture. The author of the measure manifests a thorough understanding of the subject he seeks to deal with and the difficulty of reaching it in an effective and lasting manner. By ob servation Senator Tierney seems to have learned that men cannot be made good by law, consequently he seeks to so hedge in evil that its indulgence will be attended by the geatest public ity, thus shaming men into not doing that which their own judg ment and conscience should prevail upon them to abstain from. What is more, he will succeed if his bill be comes a law. Aside from its novelty, the Tierney measure possesses the quality practi cality as well as practicability. By compelling every man who has a weakness for guessing as to the ident ity of the card next to come out of the little box, or backing his judgment of the value of a poker hand with whatever coin he may have about him to place hims3lf on record as a professional gamester is a. long step in the direction of preventing many who now gamble "only for fun" to eschew cards when their playing involves something more than the satisfaction of being a winner. Men who now "just drop in" and venture a small stake on the turn of a card or revolu tion of a wheel painted in fantastic colors will not do so when they know they must first obtain a license entitl ing them to the privilege or right, es pecially when the fact of the posses sion of such a license is a matter of public record, open to all. Such a law would restrict gambling to those who follow it as a vocation and who are indifferent to the opinion of the pub lic or their friends. It would do even more. By limiting gambling to "pro fessionals" that class of non-producers would soon find themselves obliged to engage in some other occupation or leave the community. Their revenue would speedily cease, for it is at the expense of the men who gamble only occasionally that those who make it the. means of obtaining a livelihood thrive and exist. Restrict gambling to a few card sharps and it is a mat ter of a short time only until the money that changes ownership as a result of wagers made on cards finds its way into the pockets of one or two and the others, to use their own par lance, will find themselves "broke." The Tierney bill has more to recom mend it than any of the others of which so much is heard. In only one respect could it be improved: It should be so amended as to contain a provi sion for publication in some news paper published at the county seat of the names of all within that county to whom gambling licenses are issued. A PROPHECY BY NAPOLEON. Organization in France of the I fayette Society of Sons of the Ameri can Revolution recalls a timely illus tration of the prophetic mind of Na poleeon. When thinking of ceding Louisiana to the United States he said: "To deliver the nations from the commer cial tyranny of England we must balance her by a maritime power which will one day become her rival; this is the United Stales." The period of rivalry has passed. The primacy of the commerccial world is now ours. The uniform sel fishness which characterized Eng land's dealings with her American colonies, her heartlessness in sweep ing our merchant marine off the seas during the civil war to preserve her supremacy through her coal and our cotton, has caught up at last with its deserts. Both the cotton and the coal of the world are ours and the cotton manufacture in which she has so long led without question will not be of paramount importance to her for eign trade after her coals are ex hausted. The genius of Napoleon was often prophetic, never more clearly or con sciously than in helping to build up American power. He lost to England in war. Time las won for his pur pose with the agencies of peace.-Chi cago Chronicle. FERGUSON GETS HIS PAY One of the many political deals en tered into last fall by the fusionists has just been consummated by the last provison attaching to it being carried out that is the obligation which one of the parties to it assumed has been dis charged. So far, as that particular deal is concerned the books balance. J. A. Ferguson has been given a job. Governor Toole and the fusion party owe him nothing more. When Ferguson withdrew as the labor party's candidate for governor it was taken for granted that he did so for a consideration, but what the recompense was to be nobody on the outside knew. A few of the gentle man's admirers resented the charge that he was prompted by a motive less exalted than a desire to help along the cause whose recognized leader he be came when honored with the nomina tion as the party's candidate for the highest office at the disposal of the state. Their loyalty was commenda ble, but as recent events go to prove, it was unworthily bestowed. Effort will now probably be made to make the gentleman's appointment ap pear in the light of a great victory for labor, and the claim may deceive a few, but put in plain English it is nothing more than a traitor's reward for his treason. The job which cul minated at Helena had .its inception when the state labor convention al lowed itself to play into the hands of the fusionists. The delegates were warned and the party knew what to expect, ;but blinded by the smooth manipulaiton of the politicians sent to treat with them, they allowed them selves to be sold out and did not seem to realize that they were the victims of deceit and treachery so apparent and plain that it was understood of all men. When too late the real laboring men now see how they were sold like chattles and all they can do is to curse the men who betrayed, and swear ven geance. But their rage is impotent and Shiffelbin, Brown and a few others who depended upon recognition can go back to their old positions and nurse the wrath they intend to visit upon those whom they hold responsi ble for their undoing. It is said that the Ferguson ap pointment was a great surprise to all his friends and acquaintances and that they did not know he had any aspira tions in that direction. No doubt this is true, for nobody engaged in the business that Mr. Ferguson was en gaged in when he withdrew his can didacy "for the good of the party" was ever known to tell the secrets of it or proclaim the nature of the re ward he was to obtain. In feeling ag grieved at Governor Toole, Brown and the other aspirants for the position that Ferguson got fail to realize that the governor acted honestly. He but kept a promise made and discharged a debt of honor, even if dishonorably contracted. They were good and faithful workers in the cause of fu sion, but they seem to forget that they were not in positions where they could have injured Mr. Toole's chances of success so materially as Ferguson could have done had he re mained irresponsive to persuasion and invulnerable to the temptation placed in his way. Starting out to do great thing, they, like many others, al lowed themselves to be seduced by promises and now that they have only the memory of those promises to compensate them for the disappoint ment and mortification they feel, they are not entitled to the sympathy or pity they may believe should go out to them. Had they themselves re mained true to the principles they ad vocated and insisted that as a political organization the labor party should stand on its own merits and if neces sary go down to defeat, they would probably enjoy greater respect than is now accorded them Taking ad vantage of their prominence they ad vocated fusion, when some of those in the ranks were opposed to it, and' carried it into successful operation. The fact that they are angry and sore because they failed to get an appoint ment shows what motives prompted them when they consented that their party should lose its identity and be swallowed by the nondescript, hybrid thing that carried the state. Fergu son seems to have been smarter than they. That's the only difference be tween them. REDUCING THE REVENUE. It would seem that the warning of the secretary of the treasury and the president is to go unheeded and that the senate intends to further reduce the revenue derived by the govern ment from the war tax. The reduc tion made by the bill which passed the house was greater by considerable than the maximum amount advised by the administration, and on top of this comes the announcement that the senate will make a still larger reduc tion. The finance committee has had the house bill under consideration ever since its passage and has held a number of meetings at which the bill has undergone the pruning process It was expected that the measure would be in shape for submission last Mon day, but the committee was unable to complete it. On behalf of the committee it is said that the total reduction will probably not be much in excess of that contemplated by the house, but that the reduction will be differently distributed. One of the conclusions reached by the committe is to reduce the tax on tobacco from 19 to 9 cents. A reduction is also to be made in the tax on cigars and snuff. All of these articles were left untouched by the house. If the decision of the senate committee becomes a law the reduc tion of revenue from these articles alone will be about $20,000,000. The appeal of the brewers is likely to go unheeded, the prevailing opinion be ing in favor of allowing the tax on beer to remain as it is. One of the items on which the committee seem ingly cannot agree is the tax on tele grams. Some of the members are in favor of reducing it to half a cent on each message and make the telegraph companies pay the tax. The proposi tion has not been accepted in its en tirety, but it is said that some sort of a reduction will be made. While everybody recognizes that a reduction in the war revenue should be made and the president so recom mended in his message, it does seem that it is not good policy or the part of wisdom to go to the extremes a cer tain element in congress thinks is proper. With matters remaining un settled in the Philippines and the nec esaity for retainaing a portion of the army in Cuba and Porto. Rico, it would seem that some source of rev enue other than the usual ones should be continued. Besides the expense at taohed so maintaining an increased Drugs . ..Drugs Special A Complete Attention Line of given to Perfumes, Physicians' Soaps, Combs and Prescriptions Brushes Day and Night. of all kinds. and widely scattered army, the ex penditures of the' government are con stantly increasing in other directions mnd will continue to do so for a long time to come. These expenditures will have to be met and no better means of raising the money seems to offer itself than in an internal revenue tax. The tax as now existing is pro nuctive of too much revenue and where it is burdensome should be re duced, but great care should be exer cised in making that reduction so that the lines marking prudence and good judgment are not overstepped. A NEW QUESTION, One of the questions now perplexing the congressional mind is as to the ac tion proper to take when Cuba shall have framed its constitution and pre sent it to congress for its considera tion. Under its recent decision in the Neely case the supreme court of the United States emphatically declares Cuba to be foreign territory and that it must be so regarded and recognized by this country. It is also true that the same decision declares that Cuba is territory held in trust for its inhab itants, to whom it rightfully belongs and to whose exclusive control it will be surrendered when a stable form of government shall have been estab lished by their voluntary action. It is possible that this may mean that the United States, or rather its con gress, shall be the judge of the stabil ity of any government the Cubans may see fit to erect for themselves. If such interpretation is given it then nothing exists to prevent congress from taking such action as it pleases, even to the extent of rejecting the constitution submitted and compel the adoption of another one. If this can be done once it can be done an in definite number of times and consti tutional conventions may become one of the regular institutions of Cuba. In the opinion of Representative Cooper, chairman of the house in sular committee, it is not for the con gress of the United States to pass upon the constitution, that being a preroga tive resting solely in the people of Cuba themselves. The most, he says, congress can do in the case is to adopt a resolution expressive of its views as to the sufficiency of the constitution in insuring a stable government. Ac cepting the opinion of the supreme court as law, and accept it we must, Mr. Cooper's opinion strongly sug gests itself as the right one and as ex pressing the view of a majority of those who have given thought to the subject. In sentiment it appeals par ticularly strong, as it is but proper that a people for whom this ration cared enough to engage in War for its freedom ought to be allowed to form its own government and do it without interference from us or any other power. ACCEPT THE OPINION. The county commissioners of Flat head have decided to accept the attor ney general's interpretation of the law and will go ahead and offer on the market the bond issue voted for at the last general election by the people of that county for a court house and jail Flathead found itself in the same po sition as Yellowstone, Silver Bow and several other counties in the state which voted on a bond issue. While a majority of the votes cast pn the prop osition were in favor of the bonds, they failed to receive a majority of the total vote registered at the elec tion, a fact that in the opinion of some authorities caused the question to fail. It was at the request of the commis sioners of Silver Bow that the attor ney general rendered the opinion upon which the commissioners. of Flathead county propose to act, unless enjoined by process of law. Commenting on the matter, the Inter Lake, published at Kalispell, the county seat of Flat head, says: Whether that opinion is sound in law or not, it certainly is sound sense. When a question is submitted to the voters of a county they have an oppor tunity to express. themselves on it, and if they fail to do so the fault is their own. To hold that every one who fails to vote on any question, either from carelessness or indifference, should be counted as voting against it, is pushing to the limit a legal technicality that may appeal to the lawyers, but will not to the ordinary citizen. Although the reading of the statute, and a strict construction of it, would bear out the theory that a majority of all votes is required in such cases, it is reasonable to suppose that the legislature did not intend any such thing as that. To hold so would make it next to impossible to provide for any public improvements requiring a vote at a general election, for in the general interest in othei matters the majority of voters are certain to lose sight of such things. It is to be hoped that the commis sioners of Flathead will go ahead and carry out their intention of issuing and offering the bonds. Some old moss back' and enemy to progress may be relied upon to take the matter up and force it into the courts and in that event it is reasonable to expect that the commissioners and those favoring the bonds, in case of their defeat in the district court, will appeal and the supreme court will then have an op portunity to pass on a question of so much importance to a number of coun ties. Some curiosity exists as to what purpose the First National bank of New York intends to put that judg ment it obtained againts Alvord. With the latter's wife compelled to keep boarders to support herself and children and the judgment debtor breaking rock under a thirteen years' engagement with the state, it would seem that the only value it possesses would be to frame it and hang it in the directors' room as an ever present warning to keep closer watch on fu ture note tellers. Bryan's statement that anyone may become a commoner who is willing by brain or muscle to contribute to the nation's greatness is probably in tended as a modest hint calling atten tion to his own contribution of man dibular muscularity. If current report is to be relied upon, Lord Roberts evidently neglect ed to furnish DeWet with a certified copy of his declaration which ended the war in South Africa. England's sorest affliction is still to come. Poet Laureate Austin has oiled his machine and it is at work grinding out a "poem" on the queen's death. Unless Mrs. Nation is put under restraint the saloon business in Kansas will soon become as dangerous as ser vice on the firing line. THE RECIPROCITY TREATIES Omaha Bee: Notwithstanding the plea made by President McKinley, in his annual message, for the ratifica tion of the reciprocity treaties, there appears to be small chance of their re ceiving the approval of the senate. It is possible that a few of them, to which there is substantially no oppo sition, may be ratified, but the indi cations are that a majority of them and perhaps all will fail of approval by congress, thus makihg futile all the arduous labor of the reciprocity commission and.defeating the purpose of the Dingley law for trade expan sion by means of reciprocity. It appears that very much hinges upon the Jamaican treaty, to which there is strong opposition. It is around this treaty, says of the Wash ington correspondent of the New York Journal of Commerce, that the prin cipal controversy has centered and nothing is likely to be done with any more of the treaties by the senate committee unless that with Jamaica is favorably reported. It is not quite clear why the failure of this conven tion should have any effect upon the others, but the impression seems to be that if one is rejected all will be. If, as alleged, the treaty with Jamaica is a rather one-sided arrangement, secur ing less to the United States than the concessions made by this country, it should be reieoted or withdrawn for modification, but this should not affect any other treaty deemed to be fair and equitable. The failure of the senate to ratify the reciprocity treaties, or at any rate the more important of them, will be a very . damaging blow to the prinoiple for which the republican pasty has long contended. It might have the effect of rendering almost impossible treaties of this kind hereafter.