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ASKS PERTINENT QUESTIONS.
Mr. Stull Hints That All Is Not as It Should Be at Insane'Asylum. Representative G. d. Stull of this county, who has introduced a bill pro viding for the erection of a building and the maintenance of the state's insane patients, and was also instru mental in having a special commit tee appointed from among the mem bers of the house to investigate the conduct of the state insane asylum, which is run under contract, has ad dressed the committee a letter, asking that the following subjects be gone into in the investigation: "Have they a warden to each seven male patients and one to each five fe male patients as required in modern institutions? Are the attendants bona fide, or are they employes of the hotel? "Is there a woman physician and if there is not, why not? "Have male attendants ever been called upon to assist in dressing and undressing female patients? "Are the female patients given baths separately and was there ever a time when there was no look on the bathroom door ? "Have insane patients ever been sent to points distant from the insti tution, without attendants, to work? Are able-bodied patients ever de luded with the belief that tLey are on the payroll and required to perform hard manual labor in that belief? "Are patients ever employed by the day in the hayfield ? "Are patients ever buried in graves containing water, and wrapped in worn-out comforters that are replaced at the expense of the state? "Are burials ever conducted by in sane men unaccompanied by attend ants? "Are patients allowed to visit a saloon nearby, and was a patient who got drunk ever assaulted by the I 'bouncer' of the institution? "Were two patients ever burned at the institution through the carelessness of the atendants? "Was the institution ever threatened with a damage suit for maltreatment of a patient who was afterward a com missioned officer in the Philippine campaign ? "Was there a time when one warden had the sole care of eighteen female patients, except for the assistance giv en her occasionally by the male t warden ? "If the contractors can afford large outlays, why cannot the state save money by caring for its own insane ? 'Would the members of the com mittee like to have their insane friends, if they had any, cared for by 1 the week?" -- - -_______ t JAMES MARTIN IS A FAKE. No Longer Represents Mutual Reserve Fund Life Association. There has been operating in this county one James Martin, claiming to represent the Mutual Reserve Fund Life Association of New York. Mar tin has met with splendid success for he has insured a number of people, re ceiving sums ranging from about $30 to $60 from each insured. It seems that instead of being an authorized agent, he is a fake, for he is no longer connected with the association and has not been for some time. Instead of remitting to the association the prem iums on the applications secured he has appropriated the money to his own use, and the applicants are left out in the cold. The attention of Dr. A. Clark, ex amining physician for the company, was first called to the peculiar ac tions of Martin by the latter not prop erly filling out his medical blanks. The doctor spoke to him about the omissions and he passed the matter off in a careless manner. Being sus picious Dr. Clark wrote the chief office at Winnipeg, redeiving the fol ·lowing reply: "Winnepeg, Canada, Feb. 4, 1901 Andrew Clark, M. D., Billings, Mon tana. Dear Doctor: Your esteemed favor of the 80th ult., received. Re plying thereto would say that the James Martin to whom you have ref erence was long since instructed not to operate fpr the Mutual Reserve in Montana and he has been doing so con trary to instructions and in the knowledge that I would not be re sponsible for his actions financially or otherwise. "Very truly yours, "A. R. McNiohol, "Manager and Local Treasurer." FORMERLY OF BILLINGS. Representative Robert Brownlea of Sweetgrass county was formerly a resident of Billings, locating here in April, 1881. He engaged in the sheep business with his brother-in-law, James B. Elliot, now of Billings but then of Fergus county. In the spring of.1890 he sold his interest and after an extended visit in the east came back to Montana in November of that year and located at Melville, engag ing in blacksmithing. He has carried on a general blacksmith business since that time until a month ago, when he sold out to Charles Heisler of Poplar, Mont. He has been interested in sheep raising since 1895 with George Tay lor, their ranch being located 85 miles north of Big Timber. He bought Mr. Taylor's interest in Ootober last and is at present engaged in that quiet though profitable occupation. He became a oitizen of the United States in October, 1894, declaring his intentions of doing so in 1889. In politics Mr. Brownlee has always been a republican, believing in the prinoi ples of the party and using all his in fluence in its behalf. ASKED TO WITHDRAW OBJECTIONS' Billings and Sheridan Citizens Telegraph to Representative Mondell. A delegation of prominent citizens and business men of Billings went to Sheridan, Wyo., Friday to have con ference with the citizens of that place in regard to the opposition of Repre sentative Mondell of Wyoming on the Crow Indian treaty bill, the particn lars of which have already been pub lished in The Gazette. The conference with the Sheridan people resulted in learning that they had nothing whatever to do with Mr. Mondell's opposition, and but very few knew of the opposition. The Sheridan people showed the Billings delegation that their hearts were in the right place by sending Mr. Mon dell a dispatch to the effect that they were not averse to the bill as it had been introduced. The Billings delegation, which in cluded Paul McCormick, J. E. Ed wards, Mayor Yegen, P. B. Moss, H. W. Rowley, C. O. Gruwell, W. B. George, F. B. Connelly, H. G. Will iams and H. B. Segar, returned yes terday morning. A meeting of several business men was held in the Billings club yesterday afternoon, and a mes sage was sent to Senator Thos. H. Carter urging him to use all means in his power to have the opposition to the bill in the house withdraw their objections. A message was also sent Mr. Mondell stating that the Sheri dan people were not averse to the bill, and requesting him to withdraw his objections. Mr. Mondell's objections were based on the fact that no arrangements have been made in the treaty to secure right-of-way for irrigating ditches across the unceded portion of the res ervation on the Big Horn river to the ceded portion. Mr. Cannon, chairman of the house committee on appropriations, has offered what will probably be con sidered the strongest objection in the eyes of the east, and gives the bill a black eye, characterizing it as a scheme to bunco the government out of $1,100,000. CHINESE HIGH FEAST. Their New Year Comes on St. Valen tine's Day. New Year's day for the Chinese na ention will come February 14, St. Val entine's day. According to the Chi nese mode of reckoning time, this world is now in the twenty-four thousandth year of its existence. It is a peculiar fact that a Chinaman never gets so far away from his native land, or lives so long in a foreign country, that he forgets to celebrate the advent of the new year. As with most other countries, the Chinese manner of celebrating this event is based upon their religious belief. However, as their religion differs as widely as possible from that of other nations, the -annual celebration is looked upon by many outsiders as a period of universal insanity among the Chinese people. Residents of cities having within their limits but a small number of Celestials are not as a rule aware of the fact that a celebration is carried on under their very noses the 14th of every February. It is, never theless, but it is done so quietly that no attention is attracted. In instan ces of this kind the observance con sists mainly of religious doings, and consecration to their gods, which are not often seen by nations of a country other than China. In the larger Chinese colonies the New Year's orgies are carried on to an almost inconceivable extent. Fire works, the pride of the Chinaman, are consumed by the wagon load. For eign and native liquors are drunk to add zest to the performances. Fights, grotesque dances, wild, unearthly yells and the horrible sound of Chi nese musical instruments unite to form a species of noise, by no means to be despised. Such scenes as these are witnessed by the visitor to China town on Chinese New Year's eve. They are followed the next day by a quietness which would hardly be ex pected. The Chinamen finish the celebration by taking a good, long hit at the pipe and awake the day after fully convinced that they have fol lowed strictly the teachings of Con fucious. In 1884 the Chinese part of Seattle was in such an uproar as to almost create a riot. Many other instances of the kind have happened in the United States. New Year's day to the Chi nese is what the Fourth of July is to the American, only with greater vigor and with slight variations in the method of commemoration. At this period of the year the Chi nese habitations all undergo a kind of renovation, due largely to the burn ing of incense and sacricfies to the idols and gods to be found in every one of their places of abode. TEACHERS' EXA MINATION. The regular county examination for teachers will be held at my office in the court house Friday, February 15, 1901, beginning at 9 a. m. and continuing on Saturday, February 16. 82-4 Marguerite M. Strang, County Superintendent of Schooles SEVEN YEARS IN BED. "Will wonders never cease?" inquire the friends of Mrs. L. Pease of Lawrence, Kan. They knew she had been unable to leave her bed in seven years on ac count of kidney and hver trouble, nerv ous prostration and general debility; but "Three bottles of Electric Bitters en abled me to walk," she writes, "and in three months r felt like a new person." Women suffering from Headache, Back ache, Nervousness, Sleeplessness, Melan choly, Fainting and Dizay Spells will find it a priceless blessing. Try it. Sat isfaction is guaranteed. Chapple Drug Co. Only 50o. S. WHERE PEOPLE ARE SOCIABLE. h At Club Meetings, Weddings and Other Society Affairs. s Consolidations seem to be the order of the day among the organizations of I 9 Billings. The Woman's club, which - has been in existence for the past. 3 three years, held its regular monthly meeting at the home of Mrs. J. D. - Matheson Monday afternoon at which time the members voted to disband the organization, and reorganize under the name of the Billings Woman's club. The change was Sdeemed advisable in order to limit s the membership and abandon the use of the old constitution which was not found conductive to efficient club work. The present members of the I club will be charter members of the Billings Woman's club. The missionary society of the Con gregational church met at the home of Mrs. J. R. Goss Monday afternoon. The hour set apart for study was de voted to the island of Ceylon. Seve ral interesting articles on the country ' Iand its missions were read. The an nual election of officers also took place with the following result: Mrs. W. I D. Clark, president; Mrs. H. B. Segur, vice-president; Mrs. J. P. Davis, secretary; Mrs. J. W. Vaughan, treasurer. Mrs. Goss served light re freshments. The next meeting will be held at the home of Mrs. H. B. Segur. Martin Gates of Billings and Ava Sayles of Galena, Ill., were united in marriage at Butte Wednesay, and nr rived here Friday to reside. The groom is a well known youngman of I this city, having been engaged in the grocery department of Yegen Bros. store for several years. The bride was a resident of Billings for some time, but of late has been living with a sister in Butte. Miss Panton gave a progressive whist party at her home on Montana avenue Thursday night to which about thirty-five guests were invited. Miss Chris Fraser and J. R. Goss won the most games of the evening and were awarded a beautiful china cream and sugar set and a book "Sky Pilot," re spectively. Dainty refreshments were served. The Royal Highlanders held a social session Tuesday evening after the reg ular business had been transacted. They were visited by the ladies' aux iliary, the members appearing in the Highlander costumes. Social conver sation followed by refreshments caused the evening hours to disappear altogether too rapidly. The Woodmen of the World have is sued invitations for tneir banquet to be held in the Smith hall next Thurs day night, February 14. Arrange ments are being made to entertain about 200 guests. Music will be fur nished by an orchestra and the S O K M quartette. - * * * a The Central hall, the new entertain ment hall for Billings, was opened Thursday night with a reception and ball under the supervision of Prof. M. C. Aker, the new dancing teacher. t The entertainment was well attended and an enjoyable time had by all. t The Magic Circle Women of Wood craft, auxiliary to the Woodmen of the World lodge, will give a ball in the court house next Tuesday night. t The ladies are meeting with good suc cess in the sale of tickers. Mr. and Mrs. J. B.'Herford delight- v fully entertained another party of friends Wednesday evening at domino o whist. At the conclusion of the card m playing delicious refreshments were served. METHODISTS TO MEET. Ninth Session of District Conference Will Be Held at Bozeman. The ninth session of the Bozeman district conference of the Methodist church will be held in Bozeman March 13 to 17, inclusive. The conference will begin Tuesday evening, March 12, with services in the Methodist church, conducted by Rev. G. H. Feese, followed by an address "Twentieth Century Chistian Citizen ship," delivered by F. M. Byam, and ending with a reception to the Epworth League workers and others. Wednes day, March 13, will be Epworth League day; Thursday, Sunday school day and Friday, Saturday and Sunday will be given up to the general work and exercises of the district confer ence. Montana is divided into two dis trict conferences, that of Bozeman and Helena, and these conferences meet annually in one of the several cities of the district. The general conference of the Methodist church of Montana only meets once in four years. The coming conference will probably be well attended by delegates from every Epworth League in the distriot, as well as by every minister of the denomination. President Thomas Van Scoy and Financial Agent L. H. Michel, of the Montana Wes leyan university, will be present to as sist in the conference and represent the interest of the university. Rev. T. B. cFord, D. D., of Eugene, Ore., and presiding elder of the Eugene dis trict of the Oregon conference, has been secured to deliver a series of lec tures to preachers. The arrangements for the conference are under the charge of Rev. Henry A. James, pre siding elder, Riev. George H. Feese, pastor, and RBe. George D. King. COURT OF ARBITRATION August Body Ready to Consid er International Disputes. WORLD'S HIGHEST TRIBUNAL. List of Members of The Hague Tri bunal Issued by the State Depart ment-Members Have Been Appoint ed by Fifteen Nations. Embreaing All the Maritime Powers. The permanent court of arbitration provided for by the convention signed at The Hague on July 29. 1899, is now ready to consider any International dis pute that may be presented. Easily the highest tribunal in the world, with the most numerous and eminent bench of any court ever projected, this single fruition of the czar's peace conference has Just been completely organized for CZAR OF RUSSIA. business, and the state department officially issued the other day the very interesting roster of its membership. Including its secretaries, writes the Washington correspondent of the New York Tribune. F'ifteen nations, em bracing all the maritime powers, have appointed their memibers, and only a few countries compaantively insignifl cant as internationatl factors are un represented. These are Bulgaria. Mon tenegro, Persia. Siam and Switzerland. The official roster is as follows: AUSTRIA- IiUNGARY. Hi. excellency Count P'rederic Schonborn, LL. D., president of the impn rial royal court of ad ministrative justice, former Austrian minister of Justice, member of the house of lords of the Aus trian parliament, etc. His excellency Mr. D. de Seilagyi. ex-minister of justice, member of the house of deputies of the Hungarian parlianment. Count Albert Apponyi. member of the chamber of magnates andi of the chamber of deputies of the Hungarian parliament, etc. Mr. Henri fammasch. I.L. D., member of the house of lords of the Austrian parliament, etc. BELCIUMI. His excellency Mr. Beernaert, minister of state, member of the chamber of renresentatives, etc. His excellency llaron Lambermlont. minister of state. envoy extraordinary and minister plenipo tentiary. secretary-general of the ministry of for eign affairs. The Chevalier Descamps. senator. Mr. Rolin Jacquemyns, ex-minister of the in terior. DENMARK. Professor H. Matzen, LL. D., professor of the Copenhagen- university, counselor extraordinary of the supreme court, president of the landsthing. FP.ANCE. M. Leon Bourgeois, deputy, ex-president of the cabinet council, ex-minister for foreign affairs. M. de Laboulaye, ex-embassador. Baron Destournelles de Constant, minister plen ipotentiary, deputy. M. Louis Renault. minister plenipotentiary, pro fessor in the faculty of law at Paris, law office of the department of foreign affairs. GERMANY. His excellency Mr. Bingner, LL. D., privy coun cilor, senate president of the imperial high court at Leipsic. Mr. von Frantzius, privv councilor, solicitor of the department of foreign affairs at Berlin. Mr. von Martitz. LL. D., associate justice of the superior court of administrative justice in Prussia. professor of lawv at the Berlin university. Mr. von Bar. LL. D., judicial privy councilor. professor of law at the Gottingen university. GREAT BRITAIN. His excellency the Right Hon. Lord Pauncefote of Preston, G. C. B., G. C. M. G., privy coun cillor, embassador at Washington. The Right Hon. Sir Edward Baldwin Malet, ex embassador. The Right Hon. Sir Edward Fry, member of the privy council. Q. C. Professor John Westlake, LL. D., Q. C. ITALY. His excellency Count Constantin Nigra, senator of the kingdom, embassador at Vienna. His excellency Commander Jean Baptiste Pagano Guarnaschelli. senator of the kingdom, first presi dent of the court of cassation at Rome. His excellency Count Tornielli Brusati di Ver gano, senator of the kingdom, embassador at Paris. Commander Joseph Zanardelli, attorney at law. deputy to the national parliament. JAPAN. Mr. I. Motono, envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary at Brussels. =I-PRESIDRNT RARRIBON. [Chief American representative.] Mr. H. Willard Denison. law offlcer of the min later for foreign affairs at Tokyo. NETHERLANDS Mr. T. M. C. asmer, LL. D., member of the councll of state. ex-professor of the University of Amsterdam. Mr. F. B. Coninek Liefsting, LL. D., president sf the court of cassation. Jonkheer A. F. de Savorman Lohman, IL. D., re-minister of the interior, ea-professor of the Free University of Amsterdam, member of the lower house of the states genersl. Jonkheer G. L N. H Rusia de Beerenbrouek. ea-minister of jusice,. ,ummsiljoner of the queen la the province of Limtsusrg PORTUGAL Count de Macedo. peer of the realm, esn mnlater uIC Ac D IRO TI E 00 C D "B"" Reumatism $oiatica LnmbegN , i u oneJ J a t. Yo, can. rem ove e , th ee nsea y REX RHGUIr7 ATIC RINGS, PRICE $2.oo00. They are sold under a written guarantee, A postal card will bring you a booklet telling all J. FORESTER, AGENT, BILLINGS, MONTANA. : Manufactured by Rex Rheumatic Co., Hartford, Conn. 80s.On . First National Bank OF BILLINGS, MONTANA. I PAID-UP CAPITAL, - - $150,000 SURPLUS - - - 10,000 j P. B. Moss, President. S. F. MORSE, Cashier. iS. G. REYNOLDS, Assistant Cashier. DIRECTORS i G. W. WOODSON, P. B. Moss, Jos. ZIMMERMAN, M. A. ARNOLD, S. F. MORSE. Transact a General anking Business---Colections Promptly Made and Remitted For Transact a General Banking Business---Collections Prolmptly Made and Remitted For at marine and colonfe., envoy extraoronary ano minister plenipotentiary at Madr.l. ROUMANIA. Mr. Theodore Rosetti, senator, esl-president of the high court of cassation and justice. Mr. Jean Kalindero, administrator of the crown domain, ex-judge of the high court of caseation and justice. Mr. Eugene Statsco, ex-president of the senate, ex-minister of justice and foreign affairs. Mr. Jean N. Lahovari, deputy, ex-envoy ex traordinary and minister plenipotentiary, el-min ister of foreign affairs. RUSSIA. Mr. N. .. Muravieff, minister of justice, active privy councilor, secretary of state of his majesty the emperor. Mr. C. P. Pobedonostzeff, attorney general of the most holy synod, active privy councilor, sec retary of state of his majesty the emperor. .iTr. t. T. TrIsch, president of thle department of ýgislation of the imperial council, active privy councilor, secretary of state of his majesty the emperor. Mr. de Martens, privy councilor, permanent member of the council of the ministry of foreign affairs. SPAIN. His excellency the Duke of Tetuan, ex-uminister of foreign affairs. senator of the kingdom, grandee of Spain. Mr. lienvenido Oliver, director general of the ministry of justice, ex-de!egate of Spain to the conference on private international law at The Hague. Dr. Manuel Torres Campos, professor of inter national law at the University of Grenada, asso ciatc member of the institute of international law. SWEDIN AND NORWAY. Mr. S. R. D. It. d'O;iveerona, member of the Internatioaal Law institute, ex-assoeiate justice of the suprtme court of the kingdom of Sweden. doctor of laws and letters at Stockholm. lMr. G. Gram, ex-minister of state of Norway. governor of the province of Hamar, Norway. UNITED STATES. Mr. Benjamin Harrison, ex-president of the United States. Mr. Melville W. Fuller, chief justice of the United States. Mr. John W. Griggs, attorney general of the United States. Mr. George Gray, United States circuit judge. TIHE ADMINISTRATIVE COUNCIL. The administrative council consists of the min later for foreign affairs of the Netherlands and the diplomatic representatives at The Hague of the ratifying powers. Secretary-general, Mr. R. Melvil, Baron Van Leyden. judge of the district court of Utrecht and a member of the first chamber of the states gen eral. First secretary of the court, J. J. Rochussen. Second secretary of the court, Jonkheer W. Roell. GREAT DISCOVERYIN DAKOTA Earth Which IM Found In but PFel Places In America. A new material will soon be placed among the rare things mined from the Black Hills. Fuller's earth is a valua ble material, found in but few places in America. The finest quality is found in England, which is practically the world's supply. Recently a large de posit of this material has been found in the Black Hills, and it most closely resembles that found in England of any deposit in America, says the Bos ton Transcript. The fuller's earth of the Black Hills contains from 60 to 75 per cent silica, with from 15 to 25 per cent water after being sun dried. The fuller's earth of the hills is generally found in shallow basins covered by a few feet of surface soil. Below this is a layer of plasticlay from 2 to 6 feet thick, and theW layers of fuller's earth from 2 to 12 feet thick overlying a bed of sand. Fuller's earth is dug out and allowed to remain in the sun, where it undergoes a certain amount of bleaching, turning from a greenish col or to a creamy white and losing about 50 per cent of its weight. The United States produces a con siderable amount of fuller's earth, something like 20,000 tons a year. The discovery of a superior grade of the earth in the Black Hills will mean, in a short time, the adding of another raw material to the already long list found In the hills. Eastern parties are negotiating for the deposit of limestone, called by some alabaster, that has been found in Custer county. The stone is found in a 30 foot ledge, and when it Is quar ried It Is soft enough to be cut into any shape desired. After being exposed to the air it becomes hard and takes a beautiful polish. The quarry is being opened by two Deadwood men. Quite Safe. She--Have you any strawberries? Dealer-Yes'm. Here they are-S1.50 per box. bhe-Goodnessi They're miserable looking and so green! Dealer-1 know. ma'am, but there san't enough in a box to do you any Larm.-Philadelphia Prea;s MOKI TEA POSITIVELY CURES. Sick headache, indigestion and constipa tion. A delightful herb drink. Removes all eruptions of the skin, producing a perfect complexion, or money refunded. 25 cts. and 50 cts. For sale by Chapple Drug Co. EVERYTHING IN PHOTOGRAPHS IUNT From the CHEAPEST that is good. To the BEST that is made. Red sFOR Red Supprsd - Mnstruatlru Cross PAINFUL Andi DPR VENTWB ;s P ills UWi -EGII~dntlT=ý Are Safe and Reliable. 1g* Perfectly Harmiass The L S Purely VeKe PRICE$l. OO .. , Sernt postpaid on receipt of price. Money refunded if not as w "" fin do Cinchona Co, Des Moines. Iowa. DR. SELBREDE, _- z S.. -I Parlors over Iint iv O Ch pple DrugCo, 'ngS,iit. FC CCo sE s American Beauties. We have them in all styles and dhaFes to fit every figure, and every } corset is sold' under this most liberal warrant "Money refunded after four weeks' trial if corset is not satisfactory." Look for this Trade Mark on inside of corset and on box. K.LAMAZOO CORSET CO. Sole Makers. Kalamazoo, Mich. FOR SALE BY J N. MoCRACKEN & SONS. P. i. Smith& Co. Undertakers a.d Embalmers. Undertaking Parlors 114 N. Twenty-Seventh St.. Telephone 2o. Calls Atdsd rI