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The Billings Gazette.
SBE1-II[IEEKLY. Gazette Printing Company, Publishers E. H. BICKER. Editor. Official City and County Paper. Subecription 1Rates. One year, in advance..........$3.00 (6 x months....................... 1.50 Single copies............ ....... 05 Entered at the Billings Postoffice as Second Class Matter. TUESDAY, FEB. 12, 1901. STULL WAS RIGHT. of Representative Stull's effort in the o direction of making the state the op owner of an asylum for the insane has m" resulted in some good. An investiga tion is to be made of the institution at at which Montana farms out one class a of its unfortunates. It is true that of such investigations have been ordered y in the past, but as Mr. Stull charged, pr they have never been productive of pa anything, except disturbed digestive Op organs and aching heads on the part th of the members of the investigating committees appointed by the legisla- wi ture, as the quantity of edibles and the s prodigality of wine served the mem bers by the contractors were too much fo for ordinary legislators to consume to and do aught else. Mr. Stull's motion that the house gr appoint the investigating committee co gave offense to the speaker, who m showed that exaltation to position di does not always relieve the mind of of pettiness, by bluntly announcing that W: he had intended to appoint Mr. Stull tr as a member of the committee, but bl would not do so now. Of course, it is th the prerogative of the speaker to ap- in point whomsoever he chooses, but good taste should have prompted him is to refrain from exressing himself as ar he did. Mr. Stull felt that he had gi just cause of complaint and the motion he made was evidence of his earnest ness and sincerity of desire to apply remedy to an evil which he considered D should receive attention. Further- Ji more, in view of past experience in P' the same direction he was justified in C "making the motion, and this, too, without desiring to cast reflection on i1 the gentleman who fills the speaker's f' chair. Second thought probably would ti have caused the latter to view the h matter in the same light. Had the e motion prevailed and the question of 1i appointing the committee been left h to the house itself, then, no matter o what the report of the committee or what the action of the members, he t1 would be free from suspicion and no one could charge'him with having ap pointed men overfriendlly to the con- r tractors or in whose probity and hon esty full confidence could not be t placed. It is a notorious fact, as Mr. Stull d said, that for years past either one of the contractors themselves or some body connected with them has been ar member of the legislature for appar ently no other purpose than to defeat legislation calculated to change the existing method of caring for the in sane. It is equally as well known that for some reason the contractors seem to have some special influence over legislatures that causes them to be considered superior to the other mortals with whom the state transacts business and that to disturb existing conditions would be little short of vandalism. Two years ago responsible parties submitted bids for the care of the insane, but they received no con sideration. The power of their influ ence and the "pull" they possessed lacked the potency of that manipulat ed by the gentlemen of Warm Springs, and the contract was awarded as be fore. Realizing that it is useless to enter into competition with parties so powerful as to make legislature after legislature subjective to their will and influence nobody cares to undertake the trouble of submitting bids at what is supposed to be open competition, but which in reahty seems to be only a matter of going through a form adopted and perfected years ago and which age has so sanctified that oppo sition to it is regarded in certain quar ters as sacrilege. OPPOSITION TO CROW TREATY. . The Congressional Record of last Monday contains the lemarks made in the lower house of congress bearing upon the subject of the Crow Indian treaty bill Representative Lacey of Iowa championed the bill, in the ab -enoe of the Montana representative at Washington, while Cannon of Illinuiu Snd Mondell of Wyoming opposed itE p.asage. Mr. Cannon characterized N pending 'measure as a scheme tc bunco the government out of $1,100, 000 and Mr. Mondell objected to it on the ground that provision is not made for right-of-way for irrigating ditches throuh the Indian reservation along the Big Horn river south of Fort Custer. People who are perfoctly fa miliar with the territory porposed to be ceded know that the objections raised by these gentlemen (Messrs. Cannon and Mondell) are not well grounded, but that to overcome the objections made will require a great effort on the part of the friends of the treaty in congress. Mr. Cannon is chairman of the house committee on appropriations, a position that carries with it a great deýl of weight and in fluence, and even were Mr. Mondell in favor of the measure, which appears of so vital importance to the people of this section of Montana, it is doubt ful if the bill could be passed with the opposition of the chairman of the com mittee on appropriations. The failure of the Crow treaty bill at this session of congress would prove a great disappointment to the people of eastern Montana who have patient ly waited for years for the president's proclamation declaring the northern part of the Crow Indian reservation open for white settlement. But as this writer has long since contended, The Gazette believes that the mistake was made when the treaty commis sioners agreed that the government should pay the Iudians a dollar an acre for all the land the Indians consented to cede under the treaty contract. Mr. Cannon would not find near as much ground for objection had the treaty commissioners exercised a little com mon sense and insisted that the In dians accept 50 cents an acre, the basis of nearly all former treaties made with Indians in the northwest. If the treaty fails of enactment into law the blame rests to a great extent with those who weie instrumental in shap ing and promulgating that document for congress to enact into law. That is the essence of the whole difficulty and there is no use of trying to dis guise the fact. NEWSPAPER CHANGE. a The last issue of the Carbon County ea Democrat contains the valedictory of sti Judge J. D. Matheson, founder of the H paper, who has disposed of it to S. D. w: Charles, recently of Portland, Ore. in Judge Matheson leaves the readers in gs ignorance as to his intentions for the so future, but it is safe to say that the li' time is not distant when he will be vi heard from again in connection with ti some moulder of pulbic opinion, at le least his friends hope so, for barring re his misguided political belief, he is P* one of the ablest and most entertaining ti writers who have given rank to Mon- st tana journalism. His successor on el the Democrat is very modest in his P1 salutatory and is content with declar- tJ ing that instead of making promises o: he will work and by his work allow si the public to judge of him. While ei The Gazette regrets to note the ab- u dication of Judge Matheson, it ex- b tends fraternal greetings to his succes- ti sor and hopes that he will find his c new relations as pleasant and agree- n able as did the courteous and scholar- g ly gentleman who preceeded him. n VICTORY FOR UNITED STATES. The United States has won a de- i cided victory in the boundary dispute r with Canada. The report of the joint a commission appointed two years ago a to survey the' boundary line between i this country and British America in a Alaska has just been completed and c duplicate copies have been filed with I the department of state at Washington I and with the governor-general at Ottawa. The commission was unani-I mous in its conclusions. In the re port the United States gets about nine- I tenths of the disputed terryory. The 1 Chilcoot and White passes are made the actual or political boundaries. By the terms of the convention the Americans who live north of the line suffer no diminution of the rights and privileges they now enjoy. The Canadians lose what they urged most insistently belonged to them, the Lynn canal. This the United States disputed, contending that the bound n ary line ran around the head of that , body of water. The new surveys not only justify the contentions of this government in that respet, but they actually take the boundary line twen ty-five miles north of the canal and above where navigation even with t canoes is possible. n Nothing further is to be done in the g matter until both governments agree n to a permanent survey, as the one on ºf which report has been made was - understood to be only temporary. In it view of the fact that the report was is unanimous and the desire continually ms manifested by Great Britain to check d Canadian claims that bore evidence of o I being based on grounds not oapable of a reasonable degree of proof, it is very ti probable tha the accuracy of the tern- iI porary survey will never be ques- g tioned and that it will be allowed to I stand indefinitely. This probability f. is strengthened by the further fact c that neither of the two governments d has any good reason to be dissatisfied t with the conduct of the commission. s TREASONABLE NEVERTHELESS. a As was to be expected, the demo- t cratic newspapers are rushing to the defense of Wilcox, elected delegate to congress from the Hiwaiian islands, against whom the charge is made that r because of treasonable utterances he , should not be allowed to occupy his c seat, if a delegate can be said to have o a seat. Wilcox is an adventurer and , soldier of fortune who has drifted c about the world and attached himself g to any and everybody of influence or I power willing to tolerate him. Tak- t ing advantage of their prejudicies p he managed to havQ himself elected on a the ticket of the natives. To still n further strengthen his hold on them r, he openly and repeat3dly expressed a himself as opposed to this govern- h ment and went so far as to write a , letter to Aguinaldo in which he c pledged his services to him. But he c did not go any further, lacking the r physical courage to expose himself to the danger incident to the service a performance of which he so bluntly d announced himself prepared to under- 1 take. t His democratic defenders claim 1 that because he did not actually go to e the Philippines and join the Tagal i army the charge of treason made c against him falls. They overlook the s fact that all men who have been traitors have not grasped sword or shouldered gun and fought against the t country or nation that was the object i of their treason. History records many instances of that kind in this country. For cases of that sort it is 1 not necessary to go back any further than the civil war. Record exists of individuals who were arrested and imprisoned for the very thing that Wilcox is guilty of. One of those was a man intimately connected with the early history of at least three northern states bordering on the Mississippi. He had been a friend of Jeff Davis when that individual was an officer in the army. When the rebellion be gan and Davis took side with the south the man referred to, then still living in the north, offerred the ser vices, not of himself, but of his sons to the Confederacy. For this and the letters he wrote to Davis he was ar rested and incarcerated in a military prison on the charge of giving aid to the enemy. Because of his former services to the country and the influ ence he possessed he was not further punished. The simple fact, however, that the government took cognizance of his acts to the extent that it did shows that it did not consider it nec essary to postpone action in his case until he had joined the southern army before he would be apprehended for treason. His case and that of the half s caste Hiwaiian are identical and is - merely cited to show that Wilcox is - guilty of treason, even though he did not enlist in Aguinaldo's army and beat arms against the government. The Gazette is willing to admit that - it is not likely that the charge will be e pressed against him to the extent of t an effort to deprive him of his rights o as delegate. This government and a particularly the present administration n are noted for their clemency to fellows d of his kind. Were it otherwise such h men as Pettigrew would not be al n lowed to sit in the halls of congress t and daily utter the treasonable senti - ments they express. Under any other - government or any other administra -tion of this government they would e be held accountable and instead of be. e ing permitted to act a lawmakers they y would be treated as lawbreakers, e violates of the highest law of the e land, and punished accordingly. Con t tempt for the government is so thoroughly ingrained in the average d democratic editor that heanever mises oe an opportunity to show it himself or es applaud it when manifested by d- another. The present instance only at affords example of the act. Custer county may be rightfully designated as the mother of eastern Montana counties. So far no fewer than four or five have been cut from Custer's once magnificent proportions, and still its area is greater than that ofsome of the richest and most den sely populated states in the union. As Adam did not suffer because of the loss of the rib from which his help mate was created, so does not Custer seem to be any the worse for surren doring portions *f itself that other counties may be created. Its latest offspring is Rosebud county. For years "old Ouster" frustrated all at tempts of the ambitious "kid" to leave " the parental roof and face the great, cold world on its own account. Finally tired of the persistent mani festation of discontent and continued chafing at restraint, the old lady with drew her obj&otions. Rosebud is now the baby county of the state, but if its sponsors are to be believed the child will soon take rank with its mother and like her be a credit and honor to the state. RECIPROCITY IN BUSINESS. tic With characteristic loyalty and pat riotism the newspapers of the state, with few exceptions, have taken the 3ause of home industry and protection of home interests and are engaged in a vigorous crusade against the practice of sending away from home for dry goods, clothing, groceries and the al many other articles of merchandise to bhat enter into the daily lives of the people of the state. In doing so all sh ire prompted by the same unselfish motive. They desire to see their at respective communities prosperous in nd growing. They want those who have established themselevs in busi- B ness, the men who pay taxes and li aense, patronized, that they may re .eivo returns on their investments and ce prosper so that all may prosper in M proportion as money is spent at home and circulated among those who pro- tc iuce it. Of course, the object is a laudable one and the natural supposi tion would be that it is appreciated by those in whose behalf the newspap ers are raising their voice and whose er interests they so vigorously seek to st conserve. Very often, however, as of almost every publisher in the state am can testify, such is not the case; tr Often it occurs that those most bene fitted regard the newspapers as per- T forming no more than a duty they owe g, to their communities and would ex- pl press surprise that any person should s have the temerity to hint at such a thing as reciprocity. They have an grown so accustomed to seeing the a newspapers champion every interest tl of the communities in which they are* published that they regard it as a b matter of course and something they ti have the right to expect, or if need be A demand. They forget, or probably b have never thought of it at all, that b others besides themselevs are engaged t in business and enterprises requiring t. money for their successful conduct v and that like themselves they are de pendent upon the revenue derived by ° patronage for the means of the needed t income. They regard it as no more s than right and proper that newspapers should inveigh against the custom of I buying by catalogue and sending money to houses in tly east that never spend a penny in the 'state. They do not, however, think that in return the newspapers should expect application of the principle to themselves. While they expect others to patronize them and consider it wrong if they send abroad for their merchandise, they do not think it wrong if they decline to subscribe to the home newspaper, but instead take some foreign publication because it is "bigger and cheaper." For the sake of saving the difference in price they are content to read news three or four days, sometimes a week old. For the same reason they do not advertise and by advertising tell the public what they have to sell and at what prices. The Great Falls Leader a few days ago published the following which applies to Billings, Butte, Helena or any other town in the state as well as to the place in which it was first made public: Andrew Thisted made a pretty good point at a merchants meeting the other night when he spoke of people sending away for their goods. What he said was all so and it is a shame that people will do this, instead of spending their money in their own town and helping their own people. The merchants of Great Falls pay taxes and also pay license for doing business and they should be supported. You often hear people say that they send awi y becanse they cannot buy the gooas they want here. This, if it Sis true, is either because they have not tried or because the merchant has rnot advertised his goods sufficiently, Por in the right way to let people v kow what he has on hand. This latter is not always the case, bunt it is the seat of the trouble about nine times out of ten. ? The merchants look to the people to Ii patronize them and should take pains r to let people know just what they may Spurchase in Great Falls. This can only be done through the medium of ' the newspapers and while he is help t ing himself the advertiser can also ybe pleased with the knowledge that She is helping along another worthy in atitution, one that is always working e for the best interests of the business man. A good live newspaper does ' more in one day to advertise a town - than anything else that could be de Svised and hence should be encouraged and enabled to do still more good in the future. r The Leader would like to see every t- man, woman and child buy their goods in the city. It helps everybody ( and helps the purchaser himself, for T the more he purchases in his own town the more he helps those from whom ca he buys to pay their proportion of the a, amount required for the government R of the city, taking a portion of the ti load from him, as well as from others. IV fi A POPULAR MOTION. v So far The Gazette has not been able v to discover a single paper in the state ii that had anything to say in condem- u nation of Representative Stull's mo- a tion for the appointment of a house r committee to make an investiatgion a into the management of the insane h asylum. While none makes any charges t against the management of the insti tution, either as to treatment of the patients or the methods employed, all i agree that it will do no harm to make d an official examination. Furthermore, all agree that the present system is 1 too expensive and that some way t should be found to lessen the expense to the state and that, too, without in any way lowering the standard that now prevails at the Warm Springs institution. Some of the newspapers 1 discussing the matter, notably the 1 Butte Miner, are of the opinion that the present expense to the state for the care of its insane amounting to some thing like 50 cents for every person in Montana, adult and child, is a little too much. They also call attention: to the fact that the cost is continually increasing without any corresponding increase of cost to the contractors. In speaking of the Stull bill the Hel ena Record say: It seeks the establishment of the state insane asylum under the entire control and management of the state, and the abolition of the present con tract system. The rapid growth in the cost of caring for the insane is something that cannot be ignored. The figures are startling and extrava gant. An end must be made of this private graft at some time and the sooner the better. That the expense of caring for the 'insane in the last five years has nearly doubled should admonish the legislature that prompt action is necessary. The caring for the insane of the state is a public function, and should not be a graft for private contractors. It is state business, and should be under the con trol and management of state officers. As at present conducted, the state has but little to do with the matter except to pay the exorbitant bills. It has been a lucrative business for the con tractors. It is a matter that will bear the most painstaking and careful in vestigation of the legislature. The contractors are in the business for the profits to be made and will not be over-scrupulous in their duties. Let i the state take in hand this peculiarly e state busness and no longer allow it to be performed in the hap-hazard, negligent manner that has heretofore prevailed. ARKANSAS SECEDES. t Arkansas is still sorry that the late s Confederacy was not more successful c and resentfully gives its allegiance to the government whose flag floats over it. Like Missouri it has taken occasion to show its contempt for that government by adopting a resolution expressing sympathy with Aguinaldo. So strong is the "sesesh" sentiment in the upper house of its legislature that when the resolution was sub mitted only four members had the decency to vote against it. After its adoption one rebel moved "that the house do now adjourn, pull down the flag and try our guns on it." Al though the motion was not put, it is safe to say that with the exception of the four men who voted against the resolution, every other vote was ment ally in the affirmative. One of the four was Frank Weaver, a democrat, but a patriot. Weaver is a newspaper man and edits the Fort Smith Elevator In the succeeding issue of his paper he took occasion to give his opinion of the resolution and the men who voted fot it, and did so in a manner that jarred on the'sensi bilities of the Tagal supporters to such an extent that they thought some of holding him personaly responsible for his utterances. The fact that the press dispatches have not brought the news of the death by shooting of pne or more of the distinguished Filipinos in the Arkansas legislatA may be ac cepted as evidence that they recon e sioered the matter and decided not to e risk their precious lives. A man with a the moral courage of Mr. Weaver is usually not lacking in the same ele 0 ment physically, a fact that probably s percolated through the think tanks of his Ladrone colleagues. He char ,f aoterized the action of the legislature as "treason to state and country." 0 Subjoined is an extract from the ar tiole of the Elevator, which is as vig orous as it is just: is By the action of the lower house of s the Arkansas legislature, the taint of n treason has been attached to the state, ri the knife has been put to the heart of d every American mother and father n who has a son enlisted in our coun try's service in the Philippines, and y the hardships and danger with which ir American soldiers must contend in discharging there their duty to the United States have been increased. Fifty-three members of the house, comprising so many traitors, voted against thirty-nine members, who were patriots, and passed the resolu tion, which was introduced by Mr. Mintun, of Washington county. The fifty-three members of the house have violated their oaths of office. They have put politics above patriotism with a wanton disregard of duty that is criminal They have manifested utter insensibility to their obligation as public officials and private citizens. They have disgraced themselves. They sought to utterly disgrace the state, but such wretched types, who, by the grace of God, chance to enjoy the privileges of American citizens, cannot injure seriously a great state whose worthy sons have gone out in great numbers to the Philippines, and in the army of their country have laid down their dives or have suffered long and until now in conflicts with those Filipinos to whom Arkansas legis lators now are busy extending sympa thy and comfort. The glsy given to the state by her unselfish heroes, who have died and suffered without murmur, can not be dimmed by the scurvy and traitorous conduct of a bevy of despicable Lilli putians in politics and nonentities in private life whom the people have sent inexplicably to the legislature: By publishing his picture as that of Fones of Arkansas the Anaconda. Standard manifests a malevolence of spirit toward David Folsom which lothing in the past career of the worthy Montanan justifies; not even :he fact that he was candidate for tovernor last fall on a ticket the Standard opposed. SCURRILOUS "HUMOR." Minneapolis Journal: Sam Cle mens, alias Mark Twain, or, Mark twain, alias Sam Clemens, back in 1860-61 was against the United States government and the American flag. le is today in the same attitude, ap parently, judging from the quality of his articles in the February North American Review, entitled "To the Person Sitting in Darkness." It is a personal assault upon President Mc Kinley and the administration poli cies, based either upon gorsa ignor ance or mendacious malice. It is probable that the enemies of the administration really believe that this American administration can be hamstrung by the application of Cle mens' shafts of wit and satire. Wit, however, to be genuine must have a basis of truth and applicability, and if it has not such basis, always degen erates into flippancy. Mr. Clemens' article is a very excellent specimen of flippancy, as well as utter disregard for truth and fact. He has assembled all the falsehoods uttered by the sup porters of the Philippine revolt in this country and all the lying charges against the administration as to the disposition of the Cuban problem, and swaddled them in his fabric of words, which, instead of being signs of ideas, are, in this case, signs of the absurd defficiency of ideas. The anti-administration journals, however, accustomed to printing charges without proof and to invent policies never entertained by the ad ministration, are glowingly happy over the disgraceful exhibition of the prositution of Clemens' mental ap paratus to the base purpose of slander and indecency. They applaud the ig norance which in that article assumes that the president is an autocrat, acting independently of congress and playing the role of a tryant, bent on the forcible annexation of Cuba and defiance of the laws .of common hu manity. He proclaims his sympathy with Aguinaldo and denounces the president as treacherous to that per son and "crushing a deceived and con fiding people," characterizes our sol diers as doing "bandits' work" and "debanuching America's honor," etc. It is barely possible that Mr. Cle mens really knows that all the presi dent has done daring the last two eventful years, he has done under the authority of the United States con gress, and that the exercise of that authority has been indorsed by the people of the United States. If the huomrist knows of any better author . ity than congress he should have stat ed it. He knows none. Congress. represents the people. He knows also that President McKinley was the most conservative man in the country in 1898, and, that in sanctioning a dec laration of war against Spain, he only yielded to the tremendous pressure of strong public sentiment, and that the government has faithfully kept the i pledge made by congress in April, a 1898; has changed the face of the whole island of Cuba for the better, in every respect, and has taken every step possible to establish a stable gov ernment and has called the constitu - tional convention which is now mak ing and revising a constitution free from any interference, and one which, under the terms perfectly understood and acquiesced in by the Cubans, must - be submitte to congress for sation. The Greeks made the word slander Ssynoymous with "devil." These in Stelligent people were not far out of the way. The characterization is sound. r WEATHER. I Washington, Feb. 11-Montana: i Fair Tuesday and probably Wednesday; a southwesterly winds.