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Does This Mean You?
EARLY during the month of December The Gazette sent to all its delinquent subscribers ac counts. Many have responded by remitting the amount due on the paper, but hundreds have over looked making remittance. This is to again remind you that. if you are in arrears for the paper that it will be necessary for you Sto remit at once. We intend to close up all past due subscription accounts. THE BILLINGS GAZETTE. LOCAL NOTES. From Saturday's Dally Gazette. -Secretary of State G. M. Hays of Helena is in the city. -Billings people have been enjoy ing sleighriding the past two days. -If in want look up the intelligence 'fllce. South side opposite fire hall. -Dr. E. E. Doty of Red Lodge was a business visitor in the city yester *day. -Carwile & Bouton write liberal fire insurance policies at the best ob tainable rates. * -A girl baby was born Thurday to the wife of Conductor C. W. Ling of the Burlington. -T. J. Johns of Lewistown denies that he is to enter the journalistic field in Bozeman. -J. H. Hay, the Butte traveling man, was in the city yesterday, ac companied by his wife. -A marriage license was issued yesterday to Bernard J. Neiber of Thermopolis, Wyo., and Miss Mary M. Schaffer of Pittsburg, Penn. -Geo. Pirrie of Halbert came in yesterday with his brother, David Pirrie, who was badly injured Wednes day by the accidental discharge of a shotgun. -Hugh H. Hunter of Miles City was a Billings visitor yesterday. Mr. Hunter has just closed a deal with Milton S Bennett of Ekalaka, Custer county, for the sale of 1,850 ewes that he has been ranging near that place. -Judge J. D. Matheson came down from Red Lodge last evening and will remain here for the time being. He has retired from the management of the Carbon Coutv Democrat, the paper having been sold to Mr. S. D. Charles of Portland, Ore. -Mr. B. F. Bush of Roslyn, Wash., general manager of the Northern Pa cific coal properties, and vice-president of the Rocky Fork Coal company, was in Billings last night, coming down from Red Lodge. He says the com pany is at work on extensive improve nients at Red Lodge and shortly will be mining 100 cars per day. -The Fergsu County Argus says that along the Musselshell river in the southern side of the county, range stock are reported suffering consider ably for lack of water and many bands of sheep are likewise affected Small streams are frozen up near their source and the water is flooded into a sheet of ice, while water holes are solid. The lack of snow is very remarkable for this season and stockmen are anxi ous for a relief. -David Pirrie, who was accidently shot on Wednesday near his home at Lavina, was brought to Billings yes terday and taken to St. Vincents' hos pital. The attending physician is of the opinion that Mr. Pirrie will re cover from his injury, but he will be disfigured for life. The injuries al though bad enough, are not so serious as first reported. One eye was shot out and Mr. Pirrie will lose one finger on the right hand. Besides these in juries he received several scratches on the face and ear. -The Continental Oil company has begun suit in the district court of Yellowstone county against the Clarke Fork Coal Mining company for a debt of $782.87. The Briggs Ellis company of Big Timber vs. Fred Tews, forcible entry and unlawful de tainer, is the title of another case be gun in this court. The plaintiff al leges that on or about January 4, last, Tews took forcible entry of some land, known as the Gruwell place, near Junction, and is unlawfully de taining the plaintiff from possession, and it therefore prays for damages to the amount of $150. -Negotiations for the sale of the LO ranch belonging to John M. Holt of this city to George Redmond of Omaha are about closed and the formal transfer will doubtless be made in a few days, says the Yellowstone Jour nal. Mr. Redmond will inaugurate some improvements and will go into •the sheep business on an extensive scale. The sale of the LO ranch is one of the natural results of the transfor mation that has been gradually taking place for several years in the range industry of this county. It is one of the oldest cattle ranches in the eastern end of the state and is located on Miz pah creek. -The first annual convention of the American Cattle Growers association will be held at Denver, Colo., in the Tabor Grand opera house on Tuesday, March 5, and a call has been issued by President H. H. Robinson to all cattlement to attend and take part in the session. The call states that the basis of representation will be in dividual membership and anyone who makes cattle raising a business is eligible to membership. The associa tion is independent of the National Livestock association, but acts in full accord with that organization. John M. Holt of Miles City is one of the executive committee. -Money to loan in any sum on farm lands and improved Billings property" Carwile & Bouton. * -Every employe along the line of the Northern Pacific railroad received notification this week direct from headquarters at St. Paul to immedi ately report to their own or the com pany physician and get vaccinated unless they have been vaccinated within the last four years. The company has been so hampered by smallpox along the line, especially in the construction department, that the manager has made the order as sweep ing as possible and it applies alike to the humblest laborer on the line and the high officials as well. .There is some grumbling, of course, among those who oppose the theory of vacci nation, but when it comes to a matter of bread and butter the men are usually willing to follow the instruc tions of their superiors. Yro ,tund ay's Dally Oazetie. -Repr'sentative G. C. Stull came down lac night from Helena. -She:.ff G. W. Hubbard returned home yesterday from Hunters Hot Springs. -Secretary of State G. M. Hays and Mrs. Hays returned to their home in Helena yesterday after a visit in Bill ings. -Editor Jean Decker of The Ga zette left yesterday for a couple of days' business trip to Miles City, his former home. -Dr. W. O. Allen and wife have re moved to their new home on North Thirty-second street. The house va cated by them has been taken by Mrs. M. H. Tompkips. -The state encampment of the Modern Woodmen of America meets in Helena next Wednesday, February 13. Henry Kerr will represent the Billings order at the encampment. -W. M. Johnston received word yesterday of the death of his sister, I Mrs. Mary Shue, which occurred at Beaver City, Neb., a few days ago. The deceased had been in feeble health for some years. -S. R. Salsbury, who has been on ' the sick list for the past two weeks, was able to be down ,town yesterday. Although feeling considerably im proved he still shows the appearance of having been visited oy sickness. -Joe Gosfouner, a grader on the Burlington's Toluca-Cody branch, got a little money ahead and came to Bill ings to have a time. He had managed to get considerable booze aboard when he was run in by the police. He paid a fine of $5 in the police court yester day. -The Helena correspondent of the Butte Inter Mountain says Represent ative Stull is fast acquiring a reputa tion as a wit and master of repartee. On account of his professional calling several members have recently tried a little "josh work" on him, but no one person has yet tried it twice. -The mid-winter rhetoricals of the Billings high school were held in the opera house last night, being attended by a large audience. The programme was a splendid one and each one tak ing part rendered his or her part in a highly creditable manner. The musi cal numbers were exceptionally good. -Mrs. H. S. Williston entertained the S O K M quartette Friday night in honor of Mr. and Mrs. Geeo. M. Hays. Several vocal selections were sung by the members of the quartette and also Mr. Hays, and Miss Hays rendered a few piano numbers. Dainty refreshments were also served. -It is said that on the resumption of the double daily transcontinental service on May 5 by the Northern Pa cific the solid through train service over the Burlington from St. Iouis to Portland via this city will be discon tinued, but through sleeper and re clining chair car service will be main tained. -Robert James, the young man who attempted suicide a few days ago at one of the grading camps near Pryor gap, was brought to Billings yester day and is now confined in the county jail. James is thought to be insane, and he will be examined" next week. He is recovering slowly from the self inflicted wound. -Rockvale, Carbon county, is to have a cemetery, according to the ar ticles of incorporation of the Rockvale Cemetery association that have been filed with the secretary of state. Its capital is $540 in $5 shares, of which $200 has been subscribed by W. J. Crismas, William Brownfleld, W. A. Sutton. -Justice A. Fraser performed a marriage ceremony yesterday morning at 7 o'clock in the lodging house over the Globe Steam Dye Works, uniting the lites of Bernard J. Neiber of Ther mopolis, Wyo., and Miss Mary M. Schaffer of Pittsburg, Penn. The happy couple left at once for their fu ture home in Thermopolis. --Superintendent of Public Instruc tion W. W. Welch is preparing the an nual apportionment of school money from what is known as the income fund. The sum to be apportioned is $105,842.92, among school districts having 57,212 children, making an apportionment of $1.85 per scholar. From Tuesday's Daily Gazette. -Architect J. G. Link is in the city from Butte. For Rent-Two rooms, furnished or unfurnished. Carwile & Bouton. 2 -Two drunks were up in the police court yesterday and were fined $. each. -William Castin of this city has been granted a pension of $10 per month. -Mr. and Mrs. A. C. Loagn re turned yesterday from a few days' visit in Helena. -County Commissioners J. B. An nin and Pat Lavelle were here yester day from Columbus. -Dr. A. P. Merriwether, govern ment physician at Crow Agency, was a Billings visitor yesterday.. -E. A. Richardman, a merchant of Crow Agency, was looking after busi ness affairs in Billings yesterday. -T. W. Schlaberg, one of the prom inent ,stockmen of the Musselshell country, is in Billings on business. -E. M. Hungerford was in Joliet yesterday placing a switch board in the local telephone office on the L. L. Moffett system. -Rev. Father Pauwelyn of Miles City arrived here yesterday afternoon for a couple of days visit to Rev. Father Van Clarenbeck. -The hog market is not overrun in Billings. Two carloads of porkers had to be shipped in last week from Boze man, the price paid being five cents per pound. -J. M. Holt of Miles City, who for years past has been one of the largest cattlemen of eastern Montana, is sell ing off his herds and in their place is buying sheep. -Lee Eisenberg, who has been traveling for an eastern wholesale dry goods house for the past two or three months, arrived here Sunday for a visit to his family. -A. W. Stanton of Siam, S. D., was in Billings yesterday, en route home. He has been at Basin City, Wyo., looking after some business interests at his old home. -W. J. Youmans and wife have returned from a several weeks' visit to California points. They report the Billings people, that are sojourning in California, as getting along nicely. -C. C. Cook, foreman of the Ryan Bros. stock interests on the Musshel shell, is in the city for a few days looking for some blooded cattle which are to be added to his company's herds. -Yellowstone Leader: Chas. King of McLeod, who has been spending a couple of weeks with friends in Bill ings, returned to this place the first of this week. Mr. King says that Billings is the best town in Montana. -Robert James, the railroad grad er, who attempted suicide a few days ago by cutting his throat with a razor, was examined yesterday as to his san ity with the result that he was ordered sent. to the insane asylum at Warm Springs. -Mrs.A. P. Smith has been elected delegate-at-large from the state meet ing of Royal Neighbors of America to attend the grand lodge to be held at Springfield, Ill., in May. She was also elected inner sentinel of the grand lodge of Montana. -An operation was performed upon David Pirrie of Lavina at St. Vin cent's hospital, in which an eye was removed and one finger taken off. Mr. Pirrie met with a bad accident about a week ago, having his face terribly burned by the accidental dis charge of a shotgun. -F. R. Eckholdt, a former attor ney of Billings, was a passenger en route east yesterday, accompanied by his father, H. R. Eckholdt. The for mer is now located at Lewiston, Idaho, and reports business as being good. He expects to return to Lewiston soon accompanied by his wife, who is still in the east. -Two division superintendents of the !Northern Pacific, F. W. Giebert of the Idaho division with headquart ers at Spokane, and Chas. Russell of the Rocky Mountain division at Mis soula, passed through Billings yester day afternoon, en route home from a meeting of division superintendents at St. Paul. -Beginning today there will start from St. Paul over the Northern Pa cific and from St. Louis over the Bur lington, homeseekers' excursions, which are to be run for the next three months to the nortwhestern states on each Tuesday. Prospective settlers from all the central and eastern states are being booked for transportation. -The sensation which was prom ised a few weeks sago by Gracie Robinson, who ran away from her husband at Libby, Mont., taking $6,000 worth of mining stock be longing to her husband, and was ar rested at Cleveland, Ohio, has de veloped in a divorce suit in which she is the defendant. Her husband al leges all sorts of cruelties. -At a meeting of the Billings club held Sunday the comnmittee, previous ly appointed to make recommendations regarding a commercial club reported, which in effect was that the Billings club retain its name, but that the by laws be revised, also that a committee to be known as a commercial com mittee be appointed. The report was accepted. At some future meeting, after the by-laws have been revised, the commercial committee will be ap pointed by the club. -Edgemont Express: John Oak, the contractor and builder of Billings, Mont., arrived in town on Thursday afternoon on a visit to his numerous friendis here. He has a lot of business to attend to and will go to Hot Springs for a couple of days. Mr. Oak and his partner have left samples of their good solid work in the stone build ings ii Edgemont, and the work they are doing in Billings is also in the front rank. They like the western town very well and are doing nicely. TREASURY BALANCES. Washington, Feb. l-Today's state ment of the treasury balances in the general fund, exclusive of the $150, 000,000 gold reserve in the division of redemption, shows: Available cash balance $148,009,894. Gold $72,482, 762. PLACE WHERE MARTYRS LIE ROME'S UNDERGROUND CITY OF DEAD. SIGHTS IN THE CATACOMBS Father Van Clarenbeck Talks Entertainingly on Subject Interesting to All. At St. Joachim's Catholic church Sunday night the Rev. Father Francis Van Clarenbeck gave a talk on the catacombs of Rome. The reverend gentleman spoke for an hour and a half, and his description was most in teresting. He spoke of visiting the city of Assisi, having 6,000 population. "One of the churches here contains the tomb of St. Francis, the founder of the Franciscan order. Over the tomb were quite a number of the most beautiful paintings by Giotto, one of the most famous of Italy's artists. There we also admired the beautiful marble pulpit from which St. Ber nardinus and St. Bonaventura have preached to the people. We were also shown the chalice used by St. Francis, his habit, the cord with which the saint was girded and the sandals worn by him after he had received the stigma. The house in which the mother of St. Francis lived and the sta ble in which he was born aie still ex tant today, but have been converted into a chapel by Phillip III, king of Spain. We also visited another church now dedicated to the Blessed Virgin, but which was used formerly by the pagan Romans for the worship of the Goddess Minerva. "We left Assisi September 12, ar riving in Rome in the afternoon of the same day. I longed to see the city of Rome, the eternal city where St. Peter and Paul had suffered martyr nom, the city of the popes, the city of the illustrious prisoner of the vatican, which has seen many thousands of Christians torn to pieces and devoured by the wild beasts in the amphithea tre. Oh, how my heart did long to see it. Rome is all of wonders. The remains of pagan Rome, not to men tion the Christian antiquities of the city require for a full acquaintance with them the devotion of a life time. But, perhaps, when all is said the most wonderful thing in the Eternal city is the gigantic labyrinth of the catacombs, in whose dark recesses the bodies of the faithful are laid and where in the long and cruel persecu tions popes, priests and their flocks sought refuge from their persecutors. Of all the catacombs those of St. Agnes and St. Sebastian are the most solemn and interesting. The cata combs of St Sebastian are situated on the 'Apian way,' via Apia, well known to students of history. In the church of St. Sebastian, through which we entered the catacombs of St. Sebastian, is kept the oiginal footprint said to have been left here by our Savior when He met Peter about to leave Rome. After the burn ing of Rome Nero threw upon the Christians the acusation of having fired the city. This was the origin of the first persecution in which so many Christians suffered martyrdom. The Christian converts besought Peter not to expose his life. As he fled along the Apian way, about two miles from the gates, he was met by' a vision of our Lord traveling towards the city. Struck with amazement Peter ex claimed' 'Lord, whither goest thou,' and Jesus looking at him with a mild sadness answered, 'I go to the city to protect thee.' "The early Christians called their burial places cemeteries, ie., sleeping places, indicative of their belief in the resurrection. The Roman law forbade burials within the city limits, so we find that the ancient Christian burying places at Rome are outside the walls. The Roman law, moreover, looks upon a tomb as a religious place, no matter which religion the dead man pro fessed. Penalties were decreed against those who violated tombs. From the foundation of the Catholic church up to the time tf Domitia, A. D., 1 to 96, the faithful' were buried in private tombs, sometimes above, sometimes below ground, and with no fear or solicitude. But when persecution be gan then the faithful laid their dead in secret places down in the bowels of the earth. The catacombs are the silent yet eloquent memorial of those days when popes, priests and people were sought and persecuted and martyred with a fury little less than diabohoal. For fully 200 years to be a Christian was enough to be deserv ing of death and the most atrocious persecution. The'last of the 10 great persecutions was the longest and the most terrible. For the space of 10 years not a day of mercy shone upon the suffering church. We have seen the Colisseum preserved through the good care of the popes until this day, where starved out and hungry tigers were set loose upon the helpless Chris tians while 100.000 blood-thirsty Romans, men, women and children, enjoyed this horrible and awful spec tacle. These mute yet eloquent walls loudly proclaim the divinity of the ohuroh of ages, of that church which has been built upon the rock and against which all the machinations of menland the gates of hell cannot pre 'tHE MEDICINE CASE Which is filled from our stock of drugs is sure to be reliable. Many of the leading physicians fill their cases here and send their patients here with their prescriptions because they _ know the purity of the drugs we handle and our --- care in compounding. Sfo Very truly yours] Chapple Drug Co. Corner Montana Ave. and 28th St. ~~--·-·-~~~-------· · vail. 'The servant is not above his master, they have persecuted me, they shall also persecute you."' Here Father Van Clarenbeck referred to the persecutions 'of the Christians in China. "The number of Christian men, women and children who thus perished is beyond all calculations. The catacombs, which are found in different parts of Rome, are dug through solid rock of a kind alto gether unsuited for building purposes. Sometimes they are excaated in stories, one below the other, giving three or four systems of galleries con nected by staircases. These galleries are very narrow. Bodies were buried in niches made along the sides. Sometimes there are seven or eight niches between the floor and the ceil ing. Some of the large excavations or rooms served as chapels, and if you know where to look you can still see the old earthen lamps which centuries ago served to light up these myster ious places. Thirty-six catacombs are known, perhaps there are others un discovered. It is estimated that the galleries all told are 600 miles long and that 6,000,000 persons were buried in them. We had the pleasure of vis iting the catacombs of St. Agnes, which are 17 miles long and those of St. Sebastian where the bodies of 174,000 martyrs and 46 popes have been laid. The excavation of this gigantic work required the removal of 96,000,000 cubic feet of solid rock. What was done with this material we do not know. It appears that part of it was used to fill up galleries that could contain no more bodies or to shield from profanation the sacred relics of martyrs placed there. "The catacombs were made almost impracticable for strangers and in vaders. Every precaution was taken against the enemies of the Christians. These precautions were not always adequate, however. The soldiers more than once entered the catacombs, in terrupting religious services and strik ing down all whom they could reach. Inscriptions have been found which record these terrible visitations. The edict of Milan, by which the first Christian emperor gave peace to the church, 310, A. D., was the cause of the abandonment of the practice of burying in the catacombs. Pope Melohiades, A. D. 311-314, was the last Roman pontiff to be buried in the old subterranean cemeteries. Still, from time to time, persons were in terred in them who wished to lie near the bodies of the martyred saints. But this practice ceased about the year 410. This is evident from the fact that no inscription of later date has been found. From this time on they were monuments of veneration. Pil grims came to visit them from all parts of Christendom. The invasions of the barbarians of the north of Europe put a stop to these devout practices. The principal relics were brought into Rome and distributed among the different churches. Thence forth tthere was little reason to visit the catacombs and by the end of the sixteenth century the memory of them had almost perished. "Antonio Bosio, a Maltese priest, was the Columbus of subterranean Rome. After preparing himself by special courses of study he devoted his life to the investigation of these amazing excavations. He recognized that in them the history of primiive Christianity is almost complete. There is no monument in Rome that brings us so close to those early days, which are so little known to us and of which we desire to know so much, as the catacombs. They show that the true faith of today was the faith of the early days. They show that the inter cessions of saints for those who in voke them was believed in, and that the efficacy of the prayers of the liv ing for the dead was also believed in. They showed that the doctrine of the real presence and the devotion to the mother of our Savior was part of the primitive religion. Bosio worked for 36 years in the catacombs His great and eminent successor was John Bap tist de Rossi, who died six years ago, after 856 years of labor inl the cata combs. He brought to light hundreds of frescoes concealed by the smoke and mould of centuries. He put to gether fragments of broken insorip tions and faithfully copied all the names and sentences scratched upon the walls. He explored each one thoroughly. He studied the catacombs scientifically. In one word, he did for the history and topography of underground Rome what students of classical antiquity have done for the Rome of the Caesars. "A Franoiscan friar was our only guide down into this profound and dreadful place. We all followed our guide the one walking behind the other, and everyone carrying a lighted candle. The narrow ways and open ings hither an thither coupled with the dead and heavy air soon blotted out in all of us any recollection of the track by which we had come. 'The triumphs of our faith are not above the ground in our splendid churches,' said the Francican Father, looking round upon us as we stopped to rest in one of the low passages with bones and dust surrounding us on every side. 'They are here among the martyrs' graves.' "To visit the catacombs unless one is prepared for the trip by some pre liminaty study, is more depressing than interesting. One traverses nar row galleries where two cannot walk abreast. Then you come to larger ex cavations on whose ceilings you catch uncertain glimpses of faded pictures. Then you go down a staircase, where the spectacle is repeated, only the darkness seems darker, the stillness deeper, and the mystery of the place more oppressive. But if to know something of your surroundings and of your religion you will come away with invigorated faith. The man Is little to oe envied whose piety does not grow warmer and whose love for the chucrh does not grow stronger in the gloomy depths of the catacombs:" In closing Father Van Clarenbeck said: "The central figure of Rome is Pope Leo XIII, who so well guides the bark of Peter. He is the heart and life of Rome." SCHOOL MONEYS. State Superintendent Makes the Annual Apportionment. State Superintend of Public Instruc tion W. W. Welch has announced the annual apportionment of the state school income fund. The amount this year is $105,842.20, being larger than that of any preceding year. The ap portionment last year amounted to $80,428.50, and was at that time an exceedingly large amount when com pared to former apportionments. The basis of the apportionment this year is $1.85 per capita. Last year it was ' $1.50. State Treasurer Barrett will mail vouchers to all of the county treasur ers in the state this week and they will distribute the money among the districts. The entire amount of money dina. tributed is the cash income from the lease and sale of lands held in trust by i the state for the school fund. The apportionment is based upon the school census taken last fall, showing 57,21S' children of school age in the state, an increase over the preceding year of 8,593. Yellowstone county's census shows . 1,833 school children. The apportion ment for this county is $2,466.05,being $750.50 more than last year. EVENTS OF THE WEEK. Tuesday-This afternoon the Misses Panton will entertain a number of friends at cards. Tonight the Magic Circle Women of Woodcraft will give a ball in the court house, and the Edna Chapter, Order of Eastern Star, will give a banquet in its hall. Thursday - In the evening the Woodmen of the World lodge will give a banquet to its members and friends., Covers will be laid for over 200. Saturday-Mrs. George A. Griggs will give a private nmusicale at her home in the afternoon, assisted by Miss Martha Tompkins, Mrs. Chas. H. Barstow and Mrs. Minnie H. Tompkins. Invitations have been issued. BURLINGTON OFFICIALS HERE. A special train carrying officials of the Burlington railroad arrived in Billings yesterday morning, the offii ciels being out on a tour of inspec tion. Those in the party were G. W. Rhodes of Lincoln, assistant general: superintendent; D. Hawksworth of Plattsmouth, superintendent of motive power; Wm. Baird of Lincoln, general. car foreman; E. Gillette of Sheridan, assistant division superintendent; Y.,. P. Rugh of Lincoln, coal inspector; J.i P. Reardon of Alliance, maste. mechanice and C. J. Saberhagen of Sheridan, master mechanic. Several hours were spent in Billings, in a v$1t to the Billings club and in look over 'he city. . DEATh CLAIMS MILA.'N.', Vienna, Feb. 11-x.-lKing of Servia died today.