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The Billings Gazette.
SBltrI-LaLEEKLY. Oasette Printing Company, Publishers E. H. BECKER. Editor. UNION LABEL Official City and County Paper. Subscription W1atte. One year, in advance ............$3.0( hsx months...... ........... I( 8ingle copies..................... 0 Entered at the Billings Postoffice as Seconc Class Matter. FRIDAY, FEB. 15, 1901. NEW TREATY NEEDED. The Gazette is in receipt of private information from Washington which makes it apparent that as now framed but little hope need be entertained for the ratification of the Crow Indian treaty at the present session of con gress. It is even doubtful whether a future congress would pass the meas ure. unless it is greatly altered and amended. As the treaty itself con tains provisions against such a pro ceedings it is absolutely necessary that a new one shall be negotiated. The letter to The Gazette states that the members of the house committee on Indian affairs consider the price per acre stipulated in the treaty as too great, a feeling that is-shared by many members of the house and who have so expressed themselves. Conse quently it will be seen that the pros pects for adoption of the bill are not very bright on this one score alone. Another source of opposition is based on the clause in the treaty which pro vides that no admendments shall be made to it in congress on penalty of the entire measure lapsing and becom ing void. It was insistence upon due observation of this clause that was re sponsible for the defeat of the bill when called upon the house last week. Representative Mondel? of Wyoming asked that the bill be amended to give right of way across the Indian lands for irrigating ditches to be constructed north and west of Fort Custer, so that the lands proposed to be ceded mighi be irrigated, and without which they will be practically valueless to set tilers. The friends of the bill caller attention to the fact that under the treaty such an amendment could nol be made without vitiating the treaty itself. Upon this Mr. Mondell object ed to unanimous consideration of the bill and it went back to its place or the calendar. It will be seen that because of the objection of members to the price it is proposed to pay for the lands the bill is very likely to meet defeat when called up in the ordinary way. To prevent such disaster befalling the measure and thus greatly retarding the growth and development of this section of the state it seems absolutely necessary that a new treaty devoid of the objectionable features attaching to the one now pending be negotiated. To accomplish this it will be necessary to secure legislation appropriating a sum sufficient to defray the cost of a new treaty commission-for it is abso lutely essential that a new commis sion be appointed, the inability of the old to neogtiate a proper and reasona ble treaty having been established be yond a doubt. In order that such a step may be attended by the mini mum chances of failure it is necessary that the people of Montana enlist the co-operation of those of Wyoming, as they are almost as deeply interested in its success as are those of this state. To the end that this effort at co-opera tion may be successful endeavor should be made to have Wyoming rep resented on the prospective commis sion. That state should have one member, while the remaining two should be appointed from this state, or if objecion is made by Wyoming to such an apportionment then each of the two statess could be given one member, the third to come from else where. Whatever the plan adopted it is imperative that some action along the line here recommended be taken, and that at once, in order that some thing may yet be done at the present session of congress. The importance of ;opening the res ervation is recognized by all and as probably no community would derive greater benefits than Billings, it is proper that the people of this city should take the initiative in the mat _-ter and without further delay make effort to secure enactment of the legis lation necessary for the appointment of a new commissiop. While they are this they should also make it puderstood that they want no `inomopetents of the Hoyt and Sstripe, but fair minded, honest men, who will seek to guard the interests of the settlers as well as those of the Indians and be actuated by desires more lofty than the wish for personal aggrandizement and op. portunity for the cultivation of "soft snaps." ENCOURAGING FRAUD. Much to the regret of everybody who holds the health of the commun ity above the profits to be made by a few individuals, the pure food bill of Senator Hoffman has been killed. In its place will be made a recommenda tion to congress to pass a bill pending in that body for the enactment of a national law on the subject. The de feat of the measure is credited to the manipulative skill of the Butte grocery merchants, who opposed the bill because it would injure their busi ness if allowed to become a law. They made no pretense of denying that many of the goods on their shelves are adulterated to the extent of being a menace to the health of those unfortunate enough to consume them; in fact, they admitted this, but claimed they could not afford to de stroy them because of the loss it would entail upon them. The legis lature allowed that selfish and dishon est argutment to prevail and the bill was choked off, the members apparent ly considering the pecuniary benefits to the merchants paramount to the health of the public. It is needless to say that the legislature was wrong, for everybody recognizes the fact and the people will no doubt hold the gentlemen responsible for the outrage in memory, so that when 'they come up again for office they may be dealt with as they deserve. Nevertheless, it is a sad commentary on the class of men whom the people elect to make laws for them and shows to what degree the spirit of sordid selfishness is permitted to influence men in their consideration of questions of such utmost importance as the matter of conserving the health and wellfare of the people of a large and powerful state. Simply because a handful of men possessed of political power oppose a measure calculated to benefit thousands of their fellow creatures, a body of law-makers com placently allow their wishes and de sires to govern them and a really meri torious and necessary measure is strangled. In the opinion of the legislature it is far more important that the Butte dealers be allowed to make their usual profits on the poi sons they sell for foodstuffs than that the people of the state be protected against them and the dishonest manu facturers with whom they trade. The bill was not calculated to be prohibitive in its results, but merely required that all foodstuffs containing adulterations be marked or branded t9 that effect. It did not aim to sup press the sale of adulterated goods, but only intended that they should be sold as such, thus leaving it optional with the buyer whether he wanted them or not. In view of the success which attend ad the opposition to this bill it need not be surprising if the pending mea sure to insure the sale, of only such meat and milk as can pass inspection will also be throttled. While num erically not so strong as the grocers, the butchers and dairymen are, never theless, not without resources and that they are willing to apply them is al ready evident from the charge made that they have raised a fund for the purpose of "seeing" certain members of the legislature. It remains to be seen whether consumption of diseased meat and milk is regarded as being no more injurious than the consump tion of canned goods doctored with acids and composed chiefly of mineral matter. Legislatures often show their dis regard for accepted beliefs by doing the very things the people at large ask them not to do,or not doing those that the community thinks they should do. MONTANA GETS NONE. It is a matter of regret that the war department could not see its way clear to designate some Montana post as the rendezvous of one of the ten new regiments that are organizing under the army reorganization bill. While the forts in this state are prob alby further removed from the popu lous centers, to which the department will have to look most for recruits, it is also true that they are much nearer to the port of embarkation from which a majority of the new regi ments will be forwarded to their field of operation, a consideration not with out its commending features. While ignored to this extent, it is very prob able, though, that the Montana posts will receive recognition in the eventual distribution of troops, as it is the intention of the department to keep some of the new organizations in the country and send the old ones now doing duty in the United States to the Philippines. As the new regiments are drilled and made efficient for active service they will be sent abroad to relieve the regulars now in the islands, it being the purpose of the department to make an exchange biennially, it having been found that two years is about the limit of effec tive service that may be expected from troops, others than natives, in the Philippines. FREE RANGING THREATENED. The Gazette has received a printed copy of senate bill No. 89, introduced by Myer of Carbon county, entitled "An act prescribing the method of as sessment, collection and division of taxes received from any livestock brought into the state, or moved from one county to another for grazing purposes, and fixing the penalty and forfeiture for violation thereunder." The bill has some commendable features and which if enacted into a law separate and alone would probably receive the endorsement of a majority of the stockmen of the state. But be ing incorporated as a part of a bill that contains features objectionable to every cattle owner who ranges and owns stock in Montana they must share in the condemnatiou which at taches to the bill as a whole. Very few if any cattlemen would object to a lawtaxing foreign owned stock driven into the state for grazing pur poses only during a portion of each year. In fact, many favor such a law, believing that men owning stock in other states should pay for the ben efits they derive by feeding in this state a short time each year. ' In ad dition they hold that such a law would protect and conserve Montana ranges for Montana men who make their homes in the state and pay taxes into its treasury. The features of the bill to which ob jection is raised are embodied in sec tions eight, nine and ten. They remove the right of free ranges now enjoyed by stockmen of the state. Section nine in particular is destructive of that right and apparently is inserted in the bill for the particular benefit'of the county represented by Senator Myer. He must have learned that an occasional lot of stock owned and taxed in an adjoining or distant county of the state wanders across the lines de fining the limitations of Carbon county and he demands that their owners pay for the grass they eat while feeding in that county. This probably would please Senator Myer and some of hih neighbors who may own stock, but it would not lessen the objection that attaches to his uronosed law. To begin with, such a law would prove cumbersome and entail extra labor and expense upon each county attempting to avail itself of its bene fits. In return the extra amount of revenue derived would in a majority of cases be found entirely dispropor tionate to the extra cost and annoy ance. The trouble and effort required to compute the proportion of the taxes due respective counties under the law would be so great that but few would care to undertake their collection. This in itself would prevent enforce ment of the law in a majority of cases. The most serious objection, how ever, is that the law would destroy what remains of the free ranges in the state. Through setttlement, pur chase of land and the acquision of im mense tracts by operation of the forest reserve lien scrip act the free ranges of the state have become so circum scribed in extent that no laws should find place on the statutes of the state still further abridging the right and privilege of grazing stock wherever unoccupied range can still be found. The only law required is that now in effect and with its enforcement fear need not be entertained that livestock of any kind is fattening in nature's barn that does not pay its proportion of taxes. As long as public lands con tinue to form a part of the domains of the state they should remain open to the stock of any and all counties of the state, so long as taxos are paid upon it in one county, be that the county in which it is owned or in the one where its permanent range is sup posed to be. No doubt Mrs. Nation is in earnest when she says she intends to smash every saloon in the world and proba bly thinks herself capable of doing it, but she will undergo a marked change of mind when she directs her work of destruction in the direction of South State street in Chicago. Should she decide to extend her crusade as far west as Butte she may arrive at the conclusion that one old woman and a hatchet more or less worn are a poor combination to go against his satanic malesty. THE ASYLUM INVESTIGATION. While The Gazette does not wish to be understood as saying or even hinting that anything radically wrong exists at the insane asylum, except the cost to the state, it must, however, in sist that something like three hours is a mighty short time for a commit tee to spend in making an "investiga tion." It must also maintain that Mr. Stull was eminently right when he said on the floor of the house that the report of the committee would not be unfavorable to the contractors. The gentleman may represent a profession whose members are supposed to know nothing about such matters, and per sonally he does not, The Gazette is willing to vouch, but he is a man of much expenience and great observa tion and knows how such things are done and the results usually to be ex pected when a committee is to report on men whose unstinted and lavish hospitality they have enjoyed. Con tact with the world and worldly peo ple has taught him that the average *man does not possess a heart stony enough to permit him to say anything harmful of another whose wines he has drank and at whose well served table he has enjoyed the delights of gustatory indulgence. With this knowl edge firmly imbedded on his mind Mr. Stull knew he incurred no risk of con tradiction by events transpiring subse quent to his declaration. He also knew that were it not for the sake of appearance and the wish to take a pleasant ride the members of the com mittee would probably adjourn to some convenient place at Helena and formulpte their report, for if gossip is to be credited the quantity and qual ity of the liquids and edibles kept in stock at Helena is fairly good. The gentlemen willing to provide the amount of money necessary to obtain a reasonable supply of both were right at hand and not at all averse to assum ing the part of hosts for the occasion. One of the members of the commit tee in an interview with an inquisi tive reporter admitted that they hald not conducted the investigation along the lines suggested by Mr. Stull and with becoming modesty added, that they thought they knew as well how to go about the matter as did the gen tleman on whose motion they "inves tigated "the asylum. As if wishing to place Mr. Stull in the position of appearing afraid to go into the matter himself the same ingenuous member said that the gentleman had been re quested to accompany the committee, but had declined to do so. No doubt the member quoted thought he had made a strong point against Mr. Stull. It is only charitable to assume that his mind had not yet fully recovered from the effects of the vapors of Warm Springs or he would not have made the statement. Mr. Stall's refusal to accompany the committee was right and proper. Had he accepted the invitation he would have shown bad taste and faul ty judgment and would have laid himself open to slight anl probably insult. He would not have been clothed with any of the authority or power possessed by the members of the committee. 'At best he would have been no more than a guest of that committee likely to find the door closed m his face had he presented himself at the asylum. Even had he been permitted to accompany the members while they strolled about the institution smoking their post prandial cigars answer need not have been made to any questions he might have cared to ask or information of any kind given had he sought to obtain any The probability is that from the first he would have been given to un derstand that he was there on suffrance only and anything suggesting a desire on his part to learn and see more than the contractors were willing to tell and show would very likely have re smlted in consequences unpleasant to himself. Mr. Stull knew and understood all this and he very properly declined to go with the junketing party. He also knew that no matter what he reported to the house, based upon his observa tions, it would have received but scant consideration and that, in the lan guage of the street, the committee had the "bulge on him." OVER AT HELENA. The muddle of the fusionists at Hel ena continues, in fact is becoming worse as day succeeds day and the prospect for a dissolution of the dead lock is growing dimmer in proportion as feeling beween the two principal candidates intensifies. MacGinnis may not be able to get the coveted place himself, but he is in a position where seemingly he can prevent Frank from being elected. A few days ago when it was announced that W. A. Clark had finally come into the open and was working against MaoGinnis there were those who thought they could see the end of that gentleman's dream. As subsequent events have gone to show they were poor seers, for instead of having run his race, Sir John is about the liveliest runner in the bunch and continues to cause end less misery to his Butte opponent and a proportionate amount of agony to Mr. Clark. The manner in which MacGinnis keeps to the front and' the persistency of the support given him by the popu lists and labor men is demonstrative of a fact that many seem to have over looked-Mr. Clark is no longer the power he was when the legislature convened for the opening session. Outside of the support of the demo crats he would probably get very few votes just now were he a candidate be fore the legislature for the position to which he took good care to have him self elected at the earliest possible moment. The labor men and populists feel that all promises made to them have not been kept and they no longer consider themselves under obligation to help the democrats. Consequently they are deaf to all entreaties, de mands and cajoling and obstinately re main firm in their support of MacGin nis. Without their votes neither Mr. Frank nor any other democrat can be elected. They know this and also know that without outside assistance they cannot hope to elect someone rep resentative of themselves. 'Rather than surrender the principle for which they are fighting they will continue the deadlock and force the state to be again only partially represented in the senate. They are wise enough to take at its worth the talk heard from the democrats that by holding out they are playing into the hands of the republicans. Their eyes and their minds tell them differently. They daily see the spectacle of the handful of republicans assembling and casting their vote for a member of their own party. They know that as long as they continue to give their own votes to MacGinnis or any other laborite or populist those votes will not be count ed for a republican, consequently they fail to see how their course is helping the common enemy. It is probable that were the demo crats to take the unusual notion to be honest and live up to their promises of ante-election days and consult the laborites and populists as to certain legislation, and also as to who should be Mr. Clark's colleague for the short term, that the men who are now so effectually blocking the ambition of Mr. Frank and thwarting the wishes of Mr. Clark might agree to a compro mise and elect somebody acceptable to both Until some such thing is done the MacGinnis clan may be relied upon to continue its present course, no matter how much the demnocrats may coax or threaten. While the democrats are now arro gating to themselves all the credit and glory of the victory won by fusion ism last fall and are seeking to brow beat and bully their late allies, they were huilble and submissive enough until the close of the day when the election was held that has fastened upon Montana the nondescript politi cal institution now holding sway at its capital. Then they were ready and eager to promise anything and accept whatever was offered to them by the men whom they are now at tempting to force into submission to democratic domination. The labor ites have not forgotten this and have not forgiven themselves for being silly enough to give credence to democratic promises and pledges. They realize that they were taken in and now are determined to rectify as far as possible the mistake they made earlier in the session. DISGRACING CIVILIZATION. It is rather humiliating to us who boast of our superior civilization and the enlightening influences of our re ligious beliefs as compared with those benighted China to read of the whole sale and organized looting that has been practiced in that country by the Euro peans ever since the invasion. At first it was published that the invading armies, one alone accepted, that marching under the stars and stripes, were the offenders. This was con sidered bad enough, but was partially condoned on the ground that it was one of the evils of war and could not be helped. Now, however, comes the statement, strongly supported, that much as was stolen by the soldiers their thievery was insignificant when compared with the stealing of - the civilians. For the knowledge of this fact we are indebted to a quarrel which resulted over a division of .plunder and which further resulted in the disruption of the league formed by civilians of all natonalities for the purpose of robbery. The charge is made that men occupying offlcia positions were members of the league and and that even certain missionaries were among the most active and ac complished looters, who like buzzards hovering over the hunter's prey took advantage of the Chinamen's helpless ness and the disordered conditions re sulting from the war to enrich them selves at the expense of those whom they regard as heathens and barbarians. For the sake of the flag which our troops so nobly upheld there and which by their courage and honesty they caused to be regarded above all others that were displayed from Tien Tsin to Pekin it is to be hoped that no Ameticans were so low and sooun drelly as to be members of the looters' gang. The conditions apparently now existing in China are a disgrace to Christendom. No wonder that Chinese hatred of all having Caucasian blood in their veins is growing more intense. In their demands for indemnity and reparation the envoys should not be forgetful of the fact that while China may be their debtor she also has claims against the foreigners, claims that by every law of honor and honesty should receive prompt recognition. POSSIBILITIES OF IRRIGATION. Baltimore Sun: Advocates in con gress of the reclamation of arid lands by irrigation have concluded that if the government can spend $60,000,000 a year on river and harbor improve ments it ought to be able to help irri gation projects to a moderate extent. Hence they are making a determined effort to secure an appropriation of $100,000 for the the construction of a storage reservoir in Wyoming. Bills have also been introduced in both houses of congress with a view to fur thering irrigation interests and laying the foundation for a general scheme of improvements. The arid region em braces parts of Arizona, Colorado, California, Idaho, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New 1Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington and Wyoming, which, it is claimed, when brought under irrigation will be capa ble of supporting millions of people. Private capital has already been in vested in reclaiming small portions of the arid territory. Those who have studied the subject are enthusiastic over the possibilities of irrigation. Eminent army engineers have testified that a thorough system of storage res ervoirs in the. arid region would di minish the size and destructive force of the annual floods in the Mississippi. Probably as our population increases and land becomes more difficult to ac quire the reclamation of the arid re gions of the United States will re ceive the attention which it deserves. The subject is one of practical inter est in the west and was regarded of sufficient political importance to be given the endorsement of both of the great national conventions last year. Representative Mondell of Wyoming, one of the champions of national aid for the reclamation of arid lands, esti mates thot $50,000,000 judiciously ex pended would provide means for irri gating and reclaiming millions ' of acres of land now barren and useless. The fellow at Crested. Butte evi dently thought it was a case of hang ing, no matter how he viewed it, and consequently preferred to be his own executioner, rather than permit some one without regard for his personal comfort reform the job for him. All the same Messrs. Mahon and Knox sent some hot ones in the direc tion of the bag held down by Mr. Sulzer of New York, and what is more, made them count. ONE POINT GAINED Newlands' Bill for Federal Aid of Irrigation Favorably Reported. Washington, Feb. 14-The house committee on irrigationand arid lands today voted to report with an amend ment the Newlands bill providing a comprehensive plan of government aid in reclaiming the arid sections of the arid land states. The aid is ac complished by devoting the receipts from public land sales in those states to the purposes of reclamation. These receipts amounted this year to about $4,000.000. A sub-comimttee was arppointed to prepare the bill in its final form with amendments Considerable opposition was en countered on account of the growing expenditures of the present congress. WEATHER. Washington, Feb. 14 - Montana: Snow and much colder 'Friday. Batur day fair; northerly winds.