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The Billings Gazette.
Gazette Printing Company, Publishers E. H. BBCKER, Editor. UNION ABEL Official City and County Paper. Subscriotton Rates: One year, .E advance .....................$3.00 Six months............................... 1.5C Single copies.................................. .05 DAILY GAZETTE. Per Year, by mail, in advance.........$9.00 Per Month, by mail..................... 75 Per Month, by carrier..................... 1.00 Entered at the Billings Postoffice as Seoond Class Matter. TUESDAY, JULY 16, 1901. TIME TO ACT. The Gazette is thoroughly cognizant of the fact that the present caloric condition of the atmosphere is con ducive to lethargy and somnolence, but for all that a certain amount of activity is required of all who have a task to perform and work to do. The evenings are cool and invigor ating and much can be accomplished between the time when the sun be gins to cast'long shadows and dark ness intervenes. For that reason it takes occasion to suggest to the Com mercial committeeof the Billings club that it manifest some signs of life and energy. The body gave ample evi dence of animation when it was or ganized and the people of the city had reason to expect much from it, but that expectation has not been realized and because much was ex-, pected the disappointment is all the greater. The Gazette knows of plenty men who are willing to take stock in a woolen mill, or some other manu facturing enterprise that holds out the same certainty of profitable re turns and gives the same promise of material benefit to the city. All that is needed to interest them is for some person or organization like the Commercial committee to take the initiative and start the matter. Un der the conditions which it was or ganized and the motive for its organi zation combine to make it obligatory upon the committee. to "get a move on" and do some thing to convince the people that it .s .more than a dress parade organization with no .other object than to, afford an excuse for its members to asiseible occas sionally and have a sociable smoke and chat. The Gazette has startedi- t earn estly in the matter of waking up those in a position to do something mater ially beneficial to the city, without at the same time asking those whom it thinks should act to incur any risk or act solely on the "pro bono publicum" principle. The enterprise it suggests and the materialization of which it desires is one that must commend itself to all who care to give the mat ter thought and consideration as being eminently feasible and practical and productive of much good, not only to the community but to those who un dertake it. Wake up, members of the Commer cial committee, and bestir yourselves. Plenty of sheep men and others are ready to subscribe and take stock and let Billings have the largest, best and most modern woolen mills in the northwest and one that will make its name famous. We have the raw material in such abundance as it can be found nowhere else and the mar ket can be readily established to take the finished product. JOURNAL IS MISINFORMED. The Yellowstone Journal is candid ly of the opinion that the gambling law on the statues of Montana is a failure, so far as being a curative oi preventive measure is concerned, anc honestly expresses itself as in favor of the old method of licensing the business of playing for money. A, that method has proved unpopulai with a large class of people of the state, the Journal is of the opinior that the next best thing to do is tr arrest and fine the keepers of gamb ling resorts in the same spirit as "plain drunks" are arrested anc mulcted, or any other violators of the law. This, it says, should be don once a month or once in two months "Just to remind the guilty parties thai the law is still active, though a trifle near sighted," The Journal is alsc 9of the opinion that to apply its pen a ties so-often as to drive the votaries Vo. the sport into seclusion would mi't amount to killing the goose wis' no "commensurate results. .The J rnal's musings are the out. sof e ecial dispatch sent from i ito the. Helena Independent Sits sad that "It is under S biers are to pay a fbe foroie 0 pRote small place like Billings, to enteS into this 'understanding' in advance of Butte, Helena, Great Falls, Anaconda rs and other large centers of population, where there is always 'easy money' for the sports and every inducement to keep open house, even at the ex pense of 'protection,' but if we may believe the newspapers , these big places do not countenance gambling, except on, the race tracks, and besides the law says the minimum fine shall be $100, while Billings -establishes 30 popular prices on a graduating scale of $15, $30 and $45." With some jocular remarks anent the class of sports who are let off with fines far below the minimum fixed by law, the Journal grows serious again and rec )5 omends that all the municipalities of the state adopt the idea which the id correspondent says prevails in, this city and fine the gamblers at' stated intervals, admitting that the law is a failure, but with a more flattering scale of recognition. The Journal says that there is not a city or town in the state that could not make good Il use of the money derived and says that ic despite the -talk of the purists -that a- such revenue would be "dirty money," e, dirtier money than this finds its way )f into the coffers of every incorporated e community in the union and spas . modic protests does not tend to.check r-,the flow. The municiplarty that can d show notable results in the way of s- public improvements that make for the health and comfort of the classes it that can ill afford such comforts at 1- their own costs is not catechised too b closely by the world at large as to d the sources from which it drew the i- income to achieve these results. r- The estemed Journal will find plenty y of thinking and law abiding citizens t, who will agree with it on this proposi n tion, but as long as public opinion is :- the factor it now is laws such as the e one of which it thinks so little will y be enacted and sparodic effort made a at their enforcement. But it is not L. of this The Gazette would speak. It t is the belief of this paper that the correspondent of the Independent has f been misinformed. The Gazette does t not believe that an "understanding" r has been arrived at between the city e authorities and the gamblers by which e the latter are to be "protected." Mayor i- George is not that kind of a man, neither are the other city officials constructed along such lines. They y are all conscientious and intend to do e their duty to the best of their ability b e and as demanded by the law. If men 1 I want to gamble they will do so in i spite of all the laws that can be I crowded onto the statutes and all the d police and other peace officers that a b city or county can employ. The only 0 thing they or any other officers can I do is.. to caulse the arrest of persons a guilty of violating the gambling o " other laws. If the parties arrested a and prosecuted wish to turn about and a again violate the law they must be c prepared to take the consequences of P their acts. While the law says nobody I1 shall keep a place wherein gambling b is permitted and if he does he shall u beAfined, it does not command that $ peace officers and city or county offic- a ials shall constitute themselves "shad- s ows" to follow those whom they may suspect of harboring a desire to en- 0 gage in a little quiet draw or back n their judgment on the order in which a certain cards will emerge from a t littlenickleplated box. It is only when c they have reason to believe that this i is being done or have positive know- t ledge of the fact that they arerequired c to act in their official capacity. In the n instance under consideration this was tf done and the matter of the imposition s Sof fines was no doubt wholly governed o Sby the judgment of the court before r whom the arrested parties were ar- o raigned. Furthermore, after naming c the places the Journal describes as fi large "centers of population," what r other city, better than Billings, can y lay claim to the distinction which such d designation bestows? The trouble e with the Journal is that it does not ti go away from home often enough to n keep informed as to the changes and y growth of its neighbors and conse- ti quently continues to think of them as c it knew them during its younger days, p small, straggling, but ambitious places tI with everything before them and in e the future. The Journal is invited to S take a day off and run up this way. It ii will see a marked difference between b "Alkali Flat" of years ago and bust- a ling, busy, enterprising Billings. tl A CONVT.ETa Ius.na-. an. . A CONVERT'S ENTHUSIASM. With the zeal and enthusiasm c-har tacteristic of so many newly convert ted, the Butte Inter Mountain is in clined to slop over in its efforts to convince the world of the sincerity of its conversion and reclamation .frm the paths of wickedness into which it once upon a time allowed itself to wander. Just to show how truly an'l sincerely republican it now is it un dertakes in a patronizing sort- of way to lecture The Gazette for not igree ing with some of the other repuhli tan newspapers of the state concern '"ng the wisdom of a recent federal ..a t. The Butte convert ol llow it- to blend wits that of its f advisor. a The Gazette is above all things a republican newspaper and- because it 'loves the party and believes in its t principles it has seen fit to criticise the appointment which its esteemed r Butte contemporary so zealously and earnestly endorses. ' It is because of its straight record as a party organ s that The Gazette rather doubts the I good taste and propriety of the Inter s Mountain to come forward at this time with a plea for harmony in the party. When the Intel, Mountain f was doing its best to help to elect a r democrat to the position of. president 3 and when it considered the interests - of its neighbors, the silver miners, as .outweighing the combined inter ests of the nation to the extent that it was willing that ! pronounced free trader should occupy, the executive chair and a free trade congress should legislate for the country so that the "crime of '73" should be wiped out, The Gazette remained steadfast in its faith and supported the republican ticket, both as to the nation and the state.. At that time the Inter. Mount ain was sowing the seeds of discord and was totally -indifferent as to the welfare of the nation, jilst so that 'the I owners of the silver mines about the hills of Butte would get fictitious values for their product, regardless of the fact that success of thq party a which it supported meant ruin and I misery for the sheep men, the cattle men, the farmers and the laboring men of the rest of the country. While I the Inter Mountain has recanted and t its contrition and reform are sincere, it should not forget its past trans- l gressions nud give the real, all the a time republican newspapers of the 2 state which may not agree with it on the appointment in question credit t for being honest and actuated by mo- a itves pure and honorable. The Ga- y zette may be relied upon to be al- i ways truly and consistently republi- f can because it cannot be otherwise c and remain true to itself, but it has a its own opinions about matters con- j cerning what is good and what is c not good for the party and will at all i times give voice to those opinions, re- s gardless of the advice that other s newspapers may have to offer. N NEW SUBSIDY BILL. o Representative Minor of Wisconsin y has prepared a new shipping bill a which it is his purpose to introduce a in congress this winter to take the e place of the subsidy bill defeated e during the last session.. The Minor a bill is designed to remove the chief v objections that atta he4t tothe Hanna SFrye bill' and it is the belief of the s author that many of those who op posed the old measure will give their 1 support to the new. Meanwhile the advocates of the defeated. bill are credited with the intention of again f pushing that measure, but inra slight r ly modified form. Of course, they will be opposed again by those who are I unwilling that the annual subsidy of I t $9,000,000 shall nearly all go to the - owners of fast sailing passenger - steamers. r The Minor bill ignores the element of speed as a guage of subsidy and c makes cargo carryng capacity the test I and the qualification. This is intpnded I L to stimulate the exporting trade of the country and will undoubtedly cause some of those who were in opposi - tion to the old measure to favorably I I consider the one which the Wisconsin I man thinks should pass. It also con stains a provision that no subsidies L shall be paid to foreign built ships I I owned by Americans, which puts the 1 recently acquired Morgan vessels out ] - of the running, so far as a subsidy is i concerned. Another commendable f s feature of the Minor bill is that it reduces the period of subsidy to ten s years and the maximum aggregate I disbursed by the treasury shall not I exceed $5,000,000, instead of $0,000,000 the sum provided by the Hanna-Frye 1 measure. No ships more than 20 years old shall receive the benefit of the subsidy and the Standard Oil I company's tank steamers are ex pressly excluded from the benefits of I the measure. The new line of steam- I ers from Chicago via the lakes andt St. Lawrence river to European ports I is mentioned as being entitled to the I benefits of the bill, the subsidy to I apply only for the ocean portion of I the voyage. One very commendable feature of the bill is that which pro vides that subsidized ships shall carry t all postal maters free of charge to the I government and are subject to a sys- 1 tem of rigid inspection. i It will be seen that the new bill has a much to recommend it as against the z old and is a thoroughly busin6ss-like x measure. If it is absolutely neces- a sary to subsidize American shipping 1i the results sought to be obtained by a c system of governmental aid are more c likely to follow some such law as .on- |> templated by Representative Minor to than by any law such as the advocates It of the defeated bill sought to have 1 enacted. such a measure would go In..thr its our freight service and act as astim ulus to the construction and maintain a ance of shipping calculated to expanc it the nation's commerce with foreigr Its lands, While the Minor bill is im se measureably better than the Hanna ed Frye bill, it does not seem to follow ad that it is necessary to subsidize Amer of ican ship owners in order to enablk an the'm"lto compete with the foreigners he American manufacturers of steel and er iron are now successfully competing 1is with those of Europe in every branch he of business into which those metal in enter and with the constantly incrEas, a ing growth of the country's foreign nt conuprce and the concurrent demand ts for shipping the Hill idea that nc s, subsidy is needed to reinstate America r- as a maratime power does not seem at as absurb as its enemies try to make se it appear. re The national bureau of navigation Id reports that during the last fiscal le year 1,1738 ships of 401,285 Were built, it, as against 1,058 of 305,677_tons for the ts previous year. By adding the canal Ln boats and barges 'built during the Le same period it is, estimated that fully .t- 3,331 tons are added to the gross *d tonn. je of the craft built in the coun ie try. A significant feature of the re 'e port is the statement that of the num 1e ber of vessels built fifteen were ocean is going ships, constructed of steel and is aggregating 70,667 tons, built on the Y seaboard, and nine steel steamers .d built on the lakes for the ocean ser Le vice. Great as the improvement is g shown to be, we are still a long ways .e behind Great Briain and Germany, as d the former, last year built 664 ocean , steamers. of an aggregated tonnage of - 1,432,600 tons, while Germany con e structed sixty-three steel steamers of e 213,984 tons. n It is a somewhat peculiar position of it things that under the existing lays we - are able to build steel steamers and L- warships for foreign countries, while 1- it is claimed that we cannot build the 1- former for ourselves at a cost to e compete with foreign builders and s still make a reasonable profit on them. l- Just how the friends of a ship subsidy s can explain this condition of things Ll is not quite clear. If we can con struct ships for foreigners it would r seem that we should be able to con struct the same for ourselves and- as our foreign commerce is continually expanding the merchant marine should keep pace with that expan sion. With increased freight and the liberal subsidies which our govern ment pays for the transportation of the mails it looks to one not thor oughlyversed in all the intricasies of the question that-the American mer chant marine should be 'able to get along without additional.aid from the government. WHAT BIL..INGS NEEDS. SA number of times 'Tie Gazette has i taken occasion to call the attention of the people of the city to some of 1 the needs of Billings to insure its permanency and future prosperity and growth as well. One of these needs and the greatest is the pres ence of manufacturies, institutions giving employment to a large num ber of men all the year around. With out a permanent payroll to send money through the arteries of trade no town. or city can hope to assume a position of importance among those of the state in-which it is situated or acquire more than a local stand ing and name. The Gazette recog I nizes the fact that Billings by reason of location and distance from the markets for certain lines of. manu facture cannot hope to ever become the manufacturing center that some places no larger than itself are, but for all that It is so situated that in some lines it may aspire to compete with the best of them. One of the in stitutions that could be made to pay here and pay well is a woolen mill. Located in the heart of the largest wool producing territory in the union, with two lines of railroads to afford communication with the whole of the west and northwest, it would seem that Bilings is an ideal place for the establishment of such an enterprise. It cannot be said that a lack of cap ital bars inauguration of the indus try. Not another city of its size has so many wealthy men whose capital is less involved and so easy of con version into ready money. Only the initiative is lacking, for the public spiritedness of Billings men is pro verbial. The Gazette calls on some of the many gentlemen whose homes are here and who expect to close their lives in the city to take the lead and it feels confident that they will be ably and enthusiastically seconded by many. The matter is one of the ut nfost importance to the community and further delay may . prove injur ious, for there are other towns and communities which are seriously dis cussing the advisiblitty of instituting just such an enterprise and. should they carry the plans into execution the ones to enter the held later would Sand thertelve . greatly handicappeI While it ilb- true that those concerns employ many' persons, their capacity for furnishing work is limited to the needs of their requirements. It is doubtful whether anyone of them could find work for another person more thin it now employes and unless other avenues are opened it is need less to look for a continued accretion of population and the city will remain stationery, except so'far as the natur al increase is bonceirne and ,even those now approaching-the- age 'when they must become producers will find themselves forced to go elsewhere for lack of something to do at homo. The question is a serious .6pe and not only concerns the immediate present, but also concerns the future. By taking the necessary steps to establish and operate such an enterprise as The Gazette suggests it is only reasonable to suppose that other manufacturies would follow. 'Nothing is so effective and productive of results as example; [let it be known that Billing- has a woolen mill and other men seeking investment in the way of manu:nct u:ring establishments will come here a' d before :t is realize dO a number of such concerns will be in ',lccessful operation. The presence in this city of a wool en mill would prove of undoubted ben efit to the wool producers and they would be among the first to realize the fact and could be depended upon to become liberal subscribers to the capital stock of any company that might be organized, provided reliable and responsible men were at the head of the movement. Inaugurattion of the enterprise need not be under taken hapharzardly or blindly.- The first requisite would, of course, be some sort of a temporary organiza tion, after which a committee should be appointed to visit places where i woolen mills are in successful opera tion to acquire knowledge as to the proper machinery. and the probable cost of a plant such as would meet the requirements of the proposed company. This accomplished sub scription books could be opened for the benefit of those who desired jto take stock in the concern. By p!ac- f ing the shares at a reasonable figure no difficulty would be- experienced in securing- the required amount of cap ital to build and equip the mill. ,A 4 market for the products would speed- I ily follow, for the fame of the wool e produced in the territory tributary I to Billings is wide spread and would t be a guaranty as to the quality of c the goods turned out. With two main I lines of railroad reaching every sec- e tion where a market would be looked for and with the promise of another o line in the near future leading into g a large and rich territory, there is r everything here necessary to make t a woolen mill a success from the very inception of such an enterprise. It p needs only some one with push and t energy to take the lead; the rest will e be comparatively easy. t r A Strong Mining Company Operating in Butte. The Butte Mining and Development company is sinking a three compart ment shaft at the corner of Silver and Colorado streets. The shaft is down 350 feet and the indications for a great mine are very encouraging. The vein on which the company is sinking is the largest in Butte. It has always been known as the Mother lode of the camp. The plant consists of three 80 horse power boilers, a five-drill air. compressor, which does away with hand drilling, an engine capable of hoisting from a depth of 1,200 feet, powerful pumps, tanks, cars, black smith shop, shaft house, lumber yard, etc. A force of 26 experienced min ers is putting the shaft down at the rate of 80 feet per ,month. They .ex pect to strike fine ore at a depth of 650 feet. You do not find a copper mine in Butte except with depth. The company thinks that in securig the "Emma" they got one of the best claims in Butte. About $40,000 has already been spent on he mine and its magnificent plant. There is now about $65,00u cash in the treasury. The following list of officers, not one of whom receives any salary, absolutely guarantees the honesty and legitimacy of the proposition: Presi dent, ex-United States Senator Lee Mantle; vice president, ex-Postmaster J. H. Lynch; treasurer, Fayette Har rington; cashier at the Silver Bow National bank of Butte; secretary, W. W. McDowell, former owner of the Copperopolis mine. Directors: Hon. Lee Mantle, J. H. Lynch, Fayette Harrington, George H. Robinson, consulting engineer and ex dert for the Montana Ore Purchasing company; James A. Talbott, vice president of the First National bank of Butte; W. L. Moyer, vice-president of the Western National bank of New York City; A. E. Spriggs, ex lieutenant governor of Montana; Jay Anderson, merchant, White Sulphur Springs, and other well knows gen tlemen. The par value of the stock is $5 per share, but the company has decided to place 25,000 shares of its treasury stock on the market at $1.50 per share. Prospectus mailed free. For further information write or call on the agents. of the company, Reynolds & Mc Dowell, 46 East Broadway, Butte. 260-10-24-2. Baseball. National league: Cincinnati, 4; )rooklyn, 2. Chicago, 4; New York, HARSH WAIL FROM BRYAN an GREATLY DISPLEASED WITH STHE eCANNOT LOSE HIM i -e id ventioiste nAs ei Support for nodadnes, es e;` Lincoln; July 15-In an extended. a comment on the platform adopted by 1k the Ohio democratic convention, W. t- J. Bryan criticised the convention for re its failure to re-affirm the Kansas er City platform and what he regards as l Ithe weakness of some of the planks it did adopt. t- Bryan insists that the convention n- made a mistake in making himself Ty (Bryan) an issue and says: "Mr. %e Bryan is -not a candidate for any of in flce, and mention of him'- Aht -have 1e been construed by some: an en it dorsement of him -for:, office. The le vote should have been'upon the nak d ed proposition to endorse the plat If from of last year and' then no one r- could have excused his abandonment le of democratic principles by pleading e his dislike for Bryan." I- Referring to the platform he con .d tinues: "The convention not only e failed, but refused to- endorse or re - affirm the Kansas City platform and e from the manner in which the gold .e element has rejoiced over this feat t ure of the convention, one would sup- - d pose that the main object of the con )- vention was not to. write a new plat r from, but to repudiate one on which ' the last national campaign was 2- fought. e "The gold -papers assume that the n convention refused to adopt the Kan )- sas City platform because it contain k ed a silver plank. If so, it would l- have been more courageous to have !l declared openly for the gold standard. Y If the gold' tandard is good, it ought d to have been endorsed, if bad it f ought to have been denounced. T. n ignore the subject entirely was in-h excusable." d "The money question is not yet out r of politics. Every session of con U gress will have to deal with it. .The s republicans declare that it is dead, e but. they keep working at it." r Bryan 'comments on parts of the t platform, especially those referring. t to state and municipal affairs. He I endorses the nominees of the conven tion and urges their support. Refer ring to -the senatorial fight and re ported candidacy of John R. McLean he says: t "Did the leaders ignore the money question in order to please those who bolted? or does Mr. McLean want to t be left free to affiliate with the re f publicans on the financial questions B in case of his election?" He 'concludesas follows: "If any of the Ohio democrats feel r aggrieved because the re-oranization 1 element of the party triumphed at the convention, let them not visit their disappointment upon the §tate ticket, but ratther see to the nominations of senators and representatives who will select a trustworthy senator. Let them see to it also that the state plat form is made at the erimaries the neit time, rather than at the conven tion." tion." RIOTOUS NEGROES Colored Excursionists Start a Dis turbance-Two Policemen Shot. Americus, Ga., July 15-Several hundred negro excursionists from Macon this afternoon caused a riot here, resulting in the shooting of two policemen and instant killing of Bill English, a Macon negro, and the ring leader of the diSturbance. Three 'of the excursionists began a shooting affray and Policem~en Glawson and Albrittin attempted to arrest Bill En ;lish, when the negro fatally shot Al )rittin in the abdomen. At that mom mnt Glawson shot English in the head. ~nglish, though dying, raised himself n his elbow and fired again at the policeman, both of whom returned he fire. English fell dead at the see id fire. GlaWson was shot through e thih .Intense exeitement pre Ist this hour, though the police