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The Billings Gazette.
Gazette Printing Company; Publishers E. H. B.CKER, Editor. Official City and County Paper. Subscrtvtton 'Mates: One year, .0 advance .....................$3.00 Six months............................ 1.50 Single copies.............................. .05 DAILY GAZETTE. Per Year, by mail, in advance.........$9.00 Per Month, by mail..:.................. 75 Per Month, by carrier................ 1.00 Entered at the Billings Postoffice as Seoond Olass Matter. FRIDAY, JULY 19, "901. RAILROAD ASSESSMENTS. To the law which makes the dut of assessing their property the spec ial prerogative of the state board c equalization, instead of being con pelled to submit to the valuations th various assessors of the state migh place upon it, as are other owners a property, are the railroads operatin; in MQntana indebted for the compare tively light taxes they are requirer to pay. The state board seems to b made up of complacent and obligin; gentlemen in whom the traditions desire to "soak" such corporation common to most men finds no lod ment. On the contrary, they appea to be animated by the most kindl: and generous motives in their dealing; with the railroad companies, as i: evidenced by the small valuation; they put on their properties. Take the case of the Northern Pacific, fo: instance. While that company ha, bonded its road at the rate of $35,00( per mile, the board very considerately and benevolently assesses it at $5,60( per mile, and that, too, when the gross earnings of the company art given out at $32,000,000 annually. Why the board sees fit to place sucl a ridiculous!y small valuation upoi the company's property only its mem bers seem to know. The Gazette doer not wish to be understood as beinj one of that class who are constantly inveighing against the railroads be -cause it is a popular thing to do. I has no such feelings in the matter It realizes that the railroads have helped develop the state and have done much to contribute to its pros perity and growth, but it also realize: that what they have done was througt purely selfish motives and simply as a business proposition. They were primarily built as ani investment prom ising large and possibly speedy re turns and since their completion have been operated on the same principles that other large business enterprises are operated, although their attitude toward the public cannot be said to be marked with the same liberality that distinguishes other large corporations doing business in the state and de pending upon the public for their pat ronage. Truth compels the statement that they have been anything but lib eral or kindly disposed and only too often evince a desire to make the best of the advantage they possess in being without competitors in some certain directions to gouge the peo ple. To this charge the Northern Pacific and Great Northern, if they are truthful, must of necessity plead guilty. Both at all times have main tained rates which often must strike those compelled to pay them as being exorbitant and discriminatory. Their treatment of the people of this state is no better now than it has been in the past. It is true that they have 'reduced passenger rates several times and also have made reductions in the excessive freight rates they were wont to charge during the earlier years of their operations, but those reductions were not made because of any wish on their part to ease the burdens of the people of the state. They were simply business strokes that could be made because of changed conditions and consequently increas Ing traffic adding to the earnings with out a proportionately large increase in the operating expenses. Rates are still very high when comparison i< made of the local and the througl r.Etes It costs the Montana shippel :j)most as much, pound for pound, t( ceilve a consignment of freight fron ~. east as it does his cogener or q. oast, and a ticket from St. Pau S--Montana point costs as much ai o entitling the holder to trans on to some point on the Puge' slthogh .the distance is onl 'i-.'· e halt In many other wayx Se cpggii es are continually showinj tbti hey:regard the people of inter ae$ epointe as so many gudgeoni tgbuz buItte eonslderation nee, Itjt' fausae of this spiril _la.b the conipanier toward the citi be hoped that for once precedent may be ignored and the railroad assess ments placed at amounts fairly rep resentative of the actual value of the property listed. Other states insist that the railroads pay a fair propor tion of the taxes and Montana should insist upon Lhe same conditions so far as she is concerned. Nevada may be quoted as one of the states which believes that railroads are not entit led to considerations denied her citi zens and sees to it that they are as sessed justly and equitably. Montana should do likewise.r By adopting the Nevada plan the board will do no in justice to the companies, while at the same time dividing the burden of taxation in more equitable and just proportions. The railroads, the same as the citizens, are benefitted by the laws and the protection they afford and should not expect to enjoy greater exemption from the cost necessary to maintain order and government than does the humblest citizen. A NOTABLE LIST. Everybody knows that it was the old yacht America which brought the cup from England which the British yachtmen have ever since been try. ing to win back Also everybody knows that that important event took place in the year 1S51. In that year the America crossed the ocean and took part in the great series of races which for the first time demonstrated the superiority of the Yankee racing boat. So badly did she defeat her competitors that practically they were never at any time in the race. Al though the cup became the property of the owners of the America, by deed of trust they transferred it to the New York Yachting club as a perpetual challenge trophy to be sailed for when ever the trustee was chal lenged in due form. Subsequently the last survivor of the original owners somewhat modified the deed and the racing conditions have been changed. Twenty-six cup defenders, says the New York Sun, have since the Amer ica's victory met so many British challengers, but not one has ever been beaten. The boat now being tried out makes the Twenty-seventh which has been especially constructed to race where the cup was involved. The America being the original winner of the trophy, cannot properly be classed among the defenders. To the boats which have succeeded her the title properly belongs. The list of yachts which have sailed in the cup races including the first winner is as follows: America. Alice, Tidal Wave, Madeline, Madgie, Phan tom, Rambler, Idler, Halycon, Taro linta, Dauntless, Magic, Sylvie, Fleet wing, Calypso, Widgeon, Alarm, Col umbia, Sappho, Mischief, Puritan, Mayflower, Volunteer, Vigilant, De fender, Columbia. To this must be added the Constitution, althiugh as yet she cannot be said to have sailed in a race, nor is it even definitely Settled that she shall be the defender this time, though reasonably sure to )e the yacht selected to meet Lipton's sew Shamrock. BREAKS HIS SILENCE. As was to be expected the platform idopted by the recent democratic state convention of Ohio 'does not suit Mr. Bryan and no surprise is elt because he has seen fit to de lounce it and do it in plain and vig )rous language. Surprise, however, lid exist because he kept still so long, )ut the reason for his quiescence is ow,- apparent-he was merely waiting or the proper time to come before oicing his indignation. He has still riends among the democrats of the Buckeye state and he merely waited o see what they would do before he inburdened himself. They have come )ut at last and hence the violent rup nure of the quiet and stillness which )btained in the vicinity of Lincoln luring the days that everybody was xpecting a hurricane and cyclone from that part of the country. They are going to hold a convention of their )wn and show the McLeans, Kilbour ces and others of the plutocratic, Mammon worshipping crowd that they are not the only fruit on the tree. not by a long shot. What is more, that convention will reaffirm everything contained in the Chicago and Kansas City platforms and re furbish the halo of the gentleman from the Platt valley. It will nominate a ticket and good care will be- taken that the name of not a single goldbug shall have place upon it. To be sure that everything is regular and accept able to the diety which rules the roost, copies of all speeches, a draft of the platform and resolutions and also ofthe slate will be submitted before hand for the approval of the mighty one. It will be one sweet song of peace and harmony and the man who dares to mention gold, ex cept in the way of excoriation, will be ejected bodily from the convention hall and his name published to the world as a traitor and outcast to-Te shunned forever by all who believe that Bryan is the thing and silver the second divinity to be worshipped by thbe true belieyers. ut Bryan has learned a lot more of politics than he knew some tim ago. It will be seen that while he I tree in his criticisms and denuncis tions of the platform, he takes gooc care not to say a word against any o the nominees; on the contrary, h eulogizes them- and asks the suppor of the party for them. How sincer, he is in making the request, of course only he can tell, but he keeps hi record clear and the charge of boltinl cannot be laid at his door. While in wardly he may wish for the defea of the men nominated, he is carefu not to leave an opening for his ene mies to take advantage of in thi future and no matter what charge, they may bring against him as far as disloyalty to the platform is concerne( he is clear of attaint as to the ticket and with the man whom he hates above all others he can expand hii chest and proclaim "I am a demo crat." Wily Mr. Bryan. While urg ing his followers to support the ticket he is scheming to bring abonu its defeat and damning it with faini praise as the best way of accom plisiing his end. Mad? Of course he is mad; simply boiling over with indignation and the way he goes al the platform shows it. But he is an humble- man and although he has been kicked out' of the party in Ohic he does not propose to stay out and they cannot get rid of him quite as easily as they thought. They may pitch him out of doors, but he will crawl back through the window, all the time waiting for a chance to get back at Dave Hill,. whom he holds responsible as the author of his woes and disgrace. It will be interesting to watch his maneuvers from now. Having come out with an appeal for support for the ticket nominated on a platform that abandons all democratic principles and is a snare and a delusion, natur ally wonder exists as to what he will do when the other fellows, who believe as he believes and who receive their inspiration from him nominate their ticket. The predicament in which he will then find himself will be one suf ficiently complicated to tax even the ability of Mr. Bryan as a man gifted with the knack of getting out of tight places politically. If he remains neutral he will lose the friends who are going to sacrifice themselves for him and if he urges support of their ticket he will lay himself open to the charge of untruthfulness and deceit because he has already urged all lemocrats to support the ticket now in the field. But Bryan is shifty and his skill as a political acrobat may be depended upon to get him out some way, if such a thing is at all possi ble. Meanwhile such ardent admirers and stanch supporters of his as the Butte` Miner call him a "scold," and say that he is not likely to make the world feel any too kindly toward lim. FORT KEOGH. According to the information ri ceived from there and from Miles'Cit: also, it would seem that the days c Fort Keogh as a military post ar about numbered. While the orde abandoning the fort has not yet bee formally issued, the fact that all wor has been stopped on the new hospite and the workmen have been di, charged, on orders from the war d" partment, makes it only a ma' ter of a short time, possibly day: until the final order by which th troops now there will be removed an the post actually abandoned.. To th people of Miles City the abandonmen of the fort will mean a great financia loss, as the post in the past has bee: one of the principal sources of revenu to the merchants and business me: generally of the place and has alsi put much money in circulation amon: the ranchers and farmers of tha locality. Socially also the city will b, the loser, as the officers and thei families have always been prominen in Miles City society and have con tributed not a little to the gayety ani pleasures of the town. But Miles City and its immediate Vicinity will not be the only losers by the abandonment of the fort. Th4 loss, directly and indirectly, will bi that of the entire eastern part of the state. It is true that during the years which have elapsed since the Spanils war began the garrison maintainer there has been a small one, never exceeding a troop of caval~yr but be fore that time, when the post was garrisoned to its full capacity, it a. forded a market for much that the people of Custer and the other east ern Montana counties had to sell especially in the way of forage, beel cattle and horses, and much mone in consequence was put into circula tion that otherwise would never hav found its way into what may be des 'gnated as local channels. This gacl and the further fact that eastern iontana will now be left without - ingle garrison to protect t aspinal possible Indian uprisings, somsthInl :hat is likely to occur at almo.t any ime and when least expected, will ause the regret fait at the Order abandoning the post to be mor;A.. nerely local to MiUes ,Oty *i3 * people who see i of the attendant results of the order Sentiment will also largely enter int the regret, as Fort Keogh has player an important part in many of the stir ring events which go to make up the history of this portion of the north west and which was the last remaininj portion of what was once the westeri frontier to yield to the influence o civilization and be wrested from the old, wild life and all its romance an( dangers. The very name the pos bears brings up. recollections of thi days when the savage and the out law vied with each other in acts o' destruction and lawlessness. Bull almost immediately after the Custer battle, General Miles, now the rank ing officer of the United States army then colonel of the Fifth infantry who located the fort and under whose supervision it was built, decided te name it after one of the brave officere who lost their lives in that memorable and awful conflict, Captaih Keogh o1 the Sevelth cavalry, the regimens which was almost wiped out of ex istence in the wild charge of Gall ane the other chiefs, Sioux and Cheyennes -ho cgmmanded the red warriors or that istoric field. To those who have come since then the story of that battle and the era which it practically closed hac only the charm of history to interest them, but to, those who were ever then in this part of the country en gaged in advancing the outposts o1 civilization, law and order it has a greater and deeper interest. The building of the post now doomed to abandonment was the embodied word of the government that they would not be left alone and without protect ion against the savages who sur round them and whose fastnesses they had invaded to reclaim the wilderness and make it a fit habitation for hon est, thrifty and sturdy men and their families and lay the foundation of the magnificent empire erected since then. Many are there still in this part of the state, in fact in the entire north west, who gratefully recall the first days of the old fort and the sense of security and. safety its presence af forded and -they will join in the re gret that soon it will be nothing but a name, a collection of deserted and decaying buildings, given over to the bat and the owl, a silent but elo quent witness giving testimony to days and events replete with the most stirring and exciting themes. But there are many similar posts scattered throughout the west. The times and the people which made their erection - and maintainance a necessity have passed forever, and the government in abandoning them is looking to the-practical side and act ing with a view to reducing the ex pense of maintaining the army. But Fort Keogh is not to be classed with many of the forts abandoned in rec ant years. It cannot be truthfully said that no excuse for its fu"-.her ex isteuce can be advanced. Like Fort Ouster it stands in the center of a large territory given over to the In ians and the wisdom of its abandon ment may be seriously questioned, the same as was questioned the wisdom Df the order which led to the evacua tion of Fort Custer, a post named in. honor of the chief figure in the last ;reat battle fought in this country between the white and the red man. A pretty and interesting story might be written about the abandonment of Fort Custer, but it is probably not necessary to write it now. The post was abandoned and that ended the matter as far as some people were concerned. Judging from present indications the men who robbed the Great North ern train near Malta, July 3, will never be caught. The possesthat have been following up trails and alleged clues are returning to their homes and the chase after the outlaws has been practically abandoned. It is true a few men still remain out, to guard the southern boundary of the bad lands in order that escape of the banditti in that direction, should they still be in the section to the north, may be cut off. But even the presence of the guard in that locality is merely a matter of precaution and nobody be lieves that the robbers are anywhere near the guarded area. The officers who have led the. posses apparently have done all that could be reason ably expected of them and everything has been done by them that prudence and anearnest desire to capture the guilty ones could suggest, To those who believe in the administration of the law and the punishment of the lawless the failure to capture the des peradoes is the source of regret, not nly because the perpetrators of this particulgr crime are likely to go' un punished, but because It may stimulate )thers of the same kind into the com nission of more crimes of like sort. As itf t- make amends for all the nean things it has said about that yody, the Ancoltda; Standard hastens o give unstinted and earnest praise o the admlnistration for the excel eant work it has done in the cities of Fellogre e -.Not a odde - that has not been equaled, the Stand arid assures its -readeis, since 178l Santiago; too, is free from the disease the first time in several huindre years After, speaking of the excellent re( ord General Wood has made in thi regard the Standard continues an says: "Had no -other benefit follower the war with Spain, this in Itsel would have been sufficient recom pense for the outlay." The Intel Mountain will please make note o this. UBIQUITOUS PAT CROWE. It is in order for the Hon. Pat Crow to publish a card and end the agon, of doubt in which the people of th nation find themselves as to the ex act geographical location- of hi whereabouts. A detective who claim to possess intimate knowledge con cerning Mr. Crowe's vagaries and per sonal habits, as well as his predilec tions and versatility, is authority to the statement that the gentlemni~ wa one of those who recently engaged i. the little piece of pleasantry of whici the Great Northern express and rail road companies were the butts, whil right on top of this comes a Missour lawyer who claims to have received i draft from him issued by a Souti African bank. It may be reasoned b3 the detective that it was necessary for Pat to make a raise before hn could pay his old attorney fees, bu the fact that the draft came all tht way from Johannesburg makes it ap pear unreasonable that he secures the necessary money in Montana, ai the time which elapsed between thl train robbery and the receipt of the draft at St. Joseph was ndt sufficlel to enable Mr. Crowe to shift th: scene of his presence to that place and send the draft too. Then, too, it doeE not seem, liberal spender that he may be, that Mr. Crowe could have spent his share of the hponey donated tc him by Mr. Cudahy last winter. Ii it is allathe same to him, and to spare the feelings of Mr. "Kid" Curry, pop ular belief will locate Mr. Crowe's abiding place in South Africa and free him of any complicity in the en tertainment enacted at Wagner, cap able as he may be to play a stella part in the performance. PENURIOUS REGULATIONS. Harper's Weekly: The American people have bprne their war taxes cheerfully. This being the indisput" ed fact, it ill-becomes the authoritier to hedge about with needless and irk some regulations the redemption of unused revenue stamps, the chief re sults of which will be to save a few paltry dollars to the treasury and to increase to an appreciable extent the irritation of the public during an al ready over-irritating season. The re quirement that stamps shall- be re deemable only at Washington and that affidavits proving ownership must ac company each lot sent in for redemp tion is utterly absurb and unworthy of a government apart of whose duties is to promote the happiness of the people. Especially in the matter of bank checks are the requirements without reason. The amounts cannot be large and in the nature of things many persons would rather suffer the loss of a few dollars than subject themselves to the inconvenience of the redemptiion, but why any holder of these stamps should be compelled to lose even so little as 2 cents is not at all clear. The principle involved is the same as though the amounts ran into thousands of dollars and Mr. Gage's subordinates in charge of this affair should be made to understand he fact. Every national bank in the country should be a medium of redemption for the government's obligations in this matter and should be required to pay as due honor to a genuine 2-cent rev enue -stamp as to a $1,000 treasury note that is not a counterfeit. I'he republican state committee of )hio begs to assure Mr. Bryan and his friends of its distinguished regard and also desires to make due acknowledg ment of the excellent service they are rendering the party in the state. If the gentleman desires proof of his un manly and ungenerous treatment by he McLeans and Kilbournes as fur her cause of action against them, the oommittee will no doubt be only too happy to furnish it. It does begin to appear as ift thi Rev. Mr. Bovard of Helena has de signs on the lecture platform or ii aspiring to the authorship of a book The liberal advertising he receive, because of his attacks on the clubs of the city in which he is engagei in the Master's work seems to have given him an idea, as he is now di recting his attentions to the Rev. Mr Minot T. Savage of New York, whosb liberal expressions concerning the proper way of spending the Sabbath have aroused the Helena dominie'i Ire to the same pitch as did the wick ed men who drink- high bialls and play "old maid" In the Montana club md other social orgsnisatidas of tlal kind ,hich exist at the state capita rho irst outbreak of righteouis int ar n'~; -" by assailing one of his own cloth . notional reputation he may expect t have his renown extended beyon the cramped limits of Montana an .thus pave the way easily for an intre duction to the people of the entir country. OPENINC IS JOYOUS ON0 EPWORTH LEAGUE CONVEI TION BEGINS WORK. IMPRESSIVE 8CENE ENACTEI Principal Exercises Prove Unusual ly Inspiring and Long. to Be Remembered. San Francisco, July 18-The ilftl international convent;on of the Ei wci T, league was openo 1 today undo most auspices con.htlons.. The weath er was ideal and the attendance equal led the most sanguine expectations The scene at Mechanics pavillion where the, pricipal exercises of thi day were held, was one not soon to be forgotten. Never in its histor, has the spacious interior of. the pa villion presented a more impressive spectacle' and every unsightly inch o wall was hid by tasteful decorations The great volumes of music fron human throats and accompanimen of the Stanford organ inspired a feel ing of reverential admiration ant homage. The railroads had virtually fulfille( their promises and landed the last o the eastern delegates here in time for the introductory services. The great army of 30,000 men and womes in the rank and file was provided for in a manner most .gratifying to all This morning 'communion was ser ved in three of the largest churchet in the city, which, however, were en tirely too small to accommodate th, throng which sought admission. B3 noon the vast interior of Mechanics pavillion, having a capacity of over 15,000 people, was filled with a mass of humanity which moved slowl3 along the aisles, stopping at frequeni intervals to examine and partake. ol some choice California fr,'it, for, with lavish hospitality, almost everytli.in had been provided without cost, tc the visitors. The pavilion is ordinarily a big bare, barn like structure, but it has beentransformed into a spacious and comfortable auditorium, lavishly dec orated with flags , evergreens and flowers, and roofed with the national colors. The acoustics have been greatly improved and the music of the grand organ rolls through the buliding without an echo. Banners of the nation, of Canada and of the league are everywhere in evidence. A meeting of officers of the league was held shortly after noon and con siderable time was devoted to a dis cussion of work in foreign fields. All the speakers dwelt on the imp,>rtance of spreading the faith in the new p.os essions of the United States. While this conference was in progress, a Christian Chiese, with his five chil dren, wearing the Epworth league badge attracted 'much attention. When the convention proper was called to order by Rev. Thomas Fil ben of Pacific Grove not a blank space was to be seen from the grand organ to the furthest gallery. After a service of song, led by Robert Hus band and participated in by a chorus of 2,000 voices, General Secretary J. F. Berry read a number of congratu latory messages recived from promi nent men throughout the United States, President McKinley and Vive President Roosevelt among them. IN THE MARTS OF TRADE. Record Showing Day's Commercial and Financial Fluctuations. Live Stock. Chicago, July 18-Cattle: Receipts 5,225, including 550 Texans. Active and 15@20 cents higher. Good to choice steers, $firstname.lastname@example.org; good to medium, $email@example.com; stockers and feeders, 15@35. cents higher, $2.30@ 3.50; cows, $firstname.lastname@example.org; heifers, $3.35 @4.30; canners, $email@example.com; bulls, $2 @4.40; calves, ,$firstname.lastname@example.org; Texas steers, $3;email@example.com. Sheep-Receipts 1,000. Steady to strong. ' vmbs steady. Good to choice Tethers, $firstname.lastname@example.org; fair to choice mixed, $email@example.com; western sheep, $firstname.lastname@example.org; western lambs, $email@example.com. # lnew York Money. New York, July 18-Money on call -teady at 805 per cept. Prime meroatile paper`4Q4% per e.ca . '.