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The Billings Gazette.
Gazette PrintingCompany, Publishers E. i. BECKER. Editor. Official City and County Paper. Subscription Rates. One year. in adance............ $3.00 Six months..................... 1.50 Single copies.................... .05 DAILY GAZETTE. Per Year, by mail, in advance.... $9.00 Per Month, by mail.............. .75 Per Month, by carrier.......... 1.00 Entered at the Billings Postoflice as Second Class Matter. FRIDAY, DECEMBER 6, 1901. AN ABLE DOCUMENT. To those who still think of him only as the rough rider storming up San Juan hill, the advocate of the stern uous in all phazes of life and the man who is the very embodiment of every thing that enters into the aggressive, forceful being, the message of Presi dent Roosevelt comes probably as a disappointment. They expected a document filled with radicalism and recommendations against about all existing and accepted institutions.. In stead they are given a calm, conserva tive and statesmanlike, yet plain and forcible exposition of his views, punct uated with sugestions and advice showing the mind of the student and the desires and wishes of the patriot and lover of his fellows. While ad hering to his Buffalo promise to fol low out the lines of conduct as laid out by his predecessor, yet he injects his own personality into every line of the message and the recommendations he makes are both wise and patriotic. Temperate in everything, he yet re tains the force of the man whom the people have come to love, honor and trust. Very properly he devotes the open ing part of the message to the assas sination of McKinley and the recom mendations he makes in regard to the enactment of laws calculated to re press the anarchist and suppress an archy are such as must commend themselves to all who believe in the maintenance of law and the uphold ing of the nation's institutions. Right fully denominating anarchy as a crime not against the individual, but against the whole mass of the people, he rec ommends that to the national govern ment be delegated the authority to deal with anarchists who make as sault on the life of the president or any man in the line of succession to that office. In holding that the combinations of capital which have grown up in re cent years are not traceable to the tariff laws or other actions of the na tional government he but voices a truth known of all thinking, honest men. While recognizing their posses sion of certain rights and acknowledg ing the great benefits that have ac crued to the people in certain in stances because of the great industrial aggregations now existing, he is not unmindful of the harm they may be capable of working and for that rea son makes the recommendations which if followed, he believes, will re sult in their control. For those who are interstate in the nature of their operations he advises federal control and regulation, the same as are ap plied in the case of national banks, and if this fails he recommends adop tion of an amendment to the national constitution. Absolute publicity of operations is the immediate remedy he suggests. To secure this he thinks an official clothed with the power to make frequent examinations of and reports cun the affairs of these great combinations would prove of much benefit, while delegation of greater supervise.ry power to the interstate commerce commission in the same re spect would also be helpful. Although not marked by any rabid or extreme recommendations, the ut terances of the president in reference of the trusts are indicative of a sin cere desire on his part for the accom plishment of something that will curb them and keep them from becoming instruments of danger to the welfare of the nation and the individual. The plain and emphatic manner in Which he recommends the re-enact ment of the Chinese exclusion law and its amendment so as to make it more effective must set at rest all doubt that may have been entertained in the west concerning the position of the president on this very important subject. His recommendations con cerning the necessity for stricter and more effective immigration laws as applying to all foreigners who seek ad Smission to these shores are timely and Swell made. The stand taken by the president on the tariff matter is sensible and patriotic. While recognizing that the time has probably come for a modi ato of some of the existing laws ang our commerce with other . does not advise, as some s . surrender the principle o r. of protection at the behest of a fe' who would be made beneficiaries by tearing down the structure which has conhriouted so much to the nation's greatness and prosperity. He believes in reciprocity, but only as an incident to protection, the same as did Presi dent McKinley, and declares that "pro tective duties must never be reduced below a point that will cover the dif ference between the labor cost here and abroad. The well being of our wage earners is of prime importance." Without advocating the enactment of a subsidy law such as it has been sought to have passed by some of the senators, the president points out the necessity for rehabilitating our mer chant marine and urges the adoption of some remedy calculated to cure the unfortunate conditions now obtaining in our foreign carrying trade. In respect to the conditions existing in the railroad world, which just now are exercising the people of the north west to a degree never before heard of, the president says: "The railway is a public servant. Its rates should be just and open to all shippers alike. The government should see to it that within its jurisdiction this is so and should provide a speedy, inexpensive and effective remedy to that end. At the same time it must not be forgotten that our railways are the arteries through which the commercial lifeblood of this nation flows. Nothing could be more foolish than the enactment of legislationi which would unnecessarily interfere with the development and operation of these commercial agencies. The subject is one of great importance and calls for the earnest attention of the congress." The people of Montana and the other western states will appreciate the fact that such urgent recommendations are made in favor of the irrigation of the arid lands of the western states as to any other subject. The president says in this connection that "the western half of the United States would sus tain a population greater than that of our whole country today if the waters that now run to waste were saved and used for irrigation. The forest and water problems are perhaps the most vital internal questions of the United States." The subject of irrigation is treated f)om the same broad, comprehensive point of view that would be expected from a western man. Plainly the pres ident shows how utterly impossible it is for the reclamation of the arid lands to be brought about by private or state effort and says it is a matter for national enterprise. The govern ,ment should undertake the task of storing the now waste waters and regulating the use of the waters from the streams and rivers for the use of the husbandman who may settle those lands when they shall have been ren dered fit for occupancy. The benefits to the entire nation by the adoption of some comprehensive and rational system of national irrigation are clear ly and suscinctly set out. Labor is made the subject for ex tensive treatment in the message and the recommendations in this connec tion are all marked by the same hon est seriousness and intent as are be stowed upon the other subjects treat ed. That the president is in favor of organized labor when devoted to legitimate purposes is made very- ap parent by his plea for the recognition of "fair" labor in the awarding of all government contracts. The recommendations in regard to the isthmian canal, the navy, army, breaking up of tribal relations in deal ng with the Indians, our insular re ations and the various other subjects which are made a part of the message are all such as everybody can and nust endorse in the heartiest and most unreserved manner. Altogether President Roosevelt's first message is one that does honor not only to its author, but to the great nation whose head he is. WISE AND TIMELY. It is the opinion of The Gazette that lhe county commissioners acted wise ly and well in the selection they have made for a new court house site. In purchasing the property which by deed reverts to the county they show ed due appreciation of the future needs of the community, while the manner in which they went about to secure the land is also to their credit. By operating quietly through a third party they were enabled to obtain the site at its fair value, something that could not have been done had their purpose been advertised and made public to the world. Had it been permitted to be known that the coun ty desired the lots selected prices would have been set on them which would have rendered their acquisi tion impossible. The site is one of the most eligible that could well have been selected, while the price paid is as reasonable as could have been ex pected considering the location.- In fact the commissioners are to be con gratulated on the rare good bargain they were able to make. By purchasing a site at this time the board has greatly simplified the matter of securing a public building for the county, as the possibility of the question of location will not figure In any vote that may be cast on the proposition of bonding the county for a court house. Furthermore purchase at this time has also resulted in a material gain for the taxpayers, as centrally located ground available for such a purpose is constantly appreci ating in value and every delay would have cost the taxpayers. The county now owns three highly valuable properties, the one acquired last Monday, the site of the jail and the sheriff's residence and the present court house and the ground upon which it stands. The latter because of its location can be easily sold for business purposes and at a fair es timation should bring no less than $15,000. The building itself, while wholly unfit for the purpose to which it is now devoted, coulu be readily and cheaply converted into a business block and so converted would assure a rental which would pay more than fair interest on the investment. While not so valuable as the first, the sheriff's residence and ground could also be sold for a good price and at a profit over the original investment. Thus it will be seen that when the proper time comes the county is assured of a neat sum of ready cash which can be devoted toward defraying the cost of the proposed structure. t Of the necessity of a new county building there can be no doubt. The present structure used for that pur pose has long ago outgrown its useful ness and every day that it is occupied it is the source of danger and infinite loss to the county. Totally unprovid ed with fireproof facilities for stor ing the valuable and irreparable pub lic documents kept there, it is an ever menacing danger and only to good fortune is attributable the exemption from loss in that direction that the people have so far enjoyed. Then archtecturally the building is entirely at variance with existing conditions. The county of Yellowstone, one of the wealthiest and most prosperous in the state, should have a public build ing in keeping with its wealth and comportable with its dignity and stand ing. That the people are fully cog nizant of this was evidenced by the large vote cast in favor of bonding the county at the last general election. a technicality prevented the measure from being carried, a techni cality which as yet has never received the sanction of an endorsement by the supreme court, and consequently by many is regarded as of no force and which should not have been permitted to stand in the way of an accomplish ment of the expressed wishes of a large majority of the people of the county. SUPREME COURT OPINION. In the opinion of the United States supreme court the constitution fol ows the flag, regardless of any reso utions the senate may pass to the con rary. In other words, the court hold, ;hat when the treaty of Paris was signed the Philippines ceased to be oreign territory in every respect and hat the islands must be regarded as orming a part of the United States when it comes to the mater of trade )etween the two. This in effect is the portent of the lecision in the celebrated "Fourteen )iamond Rings" case, delivered by he court last Tuesday. By the de ;ision the government is enjoined rom levying any import taxes upon )roducts of the islands brought intc ,his country. Following to its logical ronclusion the line of reasoning adopt rd by the court, it becomes very evi lent that the government is also de rived of the power of exacting duties .pon imports into the islands from his country and that trade between he two divisions must be free and inhampered by any customs, the same is is inter-state trade. If this con :lusion is right then Spain will come n for a large share of benefits, fox inder the treaty of peace made with hat nation it is to enjoy the same ,rade privileges in the archipelago as ere enjoyed by this country-that is or a limited time. One phase of the relations between his country and the islands which las been brought about by the deci ;ion which remains to be considered s, perhaps, of even greater import. Ince than the subject matter directly treated of in the opinion. This is the )robable effect the decision will have mn the status of the natives of the slands as to their right to become res. dents of this country without let ox 'indrance as far as the law may be zoncerned. If this right should be :heirs, and it now looks very much is if it is, then an element of future :rouble has been formed which may 'e found as difficult to overcome as some of the others which have arisen Since we acquired possession of the islands. The same racial problem which resulted in the enactment of laws to bar Chinese from our shores apparently now confronts us, but with the disadvantage to us that we may not be able to pass laws restricting immigration from the Philippines, as we have done in regard of the Chi. mamen. Of course, the danger from unre etricted immigration of the Filipinos which many all along have professed :o see in the event of some such de :ision as the one under consideration nay not be so great as has been claim ed; but the fact exists, nevertheless that the alarmists see cause of fear and may be depended upon to exploil to the extent of their ability ine ad vantage they may have gained by rea son of the decision. It should not be forgotten that our relations with the natives of the Philippines have taught us that although they may have some of the characteristic of the other races of the Orient, in many respects they are superior and not so bound by custom, religion, prejudices and traditions as to refuse utterly to be come assimilated with those of othei nationalities. They are quick to see the advantages possessed by the new class of Europeans with whom they have come in contact since Span ish dominion of the islands ceased and equally quick to avail themselves of the benefits that come from the adoption of the methods and thoughts of the Americans. This holds out the hope and is cause of belief that in the event any large numbers of them decide to emigrate to the United States it will be only a short time af ter their arrival until they shall become as greatly Americanized in every respect as do the foreigners who come to these shores from European countries. Instead df being a menace and a danger, as many now pretend to believe they will prove, it may turn out that their immigration will be a benefit not only to themselves, but to the entire country by supplying a class of people and an element of labor peculiarly adapted to the ever changing conditions through which we are constantly passing. New legislation in regard to our commercial relations with the islands now becomes imperative. While it is, perhaps, to be deplored that the old order of things could not have gone on for a time longer, the country has the satisfaction of knowing that there are at Washington in both branches of congress upright, patriotic, con scientious and able men who will see that no law is enacted that may prove ill advised or injurious to either side of the question. A republican adminis tration, backed by a republican con gre's may be relied upon to do the right thing at the right time. DEMOCRATIC COMMENT. No doubt President Roosevelt will feel keenly disappointed when he learns that his message does not suit either the Butte Miner or the Helena Independent. With the exception of his reference to irrigation and the ex tension of the civil service to our in sular possessions, the Independent sees nothing whatever commendable in the document. It condemns all the rest, but especially severe is it in its strictures of that portion referring to anarchy, which it desiginates as "un dignified raving" and declares it to be an exposition of ignorance on the part of the president and utter inability to trace effect to cause. But this is only natural. The Independent is a demo cratic newspaper and it could hardly be expected to say anything commend atory of a member of the republican party, and more especially a member of such prominence as President Roosevelt. Its criticism of that part of the message dealing with anarch ists and anarchy is also but natural. If there is anything more than another on which the Independent is touchy it is the matter of anarchists and their creed.. Being more or less an adherent of the teachings of the red flag men and an advocate of their cause, it was to be expected that it would take up the cudgel in their behalf and give the president, if not as good as it got at least as good as it could give in re turn. Still, it finds something to commend in the message and that is quite a con cession on the part of the esteemed Independent. The criticism of the Miner is confin ed mostly to the president's handling of the trusts and can see no good in any of the recommendations he makes in reaard to them. It accuses him of having dug into the sack up in the garret of the white house and ex humed a lot of chestnuts; that his remedy for regulating trusts-by codh pelling them to submit to the greatest possible degree --of publicity-is ancient and debile. To prove its as sertion in this respect it calls atten tion to the fortification by law of the assessor with the power to obtain nec essary information concerning the in side workings of corporations so that he may place their valuations at the proper figures to ensure the payment of their just proportion of the taxes, and then cites the failure of those of ficials to obtain that information and also their failure in properly assessing them. In view of its close relations to cor porations of a certain kind and the notorious manner in which those cor porations escape payment of their just proportion of taxes, the Miner, perhaps, is in a much better position to speak knowingly and intelligently on that particular subject thou The Gazette or almost any other newspa per in the state. Acknowledging this to be a fact, The Gazette will not at tempt to take issue with the Miner, but will yield to the superior knowl edge of its Butte contemporary in this respect,, a knowledge obtained direct from headquarters and thus to be regarded as accurate and beyond controversion. THE NEW MINER. The Butte Miner has at last appear ed in its new and enlarged form and is really a credit to the newspaper world of the west. As such it will no doubt gain in importance and influ ence .and probably give its contem porary of the Deer Lodge valley a close race for favor'with their demo cratic constituency of the state. The threat, however, of intention to pub lish simultaneously with the yellow journals owned by Hearst of the non sensical colored supplements that form a feature of those lurid publica lions is likely to destroy what good impression it may have already made on the public. The staid, old Miner, emintently respectable and dignified as it has always been, blossoming out as a replica of the Hearst sheets will prove a shock to those who have been reading it for years. and the shades of good men who in years gone by furnished gray matter for its columns will stop in their flights through the blue ethereal and wonder that such things can be.. All the same, The Ga zette wishes it prosperity and suc cess and hopes that the rash inten tions it now entertains may not prove fruitful of bad results. PACIFIC CABLE PROJECTS. Omaha Bee: Telegraphic commun ication between the Pacific coast and our insular possessions in the Hawai ian and Philippine islands has be come imperative. Direct communica tion with Honolulu and Manila has be come a military and commercial ne cessity. Several measures embodying Pacific cable projects have been prepared and will be pushed vigorously through the present congress. One of these, by Representative Corliss of Michigan, will provide for government construc tion and ownership. Another, by Rep resentative Sherman of New York, will authorize the postmaster general to enter into a contract with a'orpora tion for the construction of a cable wh'ich will grant the government cer tain concessions in the way of tolls and control in time of war. The friends of the Pacific Commercial Cable company, which recently let a contract for the construction of a cable from San Francisco to Honolulu, will also press a bill granting that company landing privileges on our Pa cific islands. It will be borne in mind that only a few months ago the Com mercial Cable company secured an or. der from the president granting it the right to establish permanent stations for a Pacific cable near San Francisco and at Honolulu and Manila. This re quest,however, was politely, but firm ly declined, because it was regarded as equivalent to the granting of a franchise and eventually the establish. ment of a cable monopoly. The pres ident very wisely deemed it proper to leave to congress the decision as to whether or not Pacific cable franchisee should be given to private corpora tions under any conditions. The irrepressible conflict in con. gress will be between government ownership and private monopoly, While the sentiment of the American people is everwhelmingly in favor of government ownership and control of all telegraphic communication be tween the Pacific coast and our new possessions it is exceedingly doubtful whether the congressional committees will be able to withstand the pressure which the promoters of th8 Commer cial Cable company will exert during the session.. The enormous sums which the gov ernment has already paid in the shape of cable tolls for carrying on the nec essary military correspondence with the Philippines would have more than paid for a cable from San Francisco to Honolulu and there is very little doubt that the government could re coup itself for the cost of the Pacific cable from San Francisco to the Phil ippine islands within the next 20 years from the tolls on commercial dis. patches, leaving out of consideration the advantage that would accrue to the government through direct owner ship and constant control of the arter ies of communication. In view of the fact also that the government has ef fected cable connection between the principal islands in the Philippines and now operates those cables direct through military telegraphers, who also transmit all commercial dis patches between the islands, the effi cient and economic operation of gov. ernment ownership can scarce be call ed in question. It goes without saying that the cap talists who are willings to invest in the Pacific cable project are not ven turing into the scheme blindly or with. out reasonable assurance of handsome returns on the investment. They know, moreover, that the Pacific cable from San Francisco to Manila will completely reveolutionize Oriental tel egraphic communication by transfer ring practically the whole of the Asi aticcommercial and news service, now transmitted by way of Hong Kong and India, to San Francisco by way of Manila, so that in the no distant future San Francisco will be the great repeat ing station of all, the Oriental tele graphic service, because the Pacific cable. will afford the most speedy and direct mode of communication that can possibly be obtained. It is to be hoped that congress will not allow itself to be hoodwinked into granting franchises of incalculable val ue to private corporations for -the transmission of the world's telegraphic news between San Francisco and the Asiatic coast. On the whole the Anaconda Stand ard is of the opinion that the presi lent's message is not half bad, even if it intimates that only modesty alone prevents it from telling the people where they could have gone for one much better and abler in almost every respect. EAST IS LEARNING. Omaha Bee: Eastern sentiment fa vorable to the reclamation of the arid lands of the west has been growing during the past year or two and there will be less opposition than hitherto in congress from that section to gov ernment aid in promoting irrigation. No more forcible presentation of this question has been made than in a recent editorial of the Brooklyn Eagle. That paper urges the primary import ance of the redemptioni of our own ter ritory. It is feasible to convert the arid region to fertility and thereby add hundreds of thousands of square miles to our habitable domain. Point ing out that the arid lands have an abundance of raw material of fertility the Eagle declares that it would be absurd in this people not to use them. 'There are in our west," says that paper, "500,u _,000 acres of land which are yet in the public gift. Wonderful results have been obtained through in dividual efforts to reclaiin the desert and when one considers what might be done by federal management, imag nation is startled and gladdened by the possibilities. It is an empire that lies fallow beyond the mountains, an empire wherein millions who now overcrowd our cities may live in the comfort and freedom that are denied in stony towns. To make homes for these millions it will be necessary that the government prepare the way. The cost and the labor are too vast for personal undertaking. Forests must be planted to insure constancy of water supply; reservoirs must be .created by damming valleys, in order that the supply may be ample in vol ume; canals and drains must be dug across the country for miles, with gates and dikes and other such appli ances, and there must be uniformity in laws respecting rights to use of water. Most of the arid land is in what have recently become states, but by the same authority or co-opera tion whereby forest reserves and na tional parks. Indian and military reser vations and experimental stations have been secured for public uses, the needed ponds and canals could be created." The Eagle says that apart from the immediate gain of this con version of the American desert to set tlers and to the industries which they will create is the profit of the whole country by the increase in its output and the guaranty of permanence in im proved climatic conditions. That papers concludes its very strong discussion of the subject as follows: "With the arid regions of the west under control and in process of reclamation, we shall be able to of fer a home to every lacking citizen and add immensely to our human re sources. We shall, moreover, be do ing that which it is a providence of this republic to do, and that is to show to other nations the way to a larger wealth, a larger health and a manlier state. A patriot, a man of genius, a man of sanely audacious prevision, a man of eastern culture and of western experience is president of the United States.. He could signalize his ad ministration in no grander and in no more efcellent way than by identify ing it with the beginning of the great work and of the great duty of reclaim ing the west." It is very gratifying to the people of the west to find that in the east this great question of reclaiming the arid lands is beginning to be understood and its importance justly estimated. Such utterances as that of the Brook lyn Eagle, showing a complete com prehension and adequate appreciation of the subject, cannot fail to exert an enlightening influence in its section and materially aid in promoting the work which means so much not alone for the west but for the entire country. President Roosevelt has assured those who have conferred with him regard ing reclamation of the arid regions that he is favorable to government action, so that the influence of the administration will support the practi cally unanimous demand of the west for legislation to promote irrigation. There appears to be most favorable promise -of this demand being met by the present congress. OF COURSE NOT. Omaha Bee: The fakir who thrives on snap advertising schemes could not exist except by toleration of busi ness men who know that the only form of advertising that pays full returns is newspapers advertising, but who are willinig to be persuaded into con stant experiments. The community whose business men support their newspapers most liberally is the com munity that gets ahead of its com petitors. Ranch Properties Is my specialty. I make a business of looking for good bargains and loca tions in all parts of the state and give my cus tomers the benefit. If you are looking for a bargain or have one to offer, it will pay you to write me. JOHN SHOBER, JR. Room 1, Pittsburg Block, HELENA, MONT.