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The Billings gazette. [volume] (Billings, Mont.) 1896-1919, December 06, 1901, Image 4

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The Billings Gazette.
Gazette PrintingCompany, Publishers
E. i. BECKER. Editor.
Official City and County Paper.
Subscription Rates.
One year. in adance............ $3.00
Six months..................... 1.50
Single copies.................... .05
DAILY GAZETTE.
Per Year, by mail, in advance.... $9.00
Per Month, by mail.............. .75
Per Month, by carrier.......... 1.00
Entered at the Billings Postoflice as Second
Class Matter.
FRIDAY, DECEMBER 6, 1901.
AN ABLE DOCUMENT.
To those who still think of him only
as the rough rider storming up San
Juan hill, the advocate of the stern
uous in all phazes of life and the man
who is the very embodiment of every
thing that enters into the aggressive,
forceful being, the message of Presi
dent Roosevelt comes probably as a
disappointment. They expected a
document filled with radicalism and
recommendations against about all
existing and accepted institutions.. In
stead they are given a calm, conserva
tive and statesmanlike, yet plain and
forcible exposition of his views, punct
uated with sugestions and advice
showing the mind of the student and
the desires and wishes of the patriot
and lover of his fellows. While ad
hering to his Buffalo promise to fol
low out the lines of conduct as laid
out by his predecessor, yet he injects
his own personality into every line of
the message and the recommendations
he makes are both wise and patriotic.
Temperate in everything, he yet re
tains the force of the man whom the
people have come to love, honor and
trust.
Very properly he devotes the open
ing part of the message to the assas
sination of McKinley and the recom
mendations he makes in regard to the
enactment of laws calculated to re
press the anarchist and suppress an
archy are such as must commend
themselves to all who believe in the
maintenance of law and the uphold
ing of the nation's institutions. Right
fully denominating anarchy as a crime
not against the individual, but against
the whole mass of the people, he rec
ommends that to the national govern
ment be delegated the authority to
deal with anarchists who make as
sault on the life of the president or
any man in the line of succession to
that office.
In holding that the combinations of
capital which have grown up in re
cent years are not traceable to the
tariff laws or other actions of the na
tional government he but voices a
truth known of all thinking, honest
men. While recognizing their posses
sion of certain rights and acknowledg
ing the great benefits that have ac
crued to the people in certain in
stances because of the great industrial
aggregations now existing, he is not
unmindful of the harm they may be
capable of working and for that rea
son makes the recommendations
which if followed, he believes, will re
sult in their control. For those who
are interstate in the nature of their
operations he advises federal control
and regulation, the same as are ap
plied in the case of national banks,
and if this fails he recommends adop
tion of an amendment to the national
constitution. Absolute publicity of
operations is the immediate remedy he
suggests. To secure this he thinks an
official clothed with the power to
make frequent examinations of and
reports cun the affairs of these great
combinations would prove of much
benefit, while delegation of greater
supervise.ry power to the interstate
commerce commission in the same re
spect would also be helpful.
Although not marked by any rabid
or extreme recommendations, the ut
terances of the president in reference
of the trusts are indicative of a sin
cere desire on his part for the accom
plishment of something that will curb
them and keep them from becoming
instruments of danger to the welfare
of the nation and the individual.
The plain and emphatic manner in
Which he recommends the re-enact
ment of the Chinese exclusion law and
its amendment so as to make it more
effective must set at rest all doubt
that may have been entertained in
the west concerning the position of
the president on this very important
subject. His recommendations con
cerning the necessity for stricter and
more effective immigration laws as
applying to all foreigners who seek ad
Smission to these shores are timely and
Swell made.
The stand taken by the president
on the tariff matter is sensible and
patriotic. While recognizing that the
time has probably come for a modi
ato of some of the existing laws
ang our commerce with other
. does not advise, as some
s . surrender the principle
o r.
of protection at the behest of a fe'
who would be made beneficiaries by
tearing down the structure which has
conhriouted so much to the nation's
greatness and prosperity. He believes
in reciprocity, but only as an incident
to protection, the same as did Presi
dent McKinley, and declares that "pro
tective duties must never be reduced
below a point that will cover the dif
ference between the labor cost here
and abroad. The well being of our
wage earners is of prime importance."
Without advocating the enactment of
a subsidy law such as it has been
sought to have passed by some of the
senators, the president points out the
necessity for rehabilitating our mer
chant marine and urges the adoption
of some remedy calculated to cure the
unfortunate conditions now obtaining
in our foreign carrying trade.
In respect to the conditions existing
in the railroad world, which just now
are exercising the people of the north
west to a degree never before heard
of, the president says:
"The railway is a public servant. Its
rates should be just and open to all
shippers alike. The government should
see to it that within its jurisdiction
this is so and should provide a speedy,
inexpensive and effective remedy to
that end. At the same time it must
not be forgotten that our railways
are the arteries through which the
commercial lifeblood of this nation
flows. Nothing could be more foolish
than the enactment of legislationi
which would unnecessarily interfere
with the development and operation
of these commercial agencies. The
subject is one of great importance and
calls for the earnest attention of the
congress."
The people of Montana and the
other western states will appreciate
the fact that such urgent
recommendations are made in
favor of the irrigation of the arid
lands of the western states as to any
other subject. The president says
in this connection that "the western
half of the United States would sus
tain a population greater than that of
our whole country today if the waters
that now run to waste were saved and
used for irrigation. The forest and
water problems are perhaps the most
vital internal questions of the United
States."
The subject of irrigation is treated
f)om the same broad, comprehensive
point of view that would be expected
from a western man. Plainly the pres
ident shows how utterly impossible
it is for the reclamation of the arid
lands to be brought about by private
or state effort and says it is a matter
for national enterprise. The govern
,ment should undertake the task of
storing the now waste waters and
regulating the use of the waters from
the streams and rivers for the use of
the husbandman who may settle those
lands when they shall have been ren
dered fit for occupancy. The benefits
to the entire nation by the adoption
of some comprehensive and rational
system of national irrigation are clear
ly and suscinctly set out.
Labor is made the subject for ex
tensive treatment in the message and
the recommendations in this connec
tion are all marked by the same hon
est seriousness and intent as are be
stowed upon the other subjects treat
ed. That the president is in favor
of organized labor when devoted to
legitimate purposes is made very- ap
parent by his plea for the recognition
of "fair" labor in the awarding of all
government contracts.
The recommendations in regard to
the isthmian canal, the navy, army,
breaking up of tribal relations in deal
ng with the Indians, our insular re
ations and the various other subjects
which are made a part of the message
are all such as everybody can and
nust endorse in the heartiest and
most unreserved manner.
Altogether President Roosevelt's
first message is one that does honor
not only to its author, but to the great
nation whose head he is.
WISE AND TIMELY.
It is the opinion of The Gazette that
lhe county commissioners acted wise
ly and well in the selection they have
made for a new court house site. In
purchasing the property which by
deed reverts to the county they show
ed due appreciation of the future
needs of the community, while the
manner in which they went about to
secure the land is also to their credit.
By operating quietly through a third
party they were enabled to obtain
the site at its fair value, something
that could not have been done had
their purpose been advertised and
made public to the world. Had it been
permitted to be known that the coun
ty desired the lots selected prices
would have been set on them which
would have rendered their acquisi
tion impossible. The site is one of
the most eligible that could well have
been selected, while the price paid is
as reasonable as could have been ex
pected considering the location.- In
fact the commissioners are to be con
gratulated on the rare good bargain
they were able to make.
By purchasing a site at this time
the board has greatly simplified the
matter of securing a public building
for the county, as the possibility of
the question of location will not figure
In any vote that may be cast on the
proposition of bonding the county for
a court house. Furthermore purchase
at this time has also resulted in a
material gain for the taxpayers, as
centrally located ground available for
such a purpose is constantly appreci
ating in value and every delay would
have cost the taxpayers.
The county now owns three highly
valuable properties, the one acquired
last Monday, the site of the jail and
the sheriff's residence and the present
court house and the ground upon
which it stands. The latter because
of its location can be easily sold for
business purposes and at a fair es
timation should bring no less than
$15,000. The building itself, while
wholly unfit for the purpose to which
it is now devoted, coulu be readily and
cheaply converted into a business
block and so converted would assure a
rental which would pay more than fair
interest on the investment. While not
so valuable as the first, the sheriff's
residence and ground could also be
sold for a good price and at a profit
over the original investment. Thus
it will be seen that when the proper
time comes the county is assured of a
neat sum of ready cash which can be
devoted toward defraying the cost of
the proposed structure. t
Of the necessity of a new county
building there can be no doubt. The
present structure used for that pur
pose has long ago outgrown its useful
ness and every day that it is occupied
it is the source of danger and infinite
loss to the county. Totally unprovid
ed with fireproof facilities for stor
ing the valuable and irreparable pub
lic documents kept there, it is an ever
menacing danger and only to good
fortune is attributable the exemption
from loss in that direction that the
people have so far enjoyed. Then
archtecturally the building is entirely
at variance with existing conditions.
The county of Yellowstone, one of the
wealthiest and most prosperous in
the state, should have a public build
ing in keeping with its wealth and
comportable with its dignity and stand
ing. That the people are fully cog
nizant of this was evidenced by the
large vote cast in favor of bonding
the county at the last general election.
a technicality prevented the
measure from being carried, a techni
cality which as yet has never received
the sanction of an endorsement by the
supreme court, and consequently by
many is regarded as of no force and
which should not have been permitted
to stand in the way of an accomplish
ment of the expressed wishes of a
large majority of the people of the
county.
SUPREME COURT OPINION.
In the opinion of the United States
supreme court the constitution fol
ows the flag, regardless of any reso
utions the senate may pass to the con
rary. In other words, the court hold,
;hat when the treaty of Paris was
signed the Philippines ceased to be
oreign territory in every respect and
hat the islands must be regarded as
orming a part of the United States
when it comes to the mater of trade
)etween the two.
This in effect is the portent of the
lecision in the celebrated "Fourteen
)iamond Rings" case, delivered by
he court last Tuesday. By the de
;ision the government is enjoined
rom levying any import taxes upon
)roducts of the islands brought intc
,his country. Following to its logical
ronclusion the line of reasoning adopt
rd by the court, it becomes very evi
lent that the government is also de
rived of the power of exacting duties
.pon imports into the islands from
his country and that trade between
he two divisions must be free and
inhampered by any customs, the same
is is inter-state trade. If this con
:lusion is right then Spain will come
n for a large share of benefits, fox
inder the treaty of peace made with
hat nation it is to enjoy the same
,rade privileges in the archipelago as
ere enjoyed by this country-that is
or a limited time.
One phase of the relations between
his country and the islands which
las been brought about by the deci
;ion which remains to be considered
s, perhaps, of even greater import.
Ince than the subject matter directly
treated of in the opinion. This is the
)robable effect the decision will have
mn the status of the natives of the
slands as to their right to become res.
dents of this country without let ox
'indrance as far as the law may be
zoncerned. If this right should be
:heirs, and it now looks very much
is if it is, then an element of future
:rouble has been formed which may
'e found as difficult to overcome as
some of the others which have arisen
Since we acquired possession of the
islands. The same racial problem
which resulted in the enactment of
laws to bar Chinese from our shores
apparently now confronts us, but with
the disadvantage to us that we may
not be able to pass laws restricting
immigration from the Philippines, as
we have done in regard of the Chi.
mamen.
Of course, the danger from unre
etricted immigration of the Filipinos
which many all along have professed
:o see in the event of some such de
:ision as the one under consideration
nay not be so great as has been claim
ed; but the fact exists, nevertheless
that the alarmists see cause of fear
and may be depended upon to exploil
to the extent of their ability ine ad
vantage they may have gained by rea
son of the decision. It should not be
forgotten that our relations with the
natives of the Philippines have taught
us that although they may have some
of the characteristic of the other
races of the Orient, in many respects
they are superior and not so bound
by custom, religion, prejudices and
traditions as to refuse utterly to be
come assimilated with those of othei
nationalities. They are quick to see
the advantages possessed by the new
class of Europeans with whom they
have come in contact since Span
ish dominion of the islands ceased
and equally quick to avail themselves
of the benefits that come from the
adoption of the methods and thoughts
of the Americans. This holds out the
hope and is cause of belief that in
the event any large numbers of them
decide to emigrate to the United
States it will be only a short time af
ter their arrival until they shall
become as greatly Americanized in
every respect as do the foreigners who
come to these shores from European
countries. Instead df being a menace
and a danger, as many now pretend to
believe they will prove, it may turn
out that their immigration will be a
benefit not only to themselves, but to
the entire country by supplying a
class of people and an element of
labor peculiarly adapted to the ever
changing conditions through which we
are constantly passing.
New legislation in regard to our
commercial relations with the islands
now becomes imperative. While it is,
perhaps, to be deplored that the old
order of things could not have gone
on for a time longer, the country has
the satisfaction of knowing that there
are at Washington in both branches
of congress upright, patriotic, con
scientious and able men who will see
that no law is enacted that may prove
ill advised or injurious to either side of
the question. A republican adminis
tration, backed by a republican con
gre's may be relied upon to do the
right thing at the right time.
DEMOCRATIC COMMENT.
No doubt President Roosevelt will
feel keenly disappointed when he
learns that his message does not suit
either the Butte Miner or the Helena
Independent. With the exception of
his reference to irrigation and the ex
tension of the civil service to our in
sular possessions, the Independent
sees nothing whatever commendable
in the document. It condemns all the
rest, but especially severe is it in its
strictures of that portion referring to
anarchy, which it desiginates as "un
dignified raving" and declares it to be
an exposition of ignorance on the part
of the president and utter inability to
trace effect to cause. But this is only
natural. The Independent is a demo
cratic newspaper and it could hardly
be expected to say anything commend
atory of a member of the republican
party, and more especially a member
of such prominence as President
Roosevelt. Its criticism of that part
of the message dealing with anarch
ists and anarchy is also but natural.
If there is anything more than another
on which the Independent is touchy it
is the matter of anarchists and their
creed.. Being more or less an adherent
of the teachings of the red flag men
and an advocate of their cause, it was
to be expected that it would take up
the cudgel in their behalf and give the
president, if not as good as it got at
least as good as it could give in re
turn.
Still, it finds something to commend
in the message and that is quite a con
cession on the part of the esteemed
Independent.
The criticism of the Miner is confin
ed mostly to the president's handling
of the trusts and can see no good in
any of the recommendations he
makes in reaard to them. It accuses
him of having dug into the sack up in
the garret of the white house and ex
humed a lot of chestnuts; that his
remedy for regulating trusts-by codh
pelling them to submit to the greatest
possible degree --of publicity-is
ancient and debile. To prove its as
sertion in this respect it calls atten
tion to the fortification by law of the
assessor with the power to obtain nec
essary information concerning the in
side workings of corporations so that
he may place their valuations at the
proper figures to ensure the payment
of their just proportion of the taxes,
and then cites the failure of those of
ficials to obtain that information and
also their failure in properly assessing
them.
In view of its close relations to cor
porations of a certain kind and the
notorious manner in which those cor
porations escape payment of their
just proportion of taxes, the Miner,
perhaps, is in a much better position
to speak knowingly and intelligently
on that particular subject thou The
Gazette or almost any other newspa
per in the state. Acknowledging this
to be a fact, The Gazette will not at
tempt to take issue with the Miner,
but will yield to the superior knowl
edge of its Butte contemporary in
this respect,, a knowledge obtained
direct from headquarters and thus to
be regarded as accurate and beyond
controversion.
THE NEW MINER.
The Butte Miner has at last appear
ed in its new and enlarged form and
is really a credit to the newspaper
world of the west. As such it will no
doubt gain in importance and influ
ence .and probably give its contem
porary of the Deer Lodge valley a
close race for favor'with their demo
cratic constituency of the state. The
threat, however, of intention to pub
lish simultaneously with the yellow
journals owned by Hearst of the non
sensical colored supplements that
form a feature of those lurid publica
lions is likely to destroy what good
impression it may have already made
on the public. The staid, old Miner,
emintently respectable and dignified
as it has always been, blossoming out
as a replica of the Hearst sheets will
prove a shock to those who have been
reading it for years. and the shades
of good men who in years gone by
furnished gray matter for its columns
will stop in their flights through the
blue ethereal and wonder that such
things can be.. All the same, The Ga
zette wishes it prosperity and suc
cess and hopes that the rash inten
tions it now entertains may not prove
fruitful of bad results.
PACIFIC CABLE PROJECTS.
Omaha Bee: Telegraphic commun
ication between the Pacific coast and
our insular possessions in the Hawai
ian and Philippine islands has be
come imperative. Direct communica
tion with Honolulu and Manila has be
come a military and commercial ne
cessity.
Several measures embodying Pacific
cable projects have been prepared and
will be pushed vigorously through the
present congress. One of these, by
Representative Corliss of Michigan,
will provide for government construc
tion and ownership. Another, by Rep
resentative Sherman of New York,
will authorize the postmaster general
to enter into a contract with a'orpora
tion for the construction of a cable
wh'ich will grant the government cer
tain concessions in the way of tolls
and control in time of war. The
friends of the Pacific Commercial
Cable company, which recently let a
contract for the construction of a
cable from San Francisco to Honolulu,
will also press a bill granting that
company landing privileges on our Pa
cific islands. It will be borne in mind
that only a few months ago the Com
mercial Cable company secured an or.
der from the president granting it the
right to establish permanent stations
for a Pacific cable near San Francisco
and at Honolulu and Manila. This re
quest,however, was politely, but firm
ly declined, because it was regarded
as equivalent to the granting of a
franchise and eventually the establish.
ment of a cable monopoly. The pres
ident very wisely deemed it proper to
leave to congress the decision as to
whether or not Pacific cable franchisee
should be given to private corpora
tions under any conditions.
The irrepressible conflict in con.
gress will be between government
ownership and private monopoly,
While the sentiment of the American
people is everwhelmingly in favor of
government ownership and control of
all telegraphic communication be
tween the Pacific coast and our new
possessions it is exceedingly doubtful
whether the congressional committees
will be able to withstand the pressure
which the promoters of th8 Commer
cial Cable company will exert during
the session..
The enormous sums which the gov
ernment has already paid in the shape
of cable tolls for carrying on the nec
essary military correspondence with
the Philippines would have more than
paid for a cable from San Francisco
to Honolulu and there is very little
doubt that the government could re
coup itself for the cost of the Pacific
cable from San Francisco to the Phil
ippine islands within the next 20 years
from the tolls on commercial dis.
patches, leaving out of consideration
the advantage that would accrue to
the government through direct owner
ship and constant control of the arter
ies of communication. In view of the
fact also that the government has ef
fected cable connection between the
principal islands in the Philippines
and now operates those cables direct
through military telegraphers, who
also transmit all commercial dis
patches between the islands, the effi
cient and economic operation of gov.
ernment ownership can scarce be call
ed in question.
It goes without saying that the cap
talists who are willings to invest in
the Pacific cable project are not ven
turing into the scheme blindly or with.
out reasonable assurance of handsome
returns on the investment. They
know, moreover, that the Pacific cable
from San Francisco to Manila will
completely reveolutionize Oriental tel
egraphic communication by transfer
ring practically the whole of the Asi
aticcommercial and news service,
now transmitted by way of Hong Kong
and India, to San Francisco by way of
Manila, so that in the no distant future
San Francisco will be the great repeat
ing station of all, the Oriental tele
graphic service, because the Pacific
cable. will afford the most speedy and
direct mode of communication that
can possibly be obtained.
It is to be hoped that congress will
not allow itself to be hoodwinked into
granting franchises of incalculable val
ue to private corporations for -the
transmission of the world's telegraphic
news between San Francisco and the
Asiatic coast.
On the whole the Anaconda Stand
ard is of the opinion that the presi
lent's message is not half bad, even
if it intimates that only modesty alone
prevents it from telling the people
where they could have gone for one
much better and abler in almost every
respect.
EAST IS LEARNING.
Omaha Bee: Eastern sentiment fa
vorable to the reclamation of the arid
lands of the west has been growing
during the past year or two and there
will be less opposition than hitherto
in congress from that section to gov
ernment aid in promoting irrigation.
No more forcible presentation of this
question has been made than in a
recent editorial of the Brooklyn Eagle.
That paper urges the primary import
ance of the redemptioni of our own ter
ritory. It is feasible to convert the
arid region to fertility and thereby
add hundreds of thousands of square
miles to our habitable domain. Point
ing out that the arid lands have an
abundance of raw material of fertility
the Eagle declares that it would be
absurd in this people not to use them.
'There are in our west," says that
paper, "500,u _,000 acres of land which
are yet in the public gift. Wonderful
results have been obtained through in
dividual efforts to reclaiin the desert
and when one considers what might
be done by federal management, imag
nation is startled and gladdened by
the possibilities. It is an empire that
lies fallow beyond the mountains, an
empire wherein millions who now
overcrowd our cities may live in the
comfort and freedom that are denied
in stony towns. To make homes for
these millions it will be necessary
that the government prepare the way.
The cost and the labor are too vast for
personal undertaking. Forests must
be planted to insure constancy of
water supply; reservoirs must be
.created by damming valleys, in order
that the supply may be ample in vol
ume; canals and drains must be dug
across the country for miles, with
gates and dikes and other such appli
ances, and there must be uniformity
in laws respecting rights to use of
water. Most of the arid land is in
what have recently become states,
but by the same authority or co-opera
tion whereby forest reserves and na
tional parks. Indian and military reser
vations and experimental stations
have been secured for public uses,
the needed ponds and canals could be
created." The Eagle says that apart
from the immediate gain of this con
version of the American desert to set
tlers and to the industries which they
will create is the profit of the whole
country by the increase in its output
and the guaranty of permanence in im
proved climatic conditions.
That papers concludes its very
strong discussion of the subject as
follows: "With the arid regions of
the west under control and in process
of reclamation, we shall be able to of
fer a home to every lacking citizen
and add immensely to our human re
sources. We shall, moreover, be do
ing that which it is a providence of
this republic to do, and that is to show
to other nations the way to a larger
wealth, a larger health and a manlier
state. A patriot, a man of genius, a
man of sanely audacious prevision, a
man of eastern culture and of western
experience is president of the United
States.. He could signalize his ad
ministration in no grander and in no
more efcellent way than by identify
ing it with the beginning of the great
work and of the great duty of reclaim
ing the west."
It is very gratifying to the people
of the west to find that in the east this
great question of reclaiming the arid
lands is beginning to be understood
and its importance justly estimated.
Such utterances as that of the Brook
lyn Eagle, showing a complete com
prehension and adequate appreciation
of the subject, cannot fail to exert an
enlightening influence in its section
and materially aid in promoting the
work which means so much not alone
for the west but for the entire country.
President Roosevelt has assured those
who have conferred with him regard
ing reclamation of the arid regions
that he is favorable to government
action, so that the influence of the
administration will support the practi
cally unanimous demand of the west
for legislation to promote irrigation.
There appears to be most favorable
promise -of this demand being met by
the present congress.
OF COURSE NOT.
Omaha Bee: The fakir who thrives
on snap advertising schemes could
not exist except by toleration of busi
ness men who know that the only form
of advertising that pays full returns
is newspapers advertising, but who
are willinig to be persuaded into con
stant experiments. The community
whose business men support their
newspapers most liberally is the com
munity that gets ahead of its com
petitors.
Ranch Properties
Is my specialty. I make a
business of looking for
good bargains and loca
tions in all parts of the
state and give my cus
tomers the benefit. If
you are looking for a
bargain or have one to
offer, it will pay you to
write me.
JOHN SHOBER, JR.
Room 1, Pittsburg Block,
HELENA, MONT.

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