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fk i. Editor. Official City and County Paper. Subscription Rates. One year, In adance............ $3.00 Six months ..................... 1.50 Single copies.................... .05 DAILY GAZETTE. Per Year, by mail, in advance.... $9.00 Per Month, by mail............. .75 Per Month, by carrier.......... 1.00 Entered at the Billings ]oestolice as seoond Class Matter. TUESDAY, DECEMBER 10, 1901. is A GOOD ORDER. The Gazette does not snow how thi I.ther republican newspapers of the state regard the order said. to havi been issued by President Roosevelt tC federal officeholders directing them tc resign any office they may hold it political organizations, but as far as this newspaper is concerned it hopeE the report is true. Enforcement of such an order can but be beneficial tc the party, as it will result in a regen eration and lodgment of party powei where it justly belongs-with the rank and file, the men who must bear the brunt of battle and who are looked to when the crux comes to furnish the votes, but who heretofore have receiv ed scant recognition. It is because of its party loyalty and because it believes the party greater than the individual that The Gazette holds tothis view of the matter. There is no use in attempting to evade the truth and by the advancement of poor excuses to lay the blame for the sever al defeats it has sustained in this state, when every condition presaged victory, elsewhere than where it prop erly belongs. Discontent and defec tions have grown out of the manner in which party affairs have been manag ed in the past because a few individ uals have usurped the power which properly belongs to the organization and arrogated to themselves the right to dictate.and command, when in all justice and right they should have been satisfied with working in the more suborinate position of followers. Machines may be able to "run" things in the east, but out here in the west where every man considers himself the equal of his neighbor and where men think and act for themselves that sort of politics is not popular and whenever it is sought to practice it something disagreeable generally follows. The campaign of .last year gave ample proof of this. Men who have been lifelong and consistent re publicans refused to be dictated to and domineered by a few persons and if they did not openly oppose the party they certainly were not seen in their accustomed place at the front fight ing for it. Their ideas of right and wrong and their conception of what was proper and just prevented them from yielding blind and implicit obedi. ence to the machine. As The Gazette on former occasions has remarked, it has nothing person ally against any of the gentlemen who have been wont to set themselves up as party dictators, neither does it doubt their fealty and devotion to par ty, but it questions their judgment. Because of their prominence as office holders, either through appointment or election, they assumed to dictate to the party what it should and what it should not do. The result was dis astrous resentment and a party sor rowfully divided against itself. Had President McKinley seen fit to issue the same order that his successor now has issued it is not saying too much to intimate that the results of the campaign in this state might have been different. The gentlemen Who took it upon themselves to manage the campaign and direct the work would probably have been consulted at times, but they would have posses sed no greater powes than that of mere friendly advisors, whose advice was to be accepted or rejected, as the managers thought best. Occupy ing the positions of managers and di rectors they proved too heavy a load for the party to carry. It is true it was reported that Mr. Webster had resigned a lucrative federal office to devote himself exclusively to cam paign work, as chairman of the state central committee, a position he still holds, but the resignation implied no such great sacrifice as was intimated at the time. His tenure of office had about expired anyway, and as soon as 'the campaign was ended he received hs reward by being appointed to the "fattest" federal position in the state. bhe other gentlemen who by the grace of the president were holding he 'next best offices did not resign. '.ley bpung onto their jobs, while at he same time taking active and prom ;iRet parts in the campaign and in ~$el eaerniess.to help the party and iu t- help themselves sought to prtF lash on backs unwill. E'the blows. They were - instead of strength and the party and good men it coil tains sufteted because of their polid: and tactics. ITS ATTITUDE DEFINED. The usually well inrormea and re liable Washington correspondent o the Minneapolis Journal has sent F dispatch to his paper which may be ac cepted as defining the atFitude of the administration toward the trusts. He makes it appear that while the admin istration is not disposed to make a speciality of investigating the effect ol trusts, or any particular one of these combinations, upon the public, it will be found ready to further the efforts of any individu'al or community in re= sisting the encroachment of corpora tions on the rights and interests of the people. Trade combinations are not to be pursued simply because they are combinations unless it be shown that they plainly violate the law or ignore good morals. If at the present time, says the cor respondent, any citizen or group of citizens have a reasonable complaint to make of wrong suffered at the hands of the Northerfl Securities com pany, it will undoubtedly be entertain ed and considered at the department of justice; but the department is not beating the bushes in search of trou ble, or playing the volunteer detec tive, or otherwise making an effort to bring suit for the sake of its dra matic effect, and regardless of the question of whether the result will be a vindication of the soundness of the law, or a humiliating proof of its weak ness when confronted with real con ditions. The greater probability is that, in trust matters the president will press upon congress persistently the ideas set forth in his message, till that body either produces such legis lation as will satisfy his demands, or gives the country sufficient excuse for not doing so. If meanwhile aggrieved parties can make out what seems to be a fair case against any industrial combination under the existing law, the attorney general will proceed against the alleged offenders. If it shall appear later that the trusts have been tampering in any im proper manner with the legislative machinery they will hear from the president with some of his old fashion ed candor of speech and directness of action. Contingencies are possible in which he might "call names out in meeting." Some of the emissaries of trusts who visited Washington for the purpose of heading off reflections on their affairs in the message or de partmental reports received cold com fort for their pains. That they are likely to get something worse if they presume, that because the president refused to be goaded into indiscrimi nate assaults on combinations, good and bad, has been made very apparent even to the most obtuse and bold. Of the president's disposition to act fairly and honestly The Gazette, nor no one else has any doubt, although it may be urged that he may find him self hampered in this regard because of the fact that for attorney general he has the man who drew the charter for the United States Steel corpora tion and is noted for his affiliation with trusts prior to his appointment to his present position. While this might be unfortunate so far as some men are concerned, were they in the president's place, but with Roosevelt it will prove different. He may be relied upon to speedily make a va cancy in the office of the attorney gen eral if the man who now fills it should at any time give him cause to doubt his sincerity or willingness to enforce the laws properly and without fear or favor. It is very natural that some lack of confidence in the judicial de partment of the United States should find place just now, but judgment should be suspended until the time comes when action must replace words and promises. Then if cause of complaint exists that complaint should find expression in no uncer tain words and it is safe to say that it will not fall on deaf ears, for the pres ident is with the people, in this issue and he will see to it that their rights are maintained as far as lies within his power to enfore them. He is not so fearful of giving offense to those whose interests may lie in the oppo site direction that he will permit wil ful violations of the law for the mere sake of conciliating those who may be capable of injuring him political ly. He is not that kind of a president. The state medical board should at once proceed to make honorary mem bers of that institution the twelve men who last Saturday rendered a ver dict in a Helena court. They are the first to agree with the board in its opinion as to the ability, or rather lack of ability of a candidate elxam ined by it to practice medicine. Dr. Clarkson of Butte was the appellant in the case, and he brought act;on against the board to compel it to grant him a practicioner's license. As a de fense the board submitted the answers made by the doctor to the questions asked him while undergoing an ex amination and the jury unanimously decided that no matter how thorough his education might be in other mat ters, as a doctor of medicine he was daot a safe man to turn loose and so returned to the court. ; EAST IS: SELFISH. As indicated by its name, the Fre Hide league is in favor of removing the tariff on hides and giving .then free entry into the country. In it: agitation the league has the support of many eastern newspapers, and they are not all democratic papers, either, The argument advanced by the or. ganization 'and its supporters is that cattle are not raised in this country for their hides; that they are raised for beef purposes and are sold at a cer tain price per pound on the hoof. The cattle raisers, it is contended, get practically nothing for the hides, as it is the big meat packers who sell them. At first thought this kind of argu ment may appeal to some as being well founded and based upon just prin ciples. But a little further study will convince almost any one of its spec iousness. It is true that cattle are sold on the hoof and at a certain price per pound. It is also true that the hides form a part of the gross weight of the animal and are figured in with the whole when payment is made to the raiser. Nobody has ever heard of cattle being sold on a basis of hides off, consequently the seller of the ani mal receives just as much for each pound of hide as he does for each pound of actual beef. Thus it will be readily seen that the argument of the free hide men is not tenable. Did the buyer insist upon a reduction equal to the weight of the hide of 'the ani mal then it could be said that the raiser rqceived nothing for that por tion of his cattle and that the packer was the only one benefited by the maintenance of a tariff. Should congress decide to yield to the demands of the leamie it is but fair to assume that the packers wouk make this an excuse for a reduction in the prices they are paying for cat tie and then the raiser would get prac tically nothing for that portion of hi: animal. But the contention of the lea gue and its supporters is only another exemplification of the selfishness o1 motive which prompts so many of the "reformers" of the east to ask for : reduction of duties upon raw mater ials, while insisting that the highesi possible degree of protection be at forded the manufactured product: which would come in competition with them were the tariff to be so amended in all respects as they insist it be amended in regard to where it would benefit themselves. If it is proper that protection be afforded the pro ducer of manufactured articles then by the same parity of reasoning it i. eminently proper and just that the producer of the raw material should also be given the same degree of pro tection. Were the west to allow the same selfish motives to prompt in many things that it may be said the east unfortunately does its people' would rebel against the imposition of duties of which they receive no direct benefit. Almost wholly given to the produc tion of raw materials, they would, fol lowing the eastern line of argument, be justified in demanding a removal of all duties on manufactured goods because they do not enter into the schedule of their products. But they are not so narrow minded and take a much broader and more patriotic view of things. - They realize that in the great scheme or protection for the masses there must always be a small minor ity who would probably be benefitted by a readjustment of existing condi tions, but they cheerfully consent to the accepted order and make their interests and desires subservient to those of the great majority, conscious of the fact that where they are made the sufferers in one regard' they are the gainers in another. It is only by a ready concession of benefits and ad vantages that all the members of the nation are made to share in the good which follows the beneficent system of portection which has made this nation the great commercial power that it has grown to be within the past few years. The east should be mindful of 'this and not allow regard for its own interests to assume such proportions as to cause it to be indif ferent to the welfare and interests of other portions of the country. Its peo dle should take warning from Presi dent Springer of the International Livestock association. It was proba bly more than an idle threat when he said in his recent address: "The great west, whence come the wool and hides, will see to it that if an assault is made upon those two articles furnished by the west it shall extend clear down the line and that we do not propose that the ranchman and farmer of this country shall be fleeced by the pro tected manufacturer of the east." If Governor Van Sant of Minnesota decides to call his gubernatorial con ference in this state he may rest as sured that both he and the other dis tinguished gentlemen composing the party will receive a most cordial wel come and courteous treatment during their stay. In view of the fact that the laws of Montana seem to be ex ceptionably favorable to the purposes of the governor in connection with the task he has assumed, it is par ticularly fitting that the proposed con ference of executives should be held in this state. THINGS !88ENTIAL. Minneapolis Journal: It would be a very agreeable disappointment if the Fifty-seventh congress were to ad. dress itself strenuously to the real ,and unmistakable public needs, to the practical safeguarding and promotion of the business interests, the financial stability, the varied activities which make for the substantial welfare of the nation. The president has recom mended, for instance, the passage of the bill introduced in the last congress for the creation of a department of commerce and industries, the head of the department to be a cabinet officer whose function it shall be to deal with the promotion of commerce, the inter ests of labor and all matters affecting other great corporations and the mer chant marine. The fact that several of the present departments are overburdened with business of importance which does not properly belong to them is a sufficient argument for the separation of these matters from the old departments and placing them under the charge of a new cabinet officer who can concen trate his attention upon them. Our country alone among the great nations of the world is without a department of commerce and industry. In Euro pean countries the departments of commerce and industry collect and publish all statistics touching internal and foreign trade; have the supervi sion of the technical and commercial schools which are so strongly contrib utory to the business and industrial welfare of these countries. They also collect and arrange for the govern ment the information upon which reci procity treaties and tariffs are arrang ed. It would be a great advantage with us to have the consular reports, for instance; taken from the depart ment of state and handed over to the departement of commerce where such matter properly belongs. There are bureaus in the argricultural depart ment which belong to a department of commerce. It is necessary in our com plex civilization to specialize govern ment work to obtain the very best re sult. It may be said that we have attained our present industrial supremacy and the expansion of our export trade with out a department of commerce. It is true we have amazed the cicilized world by our industrial success. ,Our manufacturing industries record an output of fifteen billions a year. Our export trade has doubled and trebled and quadrupled, within a few years. This is the very reason why our com merce and industries should be placed under special administration. It might be said that such a depart ment would cost too much and the re sults would not justify the creation of a special department. An adequate answer to that is the undeniable suc cess of the agricultural department, since it was lifted out of the condi tion of a bureau attached to one of the other departments and made a special administration in behalf of American agriculture. The vast bene fits conferred by this new creation of administrative force on the farming interests of this country none but an ignoramus would deny. There is no lack of money to maintain such an advantageous department as that, and the proposed department would not lack, for its benefits would commend it triumphantly to the business and industrial interests of the country. Congress can stop the big leak aris ing from the abuse of second-class postal matter and divert the millions which would be gained by the legiti mate use of the mails into channels of undeniable public utility like a de partment of commerce and industry. The postmaster general says in his report that the government is practi cally, by these abuses, "paying a sub sidy of $12,000,000 a year for purely private publishing, enterprises run solely for private profit." It is the duty of congress to reduce public ex penditures in just such channels as this. The cessation of the abuse of second-class mail matter would afford compensation for the loss involved in penny postage on drop letters or pay the net cost of extending free rural delivery over all the feasible part of the whole country. Itf congress chooses to handle pub lic business in a genuine business way, it is easy to see how real public inter est can be successfully advanced and promoted. The business sense of a really business congress ought to per ceive, without prompting, the practi cal utility to the nation of a depart ment of commerce and industries. A business congress wil not dump the greater part of a treasury surplus .into questionable river and harbor im provements, either. READING ADVERTISEMENTS. Great Falls Tribune: It is now pretty well understood by newspaper readers generally, and almost unani mously agreed by business men who are chiefly interested to ;nake their enterprises as successful as possible, that there is a definite money value in the advertisements that appear in the pages of a newspaper. In those col ums appear. the news announcements of ,the merchants who strive all the while to give the purchasing pubic better and better reasons .'why it should trade with him rather than with his competitor.. He would not fool that public if he could; and even if he would, he knows very well that he cannot. So both from inclination and neces sity, there is an operating cause to make the promise of the merchant worthy of attention; for if money is an object to the buyer, as usually it is and ought to be, he is looking nearly every day for the best chance to make his purchase wisely. -And that means that he is scanning the advertisements in his daily paper with greater and greater care, for these are the only effective present-day means of laying before the whole public the things 'which the merchant would like his customers, actual and prospective, to know. Especially, and happily, does it devolve upon the women to make most of the purchases for the household; so that woman is an even more faith ful student of the newspaper than is man. LITTLEFIELD'S REMEDY. St. Paul Dispatch: The president said, in discussing the trust develop ment, that "the first requisite is knowledge, full and complete,-knowl edge which may be made public to the world." To attain this knowledge the government must "assume power of supervision over all corporations doing an interstate business." On this line, Representative Littlefield of Maine drew .the bill he introduced on the first day of the session. It is limited, as any national measure must be, with the present limitations on the power of congress, to corporations doing an "interstate business.". It requires such to file with the secretary of the treasury a complete property return. They must disclose their name, place and date of organization, and that of all constituent companies; the amount of capital stock authorized, the num ber and par value of shares, the amount issued and how paid for, and if paid in property, a detailed descrip tion of it and its cash market value at date of transfer. The reports must further give the details of operation, liabilities, assets, earnings, income, expenses, taxes, improvements, divi dends declared,, salaries and wages paid.. The bill goes as far as is possible until an amendment gives congress the powers now held by the states. It is doubtful if it will effect its pur pose. The national law providing for similar publicity by railways has not prevented what is the, main evil in both cases, the watering of stocks. A question will at once arise as to what is interstate commerce, engag ing in whichwould subject a corpora tion to national supervision. In the sugar trust case, that organisation was held not to be subject to the anti trust act of 1890 because, though its products went into interstate com merce, the corporation itself was wholly within one state. The later manufacturing trusts have a general office, but retain the names and in dependent management of the various plants from which the market is sup plied. The general office manufac tures nothing, sells nothing, ships nothing; can it be said to be engaged in interstate commerce? The consti tuent companies are created by the states in which they are located, and send their products into other states to fill orders; they are not in inter state commerce, within the sugar trust case. The same difficulties meet Mr. Littlefleld's bill that have defeat ed the anti-trust act of congress and made nugatory the acts of states. Be fore any efficacious legislation can be enacted the states must surrender their jurisdiction over corporations. PRESIDENT FOR A DAY. Butte Inter Mountain: One of the duties of the present congress will be that of so amending the law relat ing to presidential succession so that there will be no ambiguity or room for misconstruction in the interpretation of the act. That there is a need for such amendment is generally admit ted As the law reads now there is a possibility of the secretary of state serving as president for a full term of four years should both president and vice president die after their election but before inauguration. The law regulating the succession in the pres idential office plainly says that upon the death of the president and vice president the secretary of state shall hold the office of chief.executive "un til a president is elected." This pro vision opens the way for a number of annoying and embarrassing compli cations which the present congress will provide against. One of the odd phases of the law governing the succession in the presi dential chair occurred during the brief interim" between the administrations of James K. Polk and Zachariah Tay lor. The term of the former president expired Match 4, 1849, at noon, and at noon the following day his successor was sworn into office. During the in tervenring 24 hours Hon. David Rice Atchinson, president pro tem. of the senate, was in effect, and under the law of-succession at that time, presi dent of the United States. Happily no duty demanding the exercise of power on the part of the chief execu tive caie up during Mr. Atchiason's brief incumbency.. This instance stands alone in the country's history as an illustration Of the strange freaks of the law regulating presidential stc cession. Ordinarily the operation of the-law is very satisfactory. Attention was attracted to the weakness of the present statute by the death of Presi dent McKinley, and good care will be taken to so frame a new measure that no more pranks will be played by the law governing the office of president. REPORT ON TREATY. Omaha Bee: The senate committee on foreign relations having Voted to favorably report the new isthmian canal treaty and to urge its early rat ification, there is favorable promise that it wil soon be disposed of, per haps before the adjournment of the senate for the holiday recess. Two of the democratic members of the com mittee objected to the neutrality pro vision and to the clause relating to the policing of the canal, but they did not vote against the treaty and doubt less will not when it shall come up for ratification. Indeed, they are said to have expressed themselves as desirous that it be ratified, so that there may be no more unnecessary delay in leg islating for the great enterprise. There appears to be no doubt, there fore, that the convention will be rati fied and there certainly is no sound reason why it should not be. The nue tralization principle which the treaty recognizes is as much in the interest of the United States as of any other country and it is manifestly absurd to argue that it would place this country at a disadvantage under any circum stances. The idea, also, that the clause relating to the policing of the canal places a limitation upon the power of this country to absolutely control it is without force. The Unit ed States has secured in this treaty all it asked and there ought to be no question as to the duty of ratifying it. Warrant Call. County Treasurer's Office, Billings, Montana, December 10, 1901! Notice is hereby given'that all war rants on the road funds of Yellow stone county, Montana, registered prior to November 30, 1901, and on the bridge fund prior to December 10, 1901, will be paid on presentation at the county treasurer's office at Bill ings, Montana. Said warrants will cease to draw interest on and after December 10, 1901. E. S. HOLMES, County Treasurer, d-sw By Cora L. Ramsey, Deputy. ST. JOHN'S HEADACHE CURE aill cure your headache. Sold by Chap. ple Drug Co. Before 2 P. M. In December HUNTgp If you wish photos of the CHILDREN. PROFESSIONAL CARDS. JAMES CHAPPLE, M. D., C. M., Physician and Surgeon. Telephone - Residence, No. 77; Office, No. 124. Belknap Block, - Billings, Mont. J. H. RINEHART, M. D, Physician and Surgeon. First National Bank Block, Billings, Mont. H. E. ARMSTRONG, M. D., Physician and Surgeon. Belknap Block, - Billingg, Mont. CLIFF LINDSEY, M. D., Physician and Surgeon. Special attention given to Surgery and Diseases of Women. Office-Front Room over W. B. TenEyck's Harness Establishment on Montana avenue. Telephone 120. Residence 210 N. Thirty-flrst street. Telephone No. 7. DR. PORTUS BAXTER, Physician and Surgeon. Office, Williams &.Baxter Drug Store. House 'Phone, 130. O. F. GODDARD, Attorney-at-Law. First National Bank Block, Billidgs, Mont. JAMES R. GOS. Attorney-at-Law. First National Bank Block, Billings, Mont. HENRY A. FRITH, Attorney-at-Law. First National Bank Block, Billings, Mont. F. H. HATHHORN, Attorney-at-Law. First National Bank Block, Billings, Mont. J. B. HERFORD, Attorney-at.Law. Room 1, Belknap Block, Billings, Mont. SPEAR & WHITE, Fire Insurance. 11 North Twenty-Eighth street Telephone No. 142. A. FRASER, Justice of the Peace, Notary Publi, U. 8. Commlssioner. First National Bank Block, Biliag. Moat.