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The Billings Gazette.
Gazette Printlug Company, Publishers E. H. BECKER. Editor. Official City and County iDaper. Subscription Rates. One year, in adance...........$3.00 Six months .................... 1.50 Single copies.................... .05 DAILY GAZETTE. Per Year, by mail, in advance.... $9.00 Per Month, by mail ............. .75 Per Month, by carrier.......... 1.00 Entered at the Billings Postoftice as Seoond Class Matter. Tuesday, December 24, 1901 OWE DEBT TO LIPTON. Crisp and fresh, like the winds that have never yet blown fair for him. comes the announcement of Sir Thomas that he has concluded to build Shamrock III. and make an other try for the cup.. Particularly happy is the announcement at this time. It affords relief to the two na tions most interested, as it gives them somethin else to think and talk about than courts of inquiry, insular poli cies, South African wars, taliff com plications, coronation robes and the countless number of other questions that of late have engrossed the minds of their people almost to the exclu sion of everything else. While his decision will probably not cause all of the more serious matters that are now occupying the thoughts of the statesmen. lawmakers and the com coen people of the two countries to be dropped and minds now filled with other subjects to suddenly bend them se·ves to the solution of the intricas ice oK club topsails, spinnakers. boomnL. baby jibs and curvature of hulls, yet it is safe to assume that be tween thoughts involving the fate anal destinies of nations, will come occasional suggestions as to the rela tive merits of American and British boat builders and the respective abil ity of Yankee and English skippers to handle the modern racing machines of the ocean. The fact that his most gracious and imperial majesty, Ed ward VII., shows a deep and profound in-erest in the plans and ambitions of the debonaire tea merchant adds to the importance of the matter and will cause many on both sides who would probably otherwise manifest no more than a blase indifference to become interested and brush up on their nautical knowledge and yacht ta'k will henceforth be the proper thing at club and pink tea. While The Gazette does not wish that the doutghty Irishman may suc ceed in his cherished ambition of "!'fting" America's cup, it can, never theless, but thank him for hav ing given us something to talk about that is absolutely free and clear of politics, while at the same time show ing that although defeated twice, he has enough of the true sportsman's spirit in him not to give up without at 'east trying just once more. ENTHUSIASM OF GENIUS. Inspired by the enthusiasm of the inventor and carried away by the lat te-'s exuberance of spirit occasioned by the success which followed his ef fort, Governor Boyle of New Found lanmi at the state dinner given the other night to Marconi is reported as haling acquiesced in, if not expressed the same confident belief in the final and complete triumph of wireless tel egraphy that the inventor so glow ingly set forth. While it was no dc.tbt a notable achievement to wave even the single, crooked, hump back ed letter "s" across the seas that di -ide England and the colony which sc strongly suggests codfish and bait whenever its name is mentoned, yet it wil ihe~ even more notable when the entI.re alphabet shall be transmitted in "he same mnanner and that so plain ly and distinctly that it may be form ed into words and intelligible sen tences. But having succeeded in transmitting one letter, Messrs. Mar coni and Boyle are hopeful that by degrees all the others may in time be taught to find their way across the ocean with nothing more to guide them in their flight than the strong attraction of an affinity in the form of a magnetic machine on the other side. The hope of the inventor in this respect is so strong that it has already taken the form of a belief and be sees the not far distant day when wit es, keys, sounders and the other paraphernalia necessary to the suc cessful operation of telegraphy as now practiced may be sold to the junk man and his apparatus be substi tuted. Of course, everybody hopes that the genitleman's hope and belief may as sume the forms of concrete facts, but .until that happy time The Gazette will continue to pin its faith to the old Morse code and trust to accepted ,methods for the transmission of its ihtws -from every clime and every lawd, with the more modern telephone as a useful and often indispensable adjunct. Meanwhile there will be no glut of unemployed telegraph opera tors to add their volume to the num ber of idle men and even boys may be found with sufficient hardihood and confidence in the future to seek cmployment with telegraph com panies as messengers for the oppor tunity afforded to learn the trade of operator, though all may not become expert enough to be "report men" and some may have to be content with merely "0. S-ing" trains. DAWN OF REASON. While the millenium may be still some distance in the future, signs of the dawn of better times are to be seen and the true philanthropist need not despair, for the day is approach ing when much of the strife and fac tional warfare which has in the past and is still unfortunately arraying against each other those who should be working in harmony and unison will be a thing of the past. The ef forts now making by the representa tives of labor and capital to harmonize the divergent interests, or more prop erly speaking interests identical, but which through a misunderstanding of each other and wrong conceptions of many things have caused the strife and acrimony which so often marks their relations, are indicative of an awakening of reason and a spirit of toleration which can but make for better conditions all around. The very interdependence of the two elements is such as should make the attempt to bring abount harmony and friendly feeling a task easy of accomplishment. Although they have had their qaurrels, often bitter and cruel, in the long run they have in variably come together and peace has been restored, a peace that very often was brought about at a cost to each contestant frightful to behold. Suf fering, ruination, death and count less other ills have too often been permitted to hold reign over those opposed to each other before they listened to the voice of reason and be fore judgment was allowed to assert itself. While sometimes one or the other of the opposing forces gained all they contended for, oftener it has been only by mutual concession and con ciliation that a rapprochment has been effected and months of weary suspense and agonizing doubt ended. By being honest with each other and by fairly stating their respective grievances and permitting full realiza tion of the truth that no matter what their relative positions in life may be, all are men and all human, swayed by the same passions and prompted by the same impulses, the representatives of the two elements will find it sur prising that they should have permit ted themselves to become opposed to each other in matters and concerns so vitally important to the welfare and happiness of each. As was truly and well said by some of the men who participated in the late conference, capital cannot get along without labor, no more than can labor exist without capital to furnish the avenues of em ployment and give those who have only stout hearts and willing hands an nnnnrtlnitv ton aain ¢l1ivtlihnnA By the speeches of those who repre. sented the toilers at the meeting, which in many respects was one of the most remarkable ever held in the country, it became apparent that the day has gone when the laborer looked upon capital and combinations of such as instruments calculated only to op press and degrade him. President Gompers was one of those who dis claimed any such feeling and declar ed that industrially he welcomed com binations of that kind. The objec tions he registered against combina tions of capital interfering with the political affairs of the nation and par ticularly with the judiciary, did credit to himself and to those for whom he spoke. He but voiced the sentiments and desires of all good citizens, be they laborer or employer. Realizing the great benefits labor has derived from organization, he is fair minded enough to be willing that capital should be permitted to benefit itself in like manner.. Labor and capital he said are joint elements in the pro duction and distribution of wealth. By forming organizations on both sides and governing those organiza tions in the proper manner and ap pointing as representatives to deal with one another men of sense, judg ment and broad conceptions of hu manity and the rights that each pos sesses much better results may be ac complished than by individual effort to obtain that to which each is entitled and which by right each should hold. President Mitchell of the mine workers, concededly one of the most loyal. fearless and able as well as just leaders the laboring men of the country have, epitomized the whole industrial situation when he gave ut terance to the following, which all may accept as an axiom: "I think the solution of the labor problem is not a difficult one. ItI needs no introduction of utopian ideas. Men should reason together and when they meet they should be honest with one another. I have never seen a strike that could not have been avert ed if the two interests had met fairly in advance. If the great plan outlin ed before this conference is carried out it will do more good than any other movement in our country." As one who knows, the effects of industrial war Mr. Mitchell said no one will welcome more than he in dustrial peace, and it is but judging of his past actions to give him credit for sincerity when ne so expressed himself. THEY PROMISE FAIR. Last Sunday's Great Falls Tribune contains a Christmas greeting to the people of Montana from their repre senatives in the upper house of con gress, comment on which affords par ticular pleasure to The Gazette. This newspaper did all within its power to defeat the party of which the two are members and consequent ly its opposition extended to them in so far as it applied to all democrats, and did so because of conscientious regard for what it considered to be the best interests of the state and na tion. It had no personal feeling in the matter, being solely actuated by a desire to serve the people, as it then believed and still believes that the principles advocated by the party of which they are members are not cal culated to best advance the welfare, prosperity and happiness of the na tion. By their decision at the polls the people of the state showed that they did not subscribe to the belief of The Gazette and the party for which it stands, but entertained con trary opinions. While still believing as it then be lieved, The Gazette, however, does not intend that that belief shall warp its judgment to the extent of making it blindly prejudiced or causing it to wilfully withhold credit where credit is due. By honestly commending the work of its political opponents when that commendation is merited, it need not surrrender cue iota of its loyalty to the party which it has been ever a consistent and devoted adherent or lay itself open to the charge of waver ing in its allegiance to that party. In the greeting of Messrs.. Gibson and Clark it believes that it sees the ex pressions of loyal Montanans, men, who while they may owe their suc cess to one party, are broad minded and patriotic enough to realize that they were elected to serve all the people and that they are senators, not of the democratic party, but of the state. By the assurances they give in their greetings, they pledge themselves not to permit party dif ferences to stand in the way of any matter in which they can render ser vice to the state. In fact the promises they make are such as to render :it difficult to understand that they are not republicans. They stand with the western senators of that party on about every question and proposi tion that finds favor with the major ity. To read the list of questions given by Senator Clark in which the west is particularly interested and which have the support of the admin istration and the western representa tives and which he declares he him self will earnestly support makes one think twice and ponder whether, after all, Mr. Clark is not a pretty good republican himself. ...-Not far behind in this respect is Senator Gibson. His expressions in regard to the tariff are such as one would expect to hear from a repub lican committed to the policy of reci procity. Certainly they are not those of a free trade democrat, such as he announced himself to be when he ar rived at Washington and was inter viewed. The utterances he makes in respect to the changed conditions show that he was not a careless read er of President McKinley's last speech, but that he read it carefully, thoroughly and not without good re sults to himself and his constituency. He is committed to protection for wool and the other raw products of the west which the manufacturer of the east is desirous of placing on the free list. While free trade as an ab stract proposition may appeal to him strongly, applied in the concrete in all its bearings, he is outspoken in his opposition. He honestly admnits that to place wool on the list of arti cles imported and on which no tariff or at best only a nominal duty is imposed would be working a great wrong to the people of Montana and he intimates strongly that when the time comes for him to place himself on record his vote will be found in the column recording the negative vote on the proposal to make wool non-dutiable.. The senator, although he modestly says he knows but little about the tariff, has been at Washington long enough to appreciate the situation as it exists in regard to the sentiment of the east concerning the tariff as regarded there. He sees the selfishness of the New England manufacturer, who demands a local tariff, one that will benefit himself to the exclusion of every one else. Speaking of this the senator Isays: "The woolgrowers of the far west have more to fear from the tariff schemes of manufacturers in the New England and middle states than from the democratic party. The eastern manufacturer wants foreign wool ad mitted free, while demanding pro tection for the product of his looms; and oftentimes while he appears to stand for protection to Americanwool growers, he Succeeds in so adjusting the schedules and the rules affecting imports as to very largely overcome the disadvantage to him of protect ing the raw material. The trouble with our woolgrowers has often been that high duties on foreign wool did not protect them." The Livingston Post stops its press long enough to contradict the report sent out by an envious contemporary that it has about made up its mind to 'join the phalanx of republican news papers published in the state. The Post need not be so emphatict in its disclaimer of the report, it has long ago passed the point where it can be made to feel the effects of the saving grace which is said to have the power to reclaim all the erring and lead them into paths of righteousness. It has too long followed the broad road to be now able to branch off and wend its way via the straight and narrow trail. But for all that the Post is as good as it is possible for a demo cratic newspaper to be. WARMLY COMMENDED. Omaha Bee: President Roosevelt's interpretation of the Monroe doctrine has attracted much attention in pan American circles and is very general ly and warmly commended. The pres ident said that the doctrine is a declar ation that there must be no territorial aggrandizement by any non-American power on American soil. It is not in tended as hostile to any nation in the old world and still less is it intended to give cover to any aggression by one new-world power at the expense of any other. The doctrine, said the president, has nothing to do with the commercial relations of any American power, save that it allows each of them to form such as it desires. It is intended to safeguard the permanent independence of the American repub lics, but it offers no guaranty against punishment for the misconduct of any of these countries toward a foreign nation. Referring to the views of the presi dent the minister of Salvador in Wash ington said they will tend to allay the feeling of suspision which unfortunate ly exists in South America regarding the attitude of the United States-a feeling, he remarked, "incomprehen sible to those who are aware of the just purposes of the American govern ment." Certainly if such utterances as those of President Roosevelt and of his predecessor do not have the effect to allay suspicion of this country that feeling is too deep-rooted to be remov ed. The course of the United States toward the southern republics has al ways been so friendly and frank and honorable that it is difficult to under stand how a doubt regarding our in tegrity of purpose and good faith could have found lodgment in the minds of the people of those countries. It is probable, however, that the feeling of suspicion is dying out. Much good in this direction should come from the Pan-American congress, the delegates to which will be able to inform their people that the friendship of this country for its sister republics is sin cere and abiding. GAGE AND THE TREASURY. Minneapolis Journal: Frequent rumors of the resignation of Secre tary Gage and his supersession by a new man have culminated in a re port that he has notified the presi dent of his intention to resign and z that there will probably be an an nouncement of his successor before long. t Secretary Gage has been at the head of the treasury department through the severest phase of the storm and stress of the conflict for r sound money and promoted, to his f utmost ability, the gold standard cur f rency act which became a law on , March 14, 1900, and assured the main tenance of public credit and the pay a ment of the national debt on the basis n of gold, only omitting a definite pre a scription for the exchange of standard s silver dollars with gold. i_ In his last report Secretary Gage i made some important recommenda s tions touching the prevention of con .t gested capital, the diffusion of bank d ing facilities and the removal of cer e tain obvious elements of weakness in If our financial system. The secretary n has proved himself an intelligent e emergency official and has incident II ally been the recipient of much abuse, as his predeccessors have been. He y has been censured for buying bonds e to ease the money market and charg g ed with paying too high a price for ,s them, but the latter charge has been it disproven and in buying bonds he has e only followed the course of his pre e decessors and the process is one of w the results of the lack of flexibility s in our currency system. it There is talk of putting an eastern e man in the treasury department. r Since the republican party came into power, the secretaries of the treasury t who have done the most effective ff work in national crises have been w western menr Chase was a western n man and his foresight as to govern n ment necessities in carrying on a 1- great war, brought about the estab - lishment of the national banking sys* tem, primarily Intended to make a market for government bonds. John Sherman was a western man, and, whatever may be said about his oc casional tendencies to unsound finan cial theories, he was the man who stood by the public credit and carried out the proposition: "The way to resume is to resume." Sherman's dogged perseverance was a strong factor in bringing the nation out of the prolonged paper currency de bauch. Windom was a western man, and, in the peculiar silvery at mosphere prevalent during his tenure of office, he made the most reason able proposition to keep silyer and gold at parity which had been brought out. Gage is a western man and he has certainly conducted the elaborate business of the treasury department with singular ability. The New York Times, commenting the other day upon Mr. Stickney's central bank and free banking proposition, said: "The study of the science of bank ing, with a view to adapting present methods to the extensive changes now going on rapidly in the business of the country, is, we think, more steadily and vigorously pursued in the west than it is in what we are fond of regarding as the financial center of the country. The contri butions resulting from this study at the meeting of the bankers in Mil waukee this year were chiefly from western bankers, and they were well worth the consideration of our own representatives. It is true that two of the financiers most influential in the discussion on that occasion were natives of New York and graduates of our system, Secretary Gage and ex-Controller Eckels. But it is equal ly true that the discussion appears to arouse more interest and to be fol lowed more intelligently and eagerly in the west than here. * * * In some ways the mind of the west is turned more and more intelligently toward the future, than is the mind of the east. It is well for us of the east to remember that the west may have more than we to do with the shaping of the future, and that it would be wise to work together." It is certainly true that if the west has contributed much to the financial vagaries of the country, it has also contributed many of the strongest guardians of the public credit whose voices have been heard effectively. The west, as the New York paper says, may have more to do with the shaping of the future than the east, A DEMOCRATIC MOSES. New York Sun: Once more we greet Colonel Moses Wetmore of St. Louis with a glad heart and hand. For two years we have revered and cele brated him as the one man in the world who knows how to fight trusts. His method has the naked simplicity of genius. He is a tobacco manu facturer. He is a hater of trusts, as befits a crony' and hunting companion of Colonel Bryan. The tobacco trust is his special aversion. So he sold out his tobacco plant at fat figures to the trust. Then with the money ob tained from a conscienceless monop oly he proceeded to start an independ ent plant. It was highly prosperous, for Colonel Wetmore knows his busi ness. Meanwhile he continued to flame against trusts. We felt that he was planning another stunning blow at them. It is reported that blow has fallen. The trust has bought the colonel out again. As he can sell longer than the trust can buy, there must come a time when he has got all the trust's money and the trust has got all his plants. The Octopodicide, the slayer of the devil fish, has been found. Democratic associations in search of an orator for Jackson day can't do better than to ask Colonel Moses Wetmore to speak on "how to do up trusts." SPANISH CLAIMS GROWING. Omaha Bee: Under the treaty of peace with Spain the United States agreed to indemnify its own citizens for any damage sustained in Cuba as the result of the conflict in that is land. It was not anticipated when the treaty was negotiated that the claims would exceed a few million dollars and consequently no limit.was specified. This was an unfortunate omission, for thus far the claims filed foot up to a total of more than $60, 000,000 and new demands are pre sented every day. The chairman of the Spanish claims commission, Hon. William E. Chand ler, has called attention to the fact that this is almost the only instance in which the amount of claims has not been fixed by a limitation. The failure to do this cannot now be rem edied and consequently the commis sion will be called upon to consider claims which probably have little or no foundation, but which take up time and involve expense in their consid eration. It appears, moreover, that there was blundering on the part of congress in the legislation creating the claims commission, which is with 7 out power to do things now found to i be essential, particularly in the mat 1 ter of obtaining evidence abroad re garding alleged claims. It is stated a that the Spanish government has vol I unteered its aid to defeat baseless - claims by supplying whatever evi dence it may have in its possession with respect to them, but the commis sion is unable to avail itself of the offer. This is a matter which con gress can correct and will doubtless do so. There is no doubt that of the claims already filed there are many that cannot be proven, but the mis takes that have been made in connec tion with this matter are likely to be very expensive. THE FOOLISH HANNA BOGEY. Minneapolis Journal: Senator Marcus A. Hanna is gradually living down the infamous calumies against him that were chiefly fathered by Alfred Henry Lewis' venomous pen during the campaign of 1896. Those misrepresentations, being taken up and repeated and re-written in a thou sand forms, sank so deeply into the popular mind that a large part of the senator's own partizans came to look upon him as an evil to be tolerated on the ground that the end justifleE the means. It is not exaggerating to say that a majority of the intelligent public re garded Hanna as the worst type o1 the unscrupulous plutocrat in politics The senator's election to the chair manship of the committee of thirty six of the National Civic Federation the purpose of which is to reconcilk labor and capital, should disabuse the still credulous of the Hanna bogey Neither the representatives of labor nor the representatives of the public on the committee would have favorec his election if he were the heartless unscrupulous, grasping, arrogan monster that Alfred Henry Lewis hai I so ruthlessly painted him. The Jour - nal has at times emphatically disap proved of some of the senator's polit ical methods and acts, but it believei there is not a capitalist in America today who .is at heart more public spirited and more desirous of work ing good for the whole country thai this same "Mark" Hanna. Addie Summers Tires or Her Christ mas Gift. Addie K. Summers has filed a pray er for divorce with the clerk of the district court in which she asks thai the bonds btween herself and Charles Summers be severed. She allegs that she and the defendant were inter married in Noble county, Ohio, De cember 25, 1896. If the causes of ac tion she sets forth are true then the Christmas gift she received whei she accepted Charles for her hus band has proved anything but on: she should care to keep always. Cruelty and failure to properly sup port her are the principal allegation, contained in the complaint. A; specific instances of the former she relates that in January, 1900, thq de fendant struck her and knocked i4 down. Again in May, same year, sh asserts, he flourished a wicked look ing razor in her face and threatene. to cut her throat. As still anothe instance of his alleged cruelty she complains that in August of the pres ent year he threw a pointed knife a her with the evident intent of doini her great bodily harm. Beside doinj all these things the peitioner also al leges that Charles is much given t excessive use of intoxicants and tha he has a very strong antipathy t anything and everything in the forn of manual labor.. BILLINGS STILL QUEEN. Magic City Heads-All Others in Easl ern Montana. "Billings is still queen of easter Montana," says Charles F. Burtoi one of the leading real estate agent of the city, yesterday evening, say the Butte Miner. "Our city is gettin to be quite a jobbing point, furnisl ing the goods not only for all the i, land towns in eastern Montana, bu those of northern Wyoming as wel Since the completion of the Burlinl ton branch into the Big Horn, Wy, ming basin, with its terminal at Bu falo Bill's town of Cody, we have bee getting more of that trade than i previous years. Billings has tw wholesale houses, and three of tb largest department stores also do large jobbing business. Any one o the five will have total sales for th year above the $300,000 mark. "We now have four banks. In add tion to the two national banks, whic have been doing a very profitabi business for a long time, Yege Brothers, this year, opened a ban to aid them in handling the cred. customers of their large departmer store and of the Billings. Wholesa] Commercial company, of which th. own the major portion.. The Donoval McCormick company, which operatE another large department store an does a large jobbing business, not I be outdone by their competitors, now opening a' bank in Senatc Gruwell's new building. Paul M Cormick, the wellknown cattle mai is to be the president, and Charle Spear, another large cattleman, is I be the cashier." Weather. Washington, Dec. 23.-Montans Generally fair and colder Tuesda: I Wednesday fair; west winds.