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The Billings Gazette.
Oazette Printing Company, Publishers E. ,. BECKER. Editor. Official City and County Papelr. Subscription Rates. One year, in adance...........$3.00 Six months................... 1.50 Single copies........................ .05 DAILY GAZETTE. Per Year, by mail, in advance ....$9.00 Per Month, by mail.............. .75 Per Month, by carrier.......... 1.00 Entered at the Billings Postoleice as Second Class Matter. FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 21, 1902. TAFT POINTS THE WAY. It is possible that some of tie umnio crats who have read Bovernor Taft's testimony may still be of the opinion that to let the Philippines go to the devil would be the proper and correct method for this country to pursue in regard -to them. The governor, it will be observed, is outspoken in ref erence to the manner in which he formerly regarded the question of the acquisition of the islands and that he was opposed to it, but since we have them he favors keeping them and has confidence in the nation's ability to carry out its plans of reclamation and regeneration. He admits that the task we have assumed is a hard one and without precedent, but for all that he is sanguine as to the future and believes that only patience and time are required to crown the under taking with success. '5he fact that the islanders have been ffor centuries under the influ ,ence of the Christian religion causes him to consider them in a different light than the other Malay races and with the spread of education and the civilizing and elevating influences of American institutions to guide and ,contai them he believes the dawn of .1olter times is not far off. He shows his faith by his works, declaring that if he did not firmly believe that event ually we should succeed in accomplish- t ing what we have undertaken he would resign at once and never return to the islands. Governor Taft is show ing himself possessed of the right spirit and the position he assumes is in marked contrast to that of the dem ocrats and other little Americans. He sees the difficulties with which we have to contend. but is too loyal and patriotic to turn his back and quit the field. No one better than he un derstands the conditions existing in the islands and no one more fully than he apreciates the magnitude of our self imposed task of regeneration. but with the sublime faith of a patriot in the justice of American laws and the righteousness of our undertaking he is willing that we shall proceed and bring to the as yet benighted ones in those far off islands the blessings of our own institutions anti fit them for participation in the affairs of govern ment. Because this canot he dlone in a day, a month or even a year he is unwilling that we shall quit the fidell and permit chaos and anarchy to take the place of law and order and with ,cowardly mien retreat and confess to the world our inalility to carry out what we have attempted. He recog nizes the duty we owe to the world and says we shall dischargd that duty. regardless of the cost and the opposi tion we encounter at home. In the replices and suggestions of Governor Taft the democrats who are so fond cf asking what Lincoln would do wer e he president may take their answer:. Tincoln was never known to turn his back. He faced every crisis that arose and tproved himself an American under all emergenies. He would not shirk the pie.sent resnonsi hility and accept democratic advice. He would not withdrtlaw ourlll troops from the islands and give tho Filipinos independence when they are not in a condition to govern themselves, neither would he deny the protection to life and property which we guaran teed to give when by treaty we assutm ed sovereignty over the archipelago. He would do as Governor Taft do clares we must do-make the l).st of existing conditions and continue the work we have undertaken, conscious that in the end the right will prevail and that only justice and liberty are possible wherever the American flag floats. As far as the presitentt las c.noeln ed he is willing to spllit the dierence and give the credit to the captains. Whether this decision will prove sat isfactory to the adherents of the two admlrals remains to be seen. The I bleachers may be expected to set up a bowl and demand a new umpire. The Hen. Mr. T. S. Gourlay of Plictou, Nova Scotia, is living, moving tvldence of the fact that the genus nphool is not solely indigenous to country sodth of the Canadian S BUTTE GROWING GOOD. Judging from the tone of its news papers Butte has been taken with a spasm of virtue that bodes wholesale trouble for some of its most dis guished citizens. Demand is made for several reforms and those making it are apparently very much in earnest. in fact to read the editorials which of late have been appearing in the Miner and Inter Mountain one is led to the belief that the big camp has re solved itself into a revival meeting, reform association and good govern ment league all in one. First of all is'the movement for relegation of the "red light district." whatever that may be, to some less conspicuous and prom inent place in the city than it now seems to occupy.. Having become im bued with the enthusiasm of the aver age reformers, the persons behind that movement now declare that there are other things that need suppression and by way of adding variety and giv ing a new flavor to their work say the pool rooms must go. The business mens' association has taken up the cudgel against those institutions and will make the question of their sup pression a political issue in the com ing city campaign. From the,fact that it is propcsed to wait until the time comes for electing a new city administration before the issue is fair ly placed makes it very evident that but little is expected from the pres ent administration in the way of pur ifying the city's moral atmosphere. This need not be considered strange, when it is remembered that some of the aldermen are interested in such places and may be relied upon not to vote for any proposition likely to in terfere with their sources of income. The Miner, which is making a spec iality of its war on the "red light dis trict" is inclined to believe that a mis take is being made to begin a crus ade against the pool sellers and inti mates that the reformers are carry ing too much weight for age. It cau tions those on its side not to be de ceived, as the movement against the pool rooms is but a shrewd scheme of the enemy to divide the opposing forces and thus making their defeat all the easier. By attempting a double barrel reform, the Miner declares, pub lic opinion is likely to be divided as to the order of precedence of the barrels and the whole thing will fail. While not opposing the latest form of the crusade for better morals that is now holding Butte in the throes of a social upheaval, the Miner is giving it only little support because of the deceit it professes to see behind it and will not, if it can avoid such a result, be caught in the meshes of the wicked. Meanwhile its slogan is "The red light district must go." THE PRESIDENT ACTS. According to present appearances some more rough sledding is in store for the merger and Governor Van Sant in his fight against Hill. Morgan et al will have the services of an ally whose strength is not to be despised. The attorney general of the United States has given it as his opinion that the Northern Securities company is an organization effected in violation of the Shornxan anti-trust law and in ac cr:rdance with that opinion is prepar ing to institute action in the courts to have the company dissolved. The president is be1hind the contem plated action, for it was he who re quested MIr. Knox's opinion and hav ing secured it gave the directions which are albout to l complied with hy institution of the action. This ac tin on, the irart of "the strenuous tne" as some of Roosevelt's enemies have of late sneeringly refeirred to tim. is no surprise to those who know the man. much as it may cause the ohli(r side to feign astoiishment. The inert., fact that he has not seen fit to raise his voice in unison with the chorus i:f calamity howleirs who ar. filling tihe halls of congress with their whoops andi has refrainedl from using itorsh and abusive language has im ,llied themn to make charges of in sinxcerity against him andti is responsi ,l, for the cry of octopus worship ihat ihey ha\ve raised against him ever sincet his first message to congress. W'hen hlie ibecame satisfied that the law of the land was being violated he showed himself to Ire president and gnave ordlers to stop the violation and to that endl invokes the aid of the only lrow-r capable of affording rielief-the opurts. These tribunals are soon to ie asked to pass their judlgment and by tlihat judgment the president, the same as the humlrlest citizen of the nation. must abide. lnlhurir they speedily manifest a lit tler more of the spirit of fair play, some- of the congressional gentlemen, who are opposing legislation in aid of national irrigation may again find themselves short when the time comes for "whacking up" the contents of the x-iver and harbor barrel. The west has several strong lunged and hard head ed representatives in both houses who may be relied upon to do a little in the way of reprisal, should such a course appear necessary to them. , It must begin to strike Mr. Wheeler that after all he may have possibly made a mistake. Miss Stone having been finally re leased, it is to be hoped that the good lady will stay released, even though her name appear less frequently in 'the public prints than it has during the past few months. Beside, the ne. spapers will soon need all the space at their disposal to chronicle events in connection with Prince Henry's coming, and then the corona tion is drawing apace. Even from newspapers in his own party Mr. Wheeler is receiving some boquets that he will probably not care to display on his desk. In the opinion of a majority of those who have' ex pressed themselves on his recent vocal effort he is an ass of the composite kind and the sooner he realizes the fact the better it will be for himself and his party. If the Hon. Mr. Gourlay will kindly read once more the history of the South African war as it ha§ progress ed up to date he may be induced to extend by a week or so the time he declares necessary to capture the Yankee capital and make it a suburb of Ottawa. A very strong suspicion is be, inning to exist that Miss Stone is lcetermined to make the celebration of her re lease a counter attraction to the re ception of Prince Henry. Speaker Henderson does not love Cuba less, but hates the sugar trust more. OUR FOREIGN FRIENDS. Omaha Bee: The pres:;ent of the great steel corporation found among the people of Europe with whom he came in contact only friendshipandad miration for this country. Mr. Schwab met leading financiers and manufac turers who it appears were very much impressed with the combination of which he is the head and which he 13 now more strongly convinced than before he went to Europe is a great thing for our iron and steel industries. That may prove to be the case if economy and reduction in cost, which Mr. Schwab says are the objects in view, shall be attained and the con sumers of the products of steel are thereby benefited. As yet, however, the steel trust, while paying large divi dends to stockholders, has shown no disposition to consider the interests of consumers and it may fairly be doubted if it will ever 'to so. As to the friendship of foreign finan ciers and manufacturers, it is very questionable if it exists to the extent indicated by the statement of the pres ident of the steel corporation, whose observation was doubtless confined to a limited circle. There is quite as trustworthy authority for saying that many European manufacturers, who have suffered from American competi tion. do not feel at all friendly toward this country and would like to find a practicable way to shut out or put a check upon our competition. In view of the suggestions in this direction that have come from European states men, who must be presumed to know the sentirhent among their people en gaged in the industries, it is not pos sible to believe that all European financiers and manufacturers are friendly to the United States and ad mire us for having taken their trade. Perhaps the feeling of commercial hostility toward the United States in Europe has somewhat abated, but it is by no means entirely dissipated, and while the idea of a continental alliance to check American competi tion has probably been abandoned as unattainable, there is no assurance that European countries will not dis criminate against our products in their tariffs. DEMOCRATIC POLICY. Mjinncaitolis Journal: Congressman Whleler's enterprise last week in giv ing the distracted democrats a sug g(:stion for a new issue was of the kind (haracteristic of the loquacicus Ken tuckians. He seems to have put his foot into it, however, for while hurl ing a storm of vituperative nouns, ad jectives, verbs ailnd participles at the adminisira:ion fur showing the usual civiliti.es to nations with whom we are at peace and upon friendly terms, he has aroused the ire of our citizens of German descent and birth, who natur ally object to the characterization of Prince HTenry of Hohenzollern as a "little Dutchman" and denouncing the government for showing him any at tention and reviling American citizens as guilty ;f "disgraceful flunkeyism" for approving the course of the gov ernment, which is the course taken in such cases by American administra tions from Washington's to the pres ent time, including the democratic adtministrations. Possibly the leaders of the demo cratic party, whoever they may be, will not share the vituperative energy of Wheeler, for they may reflect that there are some Germans in the demo cratic party. The party, however, seems so distracted and confused over the subject of issues, that it is just stupid enough to back Wheeler. What an interesting spectacle will the dem ocrats present going into the proxt mate congressional elections on Wheeler's "anti-flunkeyism" issue! And what an agglomeration of is sues the democratic organs and ora tors are wrangling over! Here is a group of organs, like the Philadelphia Record, beseeching the party to drop all other issues and concentrate all the party energy upon a fight for free trade . in the most positive manner. Another group of democrats, repre sented by Bryan and his Commoner, distinctly call for the effectuation of the "scuttle" policy as to the Phil ippines, taking for their motto the ihi cisive pronouncement of. Senator Money of Misslssispi: "Let the Phil ippines go to the devil and tale care of themselves!" Senator Beni Tillman of South Carolina, who tries to pose as another Calhoun, but nrakes him self ridiculous by his vulgar buffoon ery and slangwhangery, shriek. "My sympathies are with the F'lipmnos!" but his scarcely disguised animus is his belief that his party can success fully launch the "anti-imperialist" is sue with great success in 190'4. Some benighted democratic editors. again, are trying to revive free silvoer, but it is generally conceded that they are meeting with very languid support. The corpse is too heavy to put in an erect posture. There is no battery strong enough in voltage to electrify it into a semblance of life. On Saturday there will be a big meeting of democrats from all por tions of the country in New York to celebrate the (lay and concurrently discover, if possible, "Where they are at." All the fad issues will probably come up. It would seem that there has come a great change over the southern democracy cn the subject of the Philippines. Tillman is butting against a very positive conviction and sentiment in his section favorable to dropping the policy he advocates. The Atlanta Constitution, discussing the position of the "old wool-hat democ racy" of the south says it knows .their views and that "not a baker's dozen of them, within our knowledge, are opposed to the holding of the Philip pine archipelago as the present in ilefeasible lproperty of the United States."-"The retention of the Phil ippines is a fixed fact and the demo crats of the country who helped to make that fact will stand by it." The Nashville American takes the same view, saying that "throughout the south,in city, town and country, the prevailing and natural, though not uni versal opinion among the people, is that the United States will not and should not surrender their possession and ownership of the Philippines." The Memphis Commercial-Appeal takes the same position and adds that Senator Tillman "technically has no. right to speak for the party." These newspapers have strong backing in the south and there are many others who take the same view. The Journal does not think that Wheeler's anti-flunkeyism issue will be rapturously indorsed as party pol icy by the assembled democracy on Saturday. They will probably pick it up with a pair of tongs and throw it among the refuse in the nearest alley. They will have to decide apparently between the policies of free trade andi "scuttle ' Both are dangerous things for the democrary to handle. A FRANCHISE TAX. Omaha Bee: It was to O)e expected that objections would be raised to the recommendation of the Industrial com mission that an annual franchise tax be imposed upon all state corpora tions engaged in inter-state commerce, the tax to be calculated upon the gross earnings of each corporation from its interstate business, the min imum rate to be low hut to hr ;o adu ally increased witlh increases in earn ings. It is objected to this proposu.'on tF at as the governrment does not nieed more revenue a tax on the corpor - tions is unnecessary, that while a cor poration is a proper subject for taxa tion if the government is in nerd of revenue, it is otherwise not expedient to tax corporations. One objo:tiol is thus stated: "Will a federal f.ranlchise tax upon all corporations englged in interstate commerce, calcu!at'ed uponl gross earnings and incretaing in rate as they increase, help matters, even assuming it to be just?/Internal taxes for restraint and regulation rather than for revenue are of doubtful ex pediency at best, and on such a scale as this they might work very in equitably. A bureau of the treasury department to levy and collect such, a tax and exercise supervision would have its hands more than full." The franchise tax recommendation of the Industrial commission is part of its general plan of publicity and su pervision for the corporations doing an interstate business and is a very essential feature of that plan. We cannot see that the revenue consider ation is of any importance. The only question is as to whether such a tax would be just and it can be confidently assumed that a very large majority of the people would so regard it. There is certainly no good reason why these great corporation's should not bear a share, of the national and state taxa tion proportionate to their share of the national wealth, which the Indus trial commission calculates to be one fifth. The taxation of the giant com bljnatons is smaller than that which the individuai owners pay and if a graduated franchise tax on interstate business will correct that inequality such a tax should be imposed and col lected.. Moreover it would perhaps enable the government to relieve the people of some other taxes that are more or less burdensome. We can see nothing in the objec tions noted that should have any weight against the Industrial commis sion's recommendation. There is no doubt that the franchise tax proposi tion will meet with very general popu lar support and its ultimate adoption can, we believe, be very confidently predicted. ADVERTISING VALUES. ,Chicago Chronicle: It does not need much argument to convince the modern world of the value of advertis ing. There are still some among tlhe professions, so-called, whose expon ents look upon almost any direct means of telling the world what they profess to be able to do as more or less derogating from the dignity of the profession. But even among such as these there are not wholly wanting signs that they are beginning to sus pect the mistaken policy of permit ting the pretenders to take and keep the ear of the world. They give some indications 'of a willingness to take the common sense view of the shrewd preacher who admitted that it is bad policy to "let the devil have all the good times." The modern world has become a reading world. It does not trust any more to the spoken transmission of news from man to man any more than to handing along the history of men's doings by oral tradition. Along with this almost universal practice of read ing has come that of advertising in printed form or readable form of some kind that each one of us pursues. Naturally the leading medium for this recognized practice of advising our fellow men of what we can do gravi tated to the newspaper, the medium through which men learn what is known as the news of the world. Esi sentially the spreading of knowledge of where forms of business are trans acted is news as truly as spreading knowledge of anything else Ingenuity of self-interest-the de sire to "make money"-led some men to invent other ways of advertising for which the inventors could get pay ment and their name is legion. "Wall paper." as it is called, of all kinds, billboards, programmes of all the in finite variety of entertainments, cir culars, many forms of books which but for the fact that their cost is de frayed by the advertisers who can be persuaded to use them, would never be printed, and countless other schemes for promoting alleged public ity have grown up until many who have business to advertise give no small part of their time to listening to solicitations. Every 'manager" of a doubtful concert or recital seeks to thus lure the public into paying the cost of his programmes. The visitor to every theatre must turn over many inky pages before he can find the bill of the play he has come to see. Ev ery city street is disfigured with huge, ungainly billboa-rds. Through the country houses and barns and fences and rocks are made unsightly with painted placar(ls of pills and potions. Many business men seem to think it cheaper to pay for most of these schemes than to spend time in trying to say no to solicitors. Business men, however, g:ve evi dence of beginning to discriminate be tween the kind of advertising that is of value and the many kinds that are worthless. Some time ago the Board of Trtade of a large New Englandl city appointed a committee made up of practical )business men to investigate and report upon the whole question and the report recently made is de tailed and exhaustive. It sets out a great variety of facts which were un earthed in the course of the investi gation, many of them very curious and some very amusing. Touching the issue of books of ephemeral char acter, the report details one case where a large number of advertise ments were secured on the representa tion that 10,000 copies of the book would be printed anld distributed. while the projectors collected from ad vertisers several times the whole cost of the work done. In fact, no books were printed except enough to show to advertisers, who thought them selves shrewd in insisting on seeing a copy. The committee gave eshecial atten tion to the practice of advertising in programmes, theatrical and other, and reached the conclusion that it is prac tically without value. One curious and amusing instance of testing it is detailed wherein certain tradesmen, quite a number of them apparently, advertised in certain programmes that for some plausible reason they would give away certain articles of trade usually in fair demand. The pro grammes appear to have been some of the great value of which as adver tising mediums great things were promised and some of the advertisers rather trembled .for the possible re sult. As a matter of fact, no one of them ever had as much as one single call for the articles so advertised, though the ordinary sales continued as usual. These are examples of the facts un earthed and the unqualified, positive recommendation of the committee is the complete abandonment by busi ness men of all these advertising de vices and the concentration of all the money that all business men can de vote to advertising in the columns df the legitimate mediums for such business, the newspapers That this agitation runs- along with a general movement against the un sightly billboard indicates a fresh a; plication of common sense to the gen eral conduct of business. SPECU LATION VS.TH RIFT. Chicago News: As an exemplar of the destiny of those who embrace "get-rich-quick" schemes and scorn the old-fashioned methods of industry and thrift one Frank C. Andrews of Detroit cannot be said to have spent his life in vain. Mr. Andrews is a young man who arrived in Detroit a few years ago with a capital of $1.25. By dint of nerve and quickness in tak ing advantage of opportunities he se cured a foothold in the speculative world and from that time on made money rapidly, becoming a million aire. Always a blatant advocate of the lucky throw as opposed to caution, sound methods and economy, he has done what he could to imperil the general prosperity of the pullic. Having been lucky, Andrews, like other "young Napoleons of finance," seems to have concluded that he was invincible., He invented several maxims which probably he himself be lived at the time. He openly approv- , ed speculation and declared that "hu man life is too short for the slow pro cesses of thrift." It was his theory that "no man should work after he is 40," and he believed that all his good fortune came as "the :esult of taking chances." He found success consisted "in an indomitable faith in your own proposition." Probably his philosophical view of gambling seem ed correct at the time. His boastful sayings doubtless in no way overstated his faith in himself. That he should have dipped into speculation once too often and brought himself into a predicament in which not even his "indomitable faith" could save him was inevitable. He has suc ceeded in wiping out his fortune in a hurry.. Not being an earner or a sav er, but having been trained through out his life to the idea of getting mon ey without labor, it is not surprising that he should have embezzled funds intrusted to his keeping. From the bank of which he was vice president he took $1,500,000, leaving absolutely no security. His fortune is gone and so is his credit. Any clerk who man ages to set aside $2 of his earnings weekly is now better off than the erstwhile rich and boastful speculator. Youths who may be tempted into spec ulation would do well to note his ex ample.. Buried Not All Dead. Baku, Feb. 20.-During the search1 for bodies of victims of the recent earthquake at Shamaka, 32 persons were disentombed alive. GO TO The Bowling Alley FOR PLEASANT RECREATION HEALTHY EXERCISE PHYSICAL IMPROVEMENT BOWLING Gives an Appetite Aids Digestion Saves Medical Treatment Makes Life Worth the Living THE LATEST FAD Patronized by All Business Men. Drop in and Try One Bowl . ......... Basement Gruwell Building P.lI.Smith& Co. Undertakers and Licensed Embalmers, Undertaking Parlors I14 N. Twenty-Seventh St. Telephone 20. Calls Attoiended to at all Houn