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.......b.......1.60n lNopo . . .05 ~I 2 Re ~Year, by mail,. in Odvance.. $.0O 141' Month. by maie .60' P:·t, * 11E21. by~ ca~iler .., .50 FRIDAY MAra he *. Ij: FRIDAY, "MAYi.2?~j2 I. HUNTING,FQR "ISSUE8." . Only the venting of party spleen t and partizan venom can 'le urged as t causes of the senseless attacks the . demootatic, newspapers, and some of I the democratic members of congress r are naking on the president and ad- I ministration because of the actions s of some of the aiimy 'officers operating 14 in 'the Philippines. Not a, word of 1 testimony has been produced by them s to'show in any manner that the pres- t ident 'or members of his cabinet, are responsible for the alleged violations '~ of the rules of civilized warfare of d which it 14 charged some officers are .1 ' guilty. Instead of approving or com c mending the acts charged ..against l General Smith and others, as the 0 howlers in the .senate and editorial c rooms- would have. one believe, the t president has shownn his. disapproval a and condemnation by ordering instant b ands full iiiqinry into the charges by a s military :-ourt convened for that per- r pose. He wants the whole truth and r nothing but the truth brought out and n may be relied upon to.see 'that the b guilty ones, if there are any, will be A punished in accordance with their n mieet, so far as lies in his power. 1 ,But the course of Carmack and the a 'others who are joining n 'the persecu- S -tibn of the administration is only 'in . line with the ipolicy of the party they a 'epresent. They want "issues" and s ito malke them do not hesitate at any v step or any extreme, no matter how g dishonest or untruthful. The presi- c dent having deprived them of their t -thunder in the direction of actions t against the trusts and combines of all 1 kjnds and, having instituted the very 1 proceedings which they have been de- c claring he dared not ;institute and f thereby refuted the slander .that he c was owned and dominated by the 1 various combinations of capital, they t are now on another tack and hope to a find an "issue" in the conduct a cer- a tain army officers in' the. islands, pacification and civilization of .which .1 the administration, has undertaken. in I accord oce with the exprested wishes and desires of the majority of the E people of the nation. But their cries 1 and charges will deceive very few. The animus behind it all is so very ap- I parent and plain that even the most dense of intellectcan but perceive and > understand the motive that prompts the noise, now making. If General Smith believed that by issuing his noted order he was per forming his duty as a. soldier toward the government in whose service he is, it may be taken for granted that hbe would not hav. refrained from is suing it had a democrat instead of a • republican been in the white house and consequently vommander-infchief of the United States army. It Is rea sonable and safe to assume that when 'a he gave the order the thought as to who was president or which political party was in power at Washington never entered"his mind. He believed S: that the conditions confronting him S justified such extreme measures as he bseorted to and he acted' on his own motion. It has been proved beyond a shadow of doubt that nothing in the general orders issued from Washing ton for the, direction of the troops in the held in the Philippines contained anything .which may be taken as 'a ground or basis for the order of Gen Oral Smith. The contrary is the truth. Every order from headquar ters b.ars been in strict conformity with the rules of warfare as now con ducted by civilized nations affil if eses, have occurred whelte, ,driven to desperation by the treachery and S,'-prum1ty of the foe, individual soldiers da oiflcers have transgressed those lus, it is manifestly wrong and un to ebarge the administration with reepopi~i IiIty for such breaches. " are wanted and legiti being lacking, a disconcert ''I4 sorganized enemy is taking of every pretext, no matteir or fatuous, to gaia syan t tojpowiug in a struggle a. o~w preparing. :@ THE NAME, `giddy, biod girl i oin. et ltion b , the audience niem.ber of its ju4. isper` the edification of th'' like things .cOf that sort i't .ou ":it .is rIarn y, as ahot taer isdge i lar geny treman, who• tupiM. , i t obn oee ot the r beneths stag t l 'buouity pro vides iei the adsdcoiiftiation of ,the lttiginrpust bt its inhabittt ts h'as not been iso promhipnet of late as he whs waont togli.5.te.hais learned a thing oir two, estoiaily as to the power a&nd authority of the supreme dourt, and I cohtent to make himself less. con espicuous than formerly. While 'the act that Judge Harney is doing oannot be said to be eactly new, for it seems, n viewed from this dis tance from the stage, to be only a variation and continuation of. the gone that first brought him into -roidainece and which caused his name to appear in letters oig enough to esuit the most ambitious "star" and his picture to be pralinted in every newspaper o his own city and in those of some others. Time, that deadener of all pains and. the kindly sextnc that officiates at the burial of so many things poor, rail humanity at times desires to .be .interred in the graveyard of forgetful ness, seems to have Deen recreant to his trust for once. He failed to cover so that it would remain buried recol lection of the lite Miles Finlen-Min nie Healy-Ada Hi Bracket-Heinze epi sode that occurred sometime during the latter part-of last winter, in .which Harney fi tred in no enviable ipmanaer. Some vrery naughty. ai davits were filed about that time, af rfedavits that 'contained serious charges against the judge, both as to. his chastity and standing as ' judge. of the dibtrict court of Silver Bow county. The judge denied some of the things contained in those affdavits and some he never did deny. He,; however, did order the affidavite to be stricken out and given no place in the records, and also refused to make a ruling on the motion for a new trial made in the case, which happened to be one in wrhich Miles Finlen and F. Augustus Heinze were warring for possession of a mine named Minnie Healey. The decision rendered was against Finlen and he wanted another go.at the judicial game. As Harney refused to rule on the application for a new hearing, the supreme court was appealed to for a writ of- mandate and the petition was granted. Incidentally the. higher court also passed upon the affidavits that had been stricken out and riled that while the lower body undoubted ly had thefight to strike out from the pleadings an.y matter that it might consider scandalous in order that the files might be kept free from such objectionable and scandalous matter, it did not have the right to .prevent the party feeling aggrieved by rea sona of such order from havipr the same reviewed in an appropriate may ner, and to this end rihould settle a bill of exceptions embodying the al leged scandalous and defamatory matter, so that the order may be prop erly reviewed by the higher, court. Tan 'plainer language, Harney was or dered by the reviewing court to al low the matter to which he had ob jected to come before it, so that it might pass upon it and render an opin ion as to whether it was germane 'to the subject and relevant to the cause at issue. Last Saturday John F. Forbis and L. O. Evans, two of the most promi n-ent and respected attorneys of Butte, appeared in Harney's court and asked him to sign the bill of exoep tions on which it was sought to get the case before the supreme court. In stead of complying with the motion, the judge drew a lengthy type written order from his pocket, filled in a couple of blank spaces it contained and the two lawyers were informed that they, each of them, had been fined $500 and sentenced to twenty four hours in jail for contempt of *court, He gave them the mournful satisfaction afforded by the informa tion volunteered that while they were destined to undergo punishment, it was vicariously and for some others whom he could not "get." For the time being Harney was su preme and the two men who were bearing the burdens intended for sqme one else had to submit. They were placed in the custody of the sheriff and remained in his charge long enough to enable their attorneys to get in touch' with the supreme court and a writ of habeas corpus was issued and the sheriff commanded to have his prisoners before the court on Monday morning. They were also admitted on bail. When the time arrived for the hearing on the writ Judge Harney's attorney asked for further time and it was granted, a new bond being required for the petition ers. Men possessing the necessary piroperty qualfieations were found who were wfllilgs to take chancespn their appearaece' when wanted and the two lawyers were again given con ditional liberty. B~Ste Is all torn up wver the matter and aoma9 : its newspapers have said somue "t. zheik a nd A opliment ary t Earer i cow ection th ot only are they censur ing hi f; committting the two law. yers, buit re oalto reset story about Ada and hk i d Tig dedutlones there t be as displeasing to Wmhis w e original charges, 'bontil adavita.. But after all,, t~ning its reputation for. and the unusual and well be a vehicle lfo- the`' e of that reputation as: an son. Beside, he had the being no novice at the` ig .reputation, like' thht f t seems to be assured. Money made in buying 'an.d i epiling good, American skuk atd 1i nipkat skins seems to have purchaain~ power in the Englsh nobility market ,equal to that miae by brewing le, and dbal ing in tea. Since Carrie Nation 'has stairtedd out to wage a w'ar on the nude ini art the trees- up this way, which ha't been in a disgraceful condition of nudity for .months past, have begun to ,mani fest a most commendable desire t'as sume proper raiment. The landsthing and the folkepthing are evidently not the whole th~iti in Denmark. Although both have voted to sell the islands to the Urilted States, still another thing has `to be heard froti befire 'the salO is a go The rigsdag must also give ita as sent. Inator tRawlins offers his apologies to Genieral Chaffee and, lays it 'nto the, reporter. The fact that the gen eral has the reputation of being some what ofsa scrapper himself may `have had something to do with the expi.ia tion offered by the rip snorting cataclysm from Wyoming. It is hoped that General MacArthur had no intention of being' personal when he replied to the distinguished senator from Colorado that it depend ed entirely upon the kind of a yellow dog it was whether he would' hang him on the strength of the testimony brought out before the senatorial in vestigating committee. Judge Harney could noL get a line on the one passed over the "plate by the supreme court and has been .retir ed to the bench once more. If he could only be retired from the bench Messrs. Forbis and Evans would probably be satisfied with any 'old substitute that could be put in his place until the managers of the team culd fill it permanently. With a new expedition to the north pole fitting out at New York anal an other foolish woman preparing to 'con vert some of the sultan's subjects in territory similar to, thatvisited by Miss Stone, no apprehension need be en tertained relative to a scariity of magazine articles or lecturers when the present supply of. those commod ities shows signs of eihaustion. While the people of Montana ap preciate all the nice things the St. Paul Globe sees fit to say about their new capitol, they must beg to be ex cused from accepting that newspa per's congratulations on the fact that all of the state offices are filled by democrats and -populists. They will make strenuous efforts ,next fall to place themselves in a position where no occasion will exist for offering further congratulations on the same score. Although John Stuart Mill Neil has come out personally for Lamont as the democratic nominee for president. the Helena Independent has as ,yet manifested no wild and uncontrollable desire to do the same thing. Lamont is not in accord with the estimable gentleman who edits that luminary in Montana democracy when It comes to the' money question. The doctor has not yet forgiven him for the part he took in kicking the corpse fter the "assassins" had struck the blow that killed silver. He may come around when John gets home, but not before that. The American newspapers that lre taking occasion' to say so many un complimentary things conceftng William Waldorf Astor because he haa seen fit to buy an English barony are evidently laboring under a aiis apprehension. Instead ,f scoring him after the manner in which they do, they shopld congratulate him on the infcerity he shows thereby of his often repeated declaration of his in teentlon never to again make his home in the United States. If Eng land is willing to accept him at the price for which' le has offered him self this' country. hould not feel badly; about the matter. England is getting the worse of the bargain. A Butt&chontemporary of the demo oratic complexion in politics seems to no longer regard the railroad com bine in the porthwest as a "trust." In a recqnt editorial on the subject it declared that -the president has so far proceeded 4gaiist only one trust, that of the bee pseckers, thereby totally ignortipg what he has a.5 to be done ine 're r4t the omb tion of steel rals, mower and ed pousd engines Ia the athwest. The hat t~he'lpeailro&ds tr$ g ncli rittle merg ini. on itheir ow.a_ account may have something to do with the sjience' it tdi4 , gnlvihi pgticular cet od SONCERNIN IRRIGATION. The Comnmnercial West: The strong? est ' idif fce. to .th ?liBf'tJt of irri3gati'on by `the' `govermntieht Is the fact that the .arid. lands will be needed, together with their product, r 'the' comfoirtble saupport of the people. . , The, population of the 'country has doubled everny 3' !ears. If this rate of increase iolds,'the population will be 125,000,000 or more by 1930.. With this populatina to care for, it is plain that the area of grain production ·an cattle pasturage will be none too large with a part df the arid districc made productive. If the arid lands can be occupied under conditions of prosperity by peo ple who dould be unfavorably situated in cities or towns, the general good is subserved; ,hence' the 'government canl safely take the step suggested by President Rooeeveelt in 'his message and by the National Irrigation asso ciation in the amended bill before congress. The amended bill should pass. CRUX OF THE QUESTION. Minneapolis Journal: While the re port of Colonel Crowder, detailed by the war department to report as to' whether the British muie camp at Chalmette is a violation of the neu trality of the United States. hasnot" yet been published, it is asserted that it is of a nature tPat will lead the president to order the camp broken up. There is a good deal of confusion in the public mind as to what constitutes neutrality. On the one hand it seems rseaonable that the people of the United States have a right to sell their goods and products to all com ers, regardless of whether the pur chasers be at peace or war with some other nation than the United States. That has been the historic American theory of the privileges of a neutral. On the other hand it seems hardly :con asitent with strict neutrality to per mit officers of the British army tp maintain on American soil a regular transport supply camp, which is as much a base of operations for the British army in South Africa as the stores at Cape Town itself. We woqld not permit either Britons or Boers to outfit, equip and dispatch an army from our shores. Neither would we permit the Boers to build a war vessel in an American shipyard, equip and supply it for the purpose of harrying British commerce. But does it not come to much the same thing, when we permit the British to collect and ship in British transports. directly to South Africa those mules and horses that are as much "sup plies of war" as guns and ammuni tion. It was this point that Attorney Gen eral Knox had in mind when he said that the main question was as to whether the traffic was being carried on as in ime cf peace. There is no question of the British privilege to buy and the American right to sell horses ana mules. The question isa to the manner in which the traffic is conducted. Besides general American policy as to neutrality, and International usage, [the United States and England are bound by the treaty of Washington of 1871 which contains these provisions: "A neutral government is bound not to permit or suffer either beltlgerent to make use of its ports or waters as the base of naval operations against the other, or for the purpose of re newal or augmentation of military Supplies or arms or the recruitment of men. "A neutral government is bound to exercise diligence in its ports or waters and as to all persons within its jurisdiction to prevent any viola tion of the foregoing obligations and dupes." This treaty was specifically cited by Queen Victoria in her neutrality proc lamation issued at the beginning of the war between the United States and Spain and would doubtless have been enforced had the United States established at say English port such a camp as the British have at Chal mette. Thus it will be seen that 4f the gov ernment takes steps to break up th Chalmette camp, Englapd can have no cause to take offense. Such a course can not be construed as an ex pression, of ill-will to England. it will merely be the enforcement of that neutrality, after a careful investi gation of the specific offense 4ed. that the Americtan and Britis- gov ernments have mutually bound them selves to observe. ORATORICAL W$TER CURE. Baltimore American: - Senator Mor 1 _uooopoiogS to supply the senate with 1kt .cti0r ·of his ansi. speech. 9IR Is. grsi44al liktesa oratflOhiO Baltmor o d majority of tra al il co.amod ities,: be ti'`o i. h6 a tntiered (0 :i l ii t nl e ue Ith !t l. . thtte a' inod number f wester ai. ere. The beet =rtust4 asn nb*rv almost` entirely fromu t. uelt iof the, worldingan that h poratio alofshis daly rined which is most .necessary ,t a performance of hid 41ai labor..: The boasted texcelieenee lofthe Amer ican workingmin dependh s .pon .the fact pthat heretofore meatirha appeal ed .twice po thrice upon his table, while in mEurope it irs a luxury that m is eiljoyed on Sundays and holidays ift times are prosperous. rut fit is the fresh meat that he has always a ob tained which has put the extra steam into.the blow of the Anierican laborer and .artisan, so tiat his higher paid labor is cheaper in the end -nthan the work performed by the Euiropean p or the Oriental.. The meat trust has evidently decid ed that the poorer American must do without his meat or else impoverish. himself by paying prices fixed, by a few men at the headquarters of the beef trust; for there exists abundant evidence that the increased price is the result of other than natural laws, Despite the reports circulated by secret agents of this monopoly, in dividual evidence shows that the num ber of cattle dressed an on the hoof Is sufficient to supply the people "of this country at a price within the reach of all casses. VALUE OF ADVERTISING. Great Falls'. Tribune: . ,A striking demonstration of the value of news paper advertising was recently made by the publishing house of Harper' & Bowthers. This firm, as is well' known, has within itself extensive faculties for reaching the reading pub lic, but lately the manager determin ed to try whether daily newspaVet advertising would not help 'out the sales. In order to test the correctness of his ideas, he selected two books of what is known in trade nomenclature as "popular fiction.:' Each of these had enjoyed a fair favor upon their initial appearance, and had sold about equally well. One was by a well known and popular author and the other by a writer who had yet to win"his spurs. The comparatively un known writer's book was selected for newspaper advertising, while the pro duction of the one with the establish ed reputation was pushed through the regular channels of the 'firm. This was after the two books had been on sale for a year upon absolutely even terms and with practically equal sales. The result was a complete surprise, both to the Harpers' manager and to the newspaper advertising agents who had joined in urging the test. During the second year'p sales, the book that had been given the advantage of news paper advertising outstripped the other by over 200,000 copies, this pro portion o fsales continuing practically unchanged thorughout the year, al though the advertisement had been given but one insertion, and that in only the leading newspapers of the larger cities of the country. A fairer or a more conclusive test could hardly have been devised, and the results have been accepted by large business firms everywhere as demonstrating beyond question that newspaper advertising, w n intel ligently employed, is par 'xcellence the most valuable-eand, judged by comparative results, the cheapest medium for reaching the great masses of the people. QUESTIONS IN COURT. Chicago Chronicle: Some of the most importanat questions relating to the rights of states and to the systems ot commerce between the states will be decided in a short time. by the fed eral'supreme court. The right of the people In one state or territory to draw off for purposes of irrigation the water of a river running through othei states or territories or forming a boundary line will be the subject of one decision. The apparently trifling question at* prohibiting express com panies from carrying packages of lot tery tickets from one state to an other will be decided next week. Th4s will be a most important decision. It will involve the right of congress to suppress an evil by an interstate commerce act. ALL HANDS SATISFIED. St. Paul Pioneer Press: The fact that the senate passed the river and harbor bill in less than two hara ina dicates that every senator must have got everything he wanted out of it. ONE, REMEDY SIGHT. Baltimore Su:. 'At the present rate in ten years almost; everything peo ple eat, drink Or use will be in the hands of combinationa. There is a lingit, somewhere. And it may eQme to the point where the people of the United States who ..shar .in neither whosl nort sto ak-tssggIs tisseosaib0. ' MKinneapoli%,, Yoted y y nhoew Y or 4 laest 11dway of wat the silver men' said a w years ago characteris .1; "poor man's money," when the zi al t~'i to .50%.' This was the low pat recored "prle for, gilverk bullion The slump is credited largely to the payment of they indemnity instail ,nenta by the Chinese gevernment\ efid miiiasios from t sn of i the people and settling the indemnity: payment in gold, a prbcess which has left thea-banks. loalpd dow. 5witi#'pin: ver, whichl they are selling for What. they can get fori it The crop: falures in India and .the .plague there, have depressed business and minimized the demand for Silver and this is a probable factor, of the low price.. There is no probability of any large advance tni the price of silver, for the director of thi lhint, shows that our country continues to lead 'll others in the production' of the metal, the .output last year being 59,600,000 ounces, an amount, not u strpapssed, since 1892, when the output was 08, 500,000 ounces. In this connection it is in order to inquire why; some of our statesmen in the senate, who ought to know better, should push a bill through that body providing for free silver coinage in the Philippines to;.produce a coin labeled one dollar, which containns sil ver.bullion worth about 43 cents, This proposition to foist A dishonest dollar on the Filipinos, whose happiness the senators advocating this measure pro fess to desire, is certainly disgraceful., and should be vetoed speedily by .the ' passage of the house bill which stands for the honest dollar, giving the Pil ipinos as good money as we have. in the states. The slump in silver this week shows what kind of abominable money standard the silver "dollar," which it is proposed to mint in the Philippines, is. Shall we have the gold standard in the United States .nd set up the silver standard as an American progressive idea in the Phil ippines? From the business stand point the proposition is execrable. From the standpoint of national honor it would be a disgrace. SCOOT FOR TALL TIMBER. New York Evening Post: There is an inelegant and injurious old saying to the effect that a fool is born every minute. This is probably. a rash an nouncement, not based, there is rea son to believe, on adequate Investiga tion or on statistical data. Btt, what ever the fact may be about fools, it is reasonably safe to declare that a new political, party is born almost every day. There is a new one at Washing ton, D. C., though what they want of a political party at Washington, where nobody votes, is more or less difficult to see. The new one at Washington has to do with justice, with a very large J; justice for the needy and worthy ex-slaves, justice for southern taxpayers, justice for every man of every color, creed and clime, justice for the Jew and for the Gentile, for the Protestant and the Catholic, for the rich and for the poor, as well as for every man, woman, child or thing which can be described in words. All these, and"uch more, are demanded ii the platform. The party is the pet idea of a worthy person named ?' Vaughn, who was at one time mayor of Council Bluffs, Ia., but who now lives in Washington. A circular, is sued in the course of the new party's propaganda, says that the platform is "simple, but strong enough to bear any weight." An uxsympathetie obt server _might call attention to the fact that political parties, without exception, demand justice for every thing in gight, and that some state ment as to the exact brand of justice aimed at by the new party might prove more convincing. But this sug gestion, it is assumed, coming from .. such a source, would not disturb Mr. Vaughn in the lJtast. THE SUGAR WE ABSORB. Springfield Republican: According to calculations made by the treasury bureau of statistics the consumption of sugar in the United States has grown from - 1,272,426,842 pounds' in 1870 to 5,818,987,840 pounds in 1891. The per capita consumlpetion is now sixty-eight pounds, as gompared with thirty-three pounds in 1870. The con sequences of this remarkable change. upon the physacial condition of the people, one way or the other, must be material. Whether it is for improve. ment or impairment of physical strength and endurance is a question. About onesixth of the amount con sumed is produced in the United States and another sixtho in our in sular possessions, while abdut a,-. fourt; comes from Cube Two-third r of tlgee-. produced in the. JUnirj States year was from cane, arid= the r, e from the anew sugar i try. MONEY AS A FLOATER: St,-Louis Globe-Democrat: The new` Morgan liners will start in wlto s' cash backing of -$144,000,000,., WOW wills certantly entitle then to theials- tiotion of being classed a topliwai