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The Billings gazette. [volume] (Billings, Mont.) 1896-1919, May 02, 1902, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84036008/1902-05-02/ed-1/seq-4/

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Re ~Year, by mail,. in Odvance.. $.0O
141' Month. by maie .60'
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FRIDAY MAra he *.
Ij: FRIDAY, "MAYi.2?~j2 I.
Only the venting of party spleen t
and partizan venom can 'le urged as t
causes of the senseless attacks the .
demootatic, newspapers, and some of I
the democratic members of congress r
are naking on the president and ad- I
ministration because of the actions s
of some of the aiimy 'officers operating 14
in 'the Philippines. Not a, word of 1
testimony has been produced by them s
to'show in any manner that the pres- t
ident 'or members of his cabinet, are
responsible for the alleged violations '~
of the rules of civilized warfare of d
which it 14 charged some officers are .1
' guilty. Instead of approving or com c
mending the acts charged ..against l
General Smith and others, as the 0
howlers in the .senate and editorial c
rooms- would have. one believe, the t
president has shownn his. disapproval a
and condemnation by ordering instant b
ands full iiiqinry into the charges by a s
military :-ourt convened for that per- r
pose. He wants the whole truth and r
nothing but the truth brought out and n
may be relied upon to.see 'that the b
guilty ones, if there are any, will be A
punished in accordance with their n
mieet, so far as lies in his power. 1
,But the course of Carmack and the a
'others who are joining n 'the persecu- S
-tibn of the administration is only 'in
. line with the ipolicy of the party they a
'epresent. They want "issues" and s
ito malke them do not hesitate at any v
step or any extreme, no matter how g
dishonest or untruthful. The presi- c
dent having deprived them of their t
-thunder in the direction of actions t
against the trusts and combines of all 1
kjnds and, having instituted the very 1
proceedings which they have been de- c
claring he dared not ;institute and f
thereby refuted the slander .that he c
was owned and dominated by the 1
various combinations of capital, they t
are now on another tack and hope to a
find an "issue" in the conduct a cer- a
tain army officers in' the. islands,
pacification and civilization of .which .1
the administration, has undertaken. in I
accord oce with the exprested wishes
and desires of the majority of the E
people of the nation. But their cries 1
and charges will deceive very few.
The animus behind it all is so very ap- I
parent and plain that even the most
dense of intellectcan but perceive and >
understand the motive that prompts
the noise, now making.
If General Smith believed that by
issuing his noted order he was per
forming his duty as a. soldier toward
the government in whose service he
is, it may be taken for granted that
hbe would not hav. refrained from is
suing it had a democrat instead of a
• republican been in the white house
and consequently vommander-infchief
of the United States army. It Is rea
sonable and safe to assume that when
'a he gave the order the thought as to
who was president or which political
party was in power at Washington
never entered"his mind. He believed
S: that the conditions confronting him
S justified such extreme measures as he
bseorted to and he acted' on his own
motion. It has been proved beyond
a shadow of doubt that nothing in the
general orders issued from Washing
ton for the, direction of the troops in
the held in the Philippines contained
anything .which may be taken as 'a
ground or basis for the order of Gen
Oral Smith. The contrary is the
truth. Every order from headquar
ters b.ars been in strict conformity
with the rules of warfare as now con
ducted by civilized nations affil if
eses, have occurred whelte, ,driven
to desperation by the treachery and
S,'-prum1ty of the foe, individual soldiers
da oiflcers have transgressed those
lus, it is manifestly wrong and un
to ebarge the administration with
reepopi~i IiIty for such breaches.
" are wanted and legiti
being lacking, a disconcert
''I4 sorganized enemy is taking
of every pretext, no matteir
or fatuous, to gaia syan
t tojpowiug in a struggle
a. o~w preparing.
`giddy, biod girl i oin. et ltion
b , the audience
niem.ber of its ju4. isper`
the edification of th'' like
things .cOf that sort i't .ou ":it .is
rIarn y, as ahot taer isdge i lar geny
treman, who• tupiM. , i t obn oee ot
the r beneths stag t l 'buouity pro
vides iei the adsdcoiiftiation of ,the
lttiginrpust bt its inhabittt ts h'as not
been iso promhipnet of late as he whs
waont togli.5.te.hais learned a thing
oir two, estoiaily as to the power a&nd
authority of the supreme dourt, and
I cohtent to make himself less. con
espicuous than formerly.
While 'the act that Judge Harney is
doing oannot be said to be eactly new,
for it seems, n viewed from this dis
tance from the stage, to be only a
variation and continuation of. the gone
that first brought him into -roidainece
and which caused his name to appear
in letters oig enough to esuit the most
ambitious "star" and his picture to
be pralinted in every newspaper o his
own city and in those of some others.
Time, that deadener of all pains and.
the kindly sextnc that officiates at
the burial of so many things poor,
rail humanity at times desires to .be
.interred in the graveyard of forgetful
ness, seems to have Deen recreant to
his trust for once. He failed to cover
so that it would remain buried recol
lection of the lite Miles Finlen-Min
nie Healy-Ada Hi Bracket-Heinze epi
sode that occurred sometime during
the latter part-of last winter, in
.which Harney fi tred in no enviable
ipmanaer. Some vrery naughty. ai
davits were filed about that time, af
rfedavits that 'contained serious
charges against the judge, both as to.
his chastity and standing as ' judge.
of the dibtrict court of Silver Bow
county. The judge denied some of the
things contained in those affdavits
and some he never did deny. He,;
however, did order the affidavite to be
stricken out and given no place in the
records, and also refused to make a
ruling on the motion for a new trial
made in the case, which happened to
be one in wrhich Miles Finlen and F.
Augustus Heinze were warring for
possession of a mine named Minnie
Healey. The decision rendered was
against Finlen and he wanted another
go.at the judicial game.
As Harney refused to rule on the
application for a new hearing, the
supreme court was appealed to for a
writ of- mandate and the petition was
granted. Incidentally the. higher
court also passed upon the affidavits
that had been stricken out and riled
that while the lower body undoubted
ly had thefight to strike out from the
pleadings an.y matter that it might
consider scandalous in order that the
files might be kept free from such
objectionable and scandalous matter,
it did not have the right to .prevent
the party feeling aggrieved by rea
sona of such order from havipr the
same reviewed in an appropriate may
ner, and to this end rihould settle a
bill of exceptions embodying the al
leged scandalous and defamatory
matter, so that the order may be prop
erly reviewed by the higher, court.
Tan 'plainer language, Harney was or
dered by the reviewing court to al
low the matter to which he had ob
jected to come before it, so that it
might pass upon it and render an opin
ion as to whether it was germane 'to
the subject and relevant to the cause
at issue.
Last Saturday John F. Forbis and
L. O. Evans, two of the most promi
n-ent and respected attorneys of
Butte, appeared in Harney's court and
asked him to sign the bill of exoep
tions on which it was sought to get
the case before the supreme court. In
stead of complying with the motion,
the judge drew a lengthy type written
order from his pocket, filled in a
couple of blank spaces it contained
and the two lawyers were informed
that they, each of them, had been
fined $500 and sentenced to twenty
four hours in jail for contempt of
*court, He gave them the mournful
satisfaction afforded by the informa
tion volunteered that while they were
destined to undergo punishment, it
was vicariously and for some others
whom he could not "get."
For the time being Harney was su
preme and the two men who were
bearing the burdens intended for
sqme one else had to submit. They
were placed in the custody of the
sheriff and remained in his charge
long enough to enable their attorneys
to get in touch' with the supreme
court and a writ of habeas corpus was
issued and the sheriff commanded to
have his prisoners before the court
on Monday morning. They were also
admitted on bail. When the time
arrived for the hearing on the writ
Judge Harney's attorney asked for
further time and it was granted, a new
bond being required for the petition
ers. Men possessing the necessary
piroperty qualfieations were found
who were wfllilgs to take chancespn
their appearaece' when wanted and
the two lawyers were again given con
ditional liberty.
B~Ste Is all torn up wver the matter
and aoma9 : its newspapers have said
somue "t. zheik a nd A opliment
ary t Earer i cow ection
th ot only are they censur
ing hi f; committting the two law.
yers, buit re oalto reset
story about Ada and hk i d
Tig dedutlones there t
be as displeasing to Wmhis w e
original charges, 'bontil
adavita.. But after all,,
t~ning its reputation for.
and the unusual and
well be a vehicle lfo- the`' e
of that reputation as: an
son. Beside, he had the
being no novice at the` ig
.reputation, like' thht f t
seems to be assured.
Money made in buying 'an.d i epiling
good, American skuk atd 1i nipkat
skins seems to have purchaain~ power
in the Englsh nobility market ,equal
to that miae by brewing le, and dbal
ing in tea.
Since Carrie Nation 'has stairtedd out
to wage a w'ar on the nude ini art the
trees- up this way, which ha't been
in a disgraceful condition of nudity
for .months past, have begun to ,mani
fest a most commendable desire t'as
sume proper raiment.
The landsthing and the folkepthing
are evidently not the whole th~iti in
Denmark. Although both have voted
to sell the islands to the Urilted
States, still another thing has `to be
heard froti befire 'the salO is a go
The rigsdag must also give ita as
Inator tRawlins offers his apologies
to Genieral Chaffee and, lays it 'nto
the, reporter. The fact that the gen
eral has the reputation of being some
what ofsa scrapper himself may `have
had something to do with the expi.ia
tion offered by the rip snorting
cataclysm from Wyoming.
It is hoped that General MacArthur
had no intention of being' personal
when he replied to the distinguished
senator from Colorado that it depend
ed entirely upon the kind of a yellow
dog it was whether he would' hang
him on the strength of the testimony
brought out before the senatorial in
vestigating committee.
Judge Harney could noL get a line
on the one passed over the "plate by
the supreme court and has been .retir
ed to the bench once more. If he
could only be retired from the bench
Messrs. Forbis and Evans would
probably be satisfied with any 'old
substitute that could be put in his
place until the managers of the team
culd fill it permanently.
With a new expedition to the north
pole fitting out at New York anal an
other foolish woman preparing to 'con
vert some of the sultan's subjects in
territory similar to, thatvisited by Miss
Stone, no apprehension need be en
tertained relative to a scariity of
magazine articles or lecturers when
the present supply of. those commod
ities shows signs of eihaustion.
While the people of Montana ap
preciate all the nice things the St.
Paul Globe sees fit to say about their
new capitol, they must beg to be ex
cused from accepting that newspa
per's congratulations on the fact that
all of the state offices are filled by
democrats and -populists. They will
make strenuous efforts ,next fall to
place themselves in a position where
no occasion will exist for offering
further congratulations on the same
Although John Stuart Mill Neil has
come out personally for Lamont as
the democratic nominee for president.
the Helena Independent has as ,yet
manifested no wild and uncontrollable
desire to do the same thing. Lamont
is not in accord with the estimable
gentleman who edits that luminary
in Montana democracy when It comes
to the' money question. The doctor
has not yet forgiven him for the part
he took in kicking the corpse fter
the "assassins" had struck the blow
that killed silver. He may come
around when John gets home, but not
before that.
The American newspapers that lre
taking occasion' to say so many un
complimentary things conceftng
William Waldorf Astor because he
haa seen fit to buy an English barony
are evidently laboring under a aiis
apprehension. Instead ,f scoring him
after the manner in which they do,
they shopld congratulate him on the
infcerity he shows thereby of his
often repeated declaration of his in
teentlon never to again make his
home in the United States. If Eng
land is willing to accept him at the
price for which' le has offered him
self this' country. hould not feel badly;
about the matter. England is getting
the worse of the bargain.
A Butt&chontemporary of the demo
oratic complexion in politics seems
to no longer regard the railroad com
bine in the porthwest as a "trust."
In a recqnt editorial on the subject it
declared that -the president has so
far proceeded 4gaiist only one trust,
that of the bee pseckers, thereby
totally ignortipg what he has a.5
to be done ine 're r4t the omb
tion of steel rals, mower and ed
pousd engines Ia the athwest. The
tr$ g ncli rittle merg
ini. on itheir ow.a_ account may have
something to do with the sjience' it
tdi4 , gnlvihi pgticular cet od
The Comnmnercial West: The strong?
est ' idif fce. to .th ?liBf'tJt
of irri3gati'on by `the' `govermntieht Is
the fact that the .arid. lands will be
needed, together with their product,
r 'the' comfoirtble saupport of the
people. . ,
The, population of the 'country has
doubled everny 3' !ears. If this rate
of increase iolds,'the population will
be 125,000,000 or more by 1930.. With
this populatina to care for, it is plain
that the area of grain production ·an
cattle pasturage will be none too
large with a part df the arid districc
made productive.
If the arid lands can be occupied
under conditions of prosperity by peo
ple who dould be unfavorably situated
in cities or towns, the general good
is subserved; ,hence' the 'government
canl safely take the step suggested by
President Rooeeveelt in 'his message
and by the National Irrigation asso
ciation in the amended bill before
congress. The amended bill should
Minneapolis Journal: While the re
port of Colonel Crowder, detailed by
the war department to report as to'
whether the British muie camp at
Chalmette is a violation of the neu
trality of the United States. hasnot"
yet been published, it is asserted that
it is of a nature tPat will lead the
president to order the camp broken
There is a good deal of confusion in
the public mind as to what constitutes
neutrality. On the one hand it seems
rseaonable that the people of the
United States have a right to sell
their goods and products to all com
ers, regardless of whether the pur
chasers be at peace or war with some
other nation than the United States.
That has been the historic American
theory of the privileges of a neutral.
On the other hand it seems hardly :con
asitent with strict neutrality to per
mit officers of the British army tp
maintain on American soil a regular
transport supply camp, which is as
much a base of operations for the
British army in South Africa as the
stores at Cape Town itself.
We woqld not permit either Britons
or Boers to outfit, equip and dispatch
an army from our shores. Neither
would we permit the Boers to build a
war vessel in an American shipyard,
equip and supply it for the purpose
of harrying British commerce. But
does it not come to much the same
thing, when we permit the British to
collect and ship in British transports.
directly to South Africa those mules
and horses that are as much "sup
plies of war" as guns and ammuni
It was this point that Attorney Gen
eral Knox had in mind when he said
that the main question was as to
whether the traffic was being carried
on as in ime cf peace. There is no
question of the British privilege to
buy and the American right to sell
horses ana mules. The question isa
to the manner in which the traffic is
Besides general American policy as
to neutrality, and International usage,
[the United States and England are
bound by the treaty of Washington of
1871 which contains these provisions:
"A neutral government is bound not
to permit or suffer either beltlgerent
to make use of its ports or waters as
the base of naval operations against
the other, or for the purpose of re
newal or augmentation of military
Supplies or arms or the recruitment
of men.
"A neutral government is bound to
exercise diligence in its ports or
waters and as to all persons within
its jurisdiction to prevent any viola
tion of the foregoing obligations and
This treaty was specifically cited by
Queen Victoria in her neutrality proc
lamation issued at the beginning of
the war between the United States
and Spain and would doubtless have
been enforced had the United States
established at say English port such
a camp as the British have at Chal
Thus it will be seen that 4f the gov
ernment takes steps to break up th
Chalmette camp, Englapd can have
no cause to take offense. Such a
course can not be construed as an ex
pression, of ill-will to England. it
will merely be the enforcement of
that neutrality, after a careful investi
gation of the specific offense 4ed.
that the Americtan and Britis- gov
ernments have mutually bound them
selves to observe.
Baltimore American: - Senator Mor
1 _uooopoiogS to supply the senate with
1kt .cti0r ·of his ansi. speech.
9IR Is. grsi44al liktesa oratflOhiO
Baltmor o d
majority of tra al il co.amod
ities,: be ti'`o i. h6 a tntiered (0 :i l
ii t nl e ue Ith !t l. . thtte
a' inod number f wester ai.
ere. The beet =rtust4 asn nb*rv
almost` entirely fromu t. uelt iof the,
worldingan that h poratio alofshis daly
rined which is most .necessary ,t a
performance of hid 41ai labor..:
The boasted texcelieenee lofthe Amer
ican workingmin dependh s .pon .the
fact pthat heretofore meatirha appeal
ed .twice po thrice upon his table,
while in mEurope it irs a luxury that m is
eiljoyed on Sundays and holidays ift
times are prosperous. rut fit is the
fresh meat that he has always a ob
tained which has put the extra steam
into.the blow of the Anierican laborer
and .artisan, so tiat his higher paid
labor is cheaper in the end -nthan the
work performed by the Euiropean p or
the Oriental..
The meat trust has evidently decid
ed that the poorer American must do
without his meat or else impoverish.
himself by paying prices fixed, by a
few men at the headquarters of the
beef trust; for there exists abundant
evidence that the increased price is
the result of other than natural laws,
Despite the reports circulated by
secret agents of this monopoly, in
dividual evidence shows that the num
ber of cattle dressed an on the hoof
Is sufficient to supply the people "of
this country at a price within the
reach of all casses.
Great Falls'. Tribune: . ,A striking
demonstration of the value of news
paper advertising was recently made
by the publishing house of Harper'
& Bowthers. This firm, as is well'
known, has within itself extensive
faculties for reaching the reading pub
lic, but lately the manager determin
ed to try whether daily newspaVet
advertising would not help 'out the
In order to test the correctness of
his ideas, he selected two books of
what is known in trade nomenclature
as "popular fiction.:' Each of these
had enjoyed a fair favor upon their
initial appearance, and had sold about
equally well. One was by a well
known and popular author and the
other by a writer who had yet to
win"his spurs. The comparatively un
known writer's book was selected for
newspaper advertising, while the pro
duction of the one with the establish
ed reputation was pushed through the
regular channels of the 'firm. This
was after the two books had been on
sale for a year upon absolutely even
terms and with practically equal sales.
The result was a complete surprise,
both to the Harpers' manager and to
the newspaper advertising agents who
had joined in urging the test. During
the second year'p sales, the book that
had been given the advantage of news
paper advertising outstripped the
other by over 200,000 copies, this pro
portion o fsales continuing practically
unchanged thorughout the year, al
though the advertisement had been
given but one insertion, and that in
only the leading newspapers of the
larger cities of the country.
A fairer or a more conclusive test
could hardly have been devised, and
the results have been accepted by
large business firms everywhere as
demonstrating beyond question that
newspaper advertising, w n intel
ligently employed, is par 'xcellence
the most valuable-eand, judged by
comparative results, the cheapest
medium for reaching the great masses
of the people.
Chicago Chronicle: Some of the
most importanat questions relating to
the rights of states and to the systems
ot commerce between the states will
be decided in a short time. by the fed
eral'supreme court. The right of the
people In one state or territory to
draw off for purposes of irrigation the
water of a river running through othei
states or territories or forming a
boundary line will be the subject of
one decision. The apparently trifling
question at* prohibiting express com
panies from carrying packages of lot
tery tickets from one state to an
other will be decided next week. Th4s
will be a most important decision.
It will involve the right of congress
to suppress an evil by an interstate
commerce act.
St. Paul Pioneer Press: The fact
that the senate passed the river and
harbor bill in less than two hara ina
dicates that every senator must have
got everything he wanted out of it.
Baltimore Su:. 'At the present rate
in ten years almost; everything peo
ple eat, drink Or use will be in the
hands of combinationa. There is a
lingit, somewhere. And it may eQme
to the point where the people of the
United States who ..shar .in neither
whosl nort sto ak-tssggIs
tisseosaib0. '
Yoted y y nhoew Y or
4 laest 11dway of wat the silver
men' said a w years ago characteris
.1; "poor man's money," when the
zi al t~'i to .50%.' This was the low
pat recored "prle for, gilverk bullion
The slump is credited largely to the
payment of they indemnity instail
,nenta by the Chinese gevernment\
efid miiiasios from t sn of i
the people and settling the indemnity:
payment in gold, a prbcess which has
left thea-banks. loalpd dow. 5witi#'pin:
ver, whichl they are selling for What.
they can get fori it The crop: falures
in India and .the .plague there, have
depressed business and minimized
the demand for Silver and this is a
probable factor, of the low price..
There is no probability of any large
advance tni the price of silver, for
the director of thi lhint, shows that
our country continues to lead 'll
others in the production' of the metal,
the .output last year being 59,600,000
ounces, an amount, not u strpapssed,
since 1892, when the output was 08,
500,000 ounces.
In this connection it is in order to
inquire why; some of our statesmen in
the senate, who ought to know better,
should push a bill through that body
providing for free silver coinage in
the Philippines to;.produce a coin
labeled one dollar, which containns sil
ver.bullion worth about 43 cents, This
proposition to foist A dishonest dollar
on the Filipinos, whose happiness the
senators advocating this measure pro
fess to desire, is certainly disgraceful.,
and should be vetoed speedily by .the '
passage of the house bill which stands
for the honest dollar, giving the Pil
ipinos as good money as we have. in
the states. The slump in silver this
week shows what kind of abominable
money standard the silver "dollar,"
which it is proposed to mint in the
Philippines, is. Shall we have the
gold standard in the United States
.nd set up the silver standard as an
American progressive idea in the Phil
ippines? From the business stand
point the proposition is execrable.
From the standpoint of national honor
it would be a disgrace.
New York Evening Post: There is
an inelegant and injurious old saying
to the effect that a fool is born every
minute. This is probably. a rash an
nouncement, not based, there is rea
son to believe, on adequate Investiga
tion or on statistical data. Btt, what
ever the fact may be about fools, it is
reasonably safe to declare that a new
political, party is born almost every
day. There is a new one at Washing
ton, D. C., though what they want of
a political party at Washington, where
nobody votes, is more or less difficult
to see. The new one at Washington
has to do with justice, with a very
large J; justice for the needy and
worthy ex-slaves, justice for southern
taxpayers, justice for every man of
every color, creed and clime, justice
for the Jew and for the Gentile, for
the Protestant and the Catholic, for
the rich and for the poor, as well as
for every man, woman, child or thing
which can be described in words. All
these, and"uch more, are demanded
ii the platform. The party is the pet
idea of a worthy person named ?'
Vaughn, who was at one time mayor
of Council Bluffs, Ia., but who now
lives in Washington. A circular, is
sued in the course of the new party's
propaganda, says that the platform is
"simple, but strong enough to bear
any weight." An uxsympathetie obt
server _might call attention to the
fact that political parties, without
exception, demand justice for every
thing in gight, and that some state
ment as to the exact brand of justice
aimed at by the new party might
prove more convincing. But this sug
gestion, it is assumed, coming from ..
such a source, would not disturb Mr.
Vaughn in the lJtast.
Springfield Republican: According
to calculations made by the treasury
bureau of statistics the consumption
of sugar in the United States has
grown from - 1,272,426,842 pounds' in
1870 to 5,818,987,840 pounds in 1891.
The per capita consumlpetion is now
sixty-eight pounds, as gompared with
thirty-three pounds in 1870. The con
sequences of this remarkable change.
upon the physacial condition of the
people, one way or the other, must be
material. Whether it is for improve.
ment or impairment of physical
strength and endurance is a question.
About onesixth of the amount con
sumed is produced in the United
States and another sixtho in our in
sular possessions, while abdut a,-.
fourt; comes from Cube Two-third r
of tlgee-. produced in the. JUnirj
States year was from cane, arid=
the r, e from the anew
sugar i try.
St,-Louis Globe-Democrat: The new`
Morgan liners will start in wlto s'
cash backing of -$144,000,000,., WOW
wills certantly entitle then to theials-
tiotion of being classed a topliwai

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