Newspaper Page Text
L fficial' Coynty':Paper.;.
Subscription Rates. yOn' i yar, in :'dance'...........$3.00 Six months ................... 1.50 Single cbpies ................ .05 " .DAILY GAZETTE. Per Year, by mail, in advance.. $5.00 Per Medoth; by mail............ . .50 Per Month,, by carrier......... .50 Entered at the Billings Postofllce as Second Class Matter. ,TUESDAY, MAY 6, 1902. 1 AGAIN THE CANAL. It Is said that the president is to 1 submit to congress the propositions of I Nicaragua and Costa Rica on thhe one I hand and of Colombia ,on the other a hand in which thcese countries embody I the terms upon which they will re- t spectively grant the right of way .for 4 an isthmian canal. While the Nica- c raguaal route has the advantage of having been accepted by the house as a the one that the government should e select when it gets ready to embark a in the canal building business, it dds not so very certain that the senate g will concur, notwithstanding that Sen- c ator Morgan is firm in his belief that " such will be the 'case. It is difficult ii to conceive that the senate will care a to act in a manner that will place it tl on record as repudiating the recom- it mendation of the canal commission, d a body which is presumed to know a si little more about the . matters of tl vWhich it deals than even a senator, h, especially one whose knowledge there- fc of is no greater than that acquired ne by readiing what others may think to about it. The commission is com- s1 posed of experts and it has reported pi in favor of the Panama route as the to more preferable, and that, too, after lo it had made a,prior report in favor of w another route, but which report was in based upon conditions then believed ef to be existing, conditions in nowise w: connected with the physical consider- th ations involved, but purelyof apolitical in and legal character. The legal ob- de stacles believed by the members to wi exist having been removed, they un- a hesitatingly declared themselves in favor of adopting the other route. th The country paid a good, round' sum m for the knowledge concerning the th feasibility of the' two routes, now pos- wJ sessed by the government, and the wl supposition is that men of' the emi- be nence in the engineering world en joyed by the members of the com mission are better qualified to pass judgment on a proposition of that kind than are men who make laws- h sometimes mighty poor laws, at thatin -but it seems that Morgan and a m majority of the lower house of. con- il gross are different minded. They want the report of the commission se ignored and commit the country to the adoption of a scheme that may re sult, if not in failure then at least in the selection of the poorer of two ov possibilities. th But discussion at this time of any. thing pertaining to to the canal ques- pu tion appears ke a waste of effort. For all that can be seen to the con trary, the canal question is in a deep, re hypnotic sleep and only a renewal ma of the agitation which was general be sometime ago will result in reawak- T ening congress and compelling it to do pr something. The people want the be canal and must have it, th A FRIEND THEY FEAR. It is more than passing strange that considering his infatuation for them and the complete manner in which he is dominated and controlled by them, according to the testimony of democratic editors, that the trusts and their manipulatcrs should find it necessary for their preservation to make so open and hard a fight on President Roosevelt as they have in augurated within the past few weeks. It would be but natural to suppose that they would be willing to let mat ters progress and allow their friend at the white house to look after their linterests, but instead we see them flocking to Washington and implor ing and beseeching the man who is their alleged friend and protector tc grant them an opportunity to meet and confer with him. Instead of rest Ing securely in the knowledge that no matter what may happen, the pre5, ident may be reied upon to see to it that they are not made to suffer, they are up in arms against the very man whom the democrats accuse of tieing nce'" body, soul and breeches, by the combines and mergers. Not only $e they attempting to forestall what B..r bse may see fit to do at the pres 'bat, they go so far in their out eji-.kQepposition to him and allow -uR; ito reach a stage where g tb at they will do all to Sprevent his election . ll this because he has seen it to make pr~ottial ap pliction of the Shermanl anti-trust $rs law and to invoke its aid in suppress. ing what he considers to be great wrongs, The spectacle of trust magnates making war on a republican president for daring to enforce a law introduced by a republican and. passed by a re publican congress is not well cal culated to strengthen the democratic contention that the. republicans, col 00 lectively and indlividually, are owned 50 by the trusts. If they think by ocn 5 tinning their charges against: Presi dent Roosevelt and his party in this respect they can create an "issue" they are destined to be sadly disap 0 pointed.. Of course, nobody can pre, vent them from being mendacious, O but .the cruel facts as.they exist and are to be seen of everybody are more Ld likely to be considered by the people than all the noise. and bluster of a disorganized and disgruntled enemy. The democrats may continue to shout that President .Roosevelt is the will ing tool of the trusts and in filling that position is but carrying out the r behests and wishes of his, party, but f facts are mighty stubborn things at a times and hard to overcome. Actions r as opposed to words are more calcu lated to cause opinions to be formed than all the baseless charges that an envious and hostile mind is capable of formulating. Don Dickinson, one of the brainiest and ablest men in the party, is hcn l eat when he says that the democrats 1 must fall back on the tariff if they de sire to raise an issue with which .to 1 go before the country in the next i campaign. He ignores all. the other i "issues" that the men of small calibre I in his party would raise. He is in i accord with the administration and a the party it represents as 'to the Phil- t ippine policy pursuing, and honestly I declares no other course could be pur- t sued in dealing with conditions as they now exist in the islands. He has nothing to say about the trusts, n for he is shrewd enough to realize that c no capital is to be made out of an at- ii tack on the administration in this re- n spect. -IH sees and knows what the 0 president is doing and needs not be 0 told that the course Roosevelt is fol- b lowing is bound to popularize him c with the masses and that he is mak- b ing new friends daily by his honest p effort to right what he considers to be e wrong. Only men of smaller minds I than the man from M3ichigan persist in a policy of misrepresntation and deceit and hope thereby to strengthen c what they are pleased to consider as a cause. If the democrats will only continue P their cry of trust domination they will tl make more friends for tge president l than he had even ian the days when he ci was a candidate for vice president, which is saying a great deal, it must ai be admitted. WILL BE CONSIDERED. About as cheering news as any that has lately found its way from Wash ington to the west is the announce ment that Speaker Henderson has giv en his flat promise that the irrigation bill shall receive consideration at this session of congress. The bill passed the senate practically without opposi tion and the assurance is ours that when it comes up in the house not over one-fourth of the members of that body will vote against it. While more than one-half of the re ipublicans favor the measure and a large proportion of those of the party who are opposed to it will probably refrain from voting, the statement is made that about forty democrats will be found voting on the negative side. This statement must come as a sur prise to the Montana editors who have been telling- the people fcr months that if the measure ever came to a vote in the house every democrat would be found supporting it. Either they had been misinformed or else the correspondent who sent out the latest news concerning the matter was laboring under a misapprehen sion. The democrats are the only real friends the people have in congress rnd why any of them should be found at this time who are opposed to a measure intended to benefit so many of their constituents only a Montana democratic editor can tell, perhaps The average seems to be wrong and another count should be made of the house, otperwise another "issue" will have gone glimmering when the fall campaign in the state is ready for the bi-ennial launching. The members of their party in the state should open communication with those at Washington. Such a criminal disregard for party policy, even in one of the "undesirables" should not be permitted to pass with out receiving the stinging rebuke it merits. The best evidence so far given by anybody as to the peace and good order prevailing in most of the Phil ippines was contained in the state ment of General Wheeler in an inter view at New York lately. He said that with the exception of a few lo calities peace and quiet and order ex ists g the Philippines now "quite up to the standard of our own terri tories." Had the general said "states," instead of "territories" the inference - wduld have suggested it*e.e tJiie it was speakiig in a Pickwgtciai a feU - and that he had in mijid soie atth. t states of his own part 'of the coun try. While doing all they possibly can d to spread the fame of their literary celebrity, Mary MactLane; none8 of the Butte newspapers has yet published a picture of the young lady in her fa vorite pose, feet on the bureau, "al ways on the bureau," although they have represented hqr in alinost every other possible position. Such a pic tune printed over the announcement that her book has been refused a place on the shelves of Btute's public library should increase the sales pf the young lady's compilatilon of sensu ality and lustful desire, to an unheard of degree. A Missoula jury has been found will ing to go on record as of the opillion that it is not cruelty to animals when a man deliberately knocks an eye out of a dog, when the defense can prpve by a preponderance of testimony that the dog so treated was worthless and of no account to anybody, except a lit tle boy to whom he belonged. It will now be interesting to hear what the same jury will do in the case of a dog that is proved to 'be of good Achar acter. The friends of the "divine ratdo''' should take, new courage and another buckle on, their armor. All is not yet lost. The city council of Butte has declined to accept an indemnity bond because it stipulated Ahat pay; ment shall be made in "gold coin." While the, rest of the country is will ing to accept the single standard the aldermen of that city do not propogse to be parties to any further "strik ing down," not if they can help it, and they think they can. Not content with merely sending men over here to study our commer cial and industrial methods, England is preparing to send over more com missioners to learn· something about our financial and educational meth ods. It may jar the old lady 'some to be compelled to acknowledge that she can learn from her big and saucy boy, but she seems to be willing to pocket her pride and gain in knowl edge at the expense of a little 'hu Tniliation. The heads of the Methodist church, or at least some of them ad mitting that a slight relaxation might be made in the rules governing the personal conduct of the members and I that the injection of a little more of the worldly pleasures into their so cial life would not necessarily dcom them to everlasting torture may be accepted as another sign of the times. While the matter is being settled the orchestra may tune and "all hands se lect partners for the next quadrille." Butte has a genius in the person ol Mary MacLane. That is if unblush ing confession of love of sensuality, brutal obscenity and general perver sion of all that goes to make morale are attributes of genius. Compared to Mary's effusions the warmest num. ber ever turned out by the "Poetess of Passion" is as a frappe compared to the interior of a blast furnace. General MacArthur only told what every intelligent American knows and understands when he declared to the senate committee on the Philippines that withdrawal of our forces from the islands would result in chaos, an archy and destruction. It is no won der that Senator Patterson did not know it before. The order requiring army officers to keep their mouths closed has re sulted in a sudden and surprising crop of brave men in the Unitee States senate. SOWING SEEDS OF TROUBLE Philadelphia Reccrd (dem.): In stead-of plowing up his garden with his prize heifer and sowing onions and lettuce seeds Farmer Bryan is writing political letters and trying to sow dissension among the democracy of the east. It seems likely that Mr. Bryan wll never be able to trgive his fellow-countrymen for disagree ing with him. That he was wrong, and that his countrymen were right, and that all his prophecies of the dis aster which was to follow what he called 'the degradation of silver" have been disproved by the event, make forgiveness still more impos sible. Silver is selling for less today than ever before since the day of Moses, and the market price of Bryan ism has fallen in sympathy. HAILED WITH DELIGHT. Philadelphia Press: The collapsi ble table, containing decanters and glasses, to be carried with a handle like a satchel, which has been made for King Edward to use at the theatres, cannot be- too highly com mended nor too widely introduced. Anything that will keep a king or any body else from climbing over all the people in the row between every act to go out and lay the dust in the throat will. be received with wild de light in every civilised community. s A DICKINSONIAN VIEW. Don M. Dickihson, a former demo cratic leaden of Mtdhigan, and" Cleve land's postmaster general, was inter viewed in .Washington and gave his views on the political horoscope. as follows: "I find 'the Republican politicians here in Washington seem to think that President Roosevelt will not be nominated for presidenit in 1904," said Mr. Dickinson. "But I think they are mistaken. Washingtop is the worst place in the world to gauge public sentiment. One hears the views and opinions of the polticians and office holders, and' learns little of the real sentiment of the country. I have traveled extensively ,the past few months, and I find that with the masses President Roosevelt ds more popular than ever. This ip particular ly true throughout the far wist and nmiddle west, and even in the, east I find but little diminution in his poularity, exmespt perhaps, among cer tain financial elements. The fellows in the shirt sleeves, the workers, greatly admire him, and this admira tion will be hard ~o overcome. He will certainly be the most dangerous man for the democrats to fight at the next, presidential election." Speaking of the democratic situa tion Mr.. Dickinson said: "I find that Senator Gorman has a strong follow ing, particularly among the southern senators and representatives. Gorman is in better health thani he has been for years, and is certainly in the race for the presidential nomination. For some reasons it might be better fpr the democrats to nominate a western man in 19J4, but if ex-Senator David B. Hill were nominated I would be for him. "Asforissues, itseemsto me we are .drifting back to the old tariff is sue. There is nothing in what is known as the anti-expansion issue, in my judgment. I do not say I am for the permanent retention of the Phil ippines, but I do not see what 'lse we could have done under the treaty of Paris except retain them and subdue the armed insurrection against the American flag and arms. "There is no. doubt that there, has been a great democratic revival dur ing the last few months. I predicted it in 1896. It has been a little longer in coming that I thought it would be, but 'the revolution against Bryanisni was certain to occur. "I am one of those democrats who do not regret in any degree my actiton in 1896 and 1900. The south is cer tainly disgusted with Bryanism, and I do not think will ever have him again. Bryan himself is dead politi cally." NEITHER RIGHT NOR HONEST St. Paul Dispatch: The oleomar garinis bill has been licked into shape by the conferees of the senate and house, and now goes to the president for his consideration. The funda mental objection to the bill that has been urged by this paper and all its opponents is that it is not what it pre tends to be upon its face, a revenue bill, but is a bill intended to diestroy an industry which is admittedly legitimate. We are indebted to Rep resentative Tawney for a frank ad mission of this fact, made in an in terview in Washington and transmit ted to a local paper. He is reported as saying: "In my judgment this legislation will be of great advantage to the dairymen because of the stabil ity it will give this industry, and driv ing, as it will, oleomargarine cut of the market as butter." The state ment was made in the argument for the bill that its purpose was mere ly to prevent a fraud. The shallow ness of that argument was shown by the refusal to accept the minority bill, which provided for such marking of the oleomargarine as would absolutely prevent its being imposed upon any body for anything but what it is. If the bill receives the presidential sig nature, it will, undoubtedly have to pass the scrutiny of the courts, where the question will be raised as to its real nature. The supreme court of the United States showed, in Its decision on our meat inspection bill, that it was disposed to go behind the title of the act to inquire into its real na ture. If it does that In this case it will have' no difficulty in reaching the conclusion that the alleged motive o; the bill is a false one, and that its real motive is an unconstitutional one. The Dispatch is as insistent as is Mr. Tawney or any supporter of the oleomargarine bill, that the person who wishes to buy butter shall not be given oleoipargarine, and that the person who wishes to buy oleomar garine shall be as free to buy it as he who wishes to buy butter. ' The bill that has passed congress has not se cured this. It is, therefore, neither right nor honest. Upon this ground the Dispatch has stood, and will con tinue to stand, until justice is done. THE RIGHT THING TO DO. Chicago Chronicle: The first act of honesty congress owes the Philip pines is an act giving them honest money. Dishonest money is always followed by an endless train of other dishonesties. :'THOUGIHTS ON ADVERTISING. lo- Profitable Advertising: The right re- sort ut advertising makes the` luxuries r- of life the necessities of life. s: Boyce's 'Hustler:' 'Money 'spent in as advertising is always wisely spent if the returns Justify the expenditure. ns It makes no difference what the ad nk vertising costs, 'providedthe resultse be show that it was "worth the price: id Dry ,Goods Chronicle: The ques re tion as to whether advertising in 't creases the cost of goods to' the con ic sumer is on an exact parallel with id the question as to whether the sub e- stitution of steam vessels for sailing al ships has increased the cost of carry re ing, or the substitution of the rail w road for the stage coach has ihcreas ue ed the cost of traveling. re Plain Talk: It's true- r- That advertising doesn't pay-uh Ld less it's followed up properly. I That an advertisement which costs Is nothing is usually worth nothing. r- That no advertising man ever was 's successful who didn't' learn from his B, mistakes. ý- That a little fire may start a big e blaze-but if you don't keep on feed s ing it, it'll go out. e That many a man lays a failure. due to loose business meth'ods, at the L- door of his advertising department. Vt The Wheel: Some seem to have the idea that advertising is an exact nlscience-that unless a man has stud s ied it he cannot make a success of a it. They are wrong. Advertising is e not an exact science. All that any r one knows is that the experts make r it pay-and that others who are a n long way from experts make it pay, too. When done in the right way and r spirit, and placed in the right me diums, and stuck to perserveringly, it pays. That is about all any one knows about it. i DISGRACED THEIR COLORS. St. Paul Dispatch: If there is any vestige of truth in the story of the disgraceful behavior of the officers of the cruiser Chicago, while at Ven ice, a full investigation should be fol lowed by condign punishment. The American naval officer abroad should be the highest type of the American citizen and gentleman. He should be a constant picture, to the foreigner, of all that is highest and best to man hood and honor.. A fighter in time of war, he should, in time of peace, be the personification of dignity and con trol. If the story be true, these of ficers at Venice were at least intoxi cated. The row might have been in I self-defense, but the occasion for de fense would never have arisen but for the drinking bout. It is a shame and disgrace that Americans should have cause to blush for. her Qfficers abroad. Bad enough would it have been for s a party of sailors, on shore leave, to have mixed up in a drunken row, but for a group of officers there is no I palliation. With President, Roosevelt t at the helm, it is unnecessary to say a strict accounting will be had and certain punishment follow conviction. 1 The Great Republic cannot affordsuch a a spectacle furnished by men wearing I its uniform. t --__________ TRICKY STATESMANSHIP. Chicago Record-Herald (rep.): The senate committee on privileges and elections has probably beaten the resolution for the election of United States senators by the people by adopting the Depew amendment. The amendment provides that the quailr fications entitling citizens to vote for senators shall be uniform throughout the country and that congress shall have charge of the elections. It is anomalous and irrelevant, and it is condemned by Senator Depew's own speech in its defense. Consistency should have constrain ed him to argue for a general "force bill," but in one breath he repudiated the principla and the ,bjects of such a bill and in the next adopted them for his special measure. There is a manifest lack of good faith in such a course, and it becomes the more marked when it is understood that the senator is opposed to the election of senators by the people and would like to see the resolution deferted. The majority of the committee were evidently actuated by the same mo tives, the purpose being to put the democratib friends of the resolution in a hole. If they are compelled to vote on the resolution and the amend ment together they will naturally pre fer that the resolution itself should fail rather than that there should he any interference with the election laws of the south. Of the ethics of those laws it is unnecessary to speak now, but it is clear that they have been lugged into the debate on the election of senators by the people without excuse. The atteflipt is being made to defeat a de sirable reform by a trick. SENATORIAL SCRAPPERS. Boston Transcipt: What's the mat ter with our senators? Tillman and McLa~ugjn were disciplined for scrap ping; Mioney has been arrested on the'charge of using a knife too free ly, and Clark for driving his automo ble fister than the law allows. The lawmakers are Psaking quite a record as lawbreakers ' NO ..Al, .BUT IT FlT4. Minneapolis ,Toirlra:1 t''bie: e combine, unfortunately for it, does no onupopolize 'the ~ifod qu pply thoug. it: d 'e. to a ila Wextht toontrol thi meat supply. There be.ing other foods besides meat that are capable of sus taining life, the people have reduce( their meat purchased even more rap idly than the .priceq lave ascended The result is that the business of thn big packing houses has fallen off one third, the yards are full of empt: cearSpg men 'are' being discshayged., "f' tie beef trust, which has,' 'eeall exlsted for many years, is responsible for part or all of the increase in the 'est of meats, ,the ability of the peo pie to reduce their meat purchases without 'serious' inhonvenience will be a valuable lesson. It will teach the trust that mere control of the meat supply ,ill not put it into a posi tion to raise prices exorbitantly.. What does it profit the trust if it raises prices 20 per cent and loses a third of the trade? This suaden reminder to the trust that it is not omnipotent has come in 'a purely natural and spohtaneous way. There has been some' talk of pun ishing the beef trust by 'refraining from meat, and there have even been sporadic instances of groups of men agreeing not to eat meat for a certain period. 'But alniost all of the reduc tion in the trust's buiness has 'come through millions of' housekeepers pur suing the same course, not from'agree ment, but 'because 'they were affected by similar causes. It was sfimply a case of little household economic's in the meat bill, "because meat is too high," heaped up on each other, till the aggregate of the patronage thus wdthheld from the meat trust amounts to such a proportion of its business as to stagger it. AWAITING IRRIGATION. Chicago Record-Herald: The plans for reclaiming the arid lasds of the west through irrigation, suggested by President Roosevelt and Secretary Hitchcock, have directed public at tention to the extent to which the once sterile wastes have been trans formed by this process into produc tive areas and the amount of arid soil that is yet to be reclaimed.. It is estimated that one-third of the whole United States, exclusive or' Alaska and outlying possessions, con sists of vacant public land. This vast area under prcper irrigation and good management is capable of sustaining a lairge population. As much of this area has a rich soil its utilization is one of the most important economic iuestions before the people, and con gress must soon give it serious con sideration. Writing in the current World's Work Mr. Robert T. Hill of the United States geological survey calls atten tion tc some instances of the marvel ous transformation of the desert into "emerald oases" by irrigation. The hopeless-looking soil of the desert; when artificially watered, says Mr. Hill, -is appatently more fertile than the region where rainfall is abundant. Prcof of this may be seen in the wheatfields of Utah, the great cotton. farms of Oah.ila, the alfalfa valley% of the Rio Grande and the orchards of California. Mr. Frederick Haynes Newell, whi has been engaged for many years in conducting investigations of the ex tent to which arid. regions can be re claimed by irrigation and has written an exhaustive book on the subject, declares that enough land can be -o. claimed in this way "to provide food and homes for a population greate' than that of 'our whole country to day." It is the opinion of Mr. Newell, how ever, that all the irrigation that can be done by private enterprise is now in operation and the further restora tion of arid lands must be done by the government. As the most of this arable land is owned by the govern ment, it is believed that the time has arrived when it must take hold of the irrigation problem as a national enterprise in the interest of all the~c people. There is little doubt that public sentiment would as readily approve of an extensive plan of irrigation for these vast desert areas to be carried out by the government, as it now assents to the expenditures of millions for the improvement of rivers and harbors. Besides, the return Would be more direct and certain. CASABLANCA BRYAN. New York World: Casabianca Bryan will live in the history of 1902 as the boy who stood on the burnt down dieck "whence all but him had fled." From far Nebraska's prairie slopes to the .northeasternmost point In Maine he is the only democrat whose voice is still raised for the Chicago-Kansas City platform. SQUARING THE ACCOUNTS. Washington Post: The financi,ers on the other side are somewhat alarm ed over the operations of John Pier pont Morgan. But the man is merely trying to get back some of the money the pianIktd, fiddlers and grand opera stars come over and take from us.