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*THE BILLIN i GAZETTE
VOL. XVIII. BILLINGS. YELLOWSTONE COUNTI MONTANA, FRIDAY, AUGUST 29, 1902. NO: 34 A Complete,Outfit . And a Good One. Now is the Time. ' The VOGUE is the Place to Buy It. len's Suits, Men's Corduroy Pants, California Shirts, Stetson Hats, " Warranted Shoes, 'Bedding and Tarpaulins. LINTON'S OLD; STAND. First National Bank OF BILLINGS, MONTANA. PAID-UP CAPITAL - - $150,000 SURPLUS. . - - - ,10,000 P. B. Moss, President. M. A. ARNOLD, Cashier. S. G. REYNOLDS, Assistant Cashier. DIRECTORS ' ' G. W. WOODSON, P. B. Moss, Jos. ZIMMERMAN, M. A. ARNOLD. S. G. REYNOLDS. Transact a Generl Banding Bliness---Collectllons Promptly Made anid Relit.d For Lehfelif Alfalfa Ranches These Fine Properties, Five in Number, Now Offered for Sale at Low-·Prices Easy Terms and a iuaranteed Market for lay at $4.50 Per Ton Several Sections of Railroad Land near by can' be pur chased with these farms for pasturage if desired. Good Water Right With Each Place For Map Showing the Lands in Detail, and full information, APPLY TO , T. J. BOUTON, Selli.n. BILLINGS, mONTANA. ' 4 Rambouillet and Merino Thoroughbred s <BUCKS From the C. Cunningham Breeding Farm , . .. OREGON . . 'I SE are thz best lot of Bucks ever shipped to -the I 'state. They will be sold on favorable terms. Can be seen at Billings. Inquire of or address 11. PEDRO, Billins, Mont. ** .* .. HILL ON TOP IN NEW YORK SAYS DEMOCRATIC SUCCESS IS FAR FROM HOPELES8. AUTOORAT OF THE PASr Silver Democrats From the W.st View Hill's Course With Knives in Hand. Chicago, Aug. 27.-William E. Cur tis in a New York special to the Rec ord-Herald says: David Bennett Hill has reached 62 years, the age when a man goes on the retired list in t)9 army or navy. He hAs been in acti'v political life for 35 years, has been in office more than half of that time, has never taken a drink or smoked a cigar or kissed a woman, and now, a' his reward, 'he finds himself for the first time 'autocrat pf the depnocratid party in the empire state. What shall it lprofit him? is a ques tion a good many people are asking. There is no recompense or reward in sight except glory and satisfacti.ct which are absets. that he cannot realize upon or use for-collateral, and; according to the best accounts there' will lurk at the threshhold of the nelt democratic national convention nu merous gentlemen from Nebraska and elsewhere, with silver-mounted knives and a determination to prevent him from achievink any greater honors or influence in his phrty. Nevertheless, no one can deprive David Bennett Hill cC the gratification that filled his soul at Saratoga last Saturday when he looked over the democratic 'state, committee in con ference, assembled a _ realized that not one man withih the rapge of 'his vision would refuse to .obey any or der. he might issue. The last time Mr. Hill met that same committee, and it was only two years ago, he was jeered, derided and degraded, and only a small minority had the nerve to be seen cawipg at his rooms. They would 'not even let him plead his cause. The man' who presided-andI he was there again Saturday, among Mr. Hill's most obedient servants, was not able to ,see him when he arose to make a motion and several times treated him in a most con temptuous way. Since then many things have hap pened. Mr. Croker, who was then absolute monarch as Mr. Hill is to day, lives in England, practically a political outcast. Edward Murphy, Jr., Mr. Hill's former ally,; who de serted-him, and went over to the ene pay, has been dethroned in the little oligarehy he ruled at Troy, and no longer exercises either power or in fluence. Two years ago nothing was done or decided by the denmocrats of New York without his "O.K." upon the back, no man could be nominated for a state office without his ccnsent, and he aided to humiliate Mr. Hill in 1900.. Edward Murphy, Jr., is also amk exile, and lives most of his time in the state which shelters a third of Mr. Hill's most, forimidable enemies. Mr. Cleveland is friendly to him now, or at least is supposed to be, but wasn't the least so when his friend. ship was of any value. Roswell. P. Flower is dead. There is nio one to dispute Mr. Hill's leadership, no one of courage and ability enough to' disobey his orders. The adherence, of Tammany and of several other democratic organiza tions in the state, is pot entirely vol untary, and it is not what 'some of the 19cal leaders would prefer, but, as Mr. Whitney said, the democrats have neither an issue nor a man, and hence they have called Hill out of the bul rushes, as it were. He hse repaired the democratic machine which Croker left so badly wrecked, painted it and put it in running oqder. Therefore his right to lun it is not disputed. The 'epresentativeý from the sav eral senatortal districts at tlie, . ing of the state committee at a' , toga Saturday expressed opinions not favorable to democratic success at the November election., There is very little enthusiasm among the local leaders of the party, and atilt less ~among the rank and fle, It is dif fcult to get up much excitement with neither money or offices .-or pros peets of success. But Mr. Will made an 'earnest speech, urging careful and thoroegh organisation, declaring that the prospects of a democratic party victory. in November we're far from hopeless and stating that he was very confident of the election of a depo cratic president in 1904. He promised `the bars that money would be forth coming if a strong -ticket was nomi pated at. the approaching convention, but thus far' has suggested nO can: didates. KRUGER DEPOSED. Gen. Botha -Takes Nis Place Among the Boers. Brussels, Aug. 27.-Paul Kruger, former president of the Transvaal re public has. been dropped as the lead i' of the Boers. In his stead General ~Botha will reigni. This action was determined on at a conference between former President Kruger and the Boer Generals DeWet, Itha and Delarey 'in this city. h news has not yet been officially -abIounced, but will be in the near fu tiure.' The scene when Mr. Kruger agreed to step down and out was pathetic in the extreme, according to the testi mony of some of theparticipants in 'the, cotlference. . Mr,. Kruger, since the taking over !of the. South African 'country by the British, has lost much of the interest that he formerly felt in the welfare' of that territory and has on several occasions stated that he should nev er return to the scene of his people's defeat. General Botha, the new leader of the Boer legions, is popular with the Britlhi, as well as with the Boers ..hpilives, and it is generally be ilved he will prove a mpre useful man in his new position than Mr. Kruger could possibly hope to be. R1OOSEVELT' IS IN EARNEST AS$S FOR MORE THAN BARE DUTY TO CUBA. Would Act in Spirit of Generosity To ward Young Republic-Porto iRiceariN Governed. Lowell, Mass., Aug. 27.-Following is a summary cf the president's speecli at Lowell. The president first said he wished to lay special stress upon the greeting of the men of the G. A. R. and to his comrades of the Ninth regiment, beside whom, he":saiSl, "I myself' served at Santi ago." (Cheer and applause.) "When I got" the train this morn ing," the president continued, "one of the first to greet me was ex-Gcv. Al len, of Porto Rico, your fellow towns man. (Applause.) Now, you don't hear much about our government of Portc Rico, because there is noth ing sensational in a complete success. (Laughter and applause.) Under Gov. Allen and since under his successor, Porto Rico has been governed so well that it Is not entitled to any space in the newspapers. (Laughter.) "Now, gentlemen, we have done our full duty to Pcrto Rico. We have done our duty to tuba. But I want to ask this people to act further than a sense of lare duty. To act in a spirit of generosity such as befits a great republic in dealing with a new and weaker republic, which itself has started on the career of important self-government. "Andl I want furthermore that cur pedple slloudi be awake to theim own interest in the seas and lands south of our country. .We drove out those who had been oppressing Cuba and we cleaned house for them. Ntot an easy task, for many of those cities had never been cleaned in their en tire history. We introduced a school syStem. We made justice in fact as well- a name. We stamped out the plague of yellow fever, a plague which was a -menace not merely to Cuba, but to our own southern states, and then we left them independent. "But from the very necessities of the case we are bound to have inti mate relations with them. Cuba has got to be in a sense' a part of our in ternational policy system and I ask most earnestly that In return we make ker part of our economic system by establishing reciprocal trade re lations with her. (Applause, cheers and cries of 'right.') I ask it in her interest and I ask it in ours. There is a great market in Cuba and I wish to see it controlled in the interest of our own people." Belleypd to Be Work of Firebugs. Lander, Wyo., Aug. 27.-Forest fires are still raging in the mountains is this vicinity, although the force of fire fighters employed by the in terior dep tment is doing everything possible to extingui8h them. It is alleged that in the secticn where fires. were extinguished others were set by unknown parties. THRIBUTE TO THE FARMERS TRUE AMERICAN SPIRIT FOSTER. ED IN RURAL LIFE. R008EVELT'S BANGOR TALK Changes and Progress Have Not Stamped Out the Old Ideal. Bangpor, Me., Aug. 27.--The special train bearing the president and his party arrived here at 12 o'clock on schedule time. The president was met at the train by President Beal of the Eastern Maine State Fair asso ciation, Senator Hale, Congressmen Littlefield and Powers and others. The party impindiately started for a drive about the city. At Waterville, on the way from Augusta to this city, where are locat ed a number of large paper mills, a stand had been erected, close to the depot, and frcm there the president spoke briefly to a large number of people, many of whom came from a distance in all sorts of conveyances to hear him. The train was slowed down at Pittsfield and Newport. At each of these places the enthusiasm was genuine and hearty, and the shouts cf the people as the president came out could be heard for some time after the train' went by. The Old American Spirit. In his speech in Bangor, the presi dent said in part: "I am glad to see the farmers of Maine. During the century that has passed the growth of industrialism has necessarily meant that cities and towns have increased in population more rapidly than the country Aditrict~ And .yet, it re mains now,ies it has always been, that i.i the last resort, the country districts are those in which "we are surest to find the old American spirit, the old American habits of thought and ways of living. "Almost all of our forefathers have been brought up in the country, and most of them worked hard on the farms in their youth and got their early mental trainling in the healthy democracy of farm life. The forces which mage these farm boys leaders of men when they had come to their full manhood ,are still at work in our country districts. Life on the farm, in a lumbering camp, on a ranch, all have paid their part. Change and Progress. It must not be understood from this that there has been no change in farming and farm life. The contrary is the case. There has been much change, much progress. The granges and similar organizations, the farm ers' alliances and institutes, which promote intelligent do-operations and give opportunity for social and mental intellectual intercourse among the farmers have played a, large part in raising the level of life and work in the country districts. In the domain of government, the department of agriculture, since its foundation, has accomplished results as striking as those obtained under anty other branch of the national administration. SIXTY-FIVE WORDS A MINUTE What Fessenden's Code of Wireless Telegraphy Does. Pittsburg, Aug. 27.-Professor Fes srnden said lats night that he has sent for several consecutive minutes 65 words a minute by the Phillips code by his wireless telegraph system. He asserts tlat by his instruments he has detected the presence of light ning waves, the lightning being in visible, although at the times it af fected the instruments light clouds were seen near the zenith. These waves were the only natural phe ncment that affected the system, he says, and he has discovered a meth od of counteracting them. Fessen den's contract with the government will expire on September 1. Wyoming Not a Speedy Boat. San Francisco, Aug. 27.-The Unit ed States coast defense monitor Wyo ming, under construction at the Union Iron works, will have its builder's trial next Saturday or Monday. Wyo ming, which is destined merely for harbor defense and not for cruising on ,the high seas, will not develop great speed, probably not over 12 knots. It is now practically com plete. Its entire battery is installed and steam has already been made and kept up in its boilers. FOR GOVERNOR OV CALIFOR*I~( ~ Geo. C. PardLee Receives Republic'can S-Nomination. Sacramehto, Cal, .Aug. 27.-Amid ;t >the greatest confusion Dr. Geo. 0C.; Pardee, of Alameda county, was this morning nominated by the republi can state convention for governor on the sixth ballot, the. third one of the day. t- was with the greatest difficulty - the chairman could announce the ee-. sult of the vote. Delegates were 0.: -. their feet cheering. Above al sH6uin ed the chairman's gavel, vainly irap :. , ping for order. The enthusiasin ca'. to an end finally when the helair.iai: announced the result. Hayes moved the nomidation be made unanlmdis& It was seconded and adopted by the, : convention. - ' Dr. Pardee was called to the plat .: form. He made a brief speech, ex pressing his gratification and predict ed success at the polls. Alden Anderson was chosen iieuten ant govern by acclamation,. Brigham Young's illness. Salt Lake, Utah, Aug. '27.-Unof ficial announcement is made of the serious illness of Brigham Young, president of the quorum of 12 apostles of the Mormon church. WOULD LET LADIES VOTE TRADES COUNCIL FAVORS WO-. MAN SUFFRAGE. Talk of Legislation Desired' by Or ganized Labor-Socialism Further Discussed. Livingston, Aug. 27.--This has been a' suy day in the .Trades and Labor council. A large number of import ant matters i'lative to organized la. bor in this state came ,up fcr con' sideration todayi. Proposede legisla tion was'discussed at length. During the day the council declared in fa vor of woman's suffrage and advised that all unionsfin the state work to help it along. Dealers are asked to decline to handle prison made goods. It is proposed that legislation be se cured to establish a state smelter. It is advised that the political code be amended in reference to state printing and that it be made com pulsory for county commissioners and city councils to let all printing to concelns within the state. More leg islation that will assist wage workers, in collecting amounts due for wages is suggested and it is proposed to ask legislation which will prlvide that each county furnish counsel to assist in the collection in case the cost does not exceed $50. Interpretation of Resolution. Considerable dissatisfacti.on was ex pressed as to the interpretation plac ed on the resolution passed at yes tei ay's session in reference to the a Thr ion of the principles of social ism. Many members declare that the adoption of the rider which so amend ed the resolution as to disclaim any control over unions or individual members did not leave it without force or effect, and in order that the public may fully understand what was the intenticn of the council the following resolution was adopted: 'in view of certain reports publish ed in newspapers of the state we deem it our duty at this time to cor rect certain misunderstandings which have grown out 'of these newspaper reports and in order that the public in general may fully understand the position taken by the said convention we hereby submit the actual facts: Action Is Only Advisory. "First-This council adopted reso lution endorsing the' action taken by the conventions of the Western Fed-" eration of Miners and the American Labor union recently held in Den ver, said resolutions containing a general declaration in favor of social ism. "Second-This council realizing that it has no authority to compel. any union or its individual members . to take any particular political ac tion, furthern on in that resolution declared that we as a representative body advised and .-ecemmended to organized labor to take independent political action as' working peoale,' which would be in accordatice with.i those Denver resolutions. "Third-The. fact that only saevi.: votes were cast 4gainkt the ..,. . tion proves conclusively Wher@e, 9 ',' representatives of orgals.ed la"i the state of Montana actuafl$y upon this question.:" ' '