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.e.. .... . =3.0G . ..t... . ..... 1.5t DLY GAZETTE. by imail, in advance.. $5.00 , by ail............. 50 ,,rMonth by .carrier.......... .50 atred it the Billings Poetoiace as Meoond Clase Matter.: TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 2, 1902. GRADUATED SOCIALISM. Notwithlsatandingthe adoption of the rider' attached to the resilution which pre:vailed at the meeting of the trades and..labor council at Livingston a few; days- ago, and by which it was believed that the attempt to tie labor organizations in the state to the so ciali.t.tsparty i pad failed, it would - ee8m that the council is not wholly Ifee of socialistic ideas and tenden cies. ; The council has adopted fur ther resolutions and these are dis tinctly expressive of socialistic be liefs. One of them declares in fa vor of the establshment of a state smelter. This certainly is in line wi.l., the demands of the socialists. Anotlfer asks the passage of a law by which the state will be required to afsist wage workers to' collect their pay, where institution of a law suit,'is niecessary. If th'e demand of the council is complied With then it will" become the duty of every county in the state to furnish counsel in the collection of such claims, provided the cost of the same does not exceed 50. : If it is proper for the state to erect and operate a smelter, why is it not equally right and proper to demand that it shall build, equip and operate flouring mills, tanneries, tailor shops or any 'of the other institutions that give employment to labor and con tribute to the 'needs and, requirements of its people. Why necessary to draw the line at smelters? Did the council in its wisdom consider that only the mining industry, through its attend ant industry, the reduction of ores, was of such importance to the people of the state that it should be conduct ed under state control and at state expense? Or was it possibly because the largest number of delegates of the council happened to be feepresent ative of subordinate bodies the mem bers of which arc engaged in occupa tions that directly have their origin in the extraction of ores from the depths of the earth? Such distinction in favor of' one particular induistry or the men follow ing it as. a means of livelihood is man ifestly unfair to the many other, per sons in the state whco are dependent upon labor in one form` or another as I a means ,of existence. If it is the I proper thing. for the state to manage a smelter it-would not be less proper for it t, conduct a ranch or a stock farm. If socialism is to be adopted and communal ownership of the source of wealth and its distribution are to obtain, why not, then, adopt the cult of its entirety. Let the state not stop at smelters, but take over every source of wealth and employ ment, for if socialism is goon in one -thing it, ought to be good in all. If we are to have a Utopia, let us have it whole, not on the installment plan. ______ ---~- - - I FORCING THE ISSUES. No matter what his political ene mies may have to say c6ncerning his sincerity on the subject, the people of the nation are becoming fairly well satisfied that President Roosevelt is in earnest in what he has to say con cerningth the trusts and that he means it when he says the time has come for the national govern ment to step in and regulate them, or ,at least their manner of doing busi Siess. It is also noticeable that he does not loosely confine himself to *the vague and indefinite term ,itrusts," but lets it be understoond tat he refers to corporations and that 4the problem which he considers as alling for national intervention is o of corporatiofs. In the well defined stand he has as sumed on the question he has taken the wind out of the democratic sails, ybeiug willing that the trust prob im shall be one of the issues. In at he seems to be determined to orce the question in that direction. ~tbe determination he is animated the belief that no other party is wl quali.fied to grapple with the the party of which he is Ir. Ele realizes that the tIag when something ) he recommends must -ants his party to do US to prepare both he .mea who consti i corporations, he for th9m to aBee ot alive to the daanger tha hia conmeAo theim it regulative meas ubise are not adopited. To th6se"wh4 oppose them he declares that it wouli be' folly to expect ,to 'c re the evil) they complain of in a single lay ani that whatever miasures are adopter must be the result of sefiouts, earnes and deep thought. He.does not se himself utP as do some of the lout mouthed de'magogues Who are, oppos ing him, as being the possessor of : remedy that will bring in'stantaneouw and 'lasting relief. He shows his wis dorm by calling attention to the evi and leaves it to tile men who' maks the laws to devise some measure cal culated to effect the cure. He realizes the magnitude of the diseasesand con tents himself by declaring in a gen eral way that the only effective rem edy lies in governmental control. Ii the power necessary to do so is not g'r.ted congress under the consti tution, then, he says, .the constitution should be so amended as to Confer that power. By doing his utmost un der a defective law to accord the re lief for which the people call he has shown what may be expected of him under a more far-reaching and effec tive law. It is noticeable that he does not share in the fear oft President Rose of the lawyers' national organization -that if the power he declares shall be vested in the national governmnet were so vested that it would signify the inauguration of an era of cor ruption and debauchery unparalleled in, the history of the nation. He has more confidence in the people and their representatives. He believes that it amended as recommended by him the constitution would be enforc ed, or rather that the laws 'Inacted under the' amendment would be in accordance with the provisions of the amendment and that the will of the people would be so unmistalably ex pressed at the polls that those whose duty it would be to enact the new leg islation would not care to go contrary to their wishes. In other words, he has confidence in the honesty of the masses and trusts them. JItwas no doubt due to his earlier training as a republican that the late Governor Hoadley, who died in New York City a few days ago, was the strong, honest and fearless, man he proved himself to be when in later years as a democrat he had the cour age to stand up and denounce the cor ruption of his party in Ohio. He was the democratic governor of the state at the time and the contest he waged against the McLean gang of bribers' and ballot-box stuffers is still memorable. After de nouncing the lot in a public speech he also announced his retirement from political life. To emphasize his re tirement, he removed to the city where he died and devoted himself to the practice of his profession, that of the law. Still swayed by his early associations and the lessons then learned, he came out strongly against Bryan in both' cf the campaigns in which the Nebraskan figured and de clared for sound money. Governor Hoadley was a man whom all honest men delighted to honor and his name and fame are lasting. MR. HEWITT'S WISDOM. Boston Herald: We have more than once in previous papers paid tribute to the remarkably sound sense of the Hon. Abram S. Hewitt bf new York. Mr. Hewitt has-for many years strug gled against the effects of -an imper fect indigestion, which has often made him a restless invalid; but through it all he has lved until he has attained the age of 80 years, with a mind un impaired and wisdom as conspicuous as ever. On reaching his birthday, he was interviewed for the New York Times as regards the present condi tion of labor affairs in this country, and he said on this point: "Neither party has the right to coerce the other into submission, ex cept through the action of the courts -or tribunals duly constituted to hear and decide upon causes of action sub mitted to them by either or both par ties. "The right of the workmen to re frain from labor and the right of the employer to cease to employ are cor relative rights, but no one has the right to compel any other workman to cease from labor nor has his em ployer any right to lock out his work men in order to compel submission to obnoxious rule." This is strictly judicial in tone, and strictly sensible as a just view of disputed conditions. Mr. Hewitt has been for half a century an em. ployer of labor, and at the same time no man enjoys a better reputation as the true friend of the working classes as they are termed, than does he. CUBANS CATCHING ON. Chicago ChroniCle: President Pal ma of Cuba is now beginning to taste the joys of his exalted position. The Havana editors have started in to "arraign"- him. When they begin to "brand" h~m he will be due to an nounce his candidacy for a second term. aBeenha ;ees regarding the ,Alaka repeatedly been shown groundless, yet it- is I o withstanding the fact ta 'cause serious trouble i bihil United States and Great fore a final settlement is.. In a letter to the New Y bune, Mr. Frederick W. , o William H. Seward, , wh.oei e tary of state negotiatedth ha of Alaska, says that Great_ ta had no more claim to a poi~t o Lynn canal than she has t osto harbor: .. . "The treaties, are.clear ab e plicit," says Mr. Seward. T bou ary named in them is a. natitral well defined one. It is a .liine rin ning along the summits of te noun tain chain, ten marine leaues fron the coast.. The pretelse -that th mountains sink down just there. .ea. ing no well defined rrdge,, s' onsenje They are gigantic, precipi.tou~.4ffs from 3,000 o 6,000 feet' highi The White Pass itself, chosenias the lo~w eat available point of passage, is erally a railway through the l.oudi.' It' is impossible to say whether ,the 'British government will, continue to back up Canada in the preposterous claim to Alaskan territory the Amer ican title to which, has been queation ed only within the- last few .,ears but iI the interest of peace and good relations that claim should be aban doned, for it will certainly niever lb~ conceded by the United States.: .-I RESULT OF MERGING. Minneapolis Journat. The cogi plaint of the NOrth Dakota anid Mn. tana cattlemen that the Northern Pa' cific and Great Norihern do not supi ply them with enough cars is hno n 'i prising. A lazy or scornful 'ndiffet. ciice to the demands o'1 0 6 pitrons 6 are at your mercy is net rare in hu-: afn nature. Why should the traffic epartmelt of either road' "tear its hirt"' to forward the cars wheui it. knows that the proceeds of the traffic go into the same strong box, no inat ~er which performs ''the service? M(r. Rill has often told us that the merger ri not a consolidation, only a p8aiia 'or avoiding ruinous competition. In practice it'seems to eliminate efen, :he competition which might be exa pected to arise ,from the esprit dur, :orps of the two roads. LAWS FAVOR THE WICKED. - Philadelphia Record: Under a re sent ruling of the comptroller of the ;reasury soldiers of the United gtates' army whoare dishonorably discharg ,d must, be furnished free trafi'sporta :ion to their homes,, just as though= heir military conduct had been flaw.; ess and immaculatae. Thus the rene ;ade troopers who have married Fil pino women and deserted them and tre, therefore, menaced by General Jhaffee with the penalty of dishonor tble discharge-will be enabled without :ost. to put 7,000 miles of salt water )etween themselves and their de ;erted spouses. Great-is military dis. :ipline inits application to the social' :rder of things!, - HE'LL NEVERF GET LEFT. Brooklyn Eagle: Russell Sage is afraid that there are too many trusts, and there will be a grand collapse some morning, when Morgan isn't looking. Uncle Russell believes, ap parently, that there is going to be a brokers' trust. But he need n'ot fear. He will be in it. CAUSE OF THANKFULNESS., Kansas City 1ournal: One 9f the gratifying things apout the naval en jcounter between.. Captain Pillsbury and Admiral Higginson is the fact that it does not saddle the country with an additional pension roll. ONE MILD SURPRISE. Saturday Evening Post: Beef went up on account of the s arcity of beef. Coal went up because of the scarcity of coal. The only surprising thing is that ice did not go up on account of the scarcity of water. SLOW BUT SURE.' New York Tribune: American di plomacy with the porte sometimes has to move slowly, but it generally gets there, all the same. Prairie Fire. Great Falls, Aug. 29.--Meager, par ticulars were received in the city last evening of ,a big prairie fire in the vicinity of Havre, north of the river. A wind with a velocity of 35 miles an hour was fanning the flames, and it was feared the fire would overtake many bands of sheep and destroy a great quantity, of stacked hay gnd much range. The Holloway Trio of high-wire acrobats, who are engaged with- Ring ling Brothers' World's Greatest Shows this season, were the reigning sensa tion of `London last winter. These great artists perform acrobatic feats in mid-air, and upon th1i wir@, that many celver acrobats hesitate to at tempt on the solid ground. There is no other act like it in the world. 4 " OF T~E Septber- .II a 1 ý.f The Biggest and, Bst Eh ibn of its i Sever `Insuguiratedý W.B S .G .R I - *~~F~ Eve In9guate. C.~· M ·. BAIR, Pres.-~'··: W. BI' . QEOROESecy. - PE3OPLE:.OF_'rie DAY " on Honortd Old Age. Abram 8. 'Hewitt, ex-mayor of New York city and thq,man whom Andrew Carnegie calls. "America's foremost' private citizen," celebrated his' eighti eth btiithday at his suti er h.ome at Bar Harbor'iMe., on July 81. The ven erable gentleman passed this .nlestone of an active cateer ik excellent heaith. and spirits. Few men'have had better opportunities to accuW.ilate wisdom with years than Abram S. Hewitt. Gifted by nature, well trained, well ýplaced and' universally trusted, he hasi had about every sort of profitable pub A.IBXM S. HEWITT. lie and business experience that any iian could hlave... He is` not in har mbny with 'either of the political par ties now conteiding in New York, bu, he does not- for that reason imagfine that the country is going to the dem nition bowwows. i He retains his op timism and declares that there are good times coming to the people of America. "Belmont Takes Snuf. Oliver H. P. Belmont is one of the few society men who have the snuff habit, this not as a result of the re cent attempt made in London to re vive a custom .high in favor with our grandfathers, 'for Mr. "Belmont has tatken snuff for years. He has quite a collection of valuable boxes and frequently amuses` himself by taking out one of these Jeweled re :ceptacles and offering' its contents to wondering friends. Usually the offer is declined. But quite recently 'a -young lady to whom~ he playfully extended the snuff surprised him by taking a piiich. 'A she' was not accustomed to the habit and had merely snuffed from .brayadoo a violent fit of sneezing followed. :Mr. Belmont always laughs when he re lates that she seemed to think the re quirements of the situation fully met by' tlle polite inquiry: "Oh, .beg your pardon! Pid I sprin kle you?" ' eTP. Long and Short of It. The tallest man, in the present con gresp is Representative Cyrus Bullo way of New Hampshire. The shortest menber isSamuel S. Smith of Mieli ga .i:Strange to say, Sulloway and Smith are great chums and have many omaential remarks to mtike to- each St+lie.er,:.aough Smith has to stand on d tiptoes and 'ulloway has to double: inei "up like a. jackknife whien' these heart.to heart .comnmunications take pla&.e,' By the members who know' of-' this, intimacy Sulloway is referred to as "the',majority," while Mr. Smith is -caed "the, minority." The latter is only "the minority" so far as stature goes, for he is a very decided majority as regards Iis name. There are six Smiths in the hsbise of representatflvs. Charehill a Legislative Can'didate. iston4uChurchill. the popular novel istwho:has justeome qut as a candidate for thie .tglelqtmte a lNew Hampahire, lives =it Cor ,is N.1i :. W. was bor in St. LouJ NoV 10, 1871 a. rmother 18i~ native of .that city, but his father is a native of Maine and comes .ifojd New England stock.. The young author's novels., especially "Riphard SWI[STON CHUReCHIIL. Carvel" and I "The Crisis," are Im mensely liked in New England. Mr. Churchill is now at work on a his torical romance dealing with the times of the Louisiana purchase. , Underwood as a MIapmaker. F. L. Underwood of New Yoi'k, who is arranaing the sixty million dollar cotton mill combination in tke south to' be known as the Southern Cotton .arn compan.ny, came fronm Charleston, S, C. It is told of him that when as a lad in school he was asked to draw atvmap of the world Underwood drew a dot about .as big as a pea to represent the world. Around that .lie drew a circle as large as a diue to represent the ; state of South Carolina. and outside of that he drew a circle ns.l;rge as a aIuarter eof a dollar to represenlt the city of Charles ton. A NOVEL ENGINE. Batttmo'b. and Ohio Has a Maehincg That arriesm Pasalengewi. A uniqiue engine has recently been completed b'y the Baltimore, and Ohio railroad at its' Mount Clair shops in Baltimore.: It is designed for the use of -ofofi.als in making- inspection trips. Though called an Insp!ction engine, it really knswers, thhe purpose of a whole train.' The engine has a small passenger coach constructed on topIof the boiler bqck of the smokestack. The 6iller -i hieavily covered with asbestus and the floor of the car with brussels carpet. ThP seats in the coach are arranged in amphitheater style, sq s, to , give .every one in the gur a full view of the track snd surrotiwing Country. as sengers enter the car by winding stairs on either side ft the front pilbt. The engiie may be readily rdfn in either di reetion. A pr"etty sure Sign. "Does she sing as If she jlad had her Voice cultivaited?" "O,. yes.. I .ouldn't undetstand a word she said."-=Philaelplda Bulle. Lines Threoug a HRat. y panarpa! My cherished hat, Which 1 so heartily admire, With crown so high and brim so flat, What grim reflections you inspirei. : The roses bloom and fade awgy; The present joy is turned to Aiopo ; " 'The baniquet hall, once b$'ght an lgy. B9ecomes a, chill, daere roos. The batloo once extolled wlthi fe . - Noew'Uimbly plods, with glory' led; The star' that once shone forth so pBlear Reels nward, lu~terless ae4 ibad. And I reflect, with grief ptofopqd, That you, my ieasured plnasa, Before shother . rolls *:iuud Will e aiy YeWrs 3 strawt . Wih~ir~ - 4!a ·sbip~~tra PROFESSIONAL CARDS. JAME CHAPPLE, M. ., C. M. -Phibician and Surgeon. Telephoi Reildezce, :Ni '77; O~en, No. 124. Belkauap Blook Billnsg, Mo)tL H. E. ARMSTRONG, M. ., Physician and Surgeon. Belknap Block, - Billings, 'Mont. CLIFF LINDSEY, M. D. Physician and Suruieon;. Special attention given to Surgery and Diseases of Women. Office-Froat Room over W. B. TenEyck's Harnea Estabishment pn Montana avenue. Tilephone 120. Residence 210 N. Thirty-frst1street. Telephony No. 7. H, C. CRIPPEN ;Attorney-at-Law. Rooms 7 and 8, Gruwell Building; Billings, Mont. JA IS8 R. GO.s. Attorney-at-LawN. Roo6 2, Belknap JBlock, Billings, Mont. CHARLES L HARRIS, Attorney-at-Law. Prompt and Careful Attention Given Land Nitters.' Land Scrip Bouight and Sold. lBobm 26, G~uwell Block.Billings, Mont. HENRY t FRIT - Attorney-at-Law.. . First National Bank Block, mllnags Mont. F. H. HATHFIORN, Attorney-at-Law. First National Bank Block, Billings, Mont. HENRY WHITE, Fire Insuraince. .t No .ortbh Twenty-Eighth street Tilephone No. 142. A.FRASER, Justice of the Pea6e, )Notary Public. U. S ,Commissioner. "F" irst National Bank Block, Billings Mont. Sto kwel's ýUr' -60-7%" Moat.AY 'PhoneWNo. '89A. No Charge for Male Help. Help Wanted. One man for dairy. Man to Jun harvester. Waitress for hotel, city. Waitress or restaurant, city. Giris for general house work, city and ranch. Woman 'cook in boarding house; Livingston, $40. Men for railroad construction, Ni' D.; ship every day. Miac llaneo4s. ' For Rent'.Room furnished for Iousekepfitg.g 2" per week, Wited.--Roo~ning,.ouse in good lo bstiol . ruý1sled. Wanted-To eit,. or 4 room house. Fo." .ale ght-room board and imh ~nheus.e, ,ged location; a bar : 9eethel light_- and water. o n.'th SFrget! U NUT, t Oitogrp r, 20 N. 29th Street.