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The Billings Gazette.
Gazette Printing Company, Publishers E. H. BECKER. Editor Official County Paper. Subscription Rates. One year, in adance.............$3.00 Six months..................... 1.50 Single copies.................... .05 DAILY GAZETTE. Per Year, by mail, in advance..$5.00 Per Month, by mail ............ .50 Per Month, by carrier.......... .50 Entered at the Billings Postotlice as Second Class Matter. TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 25, 1902. MAKE KNOWN THE TRUTH. Judge Harney may have had very strong reasons for not beginning his action against the Butte lawyers whom he says attempted to bribe him in connection with the notorious Min nie Healey milling case, but to most people it must seem that he waited an unduly long time before taking the step that will probably establsh his innocence or guilt of the charges that have been made that he acted dis honestly in deciding the case when originally submitted to him. It is now over a year since his name was connected with that of a woman in the affidavits made that he had yield ed to improper influences in deciding that case. The accusations in those affidavits were of a most serious nature arid re flected not only on his good name as a citizen, but also charged that as a Judge he was corrupt and untrust worthy. Instead of then and there tak ing steps it is believed that almost any man in his position would have taken to vindicate himself and es rablish his innocence, the judge con tented himself with making a mere .denial of the charges and then went to a distant part of the country on a pleasure trip. Even upon his return he did nothing more and those of his friends and believers felt mortified and astounded that he did not make good their promises that he would deal promptly and severely with his traducers. Some who had suspended judgment began to believe that after all there might be something in the affidavits, while others who from the first believed that they contained the truth were only strengthened in their belief. Thus he suffered in the esti mation of two classes. But appar ently indifferent to the opin ion of friendls and the pub lic and wholly disregardant of what might be thought of a man rest ing under the cloud that overshadow ed his reputation, Judge Harney con tinued to discharge his duties as judge of a cu(',rt and to try eases with the sanme a !pparent asce of mind and con science as a man against whom not a breath of suspicion had ever been heardc. much less one who had blcn char. td in .;;-orn statements \-itl i a. i:; .,,,:t It -annot ie, s lsh tle. he Ic-lio've,l his 1- 'ý;sion' and ruli'tgs would bie accepted with the samn :a it, and ,o: .t,,ne by litigants an: the public as though no such terrible at cusations had ever been made against him and that he would be credited with the same lhonesty and integrity in all things as he was credited with before they were made. Certainly he must have realized that no matter how honestly and fairly he decided matteti, by sonme one and solnmewhere his rulings would be questioned and sinister motives imputed to them. At last he has seen fit to tak- :i:e steps all had reasons for bielievi;:g h, would take at the beginning of thei disgraceful and disreputable affair. He has begun proceedmings in disbar ment against two lawyers and a crim inal complaint has been lodged against a citizen of Butte charging him with having offered to bribe Judge Harney. In the judge's petition against them it is alleged that the lawyers, A. J. Shores and I)D'Gay Stivers, had through Charles W. Clark, the subject of the criminal proceedings, offered him inducements to reverse his decision in the Minnic Healey case and to admit he had been bribed to render the decision in its original form. For doing this and for' resigning and leaving the state. which he alleges was also a part of the proposal made to him, he was -to receive.-$250,000. He furthermore charges that threats , were made Sagainst him by the accused that un ia- les he complied, they would file af - "dsvits ooutaasing scandalous state Q. u' t and. clharges against him. HIere " ium$ter now rests. -bE holate tate will watch with tbe ~drelopment of the pro As nd ail will wish that ev t oinor@tO with the 4ses shall be fully and thor oughly probed to the bottom and the truth made clear. Judge Harney aa well as the men against whom he has at last begun his action, so faa as the people are concerned, is now practically on trial. As to the evi. dence s.lbmii,cul allects one it must affect the other. If it establishes the guilt of those whom he accuses it must be accepted as proving his own innocence, for it will show that he acted honestly and honorably and that he has been unjustly charged and made the victim of a malicious and awful conspiracy. If, however, on the other hand the lawyers disprove his charges and establish that what is asserted in the affidavits then he must stand convicted. Now that the matter has finally reached the place to which it should have been taken long ago it should be allowed to go its full and logical length. Let everything be shown up as it is and in its proper light, be the consequences what they may. The people have a right to know the truth. The good name of the state has suf fered enough through the many vile charges made against its judiciary as it exists at Butte. A DEPLORABLE TRAGEDY. It is safe to say that every good cit izen of the community can but regret the outcome of the unfortunate affair of last Wednesday night which has so shocked the city. Through the mistaken zeal of one who then occu pied a subordinate position as an of ficer of the city the life of a young man has been blotted out, while the no less to be pitied victim of his own haste now occupies a prisoner's cell awaiting trial for murder. In two families grief and sorrow press with their heavy hands and hearts are bow ed down with woe. In one there is mourning for the man already dead and in the other is anguish and pain at the possible fate of the one whose precipitate haste and lack of judgment are responsible for the distress of both. Pity should go out to both, pity for the aged parents of the dead man, pity for the sorrowing wife of the man who caused that death. No one will probably shy that when he started to do that which he be lieved was his duty the one who is now bitterly regreting his rashness had any intention of slaying the man whom he says he suspected of har boring evil and unlawful intentions. But spurred on by over zeal and with out stopping to give thought to the awful results likely to accrue con sequent upon his haste and rashness, he brought the every ready revolver into play and a tragedy was enacted. (ln nnno annnc ennh ýe )hia nvor On occasions such as this many per sons are prone to criticise and place blame indiscriminately. Without wishing to be considered one of these, The Gazette feels constrained to say something concerning a custom that prevails here, the same as it prevails in most small cities. Reference is htd to the mistaken, but popular no tion that in order to be sucessful and perform their duty best policemen should hide their identity and conceal their hadge of office, only to be dis pia:,ed as a last act in some great emergency. While it is true that de tiec i cs often are police officers, ai policemen are not detectives. Their l uty is as iluch to Iirevenl crime as it is to detect and arrest the perpetra tor. For that reason in all cities of sie they are required to go in uni form ind to display as .onspiculously as possible their badges of ofiice. This i. intended for t he benefit and con v-'nincee of the public and also as a mI easure of protection to the officers. Many a man, who if hailed on a dark night and commanded to "throw up" his hands by some one in ordinary at tire may hesitate and if given the op iportunity kill the one hailing, to find out later that it was a policeman whom he shot and who had taken him f:r a lawbreaker. Such cases are known to have occurred, but they vould not have occurred had the of ficers been in uniform or worn the customary badge where it would have been in full view of the one he stop ped. If because of the smallness of the force it is deemed not necessary to uniform the police and equip them with clubs as in large cities an order should at least be promulgated and enforced compelling the members to always wear their stars on the out side of their coats, where all may see them and know the wearers to be po licemen. Such an order may be the means of preventing a recurrence of Wednesday night's lamentable affair. HE CUT THE SCALE. So far as Butte is concerned inter est in the late election shall not die. While in other communities the fact that men 'were voted for on the first Tuesday of the good month of No -ember, 1902, has become almost only a mere memory up at Butte they con tinue to whoop it up as lively as on the night preceding that event. The county commissioners are still count ing the votes and the courts are en gaged in trying to find out what there is really in the repeated charges that some impecunious fellows took advantage of the weakness for office of some of the good democrats and accepted their money in exchange for votes. At last accounts at least one witness stood unimpeached in his as. sertion that he had received the mu nificent sum of $3 for voting for a democratic candidate for the legis lature and that the candidate himself had paid the money. In view of the fact that votes have always been quoted at Butte as among the most valuable of personal property the admission of the bribe taker that he had sold out for so much below the ruling price caused Some of those who head him to doubt his statement. Cross-examination, how ever, saved the young man's reputa tion for veracity. It was ascertained that ignorance had led him to the commission of the folly of selling out too cheap. He had not been long enough in the place to become fa miliar with the market, and beside he came from the eastrl!where $3 is considerable money to be paid for such a" trifle as voting. Unless his confession places the fellow "where there are no votes he would do well to get a line on things the next time. Anything savoring of "scabbing" is not kindly received at Butte and he may find himself in trouble for cut ting the scale fixed by the union. A FRIGHTENED DEMOCRACY By gradual stages George.'red .Wil liams of Massachusetts has been quali fying himself for his latest political affiliations. He is now a pronounced socialist and claims that afte: th-, many years spent in darkness he has finally been rewarded by being per mitted to see the light. What Mr. Williams was originally no one seems to know, as he was nev er prominent, save, perhaps, in his own state, until the crown of thorns and cross of gold of the distinguished gentleman from Nebraska lured him to the front and thereafter he was heard of more or less in connection with the free silver fetich. He be casme the Massachusetts leader of the cult of 16 to 1 and retained that posi tion until the old time democrats took the reins in hand once more and he and the others who had been fqllow ing the Moses from the grasshopper state were forced to take seats in the body of the house. This thoroughly disgruntled him. He could not swal low the golden pill and as the line of demarcation between the creed of Bryan and that advocated by the long haired men who want some one else do the work and they reap the benefit is not in easy of distinction, he be came one of the latter and is now apparently happy. The party wito which Mr. Williams now trains cut quite a, figure in the election recently hn`ld in hia eta t and asn ho han 4aith in its continued growth he thinks that he may yet achieve the ambition of his life and hold an office. Commenting on the growth of so cialism in the country, the Bozeman Chronicle, a newspaper of the good, old fashioned democratic brand, malt ifests symptoms of alarm as regards the outlook for democracy, and it finds itself wondering what effect it may have in the next presidential election. It declares it to be a cer tainty that if socialism continues to grow in tho next two -ears as it has grown in the last two years it will be the controlling factor in the next result. "By this we mean." says the Chronicle, "that it will ins'ure the triumph of the republican part? be yond a peradventure." This is a confession hardly to be ex poetted from a newspaper so thorough ly sincere in its democracy as the Chronicle. It implies a wavering of faith that must be painful to those who have in the past been ralying upon that good paper for their inspir. alion in furtherance of the cause to which they have dedicated themselves. They are told in a round about way that there is no longer anythinig in the principles of the democratic par ty caluculated to keep those within the fold steadfast or to drar new members. It is a virtual admission that democracy has no longer eny thing to offer in the way of a political organization to those who would change the existing conditions and that its members are seeking solace and comfort in socialism. ILut it ad mits more: It is an admission of s.t.u:h rin the part " the r:,mubli cans that can only come by the nain tenance of correct pr-(':ip:es I"Id the al\vocacy of matters and polico:: that appeal to the earnest, patriotic men of the nation. This is made very evi dent by the acknow\ledgmr.un thlt so cialistm is drawing largely on the ranks of democracy for its rel ruits and incidentally, it is to b! suaim:osed also that not a few of the dissatisfied democrats are going over to the other enemy-the republican party. Regarded as it may, the c.onfes sion of the Chronicle is indicative of the feeling of insecurity that pos sesses many other good members of the democratic party beside the pa per making it and clearly shows whither matters ,politically are drift ing. AN IRREVERENT CUSS. In pleasing contrast to the lugubri ous wails and labored utterances o1 the other democratic newspapers of the state in their efforts to express the burden of sorrow under whici they have been laboring since the re cent election, is the airy persiflage oi the Standard whenever it takes oc casion to say anything on the subject Because of its philosophical light ness of heart and buoyancy of mind the Standard is accused by some of them of insincerity in itL confesbior of democracy. But it continues its irreverent course ard shows the ut most disregard fcr the grief and sor row of its mourning contemporaries Its latest violation r f the proplietie: in this respect must be taken as mean ing the Standards" utter unregeneracy With the most exquisite ccntempt for the tunereal gloom of those occupying seats on the bench cssi ved for the mourners it row remaiks that thilE democratic party of Montana was at tending a political kindergar ten in the late election and intimates that it dic not manifest ary unusual symptoms of intelligence or attii ode in its studies. In fa:t. it intimates rather plainly that the party did nothing tc warrant its friends to speck in any thing savoring of erthusiasm so fai as refers to the party's progress and that by the greatest sir.tch of the imagination it can not be accused uo partaking of anything that could be called infant prodigality of intellect Then, as if to mollify the feelings of those whom it may have hurt by its levity it reminds them that in Silver Bow county the party managed tc elect its candidate for coroner and a constable or two and winds up with an ill concealed "jolly" for all hands as though it had suddenly seen the shadow of the pondeious club which its ponderous contemporary at ButtE occasionally biings inta use for the Standard's benefit. But notwithstanding all that may be said to the contrary the Standard is right. STOCKMEN AND MERGER. Kansas City Journal: The most in Kansas City Journal: The most in teresting subject to be considered at the meeting of the National Live Stock association in Kansas City in January is the attitude that shall be taken by the association toward the expected packers' merger. Secretary Martin, who is here preparing for the meeting, believes the association will declare war on the merge,. The stock men, he says, see that their interest does not lie in the direction of a pack ing combination, but in exactly the op posite direction. They fear that, if the packers consciidate, producers as well as consumers of meat will soon be at their mercy. At the same time that they will dictate to the latter the prices which they must pay, they will dictate to the former the prices at which they must sell. Hlow seri ously the packers would abuse their strength Mr. Martin does not attempt to foretell; but he believes it is as much the interest of the stockmen as of the public to prevent, if possible, their getting a power which would be dangerous in the hands of men bent cn purely selfish ends. That the stockmen have good ground for fearing the results of a ._e' gr is clear enough. Much the greater part of the live stock pro-i duced in the United States goes to the packing houses. Heretofore the various packers have agreed on the prices for which they should sell their finished products, but it is believed there has never been any effective. understanding between them in re gard to buying. But if all the houses were under one management, that management could fix daily the price which it would pay for stock of the various kinds; and the producer or his agent, the commission merchant, would have no alternative but to sell at that price or not sell at all. Evi-' dently such an arrangement would not tend to gain either for the producer a better price than he gets now or for his agent a larger profit. The merger would probably also hurt the live stock interests in an other way. The packers already charge more for their products than they could if they competed freely with one another. Every raise of a price above the point it would reach if governed solely by the law of sup ply and demand tends to make con sumption of the particular product affected less than it would be under natural condidtions. This does not hurt the packers so much, because the high prices give them a larger per cent of profit than they would get it competition were free. But it does hurt the stock producer, because it reduces the demand for live stock, and makes him either sell what he raises for less than he otherwise would receive, or forces him to reduce his production. Of course, if the only object of the packers in merging their business was to cut down their ex penses, while they would gain con siderably by the change, neither stock men nor public would lose by it. But human nature is such that it is hard to conceive of men possessing with out abusing the enormous power they would have. If the National Live Stock associa tion does actively take 'the field against the meat combine, it will make some trouble. The association represents hundreds of thousands of stockmen and probably $1,000,000,000 in capital. If it wanted to, it could break any packing concern in the country simply by withdrawing its members' patronage from it, and it could enrich any concern by giving it even a small proportion of its mem bers' business. It is rather appalling to think what might happen if these two powerful antagonists-the pack ing and live stock interests-instead of going ahead and fighting out their differences, should unexpectedly reach some kind of agreement and combine against the public. Fortunately, the chances of such a combination are small. THE RANGE WAR. Omaha.Bee: Something should be done without unnecessary delay to put a stop to the range war that has been going on in the 'far west for years. In some of the states there has prevailed since last spring a con dition of Violence and disorder ex ceeding the record of any other year. Many homicides and the destruction of a vast amount of property have oc curred in Colorado, Wyoming, Idaho and Montana, but the evil eminence of leading in lawlessness is accord ed to Oregon. It is said that the Montana ranges are so far gone that cattle are too poor to ship and have a bad prospect for winter feed to carry them on to spring. The same is true of much of the Colorado range. Five mil lions of acres of the public range, it is estimated, have been made useless during the season and rendered unfit for grazing for many years, if not permanently. In reference to this the San Francisco Chronicle re marks that while our people com plain of high-priced meat and the grazers slaughter each other and de stroy property on the American range, rivals are rising north and south of us to take away the commerce which we are treating with indifference and sacrificing by inattention to the plain duty of protecting the wealth of the arid region by putting its use and preservation under the control of law. That paper urges that while we are doing this we are also nullifying the expected effects of the new federal policy of irrigation, since nine-tenths of the land that will be brought into action by irrigation will find its most profitable use in producing winter feed for stock. The matter is man. ifestly one which, from every practi. cal point of view, demands such treat. ment as will effectively remedy the destructive conditions that now pre vail. WORKS BOTH WAYS. Minneapolis Journal: Lady Henry Somerset, leader of the English tem p.rance movement, remarked just be fore she sailed for England last week that her chief surprise in America had been the general sobriety of the American people. She attributes to it "their greater alertness and en ergy." We are not so sober as we might be, but drunkenness does not xicst, at all in thin. country as it does in some. Very few of our drinkers are drunkards, and a majority of our people, probably, do not drink liquor at all. While strong drink does stupefy and benumb, it is probable that we do not drink because we are alert and energetic as much as that we are such because we do not drink. The man who drinks to excess, and sometimes the man who drinks even a little, cannot keep up with the man who doesn't. The pace of American life is too swift for the drinker. END OF BRYANISM. New York Sun: From an unseen, and remote crevice in the democratic wreck comes a voice that falters out: "The election returns indicate a di vided victory. They will be analyzed and discussed in next week's issue." Who cares? Who will read the Com moner now? There is no interest in the Bryan post-mortem. The patient tired everybody out in dying, and even his friends will clamor that he stay dea,. The voice borne to us now comes from the limbo of the political ly departed. Limbo is defined as "an indefinite border region in the inter mediate state, nearer hell or heaven according to the class of souls there awaiting judgment." Democratic tra dition will not consign Mr. Bryan to heaven-the party has suffered too much from his fidelity.. Mr. Bryan was holding on to the shred of his influence when, election day dawned. It has been torn from him by the sweep of republican ma jorities. He stumped Nebraska with the energy of a drummer trying to sell goods from his samples. Every crossroad heard his appeal. The echoes of his speeches intermingled as he went from place to place. He was as numerous as the locust (Calop tenus spretus) and as stridulous. Ne braska returns a republican' governor, and the republicans elect five out of the six congressmen. Fusion is un fused and populism laid low. Mr. Bryan invaded Ohio to hold up the hands of Circus Tom. The tent is down--blown flat by a republican cyclone. Mr. Bryan went over into Colorado to save the state where re publicans were as scarce as hen's teeth in 1896. Colorado responded by rejecting Teller, the noblest Ro man of them all-Teller, the martyr to silver, the apotheosis of a sacred cause. The mining states, save Ne vada, the pocket borough, wheel into the opposition line, and Mr. Bryan ceases to have a constituency. PARTY WILL WIN FOR HIM. C. C. Bever, Late Legislative Can didate, Talks at Helena. The republican legislative candidate in the county during the late cam paign, C. C. Bever, was at Helena a few days ago ir1dtýwhile there submit ted to an interview which is publish ed in the Record. That paper says: C. C. Bever of Billings, who will not know whether he is to sit in the next legislature until a special election is held to allow the people of Yellow stone to choose between him and S. FI. Morse, the democratic candidate, with whom he was tied, is at the Hel ena hotel. Mr. Bever did not come to Helena to learn what the governor is going to do in the matter of call ing a special election, but he will be here fbr the next few days on busi ness. He is evidently not worrying about the probable results. He thinks the republicans of Yellowstone county are strong enough to win the fight for him. "The official count has been made," he said last night, "but I have heard nothing from the capitol. If the gov ernor has concluded to call a special election, which I am informed he will be obliged to do under the law, I have received no information to that effect. I have been told that he has not been notified officially that there has been a failure to elect one of the can didates for the legislature from our county. What constitutes this of ficial 'notification I am at a loss to say, not being versed in the law." Mr. Bever thinks that the republi can legislature will make a splendid recoro tnis winter, as most or Uiuse who will sit in the assembly, he says, are men who know what is wanted in the state and wil lenact laws accord ingly. "Our interests," he said, "are prob ably more varied than those of any other state in the union, and it de volves upon the next legislature to keep this fact in mind in framing measures which will put the state in a way of enjoying greater prosper ity. "In the past, it appears to me, we have devoted much time to the inter ests of the mining districts, to the detriment of our other important in terests. It should be borne in mind that we can outdo every state in the west in cattle raising and in agri culture if we but watch carefully over these interests and do everything in our power to stimulate greater giowth. "Irrigation will make Montana a great agricultural state, and when the people in the east hegin to see the marvelous strides we are making in every direction we will not lack for an energetic and progressive popula tion to carry on the great work that has been done already in the state. "if I succeed in getting into the legislature I will do all in my power to advance the cattle and agricultural interests of the state as I think it is incumbent on us to give them as much attention as the mining indus' try." Miles on a Rock. Manila, Nov. 23.--The transport In galls, with General Miles on board, struck a reef entering the harbor of Legaspi, Albany, today, and is still aground. She is not in danger, how ever. The weather is calm and she is expected to float at high tide. Calling cards at Gazette office. St ckw ll's mploymenr StCokWell S Bureau. 36o7r Mont. Av 'Phone No. 89A. No Charge for Male Help. Help Wanted. Three ranch hands. Cook for restaurant; Red Lodge. Second cook, hotel; city. Tailor. Girls for general house work, city and ranch. Men for railroad construction, N. D.; ship every day. For Rent. Two room house, furnished; $10. Two room house. $8 per month. Bain wagon, 3½ size, $65. Three rooms, furnished, on ground door; $10 per month. Position Wanted. By young man to work for board and go to school.