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The Billings Gazette.
Gazette Printing Company, Publishers i B. H. BECKBR. Editor UNION LABEL Official County Paper. Subscription Rates. One year, in adance............$3.00 Six months .................... 1.50 Single copies................... .05 DAILY GAZETTE.' Per Year, by mail, in advance..55.00 I Per Month, by mail............. .50 Per Month, by carrier........... .50 Entered at the Billings Postoflfce as Seoond Class Matter. FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 28, 1902. STRENGTHENING HIS HANDS. Unwittingly it would seem that the trusts and mergers are placing some very effective weapons in the hands of the president and those wh3 are in sympathy with him in nis efforJ;s rto secure regulation of those concerns through the means of publicity com pelled by legislation. The Wall Street Journal announces the fact that the Burlington has decided to follow the example of the Great Northern and Northern Pacific companies and will discontinue its monthly publication of reports showing the company's net earnings. The stockholders will henceforth have to be content with an annual statement of the earnings of their holdings, instead of learning at reasonable intervals what their stock is doing for them in the way of pay ing on their investment. But the stockholders are not the only ones interested in the earnings of the road, or rather the vast system of roads controlled by the company. The pub lic, it would seem, has a right to be enlightened on the subject, as only through the imparting of the informa tion now withheld can the people form a reasonable estimate of the earnings of the company and therefrom deduct a fairly correct idea of the fairness of the carrying charges made with reference to the payment of interest on the invested capital. In adopting the new plan the Bur lington is only following the example set by the other merger roads and which is largely responsible for the enmity existing toward them by the people. It is this secrecy that is ob jected to and which is responsible in a large measure for the popular out cry against combines. The public feels that it has a right to know some thing c(oncerning the business of cor poration.: existing under p1ublie fran chies and because they will not volun tarily and freely impart this informa tion a demand has arisen that they be compilled to give it. Probably the merger.t hold that it is none of the people's business what they earn and what their profits are. but the people do not '.ook at it in that light. The: want to know whether they are sub mitted to abuse and wrong treatment under the special privileges the com bination- enjoy under their charters. The secrety the corporations main tain inl regard to their business can but be e, oductive of suspicion and fur ther stimulate the, hostility now felt ta~r. the m n.il increase the on000 lar denmand for enforced publicity as one of the most effective and yet reasonabile and proper methods of reg ulating them. By ccoupelling the combines and trusts t -: ibmit their business to the full light of public scrutiny their pow er for ., it will )be greally lessened and lh- ::-lits of the people in thia respect I .eportionately conserved. It is a realitation of this truth that hn: impelled President Roosevelt to take the stand he has for the necessity of legislative enactments compelling tihe corporalions to take the people into their confidence. The move in the opposite direction by the three great merger roads may be relied upon to be used by the president effectively in his war ,gainst the trusts, and a strong weapLo it Will prove in his abie and energetic hands. DELUSION AT ANACONDA. Probably ever since the first jury returned its verdict have the methods of reasoning employed in jury rooms and their resultant deductions as ex pressed in the returns occasionally rendered been the subjects of won derment And surprise to those who were not permitted to take part in the deliberations that preceded the findings. Exactly how twelve sup - posedly sane and intelligent men in their normal frame of mind can ar . rive at the conclusions that now and then startle a community is a ques - ::- t.too deep even for psychologist: S"'jA 4 te alienists throw up their hand. : t pecuignorance oif any knowl ,g fthe peculiar species of insan temporarily pos sesses men when locked up in a Jury c room. Of course, those "freak" ver dicts are often the results of com promises, but this does not explain the t manner in which those compromises or yieldings in opinions could be brought about. unitus it is on the I theory that fcr the time being there I was not a wholly sane man among the i dozen. No other explanation is pos sible. 1 Just now the people of Anaconda are discussing one of those peculiar manifestations of mental abberation on the part of a jury in that place. A man was tried for murder. There was plenty of the strongest kind of testimony to establish the fact that the accused did really kill the dead man. Even the defense, that is the lawyers on that side of the case, ad mitted the homocide. They couldn't well get around it. Overwhelmed with I the proof of the guilt of their client, they set up the old plea-insanity and brought expert gentlemen to swear that in their opinion the de fendant at the time of the killing was laboring under what they designated, as a "delusion of persecution." It seems that the killer had invent ed .or thought he had, a machine which in its peculiar field of applica tion was to revolutionize the world. He applied to the other man, who oc cupied an official positicn in one of the reduction works of the place, to install one of the machines and give it a practical test. The man applied to did not seem to entertain the same enthusiastic belief concerning the ef ficiency of the appliance as possess ed the inventor and he refused. As his word was final nothing remained for the inventor to do except kill the other man. This he did, going to the extent of buying a revolver for that express purpose and then to make sure that it was all right he took the weapon out into the country and did with the invention of another what his intended victim would not do with his-give it a thorough test, both as to accuracy and power of penetration. The trial apparently was satisfactory, for the fellow returned to town and then went where his "persecutor" was and fired an assortment of bullets in to his body, with the result that soon there was a dead man awaiting final disposition. All this was proved, and much more ,all the time duly bearing in mind the "delusion of persecution," which was brought to the front regu larly and earnestly by the defend ant's lawyers. It worked, that is the "delusion of persecution" did, but not to the limit of its power or purpose. The jury evidently had been impress ed with the idea sought to be con veyed by the attorneys for the de fendant, to an extent only. Instead of acquitting the fellow, after a struggle lasting fifty hours the jurors found him guilty of murder in the second degree and fixed his punishment at twelve years in the penitentiary, one year for each juror. The verdict imut be tal:-'n as. prov ing that the jury accepted the in sanity theory. otherwise it must have laon murder as charged, but by what process of reasoning the jurors ar rivcd at the conviction that the muan snoUilu ae pullsu cd at all is not so easily un derstood. If he was insane at the time he fired the shots that resulted in the death of the other il.mn he ccl tainly was not responsible for his ac tions and should have been discharg ed with a recommendation for his se questration, for the learned experts swore that 'delusion of persecution" was -.:t of thu most dangerous forms of insanity. If, on the other hand. they considered him sane then he should have bo:n found "guilty as charged," for there appeared to be no mitigating circumstances in connec Sion ,"ith the homocide. Very likely thie j,:'y thought that the man was :;t .: insane but that he could dif f, entiate between right and wrong • d still not sane enough to be pun i-ed to the extreme extent prescrib i by law for murder. So he was given the benefit of the doubt, the jury holding to the side of safety by di recting that he should be placed for a limited number of years where he could not again become dangerous to the community whenever he should be taken with another attack of "de lusion of persecution." But what the medical experts who testified at the trial would say about the jurors is not known. Much as all may applaud anything calculated to bring about lasting peace and a thorough understanding be tween the operators and miners in the an'h.an:ltue regions, yet, if the SWashi,;:'.l' cirL'esp)oni-wCnts are right. I ly informed it is to be regretted that the coommission appointed by Presi dent Roosevelt could not go a little 1 further into the details that it seem: were about to be brought to its at 1 tention when the operators suddenly r- found that after all they could prob s ably settle with the men without fur s ther aid from the commissioners. Th( I- correspondents say that the attorneys i- of the miners were prepared to la] ;- .before the commission and the publil evidence with regard to the coal roads combine that the magnates prefer should never be made known, par ticularly at this time, when the presi dent and congress are preparing to go gunning for trusts and mergers. In their decision to attempt a settle ment with the miners out of court it is claimed that the coal roads were greatly hastened by the pressure brought to bear upon them by other combines. Having more millions than he knows just what to do with, Thomas F. Walsh has concluded to do as some other western men who grew suddenly wealthy in mining-make a bid for a seat as senator from his state. Mr. Walsh ,although living at Washing ton, calls Colorado his home, where he recently sold a mine to some Eng lishmen, who are said to have paid him something like $17,000,000 for it. With a part of the money he is build ing a palace at the national capital as the first step toward a. realization of his new ambition. Figuring on the basis of the rates at which such hon. ors usually go in the mining states; Mr. Walsh thinks he can elect him. self senator and still have enough left to live comfortably and occasion ally entertain his friends. Undoubtedly Senator Stanton of Cascade county means well and is prompted only by the most worthy of motives, but for all that the republi cans of the forthcoming legislative as sembly will refuse to avail them selves of his kindly proffered use of the fellow-servant bill which be in troduced at the last session and which was defeated by the members of his party. The republicans are pledged to the enactment of such a law and may be relied upon to keep their pledge. Furthermore they will have no need for accepting Mr. Stanton's rejected bill. They have enough in telligence in their own ranks to draw up a measure of the kind needed to subserve the ends aimed at. The Rev. Mr. Sheldon having shown how Christ would edit a newspaper. is now preparing to give a sorking example of how his Master would manage a life insurance company. He is at the head of a movement, in Kan sas, of course, to organize such an in stitution and if successful the new concern will restrict policy holders to Chirstian people and total ab stainers, exclusively. The reverend gentleman has figured it out that such a company could afford to take risks at from one-tenth to one-twenti eth lower than the rates charged by the old line companies that accept men who drink. HIGH TIME TO ACT. Boston Transcript: For seventeen years the Interstate Commerce com mission has' been trying to provide for just and equitable railroad rates in the United States. Today the rate on anthracite coal from the coal re gions to Boston, a distance of 345 287 miles, is $3.25 per ton, or fret. 4 to 94 cents per! t.n p ti mile. ihe rate on bituminous coal from the bi tuminous" region to Jersey City, ;;46 388 miles, is $1.70 per ton, or from 41 to 49 cents per ton per mile. This is a striking illustration of the im pos.tance of effective governmental su pervision over freight rates, which, under recent decisions of the su preme court of the United States, the lnie.rstate Commerce commission is powerless to exercise. It would seem as though the time had come when the hands of the In terstate Commerce commission should no longer be tied. Representatives of various business bodies at the last session of congress advocated the passage of the Nelson-Corliss bill, and had it not been that the Elkins bill in the senate received more support from the eastern railway interests, it might have stood a chance of pass age. Before congress opens, how ever, for its coming short session a bill will be prepared which embodies the most essential features of both bills, and it is time that a concerted effort was made to secure its pass age. This revised Elkins bill is worthy of serious consideration, not only by the great mercantile and manufactur ing interests of the country, but by the railroads themselves, as affording them due protection. It allows the Interstate Commerce commission to have general jurisdiction over rates, but it legalizes pooling, and it pro vides that rates made by tih com i mission may be appealed to lth cir cuit court of the United Status. It is for the interest of the railroad com t panies themselves to have their joint traffic arrangements legalized, for rail, a roads do not care to be put in the po s sition of voluntary lawbreakers. The t- penalties provided in the law are y severe, but they ai - no monre severe - than they ought to be for the protec r- tion of the public. They are only suct e as will make the action of the com s mission effective, and are not intend Y ed to apply to any common carrier c which is trying to carry out the in ention of the law while looking out or the interests of its stockholders. It must be remembered, in any con ideration of the proposed legislation, hat it was the intent of the people of :he United States, in establishing the Interstate Commerce commission, to live that body power to control rail oad rates, and that the failure to do his was in the method of framing he law. It would appear to be the leneral conviction-except among :hose who have no good opinion of the law, because they ,ill feel its salter draw-that it is now time to zarry this intention into effect, andl the passage of the amended Elkins bill, it is believed, will remove the shackles from the hands of the com mission and give it that power which .t was intended to vest in it when the original act was framed. Seven teen years of patience ought to be re warded, in view of the manifest in equities of the rates. The single in stance of the coal extortions is but a sample. UNVERACIOUS EULOGY. Chicago Chronicle: Cynics have declared that tombstones are the greatest liars in the world. This is only another way of saying that the ancient maxim "Tell nothing save good of the dead" is respected every where. Humanity agrees that anger, malice and hatred should stop at the grave. Hence the gravestone recites only the virtues of him who sleeps be neath it and says nothing of his feel ings and weaknesses. It must be admitted, however, that in some cases charity is heavily drawn upon in the effort to find virtues to ascribe to the deceased, and it is this consideration, undoubtedly, which has influenced the clergymen of Hamil ton, 0., to declare by a unanimous vote that they will no longer preach fun eral sermons save in cases where they can conscientiously ascribe to the dead merits warranting eulogy. They decline any longer to compete with the tombstones in indiscriminate praise of people simply because those people are dead. There is something to be said for this attitude of the Ohio clergymen. A philopher once put the case thus: A, dead rascal is no more admirable than a live rascal save that he is incap able of further rascality. Why, there fore, should he be eulogized? This statement of the proposition appears logical and it no doubt ap peals with particular force to clergy men, who, from their very profession, may be supposed to deprecate any de parture from the truth even in defer ence to the tradition "De mortuis nil nisi bonum." Whatever license in elegaic mat ters may be permitted to tombstones or- even to m:n:l not in holy orders, it must be conceded that silence is after all the highest charity which may rea sonably be expected of a preacher. The clerics of Hamilton, 0.. have done wisely and seemingly in resolv ing to leave post mortem eulogies o1 doubtful veracity to the tombstones Heaven lies about us in our infancy but the clergymen cannot afford tc lie about us, when we are dead. Th( storied urn must do that. A PROBLEM IN SANITATION. Omaha Bee: if the United States ^n^ ',. s the Panamoe canal not the least difficult of the problems to be lealt with is that of sanitation. This t;e French company paid very little attention to and the mortality among those it employed on the canal was very great. Of course our govern ment would give the most careful and thorough attention to the sanitary question and it would be found no easy task to rid that region of the sources of the numerous diseases that render it one of the mo.t unhealthful places in this hemisphere. A report made to the secretary of the navy by Medical Inspector Simons notes the many diseases that prevail on the isthmus and says that the task of sanitary policing the route of the Panama canal will be no light under taking. At present the towns of Colon and Panama are in a wretched condition and Dr. Simons recommends that our government obtain control of a strip at least three miles wide on each side of the canal and including Colon and Panama and the lesser towns along the route, in order to carry out necessary sanitary improve tnents. He says the acclimated men now there should be employed to do the cleaning. Perhaps the problem on the isthmus, however, will be no more difficult than was presented in Cuba, which was so successfully handled that the island is now com paratively free from the diseases that formerly prevailed there. Equally successful have been the sanitary operations at Manila, which was in, very bad condition when the Ameri cans went there. These experiences will help materially in dealing with the construction of the Panama canal. There is no cough medicine so pop ular as Foley's Honey and Tar. It contains no opiates or poisons and never falls to cure. Sold by Holses Q Rrinn AFRICA'S MAD MOLLAH Influence Wielded by England's Foe In Somaliland. OHiEF OF FANATIO MOSLEM HORDES How He Utilized a Warship's Search lights to Give His Followers Some Evidence of His So Called Miraeu lous Power - Difllecutles of Cam paigning Against the Somalis. The Mad Mollah, against whom an other punitive expedition of British troops is about to be started in Somali land, in northeast Africa, has long been an object of suspicion by the war of fice, says the London correspondent of the New York World. Hie and his fol lowers have opposed the development of the interior of Somaliland and have constantly stirred up strife by raiding and looting tribes which were under British protection. Early last spring he raided tribes within eighteen miles of Burao, and this despite the presence of a British garrison, which was pow erless to effect anything against the mollah's rapidly moving force. General Manning arrived at Aden a few days ago and at once began to rush trained troops to Somaliland. It is believed that Mad Mollah has a force of from 12,000 to 15.000 men, many of whom are well armed and mounted. The British cannot prompt ly put anything like as large a force as that in the field, but expect to send there a brigade (3,000 or 4,000 men) of troops from India. The mollah has been preaching the jehad or holy war and has thus gained a considerable following of Moslems crazed with religious fervor. By his preaching he has gained such an in fluence over the tribesmen that he was proclaimed mahdi by the Mussulmans and immediately started a Mohamme dan uprising. Numerous "mad" mollahs have 'been heard from in the last decade, the most prominent one hitherto being a warrior in Afghanistan. A mollah is a Mohammedan priest or prophet, and a particularly fanatical one easily ac quires the title of "mad" mollah. The Mad Mollah operating in Somaliland is known to his followers as Haji Mu hammad Abdullah and belongs to the Habr Sueliman Ogaden tribe. He mar ried into the Dolbahanta All Gheri, among whom he now lives at Kob Fardod. a village inhabited by mol lahs, a day's march east of Kerritt and about 170 miles from Berbera, So maliland. He is a man in the prime of life, dark colored, tall and tliin, and has a small goat's beard. He has made several pilgrimages to Mecca, and while there attached himself to the sect of Muhammad Salih. whose dep uty he claims to be in Somaliland. This mollah is of humble origin, but gifted with considerable intelligence and cunning. He claims to have been comnend.oled to preach lthe Jehad thlrough a divine inspiration. During the time he was inciting his followers to rebellion against the British author ity they demanided of him some evi dence of hisc miraculous power. IHay ing the night before seen a warship flashi'ng its searchlights, he summnoned his followers to the beach at night, and. fortunately for him, tile warship flashed its searchlights over the shore, illumiaiting the country for a great distance. The mollah at once pro claimed it as testimony sent direct by Mohammed from Mecca. This so impressed the tribesmen that they will follow the mollah blindly anywhere. II. has distributed among his follow'ers pi !h c(olloreld rice. which he has assured them so long as they fight in the holy war will render their persons and horses invulnerable against the bullets of the infidels. He is a past master in intrigue, and by prom ises and gifts and by :arranging.mar riages between his followers and other tribes he hus' gained a considerable" following. I rst.. ,~at on~a w-h~il.I. uv~ill annfro~nt any large force organized by General Manning will be by no means incon siderable. There is no definite ob jective. The mollah and his followers have no fixed place of abode, but usual ly live in'the villages of tribes, they have raided. Much of the mollah's wealth consists of herds of camels and flocks of sheep and goats, and it is the idea of striking and destroying these that the expedition will have in mind. Army officers believe the mol lah and his followers will always be found near the grazing grounds of these herds. Before any effective work can be done the force must cross a strip of waterless desert known as the Haud, 200 miles in breadth. Except at the coast, no food supplies other. than meat can be obtained. The only method of transportation for supplies, ammuni tion, military stores, etc., is by camel, involving a climb from the coast to a vast inland plateau songe 6,000 feet above the sea level. The Somali is endowed with wonder ful powers of endurance, resembling in some respects a camel. Hie can make forced marches of thirty or forty miles a day, carrying his pack, without fear of breaking down, and this after being deprived two days of water. The Somali pony resembles his master in this respect. lie can go forty or fifty miles a day, reqdires only to be grazed at night on what lie can pick up and can do without water for three or four days. The Somali natives on the march of seventy miles start with but four pounds of dates per man and a quart of water. That is their ration. On a longer march they take two pounds of dates and a pint of water for each day. NEW CHRYSANTHEMUMS. Uncle Sam's Exhibition Coniprises Many Beautiful Speclmenn. The chrysanthemum show at the de partment of agriculture in Washing ton is proving a steady attraction, and will continue open every day except Sunday from now till Nov. 10. The new varieties most admired are the Mrs. Phillipe Roger, an immense flow. er, and the Pennsylvania, a remarka bly pure and rich yellow, exceedingly prolific in blooms on the single plant, says the New York Times. Honesty, a new candidate for admiration, comes from Europe. There is a pretty new Japanese seedling of blended white and pink. Black Hawk, said to be President Roosevelt's choice, is a small, dark red, nearly black. Belle of Castlewood ap pears in prolific white, compact blooms. One of the finest specimens is the white and sprangling Mrs. John M. Wilson, which was raised from a seed ling in the propagating garden nine years ago. The President McKinley is a beautiful flower of gold and crimson. The white varieties are numerous and beautiful. One that has attracted considerable attention is of silvery white and is called the William Jen nings Bryan. A remarkably beautiful flower is Mrs. L. F. Button. Another is the Mrs. Henry Robinson, which is large and ball shaped. The Mrs. George F. Baer, a very pretty chrysanthemum, is named after the wife of the presi dent of the Philadelphia and Reading railroad. The yellow blooms are very attrac tive. Among the prettiest of those is the Colonel D. Appleton. The O. P. Bassett and the Mrs. Gordon Dexter, in the same class, have conime in for more than ordinary attention. A flower that is greatly admired is the Mrs. Perrine, named for the mother of Mrs. Grover Cleveland. It is a fine speci men in a pleasing shade of pink. The Casco is a heavy, rich, red flower, and Sunrise is an all gold and brick red specimen, the latter color showing on the reverse side of the petals. The Mrs. J. F. Tranter is one of the largest blooms in the large collection. The President W. R. Smith, a beauti ful specimen, was named after W. R. Smith of the botanic garden when he was president of the American Floral association. TROPHIES FORWHITE HOUSE Superb Collection of Big Game Heads to Adorn Library Walls. President Roosevelt's interest in the big game animals of America is re sponsible for one of the most interest ing features of the decorations of the new White House, says the New York American. This consists of what in .many respects is the most striking col lection of animal heads to be f6und in the United States. These will be placed on the Walls of the library. Though only eleven species of ani mals are In the collection, each of the heads is believed to be the largest and most superbly mounted one of its kind in existence. D)espite the fact that the president lhas been an indefatigable hunter of game lnone of his many tro phies hais a lpl;,(e ill tl,, collection. This is due to the fact that when he suggested that the collection he made he insisted that each head should be the best of its kind that could be ob tained. In the collection is the head of an immense bison which was killed by In -lians twenty years ago, the hlead of an Alaska mo0se w:ith an antler spread of seven feet. an ellt having a horn cir cle .of eleven feet and with seven points to tech1 h0orn, two Alaska cari bou, a bighorn sheep, a mountain lion,. a silver tipped grizzly bear, a white Alaskan sheep and a Kadiack island bea r. The collection was made at the pres idenit's reilquet Iy a New York physi ciln and represents an expenditure of more than $5.000.. Plan to Res.torie Whittler's ilonie. The Whitler il,otiestand at II\aver hill, Mass., which was damaged by tire recently, is to be restored on exactly the old lines, says a Boston special to the New York Times. The ancient fur niture and china of the Whittier fam ily, much of it antedating the birth of the poet, are safe, wvith not an article brokent The desk of his grandfather, on which Whittier wrote his first verses--lnd, as it happens, also the last poem he ever wrote-will go back to the old corner where it stood two generations, and perhaps three, before his birth. The greatest care will be taken to have everything restored in exactly thle fashion of the olden time. Novelty For Lounging Rooms. The newest wall treatment for loung ing or smoking rooms is in the Japa nese fashion of split bamboo. Not only can this be applied in all sorts of in dividual and unique ways-diagonally, in paneling, figures, etc.-but it has the increased advantage of being easy to keep clean. After tihe Coal Strike. D'ye hear that rattlin' in the cellar? Jim's a-shovelin' on the coal. D'ye hear that roarin' up the chimney? The heater's goin'! Bless my soul! Sounds so strange, yet so familiar, I can scarce believe it's true. Come here, children; hold your hands here; Feel it comin' up the flue? Gracious me, it makes one happy! Bring your chairs and sit around. Feels just like it did last winter; Sounds just like it used to sound; Same old rosy. cozy corner, Same old warm and grisly rug. Same old cradle over yonder; Same dear baby just as snug. Jane, you sit there by the table; Tomn, come sit on mother's knee; t John, go out and get the apples; Hurry; see how long Jyou'll be. Rob, run down. bring up your daddy; Tell him that his pipe is filled; Tell him that his chair is ready • And that old Jack Frost is killed! -P. Q. Lear in Philadelphia Record.