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The Billings (xGazette.
Gazette Printing Company, Publisher E. H. BECKER. Editor Officiai County Paper. Subscription Rates. One year, in adance............$3.0 Six months............... ...... 1.5 Single copies.................... .0 DAILY GAZETTE. Per Year, by mail, in advance..$5.0 Per Month, by mail.............. .5 Per Month, by carrier...........5' iEntered at the Billings Postofiece as Seeoni Class Matter. TUESDAY, DECEMBER 2, 1902. Still, it is a long time before thi next congress is organized and "Unch Joe" Cannon may not be the onl] man who has seen something he want ed very much almost within his grasp only to elude him and go to some one else. The Cubans ,especially those whc have been on a strike at Havana, have not forgotten that Senor Gomez is . fighter and that when he says he i likely to do something by whict somebody may get hurt he means it The effective and prompt manner it which a few words from him ended the strike at Havana shows this. Some of the trusts are beginning tc find out that notwithstanding they have managed to secure all but a monopoly in their lines of production the competition afforded by those of the producers still acting independent ly is great enough to compel them to make reductions in the prices of their wares. The steel trust, the type trust and several others are among those who have made the discovery. The Gazette hopes that the pe-p all over this broad and generous land bad the same cause of thankfulness yesterday to a beneficent providence as those of the city and county in 'which it is printed. If the possession of prosperity, good government and an abundance of all the material things of life are to be considered as blessings, then, indeed, have the peo. ple of Billings and Yellowstone coun ty been amply blessed during the year now preparing for its exit into eternity. Had he not at one time owned a trotting animal that bore the initials of his name, it is probable that J. I. Case, whose approaching death has been telegraphed, would have gone to his end with not much more than a handful of persons knowing what his inventive genius accomplished for the benefit of the farmer and his son who less than a lifetime ago were compelled to swing a flail and thresh their grain on the hard floor of a granery. The fact that he 'invented a threshing machine that I ssened the labors of thousands is overshadowed by the fact that he owned a horse known as Jay Eye See. But this is a peculiarity of the present genera tion. Th operators having with drawn their own offer of compromise it now only remains to be seen whetil er the Washington correspondents were right when they said that if per mitted to go ahead the investigation by the commission would result in revelations that would make the coal kings and some of the trusts and combines wish that they had never been c:eated. Evidently the corre spondents were misled or the opera tors are relying on their ability to bluff themselves out of a tight place: At all events, the people' will no\ probably find out more about the sit uatioh existing there than they would have been permitted to know had the proposed conference and settlement at Washington really been effected. It is probably because of the com pany in which it would find itself were division made an actuality that the Missoulian takes its pen in hand to enter a protest against the proposi tion. Were it not for the very ob stacles of which it speaks, the Mis soulian would arouse from its slum bers some morning to find itself no longer in the same state as the cities on this side of the main range for which it professes to entertain so high a regard. While the division scheme may be no more than what the Mis eoulian characterizes it-"a splendid phantom"-it is a spectre that many 4n this part of the state still hope some day see develop into a real 1 Although dwelling in peace and mity, as the Missoultan says, some the cqunties and cities are still the opinion that they could get t mwanner much .more satis i..t° themselves were they per . eutloose from, the old home t osopne of their own. While there seems to be a consid erable difference of opinion among the newspapers of the state concern ing the advisibility of continuing the sale of state lands, about all are agreed that the board of land ccm mission is s :: :id .nur cease leasini those In: das vvA ne-.'r possible. They think the commissioners can afford tc take chances on finding some satis factory manner of investing the mon ey derived from the leases, or that at all events they can trust to the leg islature to come to their rescue by framing a law which will enable them to put the money to some use more profitable than the narrow limit o: investment to which they are now con fined. It is a peculiar condition, that which impels retirement from a mon ey making business simply because no ready avenue for the investment of that money appears at hand. "TOM" OCHITREE. By the passing of Colonel Thomas Ochiltree a decidedly picturesque per sonage is removed from American life. His career was as varied as it was unique and one' that could have been possible in no other land save his own. While not really great him self, he was privileged to associate with greatness and because of his personality was much sought by those who believe in making life cheerful and pleasant. He was a famous story teller and because of his ready wit and talent as a recounter found a wel come wherever he went. A true son of bohemia, he was as much at home when in the society of titled nobility of foreign countries as when in the company of some congenial spirits in his own. Once he served as con gressman from Texas and under Gen eral Grant filled the office of United States marshal in the same state and was a close friend of the general. Al though a lawyer, he took an occasion al turn at other lines of business and at one time was the publisher of a newspaper. Because of his friendship for Ochiltree the late John W. Mackey' the bonanza king, placed him in a po sition where he did not want for the good things of life that he knew so well how to enjoy and the "Redhead ed Rooster of the Rio Grande" died surrounded by all the comforts and luxuries of a wealthy man. THE WEATHER QUESTION. At first glance the order of the weather bureau discontinuing tne transmission of forecasts to this city may be regarded by many as unim portant and not worthy of considera tion. But for all that it is really im portant, especially to the stockmen. Because of the excellent system of telephonic communication which the city has with the surrounding coun try in every direction it has been an easy matter to take advantage of the forecasts and to warn the people in distant parts whenever a storm of more than ordinary severity was pre dicted. By this means it is believed that losses to stock have been pre vented that otherwise would assuredly have occurred. While the service was maintained uit little heed was paid to it, but since nulletins are no longer ipostedu many who hitherto have seemingly been ignorant of the fact that such informa tion was given out have been heard to express themselves in a way that leaves no doubt as to the manner in which they have regarded the service. The suggestion has been madte that steps should be taken not only to have the bulletins forwarded again, but to petition the agricultural department o install a regular station at this point in charge of a paid member of he weather bureau so that the full imit of the benefits of the service night be obtained. No matter how he weather man may have been re garded in years gone by, the eificiency vhich now marks his department of Lie government and the reliability of A:t- information he gives have caused Am to occupy a different position in lie public mind than formerly. The people have learned that while not always infalible, the number of truth ul forecasts he makes largely out weighs those wherein he misses. This s evidenced by the way in which his predictions are acted upon at seaports and other shipping centers by the nariners. If it is proper that sailors should be warned of approaching storms, it is equally right that the nan who has herds on the prairies should be notified of impending storms, especially during the in clement months of winter when such orewarnings may enable him to make provisions to save himself from heavy loss. IS HARDLY FAIR. Those ministers of the gospel and the editors who have already array ed themselves against the candidacy of Apostle Reed Smoot seem to over look the fact that in the United States the church and government are di vorced. The mere fact that he sub scribes to a form of religion o which they cannot give their support beo cause of its plainly human origin can not be considered as a valid argumeht against permitting him to be seate in case of his election to the senate He denies that he is a polygamist an, the ministerial association of Sal Lake admits that he is content wit] the lawful number of wives and ii other ways deports himself as a gool and loyal citizen should. If such i the case it is hard to be seen why hi belief that Josehp Smith was reall; a prophet of the Lord and that Brig ham Young was truly inspired shouli be permitted to weigh against him sa far as his civil rights are concerned It cannot be said against him as wa: said against Roberts that he is livini in open defiance of the laws of the land which as a senator he must swea: to uphold and protect. He is acknowl edgedly a monogamist, while Robert, was and still is a polygamist. Ther, is where they differ. So long as men conform to its laws the United States must take its chances and receive them into its lawmaking bodies, provided, always of course, that they are citizens anc in other ways qualified. No distinc tions should be made because of the religious beliefs that those aspirin for office may entertain. THE TRUE SPIRIT. Not the least pleasing of the Thanksgiving aftermath are the many instances afforded which show the great progress making all over the land in 'the direction of greater re ligious tolerance. When such in stances occur as the one at Spring field, 0., where the members of a Congregational society, whose own house of worship had been destroyed by fire, met with the members of a Jewish congregation and in their syna. gogue joined them in a service of thanksgiving and praise to a common Father, it evidences as nothing else well could that in the matter of re ligion as well as in other things are the American people daily growing more liberal and becoming more ful ly imbued with the true spirit which should dominate those who accept the doctrine that teaches the brotherhood of man. While probably not one of that congregation of mixed worship pers would yield to the other in his devotion to his particular creed or admit that his worship was less ac ceptable to the Being to whom to pay homage they were assembled, and while by assembling as they did the one was not less othodox in his be lief than the other, yet both recogniz ed the great truth that both were children of the same Heavenly Father and each respected the sincerity of his neighbor. It is said that both congregations read responsively from the Hebrew prayer book and sang from the Congregational hymnal. A more striking or greater proof of the tread of the zeitgeist toward greater tolerance in all things cannot well be afforded than this picture of Jew and Gentile mingling as one body of worshippers, reading from one pray er book and singing songs of praise erom one hymnal. But little behind in this respect was the union service held at Detroit, where in a public place men and wo men of the Catholic, Hebraic and va rious denominations of the Prostestant church met in a public place and par ticipated in ceremonies expressive of the love and gratitude to a Divino Creator all felt. It is to be hoped that instances of the kind mentioned may become corn moner and of greater frequency, for in no better manner can the different churches strengthen their hold on those whom they would serve than by showing that while they may differ in matters of form and detail, all are based on the fundamental principles. ,f charity and love and that all have for their mission the salvation of man and the exaltation of the One Fathcr who is the creator of all. For after all, the differences, or supposed :lifferences that mark the various re ligious beliefs are but slight in them selves, while the results sought to be obtained are the same. JUST LIKE HIM. It is safe to say that the letter of President Roosevelt to the gentleman from Charleston in reply to the ob jection made by him to the appoint ment of a negro to a public office of responsibility and importance sur prised no one. Had it been otherwise than it was then there would have been ground for surprise and disap pointment. The stand taken by the president is both honorable and hon est, and truly American. Ability. probity and all other essentials being equal it would be manifestly wrong for the president to permit himself to be swayed by the question of color in the matter of an appointment to office. While pretending to desire tle elevation and advancement of the ne gro, men of the kind as the one to whom President Roosevelt address ed himself, would close against him every door of hope, every avenue leading to that very goal for the at tainment of which they pretend a de sire to assist him. By reason of their numbers and in recognition of those among them of marked ability and fitness are the negroes of the south ern states entitled to some consider ation by the president. But furthe discussion of the matter would be use less. Everybody knows Theodore Roosevelt not to be the .sort of mar who will permit race prejudice ti stand between himself and what he considers to be right and what he re gards as a performance of duty. The last of the football games o the year having been played it is t, ýe hoped that the young gentlemer whose fathers are striving to givi ;hem the benefits afforded by attend ince at the various institutions ol earning will not be offended if they are reminded of the real purpose foi ,hich they are there. THE "GRANDFATHER CLAUSE." St. Paul Dispatch: Following the enad of Louisiana those southern states which have remodeled their onstitution to give legal sanction tc he illegal methods of excluding the )lack voter, have all inserted a pro riso, termed the "grandfather clause,' ehich exempts from educational. test reterans of the Civil war and their lescendants, a dodge intended to re ain the vote of the illiterate whites. [he validity of this proviso, when ;uaged by the federal constitution, is o be tested. A negro in Alabama rought action against the election fficers who denied him the right to ast his ballot, before Judge Jones, vhose appointment, on the recom aendation of Booker Washington, aused so much comment. Instead of .awdling along with a trial, Judge ones at once certified the question to he supreme court. In Virginia, a sim lar action is brought. There can be no question that the upreme court will sustain the right f a state to prescribe qualifications or voters and to make education one f them. There should be as little oubt that it will also hold that there an be no distinction among citzens 1 applying the restriction. Even if it hould be held that service in the rmy might be so exceptional a ser ice as to entitle those serving to ex eption from the rule of uniformity, till to extend that exemption to their escendants is so palpable an eva ion as to lose in that aspect its gro asqueness. Divine justice may visit ne sins of the fathers upon the chil ren for- generations, but even the uissance of legislatures and consti itional conventions cannot visit the irtues of the fathers upon genera ions of their descenrants. LONG HARBORED MIFF. Springfield Republican: It is a pic turesque announcement that diplo matic relations between Greece and Persia are about to be resumed after an interval of non-intercourse extend ing over 2,393 years. The last diplo matic relations between the two pow ers, it is said, was when Darius, in 491 B. C.. sent heralds to Athens to demand thire submission of the Greeks to Persia. The immortal defense of the pass at Thermopylae by Leonidas against the Persian host was in 4.0 B. C. The sending of heralds to Athens by Darius was not equivalent to the modern conception of continued liplomatic intercourse, but the epi dode perhaps will serve in the way it is now used in order to connect the 'ersia and Greece of today with their mighty predecessors of the ancient world. If the two countries were em bodied somehow in spirit and had kept their faculties all these years they might now sit down and have an interesting talk over their experiences since the (lays of Darius, Xerxes and Alexander. AMERICA THE ENCHANTED. Minneapolis Journal: Hon. Lud wig Max Goldberger, royal privy coun rillor of commerce and member of the Imperial German Consulative Board -or Commercial Measures, has prepar ad a series of articles under the title fo "The Land of Unbounded Possibil ties." which will be republished by the United States treasury bureau of statistics. In the article Mr. Gold berger, our German observer, speaks )f the United States as an enchanted garden of marvelously productive soil, from which have been brought forth the splendid results of human Ingenuity. The thing that causes most wonder, he says, is that the con centrated intelligence which, intend ing to replace human factors by ma hinery, has, in working toward its iim, given to constantly growing num bers of workmen an opportunity to upport themselves and become pro luctive factors. The joy at the size if their own land, he says, encourages each individual. It makes him com municative and friendly to foreigners who are seeking information. It seems as if every one were filled with he idea: "The stranger shall see iow great and strong America is." Here are some calculations which hr. Goidberger has figured out show ng the relative importance of the United States in the world's work. 'he inhabitants of the United States neluding Porto Rico, Hawaii and the -hilippine Islands, number about 88, 000,000. This is about 5 per cent of the world's total inhabitants, accord" ing to its highest estimate. This 5 per cent of the world's population has at present taken possession of about 25 per cent of all the cultivated area of the earth, namely, 407,400,000 acres out of 1,629,300,000 acres. Of the world's wheat crop for the five years, 1896 to 1900, the United States produced 20.7 per cent and in 1901 25 per cent. Of the world's corn crop for the six years, 1895 to 1900, inclusive, the Unit ed States produced 75 per cent. For the years 1896 to 1900 the Unit ed States produced 25 per cent of the oats crop of the world. Of the iron ore output of the world, the United States produced in 1901 39.3 per cent; in 1900, 42 per cent of the world's product of steel. Our 5 per cent of population of the world produces 55 per cent of all the world's copper. Of the world's output of lead, the United States produced in 1900 29.6 per cent. Of quicksilver, our product is 33 per cent of the entire world's supply. In the production of gold and sil ver for the years 1900 and 1901 the share of the United States was 31 per cent of the former and 33 per cent of the latter. MOST UNIQUE TRUST YET. Cleveland Leader: The trust move ment has taken a new turn out in Minnesota, where the saloonkeepers of two adjoining towns have pooled their interests. Just like the big trusts, this little combination is de signed to cut down operating ex penses and increase the profits. There were formerly six saloons in the two towns. The proprietors got together and concluded that two sa loons could supply all the liquid re freshments required by the people one in each town. Four of the sa loons are, therefore, to be closed. It is estimated that two thousand dol lars will be saved, to begin with, in licenses. There will also be - --. ing in rent, light and fuel. Then the six saloonkeepers will take turns about in working, and the services of bartenders will be dispensed with. The men in the trust figure that they will sell just as much liquor in the two saloons as they formerly sold in the six, and the profits of each will be larger. The only way in which this trust differs from the big indus trial combinations is in the fact that there is no "rakeoff" for a promoter and no watered stock to be sold to un suspecting investors. Now, however, since the saloon keepers have formed a trusts and have ^oncluded that two saloons can do the business of six, the temperance people of those towns should form an apposition trust on the supposition chat if two saloons are better than ;ix, no saloons would be better than :wo. and wipe out what are left. That vould be a new and interesting phase if the trust question. MUST TAKE HEED. New York Commercial Advertiser: It is reasonable to suppose that when the present congress assembles it will be in a chastened frame of mind, and will be prepared to act in accordance with the clearly defined wishes of the country. These are for conservative legislation of the kind mapped out by the president. While the elections -how that the people are not in favor of the Bryan way of dealing with the trusts, they by no means show that the people are .opposed to all trust legislation whatever. They have sim ply taken the president's word for it that he will do what is wise and just in the matter, and they will look to congress to carry his views into ef fect. In other words, the result of yesterday in the country at large is a Roosevelt victory, a vote of unshak en confidence in him, and the repub lican majority in congress cannot be so obtuse as not to perceive it. THE PUBLIC LANDS. Minneapolie Journal: The annual report of the secretary of the interior shows that of the original public land area of 1,809,530,840 acres, 893,995, 476 acres remained undisposed of, 151,161,638 remain as reserves and 746,422,726 have been disposed of. It will be seen from these figures that more than 1,000,000,000 acres of land still remain as reserves or unappro priated. Most of this land lies in mountainous or arid regions, but prob ably 120,000,000 acres of the arid lands can be irrigated, much of the mountainous land is valuable for its timber and irrigation will give value to much arid land that cannot itself be watered. It should be the purpose of the gov ernment and of congress and the spec ial duty of western members to see that what is left of the public lands shall be conserved in every possible way for the benefit of the masses of the people instead of a few individ uals or corporations. The secretary makes it very plain that the plan to withdraw large areas of the public land from settlement and lease them to cattle raisers is inimical to the best interests of the country. It is a difficult task to say just what land cannot be used by the small rancher and what is fit only for grazing. To withdraw the areas the cattlemen wish to lease is sure to put an end to the taking of govern ment homesteads within the limits of the United States proper. In this very region there were filed last year 53,654 original homestead entries and 27,904 final homestead entries, aggre gating an area of 12,000,000 acres, If 80,000 persons have recently found desirable homes in this grazing coun try there is no telling how many more will find them in the 525,000, 000 acres that remain. Right under our eyes here in the northwest we are seeing thousands of settlers pushing into North Dakota and taking up land far west of the 101st meridian, with very fair prospects of "making good." In Montana it is well known that there are many millions of acres of bench lands, on which cereals can be raised without irigation. Then again the grazing lease scheme, by cutting off the disposal of public lands in the arid and semi-arid states, would put an end to the fund from which it is proposed to draw for the expenses of turning water on to those public lands which only re quire water to be as fruitful or more fruitful than any other lands in the republic. The better way is to let the cattle man range his herds un the public domain, taking his chances that the land he occupies will not be covetoed and holmesteaded by the rancher and leave the latter free to take possession whenever he feels like it. The secretary takes strong ground not only in favor of holding the land for the people, but also the timber. He wants to introduce a system of care and protection for all timber on unreserved public lands, and the land commission recommends the abolition of the stone-and-timber method of dis posing of public lands. Henceforth every care should be taken to see that government land passes only to actual settlers and risers and that it shall afford no foot hold for monopolies and great cor corporations. HOCH DER HAIMERICH! St. Louis Globe-Democrat: It is now said that the man after whom America was named was a German, and his name was Haimerich, Italian ized into Amerigo. We never fancied being discovered or named by a Latin. We always imagined him sailing up and down our shore in a banana cart. But Haimerich is a different proposi tion. We are kindly disposed toward ilim. We know that the hold of his ship was stock2rd not with spaghetti, but with pretzels and our favorite brew. Uhconsciously we have : along rendered homage to Haimerich. Unknowingly we have built monu ments to him in our breweries. This ..scovery explains our seeming preju [ice against the Latins. Now we bear them no ill will, but they must cease to taunt uis with the fact that our continent is named for them. This is Haimerieha. Nicht wahr? Then let the mans be changed. Hoch grosse Haimerich! AN OBJECT LESSON. Philadelphia Press: The Philippine government has lost over $1,000,000 in a comparatively short time owing to the fiuctation in the price of sil ver. Perhaps they senate will now consent to abolish the absurd silver standard. The losses of the govern ment are a mere bagatelle as compar ed to those of producers and traders. EDWARD SMITH A FREE MAN. Second Trial of Alleged Street Car Hold-up Ends. Helena, Nov. 30.-After two hard fought trials within two weeks on the charge of highway robbery, Edward A. Smith is now a free man. It took the second jury, which heard the case before Judge Henry C. Smith of the district court, less than an hour and a half to arrive at a verdict of not guilty this afternoon. When the ver dict was read Smith leaned back in his chair and smiled. In some respects the two trials dif fer from any other of the criminal cases in the county. The defendant was made to don the garb of a high wayman and to face the jury with a pair of large revolvers. This was to show the impossibility of such identi fication as that given by some of the witnesses for the state. This rather spectacular proceeding was gone through at each of the trials. He Found a Cure. R. H. Foster, 318 S. 2d Street, Salt Lake City, writes: "I have been bothered with dyspepsia or indiges tion for 21 years, have tried many doctors without relief, but I have found a cure in Herbine. I recom mend it to all my friends, who are afflicted that way, and it is curing them, too. 50c at Holmes & Rixon's.