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The Billings Gazette.
Gazette Printing Company, Publishers B. H. BECKER. Editor Official County Paper. Subscription Rates. One year, in adance............ $3.00 Six months...................... 1.50 Single copies ..................... 05 DAILY GAZETTE. Per Year, by mail, in advance..$5.00 Per Month, by mail............. .50 Per Month, by carrier.......... .50 antere.i at the Billings Postoffce as Second Class Matter. TUESDAY, DECEMBER 16, 1902. THE SPECIAL ELECTION. By reason of a wide difference of opinion among the republicans of the county at the polls on election day last month the people .are called upon to. decide a legislative contest by means of a special election to be held a week from tomorrow. Through the action of the two political commit tees of the county the same candi dates who were before the voters at the general election are again placed before the electorate for thir deci sion as to which party shall have the honor of a representative in the low er house at the forthcoming meeting of the legislature. The vote at the general election held in November shows that with the full vote of the county represented at the polls the republicans have the advantage of at least 250. At the special election it must be expected that not over two-thirds of the vote of the county will be polled and that the falling off of the vote will in all probability operate more heavily against the republican than the party in opposition. The republican strength lies mainly in the country districts and it is there where the party will fall off the more heavily at the special election. Concerning the respective mer its of the two candidates be fore the people for the special election there is little that has not already been discussed in the party press and from the rostrum, save the fact that Mr. Bever possibly attempted to run his last campaign upon a plan which offended a large number of old line republicans who imagined, at any rate, that they had a right to be consulted upon a matter of so vital concern to republican suc cess. It is intimated that the same mode of procedure which told so heavily against Mr. Bever at the No vember polls will not be resorted to at the special election and that a policy of concilliation will be adopted by Mr. Bever and his political man agers. On the other hand all is not sercne in the democratic camp. Mr. Morse, who is again opposing Mr. Bever, is said to have the opposition of some powerful forces within the party and it is generally understood that the opposition comes from the followcrs of a Silver Bow county leader in the person of Mr. Heinze. The demo crats have troubles of their own and they appear at this time to be far more serious than those which have been injected into the riepul)ican camp. The issues between the two oppos ing caundidates are well and sharply defined for the approaching election. The voters have a duty to perform and The Gazette trusts that as many as possibly can attend the polls and exercise the rights of citizenship and vote fori that interest which will best serve the well being of the county in the halls of the state legislature. BECOMES INTERESTING. The news that has come from South America during the last few days, particularly that part of it relating to affairs in Venezuela, is of a nature calculated to arouse more than the usual amount of interest taken by the people of this nation in the passing events concerning their fiery and mer curial neighbors to the south. As long as the cable told only of im pending ultimatums from European powers feeling themselves aggrieved at the Venezuelans and gave more or less connected accounts of the progress of the revolution down that way the newspaper readers, or the most of them, merely read the head yines and gave no further thought to the subject. Now, however, when we are told that ultimatums have been succeeded by armored ships and that Instead of firing official communica tions at the nominal president of the l:: eged republic the Germans and 1 English have trained their guns on him and by force taken possession of I bhi fleet things become a trifle more I serlbus and our interest grows. While I We m.al care nothing as to the quarrel t between the three or the causes that led up to it, we have a care for the preservation of something that while intangibile as it-may appear to others possesses for us nevertheless a con crete tangibility and for the uphold ing of whk h .e ::ae on several oc casions signi. ':A our wilingness to fight. The doctrine promulgated by good ,old President Monroe has lost not a whit of its popularity since the day it was first given to the world. As a matter of fact it is more popular now than ever with us and anything that may be construed into an infrac 0 tion of it is likely to be resented 5 promptly and effectively. To define with exactness and pre cision that doctrine no doubt is a task more or less difficult, especially 0 where so many attempt its definition D and so many minds give it different meaning. As seemingly construed by the present national administration no violation of that doctrine is committed so long as no actual and permanent oc cupation of territory on American soil not now under foreign control is at tempted by a foreign power. Accept ing this definition as proper and cor rect it is apparent that though even f the Germans and British have seized Castro's navy and by duress shall at tempt to collect the customs payable at the different ports of Venezuela ' until their claims are paid, the Mon I roe doctrine has not been violated in essence, no matter how we may re gard the spirit of the seizures and - confiscations. t It may be well contended that it I is not necessary for one' power to seize and hold territory belonging to another to enable the first to exercise over it the powers of suzerainty. With the squadron of a nation for the mo ment offended at another blockading I the ports of the offending one and by force collecting its customs and ap 1 propriating them to its use it may be said that the one undergoing the humiliation is for the time being at I least a dependency of the other. Then other complications are likely to arise t that may give the situation an even 1 more serious aspect. If in the present instance Castro should carry out his declared intention of declaring free I trade to all the nations of the world Y and thereby defeat the object of the a two powers that are now menacing t him, something much more far reach ing in its effects may occur than any thing as yet attempted by them. Find ing themselves thwarted in one di. e rection they would probably seek re t dress in another and before we knew e it the Monroe doctrine would be in i, volved more seriously and dangerous y ly than ever before. a The question as it exists and the e possible future contingencies likely o to grow out of it are matters of seri d ous import to the people of the Unit r ed States. Fortunately we have able and patriotic men at the head of our e affairs and they may be relied upon o to do that which is right and proper )- to conserve the interests, material o and sentimental, of the nation. Once a before it became necessary for this d nation to call a halt when a foreign I- power attempted to gain a foothold on the territory that we have forbid e lden to the powers across the sea and e. it may become necessary to do it once is more. All are awaiting for the op e portunity for a favorable pretext to d do that which they are told not to do. ic Only an entering wedge is desired by s them to force an opening. They should te not be permitted to start that wedge. o- Too much of a material interest is Id at stake to allow any of the European tr powers to gain dominancy over even ,e the most insignificant little country n to thIe south. We as well as they must look out for the future and s- jealously guard the field which in ly time will be so valuable a one to us. n.I RESTRICT IMMIGRATION. it is possible that the ship and rail ,ay companies may succeed in tde S·.iving some of the members of con ;less by their pretended desire to as ..-st the employers of the United :.ates to secure labor, but it is not probable. Their motives are too ap parent. The time has come when prudence and justice should advise a check. to unrestricted immigration, es pecially in view of the undesirability of the class of immigration that is now coming to these shores and has been pouring in during the last few years. So long as the bulk of the im migrants came from the northern countries of Europe it was proper that a welcome should be extended to them. They came as home makers, as tillers of the soil and speedily de veloped into a class of citizens de sirable in every respect. But the im migrants of the present are different. They are represenative of a civiliza tion but little removed from barbar ism and their acquisition can in no wise be considered as one beneficial to the land of their adoption. On the contrary they constitute a menace, a threat to well organized conditions in the communities that may be so un fortunate as to become their place of abode. Illiterate and accustomed to poverty, they are thrown into com petition with the more intelligent and better paid workingmen whose ambi tions and aspirations are distinctively American and in the unequal strug gle the latter are bound to suffer and through and with them the great body of wage earners to whose prosperity the country really owes its greatness and actual wealth. Unless the flood of Huns, Slavs, Italians and others of a like kind of peoples is stopped the fortuitous and happy conditions which .now mark the existence of the great army of toilers will speedily change and the high level of the American workingman will be brought to the low plane of the wage earner of the older countries. There may be, as the agents of the steamship and railroad lines contend, a scarcity of men in some portions of the country, but to overcome this it is not necessary that the United States should continue to be made a dumping ground for the illiterate, the pauperized and the scum generally of the lowest 'class of Europeans. Like the Mongolians they cannot and will not assimilate with the great body of Americans. Centuries of poverty and struggles with adverse circumstances and other centuries of tyrannical gov ernment have left their impress upon them and their influence is bad. In stead of, scattering and distributing themselves over large areas of coun try, as did the immigrants from northern Europe in former years and thereby contribute to the growth and development of the country by giv ing their services where needed, they choose to remain in the large cities of the east, in communities already over stocked with the commoner class of labor and increase the number of idle and often the vicious. It is only by retaining the educational qualifica tion and other salient features of the pending immigration bill, to which the steamship companies object, that it may be hoped to secure relief from conditions already so serious as to be deemed worthy of the consideration of congress. Self preservation demands effective legislation, regardless of the selfish attitude of those who may be fur ther enrichened by the yearly trans portation of hundreds of thousands of illiterates that they would dump onto American soil. Even though others may regard the i action of the Germans' and English in , capturing and destroying the Vene- t zuelan warships as only a part of the e "peaceful blockade" those powers e have established down that way, it is very evident that President Castro does not view it in the same light. t He feels justified to consider that 2 under the law of nations the act was r one of war and is preparing to do the s best he can on land, should the in- t vaders attempt to go further. No t matter what may be said concerning his judgment, his pluck is none the less commendable. It is not every- 1 body who has the courage to face t two antagonists at once ,especially r when either one is twice the size of t the one attaclked. It is to be hoped that the democrats of Silver Dow will refrain long enough from using their guns until the courts 1 have passed upon the petition for aT recount which one of their number 1 has made. But why party loytlty should suddenly attain so low an ebb that it should make any difference what the name of the man is who has been declared elected so long as he is noI a reuTl,icrn is hard to under stand at this end of the line. Time was when things were different in this respect, when all were willing to yield any personal advantages that may be supposed to exist in a loyal and unselfish endeavor to defeat the commoiln enemy. Irresistable as his music may be in causing nickios to pass from pockets into the slots of Reginas, when Mas cagni attempts to perform the real t thing with genuine I)ago fiddlers and wind jammers it seems to lose its charms. It may he a sad commentary on the American taste, but hoe fact remains that the maestro is meeting with a decided "frost" in the cities of the east and is accompanied from place to place by a deputy sheriff waiting to attach the box receipts, whenever there are any. While congress may by vote au thorize the president to tender this nation's good offices in the way of offering to act as mediator between Germany and England on one side and Venezuela on the other, that should not be accepted as signifying that the president will avail himself of the authorization. That event did not occur so long ago that recollection has ceased of what followed a similar offer by this nation at the time the British and Boers were having their little diversion. After hearing the testimony brought out at Scranton during the last few days Providence may see fit to re vise its list of the "Christian gentle men' into whose keeping it has en trusted some of the coal mines of Pennsylvania for the benefit of the less favored ones. If Messrs. Markle & Co. were on the original roll the chances are that their names have been*erased by this time. While young Mr. Mackay no doubt was serious when he said that he de sired no greater reward for his part in stretching the new cable across the Pacific than that contained in the glory of the monument it would be to his father, he will probably not decline to accept a proper share of the profits from the expected tolls. It is seldom that fillial regard is so well repaid as it promises to be in the case of this most excellent and dutiful son. The Pennsylvania, peddler who sold chunks of black stone and colored brick for the real article evidently secured possession of a carload of the stuff that some of the coal com panies ship to Billings. The only difference seems to be that the Penn sylvanians objected and raised a row over the matter, while the people here have grown accustomed to the thing and say nothing. It may be only another move in the maneuvers of the fleet in the Carib bean, but it looks significant when such rush orders are given to vessels at home undergoing repairs as were received by the Texas. Evidently the gentlemen at Washington have arriv ed at the conclusion that a few more ships to the south would not be out of place just about now. While the situation in Rosebud county has not attained the stage of British-German-Venezuelan acuteness, if report is to be relied upon a "peace ful blockade" is maintained there just the same and the guns, while probably not so large, are loaded with other ammunition than that used for mere saluting purposes. All the same, President Baer has cause of gratitude at the more recent developments brought out at Scranton. Markle & Co. now occupy the place in the public mind that erstwhile was reserved for him, although at the probalble loss to him of the reputation of being the meanest man in the United States. The announcement of an intended visit to these shores by the Castel lanes was probably followed by an immediate tightening of certain purse strings in New York and the institu tion of precautions against an undue extension of nether limbs in at least one family. However, social life at Washing ton has not proved so enervating that Admiral Dewey is not able to give an exact imitation of Manila bay, should the occasion arise for a lit tle performance from him down along the South American coast. The esteemed Record and Miner having aired their views and given their opinions, the legislature may now be depended upon to do some thing in the way of voting an appro priation for a Montana -exhibit at the St. Louis fair. The fact that General Coxcy can lose diamonds as big as the dough nuts his mother used to make must b1e accepted as tolerably strong evi .dence that even "apparent' prosper ity is not such a. bad thing after all. Still; it would be interesting. don'tcher know, to see what England wocl:l do were it to be so incautious as to risk another war with someone even approximately its own size. Montana railroads continue to wreck coal trains with the same aban don as before the great strike. Pros perity seemingly has turned their heads. At last accounts not a sheep owner in Montana had been heard to raise his voice against the possibilities of the wool market next season. SAILORS' RIGHTS ABUSED. Baltimore American: In strange contrast with the praise of the coun try for the men behind the guns is the report that United States sailors are made to work at digging canals in swamps in Culebra, to the great danger of their health, if not their lives. This is not the sort of service which the people expect from the men of the navy. They are too much needed in their proper place to be en dangered in tropical swamps at hard labor not contemplated in their con tract with Uncle Sam and which would be severe for unacclimated con victs. THINK OF THE WAIT. Washington Post: The fact that President Palma's official compensa tion is larger than that of the presi dent of the United States seems to worry some of the Cubans. But think of how long the gentleman was wait ing for the job. THE SOUTH LEARNING. Atlanta Journal: A portrait of Lin coln is to be hung beside that of Lee in Mississippi's "Hall of Fame." The south is learning much more rapidly than the north that greatness is not confined by geographical lines, nor creeds nor political principles. SUGAR TRUST'CONTROLS. Minneapolis Journal: The recent sharp advance in the price of sugar learves little room for doubt that the American sugar Refining company has obtained absolute control of the sugar situation in this country; that the promised competition of the beet sugar people has been effectually done away with. This outcome is not surprising. The sugar ti'ust is quite able to force the American beet sugar makers to terms whenever it sees fit to do so and control the sit- F uation. In view of this fact, what becomes of the theory that American beet sugar should be protected by high rates of duty against Cuban im ports? The probabilities are that the Cuban imports handled by the sugar trust would not affect the price to the consumer one way or the other, but the control of the situation by the sugar. trust leaves no room for oppo sition to Cuban reciprocity on the v ground of protecting our American b sugar interests. They ki6 evidently e controlled completely by the sugar t trust and have no service to render c the public which the public is bound s to consider in treating the Cuban c question. EVIDENCE OF PROSPERITY. f St. Louis Globe-Democrat: Presi dent Roosevelt is unquestionably cor rect in assuming that the great in crease in the. postal revenues of the country is an evidence of business prosperity. The postal department's receipts il the fiscal year which end ed on June 30, 1902, were $122,000,000, I an increase of more than $10,000,000 I over the preceding year. This was a larger gain than had ever before been made in a twelvemonth. When gen eral trade is active the postal receipts of the country always go up, and vice versa. The country is enjoying in this republican era the best days which it has ever seen, and it knows this, and testified its appreciation for it by the big majority which it gave I the republican party in the recent election. PROSPERITY IN PORTO RICO. Philadelphia Record: American troops were greeted in Porto Rico by t brass bands and mayors with the keys i of their cities and delegations of cit izens with addresses of thanks to their deliverers. After a few months, with no particular change in the condition of the island, the affections of our fel low citizens grew cold. Then there was a tidal wave and loss of the cof fee crop, and bad business, and the American conquerors were denounced as the authors of the island's misfor- I tunes. Now the tidal wave has been forgotten, a free United States market for sugar and tobacco makes the is land prosperous, and the Porto Ricans are reported to be extremely proud of their relation to the United States. DELIVERANCE OF A SOLOMON. Indianapolis Journal: It has been decided by a Maine justice that since a man and his wife are legally one the wife cannot he accused of theft - when she abstracts money from his pocket in the silence of the night; that is. a person cannot steal from himself, This decision opens vast possibilities in Maine households, but I the situation will vary according to individual cases and be dependent upon whether the husband or the wife is the "one." LOOKS THAT WAY. Chicago News: Some of the Euro pean powers think the British lion's paw would be just the thing to rake chestnuts in the shape of South Amer ican coaling stations and naval bases out of the Venezuelan fire. BATTLE IN A BELFRY. Students of Ripon College Fought Over Piece of Bunting. Ripon, Wis., Dec. 14.-The police was called on yesterday to disperse a crowd of college studenst who were engaged in a hand-to-hand combat in the belfry of the Congregational church for the possession of a small piece of red bunting with the gold figures "06" on it, which was waving from the base of the cross on the lofty spire, about 150 feet above the ground. The ba'iner was placed on the steeple by a daring freshman, who climbed up the lightning rod. The sophomores tried to get up the steeple to remove the flag and a fierce battle ensued in the belfry, which last ed until the arrival of the police. SELECTS GRISCOM. President Names Him for Minister to Japan. Washington, Dec. 14.-The presi dent selected Lloyd Griscom, Jr., to be minister to Japan, succeeding Minister Buck, deceased; also selected Rich mond Pearson of North Carolina, the present consul at Teheran, to succeed Griscom as minister to Persia. Pear son was formerly a congressman from Ohio. RUN DOWN BY AN' ICE WAGON ANGRY MOB THREATENS TWO CHICAGO TEAMSTERS. POLICE. SAVED THE DRIVERS And They Are Taken to Station in Patrol Wagon-Their Victim in Hospital. Chicago,, Dec. 14.-Shouting for re venge and brandishing canes and um brellas, hundreds of perestrains join ed with policemen in pursuit of two teamsters who had run down and seri ously injured Miss Augusta Duer, a* stenographer. The men were soon overtaken and surrounded by an angry mob. The police were forced to draw their clubs to protect the prisoners from the volence of the throng, and even after the men were placed in a patrol wagon scores of persons fol lowed them to the door of the Harri son street station. Miss Duer is 32 years old. At 5 o'clock she finished her work and started out to purchase Christmas presents. Her movements were im peded by the bundles she carried, and as she crossed Wabash avenue, going west on Washington street, she did not notice the ice wagon, which was rapidly approaching from the north. According to witnesses, the men on the vehicle were lashing their horses. Pedestrians scattered in all directions to escape, but Miss Duer was unable to reach a place of safety. She was knocked down and trampled by the horses, and then the heavy wheels passed over her body. While the chase was in progress Miss Duer was carried into the Mar shall Field building and attended by a physician. Later she was taken to the Augustana hospital. Her left leg is severely crushed and she is suffer ing from internal injuries, which it is feared will result fatally. WITHOUT LOCOMOTIVES. New System of Railway Travel to Be Inaugurated in France. New York, Dec. 14.-A dispatch from Paris by way of London to the Times describes a new system of railway traveling soon to be intro duced in France. A train consisting of three "automobile" carriages is to leave Paris for Dijon on January 18. It will travel 62 miles an hour. The carriages will take 40 passengers each, as well as luggage, and a lava tory and a bar will be provided. Under the system employed a small quantity of petroleum converts a small amount of water into the great est propeling power, the steam act ing directly on the wheels. Thus lo comotives are superseded, and each carriage is independent. The initial cost of the carriage, com plete, is equal to that of one of the present corridor cars, which, however, are not convertible to the new system. It is stated that a speed of 62 miles an hour can be maintained for the whole distance from Paris to Nice. HAD OPPOSED STRIKE. But President Mitchell Favored One Later in the Year. Scranton. Pa., Dec. 13.-President Mitchell, of the United Mine Workers, was again a witness today before the strike commission. He was examined by James Torrey ,counsel of the Dele ware & Hudson company. Mr. Torrey tried to place the re sponsibility for the strike on Presi dent Mitchell. The witness said he opposed the strike at the time it was inaugurated, but favored one later in the year. Counsel for the independent opera tors asked Mr. Mitchell if the opera tors made a contract with the miners in which there was a clause providing for non-interference with non-union men, whether the union would enforce the clause. Mr. Mitchell said: "So long as we have no contracts or joint conferences we are not will ing to tell in advance what we will agree to." Stockwell's =ur"a" "' 2607½ Mont. Av 'Phone No. 89A. No Charge for Male Help. Help Wanted. Painter. Waitress for hotel, city. Girls for general house work, city and ranch. Position Wanted. By man and wife; capable of fill ing any position in city or on ranch. Good references.