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Be illin s Gazette.
'Gazette Printing Company, Publishera E. n. BECKER. Editor Official County Paper. Subscription Rates. One year, in adance............. 3.0a Six months..................... 1.. 5 Single copies................... .0. DAILY GAZETTE. Per Year, by mail, in advance.. 5.00 Per Month, by mail............. .50 Per Month, by carrier.......... .50 Entered at the Billings Postoffice as Second Class Matter. FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 13, 1903. So far as Yellowstone county is concerned gambling may be classed among the "closed" incidents. As vindications go in Montana Judge Harney should be satisfied and abide by the decision of the judiciary committee. It is now in o'der for a motion to revise the record. The committee was in error in its comments convey ing an intimation of probable slight grounds for complaint. When it comes to exhibiting stay ing qualities the woman's suffrage bill is in the same class with a popu. lar prima donna. The number of times it has been "killed and "effect ually disposed of" is only equaled by the frequency of a Patti's "retire ment" and "farewell" tour. The refusal of Bryan to attend that banquet should not discourage its pro-. moters. There is "Hinky Dink" and "Bathhouse John." Both of them have good appetites and as spectacu lar features of the occasion might be relied upon to be fully equal to any thing that could be expected from the man from Nebraska. In appropriating money for an in vestigation into the charges that gam bling has been permitted in some of the communities of the state the leg islature lays itself open to the sus picion that it is willing to play the state's money on a sure thing. At all events its members cannot deny that they refuse to trust their own eyes and demand corroborative testimony of the acuteness of their vision. Still, should his ambition continue in the same groove popular rumor now says it follows the distinguished senator from Gallatin may be reason ably certain of three votes two years hence when it comes to electing a successor to Mr. Gibson, no matter how some others may go that have to be reckoned with as among the things to come. He evidently did not sign the majority report without a thought of the future. "The dignity of labor" forms the leading editorial of a recent issue of an esteemed contemporary and in it the writer uses all his power of argu meat to prove that labor, whether of the manual or mental kind, is really and truly dignified. All will agree with him, but there are many who are of the opinion that if labor could be made a little less hard at times it would still not suffer in dignity and those performing it would be just as well satisfied. There is joy at Helena and legis Slative minds are free and happy onc.e more. Assurance has been given by the Northern Pacific that at their ec piraticon the ninety-day passes are to be taken up and in their place those of the good, old sort are to be issued, those of the kind that the legislators of Montana have come to regard as one of the enolumnents of their high and honorable office and possession of which has become a right which is not to be abridged or violated at the whim of a suspioious general pas seager agent or the caprice of a gen eral manager or president. What may be regarded by some as a "freak" bill has been introduced in :: the legislature of Washington, but w, hich cannot be said to be entirely devoid of merit. It proposes that is ordinary cases at law the number o; jurors shall be four instead of the usual twelve and that the vote o1 three out of the .four shall be suf 'ileat to constitute t binding verdict, "Whatever may be said against the popreed innovation, it cannot be ,ga ..lPid that it would resilt in a p arked reduction of the costs of liti Wi:i oo. and that in a majority of in $-. the judgment of three men is asu 8 pod as that of&.a gren~ter num -It oeatanly would make the of lawsuits much leee cumber; ,and emnepllcabsd than at present. THE NATION'S MARTYR. Although it has not yet been made - na.iLtal holiday by any act of con gress, February 12 is annually more and more honored by its observanc( as a proper day on which to give man ifestation to pa-riotic impulse and foi rekindling anew th,1 fires of patriot ism in the breasts of all loyal citizen: of the republic. What until a shori time ago was a day to be observec by only a few has become one of the days on which a reunited nation loves to assemble and pay tributes of re spect and veneration to *the memory of the man who made the reunior possible. From standing as the parti san representative of one section, Lin coln has ,been elevated to the pedestal of national affection and veneration, until today his memory is regarded with the same feeling of admiration and love in the southland, against whom he directeed the armies of the north, as in the land where shines the polar s.ar and whence marched the armies that conquered and over came those in rebellion. He is no longer remembered a's the tyrant and oppressor, epithets applied to him while in life by those to whom he was opposed, but as the patriot, the wise man, the preserver of the nation and to whose foresight, patriotism and unselfish love of country all are in debted for the place among the na tions of the earth we now so proudly occupy. His heart bleeding for the wounds he was forced to inflict and with the sadness and sorrow of the parent that feels compelled to im pose the punishment necessary to cor rect and reform the wayward child, he was the first to bind those wounds and the first to speak gently and kindly to the one that had been the object of his parental displeasure and by word and deed gave proof of the great love he bore the people who had borne arms against the government he had sworn to defend and perpetu ate. The time has come when the south realizes its errors and feels that the silent, sad man who caused the crushing blow to be struck that so humbled its pride was ,after all, its truest friend and that what he did was from an impulse as noble as ever animated any breast and from a de sire as lofty as ever filled the mind of a patriot. Tonight, both north and south will vie with each other in paying tribute to his memory and garlands of beauti ful words, breathing patriotism and devotion, will be woven and laid on his grave, the offerings of a common country, a people happy and free and glorying in the power, might and destiny of the nation he preserved. Next to that of Washington, no name in history is cherished more fondly or respected and loved more sincerely by all Americans than that of Lincoln, the statesman, patriot, liberator, martyr. As future genera tions shall arise and the old give way to the new that love and admiration will increase and Washington and Lincoln will be the proudest inherit ances of a loyal, liberty loving mighty people whose deeds shall glorify the earth and whose valiant accomplishments on the field of bat tie shall be no more glorious than its achievements in the gentle paths of peace, for they will ever have the memory of those great ones, renown ed in war and famous in peace, tc guide them and prompt them to the commission of all deeds that make a nation truly great and give it might in every direction of national effort. WELL WORTH INVESTIGATING. The lower house of the legislature has acquired the investigating habit and it is a peculiar sort of a day that one of its members does not want something looked into by a special committee appointed for that purpose. Having investigated almost every thing else, the house now proposes to make an inquiry into the manner in which the state arid land commission has been doing business and how it expended sums of money entrusted to its care and in amount sufficient to make their expenditure a matter of concern to the people. Tolman of Car bon county is the instigator and the commitee for which he called is charg ed with making epecial examination of the acts of the commission as they relate to the "amount of about $30, 000, received by David A. Cory and Donald Bradford, members of said arid land commission, from A. Worm ser, the purpose for which said mon ey was received and for what expend' ed, the legal authority for such ex penditures and the names of all per sons to whom such amount or any per tion thereof was paid out, and the date of payment" In order that the committee might do its work thoroughly and that all the facts be known the governor was requested by resolution to submit to the senate all the reports that have been made to him by the commission, The reports were forthcoming and foz the first time probably they have been seen by others than the executive. From them it was learned how the commission had obtained the $30,00, from Mr. Wormser, but the manner in which the money was expended does not seem to be clear at first glance, except that a large amount of it went for expenses that it is said were need lessly incurred. The district in which Mr. Wormser figures is known as No. 2, and through his efforts a com pany had been organized to irrigate a considerable area of land. The commission wanted the canal and water rights owned and controlled by the company and issued bonds to the amount of $100,000 to secure them. Whether this was a good investment others may judge for themselves, but i4 is said that the ditch irrigated about 800 acres and is only eight miles in length, so a surveyor claims, although the commission says it is thirteen miles long, and it carries from 300 to 00 miners' inches of water. Those pretending to be com petent to pass judgment allege that the ditch could be constructed for less than $10,000, notwithstanding that $100,000 bonds were issued for it. Wanting to issue more bonds and not being able to do it on the land the Wormser ditch would irrigate, the commission extended the district by taking in 42,000 acres of other land, thirty or forty miles away and on the other side of the Yellowstone river and .which it is said cannot be reach ed by the $100,000 ditch. To help out matters Mr. Wormser undertook to contract for the extension of the sys tem and for 'the construction of an other ditch, this to reclaim the addi tional 42,000 acres of laind. He was required by the commission to give a large bond for the fulfillment of his contract and he arranged with a bond ing company to go his surety, for which'he was obliged to pay a pr'emi um of $1,000. In addition he was also required to deposit $30,000 In cash with the surety company to in demnitfy it against loss. The com mission heard of this and wanted to get the $30,000. To' get it the mem bers called on Mr. Wormser to cancel his arrangement with the surety com pany and deposit the $30,000 cash with the commission, the latter agree ing to accept his personal bond' in stead of that of the surety company. Although he lost the $1,000 premium, Mr. Wormser consented and the com mission offered him a credit of about $5,000, which he had previously ad vanced to it. He next gave his per sonal check for $25,000, which :the commission insisted should be made payable to the secretary, instead of to the state treasurer, as it had been originally drawn. That seems to have been the end of it. The commission has done nothing in the way of improving or extending the canal it bought for the bonds, neither has it done anything in the way of reclaiming the additional 42, 000 acres of land, except to make a survey, the cost of which it is claim ed did not exceed $2,000. The report of the disbursements for the district show tliat $10,075 was paid for sur veys and expenses, the biggest single item. The commission also seems to have been generous with itself in the way of 'allowing its expenses, as that is placed at $5,740. Those there are that say the prop erty for which $100,000 in bonds and something like $25,000 in cash was paid for would not bring to exceed $10,000. It is these things that Mr. Tolman wants to have investigated and if the showing made on the face of the re ports is correct it would seem that at last the house has really found some thing that should be subjected to a searching investigation. The Butte Miner reads a lecture to the republican house of the leg islature and declares that instead of undertaking to make an investigation into the charge that gambling is per mitted in the state the house should give itself to the task of passing leg islation having a "tendency to dis courage the conduct of officers who see fit to tolerate gambling and other crimes, for a portion of the proceeds." Why this should be demanded from a newspaper whose party enacted the law which the legislature has been told is being systematically and reg ularly violated is hard to understand. The very law that is said to be abused carries such provisions with it and why another should be needed only the Miner can tell. Beside, the law is of democratic origin and enact ment and consequently should be flawless. There does not seem to be any lack of law. The whole trouble appears to be that it is not respected and this is the matter that the house intends to look into. The democratic members of the sen ate apportionment committee tin doubtedly were iaware of Senator Brennan's political complexion at the time of his appointment and now to make the claim that he is too much a partisan to suit their purpose is offering a poor excuse for his removal as chairman. They could hardly ex pect that the fact of his being made chairman would induce him to beun true to his party and. do the biddings of democrats whenever asked to stultify himself. A PE1CULIAR PLATFORM. This is about the time when men obscure and unknown in the political world, save probably within the con fines of their own communities, under take to gain prominence and have their names coupled with those of well known men or with party move ments, for it is getting near the pe riod when discussion of platforms is regarded as proper and timely. Men of that sort are not confined to any one state or party. They are in all parties and in all communities and states and for a brief period they have the satisfaction of seeing -their names in print and possibly their ideas discussed, and their vanity is satisfied. One of these is Stephen M. Spark man, a representative from Florida. Of course, he is a democrat, and just now a screed by himself, is making the rounds of the newspapers in the west made conspicuous by the fre quency with which appears in their columns the line, "Copyright, 1903, W. R. Hearst." As a platform build er Mr. Sparkman claims to be a little better than a novice and will full confidence in their worth he submits plans and specifications for such a structure and urges their adoption by the democrats when next they meet in national convention. Like all good democrats who have entered what appears to be a com petitive contest of platform construc tion he takes the tariff as the basis of the structure he would rear, super imposed by the trusts. He holds the one responsible for the existence of the other, notwithstanding that his tory records it that trusts obtained during the halcyon days of the Wil son bill and Cleveland's Cobden club ideas. There should be no uncer tainty in the platform declarations of the democratic party, either as to tariff or as to monopolies. "They should," he says, "be in line with its well known attitude in the past upon these questions." Having provided in a general sort of way for the superstructure, Mr. Sparkman applies himself to the more difficult and delicate task of prepar ing specifications necessary for its completion. As his premises he as serts with the force of an axiom that "under our present economic and in dustrial system there is an undoubt ed relationship between the prevail ing tariff system and the trusts." Arguing from this basis he says: "Therefore, in addition to the gen eral demand for a return to the demo cratic theory of a revenue tariff, there should be a specific and urgent demand for the immediate revision of the tariff wherever the duties now imposed furnish shelter to monopolies. The platform should demand, not only the removal of this tariff shelter as a means of trust disestablishment, but it should demand the enactment of adequate prohibitory legislation, both for the purpose of dissolution through the . coprts of these illegal combinations, and punishing those who are guilty of participation in its violation. But all trusts and monop olies are not fed and supported by the tariff. There are combinations of capital 'that have become, by rea son of their control of the markets. practical monopolies which may not be illegal organizations, or capable of being reached by any pro'ibitory or penal laws congress may consti tutionally pass or that it would be wise under our dual system of govern ment to enact. These combinations are no less harmful and inimical to the public welfare than monopolies resulting from illegal organizations. Our platforni should demand that this class of combinations be brought un der government supervision and con trol." In his next plank the distinguished advocate of free trade and disciple of Cleveland gets mixed and apparent ly forgets what he has said in the pre ceding one. Only a few linee back, it will be remembered, he makes a demand for government supervision and control of the illegal combina tions he declares have an existence, thanks to the republican tariff. Still a little further back he asserts with all the forcibleness of his hot, south ern nature that there are some com binations that "may not be reached by any prohibitory or penal laws that congress may constitutionally pass." Forgetful of his demand for gov ernmental control and his admission of belief in the inability of congress to enact any constitutional measure that would be effective, all made in the same breath, he says that "gov ernment control is not the proper remedy for illegal oombinatiolms and conspiracies." The remedy he pre scribes is "dissolution, extermination and punishment, in addition to the removal of the inducements and temptations found in our tariff scedules." If this is not a clear case of a bad mixup one is difmcult to imagine. Ad mthing that congress hasnot the power to pass any measure within constitutional lmats that would prove efective, yet he would have laws enacted that he says would be umacoa stitutional; while demanding govern mert 'ontrol and supervision, he places himself on record as being opposed to it, and would have his party become a body of anarchists and' nihilists by doing that which he says the constitution forbids. If all democrats were like Repre sentative Sparkman the party emblem would properly be a string of long eared animals instead of the one that now does duty as L.s trademark. If he should find his plans and speci fications rejected by the committee on platform, the gentleman from Florida should not be surprised. The Portland, Ore., Telegram is one of the few honest democratic newspa pers and shows its honesty in discuss ing the 'tariff and the proposition of its party leaders to make the tariff the next issue. It takes the United States Steel corporation as the text for an article showing the workings of the present tariff and declares that the corporation at 'present receives from the government no less than $80,000,000 annually in the way of aid, made possible by the operation of the tariff laws. But toward the end of its screed it says: "It is true that the wages of the many thousands of workmen employed by this corpora tion are to be considered, and that some duty on competing imports is necessary,,or advisable." This is the republican argument, always, and the acknowledgment of its correctness by so able and thoroughly democratic newspaper as the Telegram comes as a welcome surprise to the republi cans. It is possible that the persistent manner in which the friends of that gentleman keep Judge Parker's name to the front may have had something to do with Grover's trip to Philadel phia for the purpose of having his pic ture "took," just to show that he is not as dead as Mr. Bryan and some other envious democrats are trying to manle him appear. No doubt in due time copies of the picture will make their appearance in the newspapers and the people will be able to judge for themselves. THEORY AND PRACTICE Portland Telegram: Theoretically, Senator Hoar is right in his conten tion that the president should not try to influence legislation, except by formal messages, and that there shoould be no "administration meas ures," but this theory of an entirely distinct and segregated administra tive or executive department, un heeding the acts of congress except when a bill has been passed and is to be signed, does not obtain in prac tice. Most presidents, and especially the later ones, have brought strong influence to bear in various ways upon congress, in order to carry out their policies. Cleveland did this, so did McKinley, so does Roosevelt, and so will others to come. Yet it might be wvell if there was a decrease, rath er than an increase, of direct presi dential influence upon congress, and more of an adherence to the theory of independence of each of the depart ments of government. CASE OF MAJOR GLENN. St. Paul Dispatch: Veterans of the civil war have read with some amaze ment the accounts of the prosecution -perhaps persecution would be the better word-of officers of the army serving in the Philipines, under charges of cruel and inhuman conduct, of which the case of Major Glenn is only an instance, possibly an extreme one. The veterans learned that "war is hell," as Sherman correctly char acterized it, and that it is not to be conducted on the lines of behavior which are proper in a debating so ciety. It in that strife between men of the same race and country there occurred instances of brutality, of "cruel and inhuman conduct," as harsh as any reported from the Phil ipines-and all veterans know there did-how much more liable were such Instances when the enemy was of the nature and dispositions of the Fil ipons? It is not necessary to condone or excuse the hard fact-it was in evitable. That the trial of Major Glenn erd ed in his acquittal is no more than was expected by his friends in this city, who could not conceive that this genial gentleman became a murder ous barbarian simply by crossing the Pacific. His prosecution, as in the other cases, may, we believe, be ac curately ascribed to the sentimental ist selction of the anti-imperialists, who raised esuch a hue and cry about cruelty and inhumanity that it was felt necessary to demonstrate its fals ity by bringing some of the ipstances to trial. Major Glenn happened to be one of the unlucky ones picked out for vicarious sacrifice in a good cause, the discomfiture of the idealists who elievated the Tagals to their own plane and endowed them with their own sensibilities. Naturally, these gentle folks were vastly Sided by the demo crats who fancied' they saw oppor .tunity to make capital out of the A WORD TO FARIM TOILERS PAINE'S CELERY COMPOUND The -Home Friend of the Farmer and His Family. After the labors and toils of the summer time, and harvesting of crops in the early autumn, many of our farmers, their wives, daughters, and sons, find themselves in a condition of health demanding careful attention if suffering is to be avoided later on. Many experience kidney trouble in some form; with some the liver is torpid; there is biliousness, nausea, and vomiting, with loss of appetite and depression of spirits. Thousands who have been exposed to cold, damp winds and rains while toiling in the harvest fields, now feel the twinges of terrible rheumatism; others run down by worry, overwork, and irregular dieting, are tormented with the pangs of dyspepsia. To the thousands of run down, sickly, an4. half dead men and women in farm homes we recommend with all honesty and confidence the worker's friend, Paine's Celery Compound, the only medicine that can quickly and fully restore strength to the weak body and vigor to the muscles. Paine's Celery Compound tones the stomach; it removes poisonous acids from the blood which cause rheumatism; it feeds the weak and diseased nerves and banishes neuralgic tortures; it purifies the blood and gives true vitality and life. The use of Paine's Celery Compound in autumn means the estab lishing of a Ivrfect physical vigor to ithstand the rigors of a severe winter. DIAMOND DYES forchildren's clothes are most serviceable. They color jackets, coat os, capes, ribbon~, stockings, as well as dresses. No other d rca equal la mond Dyes In variety of usc; t:iey never disappoint. We have as ecal department of advice, an will answer free any questions about dyeing. Send sample of goods when possible. Direction book and 45 dyed samples free. DIAMOND DYES, Burlington, Vt. charges and joined vociferously in the clamor. If both elements are hap py in the results of their efforts we are sure no one will envy them their happiness. REMEDY OR ABOLISH. Great Falls Tribune: It apears like ly that no action will be taken by the legislature toward giving the state board of equalization more power to equalize. At present it has practi cally no power in that direction, and the legislature apears to favor leav ing it in that condition. If the legislature desires to be con sistent in this action, it should now go ahead and abolish the state board altogether. With its present power it is merely a body for the assess ment of the railways running through the state. If other property is assess ed unequally among the several coun ties, it must remain so under the pres ent conditions. The board of equali zation has no power to make changes. In fact, it is not a board of equaliza tion at all. In his message to the legislature the governor called attention to some marked unequalities . in assessment between the various counties, and, of course, the property owners in those counties which were rated high suf fered in consequence, so far as the state tax is concerned. They had to - pay 2% mills on their assessment, just as the others had to pay 2% mills on their lower assessment. That there should be some power to equalize the assessment among the various counties is too apparent to need argument, and the only possible power is a state board. The courts have taken that power away from the state board of equalization because of a constitutional flaw. The legisla ture refuses to remedy the flaw. Card of Thanks. The family of Mr. F. D. McCOormick desire to express their thanks to friends for their numerous attentions and expressions of sympathy during the illness and burial of the late Wil bur McCormick. To Advance Freight Rates. San Francisco, Feb. 11i.-The steam schooner managers have decided to advance the freight rate on lumber 50 cents per thousand feet. Yellowstone 469 National o Bank BILLINGS CAPITAL, - $80,000 SURPLUS - $20,000 A. L. AbSCOCK, President DAVID PRATT, ViYes-Prresident 0. A. ORIGOS Ceshier a. H. noHDLISTBR. A*ut c.ah DIReCTORS. A L. BABCOC.. DAVID PRATT. o. A. (ar31s. 3D. CARDWBLL PTBER LARSON. Regular seking Is all its Brunnes. Spula Atonoles Ohs to Celenlus, PmdPssn rse Domm 5u S .uhanp.