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ihe C Billings Gazette.
Gazette Printing Company, Publishers E. H. BBCKER. Bditer NION .. LABEL Official County Paper. Subscription Rates.. )ne year, in adance............$3.00 BIx months...................... 1.50 Bingle copies................. .05 DAILY GAZETTE. Per Year, by mail, in advance..$5.00 Per Month, oy mail............. .50 Per Month, by carrier.......... .50 Intered at the Billings Postomoe as ieoond Class Matter. FRIDAY, MARCH 20, 1903. CHANGING LAND LAWS. According to information from Washington the prospects for a change in the national laAd laws at the next session of congress are brighter than they have been at any time since the agitation for amendments began. Almost immediately following his seating as a member of that body Senator Gibson took up the matter of changing the laws and after a hard fight in the committee on public lands had the satisfaction of being authoriz ed to make a report favorable to a bill repealing the timber and stone acts, the desert land act and the c6mmuta Lion clause of the homestead law. rhe purpose of the bill is the correct lion of the many. abuses that have srown up under 'those laws and which iave been the subjects of innumerable ,eports and recommendations by dif e'rent secretaries of the interior and !ommissioners of the general land of Ice. . jt is true that the bill was re )orted ,near the closing hours of the 'ifty-seventh congress and too late to )e acted upon, but in the opinion of hose who are competent to judge hav ng the benefit of a favorable report in fne congress will give the measure nuch prestage in the next one. The report of the committee was prepared by Mr. Gibson and goes deep ly into the subject with which it deals and shows with much detail the abuses that have been practiced under the laws as they now exist. Statistics are 'given showing the manner in which the public domain is being ac quired by speculators and corpora tions who are violating the laws in their dishonest greed for possession of lands, to the manifest detrimhent of the nation and the injury of the hon est settlers who may desire to make their homes on the land that the gov ernment has been reserving for their use and benefit. During the ninety days preceding its submission the re port says 6,109,000 acres of govern ment lands were filed on and if the same ratio were continued no fewer than 25,000,000 to 30,000,000 acres would be taken up before the end of the present liscal year. If the present system of land acts is continued the report says that within five years not an acre of the public domain suitable for settlement will remain for the benefit of the people who may wish to settie upon it. Instances are taken from the report of the secretary of the interior which show how the timber land law is tak en advantage of by wealthy men and companies who want to secure title to large and valuable tracts, while the desert land law is made the subject of special treatment by Mr. Gibson and he shows why it should be repeal ed. He says the law was not passed for the -benefit of farmers wishing to build homes in the far west, "but was placed on the statute books, in the irst instance, to enable a few wealthy men to acquire vast bodies of land in California. The facilities it gave to rich men to obtain lands on an ex tensive scale resulted in making the act applicable to all our arid and semi-arid states." Powerful interests are arrayed against the repeal of the laws named in the committee's report and it is ex pected that should the bill or another similar come up in the senate at the next session a desperate effort will be made to defeat it. The Wyoming senators and Hansbrough of North Dakota are apparently the spokesmen o~r the opposition, which seemingly tomes the most from the large cat lemen, who, naturally, do not want he laws repealed. ADVANTAGE THE OTHER WAY. It is undoubtedly a fact that living rider a republican form of govern aent affords advantages not possess 4 by thoee who are subjects of mon es, even liberal monarchies, such SU~nglad, but for all 'that it must Sadrmitted that there are somethings , connection with the latter that 64XI- bme copied with good results by i ~pulble3s. Striking example of .aebrdeda in the case of the T. J- Whitaker Wright, at oficers at New fortk awaiting extra dition proceedings to take him bac to i-ngland, where he must answe to the charge of SWindling people why took stock in his various companies The fact 'that he seems to have bees one of the in ihates of- the king ani that among those who lent theTbselve to his schemes were titled men o the kingdom, dukes, marquises, lords and others of the nobility, does not ap pear to have stood to his benefit s* far as escaping the first steps takes i' the direction of punishing him anm making his answer for his allege; frauds. His were none of the ordinary "get rich-quick" schemes for alluring thi guileless and mercenary of smal means, but collosal projections tha ran into the millions of dollars ant patterned after some of the "mer gers" so popular on this side of thi ocean. The' biggest was a "holding' company with over sixty millions o dollars of suposititious capital at its command. After a brief existence th crash came and it was found tlatlgoth ing more tangible than wind consti tued the supposedly great wealth ol the concern. A government investi gation followed and it was held that the directors could not be proceeded against as a body, they having satis fled the prosecution that they were not parties to the swindle, but merely dupes, who had relied upon Wright's representations. Because of some pow erful elements that acted as his pro tectors Wright was permitted to es cape arrest for the time being and it was believed that the thing had come to an end for good and all time. But that obstinate insistence upon their rights which is one of the. character istics of the English commoners wa. not satisfied and the government was at last forced into the steps which re sulted in Wright's arrest as soon as the vessel on, which he was coming to America touched the dock at New York. The shareholders say they will insist on the man's prosecution and propose that the whole truth shall come out, rdgardless of the fact that it may strike closer to the throne it self than may appear comfortable and pleasing to the gentleman occupying it. In fact they intimate that that is exactly what they want and if any ol the royal family were implicated in the matter they should not be shield ed, but made to bear their share of the rasnnnc hilitf Had Mr. Wright operated in this country it is extremely doubtful whether he would now find himself in the unfortunate predicament in whicch he is placed. It would have been made to appear that he. was the victim of adverse fortune and that those who lost through his operations were but unfortunate investors, who had taken business chances and the chances had gone against them, as it occasionally happens in large and small ventures into which the element of speculation enters in large part. Of course, if he had been the engineer of one of the plots that have been recently exposed in some of the eastern cities by which those possessed of only a few dollars had been defrauded, he probably would have been arrested, even as the promoters of some of those rob. bing concerns have been arrested, but the collosal scale on which he carried out his schemes and the magnitude o, the enterprises he professed to en gineer would have saved him and in. stead of now being a prisoner he would be the recipient of unbounded sympathy accorded to a daring but un lucky "Napoleon of finance." No doubt the esteemed Helena In dependent is correct when it informs the equally esteemed Philadelphia Ledger that the presence of Grover Cleveland's picture in the dome of the state house at Helena has a his torical and not a political significance, being placed there in commemoration of a very important event in the his 'ory of the state, but for all that the Tedger is not so much in error in its intimation that the Kansas City plat form is not quite so popular in Mon tana's it was once upon a time. A Montana contemporary devotes considerable space to an editorial in tended to show that belief in witch craft still survives. To a man who has lived only a very short time, es pecially if he is a married man, it would seem that the newspaper refer ed to has wasted a great deal of space and effort. Of course, witchcraft still survives, and what is more will continue to survive so long as there are any pretty girls and susceptible men. Probably his well known ability to make the most of things and circum stances and the ebulliency of his spir its may enable the president to -enjoy his short visit at Butte, notwithstand ing the Miner's grudging show of hos pitality and the carking manner in which it speaks of the anticipated event. If the programme at Washington yesterday was carried. out according to previous arrangements Uncle Sam will probably soon become a valued and extensive contributor to the "Hela l POLITICS IN-BUTTE Although the "Helnze" democrat have endorsed the populsati nomina tion of the Hoiiorable ~atrii4 Mullins for mayor of Butte and theireby pre sumably antagonized the '"Clark" dem ocrats, still the chances are that wheE the vote is counted it will be found that the representative from Silvel Bow will have polled about the ful strength of the party as represented by the two wings. He : will compes democratic support through his enuncil ation of principles and what he pro poses to do in case he is, elected. The populists were the first to gel together and name their men. Some one got up and proposed the -name ol the Honorable Mr. Mullins for mayor saying he expected the nomination tc be ratified at once, as he, as one ol the leaders, with others who march al the head of the column, had entered into an agreement with -the "Heinze' democrats by which the populists were to name Mr. Mullins and the "Heinze" democrats were to endorse him. The nominating gentleman ad mitted that the thing was a little ir regular, but urged the convention tc ratify the arrangement. Some of the other delegates thought the gentleman who had just spoken had taken a good deal of unwarranted authority upon himself and were inclined tc repudiate the bargain. It was Mr. Mullins' turn now and he made a speech. First of all he prom. ised that if elected he would do all in his power to carry out the resolu tions that had already been adopted by the convention and then he spoke on lines a trifle more personal. He said that if he was .chosen executive of the city of Butte he would inaugu rate a different system. , The talk. of "grafting," now heard so much, would have to cease. There would .be no more occasion for talk of that sort. He intended to see .to it that the tax payers would receive some. benefit from the gambling that he, said all the laws in the state could not stop. 'I don't want people to vote for me with the understanding that I am go ing to close down gambling," he said, "but I will see to it that gambling is done properly, under restrictions and on. second floors, and that n0o.oys up der 21 years of age are all.wed in the gambling rooms." . What could the convetl°opI 1o but nominate him instanter? : Te dele gates realized that with a cvndidate standing on such a platform and hav. ing the support of the "Heinze" demo. crats beside, the man 'who cotili beat Mullins for mayor of Butte w61b have to be a political phenomenon.; There was no further oppostion to t'e dick er proposed and Mullins was nimade the choice of the convention., The "Heinze" democrats were true to theii promise and in a few minutes after ward Mr. 'Mullins was made their nom inee. It was a shrewd trick and 'the re suits will be apparent when the re turns come in. Of course, Mr. Mullins will get the support of the democratic party. He is the kind of man the par ty at Butte wants for mayor and it their eagerness to have such a on' elected both of the contending fac tions will vote as one man for him It is possible that the republicans ca, defeat him, but it must be admittec hthat 4 ir .,.n.ndinr la·lnhtfCl TREATY, IS RATIFIED. As was expected, the senate has ratified the Colombian canal treaty, and what is more, did it overwhelm ingly. Seventy-three votes for and five against is what the tally sheet showed when the count was made. Not one of the innumerable amend ments offered by the democrats was accepted and the treaty is made ef fective in the form and language in which it was prepared by the repre senatives of the two governments and submitted for ratification. Mor gan made all his long speeches and objections in vain and for all that he accomplished he could have permitted the treaty to be ratified at the session of the senate at which it was submit ted without incurring the expense and annoyance of an extra session. While some may doubt the wisdom of the selection of the Panama route, many people honestly believing the Nicaraguan route to be the better of the two, yet all are glad that the thing has been done which for years we have been saying we were going to do and that a waterway between the two oceans is now an assured fact, as much of a certainty as anything yet in the future can be that is dependent upon human agencies and effort for its accomplishment. In naming Dan McDonald of Butte as one of the honorary world's fair commissioners Governor Toole gave graceful recognition to the laboring men of the state. Mr. McDonald is the president of the American Labor unibn and one of thd most indefatiga ble promoters of all that is supposed to be for the Interest of the working men, not only in Montana, but else where, and in giving him a place on the board the governor made ac knowledgement of the importance of labor and the conspicuous part it has As now _gorstituted the conlmissig. may be said to be truly representative in its characte': ,as all of the varioui elements that contribute to the state's prosperity and Advancement find rep resentation in it. It might be a good idea for the timid to refresh their memories and recall the fact that what Sir Thomal said on the occasion of the launching of Shamrock III sounds very much like the speeches he made on two other occasions of like character. His new est boat may be the means of gratify ing a very laudable and commendable ambition, but he should not fall t( take Reliance into consideration ii his reckonings. The reports of further seismic shocks in the neighborhood of the state capital probably had their origil in the shocks caused by another po lice raid on some of the "leading so cial institutions" of the kind for whici Helena claimns pre-eminence over al the rest of the state. SWEETEST OF MEMORIES. Tacoma ledger: One of the sweet est memories that mark the years ii that of -the love of a mother. It is it some sort a barren life that does no have this memory. He would be - degenerate son who, having it, woukl try to lose it. Not long ago a mothel wrote to the Chicago Tribune. She had come to the city from the farn to see her "boy," who had developer into a man of affairs. He was noi civil to her. She called at his placE of business, doubtless with a smfl of greeting on her wrinkled face, and the man was plainly annoyed. HE sent her out to dinner with his office boy, and when he joined her later he reproached her for having taken sc public aeseat.' He chided her because with natural curiosity, she looked about her., He informed her that had she not come he would have gone tc the opera. With a heavy heart the poor old woman started back to the farm, and- as she sat in the waiting room she wrote a short story of hei experiences, with a hint of her sor row. It is not often that a son de velops along the lines of unnatura brutality:. This fellow is' not to be rated as a man. Had he been a man he would have taken his mother intc his arms, and every gray hair of hei devoted head would have been dear tc him. It would have been a pleasure for him to have escorted- her to the opera or to any other place where she might have desired to go. But he wal ashamed of the knotted fingers anm the old-fashioned dress. The woma. goes down into the very valley o death that she may become a mother During the years her children are with her there is no sacrifice she ii not ready to make for them. She works for them, has sympathy fo their pains and joy in their happiness When they go out into the world, n, matter whither, they are followed b; her. love and her prayers. Many boy has left an humble home t, lead a life of ease and lur+ ury. But it is seldom he has wante, to sever the bond knitting him to th, woman who gave him life, and woull have given her own without a mul mur. Wheh he does, he shows hih: self unworthy 'of respect. The bat son will not be a good husband, th considerate father or the truste, friend, for there can be little of de cency' in him. In moments whe: thoughts wander far into the past after the burden of years has come they will reach the old days when th, mother was queen and comforter any comrade, and they will stir the emc tions to the deeps. There will com a yearning unspeakable for the souni of the voice long silent and for th AMERICANIZATION OF CUBA. Anaconda Standard: The change that have been wrought in Cuba du ing the past two years are marvelou Before the landing of the America army the island was at least a ce: tury behind us in civilization. Toda ii is right up to us in all that is pr gressive and modern. American i vestors are finding opportunities Cuba; railroads, trolley lines and sk; scrapers are making their appearan, in all parts of the island. Havana an all the more important towns are b gining to look like American citie and with American methods of san tation the country is fast developin into one of the healthiest on tt globe. The Cubans are beginning I look upon the Americans as their r deemers, and a sentiment is said I be growing among the better clai that some day the island must b come a part of the United State The men who were the most earner in their fight for independence ai now the strongest advocates of a nexation. It is their belief that wee the island to be annexed to the Uni ed States, it would soon become on of the wealthiest islands of the worli At the request of the little republi there are still maintained in Cut 1.000 United States artillerymen, en half of whom are in the - city , Havana. This was done originally I insure order in the once turbuler entire force could be massed in the center of the city within thirty min .utes, and could command the situatido from the ramparts of Morro or. Ca banas in a much shorter time. Th: maintenance of American troops ii Cuba is done as a precautionary mess ure-so far they have not been need ed. The city of Havana has one o the best police systems in the world owing largely to the efficient worl done by the American civil officers before the government was formally turned over to the Cubans. PAST BOUNDARY DISPUTES. Portland Telegram: The presen Alaska boundary contention is the las of a long series of disputes betwee, the United States and Canada, of Great Britain, over the boundary lines bttween the two countries. There was a dispute over the islands in Passa maquoddy Bay, over a century ago another as to the line from the source of the St. Croix river along the Maine New York frontier; a third as to the ownership of the islands jifb'the St Lawrence river and the Great Lakes and- a fourth over the line from Laki Superior to the northwestern cornme of the Lake of the Woods. Negotia tions over and attempts at arbitratio, of these disputes occurred at interval: from 1798 to 1830, when the king o the Netherlands, who had been chosen umpire, made a compromise decision that satisfied neither party. Then ne gotiations were resumed, and in the late thirties a state of border warfare existhd at various points. In 1842 Sec retary *of State Webster and Lore Ashburton finally agreed on the lines after nearly fifty yetrs-ofY;diplomatib wrangling and vain, attempts at arb! tration, and much expense alid irrirt tion. The lipe from the Rocky mountains to the Pacific ocean remained a sub ject of controversy for forty years, an( came-near causing a war, when "54-41 or fight" was the cry throughout the States. John Quincy Adams, Presi dent Polk, and other statesmen de clared that our title up to that line was 'clear and unquestibnable," bu Mr. Buchanan, as secretary of state finally yielded to the establishment o the line on the 49th parallel. Then another controversy arose re garding our northwest line through the straits separating American and Brit ish possessions. Canada, ' or Grea Britain, was ready with claims, a: usual, to various islands between the Straits of Fuca and the Gulf o Georgia. In 1856 a joint commissioi was appointed to settle the dispute but again as usual, accomplished notb ing. In' 1871 a joint high commissioi met in Washington, and agreed ti leave the matter to the emperor o Germany, who later rendered a deci sion in favor of the American claim Son every point. Now another controversy, has beep worked up by Canada in regard to th boundary line of Alaska, and whe this is settled, as it may be within quarter of a century, it is to be hope that Canada will keep quiet a litti while and allow the Americans t possess their own territory in peact as much. Another reason why Gee man-made goods find a better marke here is from the fact that the maker are always ready to accept any sut gestion made to them, either by thei own. agents or by clients, who ar often more in touch with the require mrntQ nf thn nulntrv_" HAD HE LIVED LONGER. Minneapolis Journal: If Presider Lincoln had lived longer it is possib that the race question would not no be so grave, and would not have bee productive of so much bitterness as has. A letter made public to dE shows that the president was by a means a believer in wholesale e franchisement of the freedmen. I the letter referred to he says: "I barely suggest for your prival consideration whether some of the co ored people may not be let in, as ft instance, the very intelligent, and e pecially those who have fought bray ly in our ranks." If the reconstruction policy had lin ited the suffrage to the very inteil gent, and of these especially thow who had made good soldiers, we su: pose that there would not be toda the strong prejudice that undeniabl exists in the south against the exe cise of the suffrage by any negro, a matter how intelligent. The sout] today, it is easy to see, is not only o: posed to social equality but to politics equality or anything approaching for negroes. The south, indeed, woul prefer to have the negroes as such al solutely excluded from the electorat regardless of individual qualification This attitude is the not unnatural ou growth of the hard experience th south had with enforced negro rul in the years following the war. TI south's idea of the political condition that .should prevail there was well pi by King Edward of England in hi address from the throne when he sal that the British purpose in Sout Africa was to establish equality fc all white men and justice for the colo ed races. Th- nnrth .,oati|nna whathar inRtit Paine's Celeor Compound t The Most Remarkable Remed in the World. The True Medicine for the Cure of DI eases of the Blood and Nerves. Paine's Celery Compound cu. cases given up as hopeless; it bulkt up, strengthens, restores. Wh tired and discouraged, this gre, s medicine will give new life an r vitality. .Paine's Celery Compour is the ideal medicine and should 1 in every home. Gold in your. Garret Huthdreds of housewives who nev eradye'astyth~ing,' wht', think they i can't dye, or imagine it is a task, are losing the good of castaway fab t rics that could be made new with DIAMOND DYES It is an extremnely easy process to t color w\itlh Diamond Dyes, and the cost is but a trifle. They are for home use and home economy. We have a special department of advice, and will ans er free any questlone about dyeing. t end sample of goods when possible. Direction book and 45 dyed samples free. S DIAMOND DYES, Burlington, Vt. if as a race he is excluded from thi franchise, and it formerly thought I must be given to him as a race. Thn only difference now between the nort' and south is on this point of keepinl the suffrage away from the negro a - a race. Literally the new laws any constitutions of the south do not die franchise the negroes as a race, ani the number who will eventually be a lowed to vote will be large. But eve' the educational test will probably no Isettle the question, because if all th negroes in the south were well edt 3 cated and well-behaved today ther would still be a strong prejudic among white men against negroes ii office. If the negro had gradualli t from the start, been admitted to th exercise of the franchise this prejt dice would not have been so stron, r as it is, because there would be n, specter of the horrors of a rule o ignorant blacks to conjure up from th past. WAR IS EXPECTED. L Conditions in Macedonia Are Not Fa vorable to Peace. New York, March 18.-Reports from Macedonia are so contradictory tha all forecasts are unsafe, says the Lon don correspondent of the Tribune Some advices from Sofia point to transiitlon period of four or fly weeks. It may then be discoverer that reforms have been ineffective and that the indignation of the Bul garians cannot longer be restrained A crisis at the end 'of a month is evi dently expected in Sofia, as well as ii Belgrade. Sofia at present is the ho bed of intrigue and unrest. Iver; stranger is under police surveill nce and he is watched by spies from hou to hour. Turkish, Bulgarian and Rua sian officials are employing informers and are receiving reports of what ii going on among the refugees and 'rev olutionists. War In the Balkans coulb not be averted if the pressure of the Russian and Austrian government were removed for a single week. SEATTLE'S GRAND JURY Change of Foreman Ordered by the Court. Seattle, March 18.-Superior Judge Bell today named Terrence O'Brien. t succeed H. E. Pigott as foreman of the grand jury. Pigott declared the bod; adjourned on Friday of last week t" c allow him an opportunity to go to Sat Francisco on private business. The foreman's action did not meet witl i the approval of the remaining jurors The jury today appeared beforE Judge Bell and indicated its desire to resume sittings immediately. The court thereupon formally remover