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WAR IN CNINA REASON FOR CONCENTRATION OF TROOPS IN PHILIPPINES. OUTBREAK IS INEVITABLE Determination of Europe to Partition the Empire Believed to Be at Bottom of Present Agitation. Washington, March 17.-There is a quiet but steady concentration of troops in the Philippine islands which the general public knows nothing of. This concentration of troops is one of the setled policies of this govern ment that the United States must not be caught asleep when what is now regarded as inevitable, a terrible war in China, is inaugurated for the par tition of the flowery kingdom. So quietly is the war department moving in the matter that the people of Sani Francisco and Seattle have come to look upon the returning and depart ing of soldiers as a matter of change of base. While 10,000 troops are on their homeward way, having served the appointed period in the tropics, there are going out to take their places 14,000 men, and it is in this propor tion that the government* of the United States is strengthening its po sition in the Pacific seas. Among those who have watched the trend of affairs in the last few months, and who have been students of the Chi nese situation, thbre is but one opila ion, that revolt is in the a4r in China and that those who are abetting the movemeht against the present Chinese dynasty are actuated largely not for purposes of personal aggrandizement but to carry out pledges made to Eu repean powers. Imperative orders have been issued by the navy depart ment to push the building of the bat tleships now on the stocks at navy yards throughout the country. The marines are strengthening their arm of the service, while the United States regulars who have not seen foreign service are on the qui vive to em bark for the orient because they realize that something will be doing shortly in the country of the dragon. There is repressed activity everywhere and the government of the United States is determined to see to it that American interests are protected when the clash of arms comes. Break Up Indian Reserves. Senator Stewart of Nevada, who is chairman of the committee on In dian affairs, is an avowed advocate of the policy of breaking up every Indian reservation in the country. Among the first movements along this line to be inaugurated by the senator in the policy which he has laid out for his committee is one which pro poses the. abolition of the Indian res ervations in New York state and the distribution of the lands held by the Indians there in severalty. With this end in view the senator will take sev eral members of the committee on Indian affairs to the New York reser vations some time this summer, so t1tI1L t&CII UI iiiem ma1 ty na',e a LJISUllSI knowledge of conditions which exist. "Right in the heart of the civilized portion of this continent," said Sena tor Stewart, "there exist several thou sand men and women who are to all intents and purposes alien to our in stitutions and no part of the body politic. The whole system of Indian reservations, in my judgment, was a bad move from the outset. Mexico and Central and South America never had the trouble with the Indians that we have had, and if, instead of put ting them upon reservations and al lowing them to live upon the funds that may be supplied from time to time by the government, we had taught them useful arts and indus tries and then compelled each man to earn his own living, the Indian problem as it exists today would never have been." "Would you not have given each Indian a portion of land that he might follow agriculture?" was asked' the senator. "No; I would have given him just the same rights as the white man. He should have the privilege of en tering a quarter section of land un der the homestead law and should have been able to make good his title just as the white man must make his title clear. "It is too late, of course," continued Mr..Stewart, "to change our policy in such a radigal manner, but the quicker the Indian is taught that he must earn his bread just as his white brother does, the sooner we shall see the solution of the so-called Indian problem, which is a source of continued and constant annoyance to the people of the United States." Gathering Municipal Statisticcs, The census office has begun to gather dnunicipal statistics through out the United States, and with bhis object in view a large force of clerks have just been sent "into the field." One of the most important branches of the inquiry, the outcome of which is eagerly awaited, is that having for its object the ascertainment of the payments made by street railway cor porations in return for the franchises granted by the various municipalities of the country. It is believed that the information now being gathered will show that a great majority of such corporations pay nothing what ever for the valuable rights which have been granted to them from time to time. And it is because some of them pay either a specified annual rental for the use of the streets or a percentage upon their gross receipts that the larger cities in which fran chises are expiring are anxious to know what other cities secure, and this is exactly what the census office will find out. Commissioner Who is Qualified. One of the best posted men on inter oceanic canals of all the democrats who have been suggested to the pres ident for appointment upon the isth mian canal -Conmission is William A. Harris of Kansas, who closed his term in the senate from the Sunflower state on March 3, 1903. It is probably a matter not generally known, but ex-Senator Harris may be said to have inherited a knowledge of isthmian canal questions. His father away back in the '50s was interested in the Atlantic and Pacific Ship Canal company, which company caused to be made the first reliable and scien tific survey of the Nicaragua canal route. Subsequently young Harris was connected as a civil engineer with .,urveys of this and other routes. He has ever since taken a keen interest in all canal questions which have dragged their weary way along ithrough diplomatic and legislative c:ianuels itL!ing tc i ,st thirty yea^.:. He has followed, step by step, every development .hade in 'canal matters. Since the l'eginnitlg of his term in the United States senate six years ago Senator Harris has been second to Senator Morgan of Alabama on the inter-oceanic canal committee and has taken an active part in all canal matters in and out of committee dur ing these years. There is, next to Senator Morgan, probably no man bet ter posted on the canal situation in all its phases alive today than ex Senator Harris. He has been con stantly in touch with the diplomatic and engineering conditions of the en tire complex canal subject. Ex-Sena tor Harris, it may be said in passing, las been strongly endorsed to the prcsrident for a place on the canal commission. HYDROPHOBIA EPIDEMIC. Over a Dozen Deaths from Malady in New York City. New York, March 17. --Speaking of the prevalence of hydrophobia in New York. Dr. George Gibier Rambaud, di rector of the Pasteur institute, says that, within the past six months there have been 12 deaths from hydrophobia in this city, although it is classed among the rarest of diseases, and he expresses the opinion that madical carelessness on the part of medical authorities is to blame. The doctor states that in one village near York, last summer, six animals died of rab ies and every animal that had come in contact with these had been allow ed to run at lage unmuzzled to the risk of the whole state. In another village a dog exhibiting all the syinp toms of rabies was killed and fed, un cooked to barnyard creatures, destined for New York markets. "In a single *month, this winter," added Dr. Rambaud, "the board of health treated as many as 10 people for rabies and the Pasteur institute 12 or 15." MISS TAYLOR STAYS OUT. Court Dismisses Her Application for Reinstatement. Washington, March 17.-The dis trict supreme court today dismissed the petition of Miss Rebecca J. Tay lor for a mandamus to compel the sec retary of war to restore her to a cler ical position in the war department. She gave notice of appeal to the court of appeals. She was dismissed for published criticisms of the administra tion's Philippine policy. Hit, by Hurricane. Halifai, N. S., March 16.--The Brit ish ship Unalonda arrived from Liver pool today. The steamer was in a hurricane for 19 days, during nine of which she covered only 300 miles. She was driven back one day .68 miles and another day 74 miles. Mountainous seas swept -her deck from stem to stern, smashing boats, bridges and steering gear. The carpenter was crushed to death in the afterhouse, and the coxswain had his arm brok en. Several of the crew also were badly hurt. Constant use of oil kept the steamer from being engulfed by the seas. ST. 4IOHN'S HEADACHE CURE wi' . care your headache. Fold by Chapnle Drug Co. TWO AND A HALF MILLION TO BE EXPENDED IN MILK RIVER VALLEY. WORK TO START IN MAY Exact Line of Canal Not Yet Estab Ilshed-Dam Will Be Built First. Great Falls Tribune: In Thursday morning's Tribune, the statement was made that the first work in Montana under the national irrigation law would be the construction of a dam at St. Mary's lake, designed to provide a great supply of water for the coun try along Milk river, and possibly also along the Marias. That information; was brought to the people of northern Montana by Senator Gibson upon his return from the national capital, and full confirmation of it was received yesterday in a dispatch .from Wash ington. "What are- the prospects for the St. Mary's canal?" was the Tribune's query- of Senator Gibson, and he re plied: "That work'is to be pushed right along. For a time I was a little afraid of it being delayed for other projects, but I have no fear of that now. Work on the dam at the lake will almost certainly be started this summer. The exact line of the canal is not yet fully determined. Of course it is desired to run lines in every possible way be fore a definite location of the canal is made, and necessarily there will have to be more surveying done before the best line can be determined conclu sively. The department, naturally, is anxious that no mistake, even in de tail, should be made, and our interests lie in the same way. In the first na tional irrigation enterprise the west would be seriously harmed if any mis take would lessen the success of the undertaking." The dispatch received from Wash ington yesterday is as follows: Engineer Babb of the geological sur vey, with a large force of men, will begin work on the St. Mary's irriga tion project in May, or possibly earli er. The secretary of the interior has made the necessary allotment for western irrigation projects to do the necessary work this year. There is a vast amount of prelimi nary work to be done in completing the surveys and awarding the con tracts. The work probably will be begun on St. Mary's dam and upon various por tions of the canal. The project as planned calls for a dam at St. Mary's, and a canal to the north fork of the Milk river, with canals for Milk river. It will call for an expenditure of $2,500,000. AN EARLY BLAZE. From Tuesday's Daily Gazette. An overhea'ed stovepipe in the resi dence of H. W. Rowley, at the corner of North Twenty-ninth street and Third avenue, this morning caused what at one time promised to be a serious fire. A hot water plant is employed in heating the house, the furnace and boiler of which are located in a sepa rate enclosure in the rear of the main building, but so close that the pipe is conducted through the house and into a chimney having an opening in a closet of one of the sleeping apart ments. In startixig the fire the soot in the pipe was ignited, and the pipe soon generated sufficient heat to set fire to some of the wookwork in the closet. Fortunately the blaze was dis covered before it had gained much headway and Colonel Rowley attempt ed to extinguish it himself. In this he was not successful and finally con cluded to telephone to the department for assistance. gY this time the tele phone connections had been destroyed and the alarm had to be sent in from a neighboring house, causing the loss of some valuable moments. When the firerlen arrived the fire had progressed so far that it had com municated to the roof, through rhich quite a hole was burned. The con tents of the room had been removed in the meantime and under the directions of the colonel the work of the dapart ment was confined to the apartment in which the fire had originated and the flames were speedily subdued, but not before a loss of about $100 had been entailed. This morning's scare will have the effect of causing the colonel to carry out at once his long intended plan of having a chimney built for the furnace, thus doing away with the ne cessity of conducting the pipe through the building and incurring the danger of jnother and possibly more serious fire. BIG SHIPS IN COLLISION. City of Seattle Rbns Into British Bark Bankleigh. Vancouver, B. C., March 17.-While both vessels were enveloped in a dense fog the Pacific Coast Steam ship company's steamer City of Seat tle ran down the British bark Bank leigh this morning and caused dam age which is variously estimated at between $25,000 and $40,000, with the possibility that a thorough survey of the Bankleigh may .reveal more seri ous injuries than at present looked for. Subsequently the City of Seattle was libeled for $65,000. Bonds were giv en and the steamer left for Skagway this evening. The Bankleigh was moored beside a wharf at the time the City of Seattle ran into her, and damaged her port side, twisting her steel plates and Jamming her star board side in. The damage to the wharf is estimated at $5,000. The wharf was knocked 15 feet out of place. The City of Seattle was strain ed forward. CARBON COUNTY WAR Senator Meyer and Picket Forces Are at It. In the political war now on in Car bon county between the forces of ~i~ite Senator Meyer on the one side and the Red Lodge Picket on the oth er the people will be much interested in the final outcome. From present indications the senator appears to have struck the first blow when he managed to secure an order from the Bozeman land office designating a newspaper at Bridger as the official organ in which to publish the govern ment land notices for Carbon county. But that coup on his part, in which he is said to have had the endorsement of former United States Senator Carter, did not in the least discourage the forces of the Picket. The latter immediately proceeded to secure control of the stock of the company publishing the Bridger paper and an nounced that it would be immaterial in the future as to which of the two newspapers the land officials at Boze man bestowed the government favors. From a financial point of view, as relates to the federal land office print ing, it appears that for once Messrs. Carter and Meyer have gone up against "the real thing" in Carbon county. Whether the Picket will be able to permanently hold the breast works, that is another matter. THE DEAF MAY NOW HEAR. Wonderful Invention of an Alabama Man. New York, March 16.-By means of an invention of Miller Reese Hutch inson, a young Alabaman, who was recen,ly decorated by Queen Alexan dra for his efforts in behalf of the deaf, three children, deaf, dumb and blind, have been enabled to hear a pianist play Sousa marches, a phono graphic reproduction of the sounds and the sounds of their own voices utteling the words, "Mamma," "Papa," and "Hello!" in quavering childish treble. The experiments were made at the laboratory of Mr. Hutchinson, and were witnessed by many persons. The invention consists primarily of a trans mi.tei", an earpiece and a small elec tric battery. By means of these in et:uucents sound is projected into the ear in a manner to stimulate the audi tory nerve. The volume of sound has nothing to do with the action of these instruments. The penetrating quality of the elec tric sound wave apparently disregards the mechanism of the outer ear and affects the inner ear direct. The first patient brought out to try the effects of the invention was Orris Benson, who is blind, deaf and dumb. A physician tried to make him hear in various ways, but all his efforts were in vain. The little in strument was then clapped on the lad's ear, the current switched on and Mr. Hutchinson said in ordinary tones, "Papa." The youth worked his fingers rapX'!y in the sign language. "He says he can hear' something, but does not know what it is," said Prof. Van Tassell, who was in charge of the children. The current was made stronger. The youth's eyeballs were raised and he smiled. Then he tried to repeat the syllable, and in . weird treble cried shrilly, "Papa." Noticing that the patient was becom ing quite excited over his novel ex perience, Mr. Hutchinson suggested that one of the girls be brought into the reception. room. She could not hear a sound, no mat ter how loud, but when she had the earpiece of the instrument fastened to her head and the pianist at the end of the room began to play a Sousa march her cheeks flushed and her fingers beat time on a table. Another girl, born blind, deaf and dumb, clapped her hands in ecstacy when she heard her own voice cry "Mamma," and reached out wistfully tc the piano when the piano stopped playing and the new harmony died out of her ear, but lingered vividly in her memory. REPUBLICANS WILL NOT [NOM [Special to The Gazette:] Butte, March 18.--Butte without a political row of some sort would not be Butte. Just now the Heinze forces and the elementsin the city opposing him are lining up for the spring elec tions. With the return of the Heinze peo ple from the legislature plans were immediately laid for the city election. The first battle was at the convention called by the labor party where the followers of Mr. Heinze tried to pre vent the nomination of Larry Dugan for mayor. Dugan was elected on the Heinze ticket last fall as a member of the state assembly from Silver Bow county. He represented the labor in terests on the delegation at Helena and refused to vote against the. pass age of the change of venue bill. To even matters up the Heinze forces tried to prevent his nomination for mayor in the labor convention held here last week. Thwarted in their effnrto to nre COURTMARTIAL ACQUITS WORTM Washington, March 17.-The court martial which tried Ensign Ward K. Wortman, at Pen sacola, Fla., to determine the extent, if any, of his responsibility for the explosion in the six-inch gun turret of the battleship Massachusetts, off Culebra. by which nine men lost First National Ban OF BILLINGS, MONTANA. PAID-UP CAPITAL . - $150,00 SURPLUS. - - - 20o, P. B. Moss, President. M. A. ARNOLD, Cashier. D. H. 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They are "LIFE SAVE~S Swomanhood, aiding development of organ known remedy for women equals them. C.a.,u becomes a pleasure. $1.00 PER I'q1$ by n lOatists. DR. MOTT'S CHEMIC _ Sold by CHAPPLE DRUG COI : vent the nomination of mayor on the labor ticket, thef forces at once went into. council to devise ways and bring out a candidate who c feat Dugan at the polls. They finally selected Pat Mullins,' popular old-timer in the cam gentleman who also served the1I faction in the late legislature. lins goes up on a citizens' tickt petition and is also named for l on the anti-trust democratic populist tickets. The fight is between .Dugaain Mullins. The regular democrat place a ticket in the field and ago the socialists named their didates for municipal honors. The republicans will not pl& ticket in the field for mayor, it. understood that the party will d Dugan in order to make sure defeat of the Heinze candidatef Mullins. their lives, rendered a verdict... guilty. Commander Winslow, ed as Judge advocate of the reached Washington today witli findings. The record will be rev ed by the/ judge advocate and.i will be passed on by the seec of the navy.