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'THE BILLINGS GAZETTE.
Vl V II. BILLINGS, YELLOWSTONE COUNTY. MVONTANA, TUESDAY, MARCH 24, 1903. N0.93. THE HOURS OF LABOR ARE SHORTENED Report of Anthracite Strike Commission Grants Sub stantial Increase in Wages. Washington, March 22.-The report of the commission appointed by the president last October to investigate the anthracite coal strike, was made public yesterday. The report is dated March 18, and is signed by all the members of the commission, who are Judge George Gray of Delaware; La bor Commissioner Carroll D. Wright and Brigadier General John M. Wilson, both of this city; Bishop John L. Spalding of Illinois; Thomas H. Wat kins of Pennsylvania, and Edward M. Parker of this city. The report is to be illustrated, and it will be accom panied by the testimony taken by the. commission, but thus far only the re port proper has been printed. This alone covers 87 pages of printed mat ter. In brief the commission awards a general increase of wages amounting in most instances to 10 per cent; some decrease of time; the settlement of all disputes by arbitration; fixes a min imum wage and a sliding scale; pro vides against discrimination against persons, either by the mine owners or the mine workers because of member ship or non-membership in a labor un-, ion; provides that the awards made shall continue in force until March 31, 1906. The commission discussed to some extent the matter of recogni tion of the Miners' union, but declined to make any award on this measure. Following is the commission's own summary of the awards made: First-That an increase of 10 per cent over and above the rates paid in the month of April. 1902, be paid to all contract miners for cutting coal, yardage and other work, for which standard rates or allowances existed at that time, from and after November 1, 1902, and during life of this award. The amount of Increase under the award due under work done between November 1, 1902, and April 1, 1903, to be paid on or before June 1, 1903. Engineers. Second-That engineers who are' employed in hoistin water shall have an increase of 1:0 cent on their earnings between November 1, 1902, and April 1, 1903. to be paid on or be fore June 1, 1903; and from and after: April 1, 1903, and during the life of this award they shall have eight-hour shifts, with the same pay which was in effect in April, 1902, and where they are now working eight-hour shifts the eight-hour shifts shall have an in crease of 10 per cent on the wages which were effective in the several positions in April, 1902. Hoisting en gineers and other engineers and pump men other than those employed in hoisting water, who are employed in positions which are manned continu ously shall have an increase of 10 per cent on their wages between Novem ber 1, 1902, and April 1, 1903, to be paid on or before June 1, 1903; and from and after April 1, 1903, and dur ing the life of the award they shall have an increase of 5 per cent on the rate of wages which were effective in the several positions in. April, 1902. and in addition they shall be relieved from duty on Sundays without loss of pay, by a man provided by the em ployes to relieve them during the hours of day shift. Firemen. That firemen shall have an increase ý't 10 per cent in their earnings be tween November 1, 1902, and April 1, 1903, to be paid on or before June 1, 1903, and from and after April 1, 1903, and during the life of the award they shall have eight-hour shifts, with the same wages per day, week or month as were paid in each position in April, 1902, and all employes and company men other than those for which the commission makes special award shall be paid an increase of 10 per cent on their earnings between November 1, 1902, and April 1, 1903, to be paid on or before June 1, 1903, and from and after April 1, 1903, and during the life of this award they shall be paid on the basis of a nine-hour day receiving therefor the same wages aE were paid in April, 1902, for a 10-hour day. Overtime in excess of nine hour: in any day to be paid at a proportiona: rate per hour. Third-During the life of this award the present methods of pay ment for coal mined shall be adherec to unless changed' by mutual agree ment. In all the above awards it i* pro vided that all awards like tbh - .mad mall be paid to the legal representa ives of such employes as may have led since November 1, 1902. Fourth--Auny difficulty or disagree ent arising under this award as to is interpretation or its application, ir in any way growing out of the re ations of the employer and employed, thich cannot be settled or adjusted ýy consultation between the superin endent or manager of the mine or nines, and the miner or miners direct y interested, or is of a scope too large o be settled, shall be referred to a ermanent joint commission, to be ;alled a board of conciliation, to con list of six persons appointed as here nafter provided. That is to say, if there shall be a livision of the whole region into. dis :ricts, in each of which there shall axist a committee representing a majority of mine workers' of such dis rict, and a board of conciliation shall he appointed by each of said organiza ions and three other persons shall be appointed by the operators, the ,perators in each of the said districts appointing one person. The board of conciliation thus con stituted shall take up and consider any question referred to it as afore said, hearing the parties to the con troversy and such evidence'as may be laid before it by either party, and any award made by a majority of such board of consiliation shall be final and binding on all parties. If, however, the said board is unable to decide any question submitted, or point re lating thereto, that question or point shall be referred to an umpire, to be appointed at the request of said board, by one of the circuit judges of the Third judicial circuit of the United States, whose decision shall be final and binding in the premises. Membership of Board. The membership of said board shal at all times be kept complete, eithe, the operators or miners' organizatior having a right at any time when a controversy is not open to chang" their representation thereon. At hear t m huPrrno ar ;,l LnorYl the nPRti siha e represented by such person or per sons as they may respectively select. .To suspension of work shall take place by lockouts or strike pending the adjudication of any matter taken lp for adjustment. Fifth-Whenever requested by a majority of the contract miners of any colliery, check weighmen or check iocking bosses, or both, shall be em ployed. The wages of such check weighmen or check docking bosses shall be fixed, collected and paid by the miners in such manner as the said miners shall by a majority vote elect, and when requested by a majority of said miners the operators shall pay the wages fixed for check weighmen and check docking bosses out of de ductions made proportionately from the wages of said miners on such basis as the majority of said miners shall determine. Sixth-Mine cars shall be distrib uted among miners at work as uni formly and as eqitably as possible and there shall be no concerted ef fort on the part of the miners or mine workers of any colliery or collieries to limit the output of the nlnes or to detract from the equality of the work, unless such limitation of output be uniform to an agreement between operators or operators and an organi zation representing a majority of said miners in his or their employ. When Paid by Car. Seventh-In all cases where miners are paid by the car the increase award ed to the contract miners is based ups on the cars in use, the topping requir ed and the rates paid per car wheich were in force on April 1, 1902. Any' Increase in the size of the car or topping required shall be accom panied- by proportionate increase in the rate paid per car. Eighth-The following scale of wages shall become effective April 1, 1903, and shall affect all miners and mine workers included in the awards of the commission. The wages fixed in the awards shall be the basis ol and minimum under the sliding scale For each increase of 5 cents in the average price of white ash coal ol sizes above pea sold at or near Ne York: between Perth Amboy and Edge water, and reported to the' bureau ol anthracite coal statistics, above, say $4.50 per ton, the employes shall hav4 ýn increase or i per CeuL in cUlWuMVIu ation, which shall continue until a nange in the average of said coal works a' reductioi or an increase in :ompensation; but the rate of com _ensation shall in no case be less :han fixed in the award. That is to iay, when the price of coal shall each $4.55 per ton the compensation will be increased 1 per cent, to con :inue until the price falls below $4.50 per ton, when the 1 per cent increase will cease, or until the price reaches p4.60 per ton, when an additional 1 per cent will be added, and so on. These averages shall be computed monthly by an accountant or clerk named by the circuit judge of the Third judicial district and paid by the coal operators such compensation as the appointing judge may fik, which compensation shall be distributed among the operators in proportion to the tonnage of each mine. In order that the basis may be laid for the successful working of the scale provided herein, it is also adjudged and awarded: Must File Wage Scale. That all coal operating companies file at once with the United States commissioner of labor a certified statement of the rates of compensa tion paid in each occupation known in their companies as they existed April 1, 1902. Ninth-No person shall be refused employment or in any way discriminat ed against on account of membership or non-membership in any labor or ganization and there shall be no dis crimination against, or interference with any employe who is not a mem ber of any labor organization by mem bers of such organization. Tenth-All contract miners shall be required to furnish, within a reason able time before each pay day a state nent ojf the amount of money due from them to their laborers, and such sums shall be deducted from the amount due the contract miners and paid directly to each laborer by the company. All employes when paid shall be furnished with an itemized I statement of account. -,_____.. mL_ _ -... . -,«. . .,.i hall continue in force until March 1, 1906, and any employe, or group f employes, violating any of the pro isions thereof, shall be subject to easonable discipline by the employ ýrs and, further, the violation df any urovision of these awards, either by :mployer or employes shall not invali late any of the provisions thereof. The commission also makes a num per of recommendations, which may ýe summarized as follows: The discontinuance of the system of employing the "Coal and Irion police," because this force is believed to have un irritating effect and a resort to the regularly constituted peace authori dies in case of necessity. A strict enforcement of laws in re Intion to the employment of children. As to Investigations. That the state and federal govern ments should provide machinery for the making of a compulsory investiga tion of difficulties similar to the in vestigation which this commission has made. The commission expresses the opin ion that with a few modifications the federal act of October, 1898, authoriz ing a commission to settle contro versies between railroad corporations and other common carriers could be made the basis of a law for arbitration in the anthracite coal mining busi ness. The commission, however, take a decided opposition against compul sory arbitration. On this point they add quite a lengthy commentary which closes in the following language: "The chief benefit to be derived from the suggestion herein made lies in placing the real facts and the re sponsibility for such condition author itatively before the people, that the public opinion, may crystalize and make its power felt. Could such a commission as that suggested have been brought into existence in June last, we believe that the coal famine might have been averted. Certainly the suffering, and deprivation. might have been greatly mitigated." The Awards. These awards and ratifications con stitute the closing part of the report. The earlier pages, and by long odds the larger portion of the report, are devoted to a review of the contro versy which led to the present agita tion in appointing to the commission to the appointment its@lf and to the proceedings of the commission during its existence. They review in a gen eral way the production of anthracite coal, refer to the small area of coun try in which it is produced and dwell at some length on the market condi tions and the price of coal. They also refer to the hazardous nature of an thracite coal mining and give an esti mate of the losses occassioned by the strike. These losses they estimate as follows: the mine employes, in wages, $25,000, 090; to the transportation companies, .8&,00,000. The commission say that i' lmaking their investigation they hav. done whatever it was practical to do to acquaint themselves with the conditions which brought about the strie, and they make the following su anry of their work: They have go through the mines and inspected th various conditions which the pro du 'on of anthracite coal involves; the have visited the breakers, the engine houses and the pumping sta tions; they have examined the ma chipery by which the mines are pro tected from water and foul air; they have talked with, the miners at their work and in their homes, and they have given attention to the economic, domestic, scholastic and religious phases of their lives; they have listen ed to and directed the examination and cross-examined 558 witnesses; they have given free scope to the coun sel who represented the operators, the non-union men and the miners, and they have devoted an entire week to hearling their arguments. Differences of Opinion. The commissioners also say that, while there have been differences of opinion among themselves, there nev er 'has been a time during the five months of the existence of the com mission when there was an unpleas ant work spoken among them, "or any indication whatever of thought.'or de sire of aught save truth and justice." The commission then takes up the demands of the mine workers and the answers of the mine operators, giv ing in detail the reasons for the find ings. In a general way they say that the conditions of the life of a mine worker outside of the mines does not justify to the full extent the adverse crticisms made by their representa tives. They also find that the social conditions in the mining communities are good and they fail to find that the wages are so low among the miners as necessarily to force them to put mission also finds that the average daily rate of earnings in the anthra cite regions does not compare favor ably with that in other industries. On the subject of the recognition of the mine workers' union, the commis sion say they do not consider that this subject is within the scope of the jurisdiction conferred on them. They do say, however, that "the suggestion, of a working agreement between em ployes and employers embodying the doctrine of collective bargaining is one which the commission believe con tains many hopeful elements for the adjustment of relations." Further on they say: "The pres ent constitution of the United Mine Workers of America does not present the most inviting inducements to the operators to enter into contractual relations with them." CHARGED WITH KIDNAPING. Colored Man Sent to involuntary Servitude in Alabama. Birmingham, Ala., March 22.-Robt. M. Franklin, L. A. Grogan, Jesse Lon don and John McDaniel, all of Gopd water, were brought to the United States court this morning by Deputy Marshals Gibson, Trammel and Gol cott of Montergomery. The men, all of whom are white, are charged with kidnaping Matesor Davis, a negro, last July, and sendlini him to Elijah Turner, who is alleged to have charge of lime works near Calcis, Ala. They are all under in dictment. It is alleged by Davis that there are 27 other negroes confined in the stock ade at Calcis and kept there in invol untary servitude. The men under in dictment are -among the most promi nent citizens of GoodWater. Severed His Head. [Special to The Gazette.] Great Falls, March 23.-Under the influence of a good-sized "jag," A Dorothy, an employe of the Grea Northern road; in this city, went ti the outskirts of the city last night anm laid down on; the main track to take 2 nap. An incoming train came along and severed the mans' head from hi body. GASTRO RESIGNS THE PRESIDENCY Caracas, March 22.--President Cas-. ro has resigned. He placed his resig cation of the presidency of the repub Ic of Venezuela in the hands of the )resident of the congress, after read ng the presidential message. The I unctions of the office are turned over i :o General Velutini, president of the senate. In the ordinary course of events President .Castro's term would have ended February 20, 1908. He was I elected president of Venezuela in Feb uary of last year, for six years, be gining February 20, 1902. Washington, March 22.-Secretary Hay last night received a dispatch from Mr. Russell, the United States charge at Cardcas, confirming the re port of President Castro's resignation, but stating that he doubted if the Venezuelan congress would accpet it. Gen. Velutini May Not Secure It. Caracas, March 22.-General Velu tini, to whom Castro has turned over the functions of the presidential of fice, is said to be one of the cleverest and shrewdest men in Venezuelan pub lic life. It is believed that if the Ven ezuelan congress refuses to accept the resignation, as intimated by Mr. Russell, the United States charge at Caracas, in his dispatch to Secretary Hay, it will be to circumvent any ac tion looking to Velutini's getting the power of government in his hands. Respecting the resumption by Pres ident Castro of the presidency, as an nounced today in a cablegram to the state department from Mr. Russell, saying that President Castro had re turned to the capital and again as sumed the presidency which he turn ed over to the vice president when he took the field in person, it was stated tonight that this obviously earlier ac tion in no way conflicted with Presi dent Castro's subsequent resignation. It was said that it was undoubtedly legally necesrary for President Cas tro to reassume the presidency in or der to resign it. Baron vo.. Sternberg, the German ambassador, was greatly surprised to hear of the resignation of President Castro. He had not received official ATTEMPTED SUICIDE. Liquor Crazed Man Tries to End His! Life. From Monday's Daily Gazette. This morning Peter Kirk, who is serving a sentence in the city jail for vagrancy, attempted to commit sui cide by hanging. Kirk, who had been drinking heavily before his commit-i ment, is believed to have been suffer ing from an attack of delerium tre mens and while in that condition sought-to end his earthly career, and: p)robably would have succeeded had the instrument of death he selected not failed him. He had been given the liberty of the corridor and taking advantage of this: climbed on top of the cell in which Lhe more hardened and dangerous prisoners are kept. There he fastened the wire of an electric light about his neck and then jumped off. Unfortu nately for his designs the wire pull-i ed out of the socket in the ceiling and instead of waking up on the other I shore, Kirk found himself lying on the hard cement floor, more or less bruised and badly surprised, but in other respec.s as well as ever. MURDERER KILLED. Run Down by Sheriff's Posse and Fought Till the Last. Denver, March 22.-A special to the Republican from Albuquerque, N. M., says: Friday afternoon, 12 miles from Monticello, Sierra county, at a sheep ranch, Ramon Ortiz shot and in stantly killed Abram Jiron. The form er was a sheepherder and the latter foreman of the ranch. The murderer at once took to the hills, and a posse headed by Deputy Sheriff Trujillo im mediately started in pursuit. A let ter from Monticello to the sheriff's office in Hillsboro yesterday states that the posse on Monday ran Ortiz to cover, when he opened fire uspon his pursuers, ani after some firing on both sides Ortiz was killed. Nominated by Democrats. x [Special to The Gazette.] Butte, March 23.-The democrats in convention this afternoon nominated Henry Mueller for mayor. Mr. Muel ler was unanimously nominated at a citizens' convention last Saturday night and his election is now genbrally looked upon as a certainty. announcement of the fact. Beyond expressing the hope that this move would in no way interfere with the Washington negotiations the minister had nothing to say. Neither the Italian nor British am bassadors had received any official in formation of the resignation. Up to a late hour tonight Mr. Bow en had not been advised officially of President Castro's resignation. Mr. Bowen said tonight that he saw no iea son why the resignation should have any effect on the present negotiations. Office May Be Kept in Official Fanmily. Washington, March 22.-The first intimation received by Secretary Hay of President Castro's resignation was given him by the Associated Press dispatch announcing the fact. He would not discuss the matter, how ever beyond saying that the news was unexpected. From an authoritative quarter, how ever, it was learned that this move on the part of President Castro has long been contemplated. Representa tions were made to him several months ago by the leaders of Vene zeula that his resignation would have the effect of enabling the people of that country to present a solid front to the world in the matters in contro versy with the several powers, The statement was made that the resigna tion is the result of a secret agreement with the leaders referred to that Pres ident Castro should temporarily re linquish his office pending the adjust ment of the matters which Minister Bowen has in hand. It was intimated by the Associated Press informant that while President Castro nominally gives up his office, it is the intention to keep it within the official family by an agreement to make Castro vice president so he would succeed to the presidency. It is the belief here, baseU' on informa tion which has been up to now kept inviolate, that the present plan is to allow President Castro to remain out of office for a short time arid' then re elect him at the next election. Mr. Pulido. the Venezuelan charge d'affaires, is absent from Washington, and it is stated is now on his way to I the Venezualan capital. IORTHERN PAtIFIl PASSENGER DITCHED [Special to The Gazette.] Missoula, March 23.-Train No. 3, Jorthern Pacific westbound passen ;er, was wrecked this morning near •lains. The accident was due to a 'ail spreading. The baggage, express nd! mail cars went into the ditch and ne man only was injured. Meager letails are only given out by the rail way officials. Traffic will be resumed .n about 10 hours. A LASTING EFFECT. This Evidence Should Prove Every Claim Made for Doan's Kidney Pills in Billings. Relief from the pains and aches of a bad back is always welcome to every backache sufferer; but to cure a lame, weak or aching back is" what's wanted. Cure it so it will stay cured. It can be done. Here's the strongest evidence to prove it: k James Niles, carpenter, of 15 East Cimmarron street, Colorado Springs, says: "When Doan's Kidney Pills cured me of an aggravated attack of kidney complaint and backache in the summer of 1899 I made that fact known to the citizens of Colorado: Springs through the newspapers so' that others who had kidney complaint in any of its various forms might know what course to pursue to get re lief. My opinion of Doan's Kidney Pills then expressed is the same to? day as it was when they were flil'8t brought to my notice. To say I re endorse the preparation mildly ex presses what I think of it." Plenty of just as convincing proof in Billings. Call at the Chapple Drug Cio.'s store and ask what their cus tomers report. For sale by all dealers; price 50 cents. Foster-Milburn Co.; Buffalo, N., Y., sole agents for the United States.: Remember the name-Doan's--an4,: take no other. 't See shoemaker under Yegen Brqi.'. Savings bank. Good work; pri right. ! ST. JOHN'S COUQH .CURS3 'ure 'our conuab. So1# b' ý