Newspaper Page Text
... e . 'Billings Gazette.
cGaette Printing Company, Publishers E. H. BECKER. Editor eOfficial County Paper. Subscription Rates. One year, in adance.............$3.00 Six months..................... 1.50 Sltgle copies..................... .0 DAILY GAZETTE. Per Year, by mail, in advance...5.00 Per Month, ny mail............. .50 Per Month, by carrier.......... .50 Entered at the Billings Poetofme as Seoond Class Matter. FRIDAY, MARCH 27, 1903. TIME TO ACT. When the Fifty-eighth congress con venes it will be the signal for peti tions from all over the west for ces sion of Indian lands and their opening to settlement. By that time the full import of the recent decision of the United States supreme court will have been realzed and the people of states where large Indians reserves are still maintained may be depended upon to ask of congress that it exercise the right which the court has declared is vested in it. It is safe to say that among the foremost and most insist ent will be those from eastern Mon tana. to whom the court has pointed out the way for obtaining that which to secure they have been petitioning and working for yearse--opening of a portion of the reservation held by the Crows. To them the court has said that it is not necessary to enter into a treaty with the Indians to secure such lands as' they do not need and which the whitemen do need and should have. By its edict the court has declared that congress has full and complete authority to open any indian lands it may desire, so long as such opening is made without total disregard of the rights of the Indians and that proper care is given that jus tice and equity shall prevail. In oth er words, it is the duty of congress to see to it that the Indians as indi vidtals are permitted to retain suf ficient land to enable them to earn a livelihood from the soil and that the money derived from the sale of their lands is expended in a manner to ben efit them, they being held to be mere wards of the government and conse "quently without capacity to direct their own affairs. As The Gazette has pointed out on several occasions, the present tribal holdings of lands by the Crows are far in excess of their needs and that jus tice, both to the Indians and the state, demands a material reduction of such holdings. No one knows better than the Indians themselves that cession of a large part of their reservation would be to their benefit. The money to be derived from the sale of their sur plus lands could be expended in the direction of improving the severalty holdings and the completion of the irrigation system absolutely necessary to make the land retained by them productive. This, with the stock that could be bought for them would soon place them in a position of independ ence of the government and instead of being a charge on the nation they would spedily become self-sustaining and rich, something desired by the Indians as much as by their white neighbors, for of all the western In dians none. perhaps, have so far ad vanced along the "whiteman's road" as the Crows. In another respect they differ also from the reservation In dians. They are anxious to progress and to this extent have seconded ev ery honest effort made to assist them in the direction of selling lands they do not require, in order that they may secure the money needed to' place them that much nearer in a position of absolute independence. They, as much as the settlers have been disappointed in the repeated failures made to cede part of their reservation and may be relied upon to offer no obstacle in the way of rati fying any subsequent treaty that may be undertaken in that direction. In order that the most intelligent effort may be made toward securing restoration to the public domain of that part of the Crow lands not nec essary for the support of the tribe to which they belong the people of east ern Montana must bestir themselves between now and the time for con gress to convene. They must work, and work hard, It will be necessary to securt data and satistics to present to congress, for although the law says that congress has the authority to take from Indians lands they do not need, it is doubtful whether congress would care to exercise that authority i a.tiltrartly and without some sem 'b si of right and justice. With the -and Agures that can be secured -i.ueh a strong argument in support i".the efforts of the people can be Li4d that congress will find it dimcult ai- -,~ to deny their prayers, and even the Indian Rights association will have to admit that no injustice will be done the Indians if part of their reservation is given over to the settlers and made to contribute to the wealth of the na. tion and the happiness of its citizens. THE EXPECTED HAPPENS. Now that the interior department has approved of and given orders for actual institution of some of the irri gation projects in the west that the government intends to carry out, it is not surprising that already complaints should be heard. It was expected that such would be the case because it is impossible to conceive of an under taking so collosal and unusual as the reclamation by the national govern ment of the vast areas included in the plans contemplated concerning which some one would not find fault. Then, too, it is but reasonable to suppose that each section which eventually will come under the provisions of the new law would be desirous of receiv ing attention first, and being disap pointed in this would be inclined to be in ill humor and say things not borne out by the facts as they really exist. Therefore it probably will surprise no one that the charge of favoritism is making and that some feeling has been permitted to show itself. From Washington comes a dispatch saying that many thousands of farm ers in the west have protested against the selections made by the department in which to make the initial applica tions of the law. They claim, so the correspondent declares, that the funds at the disposal of the department are being used to reclaim lands in which certain United States senators are in terested. The dispatch, however, fails to state that any proof is offered in substantiation of the charge and the people will probably be slow in be lieving it, taking it for granted that it is wholly unwarranted. It is hard to conceive that the present adrninistra tion, which worked so faithfully and energetically for adoption of the na tional irrigation law, would lend itself to any such scheme. On the contrary it is more reasonable to believe that it will conduct the work given it under that law fairly, impartially and with a view to the acquisition of the greatest possible results to the greatest possi ble number and thereby demonstrate the wisdom of the policy it advocated and was largely instrumental in se curing adoption of. Five projects are underlined for completion and as soon as possible actual construction will begin. They are in Montana, Wyoming, Nevada, Colorado and Arizona. Their cost, it is estimatei, will be fully $7,000,000, while the land that is to be reclaimed by them is variously estimated at from 20,000.000 to 100,000,000 acres. It is not likely that in an undertaking so stupendous the administration would be guilty of anything like the charges the dispatch says have been made. WHY, OF COURSE NOT. Of course, President Roosevelt will not shoot any of the game that he will see during his tour of the Yellowstone National park, and why it should be deemed necessary to make a state ment to that effect through the news papers can only be surmised. Al though he is the president he must obey the laws the same as the hum blest citizen and even if he were not the ardent anil thorough sportsman that he is and therefore incapable of killing any of the protected animals in the park, it is safe to say that he Sould be compelled to observe the rules that govern the nation's play ground, the same as any other man. The men of whom he is the com mander-in-chief that are kept there for the purpose of seeing that none of the rules is infringed would prob ably have no more hesitancy in tak ing him hefore the commanding of ficer at Fort Yellowstone than they n ould were it the case of a well known poacher. They have their or ':ers and know nothing except to obey hem. Certainly, the president will kill no game in Yellowstone park and how the idiotic statement ever gained currency that he would is really as tonishing. AGAIN MRS. MAYBRICK. Once more it is reported that Mrs. Maybrick is to be released from the English prison in which she has been confined since she was found guilty of having murdered her husband by feeding him arsenic. Originally she was sentenced to death, but through the intervention of friends and the exertion of powerful official influence on thin side of the ocean the sentence was commuted to one of imprison ment for life.. Since then, now al most fifteen years ago, repeated ef forts have been made to secure her pardon, but all failed, the English gov ernment even refusing to heed the petitions made in the woman's be half by the government of this na tion, for Mrs. Maybrick is an Ameri can by birth, although having mar ried an Englishman and for years prior to her trial having resided in England. To all applications for clemency made in her behalf, there has always been a polite, but firm de nial and finally it was given tQ be understood that nothing that could he done in her behalf by hqr friends and those interested in,, biher - in twie United States would have any effect. With this was coupled an in timation that more might be accom plished by not saying or. doing any thing further. Since then her case has been permitted to rest, at least so far as any official action by Amer icans has been concerned. Now comes the announcement that she is to be released, but not until next year. The home office has given out the statement, so it may be accepted as reliable and authoritative. If we are to believe what the Lon don cablegram says it is to the hbme secretary that Mrs. Maybrick is in debted to her prospec'ive pardon, that official having listened to. the pleas of her lawyers that unless she were permitted to return some valu able lands she owns and ovei which there is a legal contest would be lost to her. The same dispatch also gives out the other statement, rather broad lr, th t the, decision which has been arrivei at to restore her to liberty was due entirely to efforts and influ ences in England and that Ambassa dor Herbert has never been called upon to act in the matter. Be this as it may, the 'fact remains that many on this side will be glad to hear that she is 'to be released, for the people of A.merica have never gotten over the notion that her conviction was the result of prejudice, rather than the just outcome of a fair and impar tial trial in which the findlings were justified by the evidence. SOMETH'ING UNUSUAL. It now seems that the unusual spec tacle o'f both sides to a controversy being satisfied with the decision of the court to whom settlement of the dispute was refered is held up to view. The coal operators say they have no fault to find with the findings of the board of arbitration, while the opera tives declare they are equally well pleased. Neither . side appears to have scored a complete and final vic tory, but each gained some point for which it contended. The miners are granted an appreciable increase in pay, although the recognition of their union for wihich they held out is denied them in sum, but not in sub stance. In behalf of the owiers the arbitrators have decreed that there shall be no more strikes or walkouts over any dispute that may arise be tween them and the miners, brjt that such matters shall be left to a board of arbitrators and pending decision work shall continue without interrup tion. President Mitchell, speaking in behalf of the miners, says his side will live up to the terms of the board's decision, and ,the mine owners show their willingness in the same direction by immediately taking steps to pay the inen the arrearages of wages due them under the decision and to con tinue payment of the new wage rate fixed. A happy eriding seems to have been reached in what at one time promised to be long drawn source of trouble and annoyance to many more than those directly con eerned. ITS NOTES ARE FAULTY. Under the caption "Preparing for a National Campaign," the Great Falls Tribune declares that the intended trip through the west by President Roosevelt is not so much for the pur pose of gaining a little needed rest and recreation as for the purpose of making additions to the number of delegates to the next republican na tional convention that he hopes will be favorable to his nomination as the party's candidate for president. It does not assume to blame him for it, admitting that it is a right he has, to advance his political ambitions. The Tribune, evidently in the con fidence of some whom it regards as I competent to speak authoritatively, says Roosevelt "understands full well that he is likely to have a fight with in his own party for the nomination," adding the opinion that it is, perhaps, that phase of the situation that is at present receiving most attention from him and his friends, also saying that he would naturally expect the support of the northwestern states in the na tional convention, but a trip through them would not lessen the likelihood of that. Taking the fight in the party it says is making against Roosevelt for its premise, the Tribune comes to the conclusion that an open breach is very probable at the convention and that to heal it, it may become neces sary to unite on some other candidate. That a fight, if it may be dignified by that appelation, is making against Roosevelt by some of the men in the republican party is undoubtedly true. Those opposed 'to him are the men whom he has offended by his out spoken position on certain matters relating to the financial and economic affairs of the nation. They are to the republican party what some of the democrats are to the Tribune's ,par ty, men who believe in the superiority of the classes over the masses. The Tribune will- probably be honest enough to admit that there are some such men in its party, But that the men who are struggling against him will be successful to the extent of preventing his nomination is an en tirely different matter. They are so very much in the minority and the reason of their opposition is so well understood that for them to even hope for success is audacious. So much for Roosevelt and his trip and the opposition to him in his own party. How the Tribune can reason itself into the belief it professes to enter tain of a growing spirit of harmony within its own party is a puzzle. It candidly admits that the two most prominent men in the party and those having the largest individual follow ing, Cleveland and Bryan, are throw ing mud at one another at every pos sible opportunity and occasion, but at tempts to nullify the evil effects on the party their relative positions un doubtedly have by saying that they are alone in that attitude now. It professes to believe that Cleveland is not liked by a large section of the democratic party; that his day is past an'd that his personality need not enter into the campaign at all. In contravention of what it earlier stated regarding the loneliness of Bryan's attitude the Tribune de clares that he will undoubtedly be a force in democratic policies, but that he will not be permitted to dictate to the extent of keeping men from act ing with the democratic party be cause of the past. Did it stop there the Tribune might be said to have scored a point, but it keeps on talking and spoils all its notes sung in the effort to strike the key of harmony. In the very next sentence it avers that the democratic party will not be put in the attitude of driving from its ranks any one who 'desires to act with it on the questions of the next campaign. This is good, square, harmony talk and the Tribune is very near the key and pitch, but when it further along as severates with all the earnestness and seriousness at its command that "neither will those who acted against democracy, or sulked during late campaigns, be allowed to dominate" it touches a note that may be open to suspicion to the critical ear and one attuned to the sweet melody of the exquisite harmony the Great Falls contemporary says is to be heard in the democratic concert. The Tribune may finally hit the right note. but for the present it sings too loudly in the strain of Bryan and De Armond to be in full tune with the singers whose cadences are wafted to us from across the Missis sippi and beyond. EXEUNT RATHBONE. Whatever else they may think of him, the people of these United States can but admire Major Estes Rath bone for his nerve and audacity. Thanks to the clemency of President Palma he is enabled to breathe the air of freedom, instead of being an inmate of the'prison to which he was condemned by the Cuban court that tried him for stealing the island's pos tal funds. Although convicted on testimony that appeared irrefutible, he still insists upon his innocence. After having failed in his efforts to obtain a hearing in the United States senate, he next attempted to retrieve his lost reputation by desmirching that of General Wood, who was the military governor of Cuba at the time of his trial and conviction. Against the general he filed charges with the secretary of war. This was done on the eve of the general's departure for the Philippines. It is not necessary to say that they were promptly and unequivocally denied, to which ex tent they may be said to have been honored. Now comes the secretary of war and emphatically declares that there is nothing to Rathbone's ac cusations and justifies General Wood in all the actions the disgraced ex Cuban postmaster general alleged were wrong, saying the general had throughout acted under instructions from his superiors. This may prove to be the last of Rathbone. He is manifestly unable to secure revenge and now should subside. The people have grown tir ed him ,and although he may not know it, a majority of them' opined that in releasing him President Pal ma was guilty of an executive mis take. If Rathbone still possesses any sense he will now follow the example of Neeley, his accomplice in the frauds, and keep out of sight and hear ing for the remainder of his life. Neeley was sensible enough to avail himself of the opportunity given him to sink into obscurity and has mani fested. his continued good sense by not attempting to break out of it. STRIKING EVIDENCE. Philadelphia Record: A summary of the life insurance companies in the United: States prepared by The Specta tor, shows assets on January 1 aggre gating $2,100,138,473-an increase for the year of $187,778,198-and the sur plus over all liabilities amounted to $295,629,768. The payments to. policy holders were very nearly $200,000,000, and the total amount of insurance In force was not much less than $9,000, 00 0 0,0Q, an increase oif nearly $1,000, 000,~O6 during the year. In the last five years thi amount of life insur ance in 'force has increased 53 per. cent. These' figures relate to oa4In.~ business. Industrial insurance Ih force January 1 amounted to $1,305, 164,072, an increase of 64 per cent in five years. Thes& figures arp striking evidences of prosperity' LOOSELY DRAWN LINE. Omaha Bee: The constitution of the United States lodges the treaty making power in the president, sub ject to the concurrence of two-thirds of the senate, while it places the law making power with congress subject to approval of the president. The con stitution goes further and places cer tain limitations on the various parties to the making of laws, the principal one being that revenue measures must originate in the lower house, and it also makes treaties as binding as any law of the land. But where the treaty making power stops or crosses into the realm of the law-making Ipower is nowhere defined and the margin where the two are apt to conflict is .so broad that the only wonder is we have not had more serious controversies over it. The last striking example was when Hawaii was annexed by majority vote of the two houses after an annexation treaty had been unable to muster, the necessary two-thirds in the senate, and now we see the Cuban treaty, although ratified by an over whelming majority, made to wait upon legislation of both houses, first to de lay its enforcement, and second, to shift part of the responsibility on the representatives in the house. If the house were opposed to a treaty, this would be an effectual way of hanging it up in the air indefinitely. PLAYING IN GREAT LUCK. Washington Star: The west is playing in great luck. She Is to en joy the honor of a visit this spring from both President Roosevelt and ex-President Cleveland. The. latter's plans are not complete, but in all probability he will follow in some of the former's footsteps. It would be sacrilege to suggest within the cir cle of Mr. Cleveland's admirers that he may have in view among other things testing western sentiment to ward himself at this time. But it cannot be doubted that whatever his purposes may be his trip will afford such an opportunity. Shall he go as far as Nebraska? And shall we hear of him at Lincoln.? Mr. Bryan on one occasion while visiting the east re ferred to that section as "the enemy's country." Will Mr. Cleveland be made to feel while in the west that he is in "the enemy's country?" Prob ably not. For w'hatever the west may think of his financial views and record. she will treat her distinguish ed guest, we may be sure, with due courtesy. The presidential campaign is on. And why not? WHAT'S IN A NAME? Anaconda Standard: There is a suggestion of confidence in the name selected for the new cup defender. She is to be christened Reliance and, while the name lacks the patriotic flavor of some of the other names pro posed, it will serve excellently. One of the favorite names suggested was Eagle; Indepenkldence was also urged by many and there were those who thought that Republic should be paint ed on the defender's bow. All of these names possessed the merit of having a patriotic tinge, lut this considera tion was ou.weighed by the belief that has become current among yachtsmen that, to win, a cup defend er must have a name containing eight letters. It was thi consideration that had chief weight in determining the name of the new craft, superstition based upon tradition being an element of prime importance among yachtsmen. In the twelve contests for the Amer ica cup, seven have been been won by yachts with eight letter names. Three times the name was Columbia, the same Columbia winning two events. But it should also be noted that five of the British losers have borne names of eight letters. It must be considered, therefore, that eight letters, while our mascot, are the Brit ish hoodoo. In the first cup race the America's nearest rival was the Aurora-seven letters against six. Then the flve-let tered American boat Magic won from the seven-lettered Cambria. The eight lettered Columbia then successfully defended the cup against the seven lettered Livonia. Next the eight-let tered Maldeline won from the Count ess of Dufferin, whose eighteen let ters availed her naught. In the fol -lowing race it was eight, letters against eight, the Mischief winning from the Atalanta. Then it was seven against seven in the Puritan-Genesta event. The Volunteer and Mayflower had each nine letters to seven each for their opponents, the Galatea and Thistle. The next international race opened the era of eight-lettered boats on each side, Vigilant winning from Valkyrie; Defender from Valkyrie I.: Columbia from Shamrock; and Colum-. fWoDd's Best: Metiiine. PAIN 'S CELERY COMPOUND Has Made People Well When Every Other Remedy Has Failed. Paine's Celery Compound cures disease I It has saved the lives of thousands of sufferers. It has made the weak strong, vigorous, and happy. Paine's Celery Compound purifies the blood and builds up the nervous system as nothing else can do; it is pre-eminently the great life giver and health maker. Overworked and tired women stand in ur gent need of this health giving prescription to make and keep them well. All women should take advantage of the remarkable power of this best of medicine for restoring vigor to the blood and strength to the nervous system. The all-important thing for nervous, run down, and sleepless women is that Paine's Celery Compound fortifies the whole physical system, and by correcting digestion and regulating the he ves, it insures sound, refreshing sleep. In every case of sickness Paine's Celery Com pound completely and permanently brings back health. Mrs. Dlary M. Myers, Balti more, Ohio, saved by Paine's Celery Compound after the failures of able physicians, gratefully writes as follows: "I suffered for eight years witl, nervous prostration and the general debility common to' women, and had such pains in my back that I could not get around the house. I used several remedies and consulted several of the best physicians without obtaining any relief. Paine's Celery Compound restored me to health. "I also want to say to all mothers that Paine's Celery Compound is a splendid medi cine for their children." Diamond Dyes. ,o They lake Old Clothes Look HNew, Direction book and 45 dyed samlaeml fre. DIAMOND DYES, Burlsington, Vt. bia, again, from Shamrock II. Npw that Sir Thomas Lipton has clung to the eight-letter Shamrock, nothing re mained for the Americans but to ad here to the eight-letter system and thus it is that the new boat that will meet the Columbia in the trial races will be called the Reliance instead of Eagle, Republic or Independence. This insures at least a good start toward victory and, unless Sir Thomas has the "bit of good luck" that he says is all he needs to win, Reliance will maintain the prestige of American eight-lettered boats. KNOX BLAZED THE WAY. * Des Moines Register and Leader: In view of the uncertainties that be set the trust problem at the time At torney General Knox delivered his Pittsburg address, it must be set down as one of the most effective public ut terances in our political history. The Sherman law, which so able a man as ex-Senator Edmonds has declared ex hausted the powers of congress to deal with the trusts, had failed in important instances. So many dif ficulties attended an attempt to secure a constitutional amendment, that at best that afforded only the remote prospect of a remedy. The most care ful students of the prdblem were at sea, and the great corporations felt comparatively secure from any effec tive supervision or restraint. That under such circumstances a single speech should be made that at once focussed public sentiment appealed to courts and to legislators, and led to definite action in the short time that has since passed, is certainly remark able. It is an illustration of what in telligent leadership means in political organization. 'The clear insight of At torney General Knox and courageous and unflinching championship of Pres idcent Roosevelt have exemplified in connection with the trust legislation of the past congress, American states mnanship at its best. SHEARING PENS 4t the Twenty-Mile Ranch, on Mus selshell Road. The undersigned has established shearing pens for the accommodation of sheepmen at the Newton ranch. Every facility for the handling of any number of sheep will be provided at reasonable prics.- For further infor mpation apply at the ralnch or address 94-8f C. C. HESKETT, Billings. Shearing Notice. Don't forget that progress has been made in the development of shearing machines and today the "Improved Stewart" stands in advance of them all for fast, smooth cutting and dura bility. We positively guarantee 50 'er cent less for repairs than on any other machine made. Our gear drive is warranted for three years against all breakage and we furnish all re pairs for the shear the first season. We can give you the best machine ait living price. Machines in use now at South St. Paul. FLEXIBLE SHAFT SHEARING MACHINE CO. 183 Ontario St., Chicago. Addresa W. H. Austin, Great Falls, Mont., Agent. kmi