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The Billings Gazette._
VOL. XIX. BILLINGS. YELLOWSTONE COUNTY. MONTANA, TUESDAY, MAY 12, 1903. NO 3. Yellowstone "" National Bank BILLINGS CAPITAL. - $50,000 SURPLUS - $20,000 A. L. BABCOCK, President DAVID PRATT, Vice-President G. A. ORIOGS, Cashier B. H. HOLLISTER, As't Cash DIRECTORS. A L. BABCOCK. DAVID FRATT. G. A. GRIGGS. ED. CARDWELL PETER I.ARSON. Regular Banking in all its Branches. Safe Deposit Boxes Rented. .Special Attention 61ven to Collections. DEALERS IN okliereign and Domestic Exchange. Yegen Bros. Savings Bank OP BILLINGS. ..ONTANA. l Transact a General B-nking Busineas. Admiuister Estates. Buy and Sell Real Estate and Live Stock. Responsible Capital, $125,000 Collect Rnits and Take Charge of Buslnesn A$. fairs for Non-Residents. FRED INABNIT, Cashier. BillingsState Bank Capital Stock, $50,000.00 OFFICERS: 'aul McCormick, President. B. G. Shorey, Vice-Pres. Charles Spear, Cashier. H. A. Haynes, Teller. DIRECTORS: H. C. Bostwick A. C. Johnson, ' C. O. Gruwell, Paul McCormick. A. H. Barth, B. G. Shorey, Chas. Spear. '-ansact a General Banking Business. GRUWELL BLOCK BILLINGS, MONTANA. itle. Abstract Company Ye own the only abstracts of title to all real Mtate in Yellowstone county and are pre ared to examine titles and furnish certified Lbstracts. fflce Real Estate Block, Billings, Montana Not the Only Place BUT A io lod Place ,, For Your Home ofrth Side Town Lots For Sale Peh Real Estate, Loan & Title Co, BILLINGS, MONTANA. JAS, K, MOORE Successor to A. C. HOOSE weler and Optician Gradta.e of two optical .colleges. lsi attention to school chlf. s eyes,. tistetion guaranteed and prices te for expert service. charge for advice as to whether need glasses or if old ones are t.il here Dermaapently. AS TO THE SUB STATION STATE IS NIGGARDLY WITH ITS ASSISTANCE. FORMINC PLANS FOR FUTURE Experiments in Sub-Draining for Re moval of Alkali from Soil Tree Growing. iV Until some future legislature sees fit to make an appropriation for its equipment and maintenance the sub experiment station in Yellowstone county will remain an object of char ity and the good people of the county I will probably be called upon to con tribute to the support of the institu. tion. The law establishing the station and donating land does not carry an ap propriation with it. The authority to create the station and the right to use the abandoned penitentiary site for the purpose of carrying on such experimentation as is desired is all the bill provides for. 'Because of the doubt that existed as regards the adaptability of the soil for the pur pose intended, a provision was con tained in the bill authorizing exchange of the ground donated for some other better calculated to serve the end In view. The exchange has been ef fected and now the state has 20 acres of land within the required distance of Billings, but that is all. There is no money at the disposal of the trus tees to make improvements, buy im plements or to purchase any of the many things required to place the statiofl on a proper footing. Government's Policy.. An idea seems to be prevalent that the general government may be in duced to give its assistance to the project, the same as it does yearly to the head station at Bozeman. Doc tor Traphagen of the main station, who accompanied Governor Toole and Secretary of State Hays on the occa sion of their recent visit to Billings, appears to think that it is useless to look to the federal department of ag riculture for any assistance. To The Gazette he said that it was the policy of the department to discourage all sub-stations by withholding its aid and doing all it can toward making the main stations as thorough in their ap pointments as possible and as effect ive in their wark as they can be.made. In the case of the station attached to the agricultural college of this state he said the department allowed $15, 000 annually toward its maintenance. None of this money is permitted to; be paid out for fuel, janitor wages, rent or any other of the incidental expenses attached to operating the station. The appropriation must be used in the payment of salaries. for the director and his assistants, in the carrying on of experiments and such like purposes. While the sum seemed large, still, the doctor said, every cent of it was needed for the uses limited by the department and more could be expended to good ad vantage. He said he thought he would be permitted to employ some of the mon ey given by the department in making necessary surveys of the tract the state has donated for the sub-station, as that was one of the first and most important requisites. As to the use to which the land could be put this year he. was hot ,quite clear. He thought, however, that an effort would be made to arrange with some rancher nearby to take charge of it add cultivate it and raise such cereals and grasses as the main station might conclude to experiment with. While such an arrangement .would not be as satis factory as was desired, it. seemed to be the best that could be made un der the existing conditions and cir cumstances. In the course of time, he hoped, the state would deal liber ally with the station and provide the funds needed to carry out the objects of its establishment. Plans for Future. As soon as possible, he continued, it was the intention to experiment in the way of sub-draining for the removal of the alkali in the soil and tbhus by actual tests and experimen tation show that the presence. of the salt nlathe soil was pot, as Uapyqnow bJsltagn a ina surnountable obtacle i in bringing the land of the Yellow stone valley to its highest. possible degree of productivty. The plan un der contemplation is the introduction of tiling at a depth of a few feet be low the surface, say three or four feet. The water introduced onto the land for irrigating purposes will act as a dissolvent of the alkali. The salt held in solution will follow the natural inclination of the water and find its way into the drainage pipes, to" be carried off. That which is forced toward the surface in response to the laws of evaporation kwill go no irther than the pipes, where it will be taken up by the water coming from auove and also carried away. Thus by taking advantage of nature's law and by the aid of science it is hoped that in the course of a reasonable time the soil may be cleared entirely of the deleterious mineral and made the equal of any in the world, so far as its producing capacity is concern led. Will False Fruit. One of the principal 'uses to which it is purposed to put the sub-station is in the way of experimenting with .shrubbery and trees, particularly ose of the fruit bearing varieties. 's regarded by Doctor Traphagen there is no reason why the Yellow stone valley should not become one of the great fruitgrowing regions of the northwest. He realizes the fu tility of attempting to grow on a large scale some of the less hardy varieties, such as peaches and simimlar others requiring a milder and more equable climate than the valley has, but for all that he believes that by the use of good judgment and proper effort the Yellowstone valley can success fully produce all the apples and kin dred fruits of the hardier kinds re quired for home consumption in addi tion to making a generous contribution to the market of the state. Montana apples are already recognized as among the very best produced in the country and in the opinion of the doctor the Yellowstone valley in time can be made a. strong competitor of the valleys of the western part of the state, which are known all over- for the excellency of their apples. It was because of the plans enter tained in this respect that the doc tor, speaking for the future, objected to the old penitentiary site. Having a southern exposure he recognized the fact that it would be a poor place for experimentation in arboriculture. The early warm days of the spring would start the trees too soon and they would be subject to frost long before those situated differently would be affected. THESE ARE NAMED. Mater Foster Announces Appointmen of Council Committees. ¶ayor Foster has decided upon the personnel of the different committee: of the council and wilh announce then at the next meeting of that body. Ai constituted the committees are as fol lows: Finance-Bouton, Berky, Williams Streets and sidewalks-Williams Brewer and Schmudlach. Ordinances-Sturm, Bouton anc Brewer. Officers (except police) and bonds Berky, Bennighoff and Sturm. Fire, water and light-Grein, Sturm and Brewer. Improvements and city property Schmudlach, Bennighoff and Brewer. Sewers-Bennighoff, Grein and Schmudlach. -olice and license-Brewer, Grei and Williams. .'A Startling Test. To save a life, Dr. T. G. Merritt, of No. Mehoopany, Pa., made a startling test resulting in a wonderful cure. He writes, "a patient was attacked with violent hemorrhages, caused by ulceration of the stomach. I had often found Electric Bitters excellent for acute stomach and liver troubles so I prescribed them. The. patient gapin ed from the first, and has not had an attack in 14 months." Electric Bitters are positively guaranteed for dyspepsia, indigestion, constipation and kidney troubles. Try them. Only 50c at Chapple Drug Co.'s. Chas. R. Schlappi, the veteran piano tuner, is in town on his regular annual visit. Now is the time to have your piano overhauled. Leave orders at Grand hotel or drop postal card. 6 A Farmer Straightened Out. "A man living on a larm near here came in a short time ago completely doubled up with rheumatism. I hand ed him a bottle of Chimberlain's Pain Balm and told him to use it freely and .if not satisfied after using it he need not pay a cent for it," says C. P. Rader, of Pattens Mills, N. Y. "A few days later he walked into the store as straight as a siring and hand ed me a dollar saying, 'give me another bottle'of Chamberlala's Pain Balm. I want it in the house all the time for it cured me."' For sale by all drug aists. PUT THEORY IN PRACTICE WINTER IRRIGATION TO BE TRIED IN MONTANA. HAS MUCH WORK OUTLINED Elwood Mead Tells of Agricultural Department's Plans Concern in the State. -j V Winter irrigation is to be made the subject of thorough study in Montana this year by the irrigation bureau of the department of agriculture. It is a popular belief of those who have given the matter thought that if soil can. be filled with water in winter the amount of rainfall in the semi-arid regions during the summer will prove sufficient for the production of crops without the introduction of more wa ter. To give this belief test is the intention of the bureau. A few days ago Elwood Mead, chief of the irrigation investigations of tL~e department of agriculture at Washing ton, was at Helena. While there he met by appointment Professor Fortier, director of the experiment station at Bozeman, and the two had a consulta tiqn with the governor and assistant state examiner in regard to fiele work to be done in the stdte this year by the department. In an interview Mr. Mead said: "This branch of the department of agriculture. co-operates largely witih the state agricultural experiment sta tions and enables them to extend their studies beyond what their means would permit; so that the work We are doing and propose to do in Mon tana is entirely co-operative with the station at Bozeman. Helping Ditch Builders. "Qne of the things our branch of the depart `ent proposes to do this year is to Measure the amount of water used in irrigation and the effect of different methods of applying water in the quantity needed. In this man ner we will measure the water used on 18,000 acres of land in the Bitter Root valley. We will also make meas urements to determine the losses to canals by seepage' and losses to can als and reservoirs by evaporation. "These results will be published in bulletin form and distributed among the farmers. The object is to show what can be done with the water sup ply and furnish facts that ditch build ers will need in planning new works, and assist farmers who come into the west from the eastern states by giv ing them the facts as already proven by experience in their new homes. If we can help to increase the area irrigated by an inch of water, then we have done that whicht..pstifies the establishment of the department, and we feel sure that we can do this. Winter Irrigation. "Another thing we are arranging to do this year is to study what can be done with winter irrigation and the' use of the 'flood waters of the little streams that come down out of the hills. There are comparatively large areas in Montana where crops can bey grown without irrigation. We believe there are other areas where, if we can fill the soil in winter or save the water that goes to waste in the spring, crops can be grown regardless of whether there is water for late irri-'1 gation. We are going to arrange with farmers to winter-irrigate tracts in those sections where we believe such irrigation will grow profitable crops. The location of these trials has not' yet been determined, but they will. -robably be made in the Gallatin and Prickjy Pear valleys and in the vi cinity of Great Falls. "We are going to gather statistics I of ory farming and make reports on the methods and yields. Work similar I to this will be carried on :n Oregon and California, and this will give us a.l cpor'`,nity to comn;'..je results. * Drain Seepaue Water. "One of the branches of the work is .the preparation of plans for the removal of surplus and seepage water , in irrigation. I have just come from the Yakima valley, where some of the older irrigated lands will have to be % drained, and where our drainage ex pert, C. G. Elliott, is now at work. He will probably visit the Yellowstone i valley later in the season and look over some of the lands there that have t been filled up with seepage water." Montana Will Share. i Mr. Mead was on his way east from < a tour of the coast states. He spoke of the outlook for all the western s states and said: "I have lived in the west 20 years, I but never have I seen a time when t the prospects for rapid settlement and v extension of the irrigation system f were more favorable than they are t today. Settlers are 'coming into ev ery one of the arid states, and many 1 of these are farmers of the east who 1 have come with money and are able v to buy lands and improve them at s Qnce. Take the case of California. T'hat state is filling very rapidly and i this year there will be more new ir r rigators in the state than in any pre vious year in its history. "In the Yakima valley ot WashIng ton farm land prices have doabled vifblR ~fthe laa twoq, ygStg. PUlIR traveling down the valley one can see new farm houses going up in ev. ery direction. "Montana is going to share in this growth, and we want to do what we can toward helping the newcomers to make as few mistakes as possible.' HIS WARDROBE DEPLETED. Constable Sells Personal Effects ol AlIeged Forger Landers. Yesterday morning a trunk, a valise and some other personal effects be longing to Landers, the alleged forger who is serving a sentence in the coun. ty jail tor carrying concealed weapons, were sold at constauie's sale in satis. faction of an attachment made on the complaint of the Donovan-McCormick company. The claim of the -company amounted to a little over $20. This with the costs caused the bill against .e chattels to foot up $31. The Bill. ings State bank was 'the purchaser, paying $40 for the outfit, which is worth considerably more, consisting of several suits of clothes and a lot or underclothing, etc. A watch and a couple of rings and one or two other articles of Jewelry were attach. ed by the bank at the time of Lan ders' arrest and are in possession of .xle sheriff. As yet nooling has been heard from the rawaltan bank on which Landers presented a check shortly arter his arrival in the city and which the bank cashed. Of course, neiner has any thing been seen or heard of the "wife" the man said he expected, nor of the partner who was to meet him here and engage in the stock business with him. FICURINO ON AN EXCURSION MANY WANT TO VISIT CUSTER BATTLEFIELD. TWO CITIES ARE AT WORK People of B+'lings and Sheridan Open Correspondence with Burlington Railroad Officials. Not discouraged by the repeated failures of the last few years to in duce the Burlington company to fuir nish transportation for 'an excursion on Decoration day to the Custer bat tlefield, efforts are making this year in the same direction. It is now four years since the last exercises were held on taLat historic field and the old soldiers and citizens generally of Billings and Sheridan are of the opinion that the railroad com pa,ny can afford to be a little more g~nerous and accommodating this year and make it possible for the two cities to gather there and pay tribute to the memory of the many dead who are sleeping on that blood drenched spot. In both places com mittees have been appointed to take up the matter with the officers of the company and if possible induce them to furnish special service for the ac commodation of the thousands who are desirous of spending the day there. Last Sunday Judge Goss, represent ing the former soldiers, and General Agent Segur of the Burlington visited Sheridan for the purpose of confering with the citizens there and ascertain their sentiment. They found the greatest enthusiasm prevailing and also learned that already communica tion had been opened on the subject with the Omaha officers of the Bur lington. The Sheridanites assured them of an immense attendance, as not only almost everybody in Sheridan wanted to go, but also many from all over Wyoming and if assurance coild be had that transportation would be forthcoming visitors Irom beyond the borders of their state would certainly come on. / It has been suggested that for the accommodation of the excursionists from dings it would not be neces sary to run a special train. The hour at which the regular passenger train now leaves for the south is early enough to enable it to reach the bat tlefield before noon. iteturning the visitors could come back on the freight train which arrives there about 6 o'clock in the evening. All that would be required, would be a few extra coaches, which could be attached to the trains, thereby obviating the ne cessity of an extra locomotive. Even It it were impossible to provide the coaches, arrangements could still be made for the excursionists by fitting up freight cars with rough benches, as is often done on occasions of that kind. Because of the shortness of the journey Gnat manner of traveling would not prove exceptionally uncom fortable and many would gladly'avail themselves of the opportunity to go. Encouraged by the prospects of the large number who would certainly go, Mr. Segur has taken up the question 4 with headquarters and is hopeful of I success. In his efforts he will be sec ended by Superintendent Gillette, * who is desirous that'an excursion be I run. - For Sale. Sixteen well-bred sters from 10 to 14 months old. 3 3 $. W, g LIW ;- . $~·b~rulb~ POSSIBLY A FIRST STEP STATE ARID LAND COMMISSION VISITS BILLINGS. WILL CONSULT THE PEOPLE Members Desirous of Learning Popu lar Wish Concerning hunt. ley Flat Lands. What may possibly '~e the first step in the direction of making some dis. position of the tract of land owned by the state to the east of Billingi was taken today. Under the provisions of the Carey act the land passed into possession of the state, to be ultimately reclaim ed and sold to actual settlers. Nothing was ever done with it and ever since it reverted to the state it has been lying idle, with but little prospect of its reclamation. Recently, as the readers of The Gazette will remember, several gentlemen representing a syndicate in the state of Washington visited tqis locality and entered into negotiations with the Northern Pa. cific company for the purchase of the land owned by the company, the intention being to irrigate it and place it on the market. To secure full con trol of all the land in that' sectlon they also entered into correspondence with the state arid land hoard, the object being to, if possible, buy the state's holdings there. As the law is framed thb state cannot sell the land before it is irrigated. When' this fact became known negotiatibns; it any were begun, ended. Now, how ever, there is a possibility that the land may yet be reclaimed and inade available tor settlement. If the state so wills it has the prir. liege of returning the land, which, while nominally held by the state, is in reality only yithdrawn from entry, to the general: .governlient. Should this be done the land would, of course, 'again become a parts of the public domain and be. p.nect to entry under the federal land laws. It is with 'a view to looking into,the situation and to ascertain the wishes of the people hereabouts in thib re gard that the' members of the rstate arid land commission are here today. The commission is. composed. of the state engineer, who is the chairman; secretary of state and the public ex aminer. 'The first named, J. W. Wane, arrived from Helena yesterday and made an inspection of the land. The others. George Ma. Hays and W. Hud nall, arrived this morning. In speak ing of the matter yesterday Mr. Wade said that the board desired' to famil iarize itself with the situation and obtain an expression from the people as to what disposition of the land would be likely to prove the most acceptable to them. should a majority be of the belief that it would be to the advantage of the state and narticularly this part -of it to permit the government to take batk the land and onen it for entry It is vrvy likely that that wish will 'receive considera tio-i from the commission. "T'.dging from the remarks henrd yes ter.dav the assunmpti.- is warranted that the members of the commission will find a great many in favor of state surender of the land and its reversion to the government. If this were done. it was generally said, the hone would be warranted that before long a system of irrigation would be introduced that would cause. every availahle acre to be taken up by set tiers. Those who thus exnressed them selves were of the opinion th.t the Washington company would probably close with the railroad company and begin construction of a ditch. 'bhe right to use wqter from th,' "anal would than ',e s.Pd to settlera on the government land and the entire area would be speedily under cultivation and be the source of revenue to that state, whereas it is now absolutely of no benefit to anyone. While in the course of time, it was said, the state might reclaim the land and sell it, that time is now seemingly so far distant as to make waiting for it a good deal of a forlorn hope. Too Great a Risk. In almost every neighborhood some one has died from an attack of colic or cholera morbus, otten before med icine could be procured or a physician summoned. A reliable remedy for these diseases should be kept at hand. The risk is too great for anyone to take. Chamberlain's Colic, Cholera and Diarrhoea Remeuy has undoubt edly saved the lives of more people and Telieved more pain and suffer ing than any other medicine in use. It can always be depended upon. For' sale by all druggists. Made Young Again.; "One of Dr. King's New Life lil. each night for two weeks hbsi plat ~amo in my 'teens' ,again, .' D:wrl·e ,U Turner of Dempseytown Pa. ' the best in the world for lveT ach and bowels. Purely Never .gripe. Only (P g Drag Co.'s store.