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KNOCKED OUT SWEEPING DECISION OF U. S. SU PREME COURT. FORTIFIES SHERMAN LAW Establishes Right of Government to Prevent Combinations Among Manufacturers. Washington, Jan. 30.-The supreme eourt of the United States today de cided the case of the United States against Swift & Co., known as the beef trust case, charging conspiracy among the packers to fix prices on fresh meats, etc. The opinion was handed down by Justice Holmes and affirmed the decision of the court be Icw, which was against the packers. In his opinion Justice Holmes dis cussed at length the various conten tions of the packers and disposed of them individually. He admitted that some of the charges were less specific than, desirable, but said this was nec essarily true on account of the vast extent of the field covered. He added that sufficient evidence had been shown to prove continuous offenses and an offense of such a nature as to j.ustify the proceedings. The opinion continues the injunction granted against the bIackers under the Sher man anti-trust law by the lower oourts. The opinion was concurred in by all the members of the court. Charges That Are Sustained. Summarizing the bill, Justice Holmes said: "It charges a combination of a dominant proportion of the dealers in fresh meats throughout the United States not to bid against each other in the livestock markets of the different states; to bid up prices for a few days in, order to induce the cattlemen to send their stock to the stock yards; to Ax prices at which .they will sell, and to that end to restrict shipments of meat *when necessary; to establish a uniform rule of credit to dealers and to keep a blacklist; to make unitorm and improper charges for cartage and inally to get less than lawful rates from the railroads to the exclusion ot competitors." He also said: "The commission al leged embraces restraint and monop oly of trade within a single state, al \though its effect upon commerce among the states is not accident, sec ondary, remote or merely probable." Speaking further on the question of interference with interstate com merce, Justice Holmes said that a charge was made of a combination of independent dealers to restrict the competition of the agents who pur hbase stock for them in the stock yards. Intent Is Monopoly. "The purchasers and their slaugh tering establishments are," he said, "largely in different states from those of the stock yards and the sellers of the cattle, perhaps it is not too much to assume, largely in different states from either. The intent of the com bination is not merely to restrict com petition among the parties, but, as we 2 ave said, by force of the general alle t gation at the end of the bill, to aid in an attempt to monopolize commerce among states." t He added: When cattle are sent for sale from a place in one state, with Sthe expectation that they will end S their transit after purchase, in an oether, and when in effect they do so, with the only interruption necessary heing to find a purchaser at the stock S ards, and when this is a typical, con t staantly recurring course the current thus existing is a current of commerce among the states, and the purchase of the cattle is a part and incident of nich commerce." Is Under Supervision of Congress. With reference to the allegations that no interstate commerce is involv ed in the sale of meats 'by the packers, the opinion says: "The allegations of the second section, even if they im port a technical passage of title at the slaughtering places, also import that the sales are to persons in separate states, and shipments to other states mre part of the transaction-pusuant to such sales--and the third section imports that the same things which are sent to agents are sold by them, ad aufficiently indicates that some, at at least, of the sales are of the origi mat packages. Mor'eover, the sales are yy persons in one state to persons in eiother. But we do not mean to im that the rule which marks the S aIt which state taxation or regu becomes permissible necessar b- beyond the scope of interference quOnesW Iu eases where such Inter is deemed necessary for the t of commerce among the sates. Nor do we mean to Intimate that the statute under consideration is limited"to that point. At Eer referring in detail to the ob jections to the original bill of comrn plaint, and disposing of all of them as insufficient, J us .ce H-oimes said: "The defendants cann.-ot be ordered to com pete, but they properly can be forbid den to give directions or *to make agreements not to compete." Modifications of the injunction were suggested as follows: "The general words of the injunc tion, 'or by any other method or de vice,' the purpose and effect of which is to restrain commerce as aforesaid, should be stricken out. The defend ants ought to be informed as accu rately as the case permits what they are forbidden to do. Specific devices are mentioned in the bill, and they stand prohibited. The words quoted are a sweeping injunction to obey the law, and are open to the objection which we stated at the beginning that it was our duty to avoid." Decision Is Far-Reaching. Chicago, Jan. O0.-Judge Peter S. Grosscup of the United States circuit court ,speaking or the decision, said: "The decision establishes the right cr the government to prevent combina tions among the manufacturers of meats. It fortifies the Sherman act. It is a long step in the direction of ef fectual government supervision. "But, to my mind, the real signitl cance of the decision is much deeper and far-reaching than even this. It effectively clears the decks of what I believe will be the next really great national movement-as the restriction and finally the abolition of slavery was the last great fundamental movement -the organization and supervision, by the nation itself, of the great corpora tions of the future, a movement whose chief object will be. not so much to control prices, or merely to curb pow er, as to bring corporate ownership within the reach and reasonable confi dence of the people at large, and thus to repeopleize and republicanize again the industrial ownership of the coun try." Makes Injunction Permanent. John S. Miller, wro acted as special counsel tor the packers in the pro ceedings, said: "The order as I un derstand it simply makes permanent the injunction restraining the packers from doing business in restraint of trade and in violation of the Sherman trust law. "They have assured me repeatedly that they have done nothng in viola tion of these. Hence the permanent restraining order does not in any mat ter inconvenience teem. It does not charge them with or convict them or' wrongdoing. I cannot say what fur ther action may De taken. The only thing that I see that could be done would be to request a rehearing of the case." Officials of Swift & Co. declined to discuss the supreme court decision. J. Ogden Armour, president of Armour & Co., was equally reticent. TWENTY MURDERS BY YAQUIS. Are 300 Well-Armed Indians on the. Warpath-Torres in Pursuit. Tucson, Ariz., Jan. 30.-W. V. Daly, a prominent mining engineer and mine owner, just arrived from Minas Prie tas, say that the Yaqui situation in Mexico is very serious. There are probably 300 Yaquis out, divided into 12 to 17 bands. Depredations so far have been con fined to the Cobachi district. The Indians are well armed, and ac cording to Daly, are killing Americans and Mexicans without discrimination. Twenty people, says Daly, four of whom are Americans, have been killed in the district within the past week. General Torres and Governor Ysabel with Mexican troops are pursuing the renegades. Torres is considered the best Indian fighter in the Mexican army. Advices at Prietas Sunday were to the effect that Torres had surrounded a large band of Indians in Uvala Ma canyon, in the Mazatian mountains. MARTIAL LAW IS DECLARED. Preparations to Wipe Out Ladrones Now Terrorizing Cavite. Manila, Jan. 30.-Habeas corpus has been suspended in the provinces of Cavite and Batangas. Major General Corbin is heartily co-operating with Governor Wright and is giving him every possble aid in suppressing law lessness. Federal troops consisting of detachments of picked sharpshooters work in conjunction with the native scouts and the constabulary. Federal troops garrison the towns and martial law has practically been established. The force of bandit Ladrones is esti mated at 500. The bandits have inti midated peacefully inclined natives, vho have been forced to assist them. All orders for cut flowers, designs, etc., promptly filled at Miss Panton's. Roses, $1.60; carnations, 76c. 3019 Montana avenue. Both phones. tt FATHER COPON HAS ESCAPED IS NOW SUPPOSED TO BE IN SWEDEN. NEW COMPLICATIONS ARISE Attack On British Vice Consul May Rise to Storm in Eng land. St. Petersbnurg, Jan. 30.-New com plications between Great Britain and Russia are feared on account of the attack on the British consul and vice consul at Warsaw Saturday night Coming on the heels of the placards posted by Assistant Chief of Police Roudeneff at Moscow, charging Great Britain with initiating the revolution in Russia, the Warsaw incident is like ly to arouse an outburst in Great Brit ain which may again strain relations between the two countries. Beyond the fact of the attack at Warsaw, resulting in the wounding of the British vice consul, who is now i a hospital, the British embassy here has no details ot the affair, but Sir Charles Hardynge has already deliver ed a note to Foreign Minister Lams dorff asking for an immediate investi gation and explanation, reserving any claims which may be hereafter made and at the same time asking for the protection of British consuls through out the empire. By the first train he also dispatched Major Napier, the British military attache, to Warsaw, to secure a full report on the circum stances. More Arrests Made. St. Petersburg, Jan. 30.-Arrests continue. Among those seized last night and conveyed to St. Peter and St. Paul fortress were Yakonbovich, the poet, who served a term of exile in 1886 for connection with the revolu tionaries; Mme. Pimehoff, an aged writer, and her daughter. Father Gopon, it has now been dell nitely established, escaped through Finland and was conveyed across the gulf to Sweden by sympathetic friends. At present he is supposed to be in Stockholm. A story has been started and which is attributed to the police that Gopon is a Jew. The zemstvos of Saratoff, Novgorod and Vladmir have adjourned because the St. Petersburg zemstvos are prac tically in control of the governmental machinery of the provinces and some of the liberals are trying to induce others to close with the object of fur ther embarrassing the government and compelling it to accede to the de mand for the convocation of a con stituent assembly. A marshal of the nobility from one of the central provinces has expressed the opinion to the Associated Press that the government could not extri cate itself from the present situation without very substantial concessions. Arrests at Sevastopol. London, Jan. 30.-A dispatch to the Daily Graphic from Sevastopol eays: "In consequence of the gravity of the situation here the government has in vestigated the naval and military com manders with full powers to repress disorders. Over 900 arrests have been made." Barracks Are Dynamited. Vienna, Jan. 30.-A telegram from Czentsohow, Poland, reports that a bomb was thrown in the cavalry bar racks there today and that many sol diers were wounded. The act is sup posed to have been in revenge for bru tality in dispersing a workmen's meet ing. Other dynamite outrages are re ported to have occurred in'he neigh borhood of Lodz. A gendarme is re portd to have been killed. Becoming Serious at Warsaw. Warsaw, Jan. 30.-The strike disor ders are becoming more serious. The ordinary life of the city is quite sus pended. On Saturday the strikers stopped the street car service, but remained otherwise orderly. Today, however, they began wholesale pillage. The majority of the shops in Marsh. ski street and the state vpdkaat were looted. All the factories, shops and schools and theatres are closed, and the street lamps are extinguished. There have been several collisions between the police and the strikrs and many ar. rests have been made. Peace-abiding citizens are terror-stricken. Latest styles in Job printing at The Gusette olmo. DYNAMITERS WRECK WELL. Big Gusher Sunk for Minnesota City Is .Blown Up. Crookston, Minn., Jan. 311.-The fa mous Bessie Street arteskn well re. .cently completed by the Crookston Waterworks, Power and Light com pany, was dynamited yesterday morn ing at 2:30 and it is feared was com pletely wrecked, though the damage cannot be stated definitely at this time. The well was 215 teet deep and for a distance of 80 feet a circular brick curbing eight feet in diameter had been built. The pump was installed at the bottom of the curbing Saturday last and the well was ready for opera tion. It was sunk to give Crookston a pure water supply and was to have been pumped into the city mains in place of the river water. The outrage has caused a tremend ous sensation and all the civil machin ery has been started to land the mis creant. The well had cost something over $10,000. W. J. Murphy of Min neapolis is the principal owner of the water works and light company. The explosion broke many windows and frightened the residents of the city nearly out of their wits, several women being on the verge of hyster ics. Many people remained up the bal ance of the night, frightened by the trembling of their houses. There are rumors, with no apparent basis, that the well was destroyed by the owners of smaller wells whose flow was damaged by the big well. It is thought that the damage will reach $5,000, though this is conjec ture. NAVIGATES AIR AT WILL SUCCESSFUL FLIGHT OF THE "CALIFORNIA ARROW." New and Powerful Motor the Mahin Factor of Successfui.l Test. Los Angeles, Jan. 30.-Roy Knaben shue, the aeronaut, made a successful flight in Captain Baldwin's airship, the "California Arrow," yesterday af ternoon at Chutes' park. He was in flight about 45 minutes, during which time he circled within a radius of about one mile of the park, executing all sorts of maneuvers with the big aerial craft, returning finally and land ing within the enclosure of the base ball grounds from whence he had started. The weather was perfect for the experiment, with just the faintest suspicion of a southwest breeze blow ing. Immense throngs gathered at the ball park, the chutes and on the streets for blocks distant to watch the flight. At 3:25 o'clock the airship rose gracefully from its anchorage at the bill park and soared away to the northeast for half a mile, gradually rising at it gathered speed. When about 700 feet high Knabenshue began his maneuvers, tuirning the craft in every direction, describing complete circles within small radius, crossing the recrossing the park above the heads of the thousands of spectators. Captain Baldwin had fitted the "Ar row" with a new and more 'powerful motor, and yesterday this important part of the mechanism worked to per fection. The new motor gave great impetus to the propeller, and this ap parently made the big irregular-shap ed balloon much easier to handle. It responded readily to every turn of the steering gear and was driven in every direction at sharp angles, as directed by the navigator. At no time did the airship arise more than 1,500 feet and the manipulation of the mechanism of the airship by the operator was plain ly visible to the spectators on the ground below. Knabenshue finally brought the "ArT row" back to the original starting point, droppling the anchorage rope, which hung from the framework of the airship, within 50 yards from where he arose. When the rope touched the earth the aeronaut stopped the motor and the nog gas bag was gently lower ed to the ground. The crowd broke into cheers as Knabenshue alighted. When seen by the Associated Press correspondent Knabenshue said: "I think I demonstrated today with ta perfect working motor, as I think we now have, the 'Arrow' can be con trolled as easily, as one can control the automobile. I found no difficulty in bringing the airship to the starting point and landing where I desired. The atmospheric conditions were per feet for the experiment, and Captain Baldwin, as well as myself, is elated over the success of the flight." Piano Tuning. Arthur Wales, premier piano tuner. Thirty year experiene. Leave or derm at Holmes & Rixon's drug atoll ioatana avenue. ST4 WILL EXECUTE TRUST LAW WILL INSTITUTE SUITS IN CASE OF VIOLATION. BE NO FURTHER DALLYING President and Cabinet Are Determined That the Beef Trust Shall Obey the Law. Washington, Jan. 31.--It can be said by au'thority that unless the corpora tions constituting the alleged "beef Lrust" shall heed the injunction made permanent yesterday by the decision of. the supreme., court of the United St ,tes, the government will institute proceedings against the individual members of the corporations to e-i force the decision of the court. The proceedings will be under thi crimt r.al law, if such can be insti:utel. The minds of the president and members of his cabinet are made up fully on the question. They have de termined that the "beef trust" shall obey the law, and' now that the high est court in the land has upheld the hands of the administration, it is said they will permit no further "dilly dal lying" with the subject. Pleased With the Decipion. At today's meeting the president and Attorney General Moody shared in the congratulations of the mem bers of the cabinet on the- result of the beef trust case before the supreme court. The president,- who made no at tempt to conceal his satisfaction at the decision of the court, united with the members of the cabinet in con gratulating the attorney general. The subject was considered briefly at the meeting, but no definite con clusion was reached as to what action, if any, the government would take in the future, except the general deter mination to enforce the law as it has been construed by the courts. The president and the members of the cab inet regard the decision of the su preme court as a signal triumph of law as they have viewed it, and are prepared to carry it into effect abso lutely. All members of the cabinet were present at the meeting except Secre taries Hay and Wilson, the former still being confined to his home by a severe cold. Some departmental matters were considered at the meeting, the most important of which was the action of Postmaster General Wynne in notify ing John G. Capers, republican nation al committeeman of South Carolina, that postmasters in that state will be dismissed from the service if in the future they pay the expenses of dele gates to political conventions. The action of the postmaster general was approved by the president and the cab inet. In principle, the declaration of Mr. Wynne will apply to all other states where such methods are prac ticed. INCREASED PASSENGER SERVICE. Northern Pacific Preparing to Put On Another Train. What purports to be an authentic report has it that, beginning May 1, the Northern Pacific will put on an other passenger train between St. Paul and the coast, in order to accom modate the increased traffic expected on account of the Portlana exposition. It is said that the necessary equip ment is now buildng and that the train will be second only to the North Coast Limited in the matter of luxury of appointment and appearance. Nothing is known as to the probable schedule of the new "flyer," except that effort will be made to materially decrease the running time between the two termini. At the recent meet ing of division superintendents held at St. Paul, it was decided that the running time on the mountain divis ions could be reduced materially. By some it was thought that reduction ot at least two hours could be made in the run across this state. This was accepted as an indication of a possible basis for the new schedble, but, of course, this is merely surmise. Cleveland Forgets the Martyt. Cleveland, Jan. 30.-But a very few carnations were worn in Cleveland yesterday iu memory of the late Presi dent McKinley. Florists attribute the small number sold to the very cold weather. Phone to Prenohy At Billings woodyard for all kinds of rnat-class wood. Bell phone 661; Moffett, 389. Satistfaction lumanted. tt ALIRD BURT. A Flower Book of Real Flowers. The Yellowstone Park Flower Book, published by the Northern Pacific, is a beautiful creation. It contains 11 specimens of real, pressed flowers, in natural colors, from Yellowstone Park, with botanical names and the places where found. The book also has six full page, fine half-tone illustrations showing the Park bears, the Grand canyon, geysers, hotels, etc., found in the Park, which is the most wonderful spot on earth, 54 by 62 miles in size, in the very depths of the Rockies. The Flower Book makes a beautiful souvenir. Send A. M. Clelend, general passenger agent, Northern Pacific railway, St. Paul, Minn., 50 cents for a copy. tf (First Publication January 3, 1905-4f) NOTICE OF ASSESSMENT. The Suburban Ditch Company-Prin cipal Place of Business, Billings, Montana. Notice is- hereby given that at a meeting of the directors, held on the 28th day of January, 1905, an assess ment of 50 cents per share was levied upon the capital stock of the corpora tion, payable on the 28th day of Feb ruary, 1905, to S. W. Soule, secretary, Billings, Montana. Any stock upon which the assess ment shall remain unpeid on the 28th day, of February, 1905, will be delin quent and advertised for sale at pub lic auction, and, unless payment is made before, will be sold on the 15th day of March, 1905, to pay the delin quent assessment, together with costs of advertising and expenses of sale, Signed and dated this 28th day of January, 1905. S. W. SOULE, Secretary, No. 7, North Twenty-eighth Street, Billings, Montana. (First Publication January 20-4f) NOTICE TO CREDITORS. Estate of Charles W. Harding, de- & ceased. Notice ie hereby given by the under signed administratrix of the estate of Charles W. Harding, deceased, to the creditors of and all persons having claims againet the said deceased, to exhibit them, with the necessary vouchers, within four months after the first publications of this notice, to the said aldmndnistratrix at the office of W. M. Johnsteon, at Billings, in the county of Yellowstone, state of Mon tana. Dated at Billings, Montana, January 19, 1905. HELEN P. HARDING, Admiinistratrix of the Estate of Ohas. W. Harding, deceased. (First Publication Jan. 13, 1905.-4f) NOTICE TO CREDITORS. Estate of Levi F. Field, deceased. Notice is hereby given by the under. signed administrator with the will an nexed of the estate of Levi F': Field, deceased, to the creditors of and all persons having claims against the said deceased, to exhibit them, with the necessary vouchers, within four months after the first publication of this notice, to the said administrator with the will annexed at Yegen Bros. Savings Bank, at Billings, in the county of Yellowstone, state of Mon tana. Dated at Billings, Montana, January 11, 1905. FRED PNABNIT, Administrator with the Will Annexed of the Estate of Levi F. Field, de ceased.. (First Publication Jan. 13, 1905.-4) CONTEST NOTICE. Department of the Interior, United States Land Office, Bozeman, Mon tana, January 5, 1905.-A sufficient contest affidavit having been filed in this office by Charles A. Paige, con testant, against homestead entry No. 4416, made February 25, 1902, at Boze man, Montana,'4or S% NE% and N% SE%4 section 20, township 1 north, range 27 east, M. P. M., by Louis St. Jean, contestee ,in which it is alleged that said Louis St. Jean is a married men, and neither he nor any member of his family have resided on said land at any time during the year last past; and that his said absence from' said land was not due to his employ ment in the army, navy or marine corps of the United States in time or war, said parties are hereby notified to appear, respond and offer evidence touching said allegation at 10 o'clock a. m. on February 14,\1905, before Fred H. Foster, clerk of court, at Bill ings, Montana, and that final hearing will be held at 10 o'cloca a. m. on Feb ruary 23, 1905, before the register and receiver at the United States Land Office in Bozeman, Montana. The said contestant having, in a proper affidavit, filed December 29, 1904, set forth facts which show that after due diligence personal service of this notice can not be made, it is hereby ordered and directed that such notice be given by due and proper publication, M. R. WILSON, Reilster J. V. iiMLY, ..Iegiver.