WOOLBUYERS SLOW TO MAKE
ACTIVE IN OTHER STATES
Miles City Will Lord It Over Billings
at Washington Tomor
From Friday's Daily.
Although, taking ,for true the re- I
ports to be heard, there seems to be
no lack of instances where growers
have refused good offers to sell their
wool in advance, it is noticeable that
\vhereas buyers are reported to be un
usually numerous and active in others
of the western states and territories,
they are chary about putting in their
appearance in Montana. According to
the news received from there the bulk
of the season's clip in Wyoming, Ari
zona, Utah and Colorado has been
contracted ahead. In this state only
,a very -small portion has been thus
disposed of. Speaking of this, a
traveling freight agent for one of the
eastern railroads, who was in the city
a few days ago, said:
"I would like to know what the
woolbuyers are up to this year as re
gards MVontana. While they are buy
ing about everything they can lay
hands on all around, none of them'
seem to think of coming to Montana.
It looks to me as though something
was up, but I can't figure tout what it
is. I may be away off, but there seems
to be a game of some kind. It is pos
sible that they are loading up in ad
vance, so that when the regular sea
son opens in Montana they can afford
to be independent and do a little
squeezing. The strangest part of it is
.that while they are corraling every
thing all around us, they are passing
up Montana, which raises, the best
wool in the country."
In tomorrow's parade at Washington
Montana will be represented in Cap
tain Bullock's cowboy troop by four
men from Miles City. Of course, there
will 'be men from other parts of the
state in the city, but the hustling town
down in Custer county will be the
only one that will be 'it" so far as
participation in the spectacular fea
tures of the day is concerned. Captain
Bullock endeavored t: enlilst several
Imen from Billings, but was unsuccess
ful. Paul McCormick was one of those
who was asked, but he declined, say
ing that he preferred to stand on the
sidewalk and see the procession go 'by,
not that he could not ride anything
Bullock would take to Washington in
the shape of a 'horse, but because of
his natural modesty. On top of this
he said he was a married man and
had no ambition to pose as 'a heart
Summer weather in March may be
ail well enough for those of thin blood
and nerveless systems, but for the
average Montanan it is enervating
and depressing. The number of men
shuffling about town, victims of the
insidious disease known as "spring
fever" would dio credit to an army
camp in the fever and ague zone. Old
and young alike are affected and the
usually ambitious and alert have be
come as 4lazy and inert as the most
confirmed idler who ever whittled a
shingle in a livery stable.
The men who have been employed
in putting the copper roof on the dome
of the new court house have completed
the job ana the staging which has
concealed the symetrical proportions
of the towering istructure has been re
axoved. All who have seen it pro
noune it a thing of beauty, a piece ot
art, barring the little belfry with
whidh the very top has been surmount
ed. Some think it too suggestive of a
church, while others are wondering
why a bell should be placed there,
seemingly unmindful of the fact that
the architect took that method of
1lringing the tower to a finish.
Deserter Is Shot.
New York,.March :1.-Colonel Martin
.I.za, a deserter in the Acre cam
ip"lgn and also promoter of the Cocha.
Ssbmba rebellion, has 'been shot, cables
.1 the Herald's correspondent at Lapaz,
Bollvia. Lanza me h, d~'iath calmly.
Home Grown Nursery Stock.
Strietly first eltsa and true to name.
wberries, raspberries, blackber
Alsao 1,500 thr.e-year-old Wealthy
IQOME NURSERY 'CO.,
Rel"t to M0oroy, Preps
HAD EVENTFUL CAREER.
Late Captain Babcock's Life Long and
From Saturday's Daily.
But to few men is it given to have
careers as long ana stirring as that
of the late Captain Lewis F. Babcock,
mention of whose death was contained
in yesterday'ai issue ci. The Gazette.
Captain Babcock was born in one oi
the small settlements on the shore u.
Lake Champlain, February 23, 1831.
When still a child his parents remov
ed to Fort Ann, N. Y., where he spent
his youth and a portion of his earlier
manhood. Thence he emigrated to
Owatonna, Minn., then practically the
frontier. Here 'he continued .to reside
until in 1862, when he enlisted as a
soldier in A company, Tenth Minne
sota volunteer infantry. He was
commissioned a first lieutenant and
served with that regiment, both in
the war with the Sioux and later in
the civil war. As a part of General
Sibley's command Captaidn Babcock's
regiment was in pursuit of the hos
tile Sioux which ended somewhere in
the extreme eastern portion of Mon
Upon the return of the expedition
tne regiment was ordered south and
there saw much service. It was while
in the civil war that he gained his
title of captain, being promoted for
meritorious service and at different
times was' in command of two different
companies. He participated in a num
ber of important engagements as weil
as skirmishes and other minor ac
tions. He served about two years and
was then mustered out. After his
discharge Captain Babcock took up his
residence in Winona, Minn., where he
engaged in the business of milling.
He met with business reverses and
lost about everything he owned in the
world. His next occupation was that
of mail clerk. It was 'while employed
in that capacity that he came to Bill
ings, in September, 1882, Exercising
his right as an ex-soldier, he took up
'a ranch a few miles 'west 'of the city,
where he 'made his home until ap
pointed postmaster of Billings, July
11, 1897. April 1, 1902, he was reap
pointed and was holding the office
w'hen he died.
Captain Babcock toolk a conspicuous
part in the capture of the Indians who
were hanged for the New Ulm massa
cre. He also assisted during their
trial and was one of the men who
guarded them the last night they were
on earth. The next morning he aided
Sheriff 'Tyner in the execution of 38
of the murderers, who were hanged
simultaneously from one scaffold, be
ing the largest number of pers'ons exe
cuted for participation in the same
crime of which there is record any
The only immediate relatives of the
deceased surviving him are a son,
Hugh P., of this city, and a brother
and two sisters, 'who reside near Fort
Ann. His wife died at their home
here June 23, 1902.
Captain Babcock was a member ot
the Masonic fraternity and also of the
Grand Army of the Republic. Al
though not fully decided upon, it is
probable that the funeral will be un
dei the directions of the first named
organization. The body is not ex
pected to arrive before next Wednes
WANT HIS RECORD.
Seattle Authorities Hold Supposed
Former Billings Crook.
From Saturday's Daily.
Today a copy of the entire record of
the case of State vs. Charles Green,
tried in the district court for this
county, in December, 1892, was for
warded by the clerk's office to Ken
neth Mackintosh, prosecuting attorney
at Seattle. In making the request for
the transcript, Mr. Mackintosh wrote
that a negro, who gave his name as J.
H. LeRoy, was being held there on
the charge of robbery, adding that it
was believed the prisoner bad once
been convicted here under the name of
Charles Green and that the record was
wanted to convict him under the hab
itual criminal act.
As shown by the record, Charles
Green was found guilty December 27,
1892, of burglary in the first degree.
Punishment was left to the court and
Judge Milburn sentenced the man to
seven years in the penitentiary. Some
of the witnesses, in the case are still
here and their na'nes were sent to the
Seattle man, as it is probable that an
effort will be made to secure the at
tendance at Seat:le of at least one of
them for the p'rpose of identifying
Wanted-B :Eks to Summer.
$1 per head from 15th of April to
November 1st, or 20c per head per
: ', ',m sharing. lBest 6f moun
tain teed and w':t^r. Reference: First
Nat.oual bank :.f tillings. Address,
W. R. BA1NBRIDGE,
kal Howler, Mont.
1.sp of ceded part of Crow Indlar
reservation will be mailled to any ad
dress by The (Gaette on receipt of
ASKS THE PATRIOTS TO RALLY
AROUND THE THRONE.
TURNS DOWN WORKMEN
As Same Time He Appeals to People
He Refuses Popular Demands
St. Petersburg, March 3.-An imper
ial decree commands that "in order
that it may be possiblefor all our
loyal subjects to be heard directly by
the emperor," the council presided
over by the emperor ;shall examine
and consider in his name all the views
and wishes that may be received
from private persons and institutions
"in regard to perfecting the adminis
tration of the state and the improve
ment of the welfare of the people,"
The text of the imperial manifesto.
published by the Official Messenger
today, calling on the country to rally
around the throne, in defense of the
empire from its internal nemies, is' as
His Heart Is Heavy.
"An inscrutable Providence has been
pleased to visit our fatherland with
heavy trials. A bloody war in the far
east involving the honor of Russia and
the command of the ,waters of the Pa
cific ocean so urgently necessary to
the conservation of the peaceful pros
perity, not only of our own but of
other Christian nations throughout the
ages, has imposed that great strain
on the strength of the Russian peo
ple and swallowed up many dear vic
tims near to our heart. While the
glorious sons of Russia are fighting
with self+sacrificing bravery, risking
their lives for their faith, for their
emperor and for their country, dis
turbances have broken out in our own
iand, to the joy of our enemies and our
:..n deep sorrow. Blinded by pride,
the evil-minded leaders of a revolu
tionary movement make attacks on
the holy orthodox church and the law
fully established pillars of the Russian
state, thinking that by severing the
natural connection with the past they
will destroy the existing order of state
and set up in its place a new adminis
tration on a foundation unsuitable to
our fatherland. The outrage on the
Grand Duke Sergius, who ardently
loved the first capital of the empire
and met his end midst the sacred mon
uments of the Kremlin, deeply shocks
the national feeling of every one to
whom the honor of the Russian name
and renown and his home are dear.
"With the help of the prayers of the
holy orthodox church and under the
banner of the autocratic might of the
empire, Rusasia has already frequently
passed through great wars and dis
tress, always issuing from her troubles
and difficulties with fresh and unbend
ing strength. Nevertheless, the re
cent internal disorders and the insta
bility of thought 'which have favored
the spread of revolt and disturbances.
make it our duty to remind all those
in the government insitutions of their
services and to call upon them to dis
play increased solicitude in the safe
guard of tne law, order and security,
in firm consciousness of their moral
responsibility as servants of the
throne and of 'the fatherland.
"Thinking unceasingly of the wel
fare of the people and firmyl trusting
that God, after he had tried our pa
tience, he will give victory to our arms
we appeal to right-minded people of all
classes to.join each other in his call
ing and his place in singleminded co
operation by word and deed in the
great task of overcoming the Istubborn
foes leading the revolt at home.
"We wish to remind every one in
this connection that only if there is
transquility of mind throughout the
whole population it is possible to real
ize our aims for a renewal of the
quiet life of our people, strengthening
the prosperity of state and perfection
of its administration.
"Let all those rally around the
throne, true to Russia's past, honestly
and conscientiously having a care in
accord with ourselves for every affair
"May God send down on the clergy
h',liness, on those in authority justice
and truth, on the people peace, on the
laws power and on the faith strength,
to the confusion of the enemies of
Workmen representing nine groups
met yesterday at the People's palace
and ratifed the demands" drawn up
March 1 by the representatives of
seven groups and decided to meet at
the same place at 11 o'loeok today
and await a reply until noon. , About
400 men were present at yesterday'a
meeting. The proceedings were for
mal. A number of the speakers re
viewed the situation showing thorough
familiarity 'with strikes, revolutions
and the history of other countries.
They described the benefits of consti.
tutions and parliaments and declared
that the Russians would be content
with nothing less than a representa
tive government. The speakers were
steeped in socialistic literature. Thb
meeting enthusiastically applauded
accounts of victories gained by the
proletariat in other countries. One
speaker in particular delivered a care
fully prepared address. Standing on
the platform, his flaxen hair hanging
to his shoulders, wearing a loose ren
shirt and high Russian boots, he look.
ed the picture of one of Maxime Gor
ky's types. He said the proletariat
alone could achieve positive results.
The liberals used the 'masses to crush
dynasties and then turned on tha
masses. The liberals had done little
for Russia. He appealed to the audi
ence to ,stand together and demand
a people's parliament which was the
only solution now ,possible. He added:
"We went out into the streets one
,day and 'were shot down like dogs.
We are on the eve of great events.
No matter. We 'must be firm and
steel our hearts to fulfil the watchword
The speech was greeted with tre
mendous applause. Amid intense en
thusiasm the assembly unanimously
adopted resolutions reaffirming the
resolution of March 1, and after agree
ing on the hour for today's meeting,
dispersed at 6 p. m.
OYSTERS FROM NEW BEDS
BLIZZARDS IN EAST DRIVES THE
TRADE TO GULF.
Southern Bivavie Said to Equal or Sur
pass Product of dhesa
St. Paul, March 3.-"Within a week
the price of oysters will drop fromn
20 to 25 per cent."
This statement wsa:s made by a local
packing company manager.
"The sudden drop," continued Mr.
Keller, "will mean a great deal to the
wholesaler, who has paid the contin
ued rise during the winter, believing
it a short-sighted policy to raise tie
"The present season is probably the
most remarkable in the history of the
oyster businessL Beginning with the
blizzard of January 1, t.,: cnmtinuedl
zero weather has closed up ~.,t Atlan
tic coast trade so that it was impos
sible to obtain an oyster from that
source. Think of it-the city of Balti
more for one day did not receive an
oyster for home consumption or ex
port trade. I have newspaper clip
pings showing to what straits tho
trade was reduced. Chesapeake bay
was frozen over so that the oyster men
have had to tramp miles through the
snow and ice. Even then it 'was im
possible to supply 'the demand. Here
are several telegrams that will ex
plain the situation:
"Account of severe weather, can
not ship Tuesday, Wednesday or
"'No oysters after today until fur
"'Continued bad weather. vannot
fill orders until further notice.'
"What was to be done? Orders had
to 'be filled. What did 'happen was that
the big oyster men began to search
for new fields. They took up the gov.
ernment report of the conditions in
the Gulf of Mexico and studied them
carefully. The result was that in a
short time the oyster 'men were work
ing along the gulf and were getting
oysters from beds never before
"The great fact is that these oys
ters are equal if not superior to
the Atlentic oysters. The whole coun
try is now being supplied from the
gulf, and it is certain that the busi
ness will steadily increase. In a rshort
time the great bulk of the oyster trade
will 'be settled in that region and in
the future there will be no byster
famine such as has existed this winter
and last winrer."
Fight for Work.
New York, March 3.-A newspaper
advertisement offering a day's work
to 50 snow shovelers brought such a
crowd of applicants to a point in
Fifth street yesterday that the police
reserves were called out to quell an
incipient riot which attended the
scramble for work checks. Three hun
dred men were tossed right and left
in the scramble to reach the holder of
the cheeks and within a minute the
last one of the bite of pagteboard had
been goven out. , More than a score
of couples were kbtln hand to hand
for the right to shovel anow all day
WITH COAL OIL
ALCOHOL MAY BE USED AS WEA.
PON AGAINST TRUST.
STEVENS PROPOSES PLAN
Would Encourage Production and Uses
of Alcohol for Lighting and
Washington, March 3.-For the first
time in the history of the country,
federal and state authorities seem
combining for the purpose of bringing
an oppressive trust under proper regu
lation. It is the understanding here
that if tht inquiry into Standard Oil
affairs by western states and the gov
ernment develops the insufticiency of
existing laws to correct the evils com
plained of, t:he president will make the
subject prominent in his message to
congress next winter ,asking for sep.
plemental legislation. But if, on the
other hand, the government already
has the requisite power, the Standard
Oil company is to 'be given a shakeup
in the courts similar to that now be
ing prepared for the beef trust.
General Movement on Trusts.
It is undoubtedly the purpose of the
president, during the next four years,
to make a general forward movement
against the trusts, without fear or fa
vor. His course thus far is merely a
promise of what is to come. It is his
laudable ambition to accomplish some
thing worth while in the interest of
the people agaisnst these modern rep.
resentatives of medieval ieudatism and
when he says that the whole machin
ery of the federal government i's to be
brought into play to that end, the peo
ple may confidently believe that he
means what he says.
Meanwhile, the recent agitation
against the Standard Oil company has
'brought out a suggestion when may
prove to be 'of the highest value. 'she
suggestion comes from Representative
Stevens of ainnesota, who is one or
the strongest men in congress from
the middle west. It is well known that
the Standard Oil company, in addition
to supplying illuminating oil, manutac
tures a large number of by-products
from crude petroleum. beveral years
ago, during the agitation in congress
over the Cuban reciprocity treaty, it
was discovered that alcohol produced
in Germany, France and Sweden con.
tained 40 per cent more heat, light and
power units than petroleum, and was
sold at retail in those countries for
the 'same price that petroleum demand
ed in this country.
Tartiff Club Over Standard Oil.
This discovery may serve an .impor
tant purpose when congrescs gets
ready to revise the taruf, possibly at
its next session. Such a revision as
Mr. Stevens ~has in 'mind 'would strike
the Standard Oil company a body blow
and, perhaps, do more than all things
else put together to bring this offen
sive trust to a realizing sense of the
rights, of the 'people. Mr. Stevens
would have the schedules covering po
tatoes so amended as to establish in
this country a market for a tremen
dously increased yield of those arti
cles. This excess yield could then ,be
converted into alcohol, after the exist
ing custom in the European countries
Just named, and this alcohol would
come directly into competition with
Standard Oil petroleum for the gener
ating of heat, Light and power. The
trust would here present the tenderest
spot in its body to the inviting thrust
of the knife of competition at the
hands of the public at large, and as
potatoes, sugar beets, corn, etc., can
produce a grade of alcohol costing
much less than petroleum used for
the purposes enumerated, substantial
progress would at once be 'made to
ward depriving the trust of much of its
'The alcohol thus 'made would, of
course, be denaturalized, so as to pre
vent its use as a beverage. Thus the
proposition would encounter no oppo
sititon from temperance people.
Good Thing for Farmers.
Mr. Stevens believes that this sug
gestion of his offers a ready avenue of
escape from Standard Oil oppression,
and he will be ready at the proper
time to press it on the attention of
congress. He calls attention to the
fact that the agr:cultural products
which he names can be grown more
cheaply, both as regards money and
toil, than almost any others of the
farm crops. The opening up of a
greatly enlarged market for these
crops would add immeastrnably to the
agricultural wealth of the country and
improve the condition of the farmer
correspondingly. A. large price and
a rmadler 'market would alwaye le
waiting tfor these rops, and ina time
the Standard Oil company's richest.
byproducts would be driven out oft" the
In this connection a recent report
from Consul General Frank H. Mason
at Berlin its interesting. German fusel
oil is a by-product of the manufacture
of alcohol from potatoes, corn and
other grains, the refuse of molasses
and the refused from sugar beet fac
tories-exactly the crops which are
referred to by Mr. Stevens. Until a
few years ago the Germans regarded
the by-products from which tusel oil
is made as mere waste. Today the
United States buys nine-tenths of the
total German 'output of fusel oil and
Great Britain the other one-tenth. This
oil is used in the manufacture of var
nishes, ,perfumes, 'certain explosives,
and ,it is said, certain grades of con
fectionery. The demand for it in the
United States developed very rapidly
and the export trade from Germany
increased to 223 metric tons in 1901,
260 tons in 1902 and 342 tons in 1903.
Then there was a 'falling off in the
American dbmand, but within the past
six -months the exports have again be
(Prices Mean Good Profits.
The price which the Germans re
ceive for their fusel oil is from $25 to
$40 per 100 kilos (220 pounds), which
means a very much higher profit for
the farmer on crops, some of which
have hitherto paid indifferently well.
The strength of this demand for fusel
ail from these European countries.
shows that the American farmer has
here an opportunity to increase his in
come such 'as he has not had for many
years. And so it is entirely possible,
not to say probable, that the present
agitation against the Standard Oil
company will be productive of good
along at least one important line not
in the thought of those who put the
agitation under way.
Niedringhaus Lost Two.
Jefferson City, Mo., March 3.-On
the 37th ballot ,on the selection of a
successor to United States Senator
Cookrell, Thomas K. Niedringhaus.
the caucus nominee, ,lost two mole
votes. The vote follows: Niedring
'haus, 68; Cockrel'l, 70; Kerens, 15;
McKinley, 5; W. H. Bark, 1; McIndoe,
Calling cards at the Gazette office.
Stockwells Employmen s
2607Y Mont. Av
R.,U 'Phony 59a; Mnftett 'Phone 181
No Charge for Male Help.
Woman cook for hotel, city.
Girls for general housework, city
Waitress for hotel, city.
Cook for small boarding house, city.
Man for dairy.
At a bargain: Desirable ranch near
Billings. Easy terms.
Houses and rooms furnished and un
: Great Falls, i
Leave Billings daily
: except Sunday at 6
a. m. for Musselshell .
Flat Willow, Grass
Range, Gilt Edge
First-class Accommodations for
Passengers and Express B
C. S. BELL, Agent.
N. P. Express Office, Billings.
W. C.! DOHERTY, Proprietor
Great Falls, Montana.
Patronize Home Manufacture
Call for These Brands:
J. C. S.
..m. A. BILUNOS
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