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TheOL. XX. Billings Gazette. NO.
VOL. XX. B[LLINGS, MONTANA, TUESDAY, MARCH 21, 1905. NO. 93. ( - Idle Money does nobody good. Let us invest youn along with others and start it working for you. No matter now ,ittle you have, deposit it with Yegen Bros. Savings Bank It will earn its proportion of it. ,terest and pay va.C "-,ukdeTh. s. a thour .1.. li the Russian a than -,. ,u the Fan river, at i . w i.iet. A was only a f'Cues" safer, too. umnap - Responsible Capital $125,000. J Yellowstone National oF Bank BILLINOS CAPITAL, - $50,000 SURPLUS - $40,000 A. L. BABCOCK, President PETER LARSON, Helena, Vice-Pres. E. H. HOLLISTER. Cashier L. C. BABCOCK, Ass't Cashier DIRECTORS. PET&a LABBON Helena ED. CARDWELL. Da. H. E. AnRMTRsoN E. H. HOLLISTER A L. H.rcaex Boxes for Rent in Safety Deposit Vault, General Banking Business Sell Exchange available in all the princi pal cities of the United States and 1Europe Collections promptly made and remit ted for. Accounts of firms and individuals solic ited on the most favorable terms consis tent with safe and conservative banking. BillingsState Bank Capital Stock, $50,000.00 OFFICERS: Paul McCormick, President. B. G. Shorey, Vice-Pres. Charles Spear, Cashier. John A. Hoyt, Teller :JIRECTORS: W. C. Bostwick W. jansard, .. O. Gruwell, Paul McCormitl, A. H. Barth, B. G. Shorey, Chas. Spear. .sansaot a'General Banking Business. GRUWELL BLOCK -ILLINGS, . MONTANA. THE PEOPLE'S SAVINGiS BANK 2715 Montana Avw., Billings, Mont. Interest Paid on Deposits Savings Deposits secured by first Mortgages on improved Real Estate Money Loaned on City and Farm Property The People's Savings Bank as Owned and Guaranteed by the stockholders of the Billings Loan & Trust Company THOS. J. BOUTON, Pres. W. F. Sylvester, Sec. & Treas. I SPORTING GOODS Full Line of Spalding and Victor Baseball and Tennis Goods. FPishing Rods, Lines and Tackle. TheFamous J. S Benn Fliesa Lenders. jRACYCLEI WHEELS An WHEELS Our lrLe stock of Bicycle Tires and r Supplies is better and tr rhan ever before. THE RECORO OF CONGRESS ON IRRIGATION, FORESTRY AND LAND LAW REFORMS. SOME GOOD ACCOMPLISHED Repeal of the Forest Reserve Lieu Selection Law a Long Step in Right Direction. VlWhat has congress done this, winte in the forestry and irrigation cause? Did it do anything of importance in either, or on the public land question? Nothing in any ':en'se spectacular, but yet several things of very cansiderar ble importance, and, furthermore, it refused to do several very oad things w'nicn were strongly urged upon it. Alter a long struggle of years the law was pass-ed consolidating all of the torestry work of the government into 'one bureau in the department of agri culture; this in place of having it split up among some five various branches e... ....erent despartments. This gives ove',. 60,000,000 acres of forest reserve into the care of the forestry bureau of the department of -agriculture, with adequate authority to fairly protect the forests, allow i.r the cutting and sale of ripe timber, and with polwer to ar rest tresspassers, etc. * Supporting the Reclamation Service. Several small 'bills desired by the reclamation service to more fully carry out the irrigation law were considered and readily passed by congress, sucn as the hill to allow .the proceed's from the sales of the vast amount of partly used supplies, at the end of each sea son, to go back into the reclamation fund," .irnstead of into the treasury, 'thus keeping the fund intact and oper ating as an incentive to ,the engineers to take care of their property and real ize the most out of it. T'he really great legislation of the season, however, was 'the repeal of the forest reserve lieu selection law, thus preventing the location in the future of all forest reserve scrip, so called, 'i. e., 'repealing the 'right of a man or a corporation owning land within a 'forest reserve 'to relinquish it to the government and select "in lieu thereof' any other unreserved non-mineral public land. First Long Step in Land Law Reform. This is a great step forward in land law reform and does away with one of ,the most notorious and 'scandalous for:as of fraud and graift under the fed eral land laws. Under this law enor mous losses have been put upon the government, the right to select these lieu land's having been transferrable and resulting in the relinquishment during the past few years of several million acres of comparautvely worth less railrcad gran~t ond other lands in cluded within forest reserves, and the selection in their plaec of equal areas of the finest 'timber lands, in the north wan~t Outrageous Frands Perpetrated. Denuded slopes not worth 50 cents an acre, or bare mountain sides, ac quired ,under other land laws at a nom inal figure simply for the purpose of exchange, have been relinquished and lieu selections made, worth, according ,to the highest official and expert au thorities, $50 and even $100 an acre. By 'these transactions the country has lost in the last few years tens of mil lions of dollars. By the action of con gress this form of graft is now at an end. iThe repal cf 'this lieu land law is the first recognition by congress of the wise recommendations of the presi dent and his public land commission. There are three other specific reform recommendations of the presldent and sthe commission and these will be for congress to act upon at its next ses sion. Square Mile Homestead Bill Defeated. Another palnt, however, wherein congress folloiwed the recommnenda tions of the commission was in the refusal of the senate to enact 640-acre homestead laws for Colorado and South Dakota, although the house did its best to secure this square-mile homestead leglelation. In defiance of the strong adverse reports of the com missioner of 'the general land office, the .eoretary of the lateaJor, the public landsi commisloln, along witb the pe* cial message from the president to congress endorsing the commission's recommendations against these bills, and of the strong protest of Chairman Lacy of the house public lands com mittee, the house of representatives passed these measures by a vote of nealy three to one. Dry Farming Reclamation and Range Control. This proposer legislation was con sidered especially unwise just at this time when the department of agricul ture is every year 'bringing int!o the possi'bilities of profitable ciLivaL.UoL millions of acres of the semi-aria lands, where it -was proposed to apply these laws, through ,the introd.ic .,CI from abroad of drouth resistant plants and desert species of grain and fod der, and by new and improved meth ods for farming dry land's. Moreover, the commission ha's worked out a plan of range contro'l and grazing 'permits which gives the real settler all asked for under 'the 640-acre measures and yet avoids, the dan.ger of the aibsorp tion of 'the land into large cattle hold ings, but allows ample time and scope for the "dry farming" reclamation work of the department of agriculture. "All in all," remarked a prominent advocate of both irrigation and for estry, -a ,man in high official life, "very much indeed ha's been accomplished in this con'gress,, the result of hard previous work. Now we have this re port cif the 'president's commission, outlining a comprehensive policy for the treatment of the entire irrigation, forestry and public land questions and we can all stand on this report and I believe get its, provisions through t'h next congress,. The time is ripe, the c'un:try is awake and the 'men are .here." Work Ahead for Congress. The things to be done, mentione:l in the report, are the repeal of the no torious timber and stone act with the substitution 'of a method of 'stumpage sale by the government, the public timber lands to remain in the govern ment, thus insuring reforestation and protection to the iwater supply; the very 'radical amendment of 'the fraud Imaking desert land law and the com mutation claus'e of the holmestead law, requiring in both cases 'actual resi dence of 'the settler 'and insuring real 'homemaking. All three of these laws as stated in the report, have been, are and will be sao long as they remain on the statute books., instruments of frfaud, perjury and great loss to the government and 'the nation. They 'sitand as a continual menace not only to a broad forestry policy, but to the very existence of the national irrtga tion idea 'and are rfast 'bringing about a condition of albaclute land monopoly in the west. GUY ELLIOTT MITCHELL. MRS. ROOSEVELT'S LACE. Washington Women Are Talking of Gown Worn at Inaugural Bill. Washington, March 19.--The rare old Venetian lakce with which the bod ice of Mrs. Roosevelt's inaugural ball gown was adorned is much talked abount by Washington women in these Ipost-inauguration days. This lace was on the wedding gown of Mrs. Roose velt's mother and also on her own wedding gown. She wore it at the ball which signalizes Colonel Roose velt's installation as governor of New York, and again when he was inaugu 'rated Vice president four years ago. It will now be laid away for such occa s~one as the wedding of a Roosevelt daughter. Misses Bottle and Shoots Girl. Havre, March 19.-Iona Davis was shot tlhrouga the hand at Chester last Thursday night while on a spree with some drunken sheepherders. All the same as William Tell, Iona stood on a dry goods lbox and held a beer bottle in her hand as a target for a sheep. herder to show his marksmanship. The result was he missed the bottle and shot the girl in the hand. She came to Havre to have the wound dressed. Victory for Insurgents. Aden, Aralbia, March 19.-It is re ported that Sanaa, capital of the prov ince of Yemen, with its garrison ot 5,000 men, has fallen into the hands of the Arabian insurgents. The gov ernor, it is added, had previously of tered to surrender, but his terms were not acceptable to the ,beseigers. A spring tonic that makes sick pec ple well. Drives out all impurities that colleot in your system. A family tonic for the sick and aff Lted. Hol lieter's Rocky Mountain Tea. 35 cents, Tea or Tebleta Holmes & Rion. FI HT NORTH OF TIE PASS RUSSIAN REAR GUARD IN CONTIN UOUS BATTLE. FIX DATE TO ENTER HARBIN Chinese Say Oyama Will Be There April 10-Fears Are Enter tained for Linevitch. Hinkow, Manchuria, March 19.-It is rtported that the Russian rear guard is fighting a heavy action in the vicin ity of Kalyuan, about 20 miles north of Tie pass. St. Petersburg, March '19.-Repoirts received from the retiring commander in-chief and new cc'mnmander-it-chief in Manchuria, which were issued late yesterday, while relieving the imme diate fear of the Russian people that t;he Manchurian army already is cut off and confirming information already received -that the retirement is in full progres,., throw no ifiurther light on the condition or the losses of the army. St. Petersburg, March 19.-How far ,or 'how rapidly Field Marshal Oyama will be able to continue his pursuit of the Russian forces remains to be seen, but the Chinese at Harbin expect him 'there April 10, and if this opinion proves ,to be founded on a Japanese proclamation many -persons here, re membering 'the fulfillment of Oyama's assurances regarding the occupation of Mukden, March 10, will be inclined to name three weeks as the linmit. St. Petersburg, March 19.-The au thorities declare that they have no in formation that the Japanese have reached the railroad in General Line vitch's rear. Nevertheless, with the curtain down, the war office is prepar ed for grave results. The last word from the. front, re ceived uip to this, was from one of the Associated Press correspondents, the only correspondent with the retiring airmy. It presaged an attack from the rear. The tielegram, altho.ugh dated Changtufu, 40 miles north of Tie pass, at 4 o'clock Thursday afternoon, was sent from' Kaiyhlan, 30 miles north of Tie pass and only reached St. Peters burg this morning. It was brief, saying simply t:hat the army was retiring in good order and destroying the railroad as it went, but 'was constantly pressed by the Japan ese, the rear guard action veing con tinurous. There were ominous words in the concluding 'sentence, as 'follows: "We believe the Japanese are making a wide turning ,movement north and that they are ready to fall upon us when we get out of the ring-like group of mountains which surround the Tie pass gorge." In the long retreat to Harbin 'the Russians only have the advantage of 'the Mandarin road as far as Kaiyuan, -whence 'it bears eastward 'to Kirin, while the railroad, continues north to u1 -a in According to the general staff, how. ever, a good wagon road runs pltrallel to the railroad. But for amn army of a quarter of a million men, encum bered with impedimenta, with an act ive enemy relentlessly pursuing and operating on its flanks and the con stant threat of the enemy closing the line of retreat, it is admitted that the single ratilroad and wagon road afford poor prospects of General Linevitch being able to bring off the remnants of the army confided to his care without a tremendous sacrifice of life. If the Japanese actually succeed in throwing a strong force across the line of re treat it i's recognized that the army might be forced to capitulate. In the meantime the mobilization of a new army has already begun in sev eral provinces, although the order has not .yet been published. Chinese in Excited State. Harbin, March 19.-The Chinese here are in an excited state and say notidcation ,has been received that the Japanese will enter Harbin April 10. Many Chinese refugees are arriving from the south. They report ill treat. ment by Japanese and uemr 4Jtha Rud e8anuspeaklag Chinamen are hanged head downward and placarded " rhe great Russian translator.' They say also that the Japanese take all sup. plies gratis and that one Japanese gen eral, answering a request to pay at least a little for provisions taken, de clared that the "Chinese dogs were not deserving of any other treatment." The population of Bodun, southwest of Hairbin, fears the arrival of the Japa.nee. In the village of Tsynlittose Christian Chinese captured Mantzyr, a noted Chinese bandit leader, who had been terrorizing the region around Bodun, and turned him over to a Rus sian guard, which on March 15 brought him to Bodun, after beating off at tempts at rescue. WORKED OLD PAL. John Flynn Testifies in the Whitman Trial. 'Buffalo, N. Y., March 19.-John Flynn, a horseman, has testified in .ie trial of Alonzo J. Whitman, formerly of Duluth, for larceny. Flynn sald he had known Whiteman for nearly 17 years. They first met In Duluth and 'then eseven years later in the San Francisco county jail, where ,they promised ta Ibe pals. After many years they met here during (the racing season at Kenilworth. Here White man told Flynn that a rich friend wished to start in the racing game, and that he had the needed exiperience to conduct the enterprise. A few days later the horseman ,was introduced to Whiteman's pal, Boothman, masquer ading under the name of Thomas, and supposed to have an unlimited supply of :money. Within ,the next three weeks Flynn cashed more than $3,000 worth of checks drawn by Boothman, alias Thomas, on a deposit in the Fidelity Trust company, which was put there on a draft thalt had been raised from $51 to $9,000. FARMER'S BOY KILLED. Lad of 16 Is Accidentally Shot Near Wessington Springs. Wes'dington Spijrings, S. D., March 19.-A 16-year-old son of a farmer by the name of Chris, living 12 miles ifnam here. was shot and instantly killed yesterday. He and his brother, 11 years old. had been after a load ot bay. On the way home the older boy got off the load -to open a gate. In climbing on again a gund which was or. the load was accidentally dis charged. MINISTER TO BE DEPOSEDI Koster Charged With Being a Second David Harum. Orange City, Iowa, March 19.-Rev erend S. Koster, who was brought be fore the board of ministeils, of the Dutch Reformed church on -a charge of emulating David Harum in horse trad ing, was found gatilty yesterday of con duct unbecoming a minister and will Ibe deposed fcm 'his charge at -ull and lose hi-s ministerial title. Head Cannot Be Found. Duluth, Minn., March Is.-The head less body of a man was found by a -section crew on 'the Great Northern road near Island station, about 60 miles from Duluth, this moratng. The nen were running along the track on a handcar when they ,saw the body lying at the side of the track. A -search for the head was made, but it could not be found. The body was taken 'to the nearest station and Coroner McCuen summoned from Du luth. Papers found ion the -body may dis close the identity of the man, 'but none of them has been examined pending the arrival of the coroner. Ten Injured in Wreck. Kinsley, Ariz., March 19.-Santa Fe passenger train No. 8, westbound, was ditched 20 miles east of here yester day. The wreck was caused by a bro ken rail. Four carp left the track and turned over. Ten persons were more or less -injured. Cat's Bite Couses Death. St. Louis, March 19.-The -bite of a cat nine months ago caused the death yesterday .by hydrophobia of Henry Pflasterer, aged nine years. The first symptoms of ,the disease developed a week ago. Finally convulsions devel aped and he died unconscious and scratching desperately -at the bedCloth ing. Money to Loan. At low rates of interest on olty and farm property. IDGAR B. CAMP, d&swtf 2717 Montana Ave. 'SPEAKS Al TWO DINNERS TALKS TO IRISHMEN ABOUT TRUE AMERICANISM. FAVORS A STRONG NAVY In His Address at the Banquet of Sons of the American Revolu tion. New York, March 19.-Speaking at the 121st annual dinner of the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, President Roor:e volt paid tribute to the Irishmen's part in America's development and then made this pllea: "My Fellow Countrymen: I have spoken tonight especially iof what h.,s been done for this nation of ours by its ,sons of Irish blood. But, after alh, in speaking to you or any other body of my fellow citizens, no matter from what old-world country they them selves or their forefathers may have come, the great thing to remember is that we are all of us Americans. Let us keep our pride in the 'stocks from which we have sprung; but let us show that 'pride not by holding aloof one from anot:her, least of all by preserv ing the old-world jealousies and bitter nesses, but by joining in a spirit of generous rivalry to see which can do most for our great common country. "Americanism is not a matter of creed, or birthplace, or descent. That man is the best American who has in him the American spirit, the American soul. Such a man fears not tthe strong and harms' not the weak. He scorns what is base or cruel or dishonest. He looks beyond the aocidents of occupa tion or social conditions and hails each of his fellow citizens as his 'brother, asking nothing save that each shall treat 'the other on his worth as a man, and that in them lies for the uplifhting of 'this mighty and vigorous people. Fate of the Country. "In our veins runs the blood of many an old-world nation. We are akin to each of those nations, and yet identli .cal with none. Our policy shMould be one of cordial friendship for all: and yet we should keepl ever before our eyes the fact that we are ourselves a seperate people, with our own idals and standards, and destined, whether for better or for woirse, to work out a wholly new national type. "The fate of the 20th century will in no s'mall degree depend upon the quality of citizenship developed on this continent. Surely such a thhought must thrill us with the resolute purpose so to bear ourselves that the name Amer ica shall stand as the symbol of just, generous and fearless dealing with all men and all nation's. Let u's be true to ourselves, for we then cannot be false to any man." Soon after the concluision of his ad dress President Roosevelt left for the 'banquet of the Sons of the American Revolution at the Hotel Astor. Talks of Navy. In his adcdtress, President Roosevelt dwelt 'particularly upon increasing the powers, of the navy. 'The president expressed regret that congress did not provide mea.s for field maneuvers, and he declared: "I spealk in the interests of peace when I ask for an efficient army and navy." "This nation will not," he said, "surrender the isthmian canal nor the islands of t~he sea, and here was an agreement for augmented strength." President Roosevelt left the Hotel Astor at 11:25 o'clock and was driven directly 'to the swenty-third street sta tion cf the Pennsylvania railroao, go ing thence by boat to Jersey City. Japs Need Money. Berlin, March 17.-The Lokal Anzei ger says Japan is eounddng German financiers with the reference of plac ing a Japanese loan on the German market. The results of the inter change of views are not known, but it le probable, the Lokal Anzeiger says, that bankers will agree do accept Japan's offer. The conference thus far has been merejy prelishnery. If you want your little ones strong, healthy and robust, give them Hollis ter's RIboky Mountain Tea this month. A tonic for the whdle family. The obildren'e friend. 35 cents, T'ea 0s Tablets. Holmes & Rlxon.