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The Billings Gazette.
Gazette Printing Company, Publishers Issued Semi-Weekly. TUESDAYS AND FRIDAYS. Subscription Rates. One year, in advance............. 3.00 Six months ...................1.50 Entered at the Billings Postoffice as Second Class Matter. Tuesday, March 21, 1905. LOOKS LIKE A CONFESSION. However easy ilt may be to have their 'books prepared -so as to bear inspection by a government official, it looks as though the packers had doubt as to their ability to satisfy the in quiries 'of an inquisitive United States prosecuting attorney, backed 'by all 'the pi:wer of a court and everything which that implies. This ailsumption is 'borne out by 'the sudden exit of sev eral of the trusted employes cf the combine, who are announced to have found it necessary to leave on Euro pean tours for the benefit of their health. The absence of the men may delay matters for a time, but with the earnestness manifested by the federal authorities to get at 'the bottom of things there comes 'asasurance ,that ulti mately the law will prevail and that at best the lords of 'the ,slaughter 'houses are only putting off what is bound to come in the end. LITTLE HOPE FROM SENATE. Much 'to the relief of those United States senators who owe their seats to other influences than their own worth and ability the discovery is said to have Ibeen .made that the proposed rate legislation may not be enacted because of constitutional provi.sions that make passage of laws like the Each-Townsend bill impossible. The credit for the discovery is said to be due to certain astute senators, prompt ed by lawyers representing ,the rail road comipanies. Whatever hopes may have been entertained that the senate would for once get into line and enact 'the house bill or one similar to it seemingly are doomed. The senators pretend to 'be astounded, even amazed, but in advance of the 'searching in quiry by the senate committee on in terstate commerce that is to 'be made into the constitutional oojection raised to the Esch-Townsend bill, Imany of them laying claim to legal distinction are already 'saying that the contention wtll be found sound. With this ad vamce opiniosa to guide them, the peo pie may as well prepare 'themselves for the report that will b'e 'made. IT IS AGAINST THEM. That they intend ,to exert every ef fort of which they are capable to de lay trial of the cases pending against them in 'the courts of that state does not speak well for the Oregon men under 'indictments for complicity in the land frauds unearthed there. When informed of the fact that they had been indicted, the Mitchells, William sons, Hermannas and the others high up in 'the social and official oscale pro fessed to be outraged and the news paipers were filled with statements by them concerning the promptness with .which they would demand full and complete investigation of 'the charges aginst them. That was several weeks ago. Apparently they have learned things they did not then know, hence their determination to do as others charged With crimes have done-seek to wear out the prosecution by the in vokement of every possible delay and the advancement of every technicality that shrewd land not over scrupulous lawyers can raise. If t'hey are the in nocent, persecuted individuals they 'profess to be, the distinguished Ore gonaiuns should have nothing to fear from speedy and prompt trials. IN RE CITY BONDS. At Vbe fortbcoming election the citi aens of Billings will be asked to vote on ce propo~lor of bonding the city 14 the sum of $15,000, the money to be ma, in cse Mte .erdict Is favorable, to tas up the cty's j ndbtedness. eQO seasons elat why the bonds S should be authorized. In the first place, it is a move in the direction of economy; and, 'secondly, it is for the. preservation of the city's credit, Be cause of the vast and wholly unex pected demands made upon the muni cirAal treasury in consequence of the recent smallpox epidemic the city .finds itself unable 'to redeem the war rants issued in settlement of the many and large claims that grew out of that unfortunate occurrence. Those war rants are drawing the legal rate of in terest, 7 per cent per annum, and un less some provision is made for 'their redemption they will probably remain unpaid for many years ,to come. In fact, payment of 'them will be impos sible until the city becomes much lar ger and the taxroll much greater than reason exists for believing will be the case within what would be regarded as a reasonable time by those holding them. The tax levy is now, and has been for several years, the full limit al lowed by law. With the income from taxes and the 'money collected for li censes and fines' it has been hereto. fore possible 'to maintain the govern ment and 'to pay old warrants out standing on account of the street de partment. These payments during the las ttwo years have been about $2,500 yearly. Present conditions are such that this. will no longer be possible. But for the epidemic *the revenue would have been ample to meet cur rent exlendi'tures as they arose and to continue paying on the debt that was a legacy to the present adminis tration. As stated in the published notice, it is purposed to issue fifteen bonds, each of the denomination of $1,000, to run twenty years, redeemable at the expiration of ten years, .should the city so elect. Because of their value as a safe investment it is but fair to assume that they will be readily dis posed of at a low rate of interest, say 4% per cent, with 5 per cent as the extreme limit. It requires only a little figuring to show what a saving annually this would mean to the city, being the dif ference between the interest drawn by the warrants and that drawn by the bonds. There is still another argument in favor of the bonds. Aside from a ma terial saving to the city, issuance of them would 'be only an act of justice to the persons holding the warrants. Notwithstanding the comparatively generous interest 'tthey draw, few per sons care to carry them. These able to do so and who will buy them from the original holders are not satisfied with the mere interest, but insist upon a material reduction from their face value when buying them. As in a ma jority of cases the warrants have been issued to persons in poor or at the best moderate circumstances, they can ill afford the loss which disposition of the warrants implies. To some tlhis may seem nothing more than a senti mental reason why a conversion should be made in the form of the city's in debtedness. If such there be, they should not remain indifferent to the other and to them more potent reason --4hat of dollars and cents saved to thecity. SELECT BUSINESS MEN. While it is essential that only gcod men should be elected to all of the dif ferent city offices now about to be. come vacant by reason of the expira tion of the terms of those filling them, it is particularly important that great care should be exercised by the voters in their selection of men to fill vacan cies arising in the board of aldermen. Here in particular it is demanded that tmen of good sense, sound business judgment and liberal experience should 'be chosen. Councilmen are p city's executors, its agents, whose acts are binding upon the principal. They conduct its affairs and in the d~ gree that they are reliable, honest, conscientious and capable in that de gree are a municipality's business matters discharged and its interests conserved and guarded. In casting about for men to repre sent them, the voters of the different wards should not permit themselves to be solely guilded, is only too often oc. curs, by a conslderation of 'the social qualities of the candidates asking Stheir support. First thought should be given to competence and fitness. Be cause a man may be a "good fellow" is not evidence of his possession of the ability to !honestly and capably ad ,minister the affairs of a public body like a city. Only men who are known to have successfully managed their own concerns, who are known to be conservative, high minded and pos sessed of business ability, coupiled with the inclination and purpose to conduct municipal affairs with the same regard for details and economy as they would their own should be see lected. Let the new aldermen be business men, men of weight and responsibility. The city's interests will then be in safe hands. NOT TO THEIR CREDIT. Presumably acting on the ground that it is the affair of no one b.ut them selves and 'the state they are repre senting, the republican members of the Colorado legislature voted to seat Peabody as governor and to ignore the claims lolf Adams. That they did not consider Peabody entitled to the seat is made manifest by the condition im posed antecedent to the vote-Pea body pledged hhimself to resign and permit the office to go to McDonald, the lieutenant governor. In 'taking this action the republi cans undoubtedly gave consideration to party and not to the individual. By the accession of McDonald a republi can will be governor, thus maikng it a political victory instead of a personal one. That kind of argument may sat isfy those who advanced and acted upon it, but to the outside world it savors too much of dishonesty to be satisfactory. Either Peabody is en titled to the office for the full term or he is not entitled to it at all. The general opinion leans to the latter as sumption, and the action of the ma jority in the legislature tends to prove its correctness. In accepting the compromise Peabody himself gave evi dence of doubt in his own mind as' to his right to the office. Did he hon estly and sincerely believe himself to have been elected he would have scorned the proposal of 'those opposed to him and would have gone down with colors flying. Thinking of this makes it look all the worse for him. But he demanded "vindication." Seemingly he 'thinks he has obtained it, but not 'many will agree with him in that respect. The investigation made into the election demonstrated that in spite of all the claims to the contrary, a ma jority of the people of Colorado want ed Adams for their governor. When it was proved that he had received enough votes to make him such he should have been permitted to take the office. The fact that he is a democrat should not have been allowed to enter into the matter, the wishes and de mands of the people should have been heeded. This was not done and the republicans of the state may find it much rougher sledding the next time than ,they d.id last fall; such things are not 'soon forgotten. The action of the republican legislators was poor politics, regardless of how they may regard it. Heed tshould be given the future as well as regard to the pres ent. Other elections are coming and the results another time may be so very apparent and positive that the necessity for a recoust and contest will not arise. As regards McDonald, he does not appear in much 'better light than Pea. body. Even though they may 'nave spirited away some of the men upon whom the government relied for testimony to convict the packing house managers of having violated the Grosscup in junction, new and wholly unexpected allies of the prosecution seem to have appeared. For reasons not yet known a split has occurred In the trust and s.,me of those who were until recently active mem'bers of the combination now are apparently willing to tell all they know and to help United State' Attorney Bethea ,to secure conviction of the other fellows, with whom they have quarreled. At this distance It scems to 'be only another came of hon est men coming into their own through the fallin5 out of the other xind. It took them a long time to deolde, but the deciaion made by the republl. can mem4ers oa the Mllisourl ielgill ture in regard to a United States sen ator is concededly a wise one.; Major Warner is not only a republican, but is also a man of ability, the superior of any of the others of his party who were candidates. His eledtion is at tended by much greater satisfaction to the republicans all over the land than had the choice fallen upon either Nied ringhaus Ir Kerens. In fact, in so lit 'tle esteem are those two held that mlany good republicans would have preferred the return of Cockrell, dem ocrat though he be. But fortunately the majority at the very last minute came toItheir senses and not only elect ed a man of their own lolitics, but ablo elected one whom all may honor and of whom much is to be expected. With 'the announcement of Japanese occupation of Tie pass! and further re treat of its eastern army about cut off 'and France declining to give it more credit, Russia 'may yet find itself compelled to end the war and accept Japan's terms in spite of the czar's avowed determination 'to continue 'the unequal struggle. His statement that the empire has within itself ,resources sufficient to continue the war, if need be, without outside financial assist ance, may be another of the 'bluffs for which the bear has become famous. Simple conviction 'by a trial jury apparently has not lessened Cassie's confidence of ultimate 'triumph over her enemies. The care and prodigality she exhibited in the selection of a i wardrobe when permitted to visit her late home shows that she is evidently iWlanning other campaigns in the finan cial world aind intends to be prepared to put up a "front" when she starts out to interview susceptible old men with plenty of money at their com mand. A newspaper heading announces that "Togo is there." This seems to be 'supererogation, at least Aso the Rus sian admiral must regard it. The faculty of thereness hitherto -mani fested by the Jap has caused not a little worry and inconvenience to 'the men to whose detriment it 'has been exhibited. Oyama, Kuroki and some more of the mikado's men have also displayed it on occasion. NEXT .NATIONAL CONVENTION. Minneapolis Journal: In all probs bility there will be a number of can didates for the next republican nomi nation for president. We do not men tion this with the idea of deciding at this time whom the party 'shall chcose, but to suggest some definite arrange ments about the convention. In the firs;t place, it ought to be a de liberative body. Its proceedings should hbe audible to the delegates and to the representatives of the press. Parties of late years have gone to an extreme in holding their conventions in great barns whose size and sh'ape precludes the idea of their having any acoustic properties whatever. This has resulted in the conventions being run 'by mobs from the galleries and claque3 which made their way by main force upon the floor. The last democratic convention was an extreme illustration of the difficulty of holding a convention in a large granary. The speeches were not heard and the parliamentary control of the proceedings was made farcical 'by the rulings of the chair being translated through a megaphone. It is plain that parties must return to the true theory of a convention, which is that it should be a delibera 'tive body, conducted in such a manner and in such surroundings as shall give each delegate the largest possible share in the proceedings. It may be said that the conventions which nominated McKinley and Bryan and the one which named Roosevelt were only great ratification meetings with little use for delegrate in 'the true sense. But this will not be the case three years from now. Both republi cans and democrats will have groups of caindidates. The republican conven tion, unless some miraculously strong leader springs up meanwhile, will have a large number of favorite son candi dates; there will be a number of con troversial problems proposed for the pilatform. The democratic convention will be faced with the present problem of the control of the party by the radicals or the moderates. Neither party can af ford 'to deliver its convention over to the mobs which have ruled them late ly. Smaller halls with better space for the delegates and smaller audi ences under 'the control of sergeatsta at-arms should be the desideratum in. stead of great auditorium, completely s.ubjeot 'to the mob. $ may be said that the mob 'buys tiekets at en6mous price an/d pays the expensaes of the conventlon. 'his Fifty Years the Standard BARING POWNIIR Made from pure cream of tartar derived from grapes. PRICE BAKING POWDER CO.. CHICAGO. d, an argument that ought not to be admitted. Parties which can and do raise milllicns for the campaign ought to be alble to raise the legitimate ex pense of a national convention without selling it to the leather-lunged gallery claque. LIGHT ON THE SENATE. Minneapolis Journal: The Ameri can people will find that legislation for their benefit, if it is antagonistic to great monopolies, railroads aid trusts, will be killed in the up,,nr house of congress, just so long as ; :e senators are sent to Washingto't as the representatives of their political sponsors, the trust, the railroad and the financial pool, rather than as the guardian of the interests of the pub lic. "No man can serve two masters." The Standard Oil senators in Wash ington, and there are a number of them, could not be induced to incur the displeasure of the mighty power back of the greatest of trusts; there are enough guardians of the interests of ,the railroads to switch legislation against the regulation of rates and rebates into oblivion; while .men rep resenting express companies, banking and large groupings for financial man ipulation sit in their seats, in the guise of senators, owned and controlled through much money. There is yet another class of sena tors elected to the upper house be cause of their own great wealth. They might be expected 'to act independ ently, but it is too often the case that some part of their large investments are in the companies requiring legis lation, and thus they 'become partisams against the best interests of the peo ple. This is not an especially pretty pic ture; it is revolting to all believers in good government and clean politics. The English house of lords and the American senate have much to answer for. Both have 'been frequently re ferred 'to as useless hindrances to leg islation and needless institutions. We are not prepared to go This far, how ever, and believe 'that the senate and the house, if properly elected, will act as a 'safety valve the one for the other, and work for the good of the country as the framers of the constitution in tended they should. The remedy is plain. Let no man buy his wary into the senate of the United Stptes; let no corporation, 'fin anclal or railroad clique dictate who shall represent the people of a state in the upper 'house. The application of the remedy is in permitting the people to elect 'the -senators just as they do the congressmen. If a senator thus elected acquires 'too high an opin ion of senatorial dignity and refuses to do the will of the people, his term of office will not' be extended. The most important question of this day is the election of senators by the people. They are no better than the president, 'the vice president, the 'governors, 'con gressmen and mayors of our great cit ies. Let them take the chances of the ballot box and be answerable to the people for 'their action and they will stop and think before going over to the enemy. THEODORE AND TIBERIUS. Minneapolis Journal: The land question is the question of all the ages. A magazine has recently insti ituted comparlsons -between Theodore Roosevelt and Tibertue Gracdhus. Gracohbs was the early reformer of 'ome; but, early as lhe wu abuses hal preoeded him. The land had been takea from the state by the oltiMas aend bad aduually aoooulutel in the hands of a few landlords. The people were unable to gain even a substance, and the republic of Rome was close to anarchy because of the greed of the aristocracy. At this point came forward Tiberius Gnacchus, himself a member of the aristocracy, and proposed laws which would return the farming -country to the people. His proposals were vio lently opposed by the landed in'teredt, which had command of the senate. In his controversy with that body the writer finds a parallel with the career of Roosevelt, who, originating in the upper social class, has made himself the champiocn of the common people. His fight against 'the trusts he finds analogous to the struggle of Gracchus, against 'the landlords. He draws also a parallel between the senate of Rome and the senate of the United States. While the trust question is not one of land directly, it is so really, because it is Ithe ownership of the land in which the octal and iron are located that makes the steel trust Aso powerful. Ownership of the raw 'materials of manufacture enables it to suffocate competition by shutting off the sup plies. Ownership of the highways of commerce is another means of propa gating mono(poly, and the *railroadls are directly the offispring of the power with which they are clothed to take land forcibly by ,the right of eminent domain. President Roosevelt has entered upon a great struggle. No one sup poses for an instant that the 'trutsts are going to yield, nor the railroads surrender, at the demand of one man. The powerful interests Which are so rapidly absorbing the visible wealth of the country will fight and fight hard. One election and the ascendency of one friend of the people in the presi dency will not 'solve the problem. The president can do much, but he cannot do I't all. He especially cannot convert a hostile congress, jealotus' of its pre rogatives. He can, however, instil in the minds of the people an ideal of right and 'wrong and prepare them to continue their ocwn 'battle with other men and other measures in 'other years. The philosophy of the Roosevelt poli tics is not that 'men should 'be strong just for 'the *sake of fighting, but that they should inure themselves to hard wc'rk, shard thinking and hardy deeds of courage, so that they 'may be train ed for the actual battle when It comes. There is no inconsistency 'between the rtreeddent's advocacy of the strenuous life and his personal love of the simple life. They go towether. The simple life means the rejection of the frills of existence. It means a lightening of the load of scoleal forms and conven tional attitudes tnat the citizen may 'be stronger dor the essentialls of life. The strenuous life 'means, if it means anything, the practical application to our own and others' problems of the strength gained by the use of the sim pie life. The 'president is the prophet of a coming conflict, in :which he would like to see 'the people win by deserving vie. tory. moat carethl farmers nd gardenerseverywhere place oontideuce In Ferry's Seed--the klnd that never fall. IFERRY:S have been theatandard fibr4. "ea ThOy are not an oxnel e eni L sod by ll dealers. 1006 Mee i Amai. r'fi for tbsM.n.a a.l Si Si IRKY& O