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The Billings Gazette.
Gazette Printing Company, Publishers Issued Semi-Weekly. TUESDAYS AND FRIDAYS. Subscription Rates. One year, In advance............ i3.00 Six months .....................1.50 Entered at the Billings Fostoffice as Second Class Matter. Friday, April, 14, 1905. IT SCARES THE MAGNATES. IMany recent events transpiring in different parts of the country have 'caused the railway magnates to be oome so nervous that they jump and start at the slightest sound. Just now, so Washington dispatches tell us, they are all .worked up over the results of the municipal election that took place at Chicago last week. The vote recorded there was overwhelmi ingly in favor of municipal ownership of public utilities, an ownership to be assumed immediately. In that ex pression of public sentiment they pro tess to see a sign of ill omen to them selves. With municipal ownership of street cars becoming general, they argue that it will be difficult, if not impossible, to prevent a general de Imand, first, probably, for state con trol of interurban roads, and then for national ownership of the interstate lines. In respect of the latter proposition the men owning the railroads are un necessarily alarnmed. Of course, na. tional ownership of the railroads is something to be heard discussed con tinually, and there always have been 4 and probably always will be men who honestly believe that the government should own the railway and telegraph lines: But it will be a long time be fore they will see their dream be come more than a hope. This is not saying that government ownership may not be a good thing, but, like many other good things, It may not be acquired without much difficulty, and the time required in its acquisi tion will -be long. Thepeople arenot yet pirepared to go to that extreme. Those who are .committed to the policy of national ownership form a very small part of the population and they have not given thought to all that must be considered when airing their views. The majority of the people are op posed to them, but they are of the be lief that the time has come when the government must intervene and take a hand in managing the railroads so far as pertains to their relation to the public. In other ,words, they have be come convinced that the roads must be forced into treating all their pat rons alike, to deal honestly with them and to afford the same opportunities and privileges to the small shipper as are at present reserved for the big one, and that this can be best done by the government taking to itself the right to regulate rates. But, if report 'be true, It accom pli·shed some good to the people or the nation at large, regardless of how needless may be the rears of the rail roads that Judge Dunne's election is only a prelude to things more serious. It is said to have brought about a change of opinion in the 'minds of many United States ,senators and that it will go a long way toward forcing the senate to agree to the passage of a bill giving the interstate railway commission the power to regulate railway rates. On top of this it is said that surprise neea not be felt if the railroad men were to make up their minds before long that it would be wisdom on their part to accept the situation and give to the government the right to fix rates, establish olassi $cations and prescribe bills of lading, so that they could remove all reason able demand for government owner ship. Somethme during the present month Senator Elikins' interstate commerce committee will 'meet for the purpose of drawing up a bill to report to con gress at its next session. As is known, this bill will deal with govern ment supervision. The senator, who has always been the steadfast and somewhat defiant friend of the rail roads, 'has arranged to have the pres idents of the largest roads in the country attend this meeting, said to have been called for that purpose, so that they may be heard, he holding that the side of the railways has never been fairly presented. Going on the theory that the Ohlcago elec tion has a national signlficance, some of the congressional friends of the presIdent's have begun to nbtify them that it they are wise they will heed tie lesson it teaches. rhe hopes and bbelefs now enter ted may w rove to have been fruit leOs bUt baould congress act in ac esomaW rMta ~ua will and wishes, t legsMs at Judge Duane w ill be i Uagl.t"w. o[ the srius results GIVEN ANOTHER RAP. Doctor Hillis having had h.is say, it is now in order for Mr. Rogers or Mr. Dodd to come out once more with a defense of Rockefeller and his associates, or, perhaps, another paid retainer of the Standard Oil company will be delegated for the task. The pastor of Plymouth church used some very plain and emphatic language, and coming from the source it does it is bound to attract attention and cause comment not altogether pleas ing to those of whom he reverend gentleman dealt. Young Rockefeller's comparison of the trust with the American Beauty rose and justifying its existence at the expense of the smaller would-be competitors, the same as the full blown roses is made possible only by the removal of all other buds, gave Doctor Hillis an excellent text on which to base his sermon. The young man's words may be, as the good doc tor declared, "heartbreaking," but it is this very quality that will cause them to bear fruit in a manner not intended. It is talk of this kidnd by the men of the Rockefeller stripe that is 'hastening the day when the people will reassert themselves and the trusts and those responsible for them will be called to account. FORT ELLIS THE ONLY PLACE. Adjutant General Alderson says he does not know where the annual en campment of the Montana regiment of the national guard will be held this fall, notwithstanding that because of his official position many think he is in full possession of that important piece of information. Only two places are mentioned in connection with the event, Fort Ellis and Helena. The latter town is exerting every effort at its command to capture the coveted honor, but this is only characteristic of the .place-Helena wants every think, a trait of character of the city that has caused its name to be indis solubly linked in the minds of the people of other parts of the state with the humble animal that gave fame to Cincinnati as a packing cen tre years ago. Possibly, very probably, Helena will succeed, but it should not. So long as the state continues to hold possession of the abandoned military reservation of Fort Ellis, or at least that part to which it now lays title, and the buildings .,elonging to it, un der the provisions of the deed of gift executed in its favor by the general government it is In honor bound to see that its soldiery whenever assem bled in general encampment for prac tice and instruction meets nowhere else. 'The ground and all it contained in the way of 'barracks, stables and all other buildings were given to the state at the instance of its congres stional delegation for that very pur pose. The transfer was made in good faith and the state as an evidence of its good faith made immediate ar rangements for their preservation by appointing a custodian, who resides at the fort and is supposed to look after the property. It is true that the buildings have been sadly neglected since the regu lars lowered their colors for the last time there and that some of them are no longer as good as they were when turned over to' the state, but that should not tbe permitted to cut any figure in considering the question of the proper and only place for holding the encampment. If the guardsmen meet at Helena they will be required to live in tents during the few days of their stay, hence it would be no hardship on them to be compelled to do the same thing at Fort Ellis. If it is intended that the state shall abandon the fort the same as the gov ernment did, then the state should be honest and not attempt to hold the site under a pretended right, but should allow it to revert to the public domain and permit its occupancy by thoses who will put it to some legiti mate and beneficial use, the randhers. Aside from the justice and equity involved, there are several more rea sons why the encampment should be held at Fort Ellis. When the militia assembles in these annual gatherings it is supposedly for the purpose of acquiring proficiency in the arts of the soldier, and not, as some seem to think, for a lark and an outing. The members for that time are supposed to live and conduct themselves as soldiers, to act like soldiers and to be under the same discipline and restric tions as regulars concerning duty, hours and the rest of the routine. With the encampment held at Helena too many temptations will be put In the way of the amateur "swaddle' which even the terrors of the guard tent are insufficient to overcome. With him "sojering" at the old aban doned fort none of these will be pres ent and instead of permitting his mind to dwell on plans for evading disagreeable duty and "running the guard," he will interest himself in the work expected of him and the week spent by him in camp will be rrult. ant of many benefits to him, physic ally, morally, mentally and intelloeet But tor all the argumeunt. tbt t be advanced against it, Helena will probably be permitted to have its own way; the influences at work for it are much stronger than those that poor, old Fort Ellis will be able to bring to bear. THAT NEW ALLIANCE. To a great 'many persons the news of the new alliance formed in New York is of greater interest than all the stories that some across the sea about the significance of the visits that emnperors, kings, grand dukes and other titled gentlemen of the old world are paying to one another. A certain Mr. Odell, now somewhere in Europle, it may be said with safety, if he could .,ave been heard to express his actual feelings when hie read about it would have shocked all about him. The politically wise ones may be mis taken in their predictions, but they are nevertheless not slow in prophe cying all sorts of disasters and trou 'bles for the ex-governor In conse quence of the Black-Platt raproch ment. SPORTSMEN ARE SATISFIED. Apparently when at a loss for a subject on which to write, some of the editors of the state use the new game law about which to weave an editorial expression of opinion. They continue to protest against the law because it imposes a very moderate tax on all who would hunt or fish. The men who pay the license are not heard to complain. They wish to see game of all kinds protected so that it may be perpetuated and guarded against the slaughter of the pot hun ter, and to that end are willing to pay the expense incurred by the mainte nance of -a system of game protection. It must ibe admitted that the system of licensing hunters and fishermen is manifestly fairer than was the old way, when all were obliged to pay for game protection, whether they hunted or not. As the situation now exists those who were not satisfied with the old law and wanted greater protection of game and fish have what they wanted, and are paying for it. There is absolutely not a word in the much abused statute making either , hunting or fishing a matter of compul I sion. Indulgence in either of the pas times still continues wholly optional 6 with every one. 'WILL WAIT LITTLE LONGER. Much as they may esteem the prop osition in its abstract form, when it comes to putting it into the concrete the people of Helena are not certain as to the advisability of immediate assumption by the municipality of public utilities. Last Monday they voted on the question of bonding their city for the purpose of raising money with which to acquire a water works plant. The proposal was over whelmingly defeated. But they are still of the opinion that it would be a great thing for them were the city to become the owner of such a plant. The trouble seems to have been that they did not think much of the man ner in which the city council pro posed going about the matter, and then the prospect of still further in creasing the city's already excessively large indebtedness did not appeal to them very strongly, so they conclud ed to worry along with the old con dition and taking it out in "cussing" the company that it now supplying them with the fluid. MIGHT STAND THIS ONE. While the busy men of the west may think that we have holidays enough and that the creation of any more should not be encouraged, some may be induced to turn attentive ear to a proposal to have an extra one, one that shall be distinctively west ern and in commemoration of an event portentous of incalculable good to the region west of the Missouri. June 17 will occur the third anniver sary of the passage of the reclama tion act and on that date the flood gates of the first irrigation canal com pleted under the law will be opened. The very important event will take place at Reno, Nev., and will turn the waters of the Truckee river and spread them over an area containing many thousand acres of land that have lain unproductive for centuries, but will henceforth become contribu tors to the support of the multitudes. Special trains will be run from Salt Lake and San Francisco, while others from other points will also undoubt edly carry bands of happy and enthu siastic witnesses to the scene. Mem bers of the irrigation committee of both houses of congress are expected, as well as many government officials and representative men from the western states. Some of those confiding English men, who, according to London cable grams, are buying up all sorts of worthless bonds and securities, will probably awake some foggy morning with a bad taste in their mouths and sadly depleted pooketbookic. They are said to have become possessed of the idea that in view of the presi dent's polley in referenoe to San Do mingo that the Unkied States has set itself up as a sort of collection agency for the world of all claims held against the South American repub lies. Whether so or not the state ment is made that many bonds that have been regarded as worthless or next to worthless have suddenly come into active demand and are bringing prices that only a short time ago would have been regarded as fabulous. Rosjestvensky's showing of force on paper at least seems to be much more formidable than that made by Togo, .both in the number of ships and guns, but for all that the speculative American who is found willing to wager a few dollars on the outcome when the two admirals meet will probably waive the apparent advant ages of the Russians and even give odds, if required, on the Japanese. With a brand new administration about to step into power and with its usual run of sensations and the Heinze-Amalgamated continuous per formance going on in the courts, Butte is hopeful of being able to worry through the summer without ,professional baseball. If those eminent 'humanitarians of Atlantic City who have formed them selves into an Osler club will now only be consistent and accept the teachings of their master in their en tirety they will render the country a service. Perhaps, some might sug gest that men who are so utterly lazy as to seek to evade life's duties and responsibilities on the p.ea that the Limit of a man's usfulness to himself and his fellows enas with forty years should not wait until they reach the three score and a half fixed by the doctor, but ¶proceed to take chlo roform at the first convenient oppor tunity. Those newspapers and persons who are inclined to comment on the multiplicity of duties required of Sec retary Taft while temporarily filling several other offices than his own are requested to take heed of the very admirable 'manner in which he dis charges all of them. A 'man of less versatility and good sense and judg ment might be expected to get things in a tangle, but "Big Bill" is proving himself equal to the occasion and matters are progressing with their accustomed smoothness. Senator Mitchell may be the inno cent and persecuted individual he professes to be, but the fact that at the very first he undertakes a "de fense" based on technIcalities will have a tendency to cause the old fashioned people to seriously doubt his protestations. AN OPTIMISTIC WHOLE. Minneapolis Journal: Stuyvesant Fish, head of the Illinois Central sys tem, has joined himself to the Lucius Quintius Tuttle band of born railroad presidents who put in all their spare time "resenting" government interfer ence with "private business." Mr. Fish has recently taken a heavy fall out of this theory of government, but at the conclusion of 'his interview, as if fearing that his assaults upon the republic might react upon stocks, he put an optimistic touch that quite takes away the bitterness. "The agi tation," says Mr. Fish, "has all blown over." This is news that comes under the head of "important if true." If Mr. Fish can sustain his conten tion that all danger of government supervision is past, he will earn un stinted applause from a hard beset lot of United 'States senators who do not know whether to enjoy the sum mer at the seashore or not. Some of them may take it into their heads to believe that they will never have to vote on this troublesome question. Others, notwithstanding the assur ance given by so high a railroad au thority, will be somewhat wary. They would be glad to know that the people have given up their absurd contention against railroad extortions, discriminations, private car lines, pri vate terminals, rebates and merges. A senator with two sets of constitu ents, one opposed to these things and the other in favor of them, is In a deli cate situation. In the short session of congress he might be able to get away without a vote which would in dicate whether he proposed to stand by the constituents who put up the election expenses to prevent his doing "anything rash." The railroad question may have blown over and again it may not. Somebody has told "that man Roose velt" that railroading is not alto gether a private business; that In fact it is a public business which de pends upon public franchises and that it is the duty of the government to supervise the business done under public franchises and see that they are not abused. He has informed congress that it is not railroad power but the abuses of railroad power that be wants it to curb. There is no prob a'bility that he has changed his mind upon that point, Mr. Fish's cheerful optimism It lia hi to get a terrible jolt nest winter. TECHNICAL SCHOIOIS. t Goodwin's Weekly: A gentleman . lectured here last week, his theme ' being pinoipally the technical schools f of Germany, where thousands of stu- t dents graduate annually from techni- ' cal schools, and find Immediate em- e ployment in the manufacturies of that country, with the result that Ger Imany is fast becoming the foremost of manufacturing powers, although the lecturer admitted that In all first class works in Germany, Amenican tools are used. If after centuries of effort Germany is obliged to send to I America for tools to place in the hands of her workingmen, it is clear that the genius after all is on this side of the sea, only in many important lines it has not yet been carried out. I The perfection of American tools is due in part to the necessities of a new country, causing men to adopt means to an end, in part from the universal practical Rnowledge of Americans. A single examplle will il lustrate this. There are men who rememTber the old-fashioned picks used in construct ing railways. The blades were quite two feet long, 'much curved, very heavy and the eyes were so made that it was difficult to keep the handle firmly attached for a single day. At last a disgusted California miner went to a blacksmiatth, and drawing a. rude sketch of a pick on a piece of board, said: "I want you to make me a pick like that." It was done and that finished the old-fashioned pick forever. The blades were short, nearly straight, the eye was large, and in the form of an elipse, the chief weight was around the eye, where the handle could be held solid-it was simply the application of a little horse sense to an instrument which the miner had to use in his work and pack from camp to camp. Of the results of tech nical skill, we have some vivid exam ples in this country. All southern men of middle age will remember when cotton seed was 'looked upon as an unmitigated nuisance. Now every seed is hoarded like a grain of gold. Oil as fine as the finest olive oil is produced from it. Indeed, many a family uses it constantly, believing it is real olive oil, while the baser por tion is made into a food which gives the finishing glow to the coat of a blood-horse. But greater miracles have been per formed with Indian corn. From the corn and corn stalk more than thirty valuable articles of ccpnmerce are now manufactured. It is really the most valuable plant known to man. In Germany, the search for new combi nations to make goods of value and to put them out in most attractive form, is incessant. Chemists are steadily employed, many a man and woman who at first dreamed of havy s ing studios and ,being famous artists d are busy now (and contented under e steady salaries) working up new de signs and new 'tints for prints, or to add to the embellishments that, put Li upon a piece of worthless clay, con it vert it into a vase that the rich has s ten to purchase. e This is a matter so important that e the governments, state and national,, e should offer premiums for every new L- practical discovery in either mechan n cs or chemistry, and every state should have its own special technical e school. The example of both France and Germany should be imitated and, i- if possible, enlarged upon. Hence it forth the raw material that our coun 1- try can export will grow less and less; t to maintain a great commerce, the o manufactonies of our country must be - improved; into material that is cheap f and abundant more American brain .o must be fused, for nothing commands 5so high a value as real brains. i. For our country's sake, there must - be more skilled work performed at - home, and for our country's safety there should be, by our people, a t peaceable conquest of countries that I are stAll waiting civilization. These , should be secured to make an open - ing for the restless portion of our . people and for the swelling millions - that are being added to our population Iannually. SAUCE FOR THE GOOSE. Portland (Ore.) Evening Telegram: Japanese statesmanship has express ed the opinion that in the final settle sment of the conflict with Russia the little brown man has some ,pride and honor to defend, as well as the Slav. As the Japanese view of the subject has recently been given voice by the Japanese minister of the Interior, one is to assume that the men of the is land kingdom are willing to abide the issue and let the loser pay the costs. This is an attitude that has not been manifested hitherto, never theless it is one that should not ex cite surprise. With all due respect that may be paid to omficial denials, Russial has indicated what she will not ooncede nor consider in ultimate peac negotiations, and among those things that are beyond her limitations is that of paying indemnity. The rest at the world may well as sume that this foolisbly defant atti tud'e of ,tb Mscovte has not con tributed toithe favorable character of pea-a9germ~ she mig'ht have been of fered. Jaipai in a spirit of irony, des tined undoubtedly to bear its practi cal fruit, has accepted the Russian's estimate of his prowess, and his sole ly conceived chance for victory, as he intends it shall be accepted by the world at 1trge. She has declared that on this `bsis she is willing to stake her chances on the final result of the game, including indemnity as a pen alty to thle loser, and a legitimate perquisite of the winner. Men will not deny that there is .s tice In this Japanese determination, whether tkey sympathize with one or the other 'of the combatants. In this position t ere is simple recognition of the sound' philosophy embodild in the old saw: What is sauce for the goose is sauce for the gander. Japlan has al together the better of the situation. Prospectively, there appears to be no reasonable combination of circum stances that will rob her of final vic tory. Rational opinion throughout the world is not of the belief that Russia can win. If positions were reversed, what would be Russia's view on the subject of indemnity? It requires no shrewd conjecture to formulate it. Her demands would be nowise mod est; and her insistence on compliance would not lack in determination. There is no reasonable occasion for complaint if her successful opponent proves equally aggressive upon the recognition of her right, and equally firm in adhering to the realization of the practical fruits of victory. WILL LEAVE KANSAS. Wichita, Kans., April 10.-Mrs. Car rie Nation, who is in jail here, today signed deeds conveying her Topeka property to private parties at a cost of $7,000, and announced her inten tion, after serving out her jail sen tence, of leaving Kansas and settling n Oklahoma, where she will devote attention to efforts to have a temper ance clause inserted in the constitu tion when Oklahoma secures state hood. Mrs. Nation ils in prison for "joint ,smashing," awaiting decision of an ap peal to the district court. For her of fense she was fined $150 and sentenc ed to 30 days in jail. The property sold was that which the Women's Christian Temperance union at the state convention here last October re fused to accept as a gift from Mrs. Nation. (First Publication April 14-3f) Administrator's Sale. In the Matter of the Estate of Michael O'Connell, Deceased. There will be sold at administrator's sale at :the brick store building on lot seventeen, in block one hundred eighty-nine, of Billings, Montana, at two o'clock p. m. on April 29, 1905, lot seventeen in block one hundred eighty-nine of the original town, now city, of Billings, with the tenements and appurtenances thereunto belong ing There will also be sold the fol lowing described personal property, to-wit: Three barrels of whiskey, two gallons of blackberry brandy, one case of champagne, six bottles of Sau terne, five bottles of Rhine wine, five bitters bottles, two dozen stem beer glasses, one and one-half dozen ale glasses, five lemonade glasses, one half dozen wine glasses, two bar bot tles, four bar spoons, one twist bar spoon, one strainer ,one shaker, one ice pick, one water pitcher, one dice box, two five-gallon jugs, five two-gal lon jugs, two two-gallon demijohns, one cork puller, one cigar case, three iron cuspidors, six paper cuspidors, eighteen common chairs, one heating stove, two round tables, one desk, one Ice box, one bar and back bar, one looking glass, eleven plates, ten cups and saucers, two syrup pitchers, twelve *sauce dishes, six spoons, one coffee pot, three frying pans, awelve knives and forks, three bake pans, two stew pans, one lunch counter, five upright stools, one steel range. Ten per cent of the amount bid for said real estate must be paid in cash, balance to be paid upon confirmation of such sale by court. Amounts bid for personal property must be paid in eash. Signed and dated April 11, 1905. JOHN RIORDAN, Administrator. (First Publication April 14, 1905-4) Assessment Notice. Notice is hereby given that at a meeting of the trustees of the High line Ditch company, held on the 31st day of March, 1905, an assessment of 5 per cent per share was levied upon the capital stock of the corporation, payable on or before the first day of May, 1905, to the secretary at his ranch or by mail at Billings, Mont. Any stock upon which the assess ment remains unpaid on said first day of May, 1905, will be delinquent, and advertised for sale at public auction, and unless payment is made before will be sold on the 16th day of May, 1905,. to pay delinquent assessment. together with costs' of advertising and expenses o sale. B. B. H.ArTINOS, SeBatary.