RATE CONTROL p
'ENTIRELY NEW BILL EXPECTED o
NEXT SESSION. a
ITS FOUNDATION, OUTLINED
Policy of Administration in Reference t
to Proposed Legislation Compre- d
hensive and Broad.
Washington, April 16.-Certain I
friends of the administration in con
gress already have begun a series of
conferences looking to an entirely
new railroad rate bill of a much more
comprehensive character than any
thing which was attempted at the last
Unless the president changes his
mind there will be an extra session
October 1. Uncle Joe Cannon will be
elected speaker again, and he will, of
course, need some little time to make
up his committee listg because there
is a large percentage of new republi
can members to be provided for.
Hepburn Changes Front.
It is quite possible, however, to
.announce the committee on interstate
and foreign, commerce at once. Colo
nel Hepburn of Iowa will be chairman
again. He was not in favor of ex
tending the powers of the interstate
commerce commission when the pres
ident sent in his message last Decem
ber. He bowed gracefully to the will
of his constituents, none the less, and
aince then has heartily supported the
,programme submitted to congress by
In View of this condition of affairs
friends of railroad legislation already
have begun to get together and hope
to have ready at the opening of the
special session a complete draft of a
new bill to be considered by the com
Strong Tendency for Reform.
Business men and shippers will be
glad to know there is a strong ten
dency now to get all railroad reform
into one measure which will be in ef
fect a remodeling of the interstate com
mnerce law, which in the end actually
may repeal that statute. In that case,
of course, all essential features of the
old law would be re-enacted.
%Absolute regulation of railroad rates
by the interstate commerce commis
sion, abolition of all special privileges
to private car lines and their classifl
cation as common carriers, uniform
bills of ladling, uniform classfications
of freight and supervision of division
freight rates between different rall
roads so as to put a stop to little ter
minal railroad abuses, will be the
foundation stones of the new admin
stration policy in all probability.
Experience gained in the last con- ti
gress shows conclusively it would be t]
sa great mistake to take up railroad
reforms and attempt to make them d
piecemeal. The Elkins law is an ex- n
ample of this. It started in to stop c
rebates and wound up by prohibiting l
infliction of imprisonment as a pun- a
ishment for totally different viola. t
tions of the interstate commerce low. a
Regulation of freight rates ,by the in
terstate commerce commission, it now
has been demonstrated to the satisfac- r
tion of congress, cannot possibly be 1
accomplished without an equally strict
governmental control of freight, clas
asilcation. - . .
In the same way, too, railroads
have it in their power, if they so de
sire, to evade the law if they are per
mitted to make their own bills of lad
ing and introduce therein special con
ditions and liabilities which can be en
forced or waived at the will of the
company, thus affording every facility
for granting of favors to one shipper
at the expense of another.
Effect of Chicago Election.
'There already is beginning to be
felt the influence of the Chicago elec
tion. That declaration for municipal
ownership undoubtedly has frightened
a good many prominent railroad men.
A number of them who have been here
in attendance on the interstate com
merce commission and who have been
preparing for. the railway congress
and exposition to be held here soon
are much disturbed lest the municipal
ownership idea in Chicago may grow
to such an extent as to result in ag!
tation agdinst all railroads.
If this should prove to be the case
it would be a serious matter for some
of the great transportation lines
which are in the hands of stock job
bers and which could not stand much
agitation of this sort. When the
granger agitation swept over the
west years ago it was almost exclu
Ively uaral. Granges were held in
country towns, and the vmnement gen
Smllr was manipulated by the farm
ers themselves, who were not any too
well acquainted with each other, and
who were not accustomed to particl
pate, to any great extent, in large
In spite of that the grange was
portent with political energy through
out the whole Mississippi valley, and
older railroad men have not forgotten
how the pendulum swung backword
and how distinct anti-railroad legisla
tion readily was passed In Kansas,
Iowa and other western states.
As compared with the grange move
ment in the country, the existing agl
tation against transportation lines, of
which the municipal ownership cam
paign in Chicago was merely a fea
ture, is believed to be infinitely more
dangerous by experienced railroad
men. They have begun to point to the
fact that the disturbance throughout
hte country and the general agitation
against rebates, discriminating rates,
private car lines, terminal lines and
other admitted abuses all spring up
most completely in the city.
TARIFF WAR WITH GERMANY IS
ALL DEPENDS ON SENATE
Unless Trade Agreement Can Be Ar
ranged Germany Will Probably
Chicago, April 16.-Walter Well
man, in a Washington special to the C
Is there to be- a tariff war between
the United States and Germany? It
rests with the United States to decide
this question. If such a war comes, it C
will be a most bitter one and exceed
ingly costly to American commerce.
It will come as sure as fate unless
public opinion whips the senate into
line and forces it to support President
Roosevelt in his desire to make a new
commercial arrangement with Ger
many advantageous to both countries.
Inquiry from Germany.
Through Ambassador Sternberg the 1
German government has already in
quired if the United States is ready to
take up the question of a new trade
agreement with a view to settling all
difference upon a permanent and sat
President Roosevelt's reply was
that he would be ready to discuss the
question in the early autumn. He ad
ded that preparation of such discus
sian-accumulation of the data upon
which it must be based-would be
The German government is also
making preparations, and within a
few months the whole question of the
commercial and tariff relations be
tween the two countries will become
the subject of negotiations.
It is well known here that Pressi
dent Roosevelt favors meeting Ger
many half way. He realizes that a
critical moment in the commercial re
lations of the two countries is near
at hand, and he would like to have
the matter settled in such a way as to
avert the possibility of hostilities.
Policy of the Kaiser.
This is also the policy of the Ger
man emperor. Ambassador Stern
berg has been instructed that Ger
many is willing to negotiate in the
friendliest possible way on the basis
of "the square deal," a phrase which
now appears to have almost as much
vogue in Europe as in the United
According to the kaiser's instruc
tions Germany will not ask for every
thing in sight. She is prepared to
a both give and take. She approaches
Y the negotiations in the spirit shown
Sby two merchants who sit down after
dinner to talk over an Important deal,
and by one yielding here and the
a|other a little there they finally reach
- an agreement of benefit to them both.
as SECURED BY REAL ESTATE
e PAYS INTEREST
ie ON DEPOSITS
iU YOUR BUSINESS SOLICITED
AUSTmI NoaRT, Cashier.
a* W. W. BaxsiN, Assistant Cashier.
TWO THOUSAND MEN IDLE IN
BUSY AT LAKE SUPERIOR
Michigan Copper Mine Operators Are
Preparing for Trouble--Moyer
Duluth, Minn., April 16.-Chisholm
reports that all work in the mines
there and on the stripping contracts
has been stopped. At Hibbings, too,
'the men are still out---ll but a few.
This means that in the neighborhood
of 2,000 men are idle.
The -men who are the real strikers
probably do not exceed 250 or 300, and
the remainder are peaceably inclined,
but are afraid to work. The Finns
and Austrians who compose the main
body of the strikers are a reckless lot
and ready to use knives or guns on a
The general opinion is that the
strike will wear itself out. Strenuous
efforts are being made by the Western
Federation of Miners to organize the
men in all of the range towns, and ;,
its efforts and thktt of a socialist who
is up there are attributed much of the
discontent that has been engendered.
C. G. Keniston is the Federation or
ganizer, and Saturday nIght he held
a meeting at Chisholm. He said he
was a 'blacklisted miner, being on the
list because of being a striker in the
Cripple Creek region. Besides trying
to organize tne men he advocated so
He did not organize the men at
Chisholm, but his talks and those of
Dan Lear, a socialist, who is holding
meetings in the mining towns, are
stirring up the men.
COPPER MINES MAY CLOSE.
Lake Superior Operators Decide on
Houghton, Mich., April 16.-In ex
pectation of a general strike on May
1, the mine operators of Houghton,
Keweenaw and Ontonagon counties
have decided in case of a walkout to
make no concessions whatever, and
close down absolutely for an indefi
The conservative element among
'the Calumet & Hecla employes are la
'boring hard to prevent a strike. In
case of a general strike the old men
may not get their jobs back when a
e settlement is reached.
"Mother" Jones is here and Charles
Moyer, president of the Western Fed.
eration of Miners, has been a visitor.
e The federation organizers say they
are not agitating a strike, but the evi
dence is to the contrary.
,Sixteen thousand men would be af
fected directly, and as many more in
directly by a general strike.
BRAVE WISCONSIN BOY.
Fights Off Four Tramps Who Attack
Elk River, Minn., April 16.--While
alone in his father's house, four miles
west of Elk River, yesterday, Earl
Bastin, a boy of 12, fought off four
tramps and shot one of them..
Early in the forenoon the boy heard
a noise at the door and from a win*
dow saw four rough-looking men. He
secured his father's revolver and told
the men to go away.
Believing he .could be easily fright
ened, the tramps broke down the door
and were about to enter when young
Bastin fired and wounded one of them.
They were not prepared for such a
fierce resistence and promptly made
off, taking the injured man with them.
A posse of farmers led by a deputy
sheriff are searching the adjacent
country for them.
Base for Jap Naval Operations.
London, April 14.-A British naval
officer who knows the China sea well,
says that Makung harbor in Pesca
dor islands, between Formosa and the
Chinese mainland, which the Japan
ese have chosen as one of their naval
bases for operations against the Rus
sian squadron, is an ideal base for tor
pedo operations. The harbor is locat
ed in the southwest part of the larg
est of the Pesoadores and has a safe
anchorage which runs back three
miles, so that it is quite sheltered
even from typhoons.
He thinks that the fact that the
Japanese have now revealed this po
sition indicates that they are satisfied
that there is no longer any possibility
of Rojestvensky hearing of it be-ore
he arrives in the straits o Formosa.
the southern entrance of whbh he
must now be earins
sThe A. L. Babcock Hardware Co.
Only Exclusive Implement Dealersmin Eastern Montana.
Agents for the I. H. Babcock and lenny & Thompson Buggies,
Carriages, Runabouts and Road Wagons.
special at- Thompson
tention to carriages &
our com-) road wag
plete line ons are
of H. H.- second to
buggies & Be sure
runabouts; and exam
these turn- ine these
outs are makes be
the highest - fore pur
grade ever - chasing
shown in . : elsewhere.
Agents for Canton Plows, Harrows and Disc Harrows,
Monitor Double Disc Drills,
Planet Junior Garden Tools.
The A. L. Babcock Hardware Co.
Montana Ave. and Twenty-Fifth St. BILLINGS, MONTANA.
Russians Are Defeated.
Tolsio, April 14, 3 p. m.-The follow
ing anonuncement was made today:
"Our force advancing eastward via
the Fushun & Hailung road encoun
tered and defeated the enemy on the
morning of the 12th at Erhhoulu, sev
en miles east of Yingpan. The ene
my's strength was one regiment of in
fantry, six squadrons of cavalry *nd
four guns. Our force then occupied
Tsangshih, about 19 miles east of
Hingpan. The enemy, in retreating
toward Hallung, fought at every step.
"The enemy on the Kirin road has
gradually retreated since the 11th,
a portion of thl.s force still remaining
to bar the passage of the Yushu river.
"No changes have occurred in the
Changtu or Fakumen districts, except
occasional cavalry skirmishes."
(First Publication April 18, 1905-4t)
Notice to Creditors.
Estate of W. E. Owens, Deceased.
Notice is hereby given by the un
dersigned executrix of the estate of
W. E. Owens, deceased, to the credit
ors of and all persons having claims
against the said deceased to exhibit
them, with the necessary vouchers,
within four months after the first pub
lication of this notice, to the said exe
cutrix, at Billings, in the county of
Yellowstone, state of Montana.
Dated at Billings, Montana, April
LYDIA C. OWENS,
Executrix of the Last Will and Testa
ment of W. E. Owens, Deceased.
A $2,000 Production
URING the latter part of April there will be Issued from
D The Gazette Office an edition of the paper which,
from an artistic and literary standpoint, will surpass
anything of the kind ever attempted in the state.
Hundreds of dollars have been expended in illustra
tions produced from photographs and hundreds more in em
ploying artists for special designing.
Don't be deceived by spending your money for something
thrown together by men inexperienced in editing and illustrat
ing a newspaper, but buy the genuine article for just half
A copy of the illustrated edition of The Gazette goes free
to every new or paid up subscriber. The regular price will be
fifty cents a copy.
Hollister's Rocky Mountain Tea is
positive, never nauseates or upsets
the stomach. Cleanses and purifies
the entire system. A great blessing
to sufferling humanity. 35 cents, Tea
or Tablets. Holmes & Rixon.
Extra choice carnations 75c and $1
per dozen, at Miss PaUlton's, 3019
Montana avenue. Both phones.
The Very Best
For prices and terms apply
to Tharp livery barn or resi
dence of S. K. Deverill, 512
North Twenty-eighth street.
Also a quantity of seed
wheat and seed oats.
$5.00 REWARD. -
The above reward will be ,
o paid for the arrest and con
viction of any person stealing *
* copies of The Gazette from -
@[email protected]@000 0 [email protected]
S (ireat Falls,
Leave Billings daily
except Sunday at 6
a. m, for Musselshell T
Flat Willow, Grass
Range, Gilt Edge
First-class Accommodations for
Passengers and Express *
C.S. BELL, Agent.
N. P. Express Office, Billings.
W. C. DOHERTY, Proprietor
Great Falls, Montana.
i w. +++++++++++++++++++++*
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