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The Billings Gazette.
Gazette Printing Company, Publishers Issued Semi-Weekly. TUESDAYS AND FRIDAYS. Subscription Rates. One year, in advance.............3.00 Six months .....................1.50 Entered at the Billings Postofflce as Second Class Matter. Friday, May 5, 1905. ENFORCE THE ORDINANCE. Last Saturday's investigation by the coroner established in an official way something that has long been known to almost every resident of the city that the railroad companies are daily and continuously violating the ordi nance which prescribes the rate of -speed at which they may run their trains within the corporate limits. Although existence of the ordinance and its provisions must have been known to the railroad people and also the city officers, the first have shown their contempt for it by constant vio lations and the latter have been negli gent in discharging their duty. It re quired just some such awful occur rence as that by which a human life was ended to bring to public notice that the law has been disregarded. The men who handle the throttles are not to blame, they say, as they claim it is necessary for them to main tain the top speed of their trains un til they are stopped in front of the station, so that they may make the ,schedule time required. If this is re ally the case, then a revision of time cards is in order. At least something should be done to prevent recurrence of last Saturday's accident. Reckless running of railroad trains through the heart of the city is too dangerous to be tolerated. BOTH WRONG AND RIGHT. Something more than Colonel Bryan's assurance to the contrary is required to convince the army of dem ocrats who have been for years hun gering to reach the lunch stand that their party is not dead. His jaunty declaration that in spite of its re peated defeats it is stronger today than ever will be received by them with due allowance for the nature of the occasion at which his declarations were uttered and for the stimulating and exalting influences of the liquids served at the Monroe day banquet. Those present no doubt applauded his remarks vigorously, but at the same time away down in the depths of their disappbinted minds they must have felt that even a political banquet was a poor place in which to make light of the solemnity of death and to jest about the dead. The distinguished Nebraskan was eminently right, though, when he said that the forces which are behind the truth are as irresistable and as con stantly at work as the forces of na ture. This has been abundantly de monstrated in the repeated republican victories and in none more convinc ingly and thoroughly than the ones that were achieved when the colonel himself was -leading the foe. Con sciousness of this undoubtedly im pelled him to make the statement that wherever the republicans proposed -t'regislation in the interest of the peo ple they would receive the support of the democrats. He must have been thinking of 1896 and again four years later when he said that, not to say anything of about nine months ago. NOT ALL UNDESIRABLE. Because of their hords, public at tention centres almost entirely upon the immigrants arriving on these shores from the southern European countr:'i, little or no attention being laid to those of the more desirable classes that come from the northern countries. In recent years that very valuable class of immigration has shrunken until now it is only a very small fraction of what it once was. The fact that it has not ceased alto gether is a matter of congratulation, for it means, even though very slight it may be, a constant influx of new blood, the progenitors of future sturdy native born citizens, a contri bution to the channel from which is expected the typical American who is to be the dominant power of the world and who is yet in the stage of evolution, for the American who will eventually rule the land will be a composite, a blending of the better strains of many species. A few days ago figures given out by the Egnglish government which show that the English emigrant in looking about for a land where he asy hope to Ibetter his condition is sat unmindful of the inducements SeMd oat by America to the industri Sa fI and that his patrotism L. U adent to aImpel him to remain under the flag of the double cross when once he decides to move. Of the 453,887 who left the "tight little island" last .year year to seek new homes, 281,945 came to the United States, more than two-thirds of the whole number. Canada re ceived 91,684 and the British posses sions in South Africa, 32,278, while Australia, regarded as England's greatest colony, had to be content with 14,210. The remainder went to other parts of the world. The emigration to Canada was lar ger than usual, as 4 result of the ex tra efforts making in England to in duce those of the over-crowded com munities of the mother country to settle in the dominion, where land is to be had free and opportunities are many. But for all that, the Briton believes that in America he will come nearer finding what he is in quest of and it ins safe to assume that this will continue for many years to come. As a rule he is the kind of immigrant whose coming is to be encouraged and it is fortunate that many of him are still casting eye this way. RUBBING IT IN. Not only have they lost their only political organ, but the democrats of St. Paul, and for that matter of the entire state or Minnesota, have to submit to other annoyances incident co the expiration of the Globe, not to say indignity and insult. A part of the subscription list of the defunct publication has been bought by an intensely and rabidly republican paper, the Minneapolis Tribune, which is supplying the paid-up subscribers of the Globe with mental pabulum for the period to which they were enti tled to receive their daily installments of iJmhill democracy. Some of the remarks of the men who for a gener ation derived political wisdom and inspiration from the late lamented would be interesting could they be heard when they receive their new guide and instructor. QUALIFIED BENEFACTION. During the last few days the name of J. Pierpont Morgan has figured in the public prints in a manner differ ent than usual. Instead of being in connection with some scheme for the acquisition of another slice of the hab itable world, the great financier is actually coupled with an act of phil anthropy and he is heralded as a ben efactor. He has let it be known that he is prepared to give a large amount of money, a quarter of a million, to ward the establishment of a school for teachers at Nashville, but the of fer like many others of the kind, is conditional-the school must first raise a sum equal to the proposed do nation. Although they realize that the job ahead of them is not an easy one, the men to whom Morgan has made his offer will endeavor to secure the compensating amount and compel him to carry out his pledge. If the fam ous man had given the money out right and unconditionally he might be entitled to some of the praise that is now bestowed upon him, but in view of his exaction he hardly merits all the good things now said about him. PASSES AND INFLUENCE. An interesting discussion is going on in Minnesota just now. It has had its origin in the refusal of the legislature to heed popular demand and enact a law prohibiting pulblic officials from accepting railroad passes. The house, always more re sponsive to the wish of the people, passed a couple of bills affecting the railroads, one having to do with de murrage and the other reducing pas senger rates. The senate killed both, but both were united when it came to decapitating a measure that would do away with the right of the mem bers to accept the "customary courte sies" from transportation companies. Now they are defending themselves, and, strange as it may appear, seem to have some apologists outside of their own number. The representatives resent the im putation of being dominated by rail road influence and as evidence of their freedom in that regard call attention to the two bills already mentioned. This, though, does not silence their critics, who say that by the same ar gument, the senate, which killed the bills, was subject to just such influ ence, and call upon the defenders of the pass system to explain what that influence was. Without attempting to'define it, those who have the leg islators on the grid iron say it must have been possessed of unusual strength, as it was able to defeat legislation for which the general Piub lic was clamoring. Thus far the affirmative seemingly has much the better of the argument and is manifesting no Inclination to let up In its flagellation. The subject is one that interests more people than those within the boundaries of Minnesota. In Montana clamor of the same kind has been heard for many years, but thus far no legisla tor has eome to the surface who has I gone about to put the other fellows on record by introducing a bill of the kind the Minnesota legislature killed recently. This is,not saying, however, that the time will never come when such a man will be found and when he does appear and guts ousy, framing excuses for subsequent distribution will probably become an occupation, the same as it is now in Minnesota. OPPORTUNITY TO DO GOOD. During the next six months an ex cellent opportunity will be afforded to effectively advertise the resources of that part of the Yellowstone valley of which Billings forms the centre, and it should not be permitted to pass unheeded. The expense and trouble incurred will be more than repaid in the good that will certainly follow by adoption of the suggestion The Ga zette has to offer. In a very short time an immense movement of tourists, excursionists, sightseers and homeseekers will be instituted for the coast, for because of the low rates made by the transcon tinental railroads on account of the Portland exposition thousands of peo ole will be attracted thither. Just what proportion of them will pass through Billings cannot be said, but !t is safe to assume that it will be a considerable one, consequent upon the junction here of .the Northern Pacific and Burlington roads. Without loss of further time permission should be secured from the first named com pany to erect a small building upon its right of way and as close to the passenger station as possible for the exhibition of the products of the farms, gardens and orchards of Yel lowstone county. Pending growth of the new crop samples of the old could be shown, which probably would be even more convincing than the new, as they would not be open to the charge of having been raised espec ially for show. A display, such as has been made in various windows of the city would compel interest and be convincing testimony of the richness of the soil surrounding Billings and the benignity of the climate, for bet ter grain, forage, vegetables and fruit cannot be shown by any of the supposedly more favored localities to the west, the region where nature is supposed to be particularly lavish in its reward of the husbandman and or chardist. If it is really desired to attract the settler and to occupy the vacant acres still remaining hereabouts an exhibit such as has been suggested would prove an attractive and fruitful advertisement. Other cities and communities not possessing even to a small fraction the many advantages offered here to the tiller of the soil may be depended upon to seize the opportunity and generous display of their products will be made by all. Here is a good chance for the Com mercial club and other enterprising citizens to show their public spirit and loyalty. It should be improved. Supplementary to the display itself should be a small pamphlet containing statistics and descriptive matter for distribution among the travelers. Minister Bowen having been called home in order that he may make ex planation of his conduct, and the as surance of Acting Secretary Loomis that he is anxious to meet Bowen face to face, the people of the country will in due time no doubt learn the facts as they seem to be tangled up in a very annoying piece of business. The charges of Bowen against Loomis are serious ones. They not only reflect on the reputation and good name of a public servant occupying an exalted position in the service of the nation, but also are of a character that the government cannot well ignore, as they involve the government itself in that they pretend to show the true reason for diplomatic complications of a serious and aggravating nature that have grown up with South Amer ican peoples and which still remain to be adjusttd. To be enjoined by the courts from carrying out a strike and from inter fering with men who would take their places is no new experience for strik ers, but when in addition they are compelled to defend themselves against indictments charging them with conspiracy in almost all of its Yarious forms and degrees is a com plication that not many have found themselves forced to confront. Pro ceedings of the last few days at Chi cago emphasize the declarations of both sides that the war will be to an end and that concessions will neither be asked nor granted. Should Presi dent Roosevelt undertake the task of mediator he will not doubt find it much more difficult than hunting bears is Colorado. It is not "luck," as an esteemed contemporary would have it, that causes President Roosevelt to have the sympathy, friendship and support of such men as Bishop Spaulding, John Mitchell and others of equal reputation and well known probity. They all have been drawn to him by his fairness, candor, honesty, us. daunted courage at all times to do that which he considers right and just. Were he lacking in those quall ties, all the "luck" in the world would not make them his friends. ASKS HARD QUESTIONS. Kansas City Times: Commissioner Garfield has propounded some hard questions to the officials of the Stan dard Oil company in Kansas. They have not been satisfactorily answered. They cannot be both truthfully and satisfactorily answered. There are evidence that Mr. Garfield has been well posted by the Kansas oil pro ducers. He has gone about the pres ent work intelligently. While he ip looking over the books of the Standard company he doubtless keeps in mind the fact that books may be so "treat ed" that they do not reveal illegal transactions. For exanmpler It has been found that the Standard's books make no mention of direct rebates from the railroads nor of the excee sive prices paid by the railroads for oils-one indirect device for the pay ment of rebates. Mr. Rockefeller has something to do besides inventing new ways to crush competitors and add to his su perfluous millions. The federal gov ernment is keeping him busy. The president is hunting in the moun tains, but he is keeping in mind the hunts going on under the direction of Commissioner Garfield and the Ch! cago grand jury. Mr. Roosevelt is entitled to a rest, but if he can have his way about it the railway officials and the trust magnates will be kept pretty busy until the "square deal" has been established. GREAT BUILDING MOVEMENT. St. Louis Globe-Democrat: One of the mercantile agencies estimates that $600,000,000 will be spent in the United States for new buildings in the year 1905. A large part of this in vestment will be in dwellings, includ ing flats, apartment houses and fam ily hotels. This fact shows that pros perity extends' to all classes and is also a sign that housekeeping, to a greater extent than usual, is in a state of transition. As cities grow homes must be multiplied, and broad er provision made for household econ omies, with reduced care and labor. The estimated increase of the popu lation of the United States at this time is 1,320,000 a year. A great many new homes are constantly needed, and also of a kind sanitary and convenient. Many great ousiness structures are planned, but the build ing wave at the present time is dis tinctly one of dwellings, and it far exceeds anything of the kind wit nessed before. The savings banks deposits tell of steady employment and accumulation among the masses, and it is natural that the worker should want a home of his own. All the rational, conserv ative forces of society are strength ened by the building of homes. St. Louis is a full sharer in the building boom, though the fair is over. The year 1905 is a busier one here than 1904. Rapid transit in cities has more than doubled the suburban area. Many blocks of dwellings are run up every season, and the modern system of real estate operators, constructors and builders quickly transforms va cant land into long vistas of attract ive new houses. Such Is the gratify ing outcome of good times, the pros perity that reaches all who are will ing to bear their just part in the on ward march. PERSONAL NEWSPAPER ORGAN. Marysville Mountaineer: From Sat urday's Helena Record we clip the following, being the sworn annual statement of the Blitte Miner com pany, a corporation: "Butte Miner Company-Capital Stock, $50,000; lia bilities, $292,976. Its capital stock is also paid in full in property." - One year ago, if our memory serves us right, the liabilities of this same newspaper corporation were in the neighborhood of $200,000; so that there has been an increased inde'btd ness of this newspaper organ of nearly $100,000 for the past year. What chances have legitimate news paper enterprises in competition with these personal organs of vulgar mil lionaires? It would be a blessing to the true interests of journalism in this state if all personal organs of this type were wiped out of existence. The tmore costly and burdensome they are made to their masters the better, and the fewer there will be of such ilk. These personal newspaper organs of men of wealth are not legitimate enterprises at all. They are not only untrustworthy as dispensers of news and as tribunes of the people, but they are a formidable obstacle to le gitimate journals. The personal or gan has but one purpose, one design: to exploit the alleged greatness of its parvenue owner. To, accomplish this purpose, it does not hesitate to sup press and garble the news, to mlsrep. resent and deceive, to interpret every. thing to the credit and glory of the vulgr'ian who owns it and is too oon tqmptible and bumptious to allow hit real ability or mediocre mental equip. ment to be judged on its .merits. Not only do these personal organs misrepresent, suppress and torture news, but they boldly lie about mat ters, and blackguard and libel all men opposed to the "angel" who feeds and keeps alive such harpies of the press. These illegitimate newspapers and their owners are afraid of a square deal. They dare not trust the merits or demerits of their cause to the news papers of the people. The vulgarian owners of such newspaper organs want to be fawned upon and slobbered over by their own newspaper harlots. They want to be exaggerated and lied about, so the falsehoods redound to their "greatness" and glory. There is an old, vulgar adage to the effect that "self praise stinks." By owning papers that cover themselves with adulation, they are too vulgar and too obtuse to know what a nause ous dose they prepare. Helena has had her own experi ences with the personal organ. A few years ago the Independent was run on that plan. It was conducted regardless of expense, and the people's savings in the defunct First National bank were looted and squandered to bolster up that illegitimate newspaper enterprise. These personal organs of million aire, parvenue politicians are a blight and a curse to the newspaper busi ness of the state. Their news and editorial columns are unreliable, dis honest and misleading. The truth Is not published in them when inconven inent or unpleasant. May their enl soon come. NATIONAL BANK EXAMINATION. Minneapolis Journal: The Bigelow defalcation, following the failure of Faribault bank, has shaken the confi dence of people in the northwest in the value of national bank examina tion, and, indeed, no one is more im pressed with its insufficiency than the bankers themselves; for no one Is more interested in a thorough and complete exposure of the condition of the banks than the bankers. The bankers do business with each other in large figures. Their relations with each other involve the necessity of absolute confidence in each other's integrity. The necessities of business require this confidence. Banks loan money to each other, carry large bal ances with each other, and the inter ests of each are committed in a greater or less degree to other banks. So it becomes more important to the bankers themselves than it is to any body else that the system of inspection shall be thorough and complete. The Faribault failure and the loot ing of the First National bank of Mil waukee by its president demonstrate that the directors, tor their own pro tection, must have trustworthy inform ation with regard to the condition ot their own institutibns. It means that, being unable to rely on government supervision, they must, for their own protection, secure the services of the best experts obtainable who shall pre sent themselves without notice to the officers of the bank and make thor ough examination of its condition, Government inspection is largely a political deal. Men obtain appoint ments to the position of bank exam iner, who have so little expert knowl edge, who while possibly experienced business men in other lines, have such limited knowledge of the banking bus iness itself that their services are of practically no value. Indeed, ,we are advised that some of the banks in this district have recently refused to pay the fee demanded for examination on the ground of no examination. They believe that the pretended examina tion has been merely superficial and have declined to meet the usual charge for thd service. This is going to compel recognition by the government of its duties to the banks and to the public in this dis trict. But in the meantime there is no protection for the responsible bank directors so far as we can see, except in the way indicated, namely through a thorough and complete examination by competent men employed by the directors themselves. And while this may afford the directors of the indi vidual bank satisfactory information as to their own Institution, it cannot afford them that information with re gard to other institutions whose direc tors may have taken less pains for their own protection. Necessarily an adequate system of examination must be general, whether provided by the banks associated to gether or by the government. Mani festly it ought to be done by the gov ernment, but it never can be so long as the office of bank examiner is con ferred as a political favor. Seven Years for Spear. Cleveland, O., May 3.-A. B. Spear, cashier of the closed Citizens' bank of Oberlin, today In the United States district court entered a plea of guilty to one count of the Indict ment, chasrging him with making false entries from the bank books. Judge Taylor at- once sentenced Spear to seven years' imprleonment in the Ohio penitentary. COURT HOUSE IS ACCEPTED NEW BUILDING IN CUSTODY OF COMMISSIONERS. A FEW DETAILS REMAIN Only Plumbing and Decorating of In terior Yet to be Completed Will Finish Soon. From Thursday's Daily. The board of county commissioners made a final settlement with Shack leton & Whiteway, contractors on the new court house, yesterday afternoon. A few slight details of construction remain to be completed, but the build ing has been accepted for the county and is now in the custody of the com missioners. W. O. Parker, chairman of the toard, said that final completion of the building was being pushed as fast as possible. The plumbers will finish in about a week and the decorators have a force of six men now at work. The counters for the various offices have 'been purchased and also the vault fixtures, but the office furniture is not yet contracted for. This datter item has been already carefully considered by the commis sioners and it is likely that the ma terial will be ordered within a week. 'Excepting the court room and the large lobby, the decorators have fin ished the rooms of the upper floor. Color Schemes. The color schemes as developed so far are here given: Judge's room, walls of turkey red with a lemon ceiling, embellished with floral designs; jury room, green shades, with designs in empire style; administration room, terra cotta walls and yellow ceiling, freehand or naments; waiting room, robin's egg blue walls, with a lighter shade of blue on ceiling; bailiff's room, terra cotta and cream, The vestibules and smaller rooms are done in colors cor responding to the general scheme. The court room and the lobby will be done in oils, the smaller rooms all being water colors. The ceiling of the courtr room will be a cream tint, while the walls are to have a delicate shade of green. On the cove of the large ceiling ornaments will be a sky effect edged with gold. The dome of the lobby will also be a like effect surrounding an ornamental design in old ivory and gold. The wainscot of both court room ani lobby will be done in imitation of Italian marble. All rooms on the first and second floors will be decorated in water colors. These rooms will be finished before the court room and lobbies are done, in order to enable the county offices to be occupied as soon as possible. The Very Latest. The very latest designs in ladies' engraved calling cards and embossed note paper and envelopes at The Ga zette office. dtt (First Publication May 5, 1905-4f) SUMMONS. State of Mvlontana, County of Yellow stone-ss. In Justice Court, Billings Township. Peter Yegen and Christian Yegen, Co-Partners as Yegen Brothers, Plaintiffs,, vs. O. C. Burgher. and Olive Burgner, Defendants. Before F. L. Mann, Justice of the lPeace.--SUMMONS. The State of Montana, to the above named defendants, greeting: You are hereby summoned to be and appear before me, F. L. Mann, a justice of the peace in and for the county of Yellowstone, at my office in Billings, on the 6th day of June, A. D. 1905, at 10 o'clock a. m. of said day, then 'and there to make answer to the complaint of Yegen brothers, the above named plaintiffs. The above action was 'brought to recover from you the sum of two hundred thirty-three and 88-100 dol lars, being balance due on the H. Scovil and Florence Soovil and O. C. Burgner and Olive Burgner account, sold and delivered to defendants at their special instance and request by plaintiffs, at Billings, Montana, within the five years last past, and in default thereof judgment will bh rendered against you, O. C. Burgner and Olive Burgner, the above named defendants, .according to the complaint, for the sum of two hundred thirty and 88-100 d dollars, and costs in this behalf ex pended. Given under my hand this 25th day of April, A. D. 1905. F. L. MANN, Justilc of the Peace. ._. kL..._